On This Day

On This Day in History for January 12

Events in History

  • 475 Basiliscus becomes Byzantine Emperor, with a coronation ceremony in the Hebdomon palace in Constantinople.
  • 1493 Last day for all Jews to leave Sicily
  • 1528 Gustav I of Sweden crowned King of Sweden, rules for 37 years and becomes known as the "father of the nation"
  • 1552 Dutch west coast hit by heavy storm, hundreds killed
  • 1554 Bayinnaung crowned King of Burma, goes on to assemble the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1583 Holland begins use of Gregorian calendar (yesterday was 1/1/1583)

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • 1598 Pope Clement VIII seizes duchy of Ferrara on death of Alfonso
  • 1616 Brazilian city Belem (the entrance gate to the Amazon) founded by Captain Major Francisco Branco
  • 1701 Frisia & Groningen (Netherlands) begin use of Gregorian calendar
  • 1773 First public museum established in north American colonies (Charlestown, SC)
  • 1777 Mission Santa Clara de Asis founded in California

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1803 US Senate approves Thomas Jefferson's nomination of James Monroe and Robert Livingstone to negotiate purchase of New Orleans from France

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1806 French evacuate Vienna
  • 1807 Gunpowder-ship explodes in Leiden, Netherlands, 150 die
  • 1808 The organizational meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh.
  • 1809 British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
  • 1812 1st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez
  • 1816 France decrees Bonaparte family excluded from the country forever
  • 1820 Astronomical Society of London (now the Royal Astronomical Society) founded in England
  • 1836 Battle of Wetumka, Fla

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin reaches Sydney, Australia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1839 Anthracite coal 1st used to smelt iron, Mauch Chunk, Penn
  • 1842 Franciscan nuns begin missionary work on Netherland Antilles
  • 1848 Palermo rising against the Bourbon Kingdom of the Two Sicilies takes place in Sicily
  • 1861 Florida state troops demand surrender of Fort Pickens (US Civil War)
  • 1863 President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
  • 1866 The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Leo Tolstoy's "Smert Ioonna Groznogo" premieres in St Petersburg

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy
  • 1872 Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, 1st imperial coronation in Axum in over 200 years
  • 1875 Kwang-su becomes Emperor of China
  • 1895 The National Trust is founded in Britain.
  • 1896 1st X-ray photo in US (Dr Henry Smith, Davidson NC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 Itō Hirobumi begins his third term as Prime Minister of Japan

1st Prime Minister of Japan Itō Hirobumi
1st Prime Minister of Japan
Itō Hirobumi
  • 1899 Lynmouth Lifeboat rescues 18 people from the stricken schooner Forest Hall off the coast of Devon
  • 1900 Freeland Colony founded in US
  • 1902 Uddevalla Suffrage Association is formally dissolved

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 Harry Houdini performs at Rembrandt theater, Amsterdam

Magician and Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician and Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1904 Herero people of South West Africa, now Namibia, rebel against German colonial rule
  • 1906 1st time Dow Jones closes above 100 (100.26)
  • 1906 Football rules committee legalizes forward pass

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1906 Henry Campbell-Bannerman's cabinet (which included H. H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • 1907 Britain grants responsible government to former colony of Transvaal
  • 1908 A long-distance radio message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.
  • 1911 The University of the Philippines College of Law is formally established; three future Philippine presidents are among the first enrollees.
  • 1912 -47°F (-44°C), Washta, Iowa (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 After using other pseudonyms over the years, Josef Dzhugashvili signs himself as Stalin ("man of steel") in a letter to the newspaper Social Democrat

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1915 US House of Representatives rejects proposal to give women right to vote
  • 1916 Britain proclaims Gilbert & Ellice Islands as a colony in Pacific
  • 1916 Max Immelmann and Oswald Boelcke receive the Pour le Merite, the German Empire's highest military award, for achieving eight aerial victories each over Allied aircraft
  • 1918 Finland's "Mosaic Confessors" law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.
  • 1924 History of Science Society organized at Boston
  • 1925 John Howard Lawson's "Processional" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Philip Barry & Elmer Rice's "Cock Robin" premieres in NYC

Playwright and Novelist Elmer Rice
Playwright and Novelist
Elmer Rice
  • 1929 Seatrain (RR cars on ships) service begins, New Orleans-Havana
  • 1932 Hattie W Caraway elected 1st woman senator (D-Ark)
  • 1932 Philip Barry's "Animal Kingdom" premieres in NYC
  • 1933 US Congress recognizes the Philippines' independence
  • 1933 Uprising of Guardia Civil in Spain, 25 dies
  • 1937 Plough for laying submarine cable patented

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Timely Comics (later Marvel) founded by American publisher Martin Goodman in New York

Comic-Book Artist and Marvel Creative Leader Stan Lee
Comic-Book Artist and Marvel Creative Leader
Stan Lee
  • 1940 World War II: Soviets bombs cities in Finland.
  • 1942 British troops reconquer Sollum
  • 1942 Dutch troops on Tarakan surrender
  • 1942 National War Labor Board created
  • 1943 Frankfurters replaced by Victory Sausages (mix of meat & soy meal)

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1944 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill & French General Charles de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1944 Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat, Amsterdam
  • 1945 German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
  • 1945 US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Japanese ships in Battle of South China Sea
  • 1945 The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe
  • 1946 Edouardo de Filippo's "Questi Fantasmi!" premieres in Rome
  • 1948 1st Supermarket in UK opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1948 US Supreme Court decision (Sipuel v Oklahoma State Board of Regents)
  • 1949 Dutch court affirms death sentence against SS chief Hanns Rauter
  • 1950 Swedish tanker rams British submarine Truculent in Thames, 64 die
  • 1950 USSR re-introduces death penalty for treason, espionage & sabotage
  • 1952 University of Tennessee admits it's 1st black student
  • 1953 9 "Jewish" physicians arrested for "terrorist activities" in Moscow
  • 1954 Austria's worst avalanche-kills 200; 9hrs later 2nd one-kills 115

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Queen Elizabeth II opens New Zealand parliament

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1956 FBi arrests 6 members of the Great Brink's robbery gang, 6 days before statute of limitations runs out

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Southern Christian Leadership Council (SCLC) founded with Martin Luther King Jr. as leader at Ebenezer Church in Atlanta

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1959 Rediscovery of the Caves of Nerja in Spain
  • 1960 Gary Sobers and Frank Worrell complete 399 stand for 4th wkt WI v England
  • 1961 UN genocide pact goes into effect

VietnamAgent Orange in Vietnam

1962 Operation Ranch Hand begins, a US Air Force operation to spray South Vietnamese forests with defoliants such as Agent Orange

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American C-123 spraying chemical defoliant, Agent Orange, on a dense Vietnamese jungle
American C-123 spraying chemical defoliant, Agent Orange, on a dense Vietnamese jungle
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  • 1962 Operation Chopper begins, America's first combat mission in the Vietnam War
  • 1963 Spin bowler Bobby Simpson takes 5-57 for Australia v England
  • 1964 Revolution overthrows Sultan of Zanzibar, 1 month after independence
  • 1965 At 10:58 am PST burn up a nuclear rocket in Nevada
  • 1966 12 day NYC transit strike ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 LBJ says US should stay in South Vietnam until communist aggression ends

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1966 3 British Members of Parliament are attacked in a hotel in Salisbury, Rhodesia (now Harare, Zimbabwe)
  • 1967 Dr. James Bedford becomes the first person to be cryonically preserved with intent of future resuscitation and remains preserved at the Alcor Life Extension Foundation
  • 1971 Congressional Black Caucus organizes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 US Federal grand jury indicts Rev Philip Berrigan & 5 others, including a nun & 2 priests, on charges of plotting to kidnap Henry Kissinger

US Secretary of State and Political Scientist Henry Kissinger
US Secretary of State and Political Scientist
Henry Kissinger
  • 1971 Negotiations over price of petroleum begin in Tehran between 6 OPEC Persian Gulf states and 22 oil companies
  • 1971 2 bombs explode at UK Employment Secretary Robert Carr's home

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Abu Sayeed Chudhury becomes President of Bangladesh and Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Prime Minister

Founding Father of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Founding Father of Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Birthdays in History

  • 1483 Count Henry III of Nassau-Breda, Stadholder of Holland and Zeeland 1515-1521 (d. 1538)
  • 1492 Andreas Alicatus, Italian author
  • 1562 Charles Emanuel I, the great, Duke of Savoy
  • 1576 Peter Scriverius, Dutch lawyer/historian
  • 1579 Jan Baptist van Helmont, Flemish chemist, (found boiling point temperature)
  • 1580 Lord Alexander Ruthven, Scottish nobleman (d. 1600)

Person of interestJohn Winthrop

1588 John Winthrop, English Puritan lawyer and 1st governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, born in Edwardstone, England (d. 1649)

Founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony John Winthrop
Founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
John Winthrop
  • 1591 José Ribera/Jusepe de Ribera, Spanish painter and printmaker, nicknamed Lo Spagnoletto (d. 1652)
  • 1597 François Duquesnoy, French sculptor (d. 1643)
  • 1599 Adrian van Utrecht, Flemish painter

Person of interestCharles Perrault

1628 Charles Perrault, French author and fairy tale writer (Tales of Mother Goose), born in Paris, France (d. 1703)

Fairytale Writer Charles Perrault
Fairytale Writer
Charles Perrault
  • 1638 Ernst R Tarhemberg, Austrian fieldmarshal (Turkish Wars)
  • 1716 Antonio de Ulloa, Spanish general (d. 1795)
  • 1721 Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick, Prussian general (d. 1792)
  • 1723 Samuel Langdon, American college educator (d. 1797)
  • 1729 Lazzaro Spallanzani, Modena Italy, physiologist
  • 1746 Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Swiss educator (Leonard & Gertrude), born in Zurich, Switzerland (d. 1827)
  • 1749 Ferdinand Trauttmansdorff, Austrian earl/prince/diplomat
  • 1751 Ferdinand I, king of Sicily & Naples. (d. 1825)
  • 1751 Jacob M R Lenz, writer (Das Leidende Weib)
  • 1772 Count Mikhail Speransky, Russian reformer (d. 1839)
  • 1780 Wilhelm M L de Wette, German exegetist/theologist
  • 1783 Erik Gustaf Geijer, Swedish historian/poet (Natthimmelen)
  • 1786 Sir Robert Inglis, Bt, English politician (d. 1855)
  • 1792 Robert Patterson, Irish-American Major General (Union Army), born in Cappagh, County Tyrone, Ireland (d. 1881)
  • 1792 Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist (d. 1841)
  • 1797 Gideon Brecher, Austrian physician (d. 1873)
  • 1801 Louise Sophie Blussé, Dutch author, born in Leiden, Holland (d. 1896)
  • 1807 Jan T Beelen, Dutch/Belgian bible expert
  • 1808 Paul "the Great" Taglioni, ballet choreographer, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1810 Ferdinand II, king of Sicily
  • 1814 Jones Mitchell Withers, Mjr General (Confederate Army), (d. 1890)
  • 1819 Zealous Bates Tower, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Cohasset, Massachusetts (d. 1900)
  • 1822 Étienne Lenoir, French engineer (d. 1900)
  • 1825 Joseph Robert Davis, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • 1826 Charles Cruft, American teacher, lawyer, railroad executive, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Terre Haute, Indiana (d. 1883)
  • 1832 Richard Waterhouse Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1876)
  • 1842 Francois Coppee, French poet
  • 1849 Jean Béraud, French painter (d. 1935)
  • 1852 Joseph J C Joffre, French fieldmarshal (Indo China, Marne)
  • 1853 Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro, Italian mathematician (tensor analysis)
  • 1856 John Singer Sargent, American painter (Wyndham Sisters), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1925)
  • 1861 James Mark Baldwin, American philosopher & psychologist, born in Columbia, South Carolina (d. 1934)
  • 1863 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, born in Kolkata, India (d. 1902)
  • 1871 Paul Guthnick, German astronomer
  • 1875 Marika Stiernstedt, Swedish author (Ulla Bella)
  • 1876 Jack London, American writer/socialist (Call of the Wild), born in San Francisco (d. 1916)
  • 1877 Frank J. Corr, American politician (d. 1934)
  • 1878 Ferenc Molnar, Hungarian/US playwright (A Pal Utrai Fiuk)
  • 1882 Jakob Jud, Swiss linguist/etymologist
  • 1890 Mordecai Wyatt Johnson, pastor and educator, born in Paris, Tennessee (d. 1976)
  • 1892 Mikhail Gurevich, Russian aircraft designer (d. 1976)

Person of interestHermann Goering

1893 Hermann Goering, Nazi Party leader, Vice-Chancellor of Germany (1941-45) and World War I fighter pilot ace, born in Rosenheim, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire (d. 1946)

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1893 Alfred Rosenberg, German Nazi official (d. 1946)
  • 1896 David Wechsler, American psychologist (d. 1981)
  • 1897 Hendrik J Valk, painter/cartoonist/graphic artist
  • 1899 Paul H Muller, Swiss chemist (DDT-Nobel 1948), born in Olten, Switzerland (d. 1965)
  • 1902 Simon Spoor, Dutch military officer, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1949)
  • 1903 Igor Kurchatov, Russian nuclear physicist, born in Sim, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia (d. 1960)
  • 1905 James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist, born in Atchison, Kansas (d. 1997)
  • 1907 Sergei Korolev, Soviet Russian rocket engineer & spacecraft designer (Sputnik; Voskhod), born in Zhytomyr, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1966)
  • 1908 Clement Hurd, American illustrator, born in NYC, New York (d. 1988)
  • 1912 Charles Moeller, Belgian theologist (Humanism et saintete), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • 1914 Edward John Gurney, American politician, US senator (1969-74), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1996)
  • 1915 Ernest Armstrong, British politician (L) & teacher, born in Stanley, County Durham (d. 1996)
  • 1915 Frank Annunzio, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1965-93), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2001)
  • 1915 Roy Ralston, British pilot, born in Moss Side, Manchester
  • 1915 Martin Agronsky, American journalist (1952 Peabody, 1961 DuPont-Columbia), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1999)
  • 1915 Paul Jarrico, American writer, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1997)
  • 1915 Joseph-Aurèle Plourde, Catholic archbishop of Ottawa, born in Saint-François-de-Madawaska, Canada (d. 2013)

Person of interestP. W. Botha

1916 P. W. Botha, President of South Africa (1984-89) and Prime Minister (19778-84), born in Paul Roux, Orange Free State Province, South Africa (d. 2006)

President of South Africa P. W. Botha
President of South Africa
P. W. Botha
  • 1917 Jimmy Skinner, Canadian hockey coach, born in Selkirk, Canada (d. 2007)

Person of interestMaharishi Mahesh Yogi

1918 Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian guru who developed Transcendental Meditation, born in Jabalpur, India (d. 2008)

  • 1920 James Farmer, American civil rights leader, born in Marshall, Texas (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Prof Jerzy Zubrzycki, Polish-born Australian sociologist, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 2009)
  • 1922 Tadeusz Żychiewicz, Polish journalist and art historian, born in Bratkowice, Poland (d. 1994)
  • 1923 Ira Hayes, Pima Native American soldier, born in Sacaton, Arizona (d. 1955)
  • 1924 Jan Willem Radecker, Dutch sculptor & son of John Raedecker, born in Schoorl, Netherlands (d. 2009)
  • 1929 Alasdair MacIntyre, Scottish-born American philosopher, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1930 Jennifer Johnston, Irish author (Fool's sanctuary), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • 1932 Alain Teister, Dutch writer, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • 1935 Kreskin, American mentalist, born in Montclair, New Jersey
  • 1937 Liliana Cavani, Italian director (Berlin Affair), born in Carpi, Italy
  • 1939 Helmut Eisendle, Austrian writer, born in Graz, Austria (d. 2003)
  • 1939 Jacques Hamelink, Dutch writer & poet (Cold Unrest), born in Terneuzen, Netherlands
  • 1941 Jaime Fuster, American politician (Rep-D-PR, 1985- ), born in Guayama, Puerto Rico (d. 2007)
  • 1942 Vladimir Sergeyevich Kozelsky, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz 24 backup), born in Aleksandrovskoye Stavropol kray, Soviet Union
  • 1942 Bernardine Dohrn, former leader of the Weather Underground, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1942 Michael Mayor, Swiss astrophysicist (discovered 1st exoplanet), 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics, born in Lausanne, Switzerland
  • 1944 Hans Henning Atrott, Prussian euthanasia advocate, born in Klaipėda, Lithuania
  • 1946 Lady Cosgrove, Scottish lawyer & judge, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1948 Khalid Abdul Muhammed, American Nation of Islam spokesman, born in Houston, Texas (d. 2001)
  • 1948 William Nicholson, English writer, born in Lewes, United Kingdom
  • 1949 James Dietz, American rower, born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1949 Michael W. Vannier, American radiologist, born in Hamilton City, California

Person of interestHaruki Murakami

1949 Haruki Murakami, Japanese writer (Norwegian Wood), born in Kyoto, Japan

  • 1950 Bob McEwen, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1981-93), born in Hillsboro, Ohio
  • 1950 Marilyn Smith, American microbiologist, born in Americus, Georgia
  • 1950 Sheila Jackson Lee, American politician, born in NYC, New York
  • 1950 Göran Lindblad, Swedish politician, born in Gothenburg, Sweden

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1684 French King Louis XIV marries Madame Maintenon

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV

Deaths in History

  • 689 Benedict Biscop, English saint, dies
  • 1049 Abū-Sa'īd Abul-Khayr, Persian mystic and poet, dies at 81
  • 1167 Aelred of Hexham/Rievaulx, English abbot/saint, dies at about 56
  • 1322 Maria of Brabant, wife of Philip III and Queen consort of France (1274-85), dies at 67
  • 1390 Peter van Herenthals, Dutch theologist/church historian, dies at 67
  • 1519 Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1459)
  • 1537 Lorenzo di Credi, Italian painter, dies
  • 1550 Andrea Alciato, Italian lawyer and writer, dies at 57
  • 1665 Pierre de Fermat, French mathematician (Fermat therorem), dies at 63

Person of interestMarguerite Bourgeoys

1700 Marguerite Bourgeoys, founder of the Congregation of Notre Dame in Quebec, dies at 79

First Canadian Saint Marguerite Bourgeoys
First Canadian Saint
Marguerite Bourgeoys
  • 1705 Luca Giordano, Italian artist (b. 1634)
  • 1732 John Horsley, British archaeologist (b. 1685)
  • 1759 Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange, eldest daughter of King George II of Great Britain, dies at 49
  • 1777 Hugh Mercer, Scottish military officer (fought in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War), dies of his wounds at the Battle of Princeton at 50
  • 1781 Richard Challoner, English Catholic prelate (b. 1691)
  • 1807 Adriaan Kluit, Dutch historian, dies at 71
  • 1807 Joan Lucaz, Dutch journalist and patriot, dies at 60
  • 1817 Juan Andres, Spanish Jesuit (b. 1740)
  • 1829 Friedrich von Schlegel, German cultural philosopher/poet, dies at 56
  • 1833 Marie-Antoine Carême, French chef (b. 1784)

Person of interestWilliam Grenville

1834 William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1806-07), dies at 74

British Prime Minister William Grenville
British Prime Minister
William Grenville
  • 1839 Joseph A Koch, Aust painter/cartoonist/etcher/illustrator, dies at 70
  • 1851 Johan Herman Koekkoek, painter, dies at 72
  • 1856 Ľudovít Štúr, Slovak politician and author of Slovak language, dies at 40
  • 1860 Martinus Niewindt, Dutch Bishop of Curacao (christened slaves), dies at 63
  • 1867 Victor Cousin, French philosopher and educational reformer, dies at 74

Person of interestIsaac Pitman

1897 Isaac Pitman, English teacher and inventor of Pitman shorthand (Stenographic Soundhand), dies at 84

English Teacher and Inventor Isaac Pitman
English Teacher and Inventor
Isaac Pitman
  • 1899 Hiram Walker, American entrepreneur and founder of the Hiram Walker and Sons Ltd. distillery, dies at 82
  • 1909 Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician (b. 1864)
  • 1925 Oskar Brefeld, German botanist and founder of modern mycology, dies at 85
  • 1926 Sir Austin Chapman, Australian politician (b. 1864)
  • 1928 Ruth Snyder, 1st woman to die in electric chair
  • 1934 Surya Sen "Master Da", Indian activist for independence (Chittagong armoury raid), hanged at 39
  • 1940 Erich R Jaensch, German psychologist (eidetiek), dies at 56
  • 1943 Jan Campert, Dutch resistance fighter and poet (18 Dead), dies at 40
  • 1943 Frank Alvord Perret, American volcanologist renowned for his research at Vesuvius, Etna, Stromboli and Kilauea dies at 75
  • 1944 Lance C. Wade, American pilot (b. 1915)
  • 1947 Jonas Cohn, German philosopher (Wertwissenschaft), dies at 77
  • 1956 John Raedecker, Dutch sculptor (WW II Monument Amsterdam), dies at 70
  • 1958 Charles Mallory Hatfield, U.S. rainmaker (b. 1875)
  • 1959 Edvard Eriksen, Danish-Icelandic sculptor, dies at 82
  • 1960 Nevil Shute [Norway], English-Australian novelist (On the Beach, Town like Alice), dies at 60
  • 1962 Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian writer and feminist, dies at 92
  • 1965 Lorraine Hansberry, US playwright, dies in NYC, dies at 34
  • 1965 Porcupine, in the National Zoo, dies at 27; oldest known rodent (Washington, DC)
  • 1967 Holland Smith, American General in the U.S. Marine Corps, dies at 84
  • 1970 Blanche Stuart Scott, US pilot, dies at 84
  • 1972 Padraic Colum, Irish novelist and poet (Collected Poems), dies at 90
  • 1975 Caryn Campbell, Bundy victim, disappears from Snowmass, Colo

Person of interestAgatha Christie

1976 Agatha Christie, British crime writer (Murder on the Orient Express, Mousetrap), dies at 85

Novelist Agatha Christie
Agatha Christie
  • 1977 Henri-Georges Clouzot, French director (Les Diaboliques, Truth), dies at 69
  • 1986 Marcel Arland, French author (L'ordre, Lumière du Soir), dies at 86
  • 1988 Connie Mulder, South African politician (b. 1925)
  • 1990 Laurence J. Peter, Canadian author (Peter Principle), dies of a stroke at 70
  • 1991 Vasco Pratolini, Italian writer (Ragazze di San Frediano), dies at 77
  • 1992 Harry van Doorn, Dutch politician (KVP/KRO-chairman/PPR/CRM), dies at 76
  • 1992 Walt Morey, US children's book writer (Gentle Ben), dies at 84
  • 1993 Carles Mira, Spanish director (Que Nos Quiten Lo Bailao), dies at 45
  • 1994 Bob Horen, dies of cancer at 67
  • 1994 Samuel Bronston, Romanian/US producer (El Cid), dies at 85
  • 1995 George Price, cartoonist (New Yorker), dies at 93
  • 1995 Marion Herbst, German/Dutch jewelry designer, dies at 50
  • 1996 Edmund Happold, British structural engineer (founder of Buro Happold), dies at 65
  • 1996 John Howard Purnell, Welsh chemist (Royal Society of Chemistry), dies at 70
  • 1996 Peggy Braithwaite, lighthouse-keeper, dies at 76
  • 1996 Joachim Nitsche, German mathematician (b. 1926)
  • 1997 Charles Huggins, American-Canadian physician and cancer researcher (1966 Nobel Prize), dies at 95
  • 1997 Jean Writer-Edern Hallier, dies at 60
  • 1999 Leo Cherne, American economist and commentator (All Star News), dies at 86

Person of interestBill Hewlett

2001 William Hewlett, American engineer and businessman (co-founder Hewlett-Packard), dies of a heart attack at 87

Electrical Engineer and Businessman Bill Hewlett
Electrical Engineer and Businessman
Bill Hewlett
  • 2002 Cyrus Vance, 57th U.S. Secretary of State (1977-80), dies at 84
  • 2003 Dean Amadon, American ornithologist, dies at 90
  • 2003 Kinji Fukasaku, Japanese director (b. 1930)
  • 2003 Leopoldo Galtieri, dictator of Argentina (b. 1926)
  • 2003 Allan Nunn May, English physicist and Soviet spy (b. 1911)
  • 2004 Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya, Russian mathematician (fluid dynamics), dies at 81
  • 2005 Alessia di Matteo, first survivor of eight transplants in one operation (b. 2003)
  • 2005 Edmund S. Valtman, Estonian-born cartoonist (b. 1914)
  • 2007 Sir James Killen, Australian politician (b. 1925)
  • 2009 Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher (b. 1912)
  • 2010 Hasib Sabbagh, Palestinian businessman and philanthropist, co-founder of Consolidated Contractors Company (b. 1920)
  • 2010 Daniel Bensaïd, French philosopher and a leader of the Trotskyist movement in France, dies of cancer caused by the side effects of drugs used to treat AIDS at 63
  • 2012 Bill Janklow, American politician and four-term Governor of South Dakota (Republican: 1979-87, 1995-2003), dies of brain cancer at 72
  • 2012 Reginald Hill, British crime author (Andrew Dalziel and Peter Pascoe novels), dies of brain cancer at 75
  • 2012 Charles Price, American businessman and diplomat, dies at 80
  • 2014 Michael L. Strang, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Colorado), dies at 84
  • 2015 John Bayley, English academic and writer (Iris: A Memoir of Iris Murdoch), dies at 89
  • 2020 Paulo Gonçalves, Portuguese rally racing motorcycle rider (FIM Cross-Country Rallies World Championship 2013), dies in motorcycle crash during Dakar Rally at 40