On This Day

On This Day in History for January 14

Events in History

  • 378 General Siyaj K'ak', a Mayan warlord, conquers Tikal and increases the domain of Teotihuacan
  • 1129 Formal approval of the Order of Templars at the Council of Troyes
  • 1343 Arnost of Pardubice becomes the first Archbishop of Prague (and the last bishop of Prague)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1501 Martin Luther enters the University of Erfurt, aged 17

Theologian and Founder of Protestantism Martin Luther
Theologian and Founder of Protestantism
Martin Luther

BeatificationPapal Bull

1514 Pope Leo X issues a papal bull against slavery

Pope Leo X
Leo X

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1526 Charles V and Francis I sign the Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy and Flanders

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
King Francis I of France
Francis I of France
  • 1601 Church authorities in Rome burn Hebrew books
  • 1639 1st Connecticut constitution (Fundamental Orders) adopted in Hartford, published by Rodger Ludlow
  • 1641 United East Indian Company conquers city of Malacca, 7,000 killed
  • 1659 Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish
  • 1699 Massachusetts holds day of fasting for wrongly persecuting "witches"
  • 1717 German mob leader and thief "Sjako" sentenced to death in Amsterdam
  • 1724 Spanish King Philip V abdicates throne
  • 1739 Britain and Spain sign 2nd Convention of Pardo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1746 "Bonnie Prince Charlie", Prince Charles Edward Stuart's army leaves Glasgow, Scotland [OS=Jan 3]

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1761 Third Battle of Panipat: In one of the largest battles of the century, the mostly Muslim Afghani Durrani Empire defeats the mostly Hindu Maratha Empire in Northern India. An estimated 60,000–70,000 were killed in the fighting and about 40,000 Maratha prisoners massacred afterwards.
  • 1784 US Congress of the Confederation ratifies the Treaty of Paris, signed September 3, 1783, ending the Revolutionary War, and forwards it to Great Britain
  • 1794 Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom, Virginia, performs 1st successful Cesarean section operation in the US on his wife

AgreementContract of Interest

1799 Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • 1799 King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
  • 1813 Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in US (NY)
  • 1814 King of Denmark cedes Norway to King of Sweden by treaty of Kiel
  • 1822 Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrius Ypsilanti

MurderAssassination Attempt

1858 French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed

Emperor of France Napoleon III
Emperor of France
Napoleon III
  • 1861 Fort Pikens, Florida, falls into state hands (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche, Louisiana
  • 1864 Battle of Cosby Creek, Tennessee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 General Sherman begins his march to the South

  • 1868 North Carolina constitutional convention meets in Raleigh
  • 1868 South Carolina constitutional convention meets with a black majority
  • 1873 "Celluloid" registered as a trademark by its inventor, John Wesley Hyatt
  • 1873 Prominent African American Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback elected to US Senate (though never seated due to state elections controversy)
  • 1874 I. D. Shadd elected Speaker of lower house of Mississippi legislature
  • 1878 US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional
  • 1897 6,960 m (22,834 ft) Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 1st climbed by European expedition led by British mountaineer Edward FitzGerald
  • 1907 An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica, kills more than 1,000
  • 1908 Roger Hartigan scores century on Test debut v England in Adelaide (116)

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1911 Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition lands on the Ross Ice Shelf

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1912 Raymond Poincaré becomes Premier of France

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1914 The Gandhi-Smuts Agreement is reached between Gen. J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1916 Dutch Zuiderzee dyke cracks
  • 1918 Finland and USSR adopt New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • 1924 Allies direct Fiume (Rijeka) in Italy
  • 1929 Afghan King Amanullah forced to resign
  • 1932 1st totalisator (to record racetrack bets) in US installed, Hialeah
  • 1935 Iraq-Mediterranean oil pipeline goes into use

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 L. M. (Mario) Giannini elected President of Bank of America

Banker and Entrepreneur Amadeo Giannini
Banker and Entrepreneur
Amadeo Giannini
  • 1938 National Society for Legalization of Euthanasia forms (NY)
  • 1939 All commercial ferry services between San Francisco and East Bay end
  • 1939 Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica
  • 1942 Japanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Heinrich Himmler views Warsaw

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1943 World War II: Japan begins Operation Ke, withdrawal of its troops from Guadalcanal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt travels from Miami to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill, becoming the first American president to travel overseas by airplane

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Conference of InterestCasablanca Conference

1943 World War II: Casablanca Conference begins between Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and other Allied representatives

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Henri Giraud, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Charles de Gaulle and Winston Churchill at the Casablanca Conference
Henri Giraud, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Charles de Gaulle and Winston Churchill at the Casablanca Conference
Learn More
  • 1944 Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
  • 1945 In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • 1946 2 jetties collapse in Ganges, crushing 160 Hindu pilgrims
  • 1949 Black and Indian race rebellion in Durban, South Africa; 142 die
  • 1950 US recalls all consular officials from China
  • 1952 Rationing of coffee in Netherlands ends
  • 1952 Snowstorm in Sierra Nevada kills 26
  • 1953 Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1953 Yugoslavia elects its 1st president (Marshal Tito)

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • 1954 The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation
  • 1956 Jordan government refuses to join Pact of Baghdad
  • 1957 Kripalu Maharaj is named fifth Jagadguru (world teacher)
  • 1960 Tuindorp-Oostzaan in Northern Amsterdam, flooded
  • 1960 The Reserve Bank of Australia is established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 George Wallace sworn in as Governor of Alabama, his address states "segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!"

Governor of Alabama and Segregationist George Wallace
Governor of Alabama and Segregationist
George Wallace
  • 1963 "The Bell Jar" by Sylvia Path is published by Heinemann in the UK, the author commits suicide a month later
  • 1964 Bapu Nadkarni 32-27-5-0 v England, 21 maiden overs in a row

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

1964 Jacqueline Kennedy's 1st public appearance (TV) since US President JFK's assassination

US First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
US First Lady
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1967 20,000 attend Human Be-In, San Francisco
  • 1967 Earthquake in Sicily kills 231
  • 1967 New York Times reports Army is conducting secret germ warfare experiments
  • 1969 25 members of US aircraft carrier Enterprise die during maneuvers
  • 1969 Soyuz 4 launched; rendezvous with Soyuz 5 two days later
  • 1970 Royal Ulster Constabulary officers patrol the Falls Road area of Belfast for the first time since 1969
  • 1971 John Snow takes 7-40 for England to beat Australia by 299 runs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Margrethe II of Denmark becomes the first Queen of Denmark since 1412

Queen of Denmark Margrethe II
Queen of Denmark
Margrethe II
  • 1973 2 Royal Ulster Constabulary officers are killed in Derry by a booby-trap bomb attached to their car by the Irish Republican Army
  • 1974 World Football League founded
  • 1975 USSR breaks trade agreement with US
  • 1975 17-year-old Lesley Whittle is kidnapped in Shropshire, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 US President Jimmy Carter proposes Martin Luther King's birthday be a holiday

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1981 US Federal Communications Commission frees stations to air as many commercials an hour as they wish
  • 1985 16 indicted by US for granting sanctuary to Central American refugees
  • 1985 British pound sinks to record low $US1.11
  • 1986 Constitution of Guatemala takes effect
  • 1986 Vinicio Cerezo becomes only the second freely elected President of Guatemala since CIA-sponsored coup in 1954

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 1,000 muslims burn Salman Rushdies' "Satanic Verses" in Bradford, England

Novelist Salman Rushdie
Salman Rushdie
  • 1989 29 year old French woman gives birth to sextuplets in Paris
  • 1989 Former Belgian premier Paul Vanden Boeynants kidnapped
  • 1990 Un Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar says he has lost all hope for peace in Gulf
  • 1991 Jorge Serrano Elias sworn in as President of Guatemala
  • 1991 Tyne Daly arrested for drunk driving in Van Nuys, California
  • 1991 Valentin Pavlov become new premier of USSR
  • 1993 Polish ferry boat capsizes in storm, 50 die
  • 1994 Russian manned space craft TM-17, lands

Birthdays in History

Person of interestMark Antony

83 BC Mark Antony [Marcus Antonius], Roman politician and general (Battle of Actium), born in Rome (d. 30 BC)

Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
  • 1131 Valdemar I of Denmark, King of Denmark (1146–1182), born in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany (d. 1182)
  • 1467 Henry of Stolberg-Wernigerode, German ruler of the County of Wernigerode, born in Wernigerode Castle, Germany (d. 1854)
  • 1477 Hermann of Wied, German Catholic archbishop (d. 1552)
  • 1507 Catherine of Habsburg, Queen of Portugal, born in Torquemada, Spain (d. 1578)
  • 1551 Alberico Gentili, Italian lawyer & jurist, born in Province of Macerata, Italy (d. 1608)
  • 1615 John Biddle, English nontrinitarian and Unitarian minister, born in Gloucestershire, England (d. 1662)
  • 1618 Jan Six, Dutch mayor of Amsterdam, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1700)
  • 1664 Simon van Slingelandt, Dutch grand pensionary (1727-36), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1736)
  • 1684 Jean-Baptiste Vanloo, French painter, born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1745)
  • 1684 Johann Matthias Hase, German mathematician & astronomer, born in Augsburg, Germany (d. 1742)
  • 1702 Nakamikado Emperor of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1737)
  • 1705 Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier, French sailor & governor of the Mascarene Islands, born in Pleudihen-sur-Rance, France (d. 1786)
  • 1730 William Whipple, American merchant & judge (signatory of the Declaration of Independence), born in Kittery, Maine (d. 1785)

Person of interestBenedict Arnold

1741 Benedict Arnold, American general and turncoat (American Revolutionary War), born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1801)

US General and Turncoat Benedict Arnold
US General and Turncoat
Benedict Arnold
  • 1791 Calvin Phillips, American midget & shortest known adult male (67 cm; 2' 2"), born in Bridgewater, Massachusetts (d. 1812)
  • 1792 Christian Julius De Meza, Danish general, born in Helsingør, Denmark (d. 1865)
  • 1793 John C. Clark, American politician, born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts (d. 1852)
  • 1798 Isaac da Costa, Jewish poet, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1860)
  • 1798 Johan Rudolph Thorbecke, Premier of Netherlands (Lib-1849..72), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1872)
  • 1806 Matthew Fontaine Maury, Naval Commander (Confederacy), born in Spotsylvania County, Virginia (d. 1873)
  • 1806 Sir Charles Hotham, Governor of Victoria, born in Dennington, United Kingdom (d. 1855)
  • 1817 Harmen Sytstra, Dutch poet & editor (Iduna), born in Mullum, Netherlands (d. 1862)
  • 1818 Zacharias Topelius, Finnish historical novelist (Surgeon's Stories), born in Nykarleby, Finland (d. 1898)
  • 1819 Frederick Steele, American Major General (Union Army), born in Delhi, New York (d. 1868)
  • 1831 John Bullock Clark Jr., American general (Confederate Army), born in Fayette, Missouri (d. 1903)
  • 1836 Hugh Judson Kilpatrick, American Major General (Union Army), born in Wantage Township, New Jersey (d. 1881)
  • 1836 Henri Fantin-Latour, French painter, born in Grenoble, France (d. 1904)
  • 1841 Berthe Morisot, French painter, born in Bourges, France (d. 1895)
  • 1845 Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, British statesman, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1927)
  • 1850 Pierre Loti, French naval officer & novelist, born in Rochefort, France (d. 1923)
  • 1851 Théophile de Bock, Dutch painter, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1904)
  • 1856 J. F. Archibald, Australian journalist & publisher, born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1919)
  • 1857 Alice Pike Barney, American painter, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1931)
  • 1861 Wilhelm von Polenz, German writer (Der Pfarrer von Breitendorf), born in Cunewalde, Germany (d. 1903)
  • 1863 Pieter Oosterlee, Dutch educator, born in Valkenburg, Netherlands (d. 1930)
  • 1868 Catharina Anna Maria de Savornin Lohman, Dutch author (Belief), born in Assen, Netherlands (d. 1930)
  • 1870 Sir George Pearce, Australian politician, born in Mount Barker, Australia (d. 1952)
  • 1874 Thornton W. Burgess, American conservationist & author (The Bedtime Story-Books; Now I Remember: Autobiography of an Amateur Naturalist), born in Sandwich, Massachusetts (d. 1965)
  • 1875 Albert Schweitzer, Alsatian theologian & writer (Nobel 1954), born in Kayserberg, France (d. 1965)
  • 1878 Victor Segalen, French naval doctor & writer, born in Brest, France (d. 1919)
  • 1882 Hendrik Willem van Loon, Dutch-American historian and writer (Story of America), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • 1886 Hugh Lofting, English writer and illustrator (Dr. Doolittle), born in Maidenhead, England (d. 1947)
  • 1892 Martin Niemöller, German theologian who supported, then opposed the Nazi regime, famous for his widely quoted poem "First they came ...", born in Lippstadt, Germany (d. 1984)
  • 1895 George Richard Samways, English children's writer, born in Hampshire, England (d. 1996)
  • 1896 John dos Passos, American novelist (1919, Big Money, 42nd Parallel), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1970)
  • 1897 Hasso von Manteuffel, German WWII general (5th Panzer Army) and politician, born in Potsdam, Germany (d. 1978)
  • 1899 Fritz Bayerlein, German general (WWI, Poland, Libya, St-Lo), born in German Empire (d. 1970)
  • 1901 Carlos P. Romulo, Philippine diplomat & statesman, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1985)
  • 1902 Alfred Tarski, Polish-American logician & mathematician, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1983)
  • 1902 F. C. Terborgh [Reijnier Flaes], Dutch writer (De Turkenoorlog), born in Den Helder, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • 1904 Cecil Beaton, English photographer, born in Hampstead, United Kingdom (d. 1980)
  • 1904 Emily Hahn, American journalist & author, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1997)
  • 1905 Takeo Fukuda, 67th Prime Minister of Japan, born in Gunma, Japan (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Derek Richter, British neuroscientist (learning & memory), born in bath, United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Sophie Redmond, Suriname's 1st female physician, born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 1955)
  • 1907 Georges-Émile Lapalme, Quebec politician, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1985)
  • 1911 Anatoly Rybakov, Russian writer, born in Chernihiv, Ukraine (d. 1998)
  • 1913 Tillie Olsen, American writer (Tell Me a Riddle), born in Wahoo, Nebraska (d. 2007)
  • 1914 Thomas J. Watson Jr., American businessman and politician (President of IBM, 1952-1971, US Ambassador to the Soviet Union, 1979-1981), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1993)
  • 1914 Dudley Randall, African-American poet who founded the pioneering publishing house "Broadside Press", born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2000)
  • 1915 Andre Frossard, Catholic columnist, born in Saint-Maurice-Colombier, France (d. 1995)
  • 1916 John Oliver Killens, American writer, born in Macon, Georgia (d. 1987)
  • 1919 Giulio Andreotti, Italian politician & statesman (Prime Minister, 1989–1992), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2013)
  • 1921 Charles Gaupp, German-Dutch painter, born in Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1921 Murray Bookchin, American libertarian socialist, born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1925 Yukio Mishima, Japanese novelist (Temple of Golden Pavilion), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1970)
  • 1925 Jean-Claude Beton, Algerian-born French businessman, entrepreneur and soft-drink manufacturer (Orangina), born in Boufarik, French Algeria (d. 2013)
  • 1926 Harold Wolpe, South African lawyer & sociologist, born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1996)
  • 1926 Mahasweta Devi, Indian Bengali writer & activist, born in Dhaka, British India (d. 2016)
  • 1927 John Mallard, English medical physicist (developed MRI and PET scans), born in Northampton, England (d. 2021)
  • 1928 Garry Winogrand, American photographer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1984)
  • 1931 Frank Costigan, Australian lawyer, born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2009)
  • 1935 Lucille Wheeler, Canadian alpine skier, born in Mont-Tremblant, Canada
  • 1940 Julian Bond, American civil rights leader & politician (D-Ga), born in Nashville Tennessee (d. 2015)
  • 1941 Milan Kučan, Slovenian statesman, born in Križevci, Gornji Petrovci, Slovenia
  • 1942 Amichand Rajbansi, South African politician, born in Durban, South Africa (d. 2011)
  • 1942 Carol Bellamy, American politician (City Council Pres-D- 1978-85), born in NYC, New York
  • 1943 Shannon Lucid, Chinese astronaut (STS 51G, 34, 43, 58, 76/79), born in Shanghai, China
  • 1944 Nina Totenberg, American journalist, born in NYC, New York
  • 1945 Einar Hakonarson, Icelandic painter, born in Reykjavik, Iceland
  • 1945 Vonetta McGee, American actress, born in San Francisco, California, (d. 2010)
  • 1946 Harold Shipman, British serial killer, born in Bestwood Estate, Nottingham (d. 2004)
  • 1949 Mary Robison, American writer (Why Did I Ever), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1952 Sydney Biddle Barrows, American madam and author (Mayflower Madam), born in Hopewell, New Jersey
  • 1952 Maureen Dowd, American writer, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1952 Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, Prime Minister of Romania, born in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1957 Anchee Min, Chinese writer, born in Shanghai, China
  • 1958 Colin Ferguson, Jamaican murderer (6 people on the LIRR on Dec 7, 1993), born in Kingston, Jamaica
  • 1961 Robert Edwin Hall, New Zealand mountaineer & businessman, born in Christchurch, New Zealand (d. 1996)
  • 1962 Michael McCaul, American politician, born in Dallas, Texas
  • 1964 Shepard Smith, American news anchor, born in Holly Springs, Mississippi
  • 1965 Shamil Basayev, Chechen rebel, born in Dyshne-Vedeno, Russia (d. 2006)
  • 1965 Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, British TV chef (River Cottage), writer and environmental activist, born in London, England
  • 1971 Lasse Kjus, Norwegian skier, born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1975 Ricardo López, Uruguayan-born stalker of Björk, born in Uruguay (d. 1996)
  • 1978 Just Blaze [Justin Smith], American hip hop producer, born in Paterson, New Jersey
  • 1979 John Reuben, American hip hop artist, born in Columbus, Ohio
  • 1980 Sosuke Sumitani, Japanese announcer, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1981 Abdelmalek Cherrad, Algerian football, born in La Tronche, France

Weddings in History

  • 1236 English King Henry III marries Eleonora of Provence
  • 1914 Danish "Out of Africa" author Karen Blixen (28), pen name Isak Dinesen marries her 2nd cousin Baron Hans von Blixen-Finecke

LoveWedding of Interest

1930 American author John Steinbeck (27) weds Carol Henning (23) in Los Angeles, California (divorced 1942)

LoveWedding of Interest

1958 Human rights activist Malcolm X marries fellow activist Betty Shabazz in Lansing, Michigan

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X
Civil Rights Activist Betty Shabazz
Civil Rights Activist
Betty Shabazz

Divorces in History

  • 1994 Kathleen Kinmont files for divorce from Lorenzo Lamas

Deaths in History

  • 973 Ekkehard I, monk of St Gallen (Vita Waltharii manu fortis), dies
  • 1163 Ladislaus I Arpad, king of Hungary (1162-63), dies
  • 1236 Sava [Rastko], son of Serbia's king/saint, dies at 64
  • 1301 Andrew III, Venetian King of Hungary and Croatia (1290-1301), dies at 50 ending the Arpad dynasty in Hungary
  • 1331 Odoric, Italian Franciscan friar and explorer (b. 1286)
  • 1623 Paolo Sarpi, Italian church historian and politician, dies at 70
  • 1640 Thomas Coventry, 1st Baron Coventry, English lawyer and judge (b. 1578)
  • 1648 Casparus Barleaus, Flemish theologist and poet (Muiderkring), dies at 63
  • 1679 Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (b. 1602)
  • 1701 Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord, dies at 72

Person of interestEdmond Halley

1742 Edmond Halley, English mathematician and astronomer (Halley's comet), dies at 85 [NS=Jan 25]

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
  • 1766 Frederik V, king of Denmark/Norway (1746-66), dies at 42
  • 1786 Meshech Weare, Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1713)
  • 1788 François Joseph Paul, marquis de Grasetilly, comte de Grasse, French admiral (b. 1722)
  • 1819 John Wolcot, English satirist (Peter Pindar), dies at 80
  • 1822 Franz Innocenz Joseph Kobell, German landscape painter, dies at 72
  • 1825 George Dance the Younger, English architect (b. 1741)
  • 1833 Seraphim of Sarov, Russian Orthodox Saint, dies at 73
  • 1847 Gov Bent, 5 others in US occupation, killed by revolt in New Mexico
  • 1850 Anthony van Hoboken, Dutch merchant and ship owner, dies at 93
  • 1867 Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, French painter (Valpincon Bather), dies at 86
  • 1872 Greyfriars Bobby, a Skye-Terrier who spent 14 years guarding the grave of his owner John Gray, dies at 16
  • 1874 Johann Philipp Reis, German Physicist and Inventor, dies of lung disease at 40
  • 1887 Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter, dies at 83
  • 1887 Peter Donders, Dutch Roman Catholic missionary to Suriname, dies at 77
  • 1892 Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, British prince (b. 1864)

Person of interestLewis Carroll

1898 Lewis Carroll, English writer (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland), dies at 65

Author and Mathematician Lewis Carroll
Author and Mathematician
Lewis Carroll
  • 1901 Charles Hermite, French mathematician (proof that e is transcendental), dies at 78
  • 1901 Mandell Creighton, British historian and a bishop of the Church of England, dies at 57
  • 1901 Victor Balaguer, Catalaans historian/politician/author, dies at 76
  • 1902 Cato M. Guldberg, Norwegian mathematician and chemist (law of mass action), dies at 65
  • 1905 Ernst Abbe, German physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), dies at 64
  • 1907 Sir James Fergusson, British politician, and governor of South Australia, New Zealand and Bombay (b. 1832)
  • 1908 Holger Drachmann, Danish writer (Modern Breakthrough Movement), dies at 61
  • 1909 Zinovy Rozhestvensky, Russian imperial navy admiral (Battle of Tsushima), dies at 60
  • 1912 Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Kant & Epigones), dies at 71
  • 1915 Richard Meux Benson, founder of Anglican religious order (b. 1824)
  • 1916 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist and sociologist (schedelmetingen), dies at 73
  • 1920 John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (Co-Founder of Dodge Brothers Company), dies at 55
  • 1923 Zübeyde Hanım, Mother of Turkish leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (b. 1857)
  • 1924 Arne Garborg, Norwegian playwright (Mannfolk), dies at 72
  • 1929 Cornelis W. Lely, Dutch Governor of Suriname (1902-05), dies at 74
  • 1931 William Ernst Johnson, British mathematician, dies
  • 1937 Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist, dies at 47
  • 1942 Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian writer (b. 1883)
  • 1944 Mohammed Emin Yurdakul, Turkish poet, dies at about 74
  • 1948 Anna "Ans" van Dike, Dutch Jewish Nazi-collaborator, executed at 42
  • 1956 Siegfried Frederick Nadel, Austrian-British anthropologist (Nuba), dies at 52
  • 1959 G. D. H. Cole, English political theorist and socialist, dies at 69
  • 1963 Gustav Regler, German writer, dies at 64
  • 1966 Sergei Korolev, Soviet Russian rocket engineer & spacecraft designer (Sputnik; Voskhod), dies during surgery at 59
  • 1968 Dorothea Mackellar, Australian poet (My Country) (b. 1885)
  • 1970 William Feller, Croatian mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1972 Frederik IX [Christiaan FFMKW], king of Denmark (1947-72), dies at 72
  • 1974 Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia parliament chairman, dies at 62
  • 1976 Abdul Razak bin Hussain, premier of Malaysia (1970-77), dies at 53

Person of interestAnthony Eden

1977 Anthony Eden, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1955-57) and Foreign Secretary, dies of liver cancer at 79

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
  • 1977 Anaïs Nin, French author (Henry and June), dies of cervical cancer at 73
  • 1978 Kurt Gödel, Austrian-American mathematician (Gödel's incompleteness theorems), dies at 71
  • 1979 Thomas DeSimone, gangster associate of the Lucchese crime family (b. 1950)
  • 1980 Robert Ardrey, American author (b. 1908)
  • 1981 John O'Grady, Australian writer (Nino Culotta) (b. 1907)
  • 1984 Mary Zeldenrust-Noordanus, Dutch sexuologist (NVSH), dies at 55
  • 1986 Walter Leblanc, Belgian painter, dies at 53

Person of interestGeorgy Malenkov

1988 Georgi Malenkov, Soviet leader who was briefly leader of the Soviet Union after Stalin's death (1953-55), dies in obscurity at 86

Soviet Leader Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Leader
Georgy Malenkov
  • 1990 Mani Madhava Chakyar, Koodiyattam artist and Sanskrit scholar (b. 1899)
  • 1991 Sallah Kharaf [Abu Iyad], co-founder (Al-Fatah), assassinated
  • 1991 Gordon Bryant, Australian politician (b. 1914)
  • 1993 Elisabeth Antoinette de Vreugd, chambermaid for Dutch Queen, dies at 98
  • 1993 Manfred Lachs, Polish lawyer (Intl Court of Justice), dies
  • 1994 Federica Montseny, anarchist/Sp minister of Health (1936), dies at 80
  • 1994 Zino Davidoff, Ukrainian businessman, dies at 87
  • 1995 Stafford WIlliam Somerfield, newspaper editor, dies at 84
  • 1996 Eric Briault, educationalist, dies at 84
  • 1997 Dollard Ménard, French Canadian general (b. 1913)
  • 1999 Jerzy Grotowski, Polish theatre director (b. 1933)
  • 2000 Charles Pick, British publisher (William Heinemann), dies at 82
  • 2001 Burkhard Heim, German physicist (b. 1925)
  • 2003 Koloman Sokol, Slovak painter, dies at 100
  • 2005 Charlotte MacLeod, American writer (b. 1922)
  • 2005 Conroy Maddox, English painter (b. 1912)
  • 2005 Rudolph Moshammer, German fashion designer (b. 1940)
  • 2005 Jesús-Rafael Soto, Venezuelan kinetic artist (b. 1923)
  • 2006 Jim Gary, American sculptor (b. 1939)
  • 2008 Judah Folkman, Surgeon that developed Angiogenesis (b. 1933)
  • 2009 Jan Kaplický, British architect of Czech origin, dies at 71
  • 2014 Juan Gelman, Argentine poet, dies at 84
  • 2017 Zhou Youguang [Zhou Yaoping], Chinese language scholar (father of pinyin), dies at 111