On This Day

On This Day in History for January 15

Events in History

  • 588 BC Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah's reign. The siege lasts until July 23, 586 BC.
  • 69 Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor, only rules for three months before committing suicide
  • 708 Sisinnius begins his reign as Pope (dies 20 days later)
  • 946 Caliph al-Mustaqfi blinded and ousted
  • 1346 Emperor Louis IV of Bavaria gives his wife Margaretha, Holland and Zealand

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1535 Henry VIII declares himself head of the Church in England

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

Victory in battleNew Settlement

1541 King Francis I of France commissions Jean-Francois Roberval to settle the province of New France

  • 1552 France signs secret treaty with German Protestants

CrownRoyal Coronation

1559 Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1562 3rd sitting of Council of Trente opens
  • 1582 Russia cedes Livonia & Estonia to Poland, loses access to Baltic
  • 1586 Battle at Boxum: Spanish troops under Tassis beat state army
  • 1752 Tobias Smollett publishes pamphlet accusing Henry Fielding of plagiarism
  • 1754 Riot at burial of Orangist leader Daniel Raap in Amsterdam

British Museum Opens its DoorsBritish Museum Opens its Doors

1759 British Museum opens in Montague House, London

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British Museum ticket from 1790
British Museum ticket from 1790
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  • 1762 Fraunces Tavern opens in NYC

  • 1777 People of New Connecticut (Vermont) declare independence from England
  • 1780 American Continental Congress establishes court of appeals
  • 1782 Robert Morris, Superintendent of Finance, recommends to U.S. Congress establishment of decimal coinage and a national mint
  • 1784 The Asiatic Society is founded by William Jones at a meeting in Calcutta's Fort William, India

'Terrifying' Top Hat Causes Sensation'Terrifying' Top Hat Causes Sensation

1797 1st top hat worn by John Etherington of London

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Queen Victoria looks uncertainly at her husband as Prince Albert tries out his new top hat
Queen Victoria looks uncertainly at her husband as Prince Albert tries out his new top hat
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  • 1815 War of 1812: the USS President, an American frigate, is captured by four British frigates
  • 1822 Greek War of Independence: Demetrius Ypsilanti is elected president of the legislative assembly.
  • 1831 1st US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run
  • 1831 1st US railroad honeymoon trip, Mr & Mrs Pierson, Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1833 HMS Beagle anchors at Goeree Tierra del Fuego
  • 1844 University of Notre Dame receives its charter in Indiana

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1846 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky's first novel "Poor Folk" is published in the St Petersburg Collection almanac

  • 1847 1st Swedish magazine in US, Skandinavia, published in NYC
  • 1851 General Mariano Arista replaces Mexican President José Joaquín de Herrera
  • 1857 1st first-class game in Sydney, NSW v Vic at The Domain

InventionHistoric Invention

1861 Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • 1863 1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
  • 1865 Second Battle of Fort Fisher: Union Navy bombards Fort Fisher, North Carolina, allowing Union troops to capture Confederacy's last remaining seaport [1]

USADemocratic Party Symbol

1870 Donkey first used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper's Weekly

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The American donkey, for over 100 years the symbol of the Democratic Party
The American donkey, for over 100 years the symbol of the Democratic Party
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  • 1876 "Die Afrikaanse Patriot", the first newspaper in Afrikaans, is published in Paarl

  • 1877 US Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens
  • 1882 1st US ski club forms (Berlin NH)
  • 1886 Weekly Herald, 1st newspaper in Vancouver, BC, publishes 1st issue
  • 1895 French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar
  • 1896 Henry Arthur Jones' "Michael & his Lost Angel" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud leads 40 men over the walls of Riyadh and takes the city, marking the beginning of the Third Saudi State

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1907 3-element vacuum tube patented by Dr Lee De Forest
  • 1907 Gold dental inlays first described by William Taggart, who invented them
  • 1908 C Hill & R J Hartigan make 8th wkt partnership 243 for Australia
  • 1908 Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority: first Greek-letter organization established by African American college for women
  • 1910 Constructions ends on the Buffalo Bill Dam in Wyoming
  • 1911 1st airplane bombing experiments with explosives at San Francisco
  • 1915 Japan claims economic control of China
  • 1919 Two million gallons of molasses flood Boston Massachusetts in the "Great Molasses Flood" when a storage tank burst, drowning 21 and injuring 150
  • 1919 Semana Tragica (Tragic Week): Bloodbath in Buenos Aires
  • 1919 W Collison & O Harbach's "Up in Mabel's Room" premieres in NYC
  • 1919 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps

IrelandAnglo-Irish Treaty

1922 Arthur Griffith is elected president of the Irish Free State after Eamon de Valera resigns in opposition to the Anglo-Irish Treaty (De Valera will lead a military opposition seeking a unified and independent Ireland)

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Signature page of the Anglo-Irish Treaty
Signature page of the Anglo-Irish Treaty
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  • 1924 3rd Dutch government Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
  • 1925 Hans Luther forms German government, with DNVP

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Tennessee Supreme Court overturns (on a technicality) John T. Scopes' guilty verdict for teaching evolution, but the law itself remains in force

Teacher Convicted for Teaching Evolution John T. Scopes
Teacher Convicted for Teaching Evolution
John T. Scopes
  • 1934 8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 die
  • 1934 While robbing the First National Bank in East Chicago, Indianapolis, Dillinger is shot several times by officer William O'Malley, but survives because he is wearing a bullet proof vest.
  • 1935 300 Dutch ice cream salesmen protest against Italian competition
  • 1935 Clifford Odets' "Waiting for Lefty" premieres in NYC
  • 1936 1st all-glass windowless structure in US completed, Toledo, Ohio
  • 1936 Non-profit Ford Foundation incorporates
  • 1937 Spanish Civil War: Second Battle of the Corunna Road ends after both forces withdraw
  • 1939 Municipal Railway & Market St RR begin service to Transbay Terminal
  • 1940 German U-Boot torpedoes Dutch merchant ship Arendskerk (Eagle's Church)
  • 1943 1st transport of Jews from Amsterdam to concentration camp Vught
  • 1943 World's largest office building, the Pentagon is completed to house the US military
  • 1943 1,000 workers complete air conditioning system for Pentagon
  • 1943 World War II: The Soviets begin a counter-offensive at Voronezh
  • 1944 European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 General Eisenhower arrives in England

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944 Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
  • 1945 Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg of sugar beets
  • 1945 Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp

USAManhattan Project

1945 The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory

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'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 The brutalized corpse of Elizabeth Short ("The Black Dahlia") found in Leimert Park, Los Angeles, California

Murder victim Elizabeth Short
Murder victim
Elizabeth Short
  • 1949 Mao's Red army conquers Ten-tsin
  • 1950 4,000 attend National Emergency Civil Rights Conference in Washington, D.C.
  • 1951 "Cloud of Death" rolls down Mount Lamington, New Guinea kills 3-5,000
  • 1951 Supreme Court rule "clear & present danger" of incitement to riot is not protected speech & can be a cause for arrest
  • 1951 Ilse Koch, also known as "The Bitch of Buchenwald", is sentenced to life imprisonment by a West German court
  • 1953 16 car Federal Express train loses brakes & crashes in Washington, D.C. station
  • 1953 East Germany's first Minister of Foreign Affairs, Georg Dertingen arrested for "espionage", beginning a purge of senior officials, accused of spying for 'imperialistic powers' and plotting against the state
  • 1955 1st official act of Princess Beatrice, launches tanker Vasum
  • 1955 USSR ends state of war with German Federal Republic
  • 1962 Dutch & Indonesian navy encounter in Etna Bay New Guinea
  • 1964 Teamsters negotiate 1st national labor contract
  • 1965 Washtenaw Community College in Ann Arbor, Michigan, forms
  • 1965 Soviet underground nuclear test creates the atomic lake Chagan, Kazakhstan
  • 1966 The First Nigerian Republic is overthrown in a military coup d'etat
  • 1966 Kaduna Nzeogwu and Emmanuel Ifeajuna lead a coup d'état in Nigeria, the Prime Minister of Nigeria and other senior political and military figures are killed
  • 1969 Nuclear test at Pacific Ocean
  • 1969 Soyuz 5 launched by Soviet Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Prime Minister of Northern Ireland Terence O'Neill announces that an official inquiry will analyse the 'troubles' in Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill
Northern Ireland Prime Minister
Terence O'Neill
  • 1970 Nigerian civil war officially ends after 2 1/2 years of fighting when the Republic of Biafra disbands and joins Nigeria
  • 1970 Riots break out in the Ardoyne area of Belfast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Muammar Gaddafi is proclaimed premier of Libya

Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • 1971 Aswan Dam official opens in Egypt
  • 1973 4 Watergate burglars plead guilty in federal court

Birthdays in History


Person of interestJoan of Arc

1412 Joan of Arc, Roman Catholic Saint and national heroine of France (legendary date), born in Domrémy, duchy of Bar, France (d. 1431)

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1432 Afonso V, King of Portugal (1438-1481), born in Sintra National Palace, Portugal (d. 1481)
  • 1481 Ashikaga Yoshizumi, Japanese shogun (d. 1511)
  • 1507 Johann Oporinus, Swiss book publisher (Koran), born in Basel (d. 1568)
  • 1538 Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general, born in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan (d. 1599)
  • 1622 Molière [Jean-Baptiste Poquelin], French playwright (The Misanthrope), born in Paris, Kingdom of France (d. 1673)
  • 1671 Abraham de la Pryme, English antiquarian, born in Hatfield (d. 1704)
  • 1716 Philip Livingston, American businessman & politician (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Albany, New York (d. 1778)
  • 1747 John Aikin, English doctor and writer, born in Kibworth Harcourt, United Kingdom (d. 1822)
  • 1754 Richard Martin, Irish politician & animal rights activist, born in Ballynahinch Castle, Ireland (d. 1834)
  • 1779 Jean Coralli, French ballet producer & choreographer, born in Paris, France
  • 1791 Franz Gillparzer, Austrian tragic dramatist (Golden Fleece), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1872)
  • 1795 Willem de Clerq, Dutch merchant & man of letters, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1844)
  • 1795 Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1829)
  • 1798 Thomas Crofton Croker, Irish story teller (Fairy legends), born in Cork, Ireland (d. 1854)
  • 1803 Marjory Fleming, Scottish writer & poet, born in Kirkcaldy, United Kingdom (d. 1811)
  • 1809 Cornelia Connelly, American foundress (Society of the Holy Child Jesus), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1879)
  • 1809 Pierre Joseph Proudhon, French politician & philosopher ("father of anarchism"), born in Besançon, France (d. 1865)
  • 1812 Peter C Asbjornsen, Norwegian fairy tale writer, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1885)
  • 1813 James Marion Sims, American physician & surgical pioneer (vesicovaginal operation), born in Lancaster County, South Carolina (d. 1883)
  • 1815 Henry Morris Naglee, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1886)
  • 1816 Marie LaFarge, French murderer, born in Paris, France (d. 1852)
  • 1817 Lewis Golding Arnold, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Perth Amboy, New Jersey (d. 1871)
  • 1821 Lafayette McLaws, United States Army officer and Confederate general, born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1897)
  • 1824 Marie Duplessis [Alphonsine Rose Plessis], French courtesan, born in Nonant-le-Pin, Normandy, France (d. 1847)
  • 1826 Mikhail Saltykov, Russian satirist (Family of Noblemen), born in Spas-Ugol, Russia (d. 1889)
  • 1842 Blessed Mary McKillop, Australian nun & candidate for sainthood, born in Fitzroy, Australia (d. 1909)
  • 1842 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1925)
  • 1845 Ella Flagg Young, American educator & 1st woman pres. (National Educational Association), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1918)
  • 1850 Mihail Eminesco [Eminovici], Romanian poet (Samanul Dionis), born in Botoșani, Romania (d. 1889)
  • 1850 Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1891)
  • 1858 Giovanni Segantini, Italian painter, born in Arco, Italy (d. 1899)
  • 1859 Archibald Peake, Premier of South Australia, born in Chelsea, London (d. 1920)
  • 1863 Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1944)
  • 1863 Wilhelm Marx, German lawyer & politician, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1946)
  • 1864 Frances Benjamin Johnston, American photographer, born in Grafton West Virginia (d. 1952)
  • 1866 Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop & recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 1931)
  • 1868 Noach Zjordanija, Georgian veterinarian/premier (1918-21)
  • 1869 Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1907)
  • 1870 Johan Peter Koch, Danish captain & explorer (Greenland), born in Vestenskov, Denmark (d. 1928)
  • 1870 Pierre S. du Pont, American businessman, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1954)
  • 1872 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer, born in Terek Oblast (d. 1944)
  • 1873 Max Adler, Austria jurist & social philosopher (Austromarxism), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1937)

Person of interestIbn Saud

1875 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd (d. 1953)

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1877 Lewis Terman, American psychologist (developed Stanford-Binet IQ test), born in Johnson County, Indiana (d. 1956)
  • 1879 Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author, born in Newmarket, Canada (d. 1961)
  • 1882 Florian Znaniecki, Polish philosopher & sociologist, born in Świątniki, Poland (d. 1958)
  • 1882 Princess Margaret of Sweden, born in Surrey, England (d. 1920)
  • 1885 Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician, born in Wolfurt, Austria (d. 1973)
  • 1885 Huang Yuanyong, Chinese writer, born in Jiujiang, China (d. 1915)
  • 1888 Joseph Henabery, American director (Cobra), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1976)
  • 1891 Osip Mandelstam, Russian poet (Noise of Time), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1938)
  • 1892 Rex Ingram [Reginald Hitchcock], Irish director (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1950)
  • 1893 Dragisa Cvetkovic, Serbian premiere of Yugoslavia (1939-4.)
  • 1894 Edmond Rubbens, Belgian attorney and politician, born in Zele, Belgium (d. 1938)
  • 1895 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1897 Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet (d. 1931)
  • 1900 Caesar Domela, Dutch painter (Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis son), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1902 Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1953-64), born in Kuwait City (d. 1969)
  • 1902 Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (Tosun Pasa, The Passenger), born in Salonica, Ottoman Empire (d. 1963)
  • 1903 Paul A. Dever, 58th Governor of Massachusetts, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1906 Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate, born in Konak, Turkey (d. 1975)

Person of interestEdward Teller

1908 Edward Teller, Hungarian-American physicist, father of the Hydrogen bomb (Manhattan Project), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2003)

Physicist Edward Teller
Physicist
Edward Teller
  • 1909 Jean Bugatti, German-born automobile designer, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1911 Cy Feuer, Broadway producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus Line), born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1911 Wim Kan, Dutch cabaret artist, born in South Holland, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • 1912 Michel Debré, French politician, born in Paris, France (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Alexander Marinesko, captain of the S-13 submarine, which sank the German ship Wilhelm Gustloff (d. 1963)
  • 1914 Hugh Trevor-Roper, English historian (The Last Days of Hitler), born in Glanton, England (d. 2003)
  • 1916 Mikki Doyle, American journalist & editor, born in New York (d. 1995)
  • 1918 André Donner, Dutch jurist (constitutional law), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)

Person of interestGamal Abdel Nasser

1918 Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt (1954-1971), born in Bakos, Egypt (d. 1970)

President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser
President of Egypt
Gamal Abdel Nasser
  • 1918 João Figueiredo, President of Brazil, born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1999)
  • 1920 John O'Connor, Roman Catholic Archbishop of NY, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2000)
  • 1920 John Junor, Scottish journalist (Sunday Express), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1997)
  • 1922 Sir Eric Willis, Australian politician, born in Murwillumbah, Australia (d. 1999)
  • 1923 Lee Teng-hui, Taiwanese statesman (Taiwan's 1st popularly elected President 1988–2000), born in Sanzhi, Taiwan (d. 2020) [1]
  • 1923 Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet, born in Glasgow, United Kingdom (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Florence Buchsbaum, French theater director, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1996)

Person of interestMartin Luther King Jr.

1929 Martin Luther King Jr., American clergyman and leader of the Civil Rights Movement (Nobel 1964), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1968)

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1931 Derek Meddings, British special effects technician, born in St. Pancras, London (d. 1995)
  • 1933 Ernest J. Gaines, African-American author, born in Oscar, Louisiana
  • 1935 Robert Silverberg, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Regan's Planet), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1936 Concepcion Picciotto, American peace activist (longest political protest in US history, outside The White House), born in Vigo, Spain (d. 2016)
  • 1945 Vince Foster, American lawyer, born in Hope, Arkansas (d. 1993)
  • 1945 William R. Higgins, USMC colonel, born in Danville, Kentucky (d. 1990)
  • 1945 Princess Michael of Kent, British royal, born in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic
  • 1947 Andrea Martin, American comedienne (SCTV, Club Paradise), born in Portland, Maine
  • 1948 Dini Petty, Canadian talk show host (CITY-TV), born in Kingston upon Thames, United Kingdom
  • 1953 Kent Hovind, American evangelist
  • 1954 Jose Dalisay Jr., Filipino writer, born in Romblon, Philippines
  • 1956 Mayawati, Indian politician, born in New Delhi, India
  • 1957 Patrick Dixon, English entrepreneur, born in London, United Kingdom
  • 1957 David Inge, American politician, Governor of Hawaii (2014-), born in Pearl City, Hawaii
  • 1958 Boris Tadić, President of Serbia, born in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 1959 Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian climber, born in Setnica, Slovenia (d. 2008)
  • 1962 Creflo Dollar, American televangelist, born in College Park, Georgia
  • 1963 Erling Kagge, Norwegian explorer (South Pole), born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1975 Edith Bowman, Scottish television and radio presenter, born in Anstruther, United Kingdom
  • 1982 Prince Philip and Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia, born in Fairfax, Virginia

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

1930 Businesswoman Estee Mentzer (23) weds businessman Joseph Lauter (later Lauder)

Cosmetics Company Founder Estée Lauder
Cosmetics Company Founder
Estée Lauder

Deaths in History

  • 69 Galba [Servius Sulpicius Galba], 6th emperor of Rome (68-69), lynched by his successor Otho at 70
  • 570 Saint Ita, Irish nun (b. 475)
  • 936 King Rudolph of France (923-936), dies at 45 or 46
  • 1208 Peter of Castelnau, French nobleman, murdered
  • 1345 Martin Zaccaria, Italo-Greek ruler
  • 1595 Murat III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1546)
  • 1597 Juan de Herrera, Spanish Renaissance architect and mathematician (El Escorial, Vallododid Cathedral), dies (b. c. 1530)
  • 1672 John Cosin, English clergyman, dies at 77
  • 1683 Philip Warwick, English writer and politician (b. 1609)
  • 1684 Caspar Netscher, Dutch portrait painter, dies at about 48
  • 1705 Walraad, the Young, earl of Nassau-Ottweiler/gov of Nijmegen, dies
  • 1781 Marianne Victoria of Borbón, queen regent of Portugal (b. 1718)
  • 1783 William Alexander, Lord Stirling, American general (American Revolutionary War leader), dies at 57
  • 1790 John Landen, English mathematician (b. 1719)
  • 1804 Dru Drury, English entomologist (b. 1725)
  • 1815 Emma, Lady Hamilton, English mistress of Lord Nelson, dies of liver failure at 49
  • 1833 Banastre Tarleton, British soldier and politician (Waxhaws Massacre), dies at 78
  • 1863 David Rumph Jones, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 37
  • 1866 M T d'Azeglio, writer, dies
  • 1876 Eliza Johnson, U.S. First Lady (b. 1810)
  • 1885 Levin Minn Powell, American Commander (Union Navy), dies at 81
  • 1896 Matthew B Brady, US photographer (Civil War), dies at about 72
  • 1902 Alpheus Hyatt, American zoologist and paleontologist, dies at 63
  • 1909 Ernest von Wildenbruch, German playwright (Das Edle Blut), dies at 63
  • 1909 Arnold Janssen missionary (b. 1837)
  • 1915 Fannie Farmer, American culinary pioneer who revolutionised modern cooking through the introduction of precise measurements (Boston Cooking-School Cook Book), dies of complications of a stroke at 57
  • 1916 Modest Tchaikovsky, Russian writer (b. 1850)
  • 1919 Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), murdered at 47
  • 1919 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, murdered by the Freikorps at 47
  • 1922 John Kirk Barry, Dr/explorer David Livingstone's companion, dies at 89
  • 1932 Georg Kerschensteiner, German educationalist, dies at 77
  • 1934 Patrick O'Malley, US policeman, killed by John Dillinger

MurderElizabeth Short

1947 Elizabeth Short, American victim in the Black Dahlia case, murdered at 22

Murder victim Elizabeth Short
Murder victim
Elizabeth Short
  • 1949 Pompeo Aloisi, Italian baron, diplomat and senator, dies at 63
  • 1950 Gen Henry "Hap" Arnold, U.S. General of the Air Force (b. 1886)
  • 1950 Henry "Hap" Arnold, American commanding general, US Army Air Force (WWII), dies at 63
  • 1952 Ned Hanlon, Premier of Queensland (b. 1887)
  • 1955 Yves Tanguy, French-American sailor/surrealistic painter, dies
  • 1965 Pierre Ngendandumwe, premier of Burundi, murdered
  • 1967 David Burliuk, Ukrainian artist (b. 1882)
  • 1968 Leopold Infeld, Polish nuclear physcist (Motion & Relativity), dies at 69
  • 1969 Theodor Werner, German painter, dies at 82
  • 1972 Margaret "Daisy" Ashford, British child author who wrote "The Young Visiters" (Mister Salteena's Plan) aged 9, dies at 90
  • 1973 Ivan Petrovsky, Russian mathematician (b. 1901)
  • 1978 Margaret Bowman & Janet Levy, Chi Omega, FSU, killed by Ted Bundy
  • 1981 Emanuel Celler, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), dies at 92

Person of interestMeyer Lansky

1983 Meyer Lansky, Polish-born American mobster known as the "Mob's Accountant", dies of lung cancer at 80

Mobster Meyer Lansky
Mobster
Meyer Lansky
  • 1987 Gerrit Borgers, Dutch literary, dies at 69

Person of interestSeán MacBride

1988 Seán MacBride, Chief of Staff of the Irish Republican Army and founder of Amnesty International (Nobel 1974), dies at 83

Irish Politician and Chief of Staff of the IRA Seán MacBride
Irish Politician and Chief of Staff of the IRA
Seán MacBride
  • 1993 Huub Jacobse [Hendrik Hubert Jacobse], Dutch politician (VVD), dies at 68
  • 1993 Ken Cory, dies of AIDS at 51
  • 1996 Moshoeshoe II, King of Lesotho (1966-90), dies at 51
  • 1996 Richard Cobb, British historian, dies at 78
  • 1997 Jose Ignacio Domecq, Spanish wine maker, dies at 82
  • 1997 Kenneth Thimann, English American botanist (Balzan Prize), dies at 92
  • 1998 Gulzarilal Nanda, Indian politician and economist. temporary Prime Minister of India (1964, 1966), dies at 99
  • 2000 Georges-Henri Lévesque, Canadian Dominican priest and sociologist (b. 1903)
  • 2000 Arkan [Željko Ražnatović], Serbian paramilitary leader, dies at 47
  • 2001 Bob Braun, American TV and radio personality (Dotty Mack Show), dies at 71
  • 2005 Elizabeth Janeway, American author (b. 1913)
  • 2005 Walter Ernsting, German author (b. 1920)
  • 2006 Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait, dies at 79
  • 2007 Bo Yibo, Chinese politician (b. 1908)
  • 2007 James Hillier, Canadian-American inventor (co-created the electron microscope), dies at 91
  • 2007 Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino writer and diplomat (b. 1905)
  • 2007 Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief judge of the Iraqi Revolutionary Court (b. 1945) (executed)
  • 2008 Mark Haigh-Hutchinson, English Game Designer (Zombies Ate My Neighbors), dies of cancer (b. 1964)
  • 2010 Marshall Warren Nirenberg, Jewish-American biochemist and geneticist (Nobel 1968), dies at 82
  • 2012 Edward Derwinski, Chicago congressman 1959-83 and first Secretary of Veteran Affairs, dies of cancer at 85
  • 2013 Jennings Michael Burch, American writer (They Cage the Animals at Night), dies at 71
  • 2018 Mathilde Krim, American medical researcher and founding chairman of amfAR (Foundation for AIDS Research), dies at 91
  • 2018 Joe Frank [Joseph Langermann], American radio personality (KCRW), dies of cancer at 79