On This Day

On This Day in History for January 16

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

27 BC The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate

Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
  • 550 Gothic War (535-552): The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison
  • 929 Caliphate of Cordoba is established by Emir Abd-al-Rahman III
  • 1120 The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem
  • 1219 Floods in Northern Netherlands after storm, thousands killed
  • 1362 A great storm tide in the North Sea destroys the German island of Strand and the city of Rungholt
  • 1412 The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy
  • 1492 The first grammar of a modern language, Spanish, is presented to Queen Isabella.

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1493 Christopher Columbus leaves the New World and sets sail for Spain

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus

DiscoveryVoyage of Discovery

1501 Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral and 6 ships begin their return voyage to Lisbon

  • 1531 English Reformation parliament's 2nd sitting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1547 Ivan IV the Terrible (17) crowns himself first tsar of Moscow

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • 1556 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V appoints his son Philip II, King of Spain
  • 1572 Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England
  • 1581 English parliament passes laws against Catholicism

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1605 The first edition of "El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha" (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid

  • 1707 The Act of Union is ratified by the Scottish Parliament
  • 1749 Hoax article advertising fictitious theatrical performer "The Bottle Conjuror" drew huge crowds to the Haymarket Theatre, London, whose inevitable non-appearance caused a riot. It's alleged the Duke of Montagu perpetrated the fiasco to win a bet
  • 1756 Britain & Prussia sign Treaty of Westminster
  • 1761 The British capture Pondicherry, India, from the French.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1765 Charles Messier catalogs M41 (galactic cluster in Canis Major)

Astronomer Charles Messier
Charles Messier
  • 1776 Continental Congress approves enlistment of free blacks
  • 1777 Vermont declares independence from New York
  • 1780 Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir George Rodney defeats Spanish squadron under Don Juan de Lángara

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1793 French King Louis XVI sentenced to death by the National Convention during the French Revolution

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton
Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet
  • 1795 French army under Pichegru occupies Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1809 Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna
  • 1819 Godert Alexander Gerard Philip, Baron van der Capellen, becomes Governor-General of Dutch East Indies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1832 Charles Darwin lands at Porto Prayo in the Cape Verde islands, the first landing of his HMS Beagle voyage

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1847 John C. Frémont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory
  • 1862 Hartley Colliery disaster results in 204 deaths
  • 1863 -Aug 23rd) Cruise of CSS Florida
  • 1864 Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge, Tennessee
  • 1865 Munitions magazine explodes at Fort Fisher, North Carolina, killing or injuring 200 soldiers, carelessness of drunken soldiers blamed. [1]
  • 1865 General William Sherman issues Field Order #15 (land for blacks)
  • 1865 San Francisco Dramatic Chronicle starts
  • 1868 Refrigerator car patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit
  • 1870 Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • 1871 Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
  • 1877 Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop
  • 1878 Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule
  • 1879 January record 13" of snow falls in NYC (broken Jan 7, 1996)
  • 1883 Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system
  • 1887 Cliff House damaged when powder cargo of schooner "Parallel" explodes
  • 1889 128°F (53°C), Cloncurry, Queensland (Australian record)
  • 1896 Defeat of Cymru Fydd at South Wales Liberal Federation AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1897 John Dewey's essay "My Pedagogic Creed" appears in School Journal

Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer
John Dewey
  • 1900 The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands
  • 1900 The US gains control over Tutuila in Samoa and several smaller Pacific islands
  • 1906 -Apr 13] Conference of Algeciras (about Morocco)
  • 1908 Pinnacles National Monument, California established
  • 1909 British explorers David, Mawson & Mackay reach south magnetic pole as part of the Nimrod Expedition
  • 1911 Pandora becomes 1st 2-man sailboat to round Cape Horn west to east
  • 1913 British House of Commons accepts Home Rule for Ireland (but the Great War gets in the way of it happening)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Writer Maxim Gorky returns to Russia

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1915 Congress authorizes $1 & $50 Panama-Pacific Intl Expo gold coin
  • 1917 The Greek Government accepts reparations for Allied losses sustained in recent actions in Greece
  • 1917 "Zimmermann Telegram" is sent from Germany to Mexico, stating in the event of the US entering World War I on the allied side, Mexico would be given Texas, Arizona and New Mexico. Intercepted by British intelligence and partially deciphered by the next day. It's release in March shifts US public opinion in favor of war against Germany.
  • 1918 Austria and Germany are disrupted by strikes as people express impatience with leaders continuing the war

USAProhibition is Ratified

1919 The 18th Amendment to the US Constitution, authorizing the prohibition of alcohol, is ratified by a majority of US states

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The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which established prohibition
The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which established prohibition
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  • 1920 1st assembly of the League of Nations is held in Paris
  • 1920 Georgia declares independence
  • 1920 Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated is founded at Howard University

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1921 Eleftherios Venizelos becomes Prime Minister of Greece (4th time)

Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos
Greek Prime Minister
Eleftherios Venizelos

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 British Government of Stanley Baldwin resigns

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • 1936 1st photo finish camera installed at Hialeah Race track in Hialeah, Florida
  • 1936 Spanish socialists, communists and anarchists form Unidad Popular
  • 1939 Daily newspaper comic strip "Superman" debuts
  • 1939 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) begins a 14 month long bombing campaign in England

Sinking ShipAttack on Pearl Harbor

1941 US vice admiral Bellinger warns of an assault on Pearl Harbor

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USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
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  • 1941 War Department forms first Army Air Corps squadron for black cadets
  • 1942 William Knudsen becomes 1st civilian appointed a general in US army
  • 1943 -60°F (-51°C), Island Park Dam, Idaho (state record)
  • 1943 1st US air raid on Ambon
  • 1943 German 2nd SS-Panzer division evacuates Charkow
  • 1943 Red Army recaptures Pitomnik airport at Stalingrad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 General Eisenhower takes command of Allied Invasion Force in London

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1945 Scottish 52nd land division and 1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
  • 1945 US 1st & 3rd army meet at Houffalise

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Adolf Hitler moves into the Fuhrerbunker, his underground bunker in Berlin

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1947 Vincent Aurial elected President of France
  • 1948 35 Haganah members are ambushed & killed in Gush Etzyon
  • 1950 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands recognize Israel
  • 1951 Viet Minh offensive against Hanoi
  • 1951 World's largest gas pipeline opens (Brownsville Texas, to 134th St, New York City)
  • 1952 New Dutch bible translation finished
  • 1953 Egyptian Premier General Naguib disbands all political parties

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Egyptian President Nasser pledges to reconquer Palestine

President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser
President of Egypt
Gamal Abdel Nasser
  • 1957 3 B-52s leave California for 1st non-stop round world flights
  • 1958 William Gibson's "Two for the Seesaw" premieres in NYC
  • 1961 Russian espionage ring detected in Great Britain
  • 1962 Suit accuses NYC Board of Education uses "racial quotas"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Khrushchev claims to have a 100-megaton nuclear bomb

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Tennessee Williams' "Milk Train Doesn't Stop Here Anymore" premieres

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • 1964 AL owners vote 9-1 against Charlie Finley moving KC A's to Louisville
  • 1965 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1966 Harold R Perry becomes 2nd black Roman Catholic bishop in US
  • 1966 Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi seizes power in the chaos caused by a military coup and becomes the Nigerian Head of State
  • 1967 1st black government installed in Bahamas led by Lynden Pindling as leader of the Progressive Liberal Party
  • 1967 Lucius Amerson, becomes 1st southern (Alabama) African American sheriff in 20th century

Birthdays in History

  • 1245 Edmund Crouchback, English prince and son of Henry III of England, born in London (d. 1296)
  • 1409 René of Anjou, King of Naples (1435-42) and last heir of the House of Anjou, born in Château d'Angers, Angers, Anjou, France (d. 1480)
  • 1477 Johannes Schöner, German polymath, astronomer and cartographer (Schöner globes), born in Karlstadt am Main, Lower Franconia, Bavaria (d. 1547)
  • 1501 Anthony Denny, English knight of the shire and confidant of King Henry VIII of England, born in England (d. 1559)
  • 1587 Alexander Adriaenssen, Flemish painter known for his still lifes of fish and game pieces, born in Antwerp (d. 1661)
  • 1616 François de Vendôme, duc de Beaufort, French soldier (d. 1669)
  • 1626 Lucas Achtschellinck, Flemish landscape painter (Wooded Landscape), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1699)
  • 1634 Dorthe Engelbrechtsdatter, Norwegian poet (d. 1716)
  • 1675 Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (Mémoires), born in Paris (d. 1755)
  • 1697 Richard Savage, English poet and playwright (d. 1743) date not proven
  • 1749 Vittorio Alfieri, Italian count, dramatist and poet (Maria Stuarda) who is considered the founder of Italian tragedy, born in Asti, Italy (d. 1803)
  • 1757 Samuel McIntire, woodcarver/architect (architect of Salem)
  • 1807 Charles Henry Davis, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1877)
  • 1815 Henry Wagner "Old Brains" Halleck, American expert in military studies and Major General (Union Army), born in Oneida County, New York (d. 1872)
  • 1834 Albert Lindley Lee, American lawyer, Kansas State Supreme Court Judge, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Fulton, New York (d. 1907)
  • 1836 King Francis II of the Two Sicilies (d. 1894)
  • 1837 James Phillip Simms, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1887)
  • 1838 Franz Brentano, German philosopher & psychologist, born in Rhine Province, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1844 Ismail Qemali, Albanian nationalist (d. 1919)

Person of interestAndré Michelin

1853 Andre Michelin, French industrialist, tire manufacturer (Michelin) and publisher of the Michelin Guide, born in Paris (d. 1931)

Industrialist and Publisher André Michelin
Industrialist and Publisher
André Michelin
  • 1853 Gen Sir Ian Hamilton, British military commander (d. 1947)
  • 1853 Vladimir Sergeyevich Solovyov, Russian philosopher, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1900)
  • 1870 Wilhelm Normann, German chemist (hardening of oils)
  • 1873 Boyd Alexander, English explorer
  • 1874 Robert W. Service, English-Canadian poet (Cremation of Sam McGee), born in Lancashire, England (d. 1958)
  • 1875 Leonor Michaelis, German enzyme kinetic theorist (d. 1947)
  • 1878 Robert Garbe, German poet (Gorniek)
  • 1885 Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz, president of Poland (1939-40)
  • 1885 Zhou Zuoren, Chinese writer (d. 1967)
  • 1888 Osip Brik, Russian writer (d. 1945)
  • 1895 Nat Schachner, American author (d. 1955)
  • 1897 Carlos Pellicer, Mexican poet, born in Villahermosa, Tabasco (d. 1977)
  • 1900 Edith Frank, mother of Holocaust diarist Anne Frank, born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1945)

Person of interestFulgencio Batista

1901 Fulgencio Batista, Dictator and President of Cuba (1933-44, 1952-59), born in Banes, Cuba (d. 1973)

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • 1901 Frank Zamboni, American inventor (d. 1988)
  • 1906 Clement Greenberg, art critic
  • 1907 Phillip Humphrey Vellacott, classicist
  • 1907 Paul Nitze, American government official (d. 2004)
  • 1908 Günther Prien, German World War II submarine captain (d. 1941)
  • 1910 David McCampbell, US Navy captain, fighter pilot, and Medal of Honor recipient (WW II, Pacific theatre, downed 34 Japanese planes), born in Bessemer, Alabama (d. 1996)
  • 1911 Gilbert Gadoffre, French scholar
  • 1912 Franz Tumler, Austrian author/novelist (Cloak, Aufruf)
  • 1914 Roger Aubert, Belgian church historian (Le Pontificat de Pie IX)
  • 1916 Frederick Stewart, Scottish geologist, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 2001)
  • 1917 Carl Karcher, founded the Carl's Jr. hamburger chain (d. 2008)
  • 1918 Nel Benschop, Dutch poet (d. 2005)
  • 1918 Clem Jones, Lord Mayor of Brisbane, Australia (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Francesco Scavullo, American celebrity photographer, born in Staten Island, New York (d. 2004)
  • 1923 Willem Aantjes, Dutch political leader (CDA)
  • 1923 Anthony Hecht, American poet (d. 2004)
  • 1926 John "Jack" Layden, local politician
  • 1928 John William Fozard, aircraft designer
  • 1928 William Kennedy, American writer
  • 1929 Allard Lowenstein, radical (Students for Democratic Action)
  • 1930 Norman Podhoretz, American neoconservative pundit (NY Post), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1930 Clarence Ray Allen, American murderer, born in Blair, Oklahoma (d. 2006)
  • 1931 Johannes Rau, German politician, born in Wuppertal, Germany (d. 2006)
  • 1932 Dian Fossey, American zoologist (Gorillas in the Mist), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1985)
  • 1932 Jim Berry, American cartoonist (Berry's World), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2015)
  • 1933 Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 12, 18A, 27, T-3), born in Udomlya, Russia (d. 2003)
  • 1934 William Vollie Alexander Jr., American politician (Rep-D-AR, 1969- ), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1942 Tony P. Hall, American politician (Rep-D-OH, 1979- ), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • 1942 James "Jimmy" Grashow, American sculptor and woodcut artist, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1944 Chris de Marigny, painter/designer
  • 1946 Michael L. Coats, Capt USN/astr (STS 41-D, 29, 39), born in Sacramento, California
  • 1947 Georgette Mosbacher, American CEO (La Prairie cosmetics), born in Highland, Indiana
  • 1947 Magdalen Nabb, British author, born in Lancashire, United Kingdom (d. 2007)
  • 1947 Harvey Proctor, British politician, born in Pontefract, United Kingdom
  • 1948 Anatoli Yakovlevich Solovyov, Soviet cosmonaut (TM-5,9,15,26, STS 71), born in Riga, Latvia
  • 1948 Dalvanius Prime, New Zealand entertainer, born in Patea, New Zealand (d. 2002)
  • 1948 Ruth Reichl, American magazine editor, born in Greenwich Village, New York
  • 1950 Brian Castro, Australian author, born in Hong Kong
  • 1952 Lloyd Blaine Hammond Jr., Major USAF/astr (STS 39, 64), born in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1952 Roberta Baskin, American correspondent (48 Hours), born in New York, United States
  • 1952 Fuad II of Egypt, last King of Egypt and Sudan (1952-53), born in Abdeen Palace, Cairo, Egypt
  • 1953 Robert Jay Mathews, American neo-Nazi, born in Marfa, Texas (d. 1984)
  • 1955 Jerry M. Linenger, American astronaut (STS 81/84), born in Mt Clemens, Michigan
  • 1956 Ivan Safronov, Russian journalist, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 2007)
  • 1956 Saadeddine Othmani, Moroccan politician and Prime Minister of Morocco (2017-present), born in Inezgane, Morocco
  • 1958 Anatoli Boukreev, Kazakhstani-Russian mountaineer, born in Korkino, Russia (d. 1997)
  • 1958 Lena Ek, Swedish politician, born in Mönsterås, Sweden
  • 1959 Juanita Bynum, American televangelist, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1962 Joel Fitzgibbon, Australian Labor Party politician, born in Bellingen, Australia
  • 1970 Garth Ennis, Irish comic book author, born in Holywood, United Kingdom
  • 1975 Greg Strause, American visual effects creator, born in Waukegan, Illinois
  • 1985 Jonathan Richter, Danish professional football midfielder, born in Denmark
  • 1987 Cassey Ho, American social media fitness entrepreneur, born in Los Angeles, California

Weddings in History

  • 1325 Laure de Noves, beloved of Petrarch, marries Hugues de Sade

LoveWedding of Interest

1864 White chapel murder victim and possible Jack the Ripper victim Mary Ann Nichols (18) weds printer's machinist William Nichols

First Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann Nichols
First Victim of Jack the Ripper
Mary Ann Nichols
  • 1865 Confederate Brigadier-General John Pegram marries Hetty Cary (US Civil War)

LoveWedding of Interest

1921 Politician Elpidio Quirino (30) weds girlfriend Alicia Syquia

6th President of the Philippines Elpidio Quirino
6th President of the Philippines
Elpidio Quirino

LoveWedding of Interest

1954 Painter Marcel Duchamp (66) weds Alexina "Tweeny" Matisse (48) in New York City

Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp

Deaths in History

  • 308 Marcellus I, Catholic Pope (-308), dies
  • 429 Honoratius of Arles, bishop/saint, dies [or 430]
  • 960 Polyeuctus, Patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1343 Robert of Anjou, king (Naples), dies
  • 1400 John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, English politician, executed at around 47 or 48 after the failure of the Epiphany Rising conspiracy against King Henry IV
  • 1545 George Spalatin, German humanist, reformer and important figure in the Reformation, dies at 60
  • 1547 Johannes Schöner, German polymath, astronomer and cartographer (Schöner globes), dies at 70
  • 1554 Christiern Pedersen, Danish humanist (b. 1480)
  • 1585 Edward Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln, English admiral (b. 1512)
  • 1595 Murad III, sultan of Turkey (1574-95), dies at 48
  • 1659 Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer, dies at 78
  • 1710 Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (b. 1675)
  • 1711 Joseph Vaz, Oratorian priest and missionary in Ceylon, dies at 59
  • 1747 Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet (b. 1680)
  • 1748 Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (b. 1684)
  • 1750 Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshal, dies at 82
  • 1752 Francis Blomefield, English topographer (History of Norfolk), dies at 46

Person of interestEdward Gibbon

1794 Edward Gibbon, English historian (The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire), dies in London at 56

Historian Edward Gibbon
Edward Gibbon
  • 1809 Sir John Moore, British General, at the Battle of Corunna (b. 1761)
  • 1817 Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman and financier, dies at 57
  • 1834 Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician (b. 1769)
  • 1842 Thomas Freanby, Norwegian landscape painter, dies
  • 1849 Wilhelm M L de Wette, German theologist, dies at 69
  • 1856 Thaddeus William Harris, American naturalist (b. 1795)
  • 1879 Octave Crémazie, French Canadian poet, dies at 51
  • 1885 Edmond François Valentin About, French writer (Le Roi des montagnes), dies at 56
  • 1886 Jacob Kats, Flemish writer (Earthly Paradise), dies at 81
  • 1892 Imakita Kosen, Zen teacher/abbot of Engagkuji monastery, dies
  • 1893 Johan Philip Koelman, painter/sculptor/architect, dies at 74
  • 1898 Charles Pelham Villiers, longest-serving MP in the British House of Commons (b. 1802)
  • 1899 Charles Chiniquy, Canadian Catholic priest who left the Roman Catholic Church and became a Presbyterian minister, dies at 89

Person of interestHiram R. Revels

1901 Hiram R. Revels, American politician, 1st African American Senator, dies at 73

Minister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels
Minister and US Senator
Hiram R. Revels
  • 1901 Arnold Böcklin, Swiss painter (b. 1827)
  • 1906 Marshall Field, American entrepreneur and the founder of Marshall Field and Company, dies at 71
  • 1912 Georg Heym, German writer, dies in an ice skating accident at 24
  • 1913 Thaddeus S. C. Lowe, American aeronaut and inventor, dies at 80
  • 1916 Arnold Aletrino, Dut physician-criminologist (From Death), dies at 57

Person of interestGeorge Dewey

1917 George Dewey, U.S. Admiral of the Navy, won Battle of Manila Bay, dies at 79

Admiral George Dewey
George Dewey
  • 1919 Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, President of Brazil (b. 1848)
  • 1924 Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (b. 1859)
  • 1924 Maurice de Plessys, French poet (Palace Occidental), dies at 59
  • 1935 Ma Barker, American criminal (b. 1871)
  • 1936 Albert Fish, American serial killer, executed at 65
  • 1938 Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian Bengali novelist (Devdas), dies at 61
  • 1942 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor General of Canada (1911-16), dies at 91
  • 1943 Franz Courtens, Flemish painter (Sunny Lane), dies at 88
  • 1945 Dennis Donnini, British rifleman (Victoria Cross), dies in battle at 19
  • 1954 Michail M Prishvin, Russian writer, dies
  • 1957 Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone, Governor-General of the Union of South Africa and Canada, dies at 82
  • 1962 Emanuel Stickelberger, Swiss writer (Holbein in England), dies at 77
  • 1962 Ivan Meštrović, Croatian sculptor and architect, dies at 78
  • 1962 Frank Hurley, Australian photographer (b. 1885)
  • 1966 Margarete Susman, German-Jewish writer, dies at 91
  • 1967 Dirk Vansina, Flemish playwright (Sage of Kai-Roi), dies at 72
  • 1967 Robert J Van De Graaff, US nuclear physicist, dies at 65
  • 1968 Robert R "Bob" Jones, founder (Bob Jones University), dies at 84
  • 1969 Jan Palach, protesting Soviet invasion of Czech, self immolates at 20
  • 1970 Armijn Pane, Indonesian writer (Djinak-djinak merpati), dies at 61
  • 1972 Teller Ammons, American politician (b. 1895)
  • 1977 Leif Panduro, Danish writer ('k Have varnish on traditions), dies at 53
  • 1978 Virginia Pope, American fashion editor (New York Times), dies at 92
  • 1979 August Heissmeyer, German SS officer, dies at 82
  • 1980 Anna Maria Franciska van Wageningen-Salomons, Dutch author (Girl Student), dies at 94
  • 1985 Robert Fitzgerald, American poet and translator, dies at 74
  • 1986 Herbert W. Armstrong, American evangelist, author, and publisher (b. 1892)
  • 1987 Earl Wilson, American journalist and columnist (Midnight Earl), dies at 79
  • 1987 Ilse Langen, writer, dies at 87
  • 1987 Bertram Wainer, Australian pro-abortion campaigner (b. 1928)
  • 1987 Ilse Lagner, German antiwar writer, dies at 87
  • 1988 Andrija Artuković, Croatian war criminal (b. 1899)
  • 1992 Ajahn Chah, Thai Buddhist meditation master, dies at 73
  • 1993 Sathasivam Krishnakumar, Sri Lanka commander, commits suicide
  • 1994 Stephen Kritsick, veterinarian (Good Morning America), dies at 42
  • 1996 Kaye Webb, publisher, dies at 81
  • 1997 Ennis Cosby, son of Bill Cosby, murdered on LA highway at 29
  • 1997 Stephen Fitz-Simon, entrepreneur, dies at 59
  • 1998 Peter Diamand, artistic administrator, dies at 84
  • 1999 Jim McClelland, Australian solicitor, politician, Minister, Royal Commissioner, judge (b. 1915)
  • 2001 Laurent-Désiré Kabila, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (b. 1939)
  • 2001 Auberon Waugh, British author and journalist (b. 1939)
  • 2002 Robert Hanbury Brown, British-Australian astronomer and physicist (b. 1916)
  • 2002 Michael Bilandic, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1923)
  • 2003 Richard Wainwright, English politician, Liberal MP for Colne Valley (1966–70), dies at 84
  • 2004 Kalevi Sorsa, Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1930)
  • 2005 Marjorie Williams, American journalist (b. 1958)
  • 2006 Stanley Biber, American physician, pioneer of transgender surgery, (b. 1923)
  • 2009 Andrew Wyeth, American realist painter (Christina's World), dies at 91
  • 2013 Abigail Van Buren [Pauline Phillips], American columnist and radio show host known for "Dear Abby" advice column, twin sister of fellow advice columnist Ann Landers (Eppie Lederer), dies from complications from Alzheimer's disease at 94
  • 2017 Eugene Cernan, American NASA astronaut (12th person on the moon), dies at 82
  • 2019 Hugh Lewin, South African anti-apartheid activist and writer (Bandiet: Seven Years in a South African Prison), dies at 79
  • 2020 Christopher Tolkien, British author and son of J. R. R. Tolkien, dies at 95
  • 2020 Peter Hammersley, British Rear-Admiral who served on and designed submarines, dies at 91