On This Day

On This Day in History for January 18

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 133

  • 336 St Mark elected Catholic Pope
  • 350 Roman Emperor Constans is deposed by General Magnentius who proclaims himself the new Emperor
  • 474 Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor

BattleBattle of Interest

532 Nika uprising against Emperor Justinian in Constantinople fails, 30,000 killed by troops loyal to the Emperor in the Hippodrome

Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I
Eastern Roman Emperor
Justinian I
  • 1126 Emperor Huizong abdicates the Chinese throne in favour of his son Qinzong
  • 1307 German king Albrecht I makes his son Rudolf King of Bohemia
  • 1478 Grand Duke Ivan II of Moscow occupies Novgorod
  • 1520 Christian II of Denmark & Norway defeats Swedes at Lake Asunde

Victory in battleNew Settlement

1535 Francisco Pizarro founds the city of Lima in Peru

Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro
  • 1562 The Council of Trent is reopened by Pope Pius IV for its third (and final) session
  • 1591 King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat, date is now observed as Royal Thai Armed Forces day
  • 1644 Perplexed Pilgrims in Boston reported America's 1st UFO sighting
  • 1650 French Prince Louis II of Condé captured
  • 1691 English King William III travels to The Hague
  • 1701 Frederick I and Sophie Charlotte of Hanover crowned king and queen of Prussia
  • 1733 1st polar bear exhibited in America in Boston

  • 1776 James Wright, Royal Governor of Georgia, is placed under house arrest by Major Joseph Habersham
  • 1777 San Jose in California founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1778 Captain James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands)

Explorer James Cook
James Cook

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1779 John Dickinson is appointed a delegate for Delaware to the Continental Congress

Founding Father of the United States John Dickinson
Founding Father of the United States
John Dickinson
  • 1788 First elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay to set up a penal colony
  • 1795 French admitted to Amsterdam without resistance
  • 1795 Governor and Viceroy Willem V flees Scheveningen to England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1817 José de San Martín leads a revolutionary army over the Andes to attack Spanish royalists in Chile

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1840 The Electro-Magnet, and Mechanics Intelligencer, 1st US electrical journal, appears
  • 1850 British blockade Piraeus, Greece, to enforce mercantile claims
  • 1854 Filibuster William Walker proclaims Republic of Sonora in NW Mexico
  • 1862 Confederate Territory of Arizona forms
  • 1865 Battle of Ft Moultrie, South Carolina
  • 1866 Wesley College is established in Melbourne
  • 1869 Elegant California Theater opens in San Francisco

The <b>German</b> EmpireThe German Empire

1871 Second German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Otto von Bismarck

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1884 General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum
  • 1884 Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Iesu Grist (Welsh for Jesus Christ) Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom
  • 1896 1st demonstration of an X-ray machine in US (NYC)
  • 1896 British troops occupy Kumasi, West Africa
  • 1900 Jan Blockx's "Tÿl Uilenspiegel" premieres in Brussels
  • 1901 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Graves De Communi Re
  • 1902 Despite reports that favor the US building a route through Nicaragua for a canal, a 'supplementary report' recommends the route through Panama
  • 1903 The first transatlantic radio transmission to originate in the United States is sent by a transmitter in Massachusetts
  • 1905 French government of Combes falls

  • 1908 Frederick Delius' "Brigg Fair" premieres in London
  • 1911 1st shipboard landing of a plane (Tanforan Park to USS Pennsylvania)
  • 1913 Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy
  • 1915 Train crashes at Colima-Guadalajara Mexico, about 600 die
  • 1915 Japan issues the "Twenty-One Demands" to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia.
  • 1916 A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite stikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri
  • 1919 Bentley Motors Limited is founded
  • 1919 The Paris peace conference (aka the Versailles peace conference) opens to draw up the treaties formally ending the Great War (WWI)
  • 1921 William Archer's "Green Goddess" premieres in NYC
  • 1922 Irish author Liam O'Flaherty & others occupy Rotunda in Dublin
  • 1923 1st radio telegraph message from Netherlands to Dutch East Indies
  • 1929 "NY Daily Mirror" columnist Walter Winchell debuts on radio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Stalin proposes to ban Trotsky from the Politburo

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1930 -27°F (-33°C), Watts, Oklahoma (state record)
  • 1933 White Sands National Monument in New Mexico established
  • 1934 Eugene O'Neill's "Days Without End" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 World War II: A counter-offensive is launched by the British against the Italians in East Africa
  • 1942 Nazis arrest Frans Goedhart & Wiardi Beckman

Soviet UnionSiege of Leningrad

1943 Soviets announce they have broken the long siege of Leningrad by Nazi Germany by opening a narrow land corridor, though the siege would not be fully lifted until a year later
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Two young girls help assemble Soviet submachine guns during the Siege of Leningrad
Two young girls help assemble Soviet submachine guns during the Siege of Leningrad
  • 1943 US rations bread & metal - banning presliced bread reduce bakery demand for metal parts
  • 1944 1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts
  • 1945 Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow, Poland and push Germans out, only to eventually occupy entire country
  • 1947 Small river steamer sinks on Yangtze River, kills 400
  • 1948 1st courses begin at University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 1949 1st US Congressional standing committee headed by Negro (W Dawson)
  • 1950 Christopher Fry's "Venus Observed" premieres in London
  • 1951 1st use of lie detector in Netherlands
  • 1951 Hermann Flake sentenced to death due to "hate campaign against GDR"
  • 1951 Mount Lamington in Papua New Guinea erupts, killing 2,942 people
  • 1954 Amintore Fanfani forms Italian government
  • 1955 Battle of Yijiangshan Islands between Chinese National Revolutionary Army and the People's Liberation Army
  • 1956 German Democratic Republic (East Germany) forms own army (National People's Army)
  • 1957 3 B-52's set record for around-the-world flight, 45 hr 19 min
  • 1960 US & Japan sign joint defense treaty
  • 1960 Capital Airlines Flight 20 crashes in Virginia, killing all 50 people on-board
  • 1961 Zanzibar's Afro-Shirazi party wins 1 seat by a single vote & parliament by a single seat
  • 1962 Southern University closed due to demonstrations
  • 1962 US begins spraying foliage in Vietnam to reveal Viet Cong guerrillas
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Reinier Paping wins Dutch 11-Cities Skating Race (10:59)
  • 1964 Plans for World Trade Center announced (NYC)
  • 1965 H L de Vries appointed Dutch governor of Suriname
  • 1966 Robert C Weaver, confirmed as 1st black cabinet member (HUD)
  • 1967 Albert DeSalvo (Boston Strangler) sentenced to life in prison
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 Expanded 4 party Vietnam peace talks began in Paris
  • 1969 United Airlines Flight 266 crashes into Santa Monica Bay, killing all 38 people on-board
  • 1970 Hasse Borjes skates world record 500m in 38.9 sec
  • 1971 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark meets British Home Secretary Reginald Maudling
  • 1972 Prime Minister of Northern Ireland Brian Faulkner bans all parades and marches in Northern Ireland until the end of the year
  • 1972 Garfield Todd, former Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia and his daughter Judith, supporters of black majority rule in the country, are arrested
  • 1974 Israel & Egypt sign weapons accord
  • 1977 Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires' disease.
  • 1977 Australia's worst rail disaster occurs in Sydney, killing 83 people
  • 1978 Geoff Boycott captains England for the 1st time, v Pakistan at Karachi
  • 1978 Roof of 3-yr-old Civic Center in Hartford, Connecticut collapses (no injuries)
  • 1978 Thiokol conducts 2nd test firing of space shuttle's SRB
  • 1979 Peter Jenkins finishes "A Walk Across America" at Florence, Oregon

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 103

  • 885 Daigo, Emperor of Japan (d. 930)
  • 1519 Isabella Jagiełło, queen of Hungary (d. 1559)
  • 1641 Francois Michel le Tellier, French statesman (Marquis de Louvois)
  • 1657 Hendrik Casimir II, Dutch Fieldmarshal (Nassau)
  • 1672 Antoine Houdar de la Motte, French writer (d. 1731)
  • 1685 Tiberius Hemsterhuis, Dutch Classical prof, baptized
  • 1688 Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, born in Dorset, United Kingdom (d. 1765)
  • 1689 Charles de Montesquieu, French philosopher/writer (Letters Persanes)
  • 1726 Hendrik D F L, prince of Prussia/diplomat
  • 1764 Samuel Whitbread, English politician, born in Cardington, Bedfordshire (d. 1815)

Person of interestDaniel Webster

1782 Daniel Webster, US Secretary of State (1841-43, 1850-52), politician and lawyer, born in Salisbury, New Hampshire (d. 1852)

American Statesman Daniel Webster
American Statesman
Daniel Webster
  • 1795 Anna Paulowna Romanova, monarch of Russia/daughter of Tsar Paul I
  • 1809 Richard Caswell Gatlin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • 1813 Joseph Glidden, American inventor of 1st commercial usable barbed wire, born in Charlestown, New Hampshire (d. 1906)
  • 1815 James Chesnut Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1885)
  • 1815 Richard Yates Gov, MC (Union), (d. 1873)
  • 1815 Constantin von Tischendorf, German biblical scholar (d. 1874)
  • 1818 Johannes van Vloten, Dutch literary/theologist
  • 1820 Abraham Buford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1884)
  • 1825 Edward Frankland, Lancaster, U.K, British structural chemist who co-discovered helium and developed the theory of valence
  • 1829 Louis van Haecke, Flemish chaplain/author (Blood to Bridge)
  • 1831 Edward Ferrero, American ballroom operator and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Granada, Spain (d. 1899)
  • 1835 Jan van Droogenbroeck, Flemish poet
  • 1840 Austin Dobson, England, poet/critic/biographer
  • 1842 Albert Alonzo Ames, Mayor of Minneapolis (d. 1911)
  • 1848 Ioan Slavici, Transylvanian writer (d. 1925)
  • 1849 Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia (1900-03)
  • 1850 Seth Low, American politician (d. 1916)
  • 1854 Thomas A Watson, needed by Bell, inventor assistant (Telephone)
  • 1857 Otto von Below, German commandant (WWI)

Person of interestDaniel Williams

1858 Daniel Williams, American heart surgeon who performed the 1st open heart surgery, born in Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1931)

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • 1861 Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist
  • 1867 Rubén Darío, Nicaraguan Journalist, Diplomat, Poet (d. 1916)
  • 1869 Willem De Vreese, Flemish linguist/biblographer
  • 1870 Berend Modderman, printer (Drukkers yearbook)
  • 1872 Paul Leautaud, [Maurice Boissard], French writer (Petit ami)
  • 1877 Samuel Zemurray, U.S. businessman (d. 1961)
  • 1878 Hendrik Baels, Belgian politician
  • 1879 Henri Giraud, French general (d. 1949)
  • 1880 Paul Ehrenfest, Austria/Neth physicist (adiabates hypothesis)
  • 1881 Gaston Gallimard, French publisher (Librairie Gallimard) [or 1908]

Person of interestA. A. Milne

1882 A. A. Milne, English author of the Winnie-the-Pooh books, born in Hampstead Middlesex (d. 1956)

Author A. A. Milne
A. A. Milne
  • 1882 Jacob Clay, Dutch philospher/phyicist (Mesones)
  • 1884 Arthur Ransome, English author (Swallows & Amazons)
  • 1886 Antoine Pevsner, French sculptor
  • 1886 Peter Alma, Dutch painter and graphic artist
  • 1892 Paul Rostock, German surgeon (d. 1956)
  • 1894 Wilhelm HC Tenhaeff, Dutch parapsychologist
  • 1896 Hans H Holm, Norwegian poet (Jonsoknatt)
  • 1896 C. M. Eddy, Jr., American writer (d. 1967)
  • 1901 Arie Querido, Dutch social psychiatrist
  • 1901 Ivan Petrovsky, Russian mathematician (d. 1973)
  • 1904 Henri-Georges Adam, French etcher/painter/sculptor (Grand Nude)
  • 1904 Anthony Galla-Rini, American accordionist (d. 2006)
  • 1905 Joseph Bonanno, Italian-born gangster (d. 2002)
  • 1906 Hans Aeschbacher, Swiss sculptor (Venus de Six-Tours)
  • 1908 Albert P Morano, (Rep-R-Conn, 1951-59)
  • 1908 Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1972)
  • 1912 Charles Moeller, Belgian theologist (Humanism et saintete)
  • 1912 William Sansom, English writer (Loving Eye)
  • 1914 Arno Schmidt, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1979)
  • 1916 James Crow, Phoenixville, Pennsylvania, geneticist and influential educator (Genetic Theories and Influences: Comments on the Value of Diversity), (d. 2012)
  • 1917 Oscar Lewenstein, impressario
  • 1917 Wang Yung-ching, Taiwanese businessman
  • 1918 Adriano Mandarino Hypolito, priest
  • 1918 Ton Brandsteder, CEO/founder (Sony Nederland)
  • 1918 Gustave Gingras, French Canadian physician (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Robert Glaser, educational psychologist (National Assessment of Educational Progress), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 2012)
  • 1921 Yoichiro Nambu, Japanese-born American Physicist (Nobel Prize 2008), born in Tokyo (d. 2015)
  • 1922 Bob Bell, American clown (d. 1997)
  • 1925 Gilles Deleuze, philosopher
  • 1927 Sundaram Balachander, Indian veena player (d. 1990)
  • 1932 Robert Anton Wilson, American sci-fi author (Trick Top Hat)
  • 1933 David Bellamy, English botanist/tv-program maker
  • 1933 John Boorman, producer/dir (Exorcist II, Deliverance, Zardoz)

Person of interestRay Dolby

1933 Ray Dolby, American sound expert and inventor (Dolby noise limiting system), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 2013)

Inventor Ray Dolby
Ray Dolby
  • 1933 Vladimir Yevgrafovich Bugrov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1935 Raymond Briggs, English author (Fungus the Bogeyman)
  • 1935 Jon Stallworthy, English poet
  • 1935 Gad Yaacobi, Israeli minister (d. 2007)
  • 1939 Bernard Glassman, NY, Zen teacher/head (Zen Center of NY)
  • 1943 Kay Granger, American politician
  • 1944 Relus ter Beek, Dutch Minister of defense (PvdA)

Person of interestPaul Keating

1944 Paul Keating, 24th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1991-96), born in Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia

24th Prime Minister of Australia Paul Keating
24th Prime Minister of Australia
Paul Keating
  • 1944 Alexander Van der Bellen, Austrian politician, President of Austria (2017-), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1946 Joseph Deiss, Swiss economist & politician, born in Fribourg, Switzerland
  • 1949 Philippe Starck, French designer, born in Paris, France
  • 1949 Bill Keller, American newspaper editor (The Marshall Project)
  • 1951 Bram Behr, Surinamese journalist, born in Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles (d. 1982)
  • 1951 Elijah Cummings, American politician (Rep-Maryland (D) 1996-), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1952 Michael Behe, American biochemist & advocate of intelligent design, born in Altoona, Pennsylvania
  • 1958 Jeffrey N Williams, United States Army officer & NASA astronaut, born in Village of Superior, Wisconsin
  • 1963 Maxime Bernier, French-Canadian politician, born in Saint-Georges, Canada
  • 1963 Martin O'Malley, Governor of Maryland, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1966 André Ribeiro, Brazilian racing driver, born in São Paulo, Brazil
  • 1968 Frank Quitely, Scottish comic book artist, born in Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • 1971 Binyavanga Wainaina, Kenyan author & journalist, born in Nakuru, Rift Valley
  • 1974 Princess Claire of Belgium, British-Belgian land surveyor, born in Bath, United Kingdom
  • 1979 Leo Varadkar, Irish politician (Prime Minister, 2017-), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • 1982 Joanna Newsom, American harpist, born in Nevada City, Calfornia

Weddings in History

  • 1486 King Henry VII of England marries Elizabeth, daughter of Edward IV

LoveWedding of Interest

1893 British Poet and writer Rudyard Kipling (26) marries Carrie Balestier (29) in London

  • 1949 South African Rev Andries P Treurnicht marries Engela Dreyer

LoveWedding of Interest

1974 Author Maya Angelou (45) weds Paul Bernard Du Feu

Author, Poet and Activist Maya Angelou
Author, Poet and Activist
Maya Angelou
  • 1989 Candace Thomas marries Steve Garvey

Deaths in History

  • 52 BC Publius Clodius Pulcher (murdered) (b. 93 BC)
  • 474 Leo I, Byzantine Emperor (b. 401)
  • 1367 Pedro I, King of Portugal (also called "the Just" or "the Cruel"), King of Portugal and of the Algarves (1357-67), dies at 46
  • 1425 Edmund de Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, English politician, dies at 33
  • 1471 Emperor Go-Hanazono, 102nd Emperor of Japan, dies at 51
  • 1479 Louis IX, the Rich, duke of Bayern (U of Ingolstadt), dies at 61
  • 1586 Margaret of Austria, regent of The Netherlands (b. 1522)
  • 1664 Moses Amyraut, French theologian (b. 1596)
  • 1666 Adriaen A Bloemaert, Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 56
  • 1677 Jan van Riebeeck, Dutch founder of Cape Colony (Cape Town), dies at 57
  • 1769 Hakuin Ekaku, Zen teacher (reformer of Rinzai school), dies in Japan
  • 1803 Ippolit Bogdanovich, Russian poet (b. 1743)
  • 1854 Juda Turo, American philanthropist, dies
  • 1859 Alfred Vail, American inventor and early telegraph pioneer, dies at 51
  • 1861 John Heathcoat, English inventor of lace-making machinery, dies at 77

Person of interestJohn Tyler

1862 John Tyler, 10th US President (1841-45), dies in Richmond Va at 71

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler
  • 1873 Edward George Bulwer-Lytton, English author (b. 1803)
  • 1878 Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist who pioneered the study of electric and luminescent phenomena, dies at 89
  • 1886 Michal Czajchovski, [Sadik Pasja], writer, dies
  • 1886 Baldassare Verazzi, Italian painter (b. 1819)
  • 1890 Amadeus/Amadeo I, duke of Aosta and King of Spain (1870-73), dies at 44
  • 1892 Anton Anderledy, Swiss Superior General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1819)
  • 1896 Charles Floquet, French statesman and 44th Prime Minister of France, dies at 67
  • 1913 Edmond Robert Hubert Regout, Dutch industrialist and politician, dies at 49
  • 1919 Prince John of the United Kingdom, youngest son of English king George V, dies at 13
  • 1921 Adolf von Hildebrand, German sculptor, dies at 73

Person of interestRudyard Kipling

1936 Rudyard Kipling, English author (Gunga Din, Nobel 1907), dies at 70

  • 1940 Kazimierz P Tetmajer, Polish writer/poet (Young Poland), dies at 74
  • 1949 Charles Ponzi [Carlo], Italian con-man (Ponzi scheme in the US), dies at 66
  • 1951 Robert Mark, US chairman (Caste World Congress), dies at 41
  • 1963 Hugh Gaitskell, British politician (Leader of the Labour Party), dies at 56
  • 1966 Kathleen Norris, American author, dies at 85
  • 1967 Simon FHJ Berkelbach van der Sprenkel, vicar/theologist, dies at 84
  • 1969 Hans Freyer, German sociologist and philosopher, dies at 81
  • 1970 David O. McKay, 9th President of Mormon church, dies at 96
  • 1977 Carl Zuckmayer, German/Swiss/US playwright (Second Wind), dies at 80
  • 1978 Hasan Askari, Pakistani philosopher, critic and writer (b. 1919)
  • 1978 Walter H. Thompson, English Scotland Yard detective, bodyguard of Winston Churchill (b. 1890)
  • 1980 Cecil Beaton, British photographer, dies at 76
  • 1984 Malcolm H Kerr, 9th President of American U of Beirut, shot dead
  • 1985 Mahmoud Taha, Sudanese Muslim leader, hanged at 76
  • 1989 Bruce Chatwin, British writer, dies at 49
  • 1991 Hamilton Fish III, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), dies at 102
  • 1992 John Remme, entertainer, dies of AIDS at 56
  • 1992 Tom Elios, entertainer, dies
  • 1993 M Eleonore Lippits, 1st Dutch female missionary doctor, dies at 85
  • 1993 Mike Templeton, 2nd person to receive a heart pump, dies at 34
  • 1993 Eleanor Hibbert, British author (b. 1906)
  • 1995 Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939), dies at 91
  • 1995 Joseph Kagan, Lithuanian-British businessman (Gannex raincoats), dies at 79
  • 1996 Leonor Fini, Argentine artist, dies at 87
  • 1996 Minnesota Fats, [Rudolf Wanderone Jr], billiard hustler, dies at 82
  • 1996 N T Rama Rao, Prime Minister of Andhra Pradesh India (1983-84, 84-89, 94-95), dies
  • 1997 Myfanwy Piper, British librettist and art critic, dies at 85
  • 1997 Paul Tsongas, (Sen-D-Mass), dies at 55
  • 2000 Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect (b. 1897)
  • 2001 Reg Prentice, British government minister, dies at 77
  • 2003 Gavin Lyall, British author (Conduct of Major Maxim, The Secret Servant), dies of cancer at 70
  • 2006 Jan Twardowski, Polish poet (b. 1915)
  • 2008 John Stroger, first African-American Cook County Board President (b. 1929)
  • 2009 Grigore Vieru, Romanian poet (b. 1935)
  • 2011 Sargent Shriver, American politician and activist (Peace Corps), dies at 95
  • 2016 Michel Tournier, French writer ( Friday, or, The Other Island), dies at 91
  • 2018 John Barton, British theatre director and co-founder of the Royal Shakespeare Company, dies at 89