On This Day

On This Day in History for January 19

Events in History

  • 379 Theodosius installed as co-emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire
  • 973 Pope Benedictus VI elected
  • 1419 French city of Rouen surrenders to Henry V in Hundred Years' War
  • 1493 France cedes Roussillon & Cerdagne to Spain by treaty of Barcelona
  • 1511 Italian city Mirandola surrenders to the French
  • 1520 Sten Sture the Younger, Regent of Sweden, is mortally wounded at the Battle of Bogesund
  • 1547 Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, is executed in the Tower of London for treason
  • 1607 San Agustin Church in Manila is officially completed; the oldest church in the Philippines

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1668 King Louis XIV & Emperor Leopold I sign treaty dividing Spain

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1714 Richard Steele publishes "Crisis" defending Hanoverian success

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1746 Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Stirling [OS= Jan 8]

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1770 Battle of Golden Hill (Lower Manhattan)
  • 1785 First manned balloon flight in Ireland
  • 1795 Democratic revolution in Amsterdam ends oligarchy
  • 1806 United Kingdom re-occupies the Cape of Good Hope following victory in the Battle of Blaauwberg over French vassal, the Batavian Republic. Establishes British rule in South Africa.
  • 1808 Louis Napoleon signs 1st Dutch aviation law

  • 1810 Cold Friday: temperature at Portsmouth, New Hampshire drops from 54°F to minus 12°F in one day with many frozen to death

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley
  • 1825 Ezra Daggett and nephew Thomas Kensett patent food storage in tin cans

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1829 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's "Faust, Part 1" premieres

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • 1839 Aden conquered by British East India Company
  • 1861 Mississippi troops take Fort Massachusetts and Ship Island (US Civil War)
  • 1861 Georgia secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Battle of Mill Springs, Kentucky (Fishing Creek, Logan's Crossroads)
  • 1863 General Mieroslawski appointed dictator of Poland
  • 1865 NV Suriname Bank established
  • 1865 Union occupies Fort Anderson, North Carolina
  • 1871 1st Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1883 The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1885 Battle of Abu Klea, Sudan, between the British Desert Column and Mahdist forces: 76 British and 1,100 Mahdists killed
  • 1886 Aurora Ski Club, 1st in US, founded in Minnesota
  • 1893 Henrik Ibsen's play The Master Builder premieres in Berlin
  • 1898 Brown defeats Harvard 6-0 in 1st intercollegiate hockey game
  • 1899 Anglo-Egyptian Sudan forms
  • 1903 1st regular transatlantic radio broadcast between US & England

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1906 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Und Pippa Tanzt!" premieres in Berlin

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann

  • 1909 Eugene Walter's "Easiest Way" premieres in NYC
  • 1910 Germany & Bolivia end commerce and friendship treaty
  • 1910 US National Institute of Arts & Letters incorporated by Congress
  • 1913 Raymond Poincaré installed as President of France

UKFirst Air Raid on Britain

1915 World War I: 4 people in Norfolk are killed in the 1st German Zeppelin air raid attack on the United Kingdom

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British wartime recruitment poster from 1915 referencing the air raids that started that year
British wartime recruitment poster from 1915 referencing the air raids that started that year
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  • 1915 Neon Tube sign patented by George Claude
  • 1917 The Silvertown explosion: 73 die when a munitions factory in Essex explodes.
  • 1918 Soviets disallow a Constitution Assembly
  • 1918 Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard
  • 1919 National elections held in Germany to form a National Constituent Assembly and draft a constitution
  • 1920 Alexandre Millerand forms French government
  • 1921 Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras & El Salvador sign Pact of Union
  • 1922 Geological survey says US oil supply would be depleted in 20 years
  • 1923 WMC-AM in Memphis TN begins radio transmissions

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1923 UK Chancellor of the Exchequer Stanley Baldwin and US Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon agree to reschedule repayment of Britain's $4.5 billion war debt over 62 years

Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon
Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury
Andrew Mellon
British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • 1925 -48°F (-44°C), Van Buren, Maine (state record)
  • 1927 British government decides to send troops to China
  • 1929 Acadia National Park, Maine established
  • 1929 Clas Thunberg skates world record 500m in 42.8 sec
  • 1934 Kenesaw Mountain Landis denies Joe Jackson's appeal for reinstatement
  • 1935 KLM begins flight path between Curacao & Aruba
  • 1935 Coopers Inc. sells the world's first men's briefs in Chicago, calls it the "Jockey"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record (7h 28m 25s)

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • 1938 General Motors begins mass production of diesel engines
  • 1939 Ernest Hausen of Wisconsin sets chicken-plucking record of 4.4 sec
  • 1941 British offensive in Eritrea
  • 1941 British troops occupies Kassalaf, Sudan
  • 1942 Japanese forces invade Burma
  • 1942 Titus Brandsma arrested by German occupiers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 1st Warsaw Ghetto Uprising begins

Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • 1943 Joint Chiefs of Staff decide on invasion in Sicily
  • 1947 SS Himera runs aground at Athens, kills 392
  • 1949 Cuba recognises Israel.
  • 1950 Maiden flight by Canada's Avro Canada CF-100 military plane
  • 1955 "Scrabble" debuts on board game market

CommunicationHistoric Communication

1955 1st presidential news conference filmed for TV (Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1958 Canadian Football Council renamed Canadian Football League
  • 1960 Eisenhower & Premier Kishi sign US-Japanese Security pact
  • 1961 1st episode of "Dick Van Dyke Show" is filmed

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1966 Indira Gandhi elected India's 4th Prime Minister

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1966 Tippett's cantate "Vision of St Augustine" premieres in London
  • 1967 Herr Karl Tausch writes shortest will "Vse Zene" (All to wife)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill calls for "a new endeavour by organisations in Northern Ireland to cross denominational barriers and advance the cause of better community relations"

Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill
Northern Ireland Prime Minister
Terence O'Neill
  • 1970 Eight Bishops of the Roman Catholic Church in the Netherlands say there should be room in the church for both married priests and celibate priests
  • 1970 Nixon nominates G Harold Carswell to Supreme Court (fails)
  • 1970 UCLA fires Angela Davis for being a communist
  • 1974 Belgium government of Leburton falls
  • 1974 China and South Vietnam clash over the Paracel Islands, resulting in a Chinese victory
  • 1975 4 mail truck assault on El Al B-747 in Paris, escape to Iraq
  • 1975 Triple J begins broadcasting in Sydney, Australia.
  • 1977 US President Ford pardons Iva Toguri D'Aquino (Tokyo Rose)
  • 1977 World's largest crowd gathering - the Hindu Kumbh Mela in India attracts a then record 15 million people
  • 1977 Snow falls in Miami, Florida. This is the only time in the history of the city that snowfall has occurred. It also fell in the Bahamas.
  • 1978 Judge William H. Webster appointed head of FBI

Historic CommunicationVolkswagen Beetle

1978 The last Volkswagen Beetle made in Germany leaves VW's plant in Emden. Beetle production in Latin America would continue until 2003.

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The last edition of an 'old style' VW Beetle
The last edition of an 'old style' VW Beetle
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  • 1979 John N Mitchell (former US Attorney General) released on parole from federal prison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 US President Jimmy Carter announces he is awarding Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously to anthropologist Margaret Mead

Cultural Anthropologist Margaret Mead
Cultural Anthropologist
Margaret Mead
39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1981 US & Iran sign agreement to release 52 American hostages
  • 1982 Aust-WI one-day game that produced a Privy Council libel case
  • 1982 Heater explodes at Star Elementary School, Oklahoma, kills 6 children & teacher
  • 1983 Klaus Barbie, SS chief in Lyon in Nazi-occupied France, arrested in Bolivia
  • 1984 California Supreme Court rejects the request of quadriplegic Elizabeth Bouvia's to starve herself to death in a public hospital
  • 1985 4 die in a car & train crash in Buda Ill

Birthdays in History

  • 399 Pulcheria, Byzantine empress and regent of the Eastern Roman Empire (450-453), born in Constantinople (d. 453)
  • 1200 Dōgen, Japanese Buddhist priest and founder of the Sōtō school of Zen, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1253)
  • 1544 Francis II, King of France (1559-60) and husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, born in Château de Fontainebleau, France (d. 1560)
  • 1639 Noel Alexandre, French theologian/historian
  • 1686 Hakuin Ekakuborn, Japan, Zen Buddhist

Person of interestJames Watt

1736 James Watt, Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer and chemist (steam engine), born in Greenock, Scotland (d. 1819)

Inventor, Engineer and Chemist James Watt
Inventor, Engineer and Chemist
James Watt
  • 1736 Laurens Pieter van de Spiegel, Dutch Grand Pensionary of Zeeland and Holland (1787-95)
  • 1737 Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, Fr writer (Paul et Virgin)
  • 1739 Joseph Bonomi the Elder, Italian architect (d. 1808)
  • 1749 Isaiah Thomas, American printer/editor/publisher/historian
  • 1752 James Morris III, American army officer (d. 1820)
  • 1757 Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf, German Princess (d. 1831)
  • 1790 Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom, Swedish romantic poet (Blommorna (The Flowers), Lycksalighetens Ö (The Island of Bliss)) and historian (Svenska Siare och Skalder), born in Åsbo, Sweden (d. 1855)
  • 1798 Auguste Comte, French philosopher & writer (A General View of Positivism), born in Montpellier, France (d. 1857)
  • 1802 [Jean] Silvain van de Weyer, 1st Belgium min of Foreign affairs (1831)

Person of interestRobert E. Lee

1807 Robert E. Lee, American General who commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War, born in Stratford Virginia (d. 1870)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1808 Lysander Spooner, American philosopher, born in Athol, Massachusetts (d. 1887)

Person of interestEdgar Allan Poe

1809 Edgar Allan Poe, American writer, poet and critic (The Pit and the Pendulum) considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre (Murders in the Rue Morgue), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1849)

  • 1813 Henry Bessemer, engineer/inventor (Bessemer engine)
  • 1816 Henry Gray, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1892)
  • 1820 John Haskell King, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Sackets Harbor, New York (d. 1888)
  • 1830 George Blake Cosby, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1909)
  • 1837 William Williams Keen, surgeon (brain)

Person of interestPaul Cézanne

1839 Paul Cézanne, French artist and Post-Impressionist painter (The Basket of Apples), born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1906)

French Painter Paul Cézanne
French Painter
Paul Cézanne
  • 1848 John F. Stairs, Canadian businessman (d. 1904)
  • 1851 David Starr Jordan, NY, biologist/university pres (Leland Stanford)
  • 1851 Johannes C Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer
  • 1858 Eugene Brieux, French playwright (Blanchette, Lesson Avaries)
  • 1859 Alice Eastwood, botanist (Handbook of Trees of California), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1860 Patrick Cotter O'Brien, Irish showman, first known eight-foot-tall person (stood 8ft 1 inch), born in Kinsale, Ireland (d. 1806)
  • 1863 Werner Sombart, German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)
  • 1868 Gustav Meyrink, writer
  • 1869 Alfred R Zimmerman, mayor (Rotterdam 1906-22)/Dir (League of Nations)
  • 1873 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), born in Leutkirch im Allgäu (d. 1945)
  • 1879 Marie Koenen, author/wife of Felix Rutten (Wassend Cereal)
  • 1879 Boris Savinkov, Russian writer (d. 1925)
  • 1887 Alexander Woollcott, American critic and short story writer (The Man Who Came to Dinner), born in Phalanx, New Jersey (d. 1943)
  • 1892 Ólafur Thors, Icelandic Prime Minister (5 times between 1942-63), born in Borgarnes, Iceland (d. 1964)
  • 1897 Natacha Rambova, Salt Lake City UT, costume designer
  • 1897 René Victor, Flemish lawyer/knight (Rechtskundig Weekblad)
  • 1902 Heinrich Schmist-Barrien, German author (Moorkeerl)
  • 1903 Alfred Lane Beit, connoisseur
  • 1904 James W. Watts, American neurosurgeon, developer of the Frontal Lobotomy, born in Lynchburg, Virginia (d. 1994)
  • 1905 Anne Schumacher Hummert, Baltimore US, leading creator of daytime radio serials during the 1930s and 1940s
  • 1905 Oveta Culp Hobby, government official/newspaper publisher/CEO (Houston Post)
  • 1908 Aleksandr Gennadievich Kurosh, Russian mathematician (d. 1971)
  • 1910 Willi Schmidt, German director
  • 1912 Jean G H "Sjeng" Tans, Dutch soc dem chairman (1965-69)
  • 1912 Leonid V Kantorovich, economist (Nobel), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1913 Phyllis Flowerdew, school Reading text author
  • 1913 Rex Ingamells, Australian poet (d. 1955)
  • 1918 John H Johnson, American publisher (Negro Digest, Ebony, Jet)
  • 1920 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Peruvian diplomat, 5th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1982-91) and Prime Minister of Peru (2000-01), born in Lima
  • 1921 Patricia Highsmith, [Plangman], US/Swiss writer (Strangers on a Train)
  • 1921 "Billy Batts" Devino, American gangster (d. 1970)
  • 1922 Ken Hughes, director (Casino Royale), born in Liverpool, England
  • 1923 Markus Wolf, German spy (d. 2006)
  • 1924 Henry Herbert, 7th earl of Carnarvon, English peer and racing manager to the Queen, born in London, England (d. 2001)
  • 1924 Jean Francois Revel, French journalist/author (Ni Marx ni Jesus)
  • 1925 Nina [Mary] Bawden, English author (Afternoon of a Good Woman), (d. 2012)
  • 1926 Libera Carlier, Flemish author (Action Station Go!)
  • 1928 Dainin Katagiri, Zen teacher, associate of Shunryu Suzuki, born in Osaka, Japan
  • 1931 Ron Packard, (Rep-R-CA, 1983- )
  • 1938 Denny Smith, (Rep-R-OR, 1981- )
  • 1940 Barend J du Plessis, South African minister of Finance (1984- )
  • 1940 Paolo Borsellino, Italian magistrate (d. 1992)
  • 1941 Colin Gunton, British theologian (d. 2003)
  • 1943 Margriet Francisca, Dutch Princess
  • 1944 Peter Lynch, American investor
  • 1945 Vadim Abdrashitov, director (Fox Hunt, Parade of Planets)
  • 1946 Alexandr Vladimirovich Shchukin, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1946 Julian Barnes, English writer (Before She Met Me, The Sense of an Ending), born in Leicester, England
  • 1947 Paula Deen, American chef and restaurateur, born in Albany, Georgia
  • 1950 Grant Nordman, Canadian politician, born in Santa Monica, California
  • 1954 Cindy Sherman, American photographer & director, born in Glen Ridge, New Jersey
  • 1957 Kenneth McClintock, Puerto Rican politician, born in London, United Kingdom
  • 1958 Thomas Kinkade, American painter, born in Sacramento, California (d. 2012)
  • 1963 Martin Bashir, British reporter, born in Wandsworth, London
  • 1963 John Bercow, British politician (C), Speaker of the House of Commons (2009-), born in London, England
  • 1964 Janine Antoni, Bahamian artist, born in Freeport, Bahamas
  • 1965 J. B. Pritzker, American politician and businessman (Pritzker Group), Governor of Illinois (2019-), born in Atherton, California
  • 1969 Edwidge Danticat, Haitian-American author, born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti
  • 1972 Princess Kalina of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1982 Pete Buttigieg, American politician, Mayor of South Bend, 1st openly gay Democratic presidential candidate, born in South Bend, Indiana
  • 1984 Euan Blair, eldest son of British Prime Minister Tony Blair, born in London, United Kingdom
  • 1993 Jack Schlossberg, son of Caroline Kennedy & grandson of John F. Kennedy, born in NYC, New York

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

1872 Physicist Wilhelm Röntgen (26) weds Anna Bertha Ludwig in Apeldoorn, Netherlands

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen

LoveWedding of Interest

1884 Painter Thomas Eakins (39) weds painter and photographer Susan Macdowell (32) in a Quaker ceremony

Painter Thomas Eakins
Painter
Thomas Eakins
  • 2013 "Big Brother" Daniele Donato (26) weds Dominic Briones at the Newland House Museum in Huntington Beach, California

Deaths in History

  • 639 Dagobert I, king of Austrasia, Soissons, Burgundy and Neustrië, dies at about 36
  • 1479 Johan II, king of Aragon/Navarra, dies at 81
  • 1526 Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark, dies at 24
  • 1547 Henry Howard, earl of Surrey, army commander/poet, beheaded at 29
  • 1549 Barthout van Assendelft, 1st land advocate of Holland, dies
  • 1591 Edmond Auger, French jesuit (under Henri III), dies at about 60
  • 1597 Maharana Pratap, Rajput king of Mewar (1572-1597), dies of injuries sustained in a hunting accident at 56
  • 1629 Abbas I, Shah of Persia (1588-1629), dies at 57
  • 1647 Johan van Beverwijck, physician (Treas of Ongesontheyt), dies at 52
  • 1661 Thomas Venner, Fifth Monarchist (executed) (b. 1799)
  • 1669 Leo Allatios, Greek/Italian theologist/literary, dies at about 82
  • 1692 Jan Commelin, Dutch botanist and director of Hortus Botanicus, Amsterdam, dies at 62
  • 1729 William Congreve, English dramatist (Love for Love), dies at 58
  • 1747 Johann Bode, "discoverer" of Bode's Law, dies
  • 1757 Thomas Ruddiman, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1674)
  • 1766 Giovanni Niccolò Servandoni, Italian-French architect, dies at 70
  • 1785 Jonathan Toup, English classical scholar and critic (b. 1713)
  • 1851 Esteban Echeverría, Argentine writer (b. 1805)
  • 1865 Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French philosopher and anarchist (b. 1809)
  • 1871 Henri Regnault, French painter, dies at 27
  • 1874 August Heinrich Hoffmann, German writer, dies at 75
  • 1878 Henri V. Regnault, French physicist and chemist, dies at 67
  • 1885 Fred Burnaby, English colonel/balloon pioneer, dies in battle
  • 1894 Francois Haverschmidt, Dutch writer (Snikken en grimlachjes), dies at 58
  • 1901 Albert, 4th duc de Broglie, Prime Minister of France (1873-74, 1977), dies at 79
  • 1902 Mother Joseph of the Sacred Heart [Esther Pariseau], Canadian religious leader (US capitol), dies at 78
  • 1905 Debendranath Tagore, Indian philosopher (b. 1817)
  • 1906 Bartolomé Mitre [Martínez], Argentine general, author, statesman and President (1862-1868), dies at 84
  • 1925 Maria Sophie of Bavaria, Queen consort of the Two Sicilies, dies at 83
  • 1927 Carlota of Mexico, princess of Belgium and empress consort of Mexico (1864-67), dies at 86
  • 1929 Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (b. 1873)
  • 1940 William E. Borah, American lawyer and politician (Republican U.S. Senator from Idaho), dies at 74
  • 1945 Ernest B Allo, French theologist, dies at 71
  • 1948 Tony Garnier, French architect (b. 1869)
  • 1954 Theodor Kaluza, German mathematician and physicist (Kaluza-Klein theory), dies at 68
  • 1957 József Dudás, Romanian/Hungarian resistance fighter (b. 1912)
  • 1975 Thomas Hart Benton, American painter and muralist (Lonesome Road) dies at 85
  • 1976 Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese electrical engineer (b. 1886)
  • 1980 William O Douglas, member US Supreme court (1939-75), dies at 81
  • 1982 Leopold Trepper, Polish/Israeli spy (WWII), dies at 77
  • 1987 Gerald Brenan, English writer, dies at 92
  • 1990 Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, Indian leader of the Rajneesh movement, dies at 58
  • 1990 Herbert Wehner, German ex-communist/chairman (1958-73), dies at 83
  • 1990 Myles Horton, American educator and Civil Rights Movement teacher, dies at 84
  • 1991 Marcel Chaput, French Canadian politician, dies at 72
  • 1993 Kees Scherer, Dutch photographer (World Press Photo), dies at 72
  • 1993 Reginald Lewis, CEO (Beatrice), dies of brain cancer at 50
  • 1995 Eugene Fuller, polymath/linguist, dies at 80
  • 1996 Bernard Baily, American comic artist (co-creator of DC Comics), dies at 79
  • 1996 Harold Wolpe, South African sociologist, lawyer, and activist, dies at 70
  • 1997 George Armin Goyder, businessman/social philosopher, dies at 88
  • 1997 James Dickey, American poet, novelist and lecturer (Deliverance, Buckdancer's Choice), dies at 73
  • 2000 Bettino Craxi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1934)
  • 2003 Françoise Giroud, French journalist and politician (French Minister of Culture), dies at 86
  • 2004 Harry E. Claiborne, American judge (suicide) (b. 1917)
  • 2005 Anita Kulcsár, Hungarian handball player (b. 1976)
  • 2005 Bill Andersen, New Zealand communist and trade union leader (b. 1924)
  • 2005 K. Sello Duiker, South African novelist (b. 1974)
  • 2006 Aoun Al-Sharif Qasim, Sudanese writer and Islamic scholar (b. 1933)
  • 2007 Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian newspaper editor (b. 1954)
  • 2011 Ernest McCulloch, Canadian stem cell research pioneer, dies at 84
  • 2017 H. Boyd Woodruff, American microbiologist whose research led to antibiotics, dies at 99