On This Day

On This Day in History for January 1 (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 382

  • 1890 The Rose Parade, then known as the Tournament of Roses, is first held in Pasadena, California
  • 1890 Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.
  • 1891 French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed
  • 1891 King Pakketvaart sails to Neth Indies
  • 1892 Ellis Island opens as a US immigration inspection station - it would go on to be the gateway to the US for more than 12 million people
  • 1893 1st US college extension courses for credit, University of Chicago

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1893 Japan adopts the Gregorian calendar

Read Article
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Read Article
  • 1893 The railway line from Germiston to Pretoria, South Africa, is opened to traffic
  • 1894 Denmark adopts Mid-European time
  • 1894 Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic
  • 1894 South African Amateur Athletic Union is founded in Johannesburg
  • 1895 Norway adopts Mid-European time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 Aguinaldo became a Freemason, joining Pilar Lodge No. 203, Imus, Cavite

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo

InventionScientific Discovery

1896 German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen announces his discovery of x-rays

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • 1897 1st football game between black colleges-Atlanta U 10, Tuskegee 0
  • 1898 Brooklyn merges with NY to form present City of NY

  • 1898 Lightship replaces whistling buoy at mouth of San Francisco Bay
  • 1898 Gabriele D'Annunzio's "Sogno d'un mattino di primavera," premieres in Rome
  • 1899 Cuba liberated from Spanish rule by the US, American occupation continues till 1902
  • 1900 1st date in John dos Passos' USA trilogy (The 42nd Parallel)
  • 1900 Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect
  • 1900 British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria are established
  • 1901 The Commonwealth of Australia is formed when the British (Imperial) Parliament Act, the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900, comes into effect
  • 1902 Nathan Stubblefield makes 1st public demonstration of radio, Pennsylvania

CrownRoyal Coronation

1903 In Delhi, a great durbar, or formal reception, marks the coronation of King Edward VII as Emperor of India; the British release some 16,000 prisoners in honor of the occasion

King of England Edward VII
King of England
Edward VII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 President Theodore Roosevelt and Edith Roosevelt unveil new renovations to The White House, including a new West Wing

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
US First Lady Edith Roosevelt
US First Lady
Edith Roosevelt
  • 1904 Neth Indies colony begins opium production
  • 1905 9 hour work day for diamond miners
  • 1906 Dutch law makes driver's license mandatory
  • 1906 The poll tax of £1 per head on all adult male inhabitants of Natal, South Africa, except indentured Indians and married Blacks, imposed by the Natal parliament in 1905, becomes payable.
  • 1907 US President Theodore Roosevelt shakes a record 8,513 hands in 1 day
  • 1909 Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher
  • 1909 In Great Britain, the Old Age Pension Law is finally instituted, providing pensions for every British subject over 70 with low income

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 British naval officer David Beatty is promoted to rear-admiral

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • 1911 Belgian Mining law introduces 9½ hour work day
  • 1911 South Australia transfers Northern Territory to federal government

  • 1912 1st running of San Francisco's famed "Bay to Breakers" footrace (7.63 miles/12.3 km); first winner Robert Vlught 44:10

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912 Sun Yat-sen forms the Republic of China

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • 1913 US Post office begins parcel post deliveries
  • 1914 1st scheduled airline flight, St Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot)
  • 1914 Klaas ter Laan becomes The Netherlands 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • 1914 Northern & Southern Nigeria united in British colony of Nigeria
  • 1914 The St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line becomes the world's first scheduled airline, covering the 18 mile distance 23 minutes. Service ceased after three months.
  • 1915 DW Griffith shows "Clansman" at a sneak preview
  • 1915 Jews of Laibach Austria expelled
  • 1916 1st issue of "Journal of Negro History" published
  • 1916 1st first blood transfusion using stored and cooled blood is performed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 T. E. Lawrence joins the forces of the Arabian sheik Feisal al Husayn, beginning his adventures that will lead him to Damascus by October, 1918

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • 1918 Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
  • 1919 Belorussian SSR established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1919 British naval officer David Beatty is promoted to full admiral
  • 1920 The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • 1922 Vancouver, BC starts driving on the right side of road
  • 1922 Coal miners in the Transvaal, South Africa, embark on a strike in response to a wage cut, which quickly escalated into a large-scale revolt against the government, known as the Rand Rebellion.
  • 1923 Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established

  • 1923 Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMSR.
  • 1924 Grossdeutsche Volksgemeinschaft/Volkische Block replaces NSDAP
  • 1925 Norway's capital Christiania changes name to Oslo
  • 1926 Flood in Rhine strikes Cologne
  • 1927 Communist uprising in West Java
  • 1927 Turkey adopts the Gregorian calendar: December 18, 1926 (Julian), is immediately followed by January 1, 1927 (Gregorian).
  • 1928 1st US air-conditioned office building opens, San Antonio
  • 1928 Algemeene Vereeniging Radio Omroep (AVRO) begins broadcasting (Neth)
  • 1930 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to 2nd lieutenant
  • 1930 Jurgens & Van den Berg merge with Lever Brothers to form Unilever
  • 1932 Jacob Cocey Sr chosen as Mayor of Massillon, Ohio

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1932 Rasse und Siedlungshauptamt publishes Himmler's wedding laws

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1932 The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth.
  • 1934 Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison
  • 1934 Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (US bank guarantor) effective
  • 1934 International Telecommunication Union established
  • 1934 Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring".
  • 1935 Associated Press inaugurates Wirephoto
  • 1935 Eastern Airlines hires Eddie Rickenbacker as GM
  • 1935 President Mustapha Kemal Pasha names himself "Ataturk: Father of Turkey"

  • 1936 1st newspaper to microfilm its current issues, NY Herald Tribune
  • 1937 Anastasio Somoza García becomes President of Nicaragua
  • 1937 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
  • 1937 US Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio
  • 1937 Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Hewlett-Packard is founded by Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard in a garage in Palo Alto, California "the birthplace of Silicon Valley"

Electrical Engineer and Businessman Bill Hewlett
Electrical Engineer and Businessman
Bill Hewlett
  • 1939 Sydney, Australia, swelters in 45 ˚C (113 ˚F) heat, a record for the city.
  • 1941 Netherlands begins taxing wages

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Russian general Georgy Zhukov appointed chief of general staff

Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Georgy Zhukov
  • 1942 US & 25 other countries sign a united declaration against the Axis
  • 1943 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to lt-colonel
  • 1944 Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
  • 1944 General Clark replaces Gen Patton as commander of 7th Army
  • 1945 German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
  • 1946 ENIAC, US 1st computer finished by Mauchly/Eckert

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
  • 1946 National Assembly proclaims Hungary a republic
  • 1947 Benelux agrees to work related issues
  • 1947 Britain nationalizes its coal industry
  • 1948 1st color newsreel filmed (Pasadena, California)
  • 1948 General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective
  • 1948 Orissa province accedes to India
  • 1948 Transport Act of 1947 comes into force in the United Kingdom, nationalizing the British rail system under the name British Railways
  • 1948 After partition, India declines to pay the agreed share of Rs.550 million in cash balances to Pakistan.

Birthdays in History

  • 1927 Maurice Béjart, French choreographer (d. 2007)

Person of interestVernon L. Smith

1927 Vernon L. Smith, American economist and Nobel laureate, born in Wichita, Kansas

Economist Vernon L. Smith
Vernon L. Smith
  • 1928 Abdul Sattar Edhi, Pakistani philanthropist (Edhi Foundation), born in Bantva, Gujarat (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Holling Gustav Vapor, character on Northern Exposure
  • 1930 Gaafar Muhammad Nimeiry, premier/president (Sudan)
  • 1931 Siddig El Nigoumi, ceramicist
  • 1932 Arnfried G D P, Dutch manufacturer (breadcrumbs)/drugs dealer
  • 1933 James A. Abrahamson, American Air Force general and astronaut
  • 1933 Frederick Lowy, Canadian educator
  • 1935 Valentin Nikolaevich N Benderov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1935 B. Kliban, American cartoonist known for his drawings of cats, usually with horrible puns (Love to Eat Them Mousies), born in Norwalk, Connecticut (d. 1990)
  • 1936 James Sinegal, American businessman, co-founder and CEO of Costco, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1937 Adam Wiśniewski-Snerg, Polish author (d. 1995)
  • 1938 Bill Emerson, (Rep-R-MO, 1981- )
  • 1938 Robert Jankel, British coachbuilder (d. 2005)
  • 1938 Fuad Masum, 7th President of Iraq (2014-present), born in Koya, Iraq
  • 1942 Gennadi Vassilyevich Sarafanov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 15)
  • 1942 Martin Frost, (Rep-D-TX, 1971- )
  • 1942 Alassane Ouattara, Former Prime Minister of Ivory Coast
  • 1943 Raghunath Anant Mashelkar, Indian scientist
  • 1943 Tony Knowles, 9th Governor of Alaska
  • 1944 Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Pakistani politician

Person of interestOmar al-Bashir

1944 Omar al-Bashir, Sudanese politician and 7th President of Sudan (1989-2019), born in Hosh Bannaga, Sudan

President of Sudan Omar al-Bashir
President of Sudan
Omar al-Bashir
  • 1945 Peter Duncan, Australian politician
  • 1945 Glen Loates, Canadian artist and painter of wildlife and landscapes, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1946 Carl B. Hamilton, Swedish economist and politician
  • 1947 Alexei Ivanovich Bobrov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1947 Peter Lankhorst, Dutch politician (PPR), born in Zwolle, Netherlands
  • 1947 Vladimir Georgiyevich Titov, Rus cosmonaut (Soyuz T-8, TM-4, STS 63)
  • 1947 Jon Corzine, American politician
  • 1948 Pavel Grachev, Russian general
  • 1949 Nikolai Tikhonovich Moskalenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1949 Peter Dormer, arts writer
  • 1950 Svetlana Georgievna Beregovkina, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1950 Yevgeni Vladimirovich Saley, cosmonaut
  • 1951 Frans Kellendonk, author (Ruin, The Good for Nothing)
  • 1951 Ashfaq Hussain, Urdu poet
  • 1953 Gary Johnson, American businessman, politician and Libertarian Party nominee for President in 2016, born in Minot, North Dakota
  • 1954 Bob Menendez, American politician
  • 1956 Anatoli Borisovich Polonsky, Russian lt-colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1956 Sergei Vasiliyevich Avdeyev, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-15, SK:TM-28)
  • 1956 Mark R. Hughes, American entrepreneur (d. 2000)

Person of interestChristine Lagarde

1956 Christine Lagarde, French lawyer and politician, 1st female head of the IMF, born in Paris

Lawyer, Politician and International Bureaucrat Christine Lagarde
Lawyer, Politician and International Bureaucrat
Christine Lagarde
  • 1957 Evangelos Venizelos, Greek lawyer, professor and politician
  • 1959 Abdul Ahad Mohmand, Afghanistan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6)
  • 1959 Azali Assoumani, Comorian president (2016 - present), born in Mitsoudjé, Comoros
  • 1962 Ravshanbek Aliyev, Kirgiz, cosmonaut
  • 1967 John Digweed, English DJ
  • 1969 Christi Paul, American news anchor
  • 1973 Anwar Mansoor Mangrio, Sindhi poet & research scholar.
  • 1975 Eiichiro Oda, Japanese Manga artist (One Piece - best selling Manga series and comic series ever), born in Kumamoto, Japan
  • 1978 Paramahamsa Sri Nithyananda, Indian spiritualist
  • 1980 Elin Nordegren, Swedish model

Weddings in History

Deaths in History

  • 2012 Nay Win Maung, Burmese physician & pro-democracy activist, dies from a heart attack at 50
  • 2015 Mario Cuomo, American Democratic Party politician and the 52nd Governor of New York (1983-95), dies of a heart condition at 82
  • 2015 Boris Morukov, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 64
  • 2015 Ninón Sevilla, Cuban-Mexican actress (Aventurera, Víctimas del Pecado), dies at 85
  • 2015 Omar Karami, Lebanese Prime Minister (1992-94, 2004-05), dies at 80
  • 2016 Fazu Aliyeva, Russian poet, novelist and journalist who helped develop Dagestani in Russian literature, dies from heart failure at 83
  • 2016 Michael G. Oxley, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1981-2007), dies at 71
  • 2016 Dale Bumpers, American politician (Sen-D Arkansas, 1975-99), dies at 90
  • 2017 Derek Parfit, British philosopher who specialized in problems of personal identity, rationality and ethics, dies at 74
  • 2018 John V Tunney, American politician (Rep/Sen-D-California), dies of prostate cancer at 83
  • 2019 George, the last Hawaiian tree snail of his kind (Achatinella apexfulva species), dies at the University of Hawaii aged 14 years