On This Day

On This Day in History for January 1 (Part 3)

Events in History

Events 201 - 300 of 382

  • 1948 The Constitution of Italy comes into force
  • 1949 Tokelau (Union) Islands declared part of New Zealand
  • 1950 Dutch government raises all wages 5%, minimally fl. 5 per week

BattleBattle of Interest

1950 Ho Chi Minh begins offensive against French troops in Indo China

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 1950 The state of Ajaigarh is ceded to the Government of India.
  • 1951 Massive Chinese/North Korean assault on UN-lines
  • 1953 Ernest Blochs "Suite Hebraique," premieres
  • 1953 The Bantu Education Act (later renamed the Black Education Act) commenced, providing the legal underpinning of several aspects of the apartheid system, most importantly in education

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Yugoslav parliament chairman and Vice President Milovan Djilas criticizes communism

Politician and Writer Milovan Djilas
Politician and Writer
Milovan Djilas
  • 1955 Bhutan issues its 1st postage stamps
  • 1956 Sudan (Anglo-Egyptian Sudan) declares independence from Egypt & UK
  • 1956 A new year event causes panic and stampedes at Yahiko Shrine, Yahiko, central Niigata, Japan, killing at least 124 people
  • 1957 France returns Saar to becomes the 10th state of German Federal Rep
  • 1957 International Geophysical Year begins; ends 6/30/1958 (18-mo year)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 George Town, Penang becomes a city by a royal charter granted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1957 An Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit attacks Brookeborough RUC barracks in one of the most famous incidents of the IRA's Operation Harvest.

  • 1958 BOAC Britannia flies London to NY in a record 7h57m
  • 1958 European Economic Community, better known as the European Common Market starts operation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Cuban Dictator Fulgencio Batista flees Cuba for the Dominican Republic

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • 1959 Chad becomes autonomous republic in French Community
  • 1959 Rohan Kanhai completes 256 v India at Calcutta
  • 1960 Bank of France issues new franc, worth 100 times the value of existing francs
  • 1960 Cameroon (French Cameroon) gains independence from France
  • 1960 Montserrat adopts constitution
  • 1960 A photograph of a South African boy in a torn vest is published in the Daily Herald; it was illegal to employ a 'native' under 18 in the mines under the Native Labour Regulation Act
  • 1961 Largest check issued, National Bank of Chicago to Sears ($960.242 billion)
  • 1961 Russia introduces a new ruble worth $1.11
  • 1961 1st AFL Championship, Jeppesen Stadium, Houston; Houston Oilers beat Los Angeles Chargers, 24-16; QB George Blanda 3 TD passes, 3 conversions and a field goal
  • 1962 Rwanda granted internal self-government by Belgium
  • 1962 Western Samoa gains independence from New Zealand Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes co-chief of Western Samoa
  • 1962 United States Navy SEALs established.
  • 1963 G Woods succeeds Eugene Black as president of the World Bank
  • 1964 Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland dissolved
  • 1965 International Cooperation Year begins
  • 1965 Palestinian al-Fatah organization forms
  • 1965 The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan is founded in Kabul.

  • 1966 12 day transit worker strike shuts down NYC subway

KnighthoodDictator Bokassa I

1966 Military coup by Col. Jean-Bédel Bokassa in Central African Republic leads to his dictatorship

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Jean-Bédel Bokassa is crowned as 'Emperor of Central Africa' atop a golden throne in 1976
Jean-Bédel Bokassa is crowned as 'Emperor of Central Africa' atop a golden throne in 1976
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  • 1966 All US cigarette packs have to carry "Caution Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health"
  • 1967 FCC requires AM-FM sister stations to be at least 50% different
  • 1967 St Helena adopts constitution
  • 1967 Tonga revises constitution
  • 1968 Netherlands gets color TV
  • 1968 Pennsylvania Railroad and NYC Central merge into Pennsylvania Central
  • 1969 People's Democracy (PD) begin a march from Belfast to Derry, inspired by ML King's Selma to Montgomery march in the US
  • 1970 "The Epoch" (Time 0 for UNIX systems, Midnight GMT)
  • 1970 Afro-American Historical Calendar Series Established
  • 1970 The Netherland Christian Workers Union (NCW) forms
  • 1970 Revised calendar for Western (RC) Church goes into effect
  • 1970 The University College of Zululand, formerly affiliated to the University of South Africa, attains full academic autonomy as the University of Zululand.
  • 1970 The Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR), an infantry regiment of the British Army, comes into existence
  • 1970 US Federal oil depletion allowance reduced from 27.5 to 22.0 percent
  • 1971 Cigarette advertisements banned on TV
  • 1972 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1972 International Book Year begins
  • 1972 Policewomen are enlisted as full members of South African Police Force for the first time.

  • 1973 Britain, Ireland and Denmark become 7th, 8th and 9th members of the European Common Market
  • 1973 West African Economic Community formed (Benin, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Upper Volta)
  • 1974 World Population Year begins
  • 1974 With effect from this date the New Zealand government terminates all tariff preferences previously granted to South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 H. R. Haldeman, Ehrlichman, Mitchell and Mardian convicted of Watergate crimes

Nixon's White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman
Nixon's White House Chief of Staff
H. R. Haldeman
  • 1975 International Women's Year begins
  • 1975 Sweden adopts constitution
  • 1975 U.S. Federal oil depletion allowance eliminated for large producers

USALiberty Bell

1976 Liberty Bell moves to new home across the street from Independence Hall, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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The Liberty Bell on its ornate stand, 1872
The Liberty Bell on its ornate stand, 1872
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  • 1976 Venezuela nationalizes oil fields
  • 1977 1st woman formally ordained an Episcopal priest (Jacqueline Means)
  • 1977 Belgium reapportions 2,359 communities into 596
  • 1977 Czech intellects begin Human Rights Group Chapter 77
  • 1978 Air India B747 explodes near Bombay killing 213
  • 1978 News editor Donald Woods finally arrives in London after escaping the apartheid regime in South Africa
  • 1978 Los Angeles Police chief Edward Davis retires from police force
  • 1979 International Year of the Child begins
  • 1979 Jura, 26th canton of Switzerland, established
  • 1979 US & China (Peoples Republic) begin diplomatic relations
  • 1980 Chrysler UK renamed Talbot

  • 1980 International Decade of Water & Sanitation begins
  • 1980 Mob storms Russian embassy in Tehran
  • 1980 Premier Adbou Diouf becomes president of Senegal
  • 1980 Sweden changes order of succession to throne
  • 1980 Victoria is crowned princess of Sweden.
  • 1981 Greece is 10th country to join European Economic Community
  • 1981 International Year for the Disabled begins
  • 1981 Palau (Trust Territory of Pacific Is) becomes self-governing
  • 1981 Roger Smith becomes CEO of General Motors
  • 1982 30 Something stars Ken Olin & Patricia Wettig meet, later they marry
  • 1982 Peru's Javier Pérez de Cuéllar becomes the 5th Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • 1982 MTA launches a 5 year capital program to upgrade the NYC subway system

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Pope John Paul II prays for an end to martial law in Poland

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1983 World Communications Year begins
  • 1983 TCP/IP protocols become the only approved protocol on the ARPANET, replacing the earlier NCP protocol
  • 1984 AT&T's 22 owned Bell system companies divests into 8 companies
  • 1984 Brunei becomes independent of UK
  • 1984 NYC transit fare rises from 75 cents to 90 cents
  • 1985 International Youth Year begins
  • 1985 US's 1st mandatory seat belt law goes into effect (NY)
  • 1985 VH-1 made its broadcasting debut
  • 1985 The Internet's Domain Name System is created.
  • 1985 The first British mobile phone call is made by Ernie Wise to Vodafone
  • 1986 Aruba becomes independent from neighbor island Curacao

Birthdays in History

Weddings in History

Deaths in History