On This Day

On This Day in History for January 20

Events in History

  • 250 St Fabian ends his reign as Catholic Pope (236-50)
  • 1045 Giovanni di Sabina elected Pope Sylvester III
  • 1156 According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of Lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland
  • 1265 First English Parliament summoned other than by royal command (in this instance by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester) mets in Westminster Hall
  • 1320 Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes King of Poland
  • 1356 Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scots
  • 1502 The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro is first explored
  • 1503 Casa de Contratación (House of Trade) established by the Crown of Castile in the port of Seville to deal with American affairs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1513 Christian II succeeds Johan I as Danish and Norwegian king

King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway Christian II
King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway
Christian II
  • 1523 Christian II is forced to abdicate as King of Denmark and Norway
  • 1576 The Mexican city of León is founded by order of viceroy Don Martín Enríquez de Almansa
  • 1613 Peace of Knarod ends War of Kalmar between Denmark & Sweden
  • 1648 Cornerstone of Amsterdam townhall laid
  • 1667 Treaty of Andrussovo ends 13 year war between Poland & Russia
  • 1778 1st American military court martial trial begins in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1781 1st edition of Pieter It Hoens "Post of Neder-Rhijn" published
  • 1785 Samuel Ellis advertises to sell Oyster Island (Ellis Island), no takers
  • 1788 Pioneer African Baptist church organizes in Savannah, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1801 John Marshall appointed US chief justice

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 Napoleon convenes great Sanhedrin, Paris

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1809 1st US geology book published by William Maclure
  • 1839 Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance
  • 1840 Dumont D'Urville discovers Adélie Land, Antarctica
  • 1840 Dutch King Willem II crowned
  • 1841 China cedes Hong Kong to the British during the 1st Opium War

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1850 HMS Investigator headed by Robert McClure leaves England, 1st expedition to make a Northwest passage (though some over ice)

Explorer Robert McClure
Robert McClure
  • 1860 Dutch troops conquer Watampone in Celebes
  • 1866 Prim's Insurrection in Spain ends
  • 1868 Florida constitutional convention meets in Tallahassee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before US Congress

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • 1870 "City of Boston" vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1870 Hiram R. Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis as US Senator for Mississippi

Minister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels
Minister and US Senator
Hiram R. Revels
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1872 California Stock Exchange Board organized
  • 1879 British troops under Lord Chelmsford make camp at Isandlwana
  • 1887 US Senate approves naval base lease of Pearl Harbor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 US begins supervising the Dominican Republic's national and international debts, testing President Theodore Roosevelt's "Corollary" to the Monroe Doctrine

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1914 The first group of Transvaal Indian women satyagrahis are released from Pietermaritzburg Prison in South Africa after three months imprisonment
  • 1920 Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
  • 1920 The American Civil Liberties Union is founded
  • 1921 British submarine HMS K5 (which was unusually equipped with steam turbines) sinks with 57 crew during exercises in the Bay of Biscay
  • 1921 Dagestan ASSR forms in RSFSR
  • 1921 Mountain Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR
  • 1921 Republic of Turkey declared out of remnants of Ottoman Empire
  • 1925 The Soviet and Japan sign a convention resuming relations: Russia agrees to limit revolutionary activity of the Third Communist International, while Japan agrees to leave the Sakhalin
  • 1926 2nd German government of Luther begins
  • 1929 1st feature talking motion picture taken outdoors, "In Old Arizona"
  • 1930 1st radio broadcast of "Lone Ranger" (WXYZ-Detroit)
  • 1934 Japan sends Henry Pu Yi as regent to emperor of Manchuria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Edward VIII succeeds British King George V

King of the United Kingdom Edward VIII
King of the United Kingdom
Edward VIII
  • 1937 -45°F (-43°C), Boca, California (state record)
  • 1937 1st US Presidential Inauguration day held on Jan 20th, (previously March 4th)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Chinese Communist leaders re-organize the New Fourth Army in defiance of Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek's order for it to be disbanded

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1942 Japanese invade Burma

Conference of InterestWannsee Conference

1942 Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee Conference in Berlin to organize the "final solution", the extermination of Europe's Jews

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Adolf Eichmann's infamous list with estimates of the number of Jews in European countries as presented at the Wannsee Conference
Adolf Eichmann's infamous list with estimates of the number of Jews in European countries as presented at the Wannsee Conference
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  • 1943 Lead, South Dakota, temperature is 52°F, while 1.5 miles away Deadwood records -16°F

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Operation Weiss: German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian troops attempt to retake land liberated by Tito's partisans

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • 1944 RAF drops 2,300 ton of bombs on Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented (and never to be repeated) 4th term as US President

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1945 The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
  • 1946 F Gouin follows De Gaulle as temporary leader of French government
  • 1947 Brigadier General Edwin K Wright, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 US President Harry Truman announces his four point program

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1950 Suriname becomes independent part in Realm of Netherlands
  • 1952 British army occupies Ismailiya, Suez Canal Zone
  • 1953 1st US telecast transmitted to Canada from Buffalo, New York

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 1st live US coast-to-coast inauguration address (Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1954 -70°F (-57°C), Rogers Pass, Montana (US 48 state record)
  • 1954 The National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations.
  • 1957 Gomulka wins Poland's parliamentary election
  • 1957 Morton Gould's "Declaration" premieres in Washington, D.C.
  • 1958 A group attempting the 1st surface crossing of Antarctic join up at the South Pole
  • 1960 Patrice Lumumba sentenced to 6 months in Belgian Congo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Yugoslav ex-vice-president Milovan Djilas flees

Politician and Writer Milovan Djilas
Politician and Writer
Milovan Djilas

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1961 Democrat John F. Kennedy, the youngest elected President of the United States, is administered his oath of office at his inauguration by Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren. Robert Frost recites "Gift Outright".

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
Jurist and Governor of California Earl Warren
Jurist and Governor of California
Earl Warren
Poet Robert Frost
Robert Frost
  • 1965 The Byrds record "Mr Tambourine Man"
  • 1965 The US Jet Propulsion Laboratory proposes modified Apollo flight to fly around Mars & return

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1965 Generalissimo Francisco Franco meets with Jewish representatives to discuss legitimizing Jewish communities in Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1968 US male Figure Skating championship won by Tim Wood
  • 1969 Richard M Nixon inaugurated as US president
  • 1969 U of Az reports 1st optical id of pulsar (in Crab Nebula)
  • 1970 Super Fight, computer mock championship between Ali & Marciano; Marciano won.
  • 1972 Six oil exporting countries conclude meetings with Western oil companies; an agreement is reached to raise the price of crude
  • 1972 Number of people out of work and claiming unemployment benefit in UK rises to over 1 million
  • 1973 A car bomb explodes in Sackville Place, Dublin, Republic of Ireland, killing 1 person and injuring 17 (no organisation claimed responsibility)

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1973 Richard Nixon's second inauguration as President of the United States takes place in Washington, D.C.

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1974 7th ABA All-Star Game: East 128 beats West 112 at Virginia
  • 1975 Terrence McNally's play "Ritz" premieres in NYC
  • 1977 George H. W. Bush ends his term as 11th director of CIA replaced by E. Henry Knoche as acting director

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 1 million Iranians march in Tehran in a show of support for the exiled Ayatollah Khomeini, fundamentalist Muslim leader

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1980 US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne
  • 1980 US male Figure Skating championship won by Charles Tickner
  • 1981 Adm Stansfield Turner, USN (Ret), ends term as 12th director of CIA
  • 1981 Frank C. Carlucci, ends his term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1981 Islander Glenn Resch's 25th & last shut-out opponent-Flames 5-0

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1981 Ronald Reagan inaugurated as the 40th President of the United States of America

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan

IranIran Hostage Crisis

1981 The US diplomats and citizens held hostage at the US embassy in Tehran are released and begin their journey home after 444 days

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Iranian students storm the walls of the US Embassy in Tehran
Iranian students storm the walls of the US Embassy in Tehran
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  • 1982 7 miners killed in an explosion in Craynor Ky
  • 1982 Honduras constitution goes into effect
  • 1982 Piet Dankert elected chairman of European Parliament

MurderMurder of Interest

1983 American gangster Roy DeMeo is found murdered in his car trunk after disappearing a few days earlier

Gangster Roy DeMeo
Roy DeMeo

Birthdays in History

  • 225 Gordian III, Roman Emperor (d. 244)
  • 1292 Elisabeth I of Bohemia (d. 1330)
  • 1358 Eleanor of Aragon, wife of John I of Castile (d. 1382)
  • 1435 Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (d. 1490)
  • 1554 King Sebastian of Portugal (d. 1578)
  • 1622 Susanna van Baerle, Dutch poet/wife of Geeraert Burns
  • 1651 Edward Tyson, British Physician and father of comparative anatomy (The Anatomy of a Pygmy, 1698)
  • 1654 Michiel de Swaen, South Netherland physician/poet
  • 1664 Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, Italian writer and jurist (d. 1718)
  • 1716 Carlos III, King of Spain (1759-88) and King of Naples and Sicily (1734-59), born in Royal Alcazar of Madrid, Spain (d. 1788)
  • 1716 Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French writer and numismatist (d. 1795)
  • 1732 Richard Henry Lee, American farmer (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Westmoreland county, Virginia (d. 1794)
  • 1775 André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (d. 1836)
  • 1781 Joseph Hormayr Freiherr zu Hortenburg, Austrian politician (d. 1848)
  • 1782 Archduke John of Austria, Austrian general and Regent of Germany (1848), born in Florence (d. 1859)
  • 1798 Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas, born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts (d. 1858)
  • 1804 Eugène Sue, French novelist (d. 1857)
  • 1806 Nathaniel Parker Willis, American writer, editor and founder of the American Monthly Magazine, born in Portland, Maine (d. 1867)
  • 1812 Ralph Pomeroy Buckland, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Leyden, Massachusetts (d. 1892)
  • 1812 Thomas Meik, Scottish engineer (d. 1896)
  • 1813 Jacon Gartner Lauman, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Taneytown, Maryland (d. 1867)
  • 1820 Anne Clough, English suffragette, promoted higher education for women, first principal of New College, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1892)
  • 1831 Piet Joubert, South African general and vice-president, born in Prince Albert, British Cape Colony (d. 1900)
  • 1834 George D. Robinson, 34th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1837 David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1910)
  • 1843 Pierre-Paul Cambon, French diplomat (Madrid, Constantinople, London)
  • 1847 William R. Pettiford, African American minister and banker, founder of the Alabama Penny Savings Bank, born in Granville county, North Carolina (d. 1914)
  • 1865 Friedrich A H von Waldeck, brother of queen Emma/last ruler of Waldeck
  • 1866 Richard Le Gallienne, English writer (Maker of Gainborg)
  • 1873 Charles A Ellwood, American sociologist/psychologist
  • 1873 Johannes V Jensen, Danish novelist/poet (Energy Storage, Nobel 1944)
  • 1880 Walter W. Bacon, American politician (d. 1962)
  • 1883 Betram Home Ramsay, English admiral/Commander Allied Naval Forces
  • 1884 A[braham] Merritt, American sci-fi author (The Moon Pool, Burn Witch Bun), born in Beverly, New Jersey (d. 1943)
  • 1889 Allan Haines Loughead, American aviation executive (d. 1969)
  • 1893 Kaj Birket-Smith, Danish etnologist/anthropologist (Eskimos)
  • 1894 Harold L Gray, creator (Little Orphan Annie)
  • 1898 U Razak, Burmese politician (d. 1947)
  • 1899 Kenjiro Takayanagi, Japanese engineer, born in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka (d. 1990)
  • 1903 Sybil Marion Rosenfeld, English theatre historian, born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1904 Renato Caccioppoli, Italian mathematician, born in Campania, Italy (d. 1959)
  • 1904 Theodore Brameld, American philosopher & educator (Use of Explosive Ideas), born in Neillsville, Wisconsin (d. 1987)
  • 1907 Roy Welensky, Northern Rhodesian politician, born in Harare, Zimbabwe (d. 1991)

Person of interestJoy Adamson

1910 Joy Adamson [Friederike Viktoria Gessner], Austrian naturalist and author (Born Free), born in Troppau, Austria-Hungary (d. 1980)

Naturalist and Author Joy Adamson
Naturalist and Author
Joy Adamson
  • 1910 Lauritz Lauritzen, German politician, born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1980)
  • 1914 Gerald Holtom, British artist and graphic designer (Nuclear Disarmament (ND) logo, which later became an international peace symbol), born in Twickenham, England (d. 1985)
  • 1915 C. W. Ceram, German/ journalist & author (March of Archaeology), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1972)
  • 1915 Ghulam Ishaq Khan, President of Pakistan, born in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan (d. 2006)
  • 1916 Johan Adolf Pengel, Surinamese politician (Prime Minister, 1963-69), born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 1970)
  • 1916 Walter Bartley, English biochemist, born in Brighton, London (d. 1994)
  • 1920 Peter Clemoes, British historian, born in Southend-on-Sea, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Richard J. C. Atkinson, British archaeologist, born in Evershot, United Kingdom (d. 1994)
  • 1920 Sam Gibbons, American politician (Rep-D-FL, 1963- ), born in Tampa, Florida (d. 2012)
  • 1920 Ely Landau, American television and film producer (Play of the Week; Long Day's Journey into Night; King: A Filmed Record... Montgomery to Memphis), born in New York City (d. 1993)
  • 1921 Bernt Engelmann, German writer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1922 James Hanson, English industrialist, born in Huddersfield, United Kingdom (d. 2004)
  • 1925 Ernesto Cardenal, Nicaraguan Catholic priest, politician and writer, born in Granada, Nicaragua
  • 1925 Eugen Gomringer, Bolivian-born German poet, born in Cachuela Esperanza, Bolivia
  • 1926 Jamiluddin Aali, Pakistani poet & writer, born in New Delhi, India (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Qurratulain Hyder, Indian Urdu novelist & writer, born in Aligarh, India (d. 2007)
  • 1927 Geoffrey Atkins, British World Champion racket player (1954-72)
  • 1927 Olivier Strebelle, Belgian sculptor, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 2017)
  • 1929 Bob Denard, French soldier & mercenary, born in Grayan-et-l'Hôpital, France (d. 2007)

Person of interestBuzz Aldrin

1930 Buzz Aldrin, American astronaut & fighter pilot (Gem 12, Ap 11), born in Montclair, New Jersey

Astronaut Buzz Aldrin
Buzz Aldrin
  • 1931 Sawako Ariyoshi, Japanese writer (Compound Pollution, Doctor's Wife), born in Wakayama, Japan (d. 1984)
  • 1935 Joan Weston, American Roller Derby Queen, born in Huntington Beach, California (d. 1997)
  • 1939 Nalin Chandra Wickramasinghe, Sri Lankan-born British mathematician & astronomer, born in Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • 1939 Paul Coverdell, American politician, born in Des Moines, Iowa (d. 2000)
  • 1941 Richard Friedman, American psychoanalyst who proved sexual orientation was biological, born in the Bronx, New York (d. 2020)
  • 1944 Eddie Shah, English businessman & publisher (Today, Post), born in Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • 1946 Susan Vreeland, American author (The Passion of Artemisia), born in Racine, Wisconsin (d. 2017)
  • 1947 Stephen A. Schwarzman, American CEO of The Blackstone Group & Chairman of President Trump's Strategic and Policy Forum, born in Huntingdon Valley, Pennsylvania
  • 1948 Jerry Ross, American Air Force officer & NASA astronaut (STS 61B, 27, 37, 55, 74, sk:88), born in Crown Point, Indiana
  • 1948 Natan Sharansky, Israeli politician & human rights activist, born in Donetsk, Ukraine
  • 1948 Nancy Kress, American science fiction writer, born in Buffalo, New york
  • 1950 Edward Hirsch, American poet, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1950 Mahamane Ousmane, President of Niger, born in Zinder, Niger
  • 1951 Magomed Omarovich Tolboyev, Russian cosmonaut & test-pilot, born in Sogratl', Russia
  • 1955 Joe Doherty, Irish IRA activist (jailed in US), born in Belfast, Ireland
  • 1956 Maria Larsson, Swedish politician, born in Långasjö, Sweden
  • 1959 Joel Rifkin, American serial killer believed to have killed up to 17 victims between 1989 and 1993 in NYC and Long Island, born in New York
  • 1959 Bernard Tyson, American healthcare advocate & 1st African American CEO of Kaiser Permanente, born in San Francisco Bay Area, California
  • 1964 Kazushige Nojima, Japanese video game writer, born in Hokkaido, Japan
  • 1969 Patrick K. Kroupa, American hacker & activist, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1972 Nikki Haley, American politician & diplomat (Governor South Carolina, 2011-17; US UN Ambassador, 2017-), born in Bamberg, South Carolina
  • 1973 Queen Mathilde of Belgium, born in Uccle, Belgium
  • 1980 Philippe Cousteau Jr., French oceanographer and grandson of Jacques Cousteau, born in Santa Monica, California

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1382 King Richard II of England marries Anne of Bohemia and daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor at Westminster Abbey. Anne dies of plague in 1394.

King of England Richard II
King of England
Richard II
  • 1800 Napoleon I's sister Carolina marries King Joachim Murat of Naples

Deaths in History

  • 250 Fabianus, Pope (236-50)/saint, dies
  • 288 St. Sebastian, early Christian martyr (commemorated as his feast day)
  • 820 Muslim jurist Abu Abdallah M ibn Idris al-Sjafi'i, dies
  • 842 Theophilus, Byzantine kaiser (829-42), dies
  • 882 Louis II/III the Younger, German king (876-82), dies
  • 1156 Bishop Henry, patron saint of Finland
  • 1191 Frederick VI, Duke of Swabia (b. 1167)
  • 1479 John II, King of Aragon and Navarre, dies at 81
  • 1569 Miles Coverdale, English bishop and translator of the Great Bible (the first authorized English translation of the Bible), dies at about 80
  • 1612 Rudolf II von Habsburg, Emperor of Germany (1576-1612), dies at 59
  • 1639 Mustapha I, sultan of Turkey (1622-23), dies
  • 1666 Anna of Austria, Spanish princess, Austrian archduchess, Queen of France as wife of Louis XIII and regent of France (1643-51) for her son Louis XIV, dies of breast cancer at 64
  • 1707 Humphrey Hody, English theologian (b. 1659)
  • 1709 François de la Chaise, French confessor of Louis XIV of France, dies at 84
  • 1713 Pavao Vitezovic, Croatian historian, dies
  • 1727 John van Bylevelt, Catholic apostole, dies
  • 1739 Francesco Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer, dies at 80
  • 1745 Charles VII Albert, German Emperor (1742-45), dies at 47
  • 1751 John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, English politician, dies at 85
  • 1770 Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1722)
  • 1810 Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania, dies at 87
  • 1813 Christoph Martin Wieland, German poet and writer (Oberon), dies at 79
  • 1819 Carlos IV [English: Charles], King of Spain (1788-1808), dies at 70
  • 1837 John Soane, English architect (Book of Designs, Soane Museum), dies at 84
  • 1841 Jørgen Jørgensen, Danish explorer and adventurer (attempted to rule Iceland), dies at 60
  • 1848 Christian VIII, King of Denmark (1839-1848) and King of Norway (1814), dies of blood poisoning at 61
  • 1850 Adam Oehlenschläger, Danish poet (b. 1779)
  • 1862 Felix Zollicoffer, Gen killed after mistakenly riding into Union lines
  • 1873 The Venerable Father Basil Anthony Marie Moreau, Founder of the Congregation of Holy Cross (b. 1799)
  • 1875 Jean-François Millet, French painter (b. 1814)
  • 1882 John Linnell, British painter/minaturist/engraver, dies
  • 1891 David Kalākaua, King of the Hawaiian Islands (1874-91), dies at 54
  • 1896 Henry von Battenberg, German son-in-law of Queen Victoria, dies at 37
  • 1900 John Ruskin, English writer (Dearest Mama Talbot), dies of flu at 81
  • 1900 R. D. Blackmore, English novelist (Norie, Lorna Doone), dies at 74
  • 1901 Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer (Gramme dynamo), dies at 74

Person of interestGeorge V

1936 George V, King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India (1910-36), dies at 70 after being euthanized by his doctor

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • 1940 Omar Bundy, U.S. Army general (Spanish–American War in Cuba), dies at 78
  • 1944 James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist, dies at 83
  • 1947 Josh Gibson, Negro League slugger, dies of a brain tumor at age 35
  • 1949 Joseph Cuypers, architect Dutch (Amsterdam Stock Exchange), dies at 87
  • 1955 Robert P.T. Coffin, American poet ("Strange Holiness", Pulitzer Prize, 1936), writer, and editor (Yankee Magazine), dies of a heart attack at 62
  • 1957 James Connolly, 1st Oly winner (1896) since Barasdates (369 CE), dies
  • 1962 Robinson Jeffers, poet/playwright (Dear Judas), dies at 75
  • 1971 Antonio Bacci, Italian cardinal, dies at 85
  • 1973 Amilcar Cabral, Bissau-Guinean nationalist leader, fought for Guinea Bissau independence, murdered at 51
  • 1973 Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician (b. 1885)
  • 1974 Edmund Blunden, English poet and critic (Undertones of War) dies at 77
  • 1988 Dora Stratou, Greek choreographer and folklorist (b. 1903)
  • 1990 Naruhito Higashi-Kuni, Japanese PM (1945), dies
  • 1990 Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni, Japanese imperial prince and 30th Prime Minister of Japan, dies at 102
  • 1992 Muhammad Abd al-Khaliq Hassuna, Secretary-General of Arab League (1952-72), dies
  • 1993 Mercer McCleod, entertainer, dies of heart failure at 86
  • 1994 Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, Kenyan vice-pres (1963-66), dies at about 81
  • 1995 Mehdi Bazargan, director Iranian oil corp/premier (1979), dies at 86
  • 1996 David Robin Francis Guy Greville, 8th Duke of Warwick, dies at 61
  • 1996 Ellis Hillman, politician, dies at 68
  • 1996 Sidney Korshak, lawyer, dies at 87
  • 1997 Edith Haisman, the oldest survivor of Titanic, dies at 100
  • 1997 Vladimir Yamnikov, owner (Kristall vodka), dies of cirrhosis at 56
  • 1998 Zevulun Hammer, Israeli politician, minister and Deputy Prime Minister of Israel (1996-98), dies at 61
  • 2003 Al Hirschfeld, American caricaturist (NINA, NY Times), dies at 99
  • 2005 Per Borten, 18th Prime Minister of Norway (1965-71), dies at 91
  • 2005 Roland Frye, American literary critic and theologian (b. 1921)
  • 2005 Jan Nowak-Jeziorański, Polish journalist, writer, and politician (b. 1913)
  • 2005 Miriam Louisa Rothschild, British zoologist, entomologist, and author (b. 1908)
  • 2007 Anatol Rapoport, Ukrainian-American mathematician and biologist (game theory), dies at 95
  • 2009 Stéphanos II Ghattas, Patriarch Emeritus of Alexandria for the Coptic Catholic Church (b. 1920)
  • 2009 Stan Hagen, Canadian politician (b. 1940)
  • 2009 Sheila O'Nions Walsh (aka Sheila Walsh, Sophie Leyton), English romance writer (b. 1928)
  • 2012 John F Baker Jnr, United States Army Master Sergeant and Medal of Honour recipient dies at 66
  • 2016 George Weidenfeld, British publisher (Weidenfeld & Nicolson), dies at 96
  • 2016 David G. Hartwell, American editor and anthologist, dies at 74
  • 2018 Paul Bocuse, French great chef (Legion of Honor), dies of Parkinson's disease at 91
  • 2018 Jack Whitten, American abstract painter, dies of chronic leukemia at 78
  • 2018 Naomi Parker Fraley, American who inspired "Rosie the Riveter" poster, dies at 96
  • 2019 Dumisani Kumalo, South African anti-apartheid activist and UN ambassador, dies at 71