On This Day in History for January 22

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 128

  • 565 Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus
  • 871 Battle of Basing: Danish invasion army beats Saxon Ethelred of Wessex
  • 1371 King Robert II of Scotland crowned, first monach of the House of Steward
  • 1506 The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrive at the Vatican
  • 1510 Jews are expelled from Colmar, Alsace
  • 1517 Ottoman forces take Cairo, capital of the Mamluk Sultanate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1528 England & France declare war on Emperor Charles V

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1584 Parts of Switzerland adopt Gregorian calendar (& parts in 1812)
  • 1588 Pope Sixtus V decrees "Immense aeterni" (Reformed curia)
  • 1673 Postal service between New York & Boston inaugurated
  • 1689 Lord Halifax becomes Speaker of English House of Lords
  • 1689 Prince William of Orange (future King William III of Britain), summons Convention Parliament to discuss ruling jointly with his wife Mary (daughter of exiled King James II)
  • 1690 Iroquois tribes renew allegiance to British against French
  • 1758 Russian troops occupy Königsberg, East Prussia [OS=Jan 11]
  • 1760 Battle at Wandewash India: British troops beat French
  • 1771 Spain cedes Falkland Islands to Britain
  • 1775 Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw, Poland
  • 1798 Coup d'état in Batavian Republic
  • 1813 Americans capture Frenchtown, Michigan Territory
  • 1814 1st Knights Templar grand encampment in US held in New York City

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1816 Lord Byron completes poems "Parisina" and "Siege of Corinth"

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron
  • 1817 British freighter Diana sinks off Malaya
  • 1824 Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1831 Charles Darwin takes his Bachelors of Art exam

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1837 Earthquake in southern Syria kills thousands
  • 1840 New Zealand Company settlers arrive aboard the Aurora at Te Whanganui a Tara, which becomes Port Nicholson, Wellington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1842 Charles Dickens arrives in Boston, Massachusetts with his wife, Catherine

Novelist Charles Dickens
Novelist
Charles Dickens
  • 1850 Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in Calif
  • 1859 Brahms' 1st piano concerto (in D minor) premieres in Hanover
  • 1862 Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20
  • 1863 Union General Burnside's "Mud March"
  • 1873 British SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness, England, 300 die
  • 1877 Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices
  • 1879 Zulu warriors attack British Army camp in Isandhlwana, South Africa
  • 1879 James Shields (D) elected US senator from Missouri after previously serving as US senator from Illinois & Minnesota
  • 1879 Battle of Rorke's Drift: British garrison of 150 holds off 3,000-4,000 Zulu warriors. Eleven Victoria Crosses and a number of other decorations were awarded to the defenders.
  • 1881 Ancient Egyptian obelisk "Cleopatra's Needle" erected in Central Park, New York
  • 1883 England complete 1st innings victory in Tests v Australia at MCG
  • 1889 Columbia Phonograph was formed in Washington, D.C.
  • 1890 Jose Marti forms La Liga (Union of Cuban exiles) in NYC
  • 1895 National Association of Manufacturers organized in Cincinnati
  • 1899 Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 After 63 years Britain stops sale of Queen Victoria postage stamps series & begins King Edward VII series

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1903 The Hay-Herran Treaty concerning the USA's right to the Panama Canal is signed by the Colombian Charge d'affaires in Washington, D.C. (never ratified)
  • 1905 In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'
  • 1906 SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130
  • 1909 Vassily Kandinsky forms Kunstlerverein in Munich
  • 1914 Paul Claudel's play "L'échange" premieres in Paris
  • 1918 Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)
  • 1924 Dutch Blast Furnace & Steel Factory opens
  • 1924 KGO-AM in San Francisco CA begins radio transmissions

  • 1925 Albania Republic proclaimed under President Achmed Zogu
  • 1926 Belgian chief of staff General Maglinse quits
  • 1930 -35°F (-37°C), Mount Carroll, Illinois (state record)
  • 1931 French government of Steeg falls
  • 1931 VARA begins experimental TV broadcast in Diamantbeurs Amsterdam
  • 1931 Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia
  • 1938 "Our Town", Thornton Wilder's Pulitzer-winner of small-town life in Grover's Corners, New Hampshire, premieres (NJ)
  • 1939 Aquatic Park, near Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco dedicated
  • 1941 1st mass killing of Jews in Romania
  • 1941 British and Australian troops capture Tobruk from Italians
  • 1942 Sietze de Groot wins 8th Dutch 11 city skate (8:44:06)
  • 1943 66.3 cm precipitation at Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
  • 1943 Allied Joint Chiefs of Staff determine invasion in Sicily for July 10th
  • 1943 Temperature rises 49°F (9°C) in 2 minutes in Spearfish, South Dakota
  • 1944 Allied forces begin landing at Anzio on the Italian mainland
  • 1945 Burma highway reopens
  • 1945 Heavy US air raid on Okinawa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 US president Harry Truman sets up the Central Intelligence Agency

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1949 Chinatown telephone exchange closed
  • 1951 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Johncrowe Ransom
  • 1951 Fidel Castro is ejected from a Winter League baseball game after hitting a batter

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Arthur Miller's "Crucible" premieres in NYC

Playwright Arthur Miller
Playwright
Arthur Miller
  • 1955 Norwegian government of Einar Gerhardsen forms
  • 1956 30 people die in a train crash in Los Angeles
  • 1956 Canadian Football Council forms
  • 1957 Israeli forces withdraw from Sinai Peninsula
  • 1957 Mad Bomber (George P Metesky) accused of 30 explosions, arrested
  • 1959 USAF concludes that less than 1% of UFOs are unknown objects
  • 1962 The Organization of American States suspends Cuba's membership.

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1963 Elysée treaty of cooperation between France and Germany signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1964 Kenneth Kaunda becomes premier of Northern Rhodesia (Zambia)
  • 1964 World's largest cheese (15,723 kg) manufactured in Wisconsin for New York's World Fair
  • 1965 US launches TIROS 9 weather satellite
  • 1968 Apollo 5 launched to Moon; unmanned lunar module tests made
  • 1968 "Lady Soul" 14th studio album by Aretha Franklin is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1968)
  • 1969 Orbiting Solar Observatory 5 launched into earth orbit
  • 1970 1st commercial Boeing 747 flight, Pan American World Airways flies from New York City to London in 6½ hours
  • 1970 Test debut of Barry Richards, South Africa v Australia, Cape Town
  • 1972 An anti-internment march is held at Magilligan strand, County Derry; as the march nears the internment camp it is stopped by members of the Green Jackets and the Parachute Regiment of the British Army, who used barbed wire to close off the beach
  • 1973 Roe vs Wade: US Supreme Court legalizes most abortions
  • 1973 US, North & South Vietnam & Vietcong sign boundary accord
  • 1975 Landsat 2, an Earth Resources Technology Satellite, launched
  • 1976 Bank robbery in Beirut nets $20-50 million (record)
  • 1979 10,000s UK public sector workers go on strike

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 Russian dissidents Andrei Sakharov & Jelena Bonner arrested in Moscow and banished to Gorky

Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident Andrei Sakharov
Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident
Andrei Sakharov
  • 1981 40th Islander shut-out opponent-3-0 vs Red Wings-Billy Smith 15th
  • 1982 75% of North America is covered by snow
  • 1983 2nd flight readiness firing of Challenger's main engines; 22 seconds
  • 1984 Hilbert van de Thumb becomes European all-round skates

Birthdays in History

  • 1263 Ibn Taymiya, Islamic scholar (d. 1328)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1440 Ivan III, the Great, Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia (1462-1505) who conquered Lithuania, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1505)

Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia Ivan the Great
Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia
Ivan the Great
  • 1553 Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (d. 1625)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1561 Francis Bacon, Strand, statesman/essayist (Novum Organum), born in London, England (d. 1626)

Statesman/Philosopher Francis Bacon
Statesman/Philosopher
Francis Bacon
  • 1571 Robert Bruce Cotton, English antiquary, politician
  • 1592 Pierre Gassendi, Champtercier Provence, scientist/philosopher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1645 William Kidd, Scottish pirate legend, born in Greenock (or Dundee), Scotland (d. 1701) date and place disputed

Pirate Legend William Kidd
Pirate Legend
William Kidd
  • 1654 Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (d. 1729)
  • 1655 Geleyn Evertsen, lt-admiral (Zealand)
  • 1690 Nicolas Lancret, French painter (d. 1743)
  • 1729 Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, German critic/dramatist
  • 1733 Philip Carteret, British Naval Officer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1788 Lord Byron [George Gordon Byron], English romantic poet (Don Juan), born in London (d. 1824)

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron
  • 1796 Karl Claus, Russian chemist (d. 1864)
  • 1797 Maria Leopoldina of Austria, Empress of Brazil (d. 1826)
  • 1799 Ludger Duvernay, Canadian printer and publisher (d. 1852)
  • 1802 Richard Upjohn, American gothic architect (Trinity Chapel, NY)
  • 1820 Hermann von Lingg, German playwright/poet
  • 1820 Johan Hendrik Koelman, portrait painter (Jahresringe)
  • 1820 Joseph Wolf, German artist (d. 1899)
  • 1826 [Merriwether] Jeff Thompson, Partisan (Confederate Army), (d. 1876)
  • 1840 Ernest Roland Wilberforce, English bishop (d. 1907)
  • 1845 Jacob Verdam, Dutch philologist
  • 1845 Paul Vidal de la Blanche, French geographer
  • 1848 Samuel Muller Fzn, Dutch historian/archivist (Middle Ages)
  • 1849 August Strindberg, Swedish dramatist/novelist (Apologia)
  • 1855 Albert Neisser [Albert Ludwig Sigesmund Neisser], Schweidnitz Prussia, German physician who discovered the bacterias that cause gonorrhea and leprosy
  • 1858 Beatrice Potter Webb, English sociologist, economist ( founded London School of Economics) and writer (My Apprenticeship), born in Standish (d. 1943)
  • 1858 Frederick Lugard, British captain/baron (Congo)
  • 1865 Friedrich Paschen, German physicist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1869 Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II (d. 1916)

  • 1874 Wincenty Witoz, Galicia, PM of Poland (1920-21, 1923, 1926)
  • 1874 Edward Harkness, American philanthropist (d. 1940)
  • 1875 Bonifacius C de Jonge, governor (Dutch East Indies)
  • 1877 Hjalmar Schacht, president of German Reichsbank/minister of Economics
  • 1878 Francis Picabia, French painter/illustrator
  • 1887 Helen Hoyt, American poet (d. 1972)
  • 1890 Fred M Vinson, Ky, 13th Chief Justice of US Supreme Court (1946-53)
  • 1891 Franz Alexander, Hungarian/US psycho analytical
  • 1891 Moise Kisling, Polish/French painter (La Souris Boiteuse)
  • 1892 Marcel Dassault, [Bloch], French airplane builder
  • 1894 Charles Morgan, England, writer (Fountain)
  • 1898 Ben van Eysselsteijn, Dutch writer (Arid Earth)
  • 1898 Hans van Werveke, Flemish historian (Diocese Terwaan)
  • 1898 Ross R Barnett, lawyer/(Gov-D-Miss)
  • 1898 Sergei Eisenstein, Russian director (Battleship Potemkin), born in Riga, Latvia [NS] (d. 1948)
  • 1899 Guido Kisch, Czech/German/US historian (Jews in medieval Germany)
  • 1903 Fritz Houtermans, Polish physicist (d. 1966)
  • 1904 Arkady Gaidar, Russian children's writer (d. 1941)
  • 1906 Robert E[rvin] Howard, American sci-fi author (Conan the Conqueror)
  • 1906 Willa B Brown (Coffey), US African American air pioneer (NAAA)
  • 1907 Douglas Corrigan, American pilot (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Lev D Landau, Russian physicist (Nobel 1962)
  • 1909 U Thant, Burma, Burmese politician and 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations (1961-72), born in Pantanaw, Myanmar
  • 1909 Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican diplomat and international playboy (d. 1965)
  • 1913 William Cardinal Conway, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1977)
  • 1913 Carl F. H. Henry, American theologian and publisher (d. 2003)
  • 1916 Harilal Upadhyay, Gujarati Author, Poet, Astrologist (Gujarat is a State of India) (d. 1994)
  • 1917 Herwig Hensen, [Flor Mielants], Flemish poet/playwright
  • 1920 Piet Van Lishout, Flemish writer (Eva & I)
  • 1922 Howard Moss, poet/editor (New Yorker)
  • 1925 Leslie Silver, English paint manufacturer/multi-millionaire
  • 1926 Lord Erskine of Rerrick, peer
  • 1926 Tom Blackburn, writer
  • 1928 Birch Bayh, American politician, Senator (D) Indiana (1963-81), wrote 2 amendments to US constitution born in Terre Haute, Indiana
  • 1928 Yoshihiko Amino, Japanese historian (d. 2004)
  • 1929 Rita Gillespie, TV director
  • 1932 Berthold Grünfeld, Norwegian psychiatrist and former sexologist
  • 1934 Graham Kerr, English-born chef (Galloping Gourmet)
  • 1935 Pierre S Du Pont IV, (gov-Del)
  • 1936 Alan J. Heeger, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1936 Ong Teng Cheong, 5th President of Singapore (d. 2002)
  • 1937 Joseph Wambaugh, American police writer ("The Onion Fields"), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1937 Edén Pastora, Nicaraguan rebel leader
  • 1938 Joe Esposito, American author and friend of Elvis, born in Chicago (d. 2016)
  • 1939 Jeff Smith, American chef (d. 2004)
  • 1943 H James "Jim" Saxton, (Rep-R-NJ, 1984- )
  • 1953 Jim Jarmusch, American director
  • 1954 Peter Pilz, Austrian politician
  • 1955 Thomas David Jones, PhD/Astronaut (STS 59, 68, 80, sk: 98), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1955 Timothy R. Ferguson, American politician
  • 1957 Francis Wheen, English writer and journalist
  • 1962 Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu, Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
  • 1970 Alex Ross, American comic book painter (Marvels, Kingdom Come)
  • 1980 Subhash Ram Prajapati, Nepalese Writer
  • 1983 Robert Steinhäuser, German perpetrator of the Erfurt massacre (d. 2002)
  • 1987 Astrid Jacobsen, Norwegian cross-country skier

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1942 Novelist Anthony Burgess (25) weds Llewela Jones

Novelist Anthony Burgess
Novelist
Anthony Burgess
  • 1985 Zak Starkey (Ringo's son) marries Sarah Menikides

Deaths in History

  • 1336 Louis III, last Earl of Loon, dies
  • 1531 Andrea del Sarto, Italian painter, dies at 44
  • 1536 Bernhard Knipperdolling, German religious leader (b. 1495)
  • 1552 Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, beheaded for treason
  • 1581 Joost de Damhoudere, Flemish lawyer, dies
  • 1581 Seerp Galama, Dutch nobleman, soldier and politician, dies at 52
  • 1640 Erasmus Quellinus I, Flemish wood carver, dies at about 55
  • 1666 Shah Jahan, 5th Mughal Emperor of India (1628-58) who built the Taj Mahal for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, dies at 74
  • 1750 Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (b. 1675)
  • 1767 Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German minterologist and geologist, dies at 47
  • 1779 Claudius Smith, American Revolutionary War loyalist (b. 1736)
  • 1779 Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer, dies at 45
  • 1798 Lewis Morris, US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 71
  • 1798 Matija A Reljkovic, Croatian writer (Satire of Wild Man), dies at 66
  • 1799 Horace B de Saussure, Swiss physicist/geologist/alpinist, dies at 58
  • 1840 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (b. 1752)
  • 1850 Vincenzo Pallotti, Italian saint, dies at 54
  • 1879 Anthony Durnford, British colonel, dies in Battle of Isandlwana
  • 1879 George Shepstone, British political affiliate, dies in battle
  • 1892 Joseph Philo Bradley, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1813)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901 Victoria, [Alexandrine], Britain's Queen (1837-1901), dies at 81

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1909 Richard A C E Erlenmeyer, German chemist, dies at 83
  • 1913 Ferdinand van der Haeghen, Flemish librarian/bibliographer, dies at 82
  • 1921 Captain George Streeter, American riverboat captain and circus owner (b. 1837)
  • 1922 Benedict XV [Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa], Italian pope (1914-22), dies at 67
  • 1942 Reimond Tollenaere, leader Flemishch National Front, dies at 81
  • 1942 Walter Richard Sickert, British painter (Free House!), dies at 81
  • 1942 Xiao Hong, Chinese writer (The Field of Life and Death). dies at 30
  • 1945 Alfred Wolfenstein, German writer, dies at 61
  • 1945 Johan Eykman, theologist (World Church), dies at 52
  • 1945 Else Lasker-Schuler, German-born poet (b. 1869)
  • 1949 William Thomas Walsh, American author (b. 1891)
  • 1951 Karl Nessler, inventor of the perm (b. 1872)
  • 1952 Roger Vitrac, French poet/dramatist (Mysteries of Love), dies at 52
  • 1956 P A M Speet, Dutch broadcast CEO (KRO), dies
  • 1967 Robert Henriques, English writer (b. 1905)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1973 Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th US President (Democrat: 1963-69), dies at his Texas ranch at 64

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1975 Klaas Voskuil, Dutch journalist, dies at 79
  • 1975 Andrew George Burry, Swiss-born manufacturer and businessman (b. 1873)
  • 1978 Oliver Leese, British World War II general, dies at 83
  • 1981 Fannie Thomas, American who became the oldest known American at her death, dies at 113 years and 273 days
  • 1981 Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and educationist (b. 1903)
  • 1982 Eduardo Frei Montalva, president of Chile (1964-70), dies at 71
  • 1985 Sir Arthur Bryant, British historian (b. 1899)
  • 1987 R Budd Dwyer, Penns State Treasurer, facing prison for conspiracy & perjury, shot himself to death at a televised news conference
  • 1988 Georgi M Malenkov, Russian premier (1953-55), dies at 86
  • 1991 Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat (b. 1905)
  • 1992 A J Antoon, director (That Championship Season), dies at 47
  • 1992 Ali Amini, PM of Iran (1961-62), dies
  • 1993 Alexander Bodon, Hungarian-Dutch architect (RAI, Dollywood), dies at 86
  • 1993 Kobo Abe, Japanese writer (Wife in the Sand), dies at 68
  • 1993 Maria Vlamynck, Flemish author, dies at 75
  • 1994 Frances Gifford, dies of emphysema, at 71
  • 1994 Irving B Kahn, inventer (teleprompter), dies at 76
  • 1995 Mahmoud Sayed Selim, Egyptian moslim leader, shot to death at 29
  • 1995 Margaret Barbara Lambert, British historian (Saar), dies at 88
  • 1995 Nico Adriaans, founder of Rotterdam Junkiebond, dies of AIDS at 37

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1995 Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, mother of pres JFK, RFK, & Ted, dies at 104

Kennedy Family Matriarch Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
Kennedy Family Matriarch
Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
  • 1996 Edward Thomas, historian/intelligence expert, dies at 77
  • 1996 Efua Theodore Sutherland, writer, dies at 71
  • 1996 Mabel Leigh, potter, dies at 80
  • 1996 Yisrael Eldad, extremist politician, dies at 85
  • 1997 Ian Arthur Hoyle Munro, medical journalist, dies at 73
  • 1997 Mollie Panter-Downes, British writer and columnist (The Shoreless Sea), dies at 90
  • 1999 Graham Staines, Australian missionary (b. 1941)
  • 2000 Craig Claiborne, American writer and editor (b. 1920)
  • 2000 Anne Hébert, French Canadian author and poet (Kamouraska) (b. 1916)
  • 2001 Roy Brown, American clown (b. 1932)
  • 2002 Stanley Marcus, American business executive (b. 1905)
  • 2003 Bill Mauldin, American cartoonist famous for his World War II cartoons depicting American soldiers (Pulitzer-1945, 59), dies of of Alzheimer's disease and a bathtub scalding at 81
  • 2004 Thomas Mead, Australian politician and journalist (b. 1918)
  • 2005 Carlo Orelli, Italian veteran of World War I (b. 1894)
  • 2005 Rose Mary Woods, American Watergate scandal figure (b. 1917)
  • 2007 Doug Blasdell, American personal trainer
  • 2007 Ngô Quang Trưởng, South Vietnamese general (b. 1929)
  • 2007 Abbé Pierre, French priest (b. 1912)
  • 2008 Miles Lerman, Polish-American activist (b. 1920)
  • 2012 Joe Paterno, American college hall of football coach (Penn State) and Sports Illustrated Sportsperson of 1986, dies from lung cancer at 85
  • 2013 Ellen Blazer [Esther Clara Blazer], Dutch TV director (Sonja), dies at 81
  • 2016 Cecil Parkinson, British politician (C), dies at 84