On This Day

On This Day in History for January 23

Events in History

  • 393 Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor
  • 909 John of Rila aka Saint Ivan and the fable of two pies.
  • 971 War elephant corps of the Southern Han defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops; Southern Han state forced to submit to the Song Dynasty. 1st regular war elephant corps in Chinese army
  • 1265 1st English Parliament not summoned by the monarch formally convened (some authorities)
  • 1368 In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.
  • 1490 1st printing of Ramban's Sha'ar ha-Gemul
  • 1546 Having published nothing for eleven years, Francois Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.
  • 1552 2nd version of Book of Common Prayer becomes mandatory in England
  • 1556 Shaanxi Earthquake, the deadliest ever recorded, kills 830,000 in Shaanxi Province, China
  • 1570 Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1571 Queen Elizabeth I of England opens Royal Exchange in London

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1579 Union of Utrecht signed by Northern Habsburg counties of Holland and Zeeland, and provinces of Utrecht and Groningen, marking the beginning of protestant Dutch Republic
  • 1631 France & Sweden sign anti-German Treaty of Barwald
  • 1637 Dutch governor Johan Mauritius lands in Pernambuco, Brazil
  • 1643 Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Leeds for Parliamentarians in English Civil War

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1656 French philosopher and theologian Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales

Mathematician, Physicist and Philosopher Blaise Pascal
Mathematician, Physicist and Philosopher
Blaise Pascal
  • 1668 England, Netherlands & Sweden sign Triple Alliance against French
  • 1719 Liechtenstein became a sovereign member state of the Holy Roman Empire.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1779 Charles Messier catalogs M56 (globular cluster in Lyra)

Astronomer Charles Messier
Charles Messier
  • 1789 Georgetown, 1st US Catholic college, founded
  • 1793 2nd Partition of Poland, between Prussia & Russia
  • 1793 Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized

Victory in BattleDutch Fleet Captured

1795 War of the First Coalition: French cavalry captures 14 Dutch ships and 850 guns near the port of Den Helder - rare instance of cavalry capturing a fleet

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Cavalry capturing the Dutch fleet at the battle of Den Helder
Cavalry capturing the Dutch fleet at the battle of Den Helder
Learn More
  • 1796 Armand-Gaston Camus becomes chairman of the Council of 500
  • 1812 7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
  • 1833 Joseph Pease, a Quaker, admitted to Parliament on his affirmation
  • 1845 Uniform US election day for President & VP authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in the US to earn a medical degree

  • 1849 US Patent granted for an envelope-making machine to Jesse K. Park and Cornelius S. Watson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1853 John Wilkes Booth is baptized at St. Timothy's Protestant Episcopal Church

  • 1855 The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, a crossing made today by the Father Louis Hennepin Bridge
  • 1856 Steamer Pacific, leaves Liverpool on final voyage (lost at sea, 186 on board)
  • 1859 Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii begins an eruption that lasts 300 days
  • 1862 Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, California imports 10,000 grape vine cuttings
  • 1865 -Jan 25th) Battle of City Point, VA (James River, Trent's Reach)
  • 1870 Marias Massacre: Approximately 200 Piegan Blackfeet Indians (mostly women, children, and elderly men) killed by US Army, in Montana Territory, spawning outrage and preventing the military from regaining control of the Bureau of Indian Affairs [1] [2]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 Daniel Williams forms Provident Hospital in Chicago

Heart Surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart Surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • 1894 G W Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 min
  • 1896 Edward Macdowell's 2nd Suite in E premieres
  • 1897 Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. Resulting murder trial of her husband perhaps only case in US history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899 Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1907 Charles Curtis of Kansas becomes 1st Native American US senator
  • 1908 US & Great Britain demand end of abuses in Congo
  • 1909 1st radio rescue at sea
  • 1912 The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague

BattleCoup d'état

1913 The 'Young Turks' lead a coup d'etat against the Turkish Government

Leader of the Ottoman Empire Enver Pasha
Leader of the Ottoman Empire
Enver Pasha
  • 1916 Temperature falls from 44°F (7°C) to -56°F (49°C) night of 23-24, Browning MT
  • 1920 Dutch refuse to turn over ex-Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany to allies
  • 1923 Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 After Stanley Baldwin's resignation, Ramsay MacDonald forms Britain's first Labour Government, climaxing 24 years of struggle by the Labour Party

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Eugene O'Neill's "Great God Brown" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
  • 1928 "The Adventure of the Good Soldier Schweik" premieres in Berlin
  • 1930 Clyde Tombaugh photographs planet Pluto
  • 1930 George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Virginia established
  • 1930 WIS-AM (now WOMG) in Columbia SC begins radio transmissions
  • 1932 El Salvador army kills 4,000 protesting farmers
  • 1933 20th amendment, which changed the date of US presidential inaugurations to 20th January, is ratified
  • 1936 Catholic People's Party (KVP) of Curacao forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Karl Radek and sixteen others go on trial in Moscow as part of the Great Purge, many are sentenced to death

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1941 Groundbreaking for NACA (now NASA) Lewis Research Center
  • 1941 WOR-AM in Newark NJ moves to NYC
  • 1942 Battle of Rabaul: Japanese attack Australian air base in Rabaul, New Britain
  • 1942 Tank battle at Adzjedabia, Africa Korp vs British 8th army
  • 1943 British 8th army marches into Tripoli
  • 1943 Japanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured
  • 1945 Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, tenders his resignation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

Naval Commander and Nazi leader Karl Dönitz
Naval Commander and Nazi leader
Karl Dönitz
  • 1946 Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, USNR, becomes 1st director of CIA
  • 1948 Test debut of Neil Harvey, v India at Adelaide
  • 1950 3rd edition of Joseph Kane's Famous 1st Facts published
  • 1950 Israeli Knesset resolves Jerusalem is capital of Israel
  • 1950 Rebel army of Dutch military officer Raymond Westerling occupies Bandung, Java
  • 1954 Harry van Thorn chosen chairman of Dutch KVP
  • 1955 Express train travelling from York to Bristol derails, killing 14 and injuring many other passengers
  • 1957 Indian nationalist V. K. Krishna Menon begins the longest ever speech defending India's stand on Kashmir at the UN - 8 hours over 2 days
  • 1958 Dictator Marcos Perez Jiménez flees Venezuela, Larrazabal takes power
  • 1960 Bathosphere "Trieste", crewed by Jacques Piccard and US Navy Lieutenant Don Walsh, reaches bottom of Pacific (10,900 m)
  • 1961 Venezuela adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 British intelligence officer Kim Philby defects to USSR

  • 1962 Libya, Morocco, Algeria & Tunisia plan to form United Arab Maghreb
  • 1964 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified, barring poll tax in federal elections

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1964 Arthur Miller's play "After the Fall" premieres in NYC

Playwright Arthur Miller
Arthur Miller
  • 1965 BPAA All-Star Tournament won by Dick Weber
  • 1968 Spy ship USS Pueblo & 83-man crew seized in Sea of Japan by North Korea
  • 1969 Cream releases their last album "Goodbye"
  • 1970 Australia's 1st amateur radio satellite (Oscar 5) launched (California)
  • 1970 Member of Dutch feminist group Dolle Mina burn their bras in Amsterdam
  • 1970 US launches 2nd generation weather satellite, ITOS 1
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 -80°F (-62°C) in Prospect Creek Camp, Alaska (US record)
  • 1971 4th ABA All-Star Game: East 126 beats West 122 at Carolina
  • 1971 UCLA loses to Notre Dame, UCLA then wins next 88 games in a row
  • 1971 Riots break out in the Shankill Road area of Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1971 Britain allowed to sell arms to S. Africa, after Commonwealth Conference in Singapore ends in compromise
  • 1972 Bootlegger sells wood alcohol to wedding party-100 die-New Delhi
  • 1972 Entire population of Istanbul under 24 hour house arrest
  • 1973 Helgafell, island of Heimaey Iceland erupts for 1st time in 7,000 yrs
  • 1973 Jordan Air crash at Kano, Nigeria kills 176 Muslim pilgrims

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 US President Richard Nixon announces an accord has been reached to end Vietnam War

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

Birthdays in History

  • 1350 Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary & saint, born in Valencia, Aragon (d. 1419)
  • 1574 Lucas Franchoys the Elder, Belgian painter, born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1643)
  • 1688 Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1741)
  • 1719 John Landen, English mathematician, born in England, United Kingdom (d. 1790)
  • 1730 Joseph Hewes, American merchant (Declaration of Independence signatory), born in Princeton, New Jersey (d. 1779)

Person of interestJohn Hancock

1737 John Hancock, American merchant & statesman who was 1st to sign the Declaration of Independence, born in Braintree, Massachusetts (d. 1793)

Statesman John Hancock
John Hancock
  • 1745 William Jessop, English canal engineer, born in Plymouth, United Kingdom (d. 1814)
  • 1761 Friedrich von Matthison, German poet (Adelaide), born in Hohendodeleben, Germany (d. 1831)
  • 1762 Christian A Vulpius, German novelist & dramatist (Rinaldo Rinaldini), born in Weimar, Germany (d. 1827)
  • 1783 Stendhal [Marie Henri Beyle], French writer (Le Rouge et de Noir, a Chartreuse de Parme), born in Grenoble, France (d. 1842)
  • 1785 Carl Adolph Agardh, Swedish botanist & bishop of Karlstad, born in Båstad, Sweden (d. 1859)
  • 1786 Auguste de Montferrand, French architect, born in Trocadéro, Paris (d. 1858)
  • 1809 Veer Surendra Sai, Indian freedom fighter & tribal leader, born in Sambalpur district, India (d. 1884)
  • 1816 Compars Herrmann, German stage magician, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1887)
  • 1827 Saigō Takamori, Japanese samurai & leader of Satsuma rebellion, born in Kajiyacho, Japan (d. 1877)
  • 1828 Calvin Edward Pratt, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Worcester County, Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1830 Gaston, Marquis de Galliffet, French general & Minister of War (1899-1900), born in Paris, France (d. 1909)

Person of interestEdouard Manet

1832 Edouard Manet, French impressionist painter (Olympia, The Luncheon on the Grass), born in Paris, France (d. 1883)

Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet
  • 1833 John Randolph Chambliss Jr, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Greensville County, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • 1840 Ernst Abbe, German physicist & optical scientist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), born in Eisenach, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1855 John Moses Browning, American inventor, born in Ogden, Utah (d. 1926)
  • 1857 Andrija Mohorovicic, Croatian meteorologist & seismologist (Moho discontinuity), born in Opatija, Croatia (d. 1936)
  • 1862 David Hilbert, German mathematician (Hilbert spaces, invariant theory, axiomatization of geometry), born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1943)
  • 1869 Herbert David Croly, American author (Promise of American Life), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1930)
  • 1872 Paul Langevin, French physicist, born in Paris, France (d. 1946)
  • 1872 Joze Plečnik, Slovenian architect, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (d. 1957)
  • 1878 Oton Zupancic, Slovenian poet (Zimzelen pod Snegom), born in Vinica, Črnomelj, Slovenia (d. 1949)
  • 1888 Gilbert Ledward, English sculptor, born in Chelsea, London (d. 1960)
  • 1888 Paul Peter Ewald, German Crystallographer and physicist who devised the theory of X-ray interference by crystals and pioneered X-ray diffraction methods, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1985)
  • 1889 Prosper Arents, Flemish bibliographer (Rubens-bibliography)

Person of interestAntonio Gramsci

1891 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher & Marxist theorist, born in Ales, Sardinia, Italy (d. 1937)

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1893 Frank Carlson, American politician (Gov/Rep/Sen-R-Ks), born in Cloud County, Kansas (d. 1987)
  • 1896 Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1919-64), born in Berg Castle, Luxembourg (d. 1985)
  • 1897 Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian politician & nationalist, born in Cuttack, British India (d. 1945)
  • 1897 Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2000)
  • 1898 Freda Utley, British scholar & author, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1978)
  • 1899 Joseph Nathan Kane, American non-fiction writer & journalist (Famous Firsts), born in NYC, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1901 Benno Stokvis, Dutch lawyer & politician, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1903 Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian politician, born in Cucunubá, Colombia (d. 1948)
  • 1905 Konstanty Ildefons Gałczyński, Polish poet (Zielona Ges), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1953)
  • 1907 Hideki Yukawa, Japanese physicist (Nobel 1949), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1981)
  • 1914 Napoleon L Bonaparte, French pretender to the throne, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1997)
  • 1915 Potter Stewart, United States Supreme Court justice (1958-81), born in Jackson, Michigan (d. 1985)
  • 1916 Airey Neave, British soldier & politician, born in Knightsbridge, London (d. 1979)
  • 1916 David Douglas Duncan, American photo-journalist best known for his war photography, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2018)
  • 1917 Dusan Kostic, Serbian writer, born in Peja, Serbia (d. 1997)

Person of interestGertrude B. Elion

1918 Gertrude B. Elion, American biochemist and drug researcher who developed groundbreaking leukemia and herpes drug treatments (Nobel 1988), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)

Biochemist and Drug Researcher Gertrude B. Elion
Biochemist and Drug Researcher
Gertrude B. Elion
  • 1919 Hans Hass, Austrian zoologist and underwater scientist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Erbet Pawel, biographer (Kafka)
  • 1920 Gottfried Böhm, German architect (1986 Pritzker Prize), born in Offenbach am Main, Germany (d. 2021) [1]
  • 1923 Walter M. Miller Jr., American sci-fi author (Hugo, View from Stars), born in New Smyrna Beach, Florida
  • 1924 Frank Lautenberg, American politician (Sen-D-NJ, 1982-2001, 2003-2013), born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 2013)
  • 1927 Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American entrepreneur & explorer, born in Solna Municipality, Sweden (d. 1994)
  • 1929 John Polanyi, Canadian chemist (Nobel 1986), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1929 Patriarch Filaret (Mykhailo Denysenko) of Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kyiv Patriarchate
  • 1930 Derek Walcott, Caribbean poet (Omeros), Nobel Prize for Literature 1992, born in Castries, St Lucia (d. 2017)
  • 1930 William Reid Pogue, American fighter pilot & astronaut (Skylab 4), born in Okemah, Oklahoma (d. 2014)
  • 1932 Bud Shuster, American politician (Rep-R-PA, 1973- ), born in Glassport, Pennsylvania
  • 1934 Pierre Bourgault, Quebec politician & essayist, born in East Angus, Canada (d. 2003)
  • 1935 Robert Parris "Bob" Moses, American civil rights activist (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)), and educator (The Algebra Project), born in Harlem, New York City (d. 2021)
  • 1938 Anatoly Marchenko, Soviet dissident, born in Barabinsk, Russia (d. 1986)
  • 1942 Ivan Ivanovich Bachurin, Soviet cosmonaut, born in Kharkov Oblast, Ukrainian SSR
  • 1942 Willy Bogner Jr., German fashion designer & film maker (On Her Majesty's Secret Service), born in Munich, Germany
  • 1943 Bill Gibb, Scottish fashion designer, born in New Pitsligo, Scotland (d. 1988)
  • 1944 Marty Russo, American politician & lobbyist (Rep-D-IL, 1975- ), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1945 Mike Harris, Canadian politician

Person of interestArnoldo Aleman

1946 Arnoldo Aleman, 81st President of Nicaragua (1997-2002), born in Managua, Nicaragua

President of Nicaragua Arnoldo Aleman
President of Nicaragua
Arnoldo Aleman
  • 1947 Tom Carper, American politician (Rep-D-DE, 1983- ), born in Beckley, West Virginia
  • 1947 Megawati Sukarnoputri, 5th President of Indonesia, born in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • 1947 Gatewood Galbraith, American author & attorney, born in Carlisle, Kentucky (d. 2012)
  • 1949 Robert Cabana, American astronaut (STS 41, 53, 68, sk:88), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota

Person of interestChesley Sullenberger

1951 Chesley Sullenberger III, American pilot (successfully executed emergency landing US Airways Flight 1549 in the Hudson River), born in Denison, Texas

  • 1953 Antonio Villaraigosa [Villar], Hispanic-American politician (Mayor of Los Angeles, 2005-13; California Assemblyman, 1994-2000), born in East Los Angeles, California

Person of interestPavlo Lazarenko

1953 Pavlo Lazarenko, Prime Minister of Ukraine (1996-97), born in Karpivka, Ukraine

Prime Minister of Ukraine Pavlo Lazarenko
Prime Minister of Ukraine
Pavlo Lazarenko
  • 1957 Caroline Louise Marguerite Grimaldi, daughter of Princess Grace and Prince Rainer, born in Monte Carlo, Monaco
  • 1957 Lou Schuler, American fitness journalist, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1961 Mas Selamat bin Kastari, Singapore's most-wanted terror fugitive, born in Kendal Regency, Indonesia
  • 1962 Elvira Lindo, Spanish writer & journalist, born in Cádiz, Spain
  • 1967 Belkis Ayón, Cuban printmaker (collography), born in Havana, Cuba (d. 1999)
  • 1974 Richard T. Slone, British artist, born in Newton-in-Furness, United Kingdom

Weddings in History

LovePerson of Interest

1045 Edward the Confessor, King of England (40), marries Edith, daughter of the Earl of Godwin

King of England Edward the Confessor
King of England
Edward the Confessor
  • 1999 Princess of Monaco Caroline (42) weds dynastic head of the House of Hanover and Britain's King George I descendant Prince Ernst August (45) in Monaco

Deaths in History

  • 1002 Otto III, German king/emperor 983/996-1002, dies at 21
  • 1199 Yaqub, Almohad Caliph (b. 1160)
  • 1356 Margaretha of Bavaria, Emperess of Germany, dies

Person of interestFerdinand II of Aragon

1516 ferdinand ii, king of Aragon (1479-1516), King of Naples (1504-16), dies at 63

King of Aragon Ferdinand II of Aragon
King of Aragon
Ferdinand II of Aragon
  • 1549 Johannes Honter, Transylvanian Saxon humanist and theologian (b. 1498)
  • 1567 Jiajing, 12th Emperor of Ming Dynasty of China, dies at 59
  • 1622 William Baffin, English explorer, dies of a gunshot wound at about 38
  • 1639 Francisco Maldonado da Silva Solis, Peruvian poet, burned at stake
  • 1648 Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla, Spanish playwright (Del Rey Abajo Ninguno), dies at 40
  • 1744 Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (b. 1668)
  • 1785 Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician (b. 1717)
  • 1789 Frances Brooke, English writer (b. 1724)
  • 1789 John Cleland, English novelist (b. 1709)
  • 1800 Edward Rutledge, US attorney (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 50
  • 1803 Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer and founder of the Guinness brewery, dies at 77
  • 1805 Claude Chappe, French telecommunications pioneer (b. 1763)

Person of interestWilliam Pitt the Younger

1806 William Pitt the Younger, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1783-1801, 1804-06), dies of a suspected peptic ulceration of his stomach or duodenum at 46

British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
  • 1812 Robert Craufurd, British general, dies at 47
  • 1813 George Clymer, American merchant (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 73
  • 1820 Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
  • 1833 Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, British admiral (b. 1757)
  • 1838 Arnold A Buyskes, Dutch vice-admiral/colonial director, dies at 67
  • 1866 Thomas Love Peacock, English satirist (b. 1785)
  • 1875 Charles Kingsley [Parson Lot], English vicar and historian (Westward Ho!), dies at 55
  • 1883 Gustave Doré, French artist, engraver, and illustrator (b. 1832)
  • 1888 Eugène Marin Labiche, French playwright (The Italian Straw Hat), dies at 72
  • 1889 Alexandre Cabanel, French painter (Birth of Venus), dies at 65
  • 1891 Prince Baudouin of Belgium, Count of Flaanders, dies at 21
  • 1893 Jose Zorrilla y Moral, Spanish poet (Granada), dies at 75
  • 1893 Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, American politician and U.S. Supreme Court Justice, dies at 67
  • 1913 Nazim Pasha, Turkey's PM, assassinated
  • 1923 Max Nordau, Austrian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)
  • 1926 Désiré-Joseph Mercier, Belgian philosopher and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, dies at 74
  • 1937 Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist and politician (Minister of Education), dies at 60
  • 1943 Alexander Woollcott, critic, dies of a heart attack on radio, at 56

Person of interestEdvard Munch

1944 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (The Scream), dies at 80, bequeathing all of his work to the city of Oslo

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
  • 1944 Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (b. 1909)
  • 1945 Helmuth J Moltke, German politician ("July 20th Plot"), executed at 37
  • 1946 Matteo Giulio Bartoli, linguist, dies at 72
  • 1947 Pierre Bonnard, French painter and illustrator, dies at 79
  • 1952 Natalia Brassova, Russian noblewoman, wife of Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia, dies at 71
  • 1957 Willie Edwards, US African American, murdered by KKK at 25
  • 1971 Fritz Feigl, Austria-born chemist (b. 1871)
  • 1973 Alexander Onassis, Greek heir of the Onassis family (b. 1948)
  • 1976 Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 44
  • 1977 Bernard "Toots" Shor, New York restaurateur (Toot's Shor's Restaurant), dies at 73
  • 1984 Mu'in Bseiso, Palestinian poet (b. 1926)
  • 1986 Joseph Beuys, West German avant-garde artist (Fluxus movement), dies at 64
  • 1988 Charles Glen King, American biochemist and pioneer of nutrition research who isolated vitamin C, dies at 91
  • 1988 Dan Daniel, politician (Rep-D-VA, 1969-88), dies at 73

Person of interestSalvador Dali

1989 Salvador Dali, Spanish surrealist artist (Crucifixion), dies of heart failure at 84

Painter Salvador Dali
Salvador Dali
  • 1990 Mariano Rumor, Italian politician (PM, 1968-70; 73-1974), dies
  • 1991 Northrop Frye, Canadian writer and critic (b. 1912)
  • 1992 Simon Brand, South African banker and adviser to President F. W. de Klerk, dies
  • 1993 Dudley Stevens, English entertainer, dies of AIDS at 57
  • 1993 Keith Laumer [Anthony LeBaron], American sci-fi author (Retief's War), dies at 67
  • 1994 Nikolai Ogarkov, Russian marshal (Flight KAL 007), dies at 76
  • 1994 Oliver Smith, US set designer (Guys & Dolls-7 Tony Awards), dies at 75
  • 1994 Suzanne M Blum, French lawyer (Charlie Chaplin), dies at 95
  • 1995 Harold Collett Dent, journalist/educationist, dies at 100
  • 1995 Michael Whalley Wickham, artist, dies at 91
  • 1995 Peter Ambrose Cyprian Luke, playwright, dies at 75
  • 1996 John Mackin, programmer, dies at 36
  • 1996 Norman MacCaig, Scottish poet, dies at 85
  • 1996 Shirley Carter Burden, patrician, dies at 54
  • 1997 Jeremy Stephen Maas, writer/art dealer, dies at 68
  • 1997 Laura "Dinky" Patterson, dies bungee jumping at Super Bowl rehearsal at 43
  • 1997 Randy Greenawalt, convicted killer, executed by injection at 47
  • 1997 Roger John Tayler, British astrophysicist (author of The Origin of the Chemical Elements), dies at 67
  • 1998 Hilla Limann, president of Ghana in (1979-81), dies
  • 1999 Jay Pritzker, American businessman (b. 1922)
  • 1999 Thomas C. Mann, American diplomat (U.S. Ambassador to Mexico), dies at 86
  • 2002 Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist and anthropologist, dies at 71
  • 2002 Robert Nozick, American philosopher (Anarchy, State, and Utopia), dies at 63
  • 2004 Helmut Newton, German photographer, dies at 83
  • 2005 Morys George Lyndhurst Bruce, 4th Baron Aberdare, British politician (b. 1921)
  • 2006 Chris McKinstry, Canadian scientist (b. 1967)
  • 2006 Virginia D. Smith, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Nebraska), dies at 94
  • 2007 E. Howard Hunt, American intelligence officer involved in Watergate break-in, dies at 88
  • 2007 Ryszard Kapuściński, Polish journalist and writer (b. 1932)
  • 2007 Syed Hussein Alatas, Malaysian Politician (b. 1928)
  • 2009 Robert W. Scott, American politician, governor of North Carolina (b. 1929)
  • 2011 Jack LaLanne, American fitness and nutritional expert, dies at 96
  • 2012 Anthony Capo, DeCavalcante crime family hitman and informant, dies from heart attack at 52/53
  • 2015 King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia (2005-2015), dies at 90
  • 2017 Lee O’Denat, American internet entrepreneur (WorldStarHipHop.com), dies of heart disease at 43
  • 2018 Stansfield Turner, American admiral and CIA director (1977-81), dies at 94
  • 2018 Wyatt Tee Walker, African-American pastor, civil rights leader, chief of staff for Martin Luther King, Jr. and cultural historian, dies at 88
  • 2018 Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet, mathematician, and physicist (Defense of Violeta Parra), dies at 103
  • 2019 Diana Athill, English writer and editor (Stet), dies at 101
  • 2019 Norman Orentreich, American dermatologist known as "the father of modern hair transplantation", dies at 96