On This Day in History for January 25

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 140

Event of interestEvent of Interest

41 After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate

Roman Emperor Claudius
Roman Emperor
  • 1139 Godfried II the Young becomes Duke of Brabant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1327 King Edward III accedes to the English throne

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III
  • 1348 Friuli Earthquake in |European southern Alps measuring approximately 6.9, largely destroys Villach, killing 5,000
  • 1494 Alfonso II succeeds his father as king of Naples
  • 1554 Sir Thomas Wyatt gathers an army in Kent, rebels against Queen Mary
  • 1554 Founding of the city of São Paulo in Brazil
  • 1565 Battle at Talikota India: Deccan sultanate destroy Vijayanagar's army and the last Hindu kingdom of Southern India

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1573 Battle of Mikatagahara, in Japan; Takeda Shingen defeats Tokugawa Ieyasu

  • 1579 Treaty of Utrecht signed, marks beginning of Dutch Republic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1721 Tsar Peter the Great ends Russian-orthodox patriarchy

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1755 Moscow University is established by Elizabeth of Russia and founded by Mikhail Lomonosov on Tatiana Day

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • 1775 Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British (Gun Hill Road, Bronx)
  • 1787 Shays' Rebellion suffers a setback when debt-ridden farmers, led by Capt Daniel Shays, fail to capture an arsenal at Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1792 The London Corresponding Society is founded.
  • 1799 1st US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1802 Napoleon Bonaparte elected president of Italian (Cisalpine) Republic

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1825 1st US engineering college opens, Rensselaer Polytechnic, Troy, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1840 American naval expedition under Charles Wilkes is first to identify Antarctica as a new continent

Naval Officer and Explorer Charles Wilkes
Naval Officer and Explorer
Charles Wilkes
  • 1844 Recontre between Reps Weller & Shriver, US House of Representative
  • 1854 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's play "Bednost ne Porok" premieres in Moscow
  • 1856 Battle of Seattle; skirmish between settlers & Indians

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1858 Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" first played, at wedding of Queen Victoria's daughter Princess Victoria, to crown prince of Prussia

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • 1861 Arsenal Augustaseized by Confederacy in Georgia (US Civil War)
  • 1863 General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
  • 1865 CSS Shenandoah arrives in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1870 Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows
  • 1875 Anti-slavery society forms in New York

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Congress determines presidential election between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1879 The Bulgarian National Bank is founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.

  • 1882 Bilu, a Russian Zionist organization, forms
  • 1885 Vincent d'Indy's "Saugefleurie" premieres
  • 1890 National Afro-American League forms in Chicago
  • 1890 Nellie Bly beats Phileas Fogg's time around world by 8 days (72 days)
  • 1890 United Mine Workers of America forms
  • 1904 179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick, Pennsylvania
  • 1904 John Millington Synge's play "Riders to the Sea" premieres in Dublin
  • 1906 Del Valle Inclans "El Marqués de Bradomin" premieres in Madrid
  • 1907 Julia Ward Howe is first woman elected to National Institute of Arts & Letters (USA)
  • 1909 Richard Strauss' premier of "Elektra" in Dresden
  • 1910 1st stumping by a 12th man in Tests (N C Tufnell, SAf v Eng)
  • 1910 Children initiate idea of planting trees in Jerusalem

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1914 An Indian mass meeting in Durban unanimously endorse the agreement between General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1915 Alexander Graham Bell in NY calls Thomas Watson in SF
  • 1915 Transcontinental telephone service inaugurated (NY to SF)
  • 1916 Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
  • 1918 Russia declared a republic of Soviets
  • 1919 Founding of League of Nations, 1st meeting 1 year later
  • 1921 Karel Capék's "RUR" premieres in Prague
  • 1923 NVV donates 100,000 guilders to mine workers of Ruhrgebied

  • 1932 1st commencement exercises at Hebrew U in Jerusalem
  • 1937 Miami-to-Tampa bus overturned in a canal, kills 13
  • 1938 Ian Hay's "Bachelor Born" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 Earthquake hits Chillan Chile, 10,000 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 1st nuclear fission experiment (splitting of a uranium atom) in the US, in basement of Pupin Hall, Columbia University by a team including Enrico Fermi

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi
  • 1940 Nazi decrees establishment of Jewish ghetto in Lodz Poland
  • 1941 Pope Pius XII elevates the Apostolic Vicariate of the Hawaiian Islands to the dignity of a diocese. It becomes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Lt General Rommels African corps reaches Msus

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1945 Grand Rapids, Michigan, becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water
  • 1945 Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths
  • 1945 West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
  • 1946 Richard Strauss' "Metamorphosis" premieres in Zurich
  • 1946 United Mine Workers union rejoins American Federation of Labor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 1st Israeli election won by David Ben-Gurion's Mapai party

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1950 73°F (23°C) highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in January
  • 1953 Yuri Sergejev skates world record 500m in 40.9 sec
  • 1955 Jill Kinmont hits a tree & breaks her back in Snow Cup Ski Race
  • 1955 Russia ends state of war with Germany
  • 1955 US & Panama sign canal treaty
  • 1955 Columbia University scientists develope an atomic clock accurate to within one second in 300 years
  • 1956 96.5 cm (38.0") of rainfall, Kilauea Plantation, Hawaii (state record)
  • 1957 FBI arrests Jack & Myra Sobel, charged with spying for USSR
  • 1959 1st transcontinental commercial jet flight (American) (LA to NY for $301)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Pope John XXIII proclaims 2nd Vatican council

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1961 1st live, nationally televised presidential news conference (JFK)

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 Military coup in El Salvador
  • 1964 Echo 2, US communications satellite launched
  • 1968 Risse St in Bronx named
  • 1968 Robert Anderson's "I Never Sang for My Father" premieres in NYC
  • 1969 US-North Vietnamese peace talks begin in Paris

MurderMurder of Interest

1971 Charles Manson & 3 women followers convicted of Tate-LaBianca murders

Murderer Charles Manson
Charles Manson
  • 1971 Himachal Pradesh becomes 18th Indian state

BattleCoup d'état

1971 Military coup in Uganda under Major General Idi Amin

Ugandan Dictator Idi Amin
Ugandan Dictator
Idi Amin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Philadelphia mint's 1st trial strike of Eisenhower dollar

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1971 The 170 delegates of the Ulster Unionist Council (UUC) call for the resignation of Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark
  • 1972 7' Ohio State center Luke Witte is stomped in face during a brawl in a game with Minnesota
  • 1974 Christian Barnard transplants 1st human heart without removal of old

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Bangladeshi parliament disposes of premier Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Founding Father of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Founding Father of Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  • 1976 Surinder Amarnath scores 124 on Test debut Ind v NZ Auckland
  • 1978 Muriel Humphrey (D-Mn) appointed to fill late husband's Senate seat
  • 1979 22.2-km Oshimizu railroad tunnel holed through, central Honshu, Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Pope John Paul II's 1st overseas trip as supreme pontiff

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1979 1st documented case of a robot killing a human in US
  • 1980 Bani Sadr elected president of Iran
  • 1980 Highest speed attained by a warship, 167 kph, USN hovercraft
  • 1981 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived back in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Mao's widow Jiang Qing sentenced to death

Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong Jiang Qing
Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong
Jiang Qing
  • 1983 China's supreme court commutes Chiang Ch'ing's death sentence to life
  • 1983 Infrared telescope satellite launched into polar orbit

Birthdays in History

Person of interestPerson of Interest

17 Messalina, Roman Empress (wife of Claudius, infamous for her promiscuity) (born either 17 or 20 AD), born in Rome (d. 48)

Roman Noblewoman and Wife of the Emperor Claudius Messalina
Roman Noblewoman and Wife of the Emperor Claudius
  • 749 Leo IV, the Khazar, Byzantine emperor (775-80)
  • 1037 Su Tung-p'o, [J Sotoba], China, layman/poet/administrator [or Dec 19]
  • 1477 Anna de Bretagne, wife of Maximilian of Austria & Louis XII
  • 1509 Giovanni Morone, Italian theologist/diplomat/cardinal/"heretic"
  • 1540 Edmund Campion, saint/Jesuit martyr (Decem Rationes), born in London, England
  • 1615 Govert Flinck, Dutch painter (Isaac blesses Jacob)
  • 1626 John van de Cappelle, Amsterdam, landscape painter
  • 1627 Robert Boyle, Ireld, physicist/chemist/author (experiments with color)
  • 1634 Gaspar Fagel, lawyer/pension advisor of Holland (1672-88)
  • 1640 William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, English soldier and statesman (d. 1707)
  • 1688 Juraj Jánošík, famous Slovak outlaw (d. 1713)
  • 1708 Pompeo Girolamo Batoni, Italian painter
  • 1736 Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian mathematician and astronomer (number theory, celestial mechanics), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1813)
  • 1739 Charles François Dumouriez, French general (d. 1823)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1759 Robert Burns, Scottish poet (Auld Lang Syne), born in Alloway, Scotland (d. 1796)

  • 1766 Hans CE Freiherr von Gagern, German advisor to Dutch king Willem I
  • 1770 Francis Burdett, British politician
  • 1777 Elias Canneman, Dutch liberal minister of Finance (1813-14)
  • 1794 François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (d. 1878)
  • 1796 William McGillivray, Old Aberdeen, naturalist
  • 1806 Daniel Maclise, Irish painter
  • 1814 Francis Harrison Pierpont, governor (Union), (d. 1899)
  • 1826 Rembt Tobias Hugo Pieter Liebrecht Alexander van Boneval Faure, Dutch lawyer and politician
  • 1839 Seldon Connor, American banker, 35th Governor of Maine, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Fairfield, Maine, (d. 1917)
  • 1841 John Arbuthnot Fisher, Ceylon, 1st Baron Fisher/admiral of the fleet
  • 1851 Arne Garborg, Norwegian playwright (Bondestudentar)
  • 1858 Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese pearl farm pioneer (d. 1954)
  • 1860 Charles Curtis, (R) 31st US VP (1929-33)
  • 1864 Julije Kempf, Croatian historian and writer (d. 1934)
  • 1866 Emile Vandervelde, President (1900–1918) of the International Socialist Bureau and Minister of 3 Belgian governments (d. 1938)
  • 1874 Hewlett Johnson [Red Dean of Canterbury], English bishop, born in Salford, Greater Manchester (d. 1966)
  • 1874 [William] Somerset Maugham, British novelist/poet (Of Human Bondage), born in Paris, France
  • 1878 Ernst Alexanderson, Swedish-American television pioneer (Alexanderson alternator), born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 1975)
  • 1881 Emil Ludwig, German biographer (Diana, Son of Man)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1882 Virginia Woolf [Adeline], British author (Jacob's Room, To Lighthouse), born in London, England (d. 1941)

  • 1885 Kitahara Hakushū, Japanese poets and children's writers (d. 1942)
  • 1887 Diego Valeri, Italian author/poet (Le Gaie Tristezze)
  • 1891 William C Bullitt, 1st US ambassador to USSR
  • 1896 John Moores, British gambling magnate/multi-millionaire
  • 1898 Joachim Wach, German/US philosopher/sociologist (Understanding)
  • 1900 Theodosius Dobzhansky, Russian-American genetist, evolutionary biologist and author (Mankind Evolving), born in Nemyriv, Russian Empire (d. 1975)
  • 1900 Yojiro Ishizaka, Japanese writer (d. 1986)
  • 1902 Gerard P M Knuvelder, Dutch literature historian (Vocation, Kitty)
  • 1902 Pablo Antonio, Filipino modernist architect (d. 1975)
  • 1904 Frans Goedhart, Dutch journalist/founder (Het Parool)
  • 1908 Lord Iliffe, English publisher (Coventry Evening Telegraph/Autocar)
  • 1910 Harold Watkinson, politician/businessman
  • 1912 Lucius E Burch Jr, US lawyer/civil rights leader
  • 1913 Luis Marden, American photojournalist (d. 2003)
  • 1915 Michael Duane, educationalist
  • 1917 Ilya Prigogine, Russian scientist Nobel Laureate (d. 2003)
  • 1917 Jânio Quadros, Brazilian politician (d. 1992)
  • 1919 Patricia Louise Dalton, chair (Sherlock Holmes Society of London)
  • 1921 Russell Reading Braddon, Australian author
  • 1922 Jules P de Palm, Antilles writer
  • 1923 Eva Zeller, German writer, born in Eberswalde, Brandenburg
  • 1923 Shirley Mason, American psychiatric patient (Commonly known as "Sybil") (d. 1998)
  • 1927 Seung Sahn, zen teacher (Korean line)
  • 1928 Eduard Shevardnadze, Soviet Georgia, foreign minister of USSR (-91)
  • 1928 Jérôme Choquette, Quebec lawyer and politician
  • 1930 Tanya Savicheva, Russian diarist (d. 1944)
  • 1931 Paavo J Haavikko, finnish writer/poet/husband of Marja-Liisa Vartio

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1933 Corazon Aquino, 11th President of the Philippines (1986-92), born in Paniqui, Tarlac, Philippines (d. 2009)

11th President of the Philippines Corazon Aquino
11th President of the Philippines
Corazon Aquino
  • 1935 António Ramalho Eanes, 17th President of Portugal
  • 1935 Conrad Burns, US politician (Senate-R-Montana 1989-2007), born in Gallatin, Missouri (d. 2016)
  • 1936 Dan Schaefer, (Rep-R-CO, 1983- )
  • 1937 Kathleen Tynan Halton, writer
  • 1937 Ange-Félix Patassé, President of the Central African Republic
  • 1938 Betico Croes, Arubian politician (Status Aparte)
  • 1938 Shotaro Ishinomori, Japanese manga author (d. 1998)
  • 1938 Leiji Matsumoto, Japanese creator of anime
  • 1939 Gabriel Romanus, Swedish politician
  • 1946 Ronnie Brandon, rocker (McCoys)
  • 1946 Silvio Blatter, writer
  • 1948 Gueorgui Chichkine, Russian painter
  • 1948 Ros Kelly, Australian politician
  • 1949 John Cooper Clarke, English punk-poet
  • 1950 Gloria Naylor, US author (Women of Brewster Place), born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)
  • 1952 Timothy White, American journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1953 Mark Weil, Uzbek theatre director (d. 2007)
  • 1954 Kim Gandy, American feminist
  • 1957 Eskil Erlandsson, Swedish politician
  • 1957 Andrew P. Harris, American politician
  • 1958 Harti Weirather, Austrian alpine skier
  • 1961 Vivian Balakrishnan, Singaporean politician
  • 1966 Chet Culver, American politician, governor of Iowa
  • 1967 Mark Bamford, American writer/director
  • 1973 Elvis Presley Jr, alleged son of Elvis Presley
  • 1973 Geoff Johns, American comic book writer

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1533 England's King Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn, his 2nd wife

Queen Anne Boleyn
Anne Boleyn
King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

HeartWedding of Interest

1871 US President William McKinley (27) weds Ida Saxton (23) at the First Presbyterian Church in Canton

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley

Deaths in History

  • 389 Gregory Nazianzus, theologian and Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 329)
  • 477 Geiseric, King of the Vandals and Alans
  • 844 Pope Gregory IV, Italian Pope (827-844)
  • 1067 Emperor Yingzong of China (b. 1032)
  • 1138 Anacletus II, [Pietro Pierleone], Jewish anti-pope (1130-38), dies
  • 1139 Godfried I, with the Beard, duke of Brabant/earl of Leuven, dies
  • 1366 Henry Suso, German mystic
  • 1431 Charles II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1364)
  • 1494 Ferdinand I, cruel king of Naples, dies
  • 1547 Lieven Algoet, Flemish humanist, dies
  • 1573 Hirate Hirohide, Japanese samurai, dies at the Battle of Mikatagahara (b. 1553)
  • 1586 Lucas Cranach "the Young", German painter, dies at 70
  • 1640 Robert Burton, British writer and Anglican clergyman (The Anatomy of Melancholy), dies at 62
  • 1670 Nicholas II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1612)
  • 1726 Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (b. 1675)
  • 1733 Reinier V van Hompech, Dutch gen-maj cavalry, dies
  • 1733 Gilbert Heathcote, Mayor of London (b. 1652)
  • 1751 Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts (b. 1675)
  • 1821 Johan Valckenier, Dutch politician and patriot, dies at 62
  • 1828 Caroline Lamb, English aristocrat, author (Glenarvon), wife of William Lamb, lover of Lord Byron, dies at 42
  • 1852 Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Russian explorer who discovered the continent of Antarctica dies at 72
  • 1855 Dorothy Wordsworth, English writer, brother of William Wordsworth, dies at 83
  • 1881 Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (Grand Kremlin Palace), dies at 86
  • 1896 Frans C Baeckelmans, Flemish architect (Court of Justice), dies at 68
  • 1896 Frederic Leighton, President of the Royal Academy (1878-96), dies
  • 1899 Alfredo d'Escragnolle, French/Brazilian writer (Innocencia), dies
  • 1906 Joseph Wheeler II, Confederate General, dies at 70
  • 1906 Pierre L Goossens, Belgian archbishop of Malines/Cardinal, dies at 78
  • 1908 Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (b. 1850)
  • 1908 Ouida, English writer (b. 1839)
  • 1910 Leon Walras, French economist (School of Lausanne), dies at 75
  • 1920 Amadeo Modigliani, Italian sculptor/painter, dies at 35
  • 1925 Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (b. 1858)
  • 1940 Elias Simojoki, Finnish clergyman and politician (b. 1899)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1947 Al Capone, Chicago gangster, dies of neurosyphilis at 48

Gangster Al Capone
Al Capone
  • 1949 Makino Nobuaki, Japanese statesman (b. 1861)
  • 1952 Sveinn Bjornsson, Danish 1st President of Iceland (1944-52), dies at 70
  • 1957 Kiyoshi Shiga, Japanese physician and bacteriologist (b. 1871)
  • 1957 Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese industrialist and Minister of Commerce and Industry (b. 1873)
  • 1970 Eunice Hunton Carter, 1st African American female DA in NY, dies at 70
  • 1972 Erhard Milch, German field marshal (b. 1892)
  • 1975 Charlotte Whitton, Canadian politician, mayor of Ottawa (b. 1896)
  • 1978 Tango Duke, dies in Australia at 42; oldest known thoroughbred horse
  • 1982 Mihail A Suslov, Soviet party ideologist, dies at 79
  • 1986 Ernst Schnabel, writer, dies at 72
  • 1990 Ian Dudley Hardy, entertainer, dies
  • 1992 Mahmoud Riad, sec-gen of Arab League (1972-79), dies
  • 1994 Stephen Cole Kleene, mathematician (Regular Expressions), dies at 85
  • 1995 Tom Brugman, Dutch puppeteer (Brave Dodo), dies at 62
  • 1997 Jean Dixon, psychic (Gift of Prophecy), dies of a heart attack at 79
  • 1998 Mohammad Yusuf Khan, prime minister of Afganistan in (1963-65), dies
  • 1999 Sarah "Sadie" Delany, American author (b. 1889)
  • 2003 Samuel Weems, Arkansas judge (b. 1936)
  • 2004 Fanny Blankers-Koen, Dutch athlete (b. 1918)
  • 2005 Stanisław Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (b. 1923)
  • 2005 William Augustus Bootle, American judge (b. 1902)
  • 2005 Philip Johnson, American architect (b. 1906)
  • 2005 Manuel Lopes, Cape Verdean writer and poet (b. 1907)
  • 2010 Ali Hasan al-Majid aka Chemical Ali, Iraqi defense minister and military commander (b. 1941)
  • 2016 Concepcion Picciotto, American peace activist (longest political protest in US history, outside The White House), dies at 80
  • 2017 Robert Garcia, American politician hit by Wedtech scandal (Rep-D-NY, 1978-83), dies at 84
  • 2017 Buchi Emecheta, Nigerian English writer (Price of Bride), dies at 72