On This Day

On This Day in History for January 25

Events in History

RomanRoman Empire

41 After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate

Roman Emperor Claudius
Roman Emperor
  • 1139 Godfried II the Young becomes Duke of Brabant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1327 King Edward III accedes to the English throne

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III
  • 1348 Friuli Earthquake in |European southern Alps measuring approximately 6.9, largely destroys Villach, killing 5,000
  • 1494 Alfonso II succeeds his father as King of Naples
  • 1554 Sir Thomas Wyatt gathers an army in Kent, rebels against Queen Mary
  • 1554 Founding of the city of São Paulo in Brazil
  • 1565 Battle at Talikota India: Deccan sultanate destroy Vijayanagar's army and the last Hindu kingdom of Southern India

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1573 Battle of Mikatagahara, in Japan; Takeda Shingen defeats Tokugawa Ieyasu

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1721 Tsar Peter the Great ends Russian-orthodox patriarchy

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1755 Moscow University is established by Elizabeth of Russia and founded by Mikhail Lomonosov on Tatiana Day

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • 1777 Americans drag cannon up hill of Kingsbridge Road to fight British, prompting a name change to Gun Hill Road (Bronx, New York)
  • 1787 Shays' Rebellion suffers a setback when debt-ridden farmers, led by Capt Daniel Shays, fail to capture an arsenal at Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1792 The London Corresponding Society is founded.
  • 1799 1st US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1802 Napoleon Bonaparte elected president of Italian (Cisalpine) Republic

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1819 University of Virginia chartered by Commonwealth of Virginia, with Thomas Jefferson one of its founders

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1825 1st US engineering college opens, Rensselaer Polytechnic, Troy, NY

CameraFamous Photo

1839 Henry Fox Talbot exhibits early photographs to the Royal Institution in the UK

Photography Pioneer William Henry Fox Talbot
Photography Pioneer
William Henry Fox Talbot

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1840 American naval expedition under Charles Wilkes is first to identify Antarctica as a new continent

Naval Officer and Explorer Charles Wilkes
Naval Officer and Explorer
Charles Wilkes
  • 1844 Recontre between Reps Weller & Shriver, US House of Representative
  • 1854 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's play "Bednost ne Porok" premieres in Moscow
  • 1856 Battle of Seattle; skirmish between settlers & Indians
  • 1861 Arsenal Augustaseized by Confederacy in Georgia (US Civil War)
  • 1863 General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
  • 1865 CSS Shenandoah arrives in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1870 Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows
  • 1875 Anti-slavery society forms in New York

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1877 Congress establishes the Electoral Commission to determine the disputed presidential election between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1879 The Bulgarian National Bank is founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.

  • 1882 Bilu, a Russian Zionist organization, forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 National Afro-American League founded in Chicago by Timothy Thomas Fortune, one of earliest civil rights organizations in America

Orator, Writer and Civil Rights Leader Timothy Thomas Fortune
Orator, Writer and Civil Rights Leader
Timothy Thomas Fortune

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Journalist Nellie Bly beats the fictitious journey of Jules Verne's Phileas Fogg around the world by 8 days (72 days)

Journalist and Adventurer Nellie Bly
Journalist and Adventurer
Nellie Bly
Novelist Jules Verne
Jules Verne
  • 1890 United Mine Workers of America forms
  • 1904 179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick, Pennsylvania
  • 1904 John Millington Synge's play "Riders to the Sea" premieres in Dublin
  • 1906 Del Valle Inclans "El Marqués de Bradomin" premieres in Madrid
  • 1907 Julia Ward Howe is first woman elected to National Institute of Arts & Letters (USA)
  • 1908 John Blockx's opera "Baldie" premieres in Antwerp
  • 1910 1st stumping by a 12th man in Tests (N C Tufnell, SAf v Eng)
  • 1910 Children initiate idea of planting trees in Jerusalem

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1914 An Indian mass meeting in Durban unanimously endorse the agreement between General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1915 Alexander Graham Bell in NY calls Thomas Watson in San Francisco
  • 1915 Transcontinental telephone service inaugurated (NY to San Francisco)
  • 1916 Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
  • 1918 Russia declared a republic of Soviets
  • 1919 Founding of League of Nations, 1st meeting 1 year later
  • 1919 The Hotel Pennsylvania, at the time the world's largest, opens in Manhattan
  • 1921 Karel Čapek's play "R.U.R." premieres in Prague, introduces the word "robot"
  • 1923 NVV donates 100,000 guilders to mine workers of Ruhrgebied
  • 1932 1st commencement exercises at Hebrew U in Jerusalem
  • 1937 Miami-to-Tampa bus overturned in a canal, kills 13
  • 1938 Ian Hay's "Bachelor Born" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 Earthquake hits Chillan Chile, 10,000 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 1st nuclear fission experiment (splitting of a uranium atom) in the US, in basement of Pupin Hall, Columbia University by a team including Enrico Fermi

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi
  • 1940 Nazi decrees establishment of Jewish ghetto in Lodz Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Pope Pius XII elevates the Apostolic Vicariate of the Hawaiian Islands to the dignity of a diocese. It becomes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Lt General Rommels African corps reaches Msus

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1945 Grand Rapids, Michigan, becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water
  • 1945 Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths
  • 1945 West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
  • 1946 United Mine Workers union rejoins American Federation of Labor

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1949 1st Israeli election won by David Ben-Gurion's Mapai party

1st Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion
1st Prime Minister of Israel
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1950 73°F (23°C) highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in January
  • 1953 Yuri Sergejev skates world record 500m in 40.9 sec
  • 1955 Jill Kinmont hits a tree & breaks her back in Snow Cup Ski Race
  • 1955 Russia ends state of war with Germany
  • 1955 US & Panama sign canal treaty
  • 1955 Columbia University scientists develop an atomic clock accurate to within one second in 300 years
  • 1956 96.5 cm (38.0") of rainfall, Kilauea Plantation, Hawaii (state record)
  • 1957 FBI arrests Jack & Myra Sobel, charged with spying for USSR
  • 1959 1st transcontinental commercial jet flight (American) (LA to NY for $301)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Pope John XXIII proclaims 2nd Vatican council

  • 1961 Military coup in El Salvador
  • 1964 Echo 2, US communications satellite launched
  • 1968 Risse St in Bronx named
  • 1968 Robert Anderson's "I Never Sang for My Father" premieres in NYC
  • 1969 US-North Vietnamese peace talks begin in Paris

MurderMurder of Interest

1971 Charles Manson & 3 women followers convicted of Tate-LaBianca murders

Murderer Charles Manson
Charles Manson
  • 1971 Himachal Pradesh becomes 18th Indian state

BattleCoup d'état

1971 Military coup in Uganda under Major General Idi Amin

Ugandan Dictator Idi Amin
Ugandan Dictator
Idi Amin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Philadelphia mint's 1st trial strike of Eisenhower dollar

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 The 170 delegates of the Ulster Unionist Council (UUC) call for the resignation of Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark

Prime Minister of Northern Ireland James Chichester-Clark
Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
James Chichester-Clark
  • 1972 7' Ohio State center Luke Witte is stomped in face during a brawl in a game with Minnesota
  • 1974 Dr Christiaan Barnard transplants 1st heterotopic heart transplant (adding donor heart without removal of old)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Bangladeshi parliament disposes of premier Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Founding Father of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Founding Father of Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  • 1976 Surinder Amarnath scores 124 on Test debut Ind v NZ Auckland
  • 1978 Muriel Humphrey (D-Mn) appointed to fill late husband's Senate seat
  • 1979 22.2-km Oshimizu railroad tunnel holed through, central Honshu, Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Pope John Paul II's 1st overseas trip as supreme pontiff

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1979 1st documented case of a robot killing a human in US
  • 1980 Bani Sadr elected president of Iran
  • 1980 Highest speed attained by a warship, 167 kph, USN hovercraft

IranIran Hostage Crisis

1981 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived back in US

Learn More
Iranian students storm the walls of the US Embassy in Tehran
Iranian students storm the walls of the US Embassy in Tehran
Learn More

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Mao's widow Jiang Qing sentenced to death

Communist and Wife of Mao Zedong Jiang Qing
Communist and Wife of Mao Zedong
Jiang Qing
  • 1983 China's supreme court commutes Chiang Ch'ing's death sentence to life
  • 1983 Infrared telescope satellite launched into polar orbit

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie arrested in Bolivia

Gestapo Chief Klaus Barbie
Gestapo Chief
Klaus Barbie
  • 1985 "Black & Blue" premieres in Paris

Birthdays in History

Person of interestMessalina

17 Messalina, Roman Empress (wife of Claudius, infamous for her promiscuity) (born either 17 or 20 AD), born in Rome (d. 48)

Roman Noblewoman and Wife of the Emperor Claudius Messalina
Roman Noblewoman and Wife of the Emperor Claudius
  • 749 Leo IV the Khazar, Byzantine emperor (775-80), born in Constantinople (d. 780)
  • 1477 Anna Duchess of Brittany, heir to the Duchy of Brittany, only woman to be French Consort Queen twice to Charles VIII (1891-98), Louis XII (1499-1514), born in Nantes, France (d. 1514)
  • 1509 Giovanni Morone, Italian cardinal, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1580)
  • 1540 Edmund Campion, English Catholic Jesuit priest & martyr, born in London, England (d. 1581)
  • 1615 Govert Flinck, Dutch painter (Isaac blesses Jacob), born in Kleve, Germany (d. 1660)
  • 1626 John van de Cappelle, Dutch painter, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1679)
  • 1627 Robert Boyle, Anglo-Irish natural philosopher & chemist, born in Lismore, Republic of Ireland (d. 1691)
  • 1634 Gaspar Fagel, Dutch statesman & writer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1688)
  • 1640 William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, English polymath & aristocrat, born in Handsworth, England (d. 1707)
  • 1688 Juraj Jánošík, Slovak highwayman, born in Terchová, Slovakia (d. 1713)
  • 1708 Pompeo Batoni, Italian painter, born in Lucca, Italy (d. 1787)
  • 1736 Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian mathematician & astronomer (number theory, celestial mechanics), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1813)
  • 1739 Charles François Dumouriez, French general, born in Cambrai, France (d. 1823)
  • 1766 Hans Christoph Ernst von Gagern, German statesman & political writer, born in Kleinniedesheim, Germany (d. 1852)
  • 1770 Francis Burdett, British politician, born in Derbyshire, United Kingdom (d. 1844)
  • 1777 Elias Canneman, Dutch politician, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1861)
  • 1794 François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist, born in Carpentras, France (d. 1878)
  • 1796 William McGillivray, Scottish naturalist & ornithologist, born in Old Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1852)
  • 1806 Daniel Maclise, Irish painter, born in Cork, Republic of Ireland (d. 1870)
  • 1814 Francis Harrison Pierpont, American lawyer & politician (Union), born in Morgantown, West Virginia (d. 1899)
  • 1826 Rembt Tobias Hugo Pieter Liebrecht Alexander van Boneval Faure, Dutch lawyer & politician, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1909)
  • 1839 Seldon Connor, American banker, 35th Governor of Maine, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Fairfield, Maine, (d. 1917)
  • 1841 John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher, British admiral, born in Ramboda, Sri Lanka (d. 1920)
  • 1851 Arne Garborg, Norwegian writer & playwright (Bondestudentar), born in Jæren, Norway (d. 1924)
  • 1858 Mikimoto Kōkichi, Japanese entrepreneur & pearl farm pioneer, born in Toba, Japan (d. 1954)
  • 1860 Charles Curtis, American attorney & politician (VP, 1929-33), born in Topeka, Kansas (d. 1936)
  • 1864 Julije Kempf, Croatian historian & writer, born in Požega, Croatia (d. 1934)
  • 1866 Emile Vandervelde, President (1900–1918) of the International Socialist Bureau and Minister of 3 Belgian governments (d. 1938)
  • 1874 Hewlett Johnson [Red Dean of Canterbury], English bishop, born in Salford, Greater Manchester (d. 1966)
  • 1874 W. Somerset Maugham, British novelist & poet (Of Human Bondage), born in Paris, France (d. 1965)
  • 1878 Ernst Alexanderson, Swedish-American television pioneer (Alexanderson alternator), born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 1975)
  • 1881 Emil Ludwig, German biographer (Diana, Son of Man), born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1948)

Person of interestVirginia Woolf

1882 Virginia Woolf [Adeline], British author (Jacob's Room, To Lighthouse), born in London, England (d. 1941)

  • 1885 Kitahara Hakushū, Japanese poet & children's writers, born in Nankan, Japan (d. 1942)
  • 1887 Diego Valeri, Italian author & poet (Le Gaie Tristezze), born in Piove di Sacco, Italy (d. 1976)
  • 1891 William Christian Bullitt Jr., 1st US ambassador to USSR, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1967)
  • 1896 John Moores, British businessman, born in Lancashire, England (d. 1993)
  • 1898 Joachim Wach, German religious scholar (Understanding), born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1955)
  • 1900 Theodosius Dobzhansky, Russian-American genetist, evolutionary biologist and author (Mankind Evolving), born in Nemyriv, Russian Empire (d. 1975)
  • 1900 Yojiro Ishizaka, Japanese writer, born in Hirosaki, Japan (d. 1986)
  • 1902 Gerard Knuvelder, Dutch literature historian (Vocation, Kitty), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • 1902 Pablo Antonio, Filipino modernist architect, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1975)
  • 1904 Frans Goedhart, Dutch journalist (Het Parool), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Lord Iliffe, English publisher (Coventry Evening Telegraph/Autocar), born in Coventry, United Kingdom (d. 1960)
  • 1910 Harold Watkinson, British politician & businessman, born in Walton-on-Thames, United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Lucius E. Burch Jr., American attorney, born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Luis Marden, American photojournalist, born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 2003)
  • 1915 Michael Duane, British progressive educationalist & author, born in Galway, Ireland (d. 1997)
  • 1917 Ilya Prigogine, Russian scientist & Nobel laureate, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 2003)
  • 1917 Jânio Quadros, Brazilian politician, born in Campo Grande, Brazil (d. 1992)
  • 1921 Russell Reading Braddon, Australian author, born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1995)
  • 1922 Jules de Palm, Antilles writer, born in Curaçao (d. 2013)
  • 1923 Eva Zeller, German poet & novelist, born in Eberswalde, Brandenburg
  • 1923 Shirley Mason, American psychiatric patient (Commonly known as "Sybil"), born in Dodge Center, Minnesota (d. 1998)
  • 1923 Arvid Carlsson, Swedish neuropharmacologist whose work with dopamine to treat Parkinson's disease earned him a Nobel Prize (2000), born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 2018)
  • 1927 Seung Sahn, Korean zen teacher (Korean line), born in North Korea (d. 2004)

Person of interestEduard Shevardnadze

1928 Eduard Shevardnadze, President of Georgia (1995-2003) and Soviet Foreign Minister (1985-90), born in Mamati, Georgia (d. 2014)

President of Georgia and Soviet Diplomat Eduard Shevardnadze
President of Georgia and Soviet Diplomat
Eduard Shevardnadze
  • 1928 Jérôme Choquette, Quebec lawyer and politician, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1929 Robert Faurisson, British-born French academic, born in Shepperton, United Kingdom (d. 2018)
  • 1930 Tanya Savicheva, Russian diarist, born in Dvorišče (d. 1944)
  • 1931 Paavo Haavikko, Finnish poet & writer, born in Helsiniki, Finland (d. 2008)

Person of interestCorazon Aquino

1933 Corazon Aquino, 11th President of the Philippines (1986-92), born in Paniqui, Tarlac, Philippines (d. 2009)

11th President of the Philippines Corazon Aquino
11th President of the Philippines
Corazon Aquino
  • 1935 António Ramalho Eanes, 17th President of Portugal, born in Castelo Branco Municipality, Portugal
  • 1935 Conrad Burns, American politician (Senate-R-Montana 1989-2007), born in Gallatin, Missouri (d. 2016)
  • 1936 Dan Schaefer, American politician (Rep-R-CO, 1983- ), born in Gutternberg, Iowa (d. 2006)
  • 1937 Kathleen Tynan Halton, Canadian-British journalist & author, born in Canada (d. 1995)
  • 1937 Ange-Félix Patassé, President of the Central African Republic, born in Paoua, Central African Republic (d. 2011)
  • 1938 Betico Croes, Arubian politician (Status Aparte), born in Aruba (d. 1986)
  • 1938 Shotaro Ishinomori, Japanese manga author, born in Tome, Japan (d. 1998)
  • 1938 Leiji Matsumoto, Japanese creator of anime, born in Kurume, Japan
  • 1939 Gabriel Romanus, Swedish politician, born in Helsingborg, Sweden
  • 1942 Jens Nygaard Knudsen, Danish Lego designer of the minifigure, born in Denmark (d. 2020)
  • 1946 Ronnie Brandon, American rocker (McCoys), born in Union City, Indiana
  • 1946 Silvio Blatter, Swiss writer, born in Bremgarten, Switzerland
  • 1948 Gueorgui Chichkine, Russian painter, born in Yekaterinburg, Russia
  • 1948 Ros Kelly, Australian politician, born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1949 John Cooper Clarke, English performance poet, born in Lancashire, England
  • 1950 Gloria Naylor, American author (Women of Brewster Place), born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)
  • 1950 Michael Cotten, American rock synthesizer (Tubes) and art designer, born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • 1952 Timothy White, American journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1952 Peter Tatchell, Australian-born British politician, journalist and human rights campaigner (Peter Tatchell Foundation), born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1953 Mark Weil, Uzbekistani theatre director, born in Tashkent, Uzbekistan (d. 2007)
  • 1954 Kim Gandy, American feminist, born in Bossier City, Louisiana
  • 1955 Toru Iwatani, Japanese video game designer (Pac-Man), born in Meguro, Tokyo
  • 1957 Eskil Erlandsson, Swedish politician, born in Kronoberg County, Sweden
  • 1957 Andrew P. Harris, American politician & physician, born in NYC, New York
  • 1957 Luis Garavito [The Beast, Tribilín], Colombian serial killer described as "the world's worst serial killer" (138-300+ victims), born in Génova, Quindío, Colombia
  • 1958 Harti Weirather, Austrian alpine skier, born in Reutte, Austria
  • 1961 Vivian Balakrishnan, Singaporean politician, born in Singapore
  • 1966 Chet Culver, American politician (Governor of Iowa), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1973 Elvis Presley Jr., alleged son of Elvis Presley
  • 1973 Geoff Johns, American comic book writer, born in Detroit, Michigan

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1533 England's King Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn, his 2nd wife

Queen Anne Boleyn
Anne Boleyn
King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

LoveWedding of Interest

1871 US President William McKinley (27) weds Ida Saxton (23) at the First Presbyterian Church in Canton

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley

Deaths in History

  • 389 Gregory Nazianzus, theologian and Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 329)
  • 477 Geiseric, King of the Vandals and Alans
  • 844 Pope Gregory IV, Italian Pope (827-844)
  • 1067 Zhao Shu, Chinese Emperor Yingzong of Song (1063-67), dies of illness at 34
  • 1138 Anacletus II [Pietro Pierleone], Jewish anti-pope (1130-38), dies
  • 1139 Godfried I, with the Beard, duke of Brabant/earl of Leuven, dies
  • 1366 Henry Suso, German mystic
  • 1431 Charles II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1364)
  • 1494 Ferdinand I, cruel king of Naples, dies
  • 1547 Lieven Algoet, Flemish humanist, dies

Person of interestChristian II

1559 Christian II, King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, dies at 77

King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway Christian II
King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway
Christian II
  • 1573 Hirate Hirohide, Japanese samurai, dies at the Battle of Mikatagahara (b. 1553)
  • 1586 Lucas Cranach the Younger, German painter, dies at 70
  • 1640 Robert Burton, British writer and Anglican clergyman (The Anatomy of Melancholy), dies at 62
  • 1670 Nicholas II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1612)
  • 1726 Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (b. 1675)
  • 1733 Reinier V van Hompech, Dutch gen-maj cavalry, dies
  • 1733 Gilbert Heathcote, Mayor of London (b. 1652)
  • 1751 Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts, dies at 75
  • 1821 Johan Valckenier, Dutch politician and patriot, dies at 62
  • 1828 Caroline Lamb, English aristocrat, author (Glenarvon), wife of William Lamb, lover of Lord Byron, dies at 42
  • 1844 Horace H. Hayden, 1st American licensed dentist and cofounds 1st dental college, dies at 74

Person of interestFabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen

1852 Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Russian explorer who discovered the continent of Antarctica dies at 72

  • 1855 Dorothy Wordsworth, English poet, diarist and sister of William Wordsworth, dies at 83
  • 1881 Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (Grand Kremlin Palace), dies at 86
  • 1896 Frans Baeckelmans, Flemish architect (Court of Justice), dies at 68
  • 1896 Frederic Leighton, President of the Royal Academy (1878-96), dies
  • 1899 Alfredo d'Escragnolle, French/Brazilian writer (Innocencia), dies
  • 1906 Joseph Wheeler, American Major General (Confederacy/Cavalry/Army of Tennessee), dies at 70
  • 1906 Pierre-Lambert Goossens, Belgian archbishop of Mechelen and Cardinal Primate of Belgium, dies at 78
  • 1908 Ouida, English writer (b. 1839)
  • 1910 Leon Walras, French economist (School of Lausanne), dies at 75
  • 1920 Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (Reclining Nude), dies at 35
  • 1925 Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (b. 1858)
  • 1940 Elias Simojoki, Finnish clergyman and politician (b. 1899)

Person of interestAl Capone

1947 Al Capone, Chicago gangster, dies of neurosyphilis at 48

Gangster Al Capone
Al Capone
  • 1949 Makino Nobuaki, Japanese statesman (b. 1861)
  • 1952 Sveinn Bjornsson, Danish 1st President of Iceland (1944-52), dies at 70
  • 1957 Kiyoshi Shiga, Japanese physician and bacteriologist (b. 1871)
  • 1957 Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese industrialist and Minister of Commerce and Industry (b. 1873)
  • 1970 Eunice Hunton Carter, 1st African American female district attorney (NY), dies at 70
  • 1972 Erhard Milch, German field marshal (b. 1892)
  • 1975 Charlotte Whitton, Canadian politician, Mayor of Ottawa (1951-56), dies at 78
  • 1981 Adele Astaire [Lady Charles Cavendish], American dancer and entertainer, sister of Fred Astaire (Last Man on Earth, Millie), dies at 82
  • 1982 Mikhail Suslov, Soviet party ideologist and statesman, dies at 79
  • 1986 Ernst Schnabel, German writer and pioneer of the radio documentary, dies at 72
  • 1990 Ian Dudley Hardy, entertainer, dies
  • 1992 Mahmoud Riad, Secretary-General of Arab League (1972-79), dies
  • 1993 Henry Louis Miller, American Rear Admiral (WW II-Pacific), dies at 80
  • 1994 Stephen Cole Kleene, mathematician (Regular Expressions), dies at 85
  • 1995 Tom Brugman, Dutch puppeteer (Brave Dodo), dies at 62
  • 1997 Jean Dixon, psychic (Gift of Prophecy), dies of a heart attack at 79
  • 1998 Mohammad Yusuf Khan, prime minister of Afganistan in (1963-65), dies
  • 1999 Sarah Louise "Sadie" Delany, American author and teacher, dies at 109
  • 2003 Samuel Weems, Arkansas judge (b. 1936)
  • 2005 Stanisław Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (b. 1923)
  • 2005 William Augustus Bootle, American judge (b. 1902)
  • 2005 Philip Johnson, American architect (b. 1906)
  • 2005 Manuel Lopes, Cape Verdean writer and poet (b. 1907)
  • 2010 Ali Hasan al-Majid aka Chemical Ali, Iraqi defense minister and military commander (b. 1941)
  • 2010 Charles Mathias Jr., American Republican politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), dies at 87
  • 2016 Concepcion Picciotto, American peace activist (longest political protest in US history, outside The White House), dies at 80
  • 2017 Robert Garcia, American politician hit by Wedtech scandal (Rep-D-NY, 1978-83), dies at 84
  • 2017 Buchi Emecheta, Nigerian English writer (Price of Bride), dies at 72
  • 2019 Florence Knoll Bassett, American furniture designer (Knoll), dies at 101
  • 2019 Meshulam Riklis, Turkish-born Israeli businessman and husband of Pia Zadora, dies at 95