On This Day

On This Day in History for January 28

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1077 German King Henry IV is absolved by Holy Roman Emperor Pope Gregory VII and invited back to the Church after his penitent Walk to Canossa

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1099 1st Crusaders begins siege of Hosn-el-Akrad Syria
  • 1262 Flemish Dutch coast ravaged by north westerly storm
  • 1393 Fire during Royal Ball in Paris, 4 die (Ball of the Ardents)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1495 Pope Alexander VI (Roderic Llançol i de Borgia) gives his son Cesare as hostage to Charles VIII of France

King of France Charles VIII
King of France
Charles VIII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1521 Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms in Worms, Germany which lasts until May 25th; Produced the "Edict of Worms" which denounced Martin Luther

Theologian and Founder of Protestantism Martin Luther
Theologian and Founder of Protestantism
Martin Luther
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1547 9-year-old Edward VI succeeds Henry VIII as King of England

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1561 By Edict of Orleans French persecution of Huguenots is suspended
  • 1573 Articles of Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1581 James VI signs 2nd Confession of Faith in Scotland

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1624 Sir Thomas Warner founds the first English colony in the Caribbean, on Saint Kitts.

<b>Pirate</b> AttackPirate Attack

1671 Welsh pirate Henry Morgan captures Panama City from its Spanish defenders

Pirate Henry Morgan
Henry Morgan
  • 1689 English parliament resolves that the throne is vacant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1724 The Russian Academy of Sciences founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the Great, and implemented in a Senate decree. Called St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences until 1917.

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1754 Horace Walpole, in a letter to Horace Mann, coins the word serendipity
  • 1760 Pownal, Vermont created by Benning Wentworth as one of the New Hampshire Grants

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1770 Frederick North becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain after Augustus FitzRoy resigns

British Prime Minister Frederick North
British Prime Minister
Frederick North
British Prime Minister Augustus FitzRoy
British Prime Minister
Augustus FitzRoy
  • 1787 Philadelphia's Free Africa Society organizes
  • 1788 Lord Gordon found guilty of libel of Queen of France
  • 1807 London's Pall Mall is 1st street lit by gaslight

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1813 Jane Austen's "Pride and Prejudice" is published by Thomas Egerton in the United Kingdom

Novelist Jane Austen
Jane Austen
  • 1814 Stendahl's 1st book is published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1819 Sir Stamford Raffles lands in Singapore

British Statesman and Founder of Singapore Stamford Raffles
British Statesman and Founder of Singapore
Stamford Raffles
  • 1824 William Kneass becomes 3rd US chief engraver (1824-40)
  • 1846 Battle of Allwal, British beat Sikhs in Punjab
  • 1848 King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution
  • 1851 Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered
  • 1855 The first locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway
  • 1860 Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua
  • 1864 Battle of New Bern, North Carolina

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1865 Confederate President Jefferson Davis names 3 peace commissioners

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1871 Paris surrenders to Prussians
  • 1878 George Coy, Herrick Frost, and Walter Lewis open first commercial telephone exchange, in New Haven, Connecticut [1]
  • 1878 Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper
  • 1881 Battle at Laing's Neck Natal: Boers beat superior powered British

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1885 Commission for Auguste Rodin's sculpture 'The Burghers of Calais' signed by the Municipal Council of Calais.

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Auguste Rodin
  • 1887 England all out for 45 v Aust SCG, their lowest total ever
  • 1887 In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, the world's largest snowflakes are reported, being 15 inches (38 cm) wide and 8 inches (20 cm) thick.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1887 Work begins on the Eiffel Tower in Paris

Engineer and Architect Gustave Eiffel
Engineer and Architect
Gustave Eiffel
  • 1893 Edward Mcdowell's "Hamlet & Ophelia" premieres in Boston
  • 1899 American Social Science Association incorporated by Congress
  • 1902 Carnegie Institute founded in Washington, D.C.
  • 1909 US military forces leave Cuba for 2nd time
  • 1911 Frenchman Henri Rougier wins 1st Rally of Monte Carlo
  • 1914 Beverly Hills, California, is incorporated
  • 1915 1st US ship lost in WW I, William P Frye (carrying wheat to UK)
  • 1915 The United States Coast Guard is created by merging the US Life Saving Service & the US Revenue Cutter Service

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 US President Woodrow Wilson refuses to prohibit immigration of illiterates

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1916 Louis Brandeis is appointed to the Supreme Court of the United States after being nominated by President Woodrow Wilson
  • 1916 German colony of Cameroon surrenders to Britain & France
  • 1917 Municipally owned streetcars take to the streets of San Francisco, California
  • 1918 Strike on Berlin ammunition factory
  • 1918 Finnish Civil War: Rebels seized control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.
  • 1922 Knickerbocker Storm, Washington, D.C.'s biggest snowfall, causes the city's greatest loss of life when the roof of the Knickerbocker Theater collapses, killing 98 patrons
  • 1923 Demonstration against a Dutch University in Ghent
  • 1925 -46°F (-43°C), Pittsburgh, New Hampshire (state record)
  • 1927 Serbian-Croatian-Slavic government of Oezonowitsj falls
  • 1928 Christopher Hornsrud chosen Prime Minister of Norway
  • 1932 1st US state unemployment insurance act enacted (Wisconsin)
  • 1932 Japanese forces attack Shanghai.
  • 1933 French government of Paul Boncour falls
  • 1933 German government of Von Schleicher falls
  • 1933 The name "Pakistan" is coined by Choudhry Rahmat Ali and gradually accepted by Muslims in the Indian sub-continent who use it to push for a separate Muslim homeland in South Asia
  • 1934 1st US ski tow (rope) begins operation (Woodstock, Vermont)
  • 1935 Iceland becomes 1st western country to legalize abortion
  • 1941 French-Thai War: Final air battle of the conflict. Japanese-mediated armistice goes into effect later in the day.
  • 1942 Soviet troops under General Timoshenko's troops move into Ukraine
  • 1942 German troops occupy Benghazi Libya
  • 1942 WW II Navy flier Don Mason sends message "Sighted sub sank same"
  • 1944 683 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944 U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland
  • 1945 Dutch airplanes dump pamphlets on Java
  • 1945 General "Vinegar Joe" Stillwell and truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China
  • 1945 Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands
  • 1947 "Bay Psalm" book auctioned for a record $151,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 President Manuel Roxas granted full amnesty to all so-called Philippine collaborators

5th President of the Philippines Manuel Roxas
5th President of the Philippines
Manuel Roxas
  • 1948 A plane crash in the Diablo mountains kills 28 bracero farm workers being sent back to Mexico, inspiring Woodie Guthrie's song "Deportee"
  • 1949 UN Security council convicts Dutch aggression in Indonesia
  • 1950 Preston Tucker, auto maker, found not guilty of mail fraud
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1953 19-year old Derek Bentley is hanged in Wandsworth Prison, London, controversially convicted of the murder of a police officer. He was pardoned on 30th July 1998.
  • 1958 Construction began on 1st private thorium-uranium nuclear reactor
  • 1958 The Lego company patents their design of Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today
  • 1960 1st photograph bounced off Moon, Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 A new version of "La fille mal gardée" choreographed by Frederick Ashton debuts by the Royal Ballet with Nadia Nerina debuts at Covent Garden, London

Choreographer Frederick Ashton
Frederick Ashton
  • 1961 Republic of Rwanda proclaimed
  • 1962 Johanne Relleke gets stung by bees 2,443 times in Rhodesia & survives
  • 1963 -34°F (-37°C), Cynthiana, Kentucky (state record)
  • 1968 Radiation alert following B-52 crash in Arctic air base of Thule in Greenland
  • 1969 2nd ABA All-Star Game: West 133 beats East 127 at Louisville
  • 1970 Lubomír Strougal succeeds Cernik as premier of Czechoslovakia
  • 1972 Oral Roberts' Eddie Woods grabs 30 rebounds for 2nd consecutive game
  • 1972 The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association place "special emphasis on the necessity for a peaceful incident-free day" at the next march on 30 January in an effort to avoid violence
  • 1973 In the run up to the first anniversary of 'Bloody Sunday' there is serious rioting in Derry, North Ireland
  • 1974 Sam Thompson, Jim Bottomley, & Jocko Conlan elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1975 8th ABA All-Star Game: East 151 beats West 124 at San Antonio
  • 1976 E. A. S. Prasanna takes 8-76 to rip through NZ at Eden Park
  • 1978 Ted Nugent autographs a fan's arm with his knife
  • 1979 Arthur Kopit's "Wings" premieres in NYC

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1979 Pope John Paul II addresses the Third General Conference of Latin American Episcopate in Puebla, Mexico

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II

Birthdays in History

  • 598 Li Shimin, Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China (626-49), born at Wugong (d. 649)
  • 1312 Queen Joan II of Navarre (d. 1349)
  • 1457 Henry VII, Pembroke Castle, 1st Tudor king of England (1485-1509)
  • 1540 Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (d. 1610)
  • 1578 Cornelis Haga, Dutch lawyer/ambassador to Constantinople (1611-39)
  • 1582 John Barclay, Scottish satirist writer and poet (Euphormio's Satyricon), born in Pont-à-Mousson, Lorraine, France (d. 1621)
  • 1600 Clement IX [Giulio Rospigliosi], Italian Pope (238th: 1667-69), born in Pistoia, Italy (d. 1669)
  • 1608 Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, mathematician and astronomer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1679)
  • 1611 Johannes Hevelius, Danzig, astronomer (star cataloger)
  • 1622 Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (d. 1691)
  • 1688 Jan Maurits Quinkhard, Dutch portrait painter
  • 1693 Anna "Ivanovna", tsarina of Russia (1730-40) (2/7 NS)
  • 1701 Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (d. 1774)
  • 1702 Hermanus Noordkerk, Dutch lawyer
  • 1706 John Baskerville, English printer (typeface inventor)
  • 1712 Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (d. 1761)
  • 1714 Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor (Child with Cage, Mercury Fastening his Sandals), born in Paris (d. 1785)
  • 1717 Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1774). Reigned 1757-74.
  • 1719 Johann Elias Schlegel, German critic and poet (d. 1749)
  • 1768 Frederick VI, Danish king (1808-39); lost Norway to Sweden (1814)

Person of interestGeorge Hamilton-Gordon

1784 George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Peelite: 1852-55) and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1861)

British Prime Minister George Hamilton-Gordon
British Prime Minister
George Hamilton-Gordon

Person of interestRobert McClure

1807 Robert McClure, Irish explorer who discovered the Northwest passage, born in Wexford, Ireland (d. 1873)

Explorer Robert McClure
Robert McClure
  • 1815 Andrew Jackson Hamilton, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 1875)
  • 1818 George Sewall Boutwell, MC (Union), (d. 1905)

Person of interestAlexander Mackenzie

1822 Alexander Mackenzie, 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1873-78), born in Logierait, Scotland (d. 1892)

2nd Prime Minister of Canada Alexander Mackenzie
2nd Prime Minister of Canada
Alexander Mackenzie
  • 1825 George Edward Pickett, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1875)
  • 1828 Michel Abeloos, Flemish sculptor
  • 1828 Thomas Carmichael Hindman, Jr., American attorney, and Confederate Army Major General, born in Knoxville Tennessee (d. 1868)
  • 1831 Henry Brevard Davidson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • 1833 Charles George Gordon, general (China, Khartoum), born in London, England

Person of interestHenry Morton Stanley

1841 Henry Morton Stanley, Welsh journalist and African explorer (found Livingstone in Africa), born in Denbigh, Wales (d. 1904)

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1853 Jose Martí y Perez, Cuba, poet/essayist/politician
  • 1855 William Seward Burroughs, American inventor of the 1st workable adding machine, born in rural New York (d. 1898)
  • 1863 Ernst William Christmas, Australian painter (d. 1918)
  • 1864 Herbert Akroyd Stuart, English engineer - inventor of the first compression ignition engine (d. 1927)
  • 1865 Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1928)
  • 1865 Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first president of Finland (d. 1952)

Person of interestColette

1873 Colette [Sidonie-Gabrielle], French novelist and performer (Gigi), born in Paris, France

Novelist and Performer Colette
Novelist and Performer
  • 1884 Auguste Piccard, Swiss scientist/explorer (balloonist), twin brother of Jean Felix Piccard
  • 1884 Jean Felix Piccard, Swiss scientist/explorer (balloonist) twin brother of Auguste Piccard
  • 1884 Lucien H d'Azambuja, French astronomer (chromosome of sun)
  • 1886 Marthe Bibesco, Romanian writer (d. 1973)
  • 1886 Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese electrical engineer (d. 1976)
  • 1890 Robert Stroud, American convict, "Birdman of Alcatraz", born in Seattle Washington (d. 1963)
  • 1891 Camille Melloy [Paepe], Belgian poet (Parfum des Buis)
  • 1897 Valentin Kataev, novelist/playwright (Embezzled), born in Odessa Ukraine (d. 1986)
  • 1898 Wies Moens, Flemish writer/nazi
  • 1899 Elias Simojoki, Finnish clergyman and politician (d. 1940)
  • 1900 Alexandre AM Stols [Chl van Halsbeke], publisher (History of Ecuador)
  • 1900 Hermann Kesten, German writer (Allert de Lange)
  • 1900 Alice Neel, American artist (d. 1984)
  • 1903 Dame Kathleen Lonsdale, crystallographer (1st woman in Royal Society)
  • 1904 Canuplin, Filipino magician and bodabil entertainer (d. 1979)
  • 1905 Luther George Simjian, Turkish-American Inventor (teleprompter and first self-posing portrait camera)
  • 1906 Harry van Kruiningen [Henri A Janssen], painter and graphic artist
  • 1910 Verda Bryant, American author
  • 1911 Johan van Hulst, Dutch teacher who helped save 600 children from the Nazis, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 2018)

Person of interestJackson Pollock

1912 Jackson Pollock, American expressionist painter (Lavender Mist), born in Cody, Wyoming (d. 1956)

  • 1912 William "Bill" Henson, English diplomat (Prague 1939)
  • 1913 Oliver Chesterton, chartered surveyor
  • 1918 Harry M Corbett, Bradford, puppeteer/entertainer (Sooty, Some People)
  • 1918 Trevor Skeet, British MP
  • 1918 Wilson Ferreira Aldunate, Uruguayan politician/human rights worker
  • 1920 James Whyte, Moderator (General Assembly of Church of Scotland)
  • 1922 Robert W Holley, American biochemist, worked with RNA (Nobel '68)
  • 1925 Henry Harris, British professor of medicine
  • 1927 Anthony Garner, director (Conservative Central Office)
  • 1927 J D Hughes, Principal (Ruskin College-Oxford)
  • 1928 MG Falcon, CEO (Norwich Union Insurance Group)
  • 1928 Martin Sinnatt, Major-General/secretary (Kennel Club)
  • 1928 Slade Gorton, American politician (Sen-R-WA, 1981-87, 1989-2001), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2020)
  • 1929 Claes Oldenburg, US pop artist (Alphabet/Good Humor), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1930 David Morris, British MEP
  • 1931 Timothy Kitson, British politician
  • 1932 David Thompson, CEO (Gestetner Holdings)
  • 1932 Thomas J Bliley Jr, (Rep-R-VA, 1981- )
  • 1932 David Hennessy, Lord Windlesham, British peer and TV executive, Leader of the House of Lords (1973-4) (d. 2010)
  • 1934 BR White, principal (Regent's Park College-Oxford)
  • 1935 David John Lodge, British writer and literary critic (Soul & Bodies), born in London, England
  • 1935 Manuel dos Santos Lima, Angolan revolutionary and poet (Pele do Diabo), born in Silva Porto, Portuguese Empire
  • 1936 Bill Jordan, British trade unionist
  • 1936 Enid Castle, principal (Cheltenham Ladies' College)
  • 1937 Bette Howland [Lee Sotonoff], American writer and literary critic (Blue in Chicago, The iron year), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • 1939 John M Fabian, Goosecreek Tx, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 7, STS 51G)

Person of interestCarlos Slim

1940 Carlos Slim, Mexican business magnate (América Móvil) once ranked as the richest person in the world, born in Mexico City, Mexico

Businessman Carlos Slim
Carlos Slim
  • 1944 James Cran, British MP
  • 1944 John Edmonds, British trade unionist
  • 1945 Nick Raynsford, British MP
  • 1947 MJ Ainsworth, CEO (Institute of Chartered Secretaries)
  • 1947 Valerie Bragg, principal (City Technology College-Kingshurst)
  • 1948 Mamoru Mohri, Yoichi-machi Hokkaido Japan, astronaut (STS 47)
  • 1948 Charles Taylor, President of Liberia
  • 1949 Thomas J Downey, (Rep-D-NY, 1975- )
  • 1949 Jerzy Szczakiel, Polish speedway rider (World Individual C'ship 1973; World Pairs C'ship 1971), born in Grudzicach, Poland (d. 2020)
  • 1950 David Carl Hilmers, Iowa, Col USMC/astronaut (STS 51-J, 26, 36, 42)
  • 1950 Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, King of Bahrain (1999 - present), born in Riffa, Bahrain
  • 1951 Gordon Prentice, British MP
  • 1951 Leonid Konstantinovich Kadenyuk, Kkishkov Ukraine, astronaut (STS 87)
  • 1951 Brian Bilbray, American politician
  • 1954 Rick Warren, American pastor and author

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1867 Labor union leader Samuel Gompers (17) weds co-worker Sophia Julian (16) in Brooklyn, New York

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers

LoveWedding of Interest

1904 German chancellor Konrad Adenauer (28) weds Emma Weyer at St. Stephan Catholic Church in Lindenthal, Germany

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer

LoveWedding of Interest

1929 Mobster Bugsy Siegel (23) weds childhood sweetheart Esta Krakower

Mobster Bugsy Siegel
Bugsy Siegel

LoveWedding of Interest

1956 Science student later astronaut Neil Armstrong marries fellow student Janet Elizabeth Shearon in Wilmette, Illinois

Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong
  • 1984 Mr Glynn Wolfe marries for non-bigamous record 26th time, Las Vegas
  • 2006 Jessica McClure (18), who at 18 months fell into an abandoned well weds Daniel Morales (32) in the Greenwood Church of Christ near Midland

Deaths in History

Person of interestCharlemagne

814 Charlemagne, German emperor/Roman Emperor (800-814), dies at 71

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1061 Duke Spytihněv II of Bohemia (b. 1031)
  • 1119 Gelasius II [Giovannis Caetani], pope (1118-19), dies
  • 1256 Willem II, earl of Holland/German emperor (1238, 47-56), dies at 22
  • 1271 Isabella of Aragon, wife of Philip III and Queen consort of France (1270-1), dies of complications from childbirth at 22 or 23
  • 1393 Earl of Joigny, burned at royal ball in Paris
  • 1443 Robert le Maçon, Chancellor of France
  • 1528 Philips of Cleve, ruler of Ravenstein, dies

Person of interestHenry VIII

1547 Henry VIII, King of England (1509-47), dies at 55

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1549 Elia Levita, German-Yiddish writer (Habachur), dies at about 80
  • 1560 John a Lasco [John Laski], Polish nobleman/reformed theologist, dies

Person of interestFrancis Drake

1596 Francis Drake, English pirate, Admiral and Governor of Newfoundland (Porto Bello West Indies), dies of dysentery at 50

Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
  • 1606 Carolus Gallus [Karel de Haan], Dutch lawyer, pastor and vicar, dies at 85
  • 1612 Thomas Bodley, diplomat/founder (Bodleian Library), dies
  • 1621 Pope Paul V [Camillo Borghese], 233rd pope (1605-21) and persecutor of Galileo, dies at 68
  • 1672 Pierre Séguier, Chancellor of France, dies at 83
  • 1681 Richard Allestree, English royalist churchman (b. 1619)
  • 1687 Johannes Hevelius, astronomer (star cataloger), dies on 76th birthday
  • 1697 John Fenwick, English conspirator
  • 1754 Ludvig Holberg, Baron of Holberg, founder of modern Danish and Norwegian literature, dies at 69
  • 1782 Jean-Baptiste-Bourguignon d'Anville, French geographer and cartographer, dies at 84
  • 1810 Andrew Hofer, Tyrolian rebel against French & Bavarians, shot dead
  • 1829 William Burke, murderer/body snatcher, executed in Edinburgh
  • 1829 Thomas Tredgold, Railway Engineer and Carpenter, dies at 40
  • 1832 Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (b. 1769)
  • 1838 Aleksandr Polezhayev, Russian poet (Sasjka), dies at 33 [OS 16 Jan]
  • 1859 F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1827-28), dies at 76
  • 1859 William H. Prescott, American historian, dies at 62
  • 1864 Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (b. 1799)
  • 1867 John J. Pettus, American politician, Confederate governor (D-Miss, 1859-63), dies at 53
  • 1868 Adalbert Stifter, Austrian author (Witiko), commits suicide at 62
  • 1890 Prudence Crandall, American educator and founder of School for "young ladies of colour", dies at 86
  • 1893 Samuel S. Carroll, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 60
  • 1895 François Certain Canrobert, French marshal and parliament member, dies at 85
  • 1908 Sidney Paget, British illustrator (Sherlock Holmes), dies at 47
  • 1912 Gustave de Molinari, Belgian economist (b. 1819)
  • 1915 Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist and mathematician known for discovering the Umov-Poynting vector and Umov effect, dies at 68

Person of interestJohn McCrae

1918 John McCrae, Canadian poet/physician/soldier, dies of pneumonia at 45

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae
  • 1924 Simon Abramsz, Dutch teacher and writer (For the Young Ones), dies at 56
  • 1926 Kaufmann Kohler, German-born American reform rabbi and theologian, dies at 82
  • 1933 Theodor Birt [Beatus Rhenanus], German classicist and writer, dies at 80
  • 1936 Richard Loeb, American Murder, killed Bobby Franks along with Nathan Leopold, killed in prison at 30
  • 1939 W. B. Yeats, Irish poet (Wild Swans at Coole-Nobel 1923), dies at 73
  • 1950 Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician, dies at 66
  • 1951 Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, Finnish general and 6th President of Finland (1944-46), dies at 83
  • 1953 James Scullin, Australian Labour Party politician and 9th Prime Minister of Australia, dies at 76
  • 1953 Derek Bentley, Englishman controversially convicted for murder of a police officer (pardoned 1998), executed at 19
  • 1957 Fred Stein, TV panelist (Live Begins at 80), dies at 88
  • 1959 Joseph Sprinzak, Speaker of Israel Knesset (1949-59), dies at 73
  • 1960 Zora Neale Hurston, American author, dies at 69
  • 1963 Jean Felix Piccard, swiss explorer, dies on his 79th birthday
  • 1965 Maxime Weygand, French soldier (b. 1867)
  • 1971 Donald Winnicott, British psychoanalyst (b. 1896)
  • 1972 Adriaan B "Jaap" Wagemaker, Dutch sculptor, dies at 66
  • 1972 Dino Buzzati, Italian writer (The Tartar Steppe), dies at 67
  • 1975 Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (b. 1887)
  • 1979 Eileen Shanahan, Irish poet (The Three Children (Near Clonmel)), dies at 77
  • 1983 Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (the shortest-serving prime minister in Australia's history-8 days), dies at 92
  • 1986 Christa McAuliffe, American teacher, dies in the Challenger space shuttle disaster at 37
  • 1986 Ellison S Onizuka, Hawaii, Mjr USAF/ast, dies in Challenger disaster
  • 1986 Francis R Scobee, Wash, USAF/astronaut, dies in Challenger disaster
  • 1986 Judith Arlene Resnik, Akron Oh, astr, dies in Challenger disaster
  • 1986 Michael J. Smith, American astronaut (51L-Challenger disaster), dies in Challenger at 40
  • 1986 Ronald E McNair, American astronaut and physicist, dies in Challenger disaster at 35
  • 1986 Greg Jarvis - Crew of Space Shuttle Challenger (b. 1944)
  • 1988 Klaus Fuchs, German physicist (b. 1911)
  • 1991 Dale Long, hit HRs in 8 consecutive games, dies at 66
  • 1992 Nahman Avigad, Israeli archaeologist (Discovering Jerusalem), dies at 86
  • 1994 Hermanus P "Piet" Mulder, Dutch journalist (Het Parool), dies at 79
  • 1994 William Levitt, builder (Levittown), dies of kidney failure at 86
  • 1995 Barrie Wilson, British religious scholar (How Jesus Became Christian), dies at 59
  • 1995 George Woodcock, Canadian writer of political biography and history (Anarchism: A History of Libertarian Ideas and Movements), dies at 82
  • 1995 James P Grant, American director of UNICEF (1980-95), dies at 72
  • 1995 Jim Gilbert, British artist and criminal, dies at 61
  • 1995 Philip Burton, Welsh producer and Richard Burton's teacher, dies at 80
  • 1995 Walter Ernest Allen, writer/critic, dies at 83
  • 1996 Dan Duva, American boxing promoter and producer (Howard Stern New Years Party), dies at 44
  • 1996 Jerry Siegel, comic book writer (Superman), dies at 81
  • 1996 John Mosely, recording expert/entrepreneur, dies at 81
  • 1996 Joseph Brodsky, Russian-American poet and writer (Less than One, Nobel 1987), dies at 55
  • 1996 San Yu, Burmese General and the 5th President of Burma (1981-88), dies at 77
  • 1996 Victor "Toby" Neuberg, teacher/writer, dies at 71
  • 1997 Colin Welch, British political journalist and critic of Enid Blyton's Noddy series, dies at 72
  • 1997 Pietro Cavallero, bandit, dies at 68
  • 1997 Vivien Signy, nurse, dies at 80
  • 1998 Colin Sanders, British computer engineer (Solid State Logic), dies in a helicopter crash at 50
  • 1999 Markey Robinson, Irish painter (b. 1918)
  • 1999 Torgny T:son Segerstedt, Swedish sociologist and philosopher (b. 1908)
  • 2002 Astrid Lindgren, Swedish author (b. 1907)
  • 2004 Lloyd M. Bucher, U.S. Navy officer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 Don Cholito, Puerto Rican radio host (b. 1923)
  • 2006 Yitzchak Kaduri, rabbi (b. around 1900)
  • 2007 Father Robert Drinan, Roman Catholic Priest and American politician (b. 1920)
  • 2007 Emma Tillman, the world's oldest living person from January 24-28, 2007 (b. 1892)
  • 2008 Christodoulos, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (b. 1939)
  • 2008 Bengt Lindström, Swedish artist, dies at 82
  • 2014 Fernand Leduc, Canadian abstract expressionist painter (Les Automatistes), and teacher, dies of cancer at 97
  • 2019 Kim Bok-dong, Korean sex slave activist, dies at 92