On This Day

On This Day in History for January 29

Events in History

  • 661 Rashidun Caliphate, then the largest empire in history, ends with the death of its leader, Ali. Succeeded by the Umayyad Caliphate.
  • 904 Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed antipope Christopher
  • 1258 Mongols defeated by Dai Viet at the battle of Dong Bo Dau
  • 1523 Sermon of Constanz: Zwingli defends 67 Schlussreden
  • 1574 Sea battle of Reimerswaal - Admiral Boisot beats Spanish fleet
  • 1587 Deventer and Zutphen surrender to Spain

InventionScientific Discovery

1594 Mathematician John Napier dedicates his "Plaine Discovery of the Whole Revelation of St. John" to King James VI, predicts end of the world in 1688 or 1700

Mathematician John Napier
Mathematician
John Napier
King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1595 William Shakespeare's play "Romeo and Juliet" is thought to have been first performed. Officially published early 1597.

  • 1676 Feodor III succeeds his father and becomes Tsar of Russia
  • 1732 Paris churchyard of Saint-Medard closed after Jansenistic ritual

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1785 In a surprising announcement, John Hancock resigns as Governor of Massachusetts, allegedly due to his failing health

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • 1802 John Beckley of Virginia appointed first Librarian of Congress

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1802 First celebration of Burns night, in honor of poet Robert Burns's birthday by The Mother Club in Greenock (later realized his actual birthday 25th January)

  • 1814 War of the Sixth Coalition: Russia and Prussia are defeated by France in the Battle of Brienne
  • 1834 President Jackson orders first use of US troops to suppress a labor dispute

Treaty of InterestTreaty of Waitangi

1840 First Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi Captain William Hobson arrives in the Bay of Islands, NZ

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The Treaty of Waitangi, signed by the British Crown and various Māori chiefs
The Treaty of Waitangi, signed by the British Crown and various Māori chiefs
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Book releaseHistoric Publication

1845 Edgar Allan Poe's poem "Raven" 1st published (NYC)

  • 1848 Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament/freedom of press)

Agreement of InterestCompromise of 1850

1850 Senator Henry Clay drafts the Compromise of 1850 to defuse tensions between slave states and free states over territories won during the Mexican-American War

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Henry Clay's handwritten draft of one of the bills that formed the Compromise of 1850
Henry Clay's handwritten draft of one of the bills that formed the Compromise of 1850
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  • 1856 Victoria Cross established to acknowledge valour in the face of the enemy (United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries)
  • 1860 American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX
  • 1861 US state of Kansas admitted to the Union as the 34th state
  • 1863 Bear River Massacre: American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at the confluence of the Bear River and Beaver Creek in present day Idaho
  • 1872 Francis L Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina

BattleBattle of Interest

1879 Custer Battlefield National Monument established in Montana

InventionHistoric Invention

1886 Karl Benz patents the "Benz Patent-Motorwagen" in Karlsruhe, Germany, the world's 1st automobile with a burning motor

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • 1891 Liliuokalani is proclaimed Queen of Hawaii, its last monarch
  • 1892 The Coca-Cola Company is incorporated in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1895 King Koko's Kopermannen assault on Akassa Niger, 100's killed
  • 1896 Emile Grubbe is the first doctor to use radiation treatment for breast cancer
  • 1900 Boers under Joubert beat British at Spionkop Natal, 2,000 killed
  • 1903 Dutch railroad workers strike
  • 1904 1st athletic letters given (University of Chicago football team)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia, unsettled by the rising violence and protest, enacts reforms to improve the conditions of workers; these changes will do little to stop disorder throughout Russia in ensuing months

  • 1906 Coen de King skates a world record 32,370m in one hour
  • 1907 Charles Curtis becomes U.S. Senator from Kansas, first Native American to become a Senator

  • 1908 Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, at Cornell University, incorporates
  • 1912 Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts
  • 1913 Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, at Howard University, incorporates
  • 1916 1st bombing of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place
  • 1917 British submarine K13 sank in Gaire Loch, Scotland; 32 of her crew died
  • 1918 Ukrainian-Soviet War: Battle of Kruty
  • 1921 Hurricane hits Washington & Oregon
  • 1922 Union of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador dissolved
  • 1923 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)
  • 1924 Ice cream cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor, Cleveland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 British Liberal Party chooses David Lloyd George as leader

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • 1927 4th German government of Marx forms
  • 1929 Seeing Eye Guide Dog organization forms in USA
  • 1932 Test debut of Bill O'Reilly, vs South Africa at Adelaide
  • 1941 Alexandros Koryzis becomes Prime Minister of Greece
  • 1942 1st broadcast of Roy Plomley's "Desert Island Discs" on BBC radio
  • 1942 German & Italian troops occupy Benghazi, Libya
  • 1942 Peru and Ecuador sign Protocol of Rio (boundary determination)
  • 1943 New Zealand cruiser Kiwi collides with Japanese submarine I-1 at Guadalcanal
  • 1943 Sidney Kingsley's "Patriots" premieres in NYC
  • 1943 U.S. cruiser "Chicago" is heavily damaged by Japanese bombers on the first day of the Battle of Rennell Island
  • 1944 285 German bombers attack London
  • 1944 USS Missouri, the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy, is launched
  • 1944 World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.
  • 1944 World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1947 Arthur Miller's play "All My Sons" premieres in NYC

Playwright Arthur Miller
Playwright
Arthur Miller
  • 1948 Pakistan Socialist Party is founded
  • 1949 Great Britain, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand and Switzerland recognize Israel
  • 1951 Baseball signs 6 year All-Star pact for TV-radio rights for $6 million
  • 1956 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Der Besuch der Alten Dame" premieres in Zurich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Graham Greene's "Potting Shed" premieres in NYC

  • 1958 Murderer, Charles Starkweather, captured by police in Wyoming
  • 1959 Smog pollution with readings higher than the 1952 'Great Smog of London' hits London, with many suffering chest and lung-related illnesses
  • 1961 US female Figure Skating championship won by Laurence Owen
  • 1961 US male Figure Skating championship won by Bradley Lord
  • 1964 Unmanned Apollo 1 Saturn launcher test attains Earth orbit
  • 1966 Lawry & Simpson complete 244 opening stand v England, Adelaide
  • 1966 Snow storm in north east US kills 165
  • 1966 US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming
  • 1966 US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Allen
  • 1967 The Arusha Declaration written by Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere is issued, clarifying Tanzania's path towards Ujamaa (African socialism)
  • 1968 Nauru (formerly Pleasant Island) adopts constitution
  • 1969 Sheahan & Connolly hang on for exciting draw Australia v West Indies
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 Test debut of Dennis Keith Lillee, v England at Adelaide
  • 1972 5th ABA All-Star Game: East 142 beats West 115 at Louisville
  • 1974 Kuwait announces 60 percent government participation in BP-Gulf concession
  • 1975 West Indies win fifth test against India to win an exciting series 3-2
  • 1976 Zeiss planetarium in Hague destroyed by fire
  • 1976 Bombs set off in London's West End by the IRA; 1 person is injured
  • 1978 Sweden outlaws aerosol sprays due to their harmful effect on the ozone layer, becoming the first nation to enact such a ban.
  • 1979 Brenda Spencer kills 2, inspires Boomtown Rats "I Don't Like Mondays"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Chinese vice-premier Deng Xiaoping visits Washington, D.C.

Paramount Leader of China Deng Xiaoping
Paramount Leader of China
Deng Xiaoping
  • 1979 Emerson, Lake & Palmer disband after 10 years together

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 US President Jimmy Carter commuted Patricia Hearst's 7 year sentence to 2 years

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1980 6 Iranian-held US hostages escape with help of Canadians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 President Reagan formally announces he will seek a 2nd term

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Oxford University refuses to award Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher an honorary degree

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • 1986 193.8 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986 Yoweri Museveni sworn in as President of Uganda

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 William J. Casey term as 13th director of the CIA ends

CIA Director William J. Casey
CIA Director
William J. Casey
  • 1987 The president of the Philippines puts down a rebellion against their government in Manila
  • 1988 Canadian Ben Johnson breaks own 50-yard dash world record at 5.15
  • 1988 United Airlines Boeing 747SP, circles world in 36h54m15s

Birthdays in History


Person of interestFrederick Henry

1584 Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel (1625-47), born in Delft, Dutch Republic (d. 1647)

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1632 Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (d. 1703)
  • 1688 Emmanuel Swedenborg, Swedish religious leader (Angelic Wisdom)
  • 1689 Hubert K Poot, Dutch poet
  • 1700 Daniel Bernoulli, mathematician (10 time French award), born in Basel, Switzerland
  • 1717 Jeffrey Amherst, English gov-gen of America/fieldmarshal
  • 1718 Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor (d. 1794)

Person of interestThomas Paine

1737 Thomas Paine, English-American political essayist (Common Sense, Age of Reason), born in Thetford, England (d. 1809)

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine
Voice of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine
  • 1749 King Christian VII of Denmark (d. 1808)
  • 1754 Moses Cleaveland, founder of Cleveland (d. 1806)
  • 1756 Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee III, Congressman, Governor of Virginia and American General
  • 1761 Albert Gallatin, Swiss-American politician, Secretary of the Treasury (1801-14), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1849)
  • 1763 Johann Gottfried Seume, German writer (Spaziergang nach Syrakus), born in Poserna, Saxony-Anhalt, (d. 1810)
  • 1783 Vasili A Zjukovski, Russian folk poet/translator (Homerus) [NS=Feb 9]
  • 1798 Henry Neele, poet, born in London, England
  • 1803 James Outram, Bulterley Hall Derbyshire, general
  • 1810 Earnest E Kummer, German mathematician
  • 1821 Isaac Ferdinand Quinby, American General (Union Army), born in Morristown, New Jersey (d. 1891)
  • 1823 Franklin Gardner, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1836 Benjamin Franklin Potts, American lawyer, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Fox Township, Ohio (d. 1887)
  • 1836 James Meech Warner, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Middlebury, Vermont (d. 1897)

Person of interestWilliam McKinley

1843 William McKinley, 25th US President (Republican: 1897-1901), born in Niles, Ohio (d. 1901)

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
  • 1846 Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (d. 1915)
  • 1850 Ebenezer Howard, pioneer of garden cities, born in London, England
  • 1850 Lawrence Hargrave, inventor (box kite)
  • 1854 Willem PC Knuttel, Dutch bibliographer/librarian

Person of interestAnton Chekhov

1860 Anton Chekhov, Russian playwright (Cherry Orchard), born in Taganrog, Russia (d. 1904)

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov
  • 1866 Romain Rolland, French writer (Jean-Christophe) (Nobel 1915)
  • 1867 Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, Spanish writer (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse)
  • 1873 Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, Italian explorer/climber (Mt St Elias)

Person of interestJohn D. Rockefeller Jr

1874 John D. Rockefeller Jr, American financier and philanthropist, born in Cleveland, Ohio

Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr
Financier and Philanthropist
John D. Rockefeller Jr
  • 1877 Georges Catroux, French general (d. 1969)
  • 1895 Muna Lee, American poet (d. 1965)
  • 1898 Karl Bjarnhof, Danish blind journalist/writer (History of Sascha)
  • 1900 Willem F K Hussem, Dutch painter/poet (Coastline, Lookout on Sea)
  • 1901 Allen B DuMont, inventor (perfected commercial practical cathode ray tube)
  • 1903 Cornelis H Edelman, Dutch geologist
  • 1905 Barnett Newmann, New York, American painter, (postpainterly abstraction)
  • 1908 Adam Clayton Powell, (Rep-D-NY, 1945-70)
  • 1909 George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy, British politician (Speaker of the House of Commons), born in Port Talbot, Wales (d. 1997)
  • 1910 Paul Hodder-Williams, publisher
  • 1910 Colin Middleton, Irish artist (d. 1983)
  • 1911 George Burns, British major-general
  • 1911 Peter von Siemens, German industrialist (d. 1986)
  • 1912 Jacob "Jaap" Balk, journalist (AH, Onder de Keizerskroon)
  • 1913 Peter von Zahn, German journalist and writer (d. 2001)
  • 1915 Frederic Ramsey Jr, folklorist/author
  • 1915 Halfdan Rasmussen, Danish poet/WWII resistance fighter (Skoven)
  • 1916 Barbara Skelton, writer
  • 1919 Norman F Simpson, British playwright (One Way Pendulum)
  • 1920 Alec Coppen, psychiatrist
  • 1920 José Luis de Villalonga, Spanish aristocrat (d. 2007)
  • 1922 Gerda Steinhoff, Nazi concetration camp supervisor (d. 1946)
  • 1923 Paddy Chayevsky, [Sydney], American dramatist (Marty, Hospital) (d. 1981)
  • 1924 Brian Trubshaw, British test pilot, first to fly Concorde, born in Liverpool (d. 2001)
  • 1924 Lord John Gregson, British Labour politician and Baron, born in Manchester, England (d. 2009)
  • 1924 Marcelle Ferron, Quebec painter and stained glass artist (d. 2001)
  • 1924 Peter Voulkos, American artist (d. 2002)
  • 1926 Abdus Salam, theoretical physicist
  • 1927 Edward Abbey, American author (Desert Solitaire)
  • 1928 Marinus Peijnenburg, Dutch politician
  • 1929 Elio Petri, Italian director (Property is no theft)
  • 1933 A. C. Alston, bibliographer
  • 1933 Margaret Laird, Commissioner (Third Church Estates)
  • 1936 Patrick Caulfield, British painter and printmaker, born in London (d. 2005)
  • 1939 Germaine Greer, Australian feminist/author (Female Eunich), born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • 1939 O P Kolomitsev, cosmonaut
  • 1942 Arnaldo Tamayo-Mendez, Cuba, cosmonaut (Soyuz 38)
  • 1942 F R Hartley, Vice-Chancellor (Cranfield University)
  • 1942 Richard Needham, British MP
  • 1943 Charles Fitzgerald-Lombard, Abbot of Downside
  • 1944 Hans Plomp, Dutch writer/poet (Venus in Holland)
  • 1944 Yoweri Museveni, President of Uganda (1986-) and rebel leader, born in Ntungamo, Uganda
  • 1944 Patrick Lipton Robinson, Jamaican judge
  • 1945 James Nicholson, British MEP
  • 1945 Jim Nicholson, Irish politician
  • 1947 Israel Wetrin, managing director (Elonex)
  • 1947 Linda B. Buck, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1953 Hwang Woo-Suk, South Korean biomedical scientist
  • 1957 Grazyna Miller, Italian poet, translator, and journalist
  • 1962 Olga Tokarczuk, Polish writer (Primeval and Other Times), 2018 Nobel Prize for Literature, born in Sulechów, Poland
  • 1970 Paul Ryan, American politician (R-Wisconsin) & Speaker of the House (2015-2018), born in Janesville, Wisconsin
  • 1979 Christina Koch, American NASA astronaut (Soyuz MS-12), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • 1991 Hugh Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor, Son of the Duke of Westminster, born in Westminster, London

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

1839 English naturalist and "On the Origin of Species" author Charles Darwin (42) marries Emma Wedgwood (41)

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin

LoveWedding of Interest

1917 Sculptor Auguste Rodin (76) weds Rose Beuret

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Sculptor
Auguste Rodin

LoveWedding of Interest

1923 President of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (41) weds highly-educated woman Latife Hanim

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Deaths in History

  • 661 Death of Ali [Ali ibn Abu Talib], 4th Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate (656-61) and 1st Shia Imam (632-661), assassinated by Ibn Muljam a Kharijite at around 59
  • 969 Peter, tsar of Bulgaria (927-69), dies
  • 1240 Pelagio Galvani, Cardinal-Bishop of Albano (b. va. 1165)
  • 1342 Louis I, Duke of Bourbon (b. 1279)
  • 1559 Thomas Pope, English politician, benefactor, dies at about 52
  • 1601 Louise de Lorraine, Queen consort of France (1575-89), dies at 47
  • 1608 Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg, dies at 50
  • 1647 Francis Meres, English writer (b. 1565)
  • 1663 Robert Sanderson, Bishop of Lincoln (1660-63), dies
  • 1676 Tsar Alexis I of Russia [Aleksey Mikhaylovich], Tsar of Russia (1645-76), dies at 46
  • 1678 Jeronimo Lobo, Portuguese Jesuit missionary (b. 1593)
  • 1696 Ivan V, co-tsar of Russia (1682-89), dies at 29
  • 1706 Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet and courtier (b. 1638)
  • 1737 George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (b. 1666)
  • 1743 Andre Hercule Fleury, French cardinal (1726-43), dies
  • 1763 Louis Racine, French poet (La Religion), dies at 70
  • 1814 Johann G Fichte, German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre), dies at 51

Person of interestGeorge III

1820 King George III, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and King/Elector of Hanover (1760-1820), dies after years of mental illness at 81

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III
  • 1824 Louise of Stolberg-Gedern, Countess of Albany, dies at 71
  • 1829 Paul-François-Jean-Nicolas, French politician of the French Revolution, dies at 73
  • 1859 Seth Thomas, American manufacturer and pioneer in the mass production of clocks, dies at 73
  • 1859 William Cranch Bond, American astronomer (codiscovered Hyperion), dies at 69
  • 1870 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, dies at 72
  • 1871 Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer, dies at 84
  • 1879 Antonia MB Antonucci, Italian cardinal/diplomat, dies at 80
  • 1888 Edward Lear, poet/author, dies at 75
  • 1897 John E. Smith, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), dies at 80
  • 1899 Alfred Sisley, French impressionist painter, dies at 59
  • 1899 Robert J Fruin, Dutch historian (80-year war), dies at 75
  • 1906 Christian IX, King of Denmark (1893-1906), dies at 87
  • 1910 Édouard Rod, French-Swiss writer (Mishel' Tes'e), dies at 52
  • 1912 Hermann Bang, Danish writer, dies at 54
  • 1917 Evelyn Baring earl Cromer, English consul-general in Egypt, dies at 75

Person of interestDouglas Haig

1928 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WWI) nicknamed "Butcher Haig" due to mass casualties under his command during the Battle of the Somme, dies from a heart attack at 66

WWI General Douglas Haig
WWI General
Douglas Haig
  • 1933 Sara Teasdale, American poet (b. 1884)
  • 1934 Fritz Haber, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1918), dies at 65
  • 1941 Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general and dictator (1936-41), commits suicide at 69
  • 1942 Bion J. Arnold, American electrical engineer and inventor, dies at 80
  • 1944 William Allen White, American journalist (Emporia Gazette), dies at 75
  • 1946 Harry L Hopkins, US min of Business (Loan & Lease law), dies at 55
  • 1948 Tomislav II of Croatia, 4th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (b. 1900)
  • 1950 Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1885)
  • 1951 James Bridie, [Osborne Henry Mavor], dramatist, dies
  • 1955 Hans Hedtoft, 14th Prime Minister of Denmark (1947-50, 53-55), dies at 51

Person of interestH. L. Mencken

1956 H[enry] L[ouis] Mencken, US essayist/critic (Smart Set), dies at 75

Journalist and Critic H. L. Mencken
Journalist and Critic
H. L. Mencken

Person of interestRobert Frost

1963 Robert Frost, American poet (New Hampshire, 4 Pulitzers), dies at 88

  • 1966 Josef Winckler, German dentist and writer (Tolle Bomberg), dies at 84
  • 1970 B. H. Liddell Hart, English military historian and publicist (The Rommel Papers), dies at 74
  • 1984 Frances Goodrich, (Diary of Anne Frank), dies at 93 of lung cancer
  • 1988 James R. Killian Jr., 10th president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1948-59), dies at 83
  • 1991 Yasushi Inoue, Japanese historian, dies
  • 1993 Hank Werba, [Herman Werblowski], American journalist (Variety), dies at 79
  • 1995 Guy Clutton-Brock, English social worker (declared as national hero in Zimbabwe), dies at 88
  • 1995 Chris de Marigny, painter/designer, dies at 52
  • 1995 Raymond Joseph Cecil, British architect, dies at 69
  • 1996 Jack Sutherland, journalist, dies at 79
  • 1996 John Terence Reese, British bridge master, dies at 82
  • 1997 Eric Schneider, murderer of 2 teachers, executed in MO at 35
  • 1997 Louis Pauwels, French writer and editor, dies at 76
  • 1997 Osvaldo Soriano, writer, dies at 54
  • 1998 Joseph Alioto, mayor of San Francisco (b. 1916)
  • 2002 James Marjoribanks, British ambassador to the European Economic Community, dies at 90
  • 2003 Frank Moss, American politician (b. 1911)
  • 2004 M. M. Kaye, British writer (The Far Pavilions), dies at 95
  • 2004 Janet Frame, New Zealand novelist (Intensive Care, Owls Do Cry), dies at 79
  • 2007 Dia Abdul Zahra Kadim, Iraqi extremist leader (b. 1970)
  • 2008 Raymond Jacobs, American soldier (b. 1925)
  • 2009 Hélio Gracie, Brazilian martial artist (b. 1913)
  • 2009 Alfred Mabbs, British Archivist (Public Records Office), dies at 87
  • 2012 Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, Italian President (1992-99), dies at 93
  • 2012 Goody Petronelli, American boxing trainer and manager, dies at 88
  • 2013 Frank Hahn, British economist, dies at 87
  • 2014 Ashutosh Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader and founder of the Divine Light Awakening Mission, claims 30 million followers, dies at 68
  • 2015 Colleen McCullough, Australian author (Tim, Indecent Obsession, The Thorn Birds), dies at 77