On This Day in History for January 30

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 170

  • 1018 The Holy Roman Empire and Poland conclude the Peace of Bautzen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1077 Pope Gregory VII pardons German emperor Henry IV

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1349 Gunther of Schwarzburg chosen German anti-king
  • 1349 Jews of Freilsburg Germany are massacred
  • 1467 Battle at Velke Kostolany: Hung king Mátyás Corvinus beats Bratrici
  • 1487 Bell chimes invented
  • 1522 Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland
  • 1544 Adrian van Goes becomes land advocate of Holland
  • 1592 Ippolito Aldobrandini elected Pope Clement VIII
  • 1607 Massive flooding in England destroys around 200 square miles of coastline and results in approximately 2,000 casualties

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1647 Scots agree to sell King Charles I to English Parliament for £400

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1648 Spain & Netherlands sign Peace of Munster, ending the Thirty Years War


1661 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1667 Treaty/Truce of Andrusovo signed between Tsardom of Russia & Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • 1713 England & Netherlands sign 2nd anti-French boundary treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1774 Captain James Cook reaches 71°10' south, 1820km from south pole (record)

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • 1790 Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor
  • 1797 US Congress refuses to accept 1st petition from African American
  • 1798 Rep Matthew Lyon (Vt) spits in face of Rep Roger Griswold (Ct) in US House of Representatives, after an argument
  • 1800 US population: 5,308,483; African American population 1,002,037 (18.9%)
  • 1804 Scottish explorer Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River
  • 1806 Prussia takes possession of Hanover
  • 1806 The original Lower Trenton Toll Bridge, which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened. A later bridge opened in 1935 is also known as the Trenton Makes - the World Takes Bridge.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 Burned US Library of Congress re-established with Thomas Jefferson's 6,500 volumes

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1818 John Keats composes his sonnet "When I Have Fears"

Romantic Poet John Keats
Romantic Poet
John Keats
  • 1820 British explorer Edward Bransfield aboard Williams sights Trinity Peninsula, Antarctica, claiming it for Britain
  • 1826 The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales is opened.

MurderAssassination Attempt

1835 Richard Lawrence misfires at President Andrew Jackson in Washington, D.C. in 1st attempted assassination of a US President

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1841 A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • 1847 Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
  • 1854 1st election in Washington Territory; 1,682 votes cast
  • 1858 William Wells Brown published 1st Black drama, "Leap to Freedom"
  • 1862 USS Monitor, the US Navy's 1st ironclad warship launched

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 "Around the World in 80 Days" by Jules Verne is published in France by Pierre-Jules Hetzel

Novelist Jules Verne
Jules Verne
  • 1877 Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces
  • 1879 French President Patrice de Mac-Mahon resigns
  • 1883 England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test
  • 1888 Harry Moses 297 not out for NSW against Victoria
  • 1889 John Herschel uses camera obscura to photograph 48" (120cm) telescope
  • 1889 Victoria beat NSW after following on (NSW all out 63 needed 76)
  • 1889 Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.
  • 1892 Bobby Abel carries his bat for 132* for England in SCG Test
  • 1892 Capt Lugard occupies Uganda's King Mwanga's hide out
  • 1894 Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
  • 1894 US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Adm Benham
  • 1895 C J Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (v Vic)
  • 1895 SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed
  • 1895 Tasmania beat Victoria for 1st F-C victory in 41 years
  • 1902 Britain and Japan sign a treaty after months of negotiating which commits each country to supporting an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan's 'special interest' in Korea
  • 1911 1st rescue of an air passenger by a ship, near Havana, Cuba
  • 1911 The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy

  • 1913 UK House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill
  • 1915 German submarine attack on Le Havre
  • 1915 No 10 batsman F W Hyett scores century on debut, Vic v Tas
  • 1919 Reds hire Pat Moran as manager as Christy Mathewson, is still in France with US Army
  • 1921 French rapist-murderer Henri-Desire Landru sentenced to death
  • 1922 Ted McDonald takes 8-58 in big Victorian win over NSW
  • 1922 World Law Day 1st celebrated
  • 1924 Ponsford scores second 110 of the game in Vic win over NSW
  • 1925 Turkish government throws out Constantine VI of Constantinople
  • 1927 Left wins national election in Thuringen
  • 1928 1st radio telephone connection between Netherlands & US
  • 1928 Eugene O'Neill's "Strange Interlude" premieres in NYC
  • 1930 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Banya" premieres in Leningrad
  • 1930 The world's first radiosonde is launched in Pavlovsk, USSR.
  • 1932 Grimmett 7-116 in South Africa 1st innings at Adelaide Oval

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 President Paul von Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as Reich Chancellor of Germany who forms a government with Franz von Papen

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1933 Grimmett takes 7-86 for SA in Qld 2nd inn, 13-135 for match
  • 1934 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by US government, NYC
  • 1934 Hitler proclamation on German unified states

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1935 Ezra Pound meets Benito Mussolini, reads from a draft of "Cantos"

  • 1936 Victoria need 442 to win against NSW, but lose, all out for 415 They pick "The Bees" it doesn't catch on & is scrapped by 1940 season

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 2nd of Stalin's purge trials; Pyatakov & 16 others sentenced to death

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1939 Hitler threatens the Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag (Parliament)
  • 1939 Heavy after shocks destroy some of Chile
  • 1940 Benjamin Britten's "Lesson Illuminations" premieres in London
  • 1940 Cor Jongert wins 6th Dutch 11 Cities Skating Race
  • 1940 Hassett's second 122 of the game for Vic can't stop a NSW win
  • 1941 Australian troops conquer Derna, Libya
  • 1942 Japanese troops land on Ambon
  • 1943 6 British Mosquitos bomb Berlin in daylight
  • 1943 German assault on French in Tunisia
  • 1943 German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth
  • 1943 Hitler promotes Friedrich von Paul to Field Marshal
  • 1943 Illegal opposition newspaper Loyal begins publishing
  • 1943 USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean
  • 1944 World War II: United States troops land on Majuro, Marshall Islands
  • 1944 The Battle of Cisterna begins in central Italy
  • 1945 "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
  • 1945 American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied POWs from Japanese at Cabanatuan
  • 1946 1st issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime


1948 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1951 Belgium refuses to allow communists to make speeches on radio
  • 1952 Lehmer verifies: 2^521-1 & 2^607-1 (183 ciphers) Mersenne-prime #
  • 1952 Korean War truce talks deadlock
  • 1954 Belgium ends trade agreement with USSR
  • 1954 Fanfani government of Italy resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Martin Luther King Jr.s home bombed

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 US Congress accepts "Eisenhower-doctrine"

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1958 1st 2-way moving sidewalk in service, Dallas Tx

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 102

  • 133 Marcus Severus Didius Julianus, Roman Emperor (d. 193)
  • 1615 Thomas Rolfe, American colonial settler and only child of Pocahontas and John Rolfe (d. 1675)
  • 1616 William Sancroft, Archbishop (Canterbury)
  • 1624 Arnold Geulincx, South Netherland, philosopher (About Virtue)
  • 1628 George Villiers, 2nd duke of Buckingham England, born in London (d. 1687)
  • 1661 Charles Rollin, French historian (d. 1741)
  • 1687 [Johann] Balthasar Neumann, German architect, baptized
  • 1708 Georg D Ehret, German/English cartoonist
  • 1720 Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist and entomologist (d. 1778)
  • 1754 John Lansing, Jr., American statesman (d. 1829)
  • 1775 Walter Savage Landor, Warwick, critic/writer (Imaginary Conversation)
  • 1781 Adelbert von Chamisso, French writer (Peter Schlemihl), born in Champagne (d. 1838)
  • 1797 Edwin Vose Sumner, American Major General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1863)
  • 1814 Jean-Baptist Capronnier, French/Belgian glass painter
  • 1816 Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, American politician, Major General (Union Army), born in Waltham, Massachusetts (d. 1894)
  • 1822 John Basil Turchin [Ivan Vasyliovych Turchin], Russian-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Don Host Oblast, Russian Empire (d. 1901)
  • 1822 Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist (d. 1899)
  • 1829 Alfred Cummings, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1910)
  • 1832 Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier (d. 1897)
  • 1834 Lord Avebury, [John Lubbock], British banker/politician
  • 1835 Oliver Edwards, American inventor and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1904)
  • 1841 Alfred Townsend George, Civil War journalist, (d. 1914)
  • 1841 Félix Faure, 6th President of the French Third Republic (d. 1899)
  • 1844 Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing, German gen/gov-gen of Belgium (1914-17)
  • 1846 Francis H Bradley, British philosopher (neo-idealism)
  • 1865 Samuel Pl'h Naber, Dutch rear-admiral/librarian
  • 1866 Gelett Burgess, author (Purple Cow)
  • 1873 Georges Ricard-Cordingley, painter (d. 1939)
  • 1878 Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (d. 1940)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1882 Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President (Democrat: 1933-1945), born in Hyde Park, New York (d. 1945)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1885 John Henry Towers, aviator/naval hero
  • 1889 Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist (d. 1937)
  • 1892 Grigore Gafencu, Roman minister of Foreign affairs (1938-39)
  • 1894 Boris III, Tsar of Bulgaria (1918-43)
  • 1894 Marcel Canneel, Flemish painter (Reuzenstoet)
  • 1899 Max Theiler, South African and American virologist who developed vaccine for Yellow Fever (Nobel Prize 1951), born in Pretoria (d. 1972)
  • 1900 Sandy Powell, Rotherham England, costume designer (Rob Roy)
  • 1901 Earl of Huntingdon, mural painter
  • 1901 Hans Erich Nossak, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1977)
  • 1902 Nikolaus Pevsner, Engl, art historian (The Buildings of England)
  • 1903 G Evelyn Hutchinson, British zoologist (Treatise on Limnology)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1905 Emilio G. Segrè, Italian physicist and Nobel laureate (discovered the elements technetium, astatine and the sub-atomic antiparticle antiproton), born in Tivoli, Italy (d. 1989)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Emilio G. Segrè
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Emilio G. Segrè
  • 1909 Saul David Alinsky, radical writer (John L Lewis), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1910 Frans Dohmen, union leader (Dutch Catholic Mineworker's Union)
  • 1910 C Subramaniam, Indian politician (d. 2000)
  • 1911 Alexander George Ogston, biochemist
  • 1912 Barbara Tuchman, American historian/author (Pulitzer, Guns of August)
  • 1912 Francis Schaeffer, American Evangelical theologian and pastor (d. 1984)
  • 1913 Percy Thrower, English radio host
  • 1914 Louis Osman, artist architect goldsmith medallist/craftsman
  • 1915 John D Profumo, England, politician (C)
  • 1915 Joachim Peiper, German SS officer (d. 1976, by assassination)
  • 1918 Jarl Andre Bjerke, [Bernhard Borge], Norwegian poet/writer
  • 1919 Nikolay Glazkov, Russian poet (d. 1979)
  • 1920 Patrick Heron, British abstract painter, born in Leeds, South Yorkshire (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Carwood Lipton, American WWII veteran (d. 2001)
  • 1924 Margaret Beda Nicholson, author (No Medals for the Major)
  • 1924 Lloyd Alexander, American writer (d. 2007)
  • 1924 Margaret Yorke [Margaret Beda Nicholson], Compton, Surrey, author (Patrick Grant novels), (d. 2012)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1925 Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist (computer mouse, Engelbart's Law), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 2013)

Computer Scientist Douglas Engelbart
Computer Scientist
Douglas Engelbart
  • 1927 Olof Palme, PM of Sweden (1969-76, 1982-86) assassinated, born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1929 Lucille Teasdale-Corti, Canadian surgeon and international aid worker (d. 1996)
  • 1930 Magnus Adem Malan, South African minister of Defense (1980- )
  • 1930 Samuel J. Byck, American attempted assassin of Richard Nixon (d. 1974)
  • 1931 Jack Bowman, Chief Constable (Tayside)
  • 1931 Shirley Hazzard, Australian-born author (Transit of Venus), born in Sydney (d. 2016)
  • 1931 Stewart B McKinney, (Rep-R-CT, 1971- )
  • 1931 John Crosbie, Canadian politician
  • 1931 Allan W. Eckert, American historian, naturalist, and author
  • 1932 Kazuo Inamori, Japanese business executive (Kyocera Ceramics Co)
  • 1933 Bob Muddimer, CEO (Ranks Hovis McDougall)
  • 1933 Louis Rukeyser, financial whiz (Wall Street Week)
  • 1935 Richard Brautigan, novelist/poet (Trout Fishing in America), born in Tacoma, Washington
  • 1935 John George Hughes, British academic and 9th bishop of Kensington (1987-1994), born in England (d. 1994)
  • 1935 Martin Taylor, former vice-chairman, Hanson
  • 1936 F. Vernon Boozer, American politician
  • 1937 Boris Spassky, USSR, world chess champion (1969-72)
  • 1938 Marcel P. A. van Dam, Dutch politician/CEO (VARA Radio/TV)
  • 1938 Islam Karimov, President of Uzbekistan (1991-2016), born in Samarkand (d. 2016)
  • 1939 Eleanor Smeal, feminist/pres (NOW)
  • 1939 Frank R Wolf, (Rep-R-VA, 1981- )

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1941 Dick Cheney, American politician (Vice President: 2001-2009), born in Lincoln, Nebraska

46th Vice President of the United States Dick Cheney
46th Vice President of the United States
Dick Cheney
  • 1941 Gregory Benford, American author and scientist
  • 1942 Christopher Howes, Crown Estate Second Commissioner
  • 1944 John Thornton, English chocolate factory/multi-millionaire
  • 1945 Michael Dorris, writer
  • 1946 Lord Mackay of Drumadoon, British QC
  • 1947 Les Barker, English poet
  • 1948 Paul Magee, Provisional Irish Republican Army member
  • 1949 William King, Alabama, soul trumpeteer (Commodores-Easy)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1949 Peter Agre, American biologist and Nobel laureate, born in Northfield, Minnesota

Molecular biologist Peter Agre
Molecular biologist
Peter Agre
  • 1953 Fred Hembeck, Yaphank, New York, American cartoonist
  • 1955 Judith Tarr, American sci-fi author (Isle of Glass, Ars Magica)
  • 1958 Brett Butler, comedienne (Grace-Grace Under Fire), born in Montgomery, Alabama
  • 1962 Abdullah II of Jordan, King of Jordan (1999-present), born in Amman, Jordan
  • 1962 Mary Kay Letourneau, American convicted statutory rapist
  • 1968 Felipe de Borbon, Prince of Asturias, heir to Spanish throne
  • 1969 Carolyn Kepcher, American businesswoman and reality TV show star
  • 1974 Jemima Khan, English socialite
  • 1979 Diva Zappa, daughter of Frank

Weddings in History

  • 1853 Emperor and French President Napoleon III marries Eugenie de Montijo, Countess of Teba
  • 1929 Mitford sister Diana Mitford (18) marries Irish peer Bryan Walter Guinness (23) in the British society wedding of the year

HeartWedding of Interest

1934 Painter Salvador Dali (30) weds Gala Dali (39) in a civil ceremony in Paris

Painter Salvador Dali
Salvador Dali

Deaths in History

  • 1030 William V, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 969)
  • 1156 Herman van Horn, bishop of Utrecht (1151/52-56), dies
  • 1181 Emperor Takakura of Japan (b. 1161)
  • 1384 Louis II, Count of Flanders, dies at 53
  • 1393 Aimery Poitiers, French nobleman, burned at royal ball
  • 1393 Yvain, son of earl of Foix, burned at royal ball
  • 1574 Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (b. 1502)
  • 1584 Jonker Wigbold van Ewsum, mister of Nienoord, dies in battle
  • 1584 Pieter Jansz Pourbus, Flemish painter, dies
  • 1606 Everard Digby, English conspirator (b. 1578)
  • 1644 William Chillingworth, English religious leader, dies at 41


1649 Charles I, King of Great Britain (1625-49), beheaded for treason by Parliament at 48

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1730 Peter II Alekseyevitch, tsar of Russia (1727-30), dies at 14
  • 1816 Reinier Vinkeles, Dutch engraver/cartoonist/art collector, dies at 74

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1836 Betsy Ross [Elizabeth Griscom], American seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag, dies at 84

Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy Ross
Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag
Betsy Ross
  • 1838 Osceola, chief of Seminole indians, dies in jail
  • 1847 Virginia Clemm Poe, American wife of writer Edgar Allan Poe, dies of tuberculosis at 24
  • 1858 Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (b. 1778)
  • 1867 Emperor Kōmei of Japan (b. 1831)
  • 1869 William Carleton, Irish novelist (b. 1794)
  • 1888 Asa Gray, US botanist (Flora of North America), dies at 77
  • 1889 Crown Prince Rudolph of Austria (b. 1858)
  • 1900 Vittorio Bersezio, [Carlo Nugelli], Italian playwright, dies at 71
  • 1909 Martha Finley, American children's book author (Elsie Dinsmore series), dies at 80
  • 1919 Sam Steele, Canadian soldier, dies from influenza at 71
  • 1925 John F Mellaerts, Flemish social founder (Boerenbond), dies at 79
  • 1928 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan/Boer war/WWI), dies at 66
  • 1928 Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Danish scientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1867)
  • 1934 Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (b. 1862)
  • 1945 Gottlieb J Haberlandt, Hungarian/German botanist, dies at 90
  • 1947 Frederick F Blackman, English botanist, dies at 80


1948 Mahatma Gandhi, India's political and spiritual leader, assassinated in New Delhi by Hindu extremists at 78

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1948 Orville Wright, US aviation pioneer, dies at 76

  • 1951 Ferdinand Porsche, German automotive engineer (Volkswagen Beetle, Mercedes-Benz SS) and founder of the Porsche car company, dies at 75
  • 1953 Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 68
  • 1956 Gerrit Mannoury, mathematician/philosopher, dies at 88
  • 1957 Grigore Gafencu, Romanian min of Foreign Affairs (1938-39), dies at 65
  • 1958 Earnest H Heinkel, German airplane builder (WWII), dies at 70
  • 1958 Jean Crotti, Swiss artist (b. 1878)
  • 1962 Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian physician (b. 1894)
  • 1964 Berthold Altaner, German church historian, dies at 80
  • 1968 Tsugouharu T Foujita, Japanese/French painter, dies at 81
  • 1969 Dominique G Pire, clergyman, (Europe village Nobel 1958), dies at 58
  • 1976 Jesse "Lone Cat" Fuller, San Francisco Blues Great, dies at 80
  • 1982 Félix L V L J Labisse, French painter (libidoscaphes), dies at 76
  • 1983 [Dallas] Mack/McCord Reynolds, sci-fi author (Earth War), dies at 65
  • 1988 Cornelia D "Corry" Spark, Dutch cabaret performer, dies at 85

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1991 John Bardeen, American physicist, electrical engineer and co-inventor of the transistor (Nobel 1956, 1972), dies of heart disease at 82

Physicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
John Bardeen
  • 1991 Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (b. 1907)
  • 1993 Taikichiro Mori, Japanese real estate developer, dies at 88
  • 1994 Bahjat Talhouni, PM of Jordan (1960-62, 64-65, 67-69, 69-70), dies
  • 1994 Jan L N Schaefer, Dutch undersecretary of Housing (PvdA), dies at 53
  • 1995 Gerald M Durrell, British zoologist/author (Mockery Bird), dies at 70
  • 1998 Ricky Sanderson, stabbed 16-year old girl in NC, executed at 38
  • 2001 Johnnie Johnson, British fighter pilot (b. 1915)
  • 2001 Joseph Ransohoff, the father of modern neurosurgery (b. 1915)
  • 2002 Ingeborg "Inge" Morath, Austrian born Magnum photographer and wife of Arthur Miller
  • 2006 Coretta Scott King, American activist and wife of Martin Luther King Jr., dies of ovarian cancer at 78
  • 2008 Marcial Maciel, Mexican religious leader (b. 1920)
  • 2012 Mary Grierson, Welsh botanical artist, dies at 99

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2015 Carl Djerassi, Austrian-born American chemist, father of the contraceptive pill, dies at 91

Chemist Carl Djerassi
Carl Djerassi