On This Day

On This Day in History for January 30

Events in History

  • 1018 The Holy Roman Empire and Poland conclude the Peace of Bautzen
  • 1349 Gunther of Schwarzburg chosen German anti-king
  • 1349 Jews of Freilsburg Germany are massacred
  • 1467 Battle at Velke Kostolany: Hung king Mátyás Corvinus beats Bratrici
  • 1487 Bell chimes invented
  • 1522 Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland
  • 1544 Adrian van Goes becomes land advocate of Holland
  • 1592 Ippolito Aldobrandini elected Pope Clement VIII
  • 1607 Massive flooding in England destroys around 200 square miles of coastline and results in approximately 2,000 casualties

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1647 After nine months of negotiations, Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English Parliament for around £100,000

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1648 Spain & Netherlands sign Peace of Munster, ending the Thirty Years' War


1661 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1667 Treaty/Truce of Andrusovo signed between Tsardom of Russia & Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • 1713 England & Netherlands sign 2nd anti-French boundary treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1774 Captain James Cook reaches 71°10' south, 1820km from south pole (record)

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • 1790 Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1791 Comte de Mirabeau is elected President of the French National Assembly

Revolutionary and Politician Comte de Mirabeau
Revolutionary and Politician
Comte de Mirabeau
  • 1797 US Congress refuses to accept 1st petition from African American
  • 1798 Rep Matthew Lyon (Vt) spits in face of Rep Roger Griswold (Ct) in US House of Representatives, after an argument
  • 1800 US population: 5,308,483; African American population 1,002,037 (18.9%)
  • 1804 Scottish explorer Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River
  • 1806 Prussia takes possession of Hanover
  • 1806 The original Lower Trenton Toll Bridge, which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened. A later bridge opened in 1935 is also known as the Trenton Makes - the World Takes Bridge.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 Burned US Library of Congress re-established with Thomas Jefferson's 6,500 volumes

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1818 John Keats composes his sonnet "When I Have Fears"

Romantic Poet John Keats
Romantic Poet
John Keats
  • 1820 British explorer Edward Bransfield aboard Williams sights Trinity Peninsula, Antarctica, claiming it for Britain
  • 1826 The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales is opened.

MurderAssassination Attempt

1835 Richard Lawrence misfires at President Andrew Jackson in Washington, D.C. in 1st attempted assassination of a US President

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1841 A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • 1847 Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
  • 1854 1st election in Washington Territory; 1,682 votes cast
  • 1858 William Wells Brown published 1st Black drama, "Leap to Freedom"
  • 1862 USS Monitor, the US Navy's 1st ironclad warship launched

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1873 "Around the World in 80 Days" by Jules Verne is published in France by Pierre-Jules Hetzel

Novelist Jules Verne
Jules Verne
  • 1877 Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces
  • 1879 French President Patrice de Mac-Mahon resigns
  • 1883 England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test
  • 1888 Harry Moses 297 not out for NSW against Victoria
  • 1889 John Herschel uses camera obscura to photograph 48" (120cm) telescope
  • 1889 Victoria beat NSW after following on (NSW all out 63 needed 76)

Lovesick Prince in Suicide PactLovesick Prince in Suicide Pact

1889 Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling in an apparent suicide pact

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The Crown Prince, Archduke Rudolph and Baroness Marie Vetsera
The Crown Prince, Archduke Rudolph and Baroness Marie Vetsera
Read Article
  • 1892 Bobby Abel carries his bat for 132* for England in SCG Test
  • 1892 Capt Lugard occupies Uganda's King Mwanga's hide out
  • 1894 Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
  • 1894 US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Adm Benham
  • 1895 C J Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (v Vic)
  • 1895 SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed
  • 1895 Tasmania beat Victoria for 1st F-C victory in 41 years
  • 1902 Britain and Japan sign a treaty after months of negotiating which commits each country to supporting an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan's 'special interest' in Korea
  • 1911 1st rescue of an air passenger by a ship, near Havana, Cuba
  • 1911 The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy
  • 1913 UK House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill
  • 1915 German submarine attack on Le Havre
  • 1915 No 10 batsman F W Hyett scores century on debut, Vic v Tas
  • 1921 French rapist-murderer Henri-Desire Landru sentenced to death
  • 1922 Ted McDonald takes 8-58 in big Victorian win over NSW
  • 1922 World Law Day 1st celebrated
  • 1924 Ponsford scores second 110 of the game in Vic win over NSW
  • 1925 Turkish government throws out Constantine VI of Constantinople
  • 1927 Left wins national election in Thuringen
  • 1928 1st radio telephone connection between Netherlands & US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Eugene O'Neill's "Strange Interlude" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
  • 1930 Russia launches their 1st radiosonde - a battery-powered telemetry instrument carried into the atmosphere to measure various parameters and transmit them by radio to a ground receiver- from Pavlovsk, USSR.
  • 1932 Grimmett 7-116 in South Africa 1st innings at Adelaide Oval

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 President Paul von Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as Reich Chancellor of Germany who forms a government with Franz von Papen

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
Diplomat and Chancellor Franz von Papen
Diplomat and Chancellor
Franz von Papen
  • 1933 Grimmett takes 7-86 for SA in Qld 2nd inn, 13-135 for match

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 After Paul von Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of Germany, his former WWI colleague General Erich Ludendorff sends a letter to him stating "this accursed man will cast our Reich into the abyss and bring our nation to inconceivable misery"

German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1934 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by US government, NYC
  • 1934 Hitler proclamation on German unified states

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1935 Ezra Pound meets Benito Mussolini, reads from a draft of "Cantos"

  • 1939 Adolf Hitler threatens Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag (Parliament)
  • 1939 Heavy aftershocks destroy some of Chile
  • 1940 Cor Jongert wins 6th Dutch 11 Cities Skating Race
  • 1940 Hassett's second 122 of the game for Vic can't stop a NSW win
  • 1941 Australian troops conquer Derna, Libya
  • 1942 Japanese troops land on Ambon
  • 1943 6 British Mosquitos bomb Berlin in daylight
  • 1943 German assault on French in Tunisia
  • 1943 German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth

Battle of InterestNazi General Friedrich Paulus Surrenders

1943 Adolf Hitler promotes Friedrich Paulus, commander of the 6th Army, to Field Marshal in the hope that he will not surrender

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German field marshal Friedrich Paulus, the highest-ranking German officer to surrender during World War II
German field marshal Friedrich Paulus, the highest-ranking German officer to surrender during World War II
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  • 1943 Illegal opposition newspaper Loyal begins publishing
  • 1943 USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean
  • 1944 World War II: United States troops land on Majuro, Marshall Islands
  • 1944 The Battle of Cisterna begins in central Italy
  • 1945 "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
  • 1945 American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied POWs from Japanese at Cabanatuan
  • 1946 1st issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime


1948 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1951 Belgium refuses to allow communists to make speeches on radio
  • 1952 Lehmer verifies: 2^521-1 & 2^607-1 (183 ciphers) Mersenne-prime #
  • 1952 Korean War truce talks deadlock
  • 1954 Belgium ends trade agreement with USSR
  • 1954 Fanfani government of Italy resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Martin Luther King Jr.s home bombed

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 US Congress accepts "Eisenhower-doctrine"

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1958 1st 2-way moving sidewalk in service, Dallas Tx
  • 1958 Dore Schary's "Sunrise at Campobello" premieres in NYC
  • 1958 UK House of Lords passes bill allowing women to take seats
  • 1959 Australia 1-200 1st day 4th Test v England, Adelaide Oval
  • 1959 MS Hans Hedtoft sinks, 95 die

Birthdays in History

Person of interestLivia

58 BC Livia Drusilla [Julia Augusta], Wife and adviser of Roman Emperor Augustus and mother of Emperor Tiberius, probably born in Rome (d. 29)

Roman Empress Livia
Roman Empress
  • 133 Didius Julianus [Marcus Severus Didius Julianus], Roman Emperor, born in Milan, Italy (d. 193)
  • 1615 Thomas Rolfe, American colonial settler and only child of Pocahontas and John Rolfe, born in Varina Farms, Virginia (d. 1675)
  • 1617 William Sancroft, 79th Archbishop of Canterbury, born in Fressingfield, Suffolk, England (d. 1693)
  • 1624 Arnold Geulincx, Flemish philosopher (About Virtue), born in Antwerp (d. 1669)
  • 1628 George Villiers, 2nd duke of Buckingham, English statesman and poet, born in London (d. 1687)
  • 1661 Charles Rollin, French historian, born in Paris (d. 1741)
  • 1687 [Johann] Balthasar Neumann, German architect, baptized
  • 1708 Georg Dionysius Ehret, German-English botanist & cartoonist, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1770)
  • 1720 Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist & entomologist, born in Finspång, Sweden (d. 1778)
  • 1754 John Lansing Jr., American lawyer & statesman, born in Albany, New York (d. 1829)
  • 1771 George Bass, English explorer of Australia (Bass Strait), born in Sleaford, England (d? 1803)
  • 1775 Walter Savage Landor, English poet & writer (Imaginary Conversations), born in Warwick, England (d. 1864)
  • 1781 Adelbert von Chamisso, French writer (Peter Schlemihl), born in Champagne (d. 1838)
  • 1797 Edwin Vose Sumner, American Major General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1863)
  • 1814 Jean-Baptist Capronnier, French-Belgian glass painter, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1891)
  • 1816 Nathaniel Prentiss Banks, American politician, Major General (Union Army), born in Waltham, Massachusetts (d. 1894)
  • 1822 John Basil Turchin [Ivan Vasyliovych Turchin], Russian-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Don Host Oblast, Russian Empire (d. 1901)
  • 1822 Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1899)
  • 1829 Alfred Cummings, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1910)
  • 1832 Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier, born in Royal Palace of Madrid, Spain (d. 1897)
  • 1835 Oliver Edwards, American inventor & Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1904)
  • 1841 Alfred Townsend George, American Civil War journalist, born in Georgetown, Delaware (d. 1914)
  • 1841 Félix Faure, 6th President of the French Third Republic (1895-99), born in Paris (d. 1899)
  • 1844 Moritz von Bissing, German gov-gen of Belgium (1914-17), born in Ober Bellmannsdorf, Prussia (d. 1917)
  • 1846 Francis H. Bradley, British idealist philosopher (Appearance and Reality), born in Clapham, Surrey, England (d. 1924)
  • 1865 Samuel Pierre l'Honoré Naber, Dutch rear-admiral and librarian, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1936)
  • 1873 Georges Ricard-Cordingley, French painter, born in Lyon, France (d. 1939)
  • 1878 Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (Truth and Justice), born in Vetepere, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire (d. 1940)

Person of interestFranklin D. Roosevelt

1882 Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President (Democrat: 1933-1945), born in Hyde Park, New York (d. 1945)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1885 John Henry Towers, American naval aviator, born in Rome, Georgia (d. 1955)
  • 1889 Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist, born in Varanasi, India (d. 1937)
  • 1892 Grigore Gafencu, Romanian Minister of Foreign affairs (1938-39), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1957)
  • 1894 Boris III, Tsar of Bulgaria (1918-43), born in Sofia, Bulgaria (d. 1943)
  • 1894 Marcel Canneel, Flemish painter (Reuzenstoet) (d. 1953)
  • 1899 Max Theiler, South African-American virologist who developed vaccine for Yellow Fever (Nobel Prize 1951), born in Pretoria (d. 1972)
  • 1901 Hans Erich Nossak, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1977)
  • 1902 Nikolaus Pevsner, German-British art historian (The Buildings of England), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1983)
  • 1903 G. Evelyn Hutchinson, British zoologist (Treatise on Limnology), born in Cambridge, United Kingdom (d. 1991)

Person of interestEmilio G. Segrè

1905 Emilio G. Segrè, Italian physicist & Nobel laureate (discovered the elements technetium, astatine and the sub-atomic antiparticle antiproton), born in Tivoli, Italy (d. 1989)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Emilio G. Segrè
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Emilio G. Segrè
  • 1909 Saul David Alinsky, American radical writer (John L Lewis), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1972)
  • 1910 Chidambaram Subramaniam, Indian politician, born in Pollachi taluk (d. 2000)
  • 1911 Sir Alexander Ogston, British surgeon (discovered Staphylococcus), born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1929)
  • 1912 Barbara Tuchman, American historian & author (Pulitzer, Guns of August), born in New York (d. 1989)
  • 1912 Francis Schaeffer, American Evangelical theologian and pastor, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1984)
  • 1913 Percy Thrower, English radio host, born in England, United Kingdom (d. 1988)
  • 1913 Amrita Sher-Gil, Hungarian-Indian painter described as the “Indian Frida Kahlo" and "one of the greatest avant-garde women artists of the early 20th century", born in Budapest, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1941)
  • 1914 Louis Osman, British artist, goldsmith, architect, and craftsman, born in Exeter, Devon, England (d. 1996)
  • 1915 John Profumo, British cabinet minister (Profumo scandal), born in London, England (d. 2006)
  • 1915 Joachim Peiper, German SS officer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1976)
  • 1918 Jarl Andre Bjerke [Bernhard Borge], Norwegian poet & writer, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1985)
  • 1919 Nikolay Glazkov, Russian poet, born in Lyskovo, Russia (d. 1979)
  • 1920 Patrick Heron, British abstract painter, born in Leeds, South Yorkshire (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Carwood Lipton, American WWII veteran, born in Huntingon, West Virginia (d. 2001)
  • 1924 Lloyd Alexander, American writer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • 1924 Margaret Yorke [Margaret Beda Nicholson], English author (Patrick Grant novels, No Medals for the Major), born in Compton, Surrey, England (d. 2012)

Person of interestDouglas Engelbart

1925 Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist (computer mouse, Engelbart's Law), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 2013)

Computer Scientist Douglas Engelbart
Computer Scientist
Douglas Engelbart
  • 1926 Vasili Arkhipov, Soviet Russian Navy submarine officer credited with successfully arguing against a Soviet nuclear strike during the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis, born in Staraya Kupavna, Russia (d. 1998)
  • 1927 Olof Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden (1969-76, 1982-86) assassinated, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1986)
  • 1929 Lucille Teasdale-Corti, Canadian surgeon & international aid worker, born in Montreal, Canada (d. 1996)
  • 1930 Samuel J. Byck, American attempted assassin of Richard Nixon, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1974)
  • 1930 Frank O'Bannon, American politician (Governor of Indiana , 1997-2003), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 2003)
  • 1931 Shirley Hazzard, Australian-born author (Transit of Venus), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 2016)
  • 1931 Stewart McKinney, American politician (Rep-R-CT, 1971- ), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1987)
  • 1931 John Crosbie, Canadian politician, born in St. John's, Canada (d. 2020)
  • 1931 Allan W. Eckert, American historian, naturalist, and author, born in Buffalo, New York
  • 1932 Kazuo Inamori, Japanese business executive (Kyocera Ceramics Co), born in Yakushi, Japan
  • 1933 Louis Rukeyser, American financial journalist (Wall Street Week), born in New York (d. 2006)
  • 1935 Richard Brautigan, American novelist & poet (Trout Fishing in America), born in Tacoma, Washington
  • 1935 John George Hughes, British academic & 9th bishop of Kensington (1987-1994), born in England (d. 1994)
  • 1936 F. Vernon Boozer, American politician, born in Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1938 Marcel van Dam, Dutch politician/CEO (VARA Radio/TV)
  • 1938 Islam Karimov, President of Uzbekistan (1991-2016), born in Samarkand (d. 2016)
  • 1939 Frank Wolf, American politician (Rep-R-VA, 1981- ), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Person of interestDick Cheney

1941 Dick Cheney, American politician (Vice President: 2001-2009), born in Lincoln, Nebraska

46th Vice President of the United States Dick Cheney
46th Vice President of the United States
Dick Cheney
  • 1941 Gregory Benford, American author & scientist, born in Mobile, Alabama
  • 1945 Michael Dorris, American novelist & scholar, born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1997)
  • 1946 Lord Mackay of Drumadoon, British QC, born in Edinburgh, United Kingdom
  • 1947 Les Barker, English poet, born in Manchester, United Kingdom
  • 1948 Paul Magee, Provisional IRA member, born in Belfast, Ireland
  • 1948 Akira Yoshino, Japanese chemist (lithium-ion battery), 2019 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, born in Suita, Japan

Person of interestPeter Agre

1949 Peter Agre, American biologist & Nobel laureate, born in Northfield, Minnesota

Molecular biologist Peter Agre
Molecular biologist
Peter Agre
  • 1953 Fred Hembeck, American cartoonist, born in Yaphank, New York
  • 1955 Judith Tarr, American sci-fi author (Isle of Glass, Ars Magica), born in Augusta, Maine
  • 1962 Abdullah II of Jordan, King of Jordan (1999-present), born in Amman, Jordan
  • 1962 Mary Kay Letourneau, American convicted statutory rapist, born in Tustin, California

Person of interestFelipe VI

1968 Felipe VI [Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y de Grecia], King of Spain (2014-), born in Madrid, Spain

King of Spain Felipe VI
King of Spain
Felipe VI
  • 1969 Carolyn Kepcher, American businesswoman & reality TV show star (The Apprentice), born in Westchester County, New York
  • 1974 Jemima Khan, English socialite, previously married to Imran Khan, born in London, United Kingdom
  • 2005 Prince Hashem bin Abdullah II, Jordanian royal, born in Amman, Jordan

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1853 Emperor and French President Napoleon III marries Eugenie de Montijo, Countess of Teba

Emperor of France Napoleon III
Emperor of France
Napoleon III
  • 1929 Mitford sister Diana Mitford (18) marries Irish peer Bryan Walter Guinness (23) in the British society wedding of the year

LoveWedding of Interest

1934 Painter Salvador Dali (30) weds Gala Dali (39) in a civil ceremony in Paris

Painter Salvador Dali
Salvador Dali

Deaths in History

  • 1030 William V, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 969)
  • 1156 Herman van Horn, bishop of Utrecht (1151/52-56), dies
  • 1181 Emperor Takakura of Japan (b. 1161)
  • 1384 Louis II, Count of Flanders, dies at 53
  • 1393 Aimery Poitiers, French nobleman, burned at royal ball
  • 1393 Yvain, son of earl of Foix, burned at royal ball
  • 1574 Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (b. 1502)
  • 1584 Jonker Wigbold van Ewsum, mister of Nienoord, dies in battle
  • 1584 Pieter Jansz Pourbus, Flemish painter, dies
  • 1606 Everard Digby, English conspirator (b. 1578)
  • 1644 William Chillingworth, English religious leader, dies at 41

BattleCharles I

1649 Charles I, King of Great Britain (1625-49), beheaded for treason by Parliament at 48

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1703 Kiva Yoshinaka, Japanese retainer for the Shogun, murdered in the revenge of the 47 rōnin
  • 1716 Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien, queen of Poland (1676-96), dies at 74
  • 1730 Peter II Alexeyevich, Tsar of Russia (1727-30), dies at 14
  • 1816 Reinier Vinkeles, Dutch engraver and art collector, dies at 74

Person of interestBetsy Ross

1836 Betsy Ross [Elizabeth Griscom], American seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag, dies at 84

Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy Ross
Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag
Betsy Ross
  • 1838 Osceola, chief of Seminole indians, dies in jail
  • 1847 Virginia Clemm Poe, American wife of writer Edgar Allan Poe, dies of tuberculosis at 24 [1]
  • 1858 Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (b. 1778)
  • 1867 Emperor Kōmei of Japan (b. 1831)
  • 1869 William Carleton, Irish novelist (b. 1794)
  • 1888 Asa Gray, American botanist (Flora of North America), dies at 77

Person of interestRudolf, Crown Prince of Austria

1889 Rudolf Franz Karl Joseph, Crown Prince of Austria and heir apparent to the Imperial throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, dies at 30 in a suicide pact with his mistress, Mary Freiin von Vetsera, at the Mayerling hunting lodge

  • 1900 Vittorio Bersezio [Carlo Nugelli], Italian playwright, dies at 71
  • 1909 Martha Finley, American children's book author (Elsie Dinsmore series), dies at 80
  • 1919 Sam Steele, Canadian soldier, dies from influenza at 71
  • 1925 John F Mellaerts, Flemish social founder (Boerenbond), dies at 79
  • 1928 Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Danish scientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1867)
  • 1934 Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (b. 1862)
  • 1945 Gottlieb Haberlandt, Austrian botanist, dies at 90
  • 1947 Frederick F Blackman, English botanist, dies at 80

MurderMahatma Gandhi

1948 Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Indian independence activist and spiritual leader, assassinated in New Delhi by Hindu extremists at 78

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1951 Ferdinand Porsche, German automotive engineer (Volkswagen Beetle, Mercedes-Benz SS) and founder of the Porsche car company, dies at 75
  • 1953 Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 68
  • 1956 Gerrit Mannoury, Dutch mathematician and philosopher, dies at 88
  • 1957 Grigore Gafencu, Romanian minister of Foreign Affairs (1938-39), dies at 65
  • 1958 Earnest H Heinkel, German airplane builder (WWII), dies at 70
  • 1958 Jean Crotti, Swiss-French artist, dies at 79
  • 1961 Maud Wagner, first known American tattoo artist and circus performer, dies at about 83
  • 1962 Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian physician (b. 1894)
  • 1964 Berthold Altaner, German church historian, dies at 80
  • 1968 Tsugouharu Foujita, Japanese-French painter and printmaker, dies at 81
  • 1969 Dominique G Pire, clergyman, (Europe village Nobel 1958), dies at 58
  • 1982 Félix Labisse, French painter (libidoscaphes), dies at 76
  • 1983 Mack Reynolds, American sci-fi author (Earth War), dies at 65
  • 1983 Alan Cunningham, British general and last High Commissioner of Palestine (1945-48), dies at 95
  • 1988 Corry [Cornelia Diderika] Vonk, Dutch cabaret performer, dies at 85

Person of interestJohn Bardeen

1991 John Bardeen, American physicist, electrical engineer and co-inventor of the transistor (Nobel 1956, 1972), dies of heart disease at 82

Physicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
John Bardeen
  • 1991 Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (b. 1907)
  • 1993 Taikichiro Mori, Japanese real estate developer, dies at 88
  • 1994 Bahjat Talhouni, Prime Minister of Jordan (1960-62, 64-65, 67-69, 69-70), dies
  • 1994 Jan L N Schaefer, Dutch undersecretary of Housing (PvdA), dies at 53
  • 1995 Gerald M Durrell, British zoologist/author (Mockery Bird), dies at 70
  • 1997 Frank Tejeda, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas), dies at 51
  • 1998 Ricky Sanderson, stabbed 16-year old girl in NC, executed at 38
  • 2001 Johnnie Johnson, British fighter pilot (b. 1915)
  • 2001 Joseph Ransohoff, American neurosurgeon and pioneer in the modern neurosurgery, dies at 85
  • 2002 Ingeborg "Inge" Morath, Austrian born Magnum photographer and wife of Arthur Miller
  • 2006 Coretta Scott King, American activist and wife of Martin Luther King Jr., dies of ovarian cancer at 78
  • 2006 Wendy Wasserstein, American playwright (The Heidi Chronicles), dies of cancer at 55
  • 2008 Marcial Maciel, Mexican religious leader (b. 1920)
  • 2009 Hans Beck, German inventor, "The Father of Playmobil", dies at 79
  • 2012 Mary Grierson, Welsh botanical artist, dies at 99

Person of interestCarl Djerassi

2015 Carl Djerassi, Austrian-born American chemist and father of the contraceptive pill, dies at 91

Chemist Carl Djerassi
Carl Djerassi
  • 2019 Bernard Nevill, British textile designer, dies at 88