On This Day

On This Day in History for January 5

Events in History

  • 1349 Margaretha of Bavaria names her son Willem V Earl of Holland and Zealand
  • 1438 Pope Eugenius IV deallocated council of Basel to Ferrara
  • 1463 French poet Francois Villon banished from Paris
  • 1477 Battle of Nancy, Burgundy vs Switzerland, 7,000 + killed including their leader Charles Duke of Burgundy

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1500 Duke Ludovico Sforza's troops reconquer Milan

Duke of Milan Ludovico Sforza
Duke of Milan
Ludovico Sforza
  • 1527 Felix Manz, a leader of the Anabaptist congregation in Zürich, is executed by drowning. (b. 1498)
  • 1554 Great fire in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • 1593 William Louis of Nassau becomes governor/viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1638 Petition in Recife Brazil leads to closing of their 2 synagogues
  • 1675 Battle at Turkheim (Colmar): French army beats Brandenburg

Historic CommunicationGreat Frost of 1709

1709 The Great Frost begins during the night, a sudden cold snap that remains Europe's coldest ever winter. Thousands are killed across the continent and crops fail in France.

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Le lagon gelé en 1709, painted by Gabriele Bella, showing part of a lagoon which froze in Venice in 1709
Le lagon gelé en 1709, painted by Gabriele Bella, showing part of a lagoon which froze in Venice in 1709
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  • 1717 Prussian King Frederik Willem I buys conscript for nobles
  • 1719 Britain, Hannover, Saxony-Poland and Austria sign anti-Prussian Russian pact
  • 1757 Failed assassination attempt on French King Louis XV by Damiens
  • 1776 Assembly of New Hampshire adopts its 1st state constitution

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1781 British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia

US General and Turncoat Benedict Arnold
US General and Turncoat
Benedict Arnold
  • 1800 1st Swedenborgian temple in US holds 1st service in Baltimore
  • 1804 Ohio legislature passes 1st laws restricting free blacks movement
  • 1809 Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain & France
  • 1822 Central America proclaims annexation to Mexican Empire
  • 1828 1st edition of Amsterdam General Trade Journal (Algemeen Handelsblad)
  • 1834 Kiowa Indians record this as the night the stars fell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 Davy Crockett arrives in Nacogdoches, Texas, to aid the revolution

Frontiersman/Soldier Davy Crockett
Davy Crockett
  • 1840 Records show 95,820 licensed public houses in England on this date
  • 1841 James Clark Ross (UK) is 1st to enter pack ice near Ross Ice Shelf
  • 1846 The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom
  • 1850 California Exchange opens
  • 1854 Steamship San Francisco wrecked off US eastern seaboard, 300 die
  • 1861 250 Federal troops are sent from New York to Ft Sumter
  • 1861 Alabama troops seize Forts Morgan & Gaines at Mobile Bay
  • 1875 President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Mississippi

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1886 "Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" by Robert Louis Stevenson published by Longmans, Green & Co.

  • 1887 1st US school of librarianship opens at Columbia University
  • 1888 Dutch Heidemaatschappij (land reclamation) established
  • 1892 1st successful auroral photograph made
  • 1895 Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 French Captain Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, publicly stripped of his rank; later exonerated

Jewish Artillery Officer Alfred Dreyfus
Jewish Artillery Officer
Alfred Dreyfus

InventionScientific Discovery

1896 "Die Presse" newspaper (Germany) publicly announces Wilhelm Röntgen's discovery of X-rays and their potential for new methods of medical diagnoses in a front-page article

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • 1900 Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule
  • 1903 SF-Hawaii telegraph cable opens for public use
  • 1904 -34°F (-36.7°C), River Vale, New Jersey (state record)
  • 1904 -42°F (-41.1°C), Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record)
  • 1904 England beat Australia at the MCG, Rhodes 7-56 & 8-68
  • 1905 Charles Perrine announces discovery of Jupiter's 7th satellite, Elara
  • 1905 National Association of Audubon Society, a non-profit, environmental organization dedicated to conservation, incorporates
  • 1909 Colombia recognizes Panama's independence
  • 1911 San Francisco has its first air meet
  • 1912 1st National Hockey Association game (Victoria)
  • 1912 The Prague Party Conference takes place.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Industrialist Henry Ford announces his $5 minimum per-day wage, doubled most workers pay from $2.40/9-hr day to $5.00/8-hr day

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1916 Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro
  • 1918 British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace
  • 1919 German Workers' Party forms, precursor to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi)
  • 1919 Left-wing Spartacus organization instigates a revolt in Berlin; terrified by the spread of Bolshevism, German troops brutally suppress the uprising
  • 1925 James Gleason & Richard Tabers "Is zat so?" premieres in NYC
  • 1925 Nellie Taylor Ross became governor of Wyoming, 1st woman governor in USA
  • 1925 Under Polish control, Danzig establishes Port Gdańsk post office
  • 1929 Coup by King Alexander in South Slavia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Mao Zedong writes "A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire"

Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1930 Bonnie Parker meets Clyde Barrow for the first time at Clarence Clay's house

American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker
Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow
  • 1933 Work on Golden Gate Bridge begins, starting on the Marin County side
  • 1934 Fenway Park catches fire for 2nd time (May 8th 1926 also)
  • 1937 Only unicameral state legislature in US opens 1st session in Nebraska
  • 1940 FCC hears 1st transmission of FM radio with clear, static-free signal
  • 1940 Finnish offensive at Suomossalmi against Russia
  • 1941 British Australian troops conquer Bardia, Libya
  • 1942 55 German tanks reach North-Africa
  • 1943 Teams agrees to start season later due to WW II
  • 1943 William H Hastie, civilian aide to secretary of war, resigns to protest segregation in armed forces
  • 1944 The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • 1945 Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam
  • 1949 General Spoor orders cease-fire on Sumatra

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 US President Harry Truman labels his administration the "Fair Deal"

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1950 Carson McCuller's "Member of the Wedding" premieres in NYC
  • 1952 Flying Enterprise sinks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill makes an official visit to the US

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1953 -6] Passenger ships Willem Ruys & Orange collide in the Red Sea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Samuel Beckett's "En Attendant Godot" premieres in Paris

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 US President Eisenhower asks Congress to send troops to the Middle East

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1959 "Bozo the Clown" live children's show premieres on TV

BeatificationPapal Visit

1964 Pope Paul VI visits Jordan & Israel

Pope Paul VI
Paul VI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Dr Benjamin Spock indicted for conspiring to violate draft law

Pediatrician Benjamin Spock
Benjamin Spock

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Alexander Dubček succeeds Antonín Novotný as communist party leader of Czechoslovakia

Leader of Czechoslovakia Alexander Dubček
Leader of Czechoslovakia
Alexander Dubček
  • 1969 Bollingen prize for poetry presented to John Berryman & Karl Shapiro
  • 1969 Neville Williams' "Chronology of the Expanding World" completed
  • 1969 USSR Venera 5 launched for 1st successful planet landing (Venus)
  • 1970 23,000 Belgian mine workers strike
  • 1971 1st one-day international, Australia v England at the MCG
  • 1972 Largest crowd at Cleveland Arena (Cavs vs Lakers-11,178)
  • 1972 NYC transit fare rises from 30 cents to 35 cents
  • 1972 US President Nixon signs a bill for NASA to begin research on a manned space shuttle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 President of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman freed by the newly elected President of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Founding Father of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Founding Father of Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  • 1973 Mali & Niger break diplomatic relations with Israel
  • 1973 Netherlands recognizes German DR
  • 1974 An earthquake in Lima, Peru, kills six people, and damages hundreds of houses
  • 1975 Salyut 4 with crew of 2 is launched for 30 days
  • 1975 14 die when British freighter "Lake Illawarra" rams pylon bridge between Derwent & Hobart, Tasmania & ship sinks
  • 1976 "MacNeil-Lehrer Report" premieres on PBS
  • 1976 Cambodia is renamed "Democratic Kampuchea"
  • 1976 In retaliation for the Reavey and O'Dowd killings, the South Armagh Republican Action Force shoot dead 10 Protestant civilians after stopping their minibus in County Armagh

Birthdays in History

  • 1209 Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, born in Winchester Castle (d. 1272)
  • 1548 Francisco Suarez, Spanish theologian, born in Granada, Spain (d. 1617)
  • 1587 Xu Xiake, Chinese geographer, born in Jiangsu, China (d. 1641)
  • 1592 Shah Jahan, 5th Mughal Emperor of India (1628-58) who built the Taj Mahal for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, born in Lahore, Mughal Empire (d. 1666)
  • 1614 Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1662)
  • 1666 Guru Gobind Singh, Tenth Guru of Sikhism, founder and General of Khalsa Army, social reformist and poet, born in Patna Sahib (d. 1708)
  • 1696 Giuseppe Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect & painter, born in Parma, Italy (d. 1757)
  • 1717 William Wildman Shute Barrington, British statesman, born in Becket, Massachusetts (d. 1793)
  • 1729 Paulus Constantijn la Fargue, Dutch cartoonist & painter, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1782)
  • 1759 Jacques Cathelineau, French royalist & army leader, born in Le Pin-en-Mauges, France (d. 1793)
  • 1762 Constanze Mozart, wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, born in Zell im Wiesental, Germany (d. 1842)
  • 1769 Jean Baptiste Say, French economist (Political Economics), born in Lyon, France (d. 1832)
  • 1773 Pieter Fontijn, Dutch painter & drawer, born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1839)
  • 1779 Stephen Decatur, American naval hero (War of 1812), born in Sinepuxent, Maryland (d. 1820)
  • 1779 Zebulon Pike, American brigadier general and explorer (Pike's Peak), born in Lamington, New Jersey (d. 1813)
  • 1806 André Henri Constant van Hasselt, Belgian poet (La Belgium), born in Maastricht, Meuse-Inférieure (d. 1874)
  • 1811 Cyrus Hamlin, American educator/missionary (est Robert College, Turkey), born in Waterford, Maine (d. 1900)
  • 1813 Thomas Neville Waul, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Sumter County, South Carolina (d. 1903)
  • 1822 Joseph Brevard Kershaw, Major General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1894)
  • 1828 August Valentine Kautz, German-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Baden, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1829 Sir Roger Tichborne, missing U.K. heir who was the subject of the longest criminal trial in British history (d. c.1854)
  • 1834 William John Wills, English explorer of Australia, member of the Burke and Wills expedition, born in Totnes, United Kingdom (d. 1861)
  • 1835 Hendrik van Rijgersma, Dutch naturalist & physician, born in Lemmer, Netherlands (d. 1877)
  • 1837 Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet & writer [or Apr 5], born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1909)
  • 1838 Camille Jordan, French mathematician, born in Lyon, France (d. 1922)
  • 1840 John Doby Kennedy, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1896)
  • 1846 Rudolf Christoph Eucken, German idealist philosopher (Nobel 1908), born in Aurich, Germany (d. 1926)
  • 1848 Khristo Botev, Bulgarian poet & nationalist revolutionary, born in Kalofer, Bulgaria (d. 1876)
  • 1848 Same Steele, Canadian soldier, born in Purbrook, Canada West (d. 1919)
  • 1850 Theodoor Verstraete, Flemish painter & etcher, born in Ghent, Belgium

Person of interestKing C. Gillette

1855 King C. Gillette, American businessman and inventor of inexpensive and disposable safety razor blades, born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin (d. 1932)

Businessman and Inventor King C. Gillette
Businessman and Inventor
King C. Gillette
  • 1858 Gustaf af Geijerstam, Swedish author (Boken om Lillebror), born in Hed socken (d. 1909)
  • 1859 DeWitt Bristol Brace, inventor (spectrophotometer), born in Wilson, New York (d. 1905)
  • 1865 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer, born in Bogotá, Colombia (d. 1920)

Person of interestJoseph Erlanger

1874 Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist (shock therapy-Nobel 1944), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1965)

Physiologist Joseph Erlanger
Joseph Erlanger

Person of interestKonrad Adenauer

1876 Konrad Adenauer, chancellor of Germany (BRD, 1949), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1967)

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1879 Hans Eppinger, Austrian physician, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1946)
  • 1882 Herbert Bayard Swope, U.S. journalist who coined the term "Cold War", born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1958)
  • 1885 Humbert Wolfe, Italian-born British poet, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1940)
  • 1893 Zoltán Böszörmény, Hungarian Nazi politician, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. unknown)
  • 1893 Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru (Autobiography of a Yogi), born in Gorakhpur, India (d. 1952)
  • 1895 Jeannette Piccard, American high-altitude balloonist & Episcopal priest, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1981)
  • 1896 Hendrik Algra, Dutch teacher, journalist, historian, and politician (ARP), born in Hurdegaryp, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • 1900 Paula Ludwig, Austrian-German poet, born in Vorarlberg, Austria (d. 1974)
  • 1900 Yves Tanguy, French surrealist painter, born in Paris, France (d. 1955)
  • 1901 Henri Honoré d'Estienne d'Orves, French officer/resistance fighter, born in Verrières-le-Buisson, France (d. 1941)
  • 1901 Mario Scelba, Italian politician (Prime Minister 1954-55), born in Caltagirone, Italy (d. 1991)
  • 1902 Dorothea "Stella" Gibbons, English author (Cold Comfort Farm), born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1989)
  • 1903 Harold Gatty, Australian aviator, navigator with Wiley Post, born in Campbell Town, Australia (d. 1957)
  • 1904 Jeane Dixon, American astrologer "A Gift of Prophecy", born in Medford, Wisconsin (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Kathleen Kenyon, 1st person to place date on remains of Jericho, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1978)
  • 1907 Anton Ingolic, Slavic author (After Splavih, After Prelomu), born in Spodnja Polskava, Slovenia (d. 1992)
  • 1907 Willi Soukop, sculptor and member of Royal Academy of Arts, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Simon Harcourt Nowell-Smith, bibliophile
  • 1909 Stephen Cole Kleene, American mathematician (Regular Expressions), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Frank Pace Jr., US Secretary of Army (1950-53), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 1988)
  • 1914 Nicolas de Staël, French-Russian painter, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1955)
  • 1915 Mabel Leigh, British potter (Shorter and Son), born in Coatesville, Indiana (d. 1971)
  • 1915 Arthur H. Robinson, Canadian-born cartographer, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2004)
  • 1917 Francis L. Kellogg, U.S. diplomat and prominent socialite, born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1921 Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, born in Berg Castle, Luxembourg
  • 1921 Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Swiss playwright and novelist (The Physicists, The Visit), born in Konolfingen, Switzerland (d. 1990)
  • 1922 Admiral Sir Anthony Synnot, Chief of the Australian Defence Force, born in Corowa, Australia (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Robert L. Bernstein, American publisher (Random House), born in NYC, New York
  • 1924 Dr Gilbert Bogle, Australian scientist who died in the Bogle-Chandler case (1963)
  • 1926 Hosea Williams, American activist, born in Attapulgus, Georgia (d. 2000)
  • 1926 William De Witt Snodgrass, American poet, born in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania (d. 2009)
  • 1926 Joshua Benjamin Jeyaretnam, Singaporean opposition leader and former Secretary-General of Singapore's Worker's Party, born in Jaffna, British Ceylon (d. 2008)

Person of interestWalter Mondale

1928 Walter Mondale, American politician (US Senator from Minnesota (D), 1964-76 ; 42nd Vice President, 1977-81), born in Ceylon, Minnesota (d. 2021)

42nd Vice President of the United States Walter Mondale
42nd Vice President of the United States
Walter Mondale
  • 1928 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, 4th President and 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan, born in Ratodero Taluka, Pakistan (d. 1979)
  • 1928 Qian Qichen, Chinese diplomat and vice premier, born in Tianjin (d. 2017)
  • 1930 Edward Galven Givens Jr., Major USAF/astronaut, born in Quanah, Texas (d. 1967)
  • 1931 Joan Coxsedge, Australian politician, born in Ballarat, Australia
  • 1932 Umberto Eco, Italian philosopher & author (Name of the Rose), born in Alessandria, Piedmont (d. 2016)
  • 1935 Nancy L. Johnson, American politician (Rep-R-CT, 1983- ), born in Chicago, Illinois

Person of interestJuan Carlos I

1938 Juan Carlos I [Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias], King of Spain (1975-2014), born in Rome, Italy

King of Spain Juan Carlos I
King of Spain
Juan Carlos I
  • 1938 Leo Avery, Abbot of Quarr Abbey, born in Wakefield, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • 1938 Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, Kenyan writer, born in Kamirithu
  • 1939 Peter Struycken, Dutch artist, born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1940 Yuri Ershov, Russian mathematician, born in Novosibirsk, Russia
  • 1940 Michael Rose, British army officer, born in British India
  • 1942 Terenci Moix, Spanish writer, born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2003)
  • 1947 Mike DeWine, American politician, senator-R-Ohio (1995-2007), Governor of Ohio (2019-), born in Springfield, Ohio
  • 1948 Thom Mooney, American rocker (Nazz), born in Altoona, Pennsylvania
  • 1950 Ioan Petru Culianu, Romanian historian, born in Iași, Romania (d. 1991)
  • 1950 John Manley, Canadian politician, born in Ottawa, Canada
  • 1950 Charlie Richmond, Canadian entrepreneur, born in Pomona, California
  • 1953 Mike Rann, Australian politician, born in Sidcup, United Kingdom
  • 1953 George Tenet, American CIA director, born in NYC, New York
  • 1956 Chen Kenichi [Ken'ichi Azuma], Japanese celebrity chef, "The Szechuan Sage" (Iron Chef Chinese), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1960 Steve Jones, British aviator (Red Bull Air Race World Series)
  • 1978 Sabrina Harman, American military figure and accused torturer, born in Lorton, Virginia
  • 1980 Bennie Joppru, National Football League tight end, born in Dickinson, North Dakota
  • 1982 Janica Kostelić, Croatian skier, born in Zagreb, Croatia
  • 1984 Amanda Hearst, American heiress, born in NYC, New York

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1531 Pope Clemens VII forbids English King Henry VIII to remarry

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

LoveWedding of Interest

1808 Explorer William Clark (37) weds Julia Hancock in Fincastle, Virginia

Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
William Clark

LoveWedding of Interest

1911 British PM Neville Chamberlain (41) weds Anne de Vere Cole

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
  • 2002 Former Atomic Kitten member Kerry Katona (21) weds "Westlife" member Brian McFadden (21) at the Church of the Immaculate Conception in Rathfeigh, County Meath, Republic of Ireland

Deaths in History

  • 842 Al-Mu'tasim, Abbasid caliph (b. 794)

Person of interestEdward the Confessor

1066 Edward the Confessor, last King of England from the House of Wessex (1042-66), dies at 60-63

King of England Edward the Confessor
King of England
Edward the Confessor
  • 1286 Zhenjin, Crown Prince of the Mongol Empire, son of Kublai Khan and father of his successor Temür, dies at about 43
  • 1387 Pedro IV, king of Aragon/conqueror of Sicily, dies at 67
  • 1400 John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English politician (executed) (b. ca. 1350)
  • 1425 John of Bavaria/Bayern, liege of Holland/Zealand/Dordrecht, poisoned
  • 1448 Christopher of Bavaria, King of Denmark (1440-48), Norway (1441-48) and Sweden (1442-48), dies suddenly at 31
  • 1465 Charles, Duke of Orléans, French poet (b. 1394)
  • 1477 Charles, the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, dies at the Battle of Nancy at 43
  • 1524 Marko Marulic/Marulus/Splichanin/Pechinich, Croatian poet, dies at 73

Person of interestCatherine de' Medici

1589 Catherine de' Medici, Italian born Queen consort to Henry II of France and later regent to her sons, dies at 69

Queen Consort and Regent of France Catherine de' Medici
Queen Consort and Regent of France
Catherine de' Medici
  • 1592 Willem II, Duke of Gulik/Kleef/Gelre, dies at about 75
  • 1595 Ercole Procaccini, Italian painter, dies
  • 1603 Pieter Adriaansz van der Werff, mayor of Lead, dies at 73
  • 1684 Claude Audran II, French painter/engraver, dies at 44
  • 1713 Jean Chardin, French explorer (Middle East and India), dies at 69
  • 1759 Thomas Philip Wallrad de Hénin-Liétard d'Alsace, Cardinal- Archbishop of Mechelen, Belgium, dies at 79

Person of interestElizabeth of Russia

1762 Elizabeth of Russia [Elizaveta Petrovna], tsarina of Russia (1741-62), dies at 52

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • 1771 John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (b. 1710)
  • 1796 Samuel Huntington, American politician and signer of the Declaration of Independence, dies at 64
  • 1807 Michel Adanson, French biologist (Plant classes), dies at 79
  • 1823 Major George Johnston, Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales (b. 1764)
  • 1827 Frederick of York, English duke/bishop/general, dies at 63
  • 1846 Alfred Thomas Agate, American artist, dies at 33
  • 1856 Pierre J David [David d'Angers], French sculptor, dies at 67
  • 1858 Joseph Radetzky von Radetz, Czech field marshal, dies at 91
  • 1860 St John Nepomucene Neumann, 1st male US saint, dies
  • 1878 Alfonso Ferrero la Marmora, Italian general and statesman (6th Prime Minister of Italy, 1864-66), dies at 73
  • 1880 Benjamin J. Hill, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 54
  • 1883 Charles Tompson, first Australian published poet (b. 1806)
  • 1891 Guillaume L Baud, Dutch minister of Colonies (1848-49), dies at 89
  • 1904 Karl Alfred Ritter von Zittel, German geologist and paleontologist (Libya), dies at 64
  • 1906 Kathleen Kenyon, English Archaeologist who excavated Jericho (the oldest known continuously occupied human settlement that has been inhabited for the last 11,000 years), dies at 72

Person of interestErnest Shackleton

1922 Ernest Shackleton, British-Irish polar explorer (Endurance, Antarctica), dies of a heart attack at 47

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • 1929 Nicholas Nikolaevich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia and general in World War I (1914-18), dies at 72

Person of interestCalvin Coolidge

1933 Calvin Coolidge, 30th President (1923-29), dies in Mass at 60

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • 1933 Arthur Borton, English soldier and recipient of the Victoria Cross, dies at 49
  • 1937 Marie Booth, child of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1864)

Person of interestAmelia Earhart

1939 Amelia Earhart, American aviator (1st woman to fly solo across the Atlantic), is declared dead at 41 after disappearing over the Pacific Ocean in 1937

  • 1940 Tina Modotti, Italian artist and activist, dies at 45
  • 1940 Humbert Wolfe, Italian-British poet (b. 1885)

Person of interestAmy Johnson

1941 Amy Johnson, British pilot who was the first female pilot to fly alone from Britain to Australia, dies during a ferry flight at 37

Aviator Amy Johnson
Amy Johnson
  • 1942 Yves Paringaux, French chief of staff, murdered

Person of interestGeorge Washington Carver

1943 George Washington Carver, African-American agricultural scientist (studied the peanut), dies at 81

Agricultural Scientist and Inventor George Washington Carver
Agricultural Scientist and Inventor
George Washington Carver
  • 1944 Adolph Goldschmidt, German/Swiss art historian, dies at 80
  • 1948 Mary Dimmick Harrison, 1st lady (1889-1893) as second wife of the 23rd United States president Benjamin Harrison, dies at 89
  • 1951 Andrei P Platonov, Russian author (Prok, Kotlovan), dies at 51
  • 1952 Victor Alexander John Hope, viceroy of India (1936-43), dies at 64
  • 1960 Pavel P Parenago, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 53
  • 1965 Paul Arntzenius, Dutch painter, graphic artist and etcher, dies at 81
  • 1969 Franz Theodor Csokor, Austrian author (Gottes General), dies at 83
  • 1970 Joseph A Yablonski, candidate for United Mine Workers pres, murdered
  • 1970 Max Born, German physicist (quantum mechanics, Nobel 1954), dies at 87
  • 1970 Cyril Fagan, Irish astrologer (b. 1896)
  • 1971 Columbus O'Donnell Iselin, American oceanographer, dies at 66
  • 1972 Gerald Kelly, British painter, dies at 92
  • 1973 Cor of Dis sr. [Cornelis Nicolas of Dis sr.], Dutch politician (SGP), dies at 79
  • 1976 John A. Costello, 3rd Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland, dies at 84
  • 1981 Harold Urey, American physical chemist (Deuterium, Nobel 1934), dies at 87
  • 1981 Paul Félix, Flemish architect (Song of the Sun), dies at 67
  • 1981 Lanza del Vasto, Italian philosopher (b. 1901)
  • 1982 Edmund Herring, Australian military commander, Lieutenant Governor of Victoria (b. 1892)
  • 1987 Margaret Laurence, Canadian author (The Stone Angel), dies at 60
  • 1990 Bart LaRue, entertainer, dies
  • 1991 Vasko Popa, Yugoslavia-Serbian poet (Heaven is a Side Issue), dies at 68
  • 1993 Henk Knol, Suriname MP (PvdA), dies at 61
  • 1993 Juan Benet Goitia, Spanish writer (Herrumbrosas Lanzas), dies at 65
  • 1993 Klaas Wiersma, Dutch sec of Justice (VVD), dies
  • 1993 Nyamuisi Muvingi, Zaire minister of Culture, murdered
  • 1993 Westley A Dodd, US murderer, 1st hanging in US since 1965
  • 1993 Anthony Wakefield Cox, English architect, dies at 77
  • 1994 Louis R J Ridder van Rappard, Dutch mayor of Zoelen, dies at 87
  • 1994 Tip O'Neill, American politician and 47th speaker of the house (D-Ma: 1977-86), dies of cancer at 81
  • 1995 Mansour Sattari, Iranian Brigadier General and commandant (Iran Air Force), dies at 46
  • 1995 Somerset de Chair, British writer, politician and poet, dies at 83
  • 1996 Yahya Ayyash, Palestinian militant and chief bombmaker for Hamas, assassinated by booby trapped cell phone at 29
  • 1996 Jay Morris Arena, inventor/pediatrician, dies at 86
  • 1996 Lincoln Kirstein, American writer and impresario, dies at 88
  • 1997 Andre Franquin, cartoonist, dies at 72
  • 2003 Roy Jenkins, British politician (b. 1920)
  • 2003 Jean Kerr, Irish-American novelist (Please Don't Eat the Daisies), dies at 80
  • 2006 Lord Merlyn-Rees, British politician (b. 1920)

Person of interestMomofuku Ando

2007 Momofuku Ando, Taiwanese-Japanese inventor of instant noodles and cup noodles, dies of heart failure at 96

Inventor of Instant Noodles Momofuku Ando
Inventor of Instant Noodles
Momofuku Ando
  • 2007 Chih Ree Sun, Chinese-American physicist and poet. dies of kidney and lung cancer at 83 [1]
  • 2010 Murray Saltzman, Reform Jewish rabbi and civil rights leader (b. 1929)
  • 2010 Gisela Kraft, German writer, dies at 73
  • 2010 Kenneth Noland, American Color Field painter, dies of kidney cancer at 85
  • 2013 Bruce McCarty, American architect, dies at 92
  • 2018 John Young, American astronaut and 9th person to walk on the Moon (Gemini 3 & 10, Apollo 10 & 16, STS 1 & 9), dies of pneumonia complications at 87
  • 2018 Bruce Hood, Canadian National Hockey League referee (1965-84), and author (Calling The Shots), dies of prostate cancer at 81