On This Day

On This Day in History for January 6

Events in History

  • 1066 King Harold I of England crowned
  • 1099 Henry V crowned German king
  • 1205 Philip of Swabia becomes King of the Romans
  • 1227 Ferrand of Portugal freed from the Louvre
  • 1322 Stephen Uros III becomes King of Serbia
  • 1352 French King Jean II introduces Order of the Star
  • 1355 Charles I of Bohemia is crowned with the Iron Crown of Lombardy
  • 1449 Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI is crowned at Mistra.
  • 1453 Emperor Frederik III becomes archduke of Austria
  • 1494 The first Mass in the New World is celebrated at La Isabela, Hispaniola
  • 1497 Jews are expelled from Graz in Styria, Austria
  • 1579 Northern Hasburg Netherlands counties of Artois and Hainault and city Dowaai sign pro-Spanish and pro-Roman Catholic Union of Arras (Unie van Atrecht)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1617 English court favorite George Villiers is made Earl of Buckingham by King James I

Courtier and Statesman George Villiers
Courtier and Statesman
George Villiers
King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1622 Pope Gregory XV forms Congregatio the Propagande Fide
  • 1639 Virginia is 1st colony to order surplus crops (tobacco) destroyed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1649 The English Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial for treason and other "high crimes"

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1661 The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London
  • 1690 Joseph I, later Holy Roman Emperor and son of Emperor Leopold I, becomes King of the Romans
  • 1720 The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1745 Bonnie Prince Charlies' army draws to Glasgow

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1773 Massachusetts slaves petition legislature for freedom
  • 1781 Battle of Jersey: Major Francis Peirson and his men defeat invading French troops
  • 1784 Turkey & Russia sign treaty in Constantinople

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1802 Naturalists Alexander von Humboldt and Aimé Bonpland reach Quito, Ecuador

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1809 Napoleonic Wars: Invasion of Cayenne, by combined British, Portuguese and colonial Brazilian forces, begins

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1832 New England Anti-Slavery Society organizes (Boston)

Historic InventionMorse Telegraph First Demonstrated

1838 Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail demonstrate their telegraph machine in New Jersey

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The original Morse telegraph machine, as developed by Samuel Morse
The original Morse telegraph machine, as developed by Samuel Morse
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  • 1839 2 day storm off Irish & English coast immortalized as the "Big Wind"
  • 1842 4,500 British & Indian troops leave Kabul, massacred before reaching India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1853 Franklin Pierce, the President-elect of the United States at the time, and his family are involved in a train wreck in Massachusetts

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • 1857 Patent for reducing zinc ore granted to Samuel Wetherill, Penn
  • 1861 Florida troops seize Federal arsenal at Apalachicola
  • 1861 NYC mayor proposes NY become a free city, trading with North and South
  • 1870 The inauguration of the Musikverein (Vienna)
  • 1873 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On the Church in Armenia"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 US Congress begins investigating Crédit Mobilier scandal

Financier and Railroad Promoter Doc Durant
Financier and Railroad Promoter
Doc Durant
  • 1880 Record snow cover in Seattle - 120 cm

BattleBattle of Interest

1887 `Abd-allah II of Harar opens the Battle of Chelenqo with an attack on the camp of the Shewan army of Negus Menelik II

Emperor of Ethiopia Menelik II
Emperor of Ethiopia
Menelik II
  • 1893 Great Northern Railway connects Seattle with east coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1893 The Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison.

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Cecil Rhodes resigns as premier of Cape colony

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1898 1st telephone message from a submerged submarine, by Simon Lake
  • 1900 Boers attack at Ladysmith, about 1,000 killed or injured
  • 1903 Dutch Press museum opens in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 Maria Montessori opens her 1st (Montessori) school (Rome)

  • 1912 New Mexico becomes 47th state of the Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912 Geophysicist and meteorologist Alfred Wegener presents his controversial theory of continental drift in a lecture at the Geological Association (Geologischen Vereinigung) at the Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt

Polar Scientist, Geophysicist and Meteorologist Alfred Wegener
Polar Scientist, Geophysicist and Meteorologist
Alfred Wegener
  • 1913 Attempting to end hostilities in the Balkans, the London Peace Conference breaks down because Turkey refuses to cede Adrianpole, the Aegean island, and Crete
  • 1914 Stock brokerage firm of Merrill Lynch founded
  • 1921 The Iraqi Army is formed
  • 1922 -13] Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Mikhail Frunze replaces Leon Trotsky as People's Commissioner of Military and Native Affairs (Minister of Defence) as Trotsky and Joseph Stalin battle for power in the aftermath of Vladimir Lenin's death

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Mussolini forms a cabinet composed entirely of Fascists in Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1926 Kees Boeke opens 1st comprehensive school in Holland
  • 1927 US marines return to Nicaragua

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1928 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Mortalium animos (against oecumene)

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • 1929 Alexander I establishes a royal dictatorship in Yugoslavia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Mother Teresa arrives in Calcutta to begin a her work amongst India's poorest

Catholic Missionary Mother Teresa
Catholic Missionary
Mother Teresa
  • 1930 1st diesel engine automobile trip (in a Packard sedan) completed

InventionHistoric Invention

1931 Thomas Edison submits his last patent application

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Clyde Barrow kills Tarrant County Deputy Sheriff Malcolm Davis after walking into a trap set for another criminal

Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow
  • 1936 Barbara Hanley becomes Canada's 1st woman mayor in Webbwood, Ontario

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Bronze memorial statue of Henry Hudson erected in Bronx

Explorer Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson
  • 1940 Mass execution of Poles, committed by Germans in the city of Poznań, Warthegau.

Roosevelt’s Four FreedomsRoosevelt’s Four Freedoms

1941 US President Franklin Roosevelt makes his "Four Freedoms" speech (freedom of speech and worship; freedom from want and fear) during his US State of Union address

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Eleanor Roosevelt studies the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Eleanor Roosevelt studies the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
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  • 1942 Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to schedule a flight around the world ("Pacific Clipper").

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1946 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Quemadmodum

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1946 Vietnam holds its first ever general election
  • 1947 Ray Lindwall smashes 100 v England in MCG Test
  • 1947 Pan American Airlines offers a round-the-world-ticket, the first commercial airline to do so
  • 1950 Britain recognizes Communist government of China
  • 1951 Ganghwa massacre: Hundreds of South Korean communist sympathisers are slaughtered
  • 1953 The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Burma
  • 1956 Federal court bars former Little League Commissioner Carl Stotz from forming a rival group
  • 1957 Yeshiva Kol Ya'ackov opens in Moscow Russia
  • 1958 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to E. E. Cummings
  • 1964 Charlie Finlay announces he wants to move KC A's to Louisville
  • 1965 Geoff Boycott takes 3-47 against South Africa, his best Test bowling
  • 1967 2 homemade buses collided on a mountain road in Terpate, Philippines plunging off a cliff, killing 84, injuring 140
  • 1967 United States Marine Corps and ARVN troops launch "Operation Deckhouse Five" in the Mekong River delta.
  • 1968 Dr N E Shumway performs 1st US adult cardiac transplant operation
  • 1968 Surveyor 7 (last of series) launched by US for soft-landing on Moon
  • 1971 Berkeley chemists announces 1st synthetic growth hormones
  • 1971 Cecil Partee elected president pro tem of Illinois state senate
  • 1972 US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn
  • 1972 US male Figure Skating championship won by Kenneth Shelley
  • 1972 Vladimir Bukovski is exiled from USSR
  • 1974 United Kingdom begins three-day work week during energy crisis
  • 1974 In response to the 1973 energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly four months early in the United States.
  • 1976 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1977 Charter 77, a document criticising the Czech government's human rights abuses, is published in Prague
  • 1978 1st postage stamp copyrighted by US (Carl Sandburg stamp)
  • 1978 US hand over St Stephan crown to Hungary

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1980 Indira Gandhi's Congress Party wins elections in India

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1980 The beginning of the first GPS epoch.
  • 1981 50th hat trick in Islander history-John Tonelli scored 5 goals
  • 1984 Challenger moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating of STS 41 B mission
  • 1986 British Defense Secretary Michael Heseltine resigns after the 'Westland affair'
  • 1986 Impala Platinum fires 20,000 black mine workers in Johannesburg
  • 1986 STS 61-C scrubbed at T-31sec because of liquid oxygen valve problem

Birthdays in History

Person of interestRichard II

1367 Richard II, King of England (1377-99), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1400)

King of England Richard II
King of England
Richard II
  • 1488 Helius Eobanus Hessus, German poet (Silvae), born in Haina, Germany (d. 1540)
  • 1525 Caspar Peucer, German reformer, born in Bautzen, Germany (d. 1602)
  • 1561 Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician, born in Flensburg, Germany (d. 1656)

Person of interestJohn Smith

1580 John Smith, English explorer (Chesapeake Bay, New England) and leader of the Virginia Colony (Jamestown), born in Lincolnshire, England (d. 1631)

Explorer John Smith
John Smith
  • 1585 Claude Favre de Vaugelas, Savoyard grammarian, born in Meximieux, Duchy of Savoy (d. 1650)
  • 1587 Gaspar de Guzman, Count of Olivares, Premier of Spain (1621-43), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1645)
  • 1595 Claude Favre de Vaugelas, French man of letters, born in Bourg-en-Bresse, France (d. 1650)
  • 1602 Carl von Rabenhaupt, Bohemian Hussite nobleman, born in Bohemia (d. 1675)
  • 1617 Christoffer Gabel, Danish statesman, born in Glückstadt, Denmark (d. 1673)
  • 1655 Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg, Holy Roman Empire Empress, born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1720)
  • 1655 Jakob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1705)
  • 1714 Percivall Pott, English physician, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1788)
  • 1728 Domingos dos Reis Quita, Portuguese playwright & poet, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1770)
  • 1732 Matija A Reljkovic, Habsburg military officer & Croatian writer (Satir iliti divji covic), born in Davor, Croatia (d. 1798)
  • 1745 Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, Annonay, Ardèche, French inventors and 1st pioneer balloonist (Montgolfière-style hot air balloon)
  • 1776 Ferdinand von Schill, Prussian officer & rebel, born in Bannewitz, Germany (d. 1809)
  • 1778 Thomas Lincoln, American farmer, carpenter, and father President Abraham Lincoln, born in Linville Creek, Virginia (d. 1851)
  • 1793 James Madison Porter, American politician, born in Norristown, Pennsylvania (d. 1862)
  • 1795 Anselme Payen, French chemist, born in Paris, France (d. 1871)
  • 1799 Jedediah Smith, American fur trader & explorer, born in Tioga County, New York (d. 1831)
  • 1800 Willem A. Schimmelpenninck van der Oye, Dutch politician, born in Doesburg, Netherlands (d. 1872)
  • 1802 Ion Heliade-Radulescu, Romanian writer (Gramatica), born in Târgoviște, Romania (d. 1872)
  • 1807 Joseph Holt, American lawyer, politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Breckinridge County, Kentucky (d. 1894)
  • 1807 Jozef Maximilián Petzval, Slovak inventor, born in Spišská Belá, Slovakia (d. 1891)
  • 1808 Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1864)
  • 1811 Charles Sumner, American leading Reconstruction senator, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1874)
  • 1812 Melchora Aquino, Filipino revolutionary hero, born in Caloocan, Philippines (d. 1919)
  • 1819 Baldassare Verazzi, Italian painter, born in Caprezzo, Italy (d. 1886)

Person of interestHeinrich Schliemann

1822 Heinrich Schliemann, German archaeologist who rediscovered Troy, born in Neubukow, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, German Confederation (d. 1890

Archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann
Heinrich Schliemann
  • 1826 Herman Grimm, German writer & novelist (Ralph Waldo Emerson), born in Kassel, Hesse (d. 1901)
  • 1827 John Calvin Brown, Major General (Confederate Army), born in Giles County, Tennessee (d. 1889)
  • 1827 John Wesley Frazer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Hardin County, Tennessee (d. 1906)
  • 1832 Gustave Doré, French painter and sculptor, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1883)
  • 1842 Clarence King, American geologist & mountaineer, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1901)
  • 1850 Eduard "Ede" Bernstein, German Marxist (New Era)
  • 1854 Sherlock Holmes, Mycroft, fictional detective (via Arthur Conan Doyle)
  • 1857 Hugh Mahon, Irish-born Australian politician, born in Killurin, Republic of Ireland (d. 1931)
  • 1857 William E. Russell, 37th Governor of Massachusetts, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1859 Samuel Alexander, English philosopher (Moral Order & Progress), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1938)
  • 1861 George Exton Lloyd, Anglican bishop and theologian, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1940)
  • 1870 Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany, born in Ozyorsk, Russia (d. 1944)
  • 1878 Carl Sandburg, American poet & biographer of Lincoln (The People, Yes), born in Galesburg, Illinois (d. 1967)
  • 1882 Samuel Rayburn, American politician (Rep-D-Tx), born in Kingston, Tennessee (d. 1961)
  • 1882 Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter, born in Białystok, Poland (d. 1949)
  • 1882 Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, born in İbriktepe, Turkey (d. 1965)
  • 1883 Khalil Gibran, Lebanese mystic & poet (The Prophet, Broken Wings), born in Bsharri, Lebanon (d. 1931)
  • 1884 Harry Pace, American music label owner (Black Swan - 1st major label founded by a Black American), born in Covington, Georgia (d. 1943)
  • 1889 Alan M Bateman, Canadian geologist (Yale professor), born in Kingston, Canada
  • 1896 Abram Nicholas Pritzker, American businessman (Hyatt Hotels, McCall's magazine), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1986)
  • 1896 Freerk Siemon Wolters, Dutch resistance fighter, born in Zuidwolde, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1898 Jan Filip Boon, Flemish journalist & editor (De Standaard 1929-39), born in Halle, Belgium (d. 1960)
  • 1898 Charles E. Pont, French-born Swiss-American artist, born in Saint-Julien-en-Genevois, France (d. 1971)
  • 1900 Queen Maria of Yugoslavia [Maria of Romania], Queen consort of Yugoslavia (1922-34), born in Gotha, German Empire (d. 1961)
  • 1902 Helmut Poppendick, Nazi physician, born in Hude, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1905 Eric Frank Russell, British sci-fi author (Hugo, Deep Space, Dark Tides), born in Sandhurst, Berkshire (d. 1978)
  • 1906 Benedict Vilakazi, South African Zulu poet & educator (Zulu-English Dictionary), born in KwaDukuza, Natal (d. 1947)
  • 1906 Jaap Wagemaker, Dutch sculptor, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1972)
  • 1907 David Fleay, Australian naturalist, born in Ballarat, Victoria (d. 1993)
  • 1909 Joop Moesman, Dutch surrealist painter (Rumor), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1988)
  • 1910 Wright Morris, American novelist & photographer, born in Central City, Nebraska (d. 1998)
  • 1911 Eduardo Frei Montalva, Chilean political leader (President 1964-70), born in Santiago, Chile (d. 1982)
  • 1912 Jacques Cesar Ellul, French philosopher & sociologist, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1994)
  • 1913 Edward Gierek, Polish communist politician, born in Porąbka, Poland (d. 2001)
  • 1915 Alan Watts, British-American philosopher (Book on the Taboo), born in Chislehurst, United Kingdom (d. 1973)
  • 1915 Don Edwards, American politician and civil rights champion (Rep-D-CA, 1963-94), born in San Jose, California (d. 2015)
  • 1915 John C. Lilly, U.S. psychoanalyst & writer, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2001)
  • 1916 Vincent Serventy, Australian writer and conservationist, born in Armadale, Australia (d. 2007)
  • 1917 Koo Chen-fu, Taiwanese businessman & diplomat, born in Taichung, Taiwan (d. 2005)
  • 1920 Doris Stokes, British psychic medium, born in Grantham, United Kingdom (d. 1987)
  • 1920 John Maynard Smith, English biologist, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 2004)
  • 1921 Lou Harris, American pollster (Lou Harris Poll), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Leah Chase, New Orleans chef & author, born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1923 Jacobo Timerman, Soviet-born Argentine writer, born in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (d. 1999)
  • 1925 John Z. DeLorean, American automaker (DeLorean), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2005)
  • 1927 Jesse Leonard Steinfeld, 11th US Surgeon General (1969-73), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2014)
  • 1928 George H. Ross, American businessman, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1929 Babrak Karmal, Afghani politician installed as President after Soviet invasion, born in Afghanistan (d. 1996)
  • 1930 Denis Pitts, English journalist
  • 1932 Stuart A. Rice, American chemist, born in NYC, New York
  • 1933 Fred L. Turner, American businessman (CEO of McDonalds, 1977-2004), born in Des Moines, Iowa (d. 2013)
  • 1934 Harry M. Miller, Australian entrepreneur, born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 2018)
  • 1934 Tassos Papadopoulos, Cypriot politician & barrister (President, 2003–2008), born in Nicosia, Cyprus (d. 2008)
  • 1935 Margarita Gomez-Acebo y Cejuela, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1936 Julio Maria Sanguinetti Cairolo, Uruguayan politician (President, 1985-90, 1995-2000), born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1938 Prof Adrienne Clarke, Australian botanist, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1938 Mario Rodríguez Cobos (aka Silo), Argentine writer and spiritual leader, born in Mendoza, Argentina (d. 2010)
  • 1940 Ed Zschau, American politician (Rep-R-CA, 1983- ), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1940 Penny Lernoux, American journalist, born in California (d. 1989)
  • 1943 Osvaldo Soriano, Argentine journalist & writer, born in Mar del Plata, Argentina (d. 1997)
  • 1944 Henry Kravis, American businessman & author (The Money Machine), born in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • 1944 Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Swiss immunologist & Nobel laureate, born in Riehen, Switzerland
  • 1945 Barry Lopez, American author (Of Wolves & Men), born in Port Chester, New York
  • 1945 Allen Appel, American novelist, born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
  • 1948 Guy Gardner, US Air Force officer & astronaut (STS 27, STS 35), born in Altavista, Virginia
  • 1948 Bob Wise, American politician (Rep-D-WV, 1983- ), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1950 Louis Freeh, American attorney & FBI director, born in Jersey City, New Jersey
  • 1954 Hans Robert Hiegel, German architect, born in Kaiserslautern, Germany
  • 1954 Yuji Horii, Japanese video game designer, born in Sumoto, Hyōgo, Japan
  • 1957 Michael Foale, British-American astrophysicist and astronaut (STS 45, 56, 63, 84/86), born in Louth, England

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1759 US 1st President George Washington marries Martha Dandridge Custis at White House Plantation

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
1st US First Lady Martha Washington
1st US First Lady
Martha Washington

LoveWedding of Interest

1836 Author Harriet Beecher (24) weds educator Calvin Ellis Stowe (33) in Cincinnati, Ohio

Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe

LoveWedding of Interest

1903 Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein (23) weds Mileva Maric

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein

LoveWedding of Interest

1945 Future 41st US President George H. W. Bush (20) weds Barbara Pierce (19) at the First Presbyterian Church in Rye, New York

US First Lady Barbara Bush
US First Lady
Barbara Bush
41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush

Deaths in History

  • 664 Amr ibn al-A'as, Arab general who led the Muslim conquest of Egypt, dies at about 90
  • 1088 Berengarius of Tours, French theologist, dies
  • 1275 Raymundus of Penafort, Spanish church law scholar, dies
  • 1374 Andreas Corsini, Italian saint/bishop of Fiesole, dies
  • 1425 Jan of Bavaria, liege of Holland/bishop/duke, dies
  • 1481 Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Golden Horde (1465-1481)
  • 1536 Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter, dies at 54
  • 1541 Bernard van Orley, Flemish royal painter of Hungary, dies at about 52
  • 1592 John Casimir of Simmern, German prince and regent for his nephew, Elector Frederick IV (b. 1543)
  • 1616 Philip Henslowe, English theatrical entrepreneur during Elizabethan age, dies at about 65
  • 1646 Elias Hill, German architect of Augsburg, dies at 72
  • 1689 Seth Ward, English mathematician and astronomer (b. 1617)
  • 1693 Mehmed IV, sultan (Turkey), dies at 51
  • 1694 Francesco Morosini, Italian army general, dies
  • 1702 Thomas Franklin, English smith/uncle of B Franklin, dies [NS=Jan 17]
  • 1718 Richard Hoare, English goldsmith and banker (b. 1648)
  • 1718 Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, Italian writer and jurist (b. 1664)
  • 1725 Chikamatsu Monzaemon, Japanese playwright (Yotsugi Soga), dies at about 71
  • 1731 Étienne François Geoffroy, French physician and chemist (1718 affinity table), dies at 58
  • 1734 John Dennis, English dramatist whose thunder was stolen (b. 1657)

Person of interestHaym Salomon

1785 Haym Salomon, Polish-born American broker who helped finance the American Revolution, dies in Philadelphia at 44

Financier Haym Salomon
Haym Salomon
  • 1799 Frederik, Dutch prince of Orange-Nassau and general, dies of a fever at 25
  • 1813 Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general, dies at 48
  • 1840 Fanny Burney, English novelist (Camille, Evalina), dies at 87
  • 1849 Hartley Coleridge, English poet, dies at 52

Person of interestLouis Braille

1852 Louis Braille, French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for the blind, dies of tuberculosis at 43

Braille Inventor Louis Braille
Braille Inventor
Louis Braille
  • 1855 Giacomo Beltrami, Italian explorer (b. 1779)
  • 1882 Richard Henry Dana Jr., American author (Two Years Before the Mast), dies at 66

Person of interestGregor Mendel

1884 Gregor Mendel, Austrian monk and geneticist (discoverer of laws of heredity), dies at 61

Monk/Geneticist Gregor Mendel
Gregor Mendel
  • 1884 Paul Taglioni, "the Great," Italian Austrian choreographer, dies at 75
  • 1885 Peter C Asbjornsen, Norwegian fairy tale writer, dies at 72
  • 1885 Harishchandra, Indian poet, dramatist and commonly referred as "father of modern Hindi", dies at 34
  • 1902 Jan Bloch, Polish military theorist and peace activist, dies at 65
  • 1913 Frederick Hitch, English Victoria Cross Winner (b. 1856)
  • 1917 Hendrick Peter Godfried Quack, Dutch lawyer and economist (Bank of Neth), dies at 82
  • 1918 Georg F L P Cantor, German mathematician: collection, dies at 72

Person of interestTheodore Roosevelt

1919 Theodore Roosevelt, 26th US President (R: 1901-09; Nobel 1906), dies in NY at 60

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1919 Max Heindel, Danish-American Christian occultist, astrologer and mystic, dies at 54
  • 1922 Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (algebraic geometry and invariant theory), dies at 79
  • 1935 George P Baker, American educator and playwright (Dramatic Technique), dies at 68
  • 1937 André Bessette, Canadian Roman Catholic religious figure, dies at 91
  • 1941 Franz Hessel, German writer, dies at 60
  • 1944 Ida Tarbell, American muckraker (The History of the Standard Oil Company), dies at 86
  • 1945 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (b. 1863)
  • 1945 Edith Frank, mother of Holocaust diarist Anne Frank, dies from starvation at the age of 44
  • 1950 Isaiah Bowman, geographer/co-founder (Geographical Review), dies at 71
  • 1958 Josephine CMA, princess of Belgium/nun, dies at 85
  • 1960 Edith Barstow, American choreographer (Frankie Laine Time, The Gem of the Ocean), dies at 54
  • 1960 Erik Lindahl, Swedish economist (Theory of Money & Capital), dies at 68
  • 1961 Regina Ullmann, Swiss poet and writer, dies at 76
  • 1962 Jacob "Jaap" Nanninga, Dutch painter (France, N Africa), dies at 57
  • 1963 Lourens GM Baas Becking, Dutch botanist/resistance fighter, dies at 68
  • 1964 Edgar Maass, German/American author (Verdun), dies at 67
  • 1968 Kurt Baschwitz, Germ/Dutch sociologist/journalist (Heksen), dies at 81
  • 1972 Chen Yi, Chinese military commander and politician (b. 1901)
  • 1974 David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexican sculptor/muralist, dies at 77
  • 1976 Albert Rice Leventhal, American publisher (Little Golden Books), dies at 68
  • 1977 Hanns Lilje, German Lutheran bishop and antifascist (Church und Welt), dies at 77
  • 1978 John D. MacArthur, American insurance billionaire, dies at 80
  • 1981 A. J. Cronin, Scottish writer (Citadel, Shining Victory), dies at 84
  • 1985 Robert W. Welch Jr., American businessman who founded the conservative John Birch Society, dies at 85
  • 1986 Louis Lebeer, Dutch art historian, dies at 90
  • 1991 Ada Moore, entertainer, dies of cancer at 64
  • 1992 Avon Jaeger Hill, entertainer, dies of cancer at 44
  • 1993 Elisabeth, arch duch of Austria/princess of Liechtenstein, dies at 70
  • 1994 "Iron" Adriaan van Es, Dutch undersec of Navy (1963-72), dies at 80
  • 1994 Gerardus J Sizoo, physicist/director of Dutch Free University, dies
  • 1994 Morty the Moose, (Northern Exposure), dies at 6
  • 1994 Virginia Kelley Clinton, Mother of President Clinton, dies at 70
  • 1995 Edward Sutcliffe, British judge (British Central Criminal Court), dies at 77
  • 1995 Joe Slovo, Latvian/South African attorney/sect-gen (SACR), dies at 68
  • 1996 Duane Hanson, American sculptor and artist, dies at 70
  • 1996 Henry Lennox d'Aubigny Hopkinson, diplomat/politician, dies at 94
  • 1996 John Phillipps Kenyon, historian/teacher, dies at 68
  • 1997 Ian Peter Leslie Smith, British journalist, dies at 52
  • 1997 Litz Pisk, movement teacher, dies at 87
  • 2000 Don Martin, American cartoonist (b. 1931)
  • 2004 Francesco Scavullo, American celebrity photographer, dies at 82
  • 2004 Pierre Charles, 5th Prime Minister of Dominica, dies at 49
  • 2005 Louis Robichaud, Premier of New Brunswick (b. 1925)
  • 2005 Lois Hole, Lt. Governor of Alberta (b. 1933)
  • 2006 Hugh Thompson Jr., American Vietnam War veteran who played a major role in ending the 1968 My Lai massacre, dies of cancer at 62
  • 2007 Roberta Wohlstetter, military historian and strategist (b. 1912)
  • 2011 Don Tyson, American businessman, founder of Tyson Foods, dies at 80
  • 2012 Ellen Pence, social activist, dies from cancer at 63
  • 2012 Roger Boisjoly, American aerodynamicist (anticipated challenger disaster), dies at 73
  • 2021 Satya Paul, Indian fashion designer and entrepreneur who invented the modern sari, dies of a stroke at 79 [1]