On This Day

On This Day in History for January 7

Events in History

  • 754 Pope Stefanus II arrives in Ponthion
  • 1325 Afonso IV succeeds Dionysius as King of Portugal
  • 1558 Calais, last English possession in France, retaken by French
  • 1566 Antonio "Michele" Ghislieri is elected Pope Pius V
  • 1584 Last day of the Julian calendar in Bohemia & Holy Roman empire
  • 1598 Boris Godunov seizes Russian throne on death of Feodor I
  • 1601 Robert, Earl of Essex, leads revolt in London against Queen Elizabeth
  • 1608 Fire destroys Jamestown, Virginia

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1610 Galileo Galilei discovers the first three moons of Jupiter: Io, Europa & Ganymede

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1618 Francis Bacon becomes Lord Chancellor of England

Statesman/Philosopher Francis Bacon
Francis Bacon
  • 1622 Germany & Transylvania sign Peace of Nikolsburg
  • 1654 Fire after heavy storm destroys two thirds of De Rijp Netherlands, 1 person dies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1698 Russian Tsar Peter the Great departs Netherlands for England

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1714 Typewriter patented by Englishman Henry Mill (built years later)
  • 1782 1st US commercial bank, Bank of North America, opens in Philadelphia
  • 1784 1st US seed business established by David Landreth, Philadelphia
  • 1785 1st balloon flight across English Channel by Jean Pierre Blanchard and John Jeffries
  • 1790 French Revolution: A major riot breaks out in Versailles as people demand lower bread prices
  • 1797 The modern Italian flag is first used
  • 1817 2nd Bank of US opens in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1822 1st printing in Hawaii
  • 1822 Liberia colonized by Americans
  • 1830 1st US Railroad Station opens (Baltimore)
  • 1835 HMS Beagle anchors off Chonos Archipelago
  • 1861 Florida troops takeover Fort Marion at St Augustine (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Romney Campaign: Stonewall Jackson march towards Romney, WV

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • 1868 Arkansas constitutional convention meets in Little Rock
  • 1868 Mississippi constitutional convention meets in Jackson
  • 1890 African American inventor William Purvis receives a patent for the fountain pen
  • 1892 Mine explosion kills 100 in Krebs, Oklahoma; blacks trying to help rescue white survivors, driven away with guns
  • 1893 Hermann Sudermanns "Heimat" premieres in Berlin
  • 1896 Fannie Farmer publishes her first cookbook "The Boston Cooking-School Cook Book"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 Marconi Co establishes "CQD" as 1st international radio distress signal

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 Clyde Fitch's "Truth" premieres in NYC

Playwright Clyde Fitch
Clyde Fitch
  • 1908 England beat Australia by one wicket at the MCG
  • 1911 Dutch Scouts Organization established in Amsterdam
  • 1913 William M Burton patents a process to "crack" petroleum
  • 1915 World War I: Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm approves strategic bombing of Britain, but forbids bombing London, fearing his relatives in the royal family might be killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 In response to pressure from President Woodrow Wilson, Germany notifies the US State Department that it will abide by strict international rules of maritime warfare

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1919 The Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union of South Africa is founded, led by Clements Kadalie
  • 1919 Montenegrin guerrilla fighters rebel, but fail to prevent Serbia's annexation of Montenegro
  • 1920 Five duly elected Socialist assemblymen are denied by the New York State Assembly

IrelandAnglo-Irish Treaty

1922 The Anglo-Irish Treaty is ratified by Dail Eireann by a 64-57 vote

Learn More
Signature page of the Anglo-Irish Treaty
Signature page of the Anglo-Irish Treaty
Learn More
  • 1923 Baltimore Sun warns of Ku Klux Klan
  • 1927 Commercial transatlantic telephone service inaugurated between New York & London
  • 1929 "Buck Rogers" sci-fi comic strip's 1st appearance in a newspaper
  • 1929 "Tarzan", one of the 1st adventure comic strips, 1st appears

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Croatian nationalist movement, Ustaša founded by Ante Pavelić in exile in Italy

Croatian Fascist Leader Ante Pavelić
Croatian Fascist Leader
Ante Pavelić
  • 1929 French inventor Robert Bureau launches the 1st radiosonde - a battery-powered telemetry instrument carried into the atmosphere to measure various parameters and transmit them by radio to a ground receiver
  • 1930 Edwin Justus Mayer's "Children of Darkness" premieres in NYC
  • 1930 Marguerite Perey discovers francium (Fr), the last naturally occurring element to be found
  • 1931 Guy Menzies flies the first solo non-stop trans-Tasman flight (from Australia to New Zealand) in 11 hours and 45 minutes, crash-landing on New Zealand's west coast.
  • 1933 1st edition of People & Fatherland published in Netherlands
  • 1934 "Flash Gordon" comic strip (by Alex Raymond) debuts
  • 1935 Zoe Akins' "Old Maid" premieres in NYC

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1935 French Foreign minister Pierre Laval and Benito Mussolini sign the Franco-Italian Agreement

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • 1939 US worker's union leader Tom Mooney freed (jailed since 1916)
  • 1940 Winter War: The Finish 9th Division defeats the Soviet forces on the Raate-Suomussalmi road despite being significantly outnumbered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Chinese Kuomintang forces under orders from Chiang Kai-shek open fire on the surrounded Communist New Fourth Army at Maolin, Anhui Province, killing or capturing 7,000 troops

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1942 WW II siege of Bataan starts
  • 1944 US Air Force announces production of 1st US jet fighter, the Bell P-59

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) reports total German victory in the Ardennes

Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist William Joyce
Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist
William Joyce
  • 1945 The last surface engagement between Allies and Japanese in the Pacific campaign, World War II
  • 1946 Cambodia becomes autonomous state inside French Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 US President Harry Truman raises taxes for the Marshall Plan

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • 1948 Thomas Mantell, a pilot for the Kentucky Air National Guard, crashes while pursuing a supposed UFO
  • 1949 1st photo of genes taken at University of Southern California by Pease & Baker
  • 1950 Hank Snow's 1st appearance on "Grand Ole Opry"
  • 1950 Mental health wing of Mercy Hospital burns, kills 41 in Davenport, Iowa
  • 1952 French Plevin government falls
  • 1953 US President Harry Truman announces American development of the hydrogen bomb
  • 1954 Georgetown-IBM experiment, 1st public demonstration of a machine translation system, is held at IBM's head office in New York
  • 1956 Vinoo Mankad scores 231 v NZ, 413 opening stand with Roy
  • 1957 Algerian militant and National Liberation Front member Djamila Bouhired sets off a bomb in an Algiers cafe killing 11 civilians, precipitating the Battle of Algiers
  • 1958 USSR reduces army to 300,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 US recognizes Fidel Castro's Cuban government

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 American gangster Meyer Lansky flees Cuba for the Bahamas due to the Cuban Revolution and rise of Fidel Castro

Mobster Meyer Lansky
Meyer Lansky
  • 1960 The Polaris missile is tested
  • 1961 Trucial States (now UAE) issue their 1st postage stamps

MurderAssassination Attempt

1962 Assassination attempt fails on Indonesian President Sukarno

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1962 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to John Hall Wheelock
  • 1963 1st class postage raised from 4 cents to 5 cents
  • 1964 Bahamas becomes self-governing
  • 1964 Dick Weber rolls highest bowling game in air (Boeing 707)
  • 1965 France announces it will convert $150 million of its currency to gold
  • 1965 Twin brothers are in held in custody in London charged with abduction and murder
  • 1968 1st class US postage raised from 5 cents to 6 cents
  • 1968 Surveyor 7, the last spacecraft in the Surveyor series, lifts off
  • 1969 US Congress doubles president salary
  • 1971 -40°F (-40°C) in Hawley Lake, Arizona (state record)
  • 1972 Iberian Airlines 'plane crashes into 800ft peak on island of Ibiza, 104 die
  • 1972 Lewis F. Powell Jr. becomes a US Supreme Court Justice
  • 1972 William Hubbs Rehnquist sworn in as US Supreme Court Justice
  • 1973 Johnny Watkins bowls six overs 0-21 v Pakistan Never again
  • 1973 American poet James Merrill wins Bollingen Prize
  • 1973 Mark Essex's mass shooting comes to an end after he is shot by police more than 200 times on the roof of New Orlean's Holiday Inn hotel. He killed nine people, including five policeman.
  • 1974 Gasoline rationed in Netherlands
  • 1975 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to AR Ammons (Sphere)
  • 1978 Angola revises its constitution in include a state security law
  • 1979 Vietnamese forces capture Phnom Penh from Khmer Rouge

Birthdays in History

  • 891 Abd al-Rahman III, Umayyad Emir (912-29) and ruler of the Caliph of Córdoba (929-961), born in Córdoba (d. 961) date disputed
  • 1355 Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, son of Edward III of England (d. 1397)

Person of interestGregory XIII

1502 Gregory XIII [Ugo Boncompagni], Italian pope (1572-85) who introduced the Gregorian (New Style) calendar in 1582, born in Bologna, Papal States (d. 1585)

  • 1528 Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre and mother of French King Henry IV
  • 1539 Sebastian de Covarrubias Horozco, Spanish lexicographer
  • 1611 James Harrington, England, political author (Commonwealth of Oceans)
  • 1647 Wilhelm Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1677)
  • 1652 Pavao Vitezovic, Croatia, writer/historian
  • 1653 Bernhard Albinus, German court-physician (Frederick of Prussia)
  • 1685 Gerard George Clifford, Dutch director of East India Company
  • 1685 Jonas Alströmer, Swedish industrialist (d. 1761)
  • 1706 Johann Heinrich Zedler, German publisher (d. 1751)
  • 1718 Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (d. 1790)
  • 1745 Johann Christian Fabricius, Tønder, Danish Entomologist (named nearly 10,000 species)
  • 1755 Stephen Groombridge, Goudhurst Kent, English Astronomer (Catalogue of Circumpolar Stars)
  • 1768 Joseph Bonaparte, King of Naples (d. 1844)
  • 1786 John Catron, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1865)
  • 1796 Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales (d. 1817)
  • 1799 Daniel Tyler, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brooklyn, Connecticut (d. 1882)

Person of interestMillard Fillmore

1800 Millard Fillmore, 13th US President (Whig: 1850-53), born in Moravia, New York (d. 1874)

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President
Millard Fillmore
  • 1808 Jacob Ammen, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Fincastle, Virginia (d. 1894)
  • 1813 Ann Rutledge, said to be Abraham Lincoln's true love, born in Henderson, Kentucky (d. 1835)
  • 1816 Stephen Miller, American politician (Governor of Minnesota) Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Perry County, Pennsylvania (d. 1881)
  • 1821 Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell, Brigadier General (Confed Army), (d. 1891)
  • 1822 Lucius C M Bakker, Frisian physician/author (Goethe)
  • 1824 James Morrison Hawes, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1889)
  • 1827 Sir Sandford Fleming, Scottish-Canadian engineer; introduced Universal Standard Time (d. 1915)
  • 1830 [Samuel] Emerson Opdycke, American businessman and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hubbard, Ohio (d. 1884)
  • 1830 Albert Bierstadt, German painter (US landscapes)
  • 1831 Heinrich von Stephan, German Director of the Post service who introduced the telephone to Germany, born in Stolp, Pomerania, Kingdom of Prussia
  • 1832 James Munro, Premier of Victoria (d. 1908)
  • 1833 Henry Enfield Roscoe, English Chemist (vanadium and photochemistry), born in London, England
  • 1834 Johann Philipp Reis, German physicist and inventor (d. 1874)
  • 1844 Marie-Bernarde Soubirous [St Bernadette of Lourdes], saint/visionary
  • 1845 Louis III, last king of Bavaria (1913-18)
  • 1845 Paul Deussen, German philosopher (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft), born in Oberdreis, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1858 Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, key figure in the revival of Hebrew as a spoken language (d. 1922)
  • 1868 Abraham M. "Mark" Lidzbarski, Polish German orientalist
  • 1870 Lord Gordon Hewart, British judge (d. 1943)
  • 1871 Émile Borel, French mathematician and politician (d. 1956)
  • 1877 Johannes F Buziau, Dutch cabaret performer (1 great dog)
  • 1879 St Bernadette (Marie-Bernarde Soubirous), 1844(?), religious visionary
  • 1883 Andrew Browne, Irish/British admiral (WWII)
  • 1890 Henny Porten, silent screen star (Deception), born in Magdeburg, Germany
  • 1891 Zora Neale Hurston, Notasulga Alabama, American writer
  • 1895 Marie-Dominique Chenu, French Roman Catholic theologist, born in Soisy-sur-Seine, Essonne (d. 1990)
  • 1895 Sir Hudson Fysh, Australian aviator and co-founder of QANTAS, born in Launceston, Tasmania (d. 1974)
  • 1903 Albrecht Haushofer, German geographer and writer, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1903)
  • 1909 Thalassa Cruso, English-American gardening expert (The Mike Douglas Show, The Tonight Show), born in London (d. 1997)
  • 1910 Alain JG de Rothschild, French banker/baron
  • 1910 Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Pakistani poet (d. 1984)
  • 1910 Orval Faubus, Governor of Arkansas (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Charles Addams, American artist and cartoonist (New Yorker, The Addams Family) known for darkly humorous and macabre characters, born in Westfield, New Jersey (d. 1988)
  • 1915 Herman Musaph, Dutch psychiatrist/sexologist/founder (NVSH)
  • 1916 Elena Ceausescu, wife of Romania's Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu (d. 1989)
  • 1918 Alessadro Natta, Italian political leader (Communist Party)
  • 1918 Irene Vorrink, Dutch politician (Minister of health), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Albert Meltzer, anarchist
  • 1920 Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, British engineer/Industrialist (float glass), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1995)
  • 1923 Hugh Kenner, Canadian literary critic (d. 2003)
  • 1924 Roloff Beny, Alberta, painter/photographer (A Time of Gods)
  • 1925 Gerald Malcolm Durrell, Britain, zoologist/writer (Mockery Bird)
  • 1926 Kim Jong-pil, South Korean Prime Minister (1971-75, 1998-2000) and founder of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (now the National Intelligence Service), born in Buyeo County, Japanese Korea (d. 2018)
  • 1931 Mack Mattingly, American diplomat and politician (Sen-R-Georgia, 1981-86), born in Anderson, Indiana
  • 1932 Joe Berinson, Australian politician
  • 1934 Jean Corbeil, Canadian politician (d. 2002)
  • 1935 Valeri Nikolayevich Kubasov, Soviet/Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz 6, 19, 36/35), born in Vyazniki, Russia (d. 2014)
  • 1936 Ben Cropp, Australian shark hunter and photographer, born in Buka Island, Papua New Guinea
  • 1938 Jasperina de Jong, Dutch cabaret performer (Jan Rao en z'n Maat)
  • 1938 Roland Topor, French illustrator (d. 1997)
  • 1939 Prince Michael of Greece and Denmark
  • 1940 William Elgin Swinton, child psychiatrist
  • 1941 Ann Susan Hills, freelance journalist
  • 1941 Frederick Drew Gregory, Col USAF/astro (STS 51-B, 33, 44), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1941 John E. Walker, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1943 Sadako Sasaki, Japanese child victim of the Hiroshima atomic bomb, born in Hiroshima, Japan (d. 1955)
  • 1944 Ad Nijhuis, Dutch politician (VVD), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 1944 Tony Whitlam, Australian lawyer & judge, born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1945 Dick Marty, Swiss politician & prosecutor, born in Sorengo, Switzerland
  • 1945 Raila Odinga, Kenyan politician, Prime Minister of Kenya (2008-2013), born in Maseno, Kenya
  • 1947 Shobha De, Indian columnist & novelist, born in Satara, India
  • 1951 Talgat Musabayev, Kazakh test pilot & cosmonaut (TM-19, TM-27), born in Kargaly, Kazakhstan
  • 1951 Mike Ward, American politician, born in White Plains, New York
  • 1952 Giuliano Ferrara, Italian politician, journalist and founding editor (Il Foglio), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1957 Nicholson Baker, American novelist, born in NYC, New York
  • 1958 Donna Rice Hughes, American author & speaker, born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1958 Peter Mokaba, South African politician (South African Youth Congress), born in Pietersburg, South Africa
  • 1960 Loretta Sanchez, American politician, born in Lynwood, California
  • 1960 Mohammed Javad Zarif, Iranian politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Broujerd
  • 1961 Andrew Thomson, Australian politician, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1961 John Thune, American politician, born in Pierre, South Dakota
  • 1962 Aleksandr Dugin, Russian politician, born in Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

Person of interestRand Paul

1963 Rand Paul, American politician (Senate-R-Kentucky 2011-), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

US Senator Rand Paul
US Senator
Rand Paul
  • 1966 Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, American publicist & wife of John Kennedy Jr, born in White Plains, New York (d. 1999)
  • 1971 Tina Anderson, American comic book writer
  • 1988 Scott Pendlebury, Australian rules footballer, born in Sale, Australia
  • 1996 Abbey Speakman, English twin born 19 days after her twin sister

Weddings in History

  • 1879 Dutch King Willem II marries Emma von Waldeck-Pyrmont
  • 1934 Princess Juliana marries German prince Bernhard von Lippe-Biesterfeld

LoveWedding of Interest

1971 American horror, sci-fi and fantasy author Stephen King marries Tabitha Spruce, author and activist

Horror Author Stephen King
Horror Author
Stephen King

Deaths in History

  • 312 Lucianus of Antioch, theologist/saint, dies
  • 1130 Baldricus Burgoliensis, French historian/archbishop, dies at about 83
  • 1285 Charles I of Anjou, king of Naples/bro of King Louis IX, dies at 58
  • 1325 Denis of Portugal, King of Portugal (1279-1325), dies at 63
  • 1355 Inês de Castro, Galician noblewoman, lover and posthumously-recognized wife of King Peter I of Portugal, is murdered on the orders of King Afonso IV at 29 or 30
  • 1400 Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey, English politician (b. 1374)
  • 1451 Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoye and last antipope (Felix V, 1439-48), dies at 67
  • 1529 Peter Vischer, the Old, German count of Sebaldus, dies

Person of interestCatherine of Aragon

1536 Catherine of Aragon, 1st wife of England's King Henry VIII, dies at 50

Spanish Princess, Queen of England Catherine of Aragon
Spanish Princess, Queen of England
Catherine of Aragon
  • 1537 Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence, Italian ruler of Florence (1532-37), assassinated by his friend and cousin at 26
  • 1566 Ludovicus Blosius [Louis de Blois "Dacrianus"], wrtier, dies
  • 1590 Jacob Andreae, German theologist (Formulae Concordiae), dies at 61
  • 1598 Feodor I (Fyodor/Theodore Ivanovich), Tsar of Russia (1584-98), dies at 40
  • 1619 Nicholas Hilliard, English painter of miniature portraits, dies at about 71
  • 1655 Pope Innocent X (Giambattista Pamfili), Reigned 1644-55, dies at 80
  • 1658 Theophilus Eaton, American colonist (b. 1590)
  • 1694 Charles Gerard, 1st Earl of Macclesfield, English general (bc. 1618)
  • 1695 Mary II Stuart, queen of England, dies at 32 [OS=Dec 28 1694]
  • 1700 Raffaello Fabretti, Italian antiquarian (b. 1618)
  • 1715 François Fénelon, French Roman Catholic theologian and writer (Playing for Time), dies at 63
  • 1721 Rochus Aerts, Flemish sculptor, dies [or 1739]
  • 1722 Antoine Coypel, French painter and poet, dies at 60
  • 1743 Anne Sophie Reventlow, Queen of Denmark and Norway (1721-30), dies at 49
  • 1758 Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (Gentle Shepherd), dies at 71
  • 1767 Thomas Clap, American academic, 1st president of Yale University, dies at 63
  • 1770 Carl Gustaf Tessin, Swedish politician, dies at 74
  • 1786 Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (b. 1715)
  • 1830 Infanta Carlota Joaquina, daughter of Charles IV of Spain and wife of John VI of Portugal, dies at 53
  • 1830 Thomas Lawrence, English portrait painter, dies at 60
  • 1858 Willem Broes, vicar/theologist (Textenrol), dies at 91
  • 1864 Caleb Blood Smith, American journalist and politician, 6th U.S. Secretary of the Interior, dies at 55
  • 1872 James Fisk, American entrepreneur (b. 1834)
  • 1876 Juste Olivier, Swiss poet (b. 1807)
  • 1878 François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (b. 1794)
  • 1890 Augusta Maria L Katharina, wife of German Emperor Wilhelm I, dies at 78
  • 1892 Muḥammad Tawfīq Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (1879-92), dies at 39
  • 1892 Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke, German physician and physiologist, dies at 72
  • 1893 Jožef Stefan, Slovenian physicist and mathematician (b. 1835)
  • 1901 James Dunwoody Bulloch, Confederacy's chief foreign agent in Great Britain during the American Civil War, dies at 77
  • 1912 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, English Physician and Feminist, dies at 71
  • 1918 Julius Wellhausen, German biblical scholar (analysis of the structure and dating of the Pentateuch), dies at 73
  • 1919 Henry Ware Eliot, American industrialist, philanthropist and the father of T. S. Eliot, dies at 75
  • 1920 Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia (1901-03), dies at 70
  • 1921 Benno Erdmann, German philosopher (Logik I), dies at 69
  • 1922 Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole, Prince of the Kingdom of Hawaii, dies at 50
  • 1929 Henry Arthur Jones, English playwright (Silver King), dies at 77
  • 1933 Herbert "Bert" Hinkler, Australian aviator who made first solo flight from England to Australia (1928), dies in a plane crash at 40
  • 1935 Alfred Ewing, Scottish Physicist (magnetic properties of metals, hysteresis), dies at 79

Person of interestNikola Tesla

1943 Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist (tesla motor), dies at 86

Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Nikola Tesla
Electrical and Mechanical Engineer
Nikola Tesla
  • 1943 George Washington Crile, American surgeon (conducted the first direct blood transfusion and studied the effects of surgical shock), dies at 78
  • 1944 J Verleun, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1944 Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet, dies at 56
  • 1944 Lou Henry Hoover, US First Lady (1929-33) and wife of the 31st President, Herbert Hoover, dies at 69
  • 1948 Raoul Auernheimer, writer, dies
  • 1951 Johanna C H "Nelly" Bodenheim, painter (Luilekkerland), dies at 76
  • 1951 René Guénon, French-Egyptian author (b. 1886)
  • 1955 Arthur Keith, Scottish Anthropologist, dies at 88
  • 1958 Petru Groza, premier/president (Romania, 1945-58), dies at 74
  • 1961 Clarice Baright, 1st woman admitted to American Bar Association, dies at 74
  • 1963 Arthur Moore, Premier of Queensland (b. 1876)
  • 1967 David Goodis, American writer (b. 1917)
  • 1968 Prof James Smith, South African ichthyologist (b. 1897)
  • 1972 John Berryman, American poet (The Dream Songs), dies at 57
  • 1974 Charles Alfred Coulson, British chemist (theoretical), dies at 63
  • 1981 Alvar Lidell, UK radio broadcaster (b. 1908)
  • 1981 Eric Robinson, Australian politician (b. 1926)
  • 1982 Eugene Wegmann, Swiss geologist (Le Jura plisse), dies at 85
  • 1983 August Cool, Belgian trade union leader, dies at 79
  • 1984 Alfred Kastler, French physicist (Nobel 1966 - Hertzian resonances within atoms), dies at 81
  • 1986 Juan Rulfo, writer, dies
  • 1986 Philip D. Eastman, American children's book writer and illustrator (b. 1909)

Person of interestHirohito

1989 Emperor Hirohito of Japan (1922-89) dies at 87 after a 62-year reign

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
  • 1990 Gail Lucas, entertainer, dies
  • 1992 Jhean Burton, entertainer, dies
  • 1993 Robert Cowan, CEO (Highlands & Islands Enterprises), dies at 60
  • 1994 Lewis Boddington, aerospace Engineer, dies at 85
  • 1994 Lynn Blessing, vibes player, dies at 65
  • 1994 Phoumi Vongvichit, President of Laos (1986-91), dies
  • 1995 Viktor Vorobyov, Russian general-major, dies in battle
  • 1995 Murray Rothbard, American economist (b. 1926)
  • 1996 James Holland, English artist and exhibition organiser, dies at 90
  • 1996 Károly Grósz, Hungarian communist politician, dies at 65
  • 1996 Robley D Evans, nuclear physicist, dies at 88
  • 1996 Seton Howard Frederick Lloyd, English Archaeologist, dies at 93
  • 1996 Tarō Okamoto, Japanese avant-garde artist (b. 1911)
  • 1997 Desmond Flower, English publisher, dies at 89
  • 1998 Vladimir Prelog, Croatian-Swiss organic chemist (Nobel 1975), dies at 91
  • 1998 Richard Hamming, American Mathematician and Computer Scientist (Hamming code), dies of a heat attack at 82
  • 2001 Frederick Baldwin Adams Jr., American librarian and director of the Pierpont Morgan Library, dies at 90
  • 2004 Oswald Garrison Villard Jr., American Engineer (over-the-horizon radar), dies of pneumonia at 87
  • 2005 Pierre Daninos, French novelist (b. 1913)
  • 2005 Eileen Desmond, Irish politician (b. 1932)
  • 2006 Heinrich Harrer, Austrian mountaineer and author (Seven Years in Tibet), dies at 93
  • 2008 Alwyn Schlebusch, South African vice state president (b. 1917)
  • 2012 Ibrahim Aslan, Egyptian author, dies from heart failure at 77
  • 2013 Fred L. Turner, American businessman (CEO of McDonalds, 1977-2004), dies from complications of pneumonia at 80

Person of interestStéphane Charbonnier

2015 Stéphane Charbonnier [Charb], French cartoonist and editor of the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, dies in a terrorist attack at 47

  • 2015 Jean Cabut [Cabu], French caricaturist (Charlie Hebdo), killed in terrorist attack on Charlie Hebdo's office in Paris at 76
  • 2016 André Courrèges, French fashion designer, dies at 92

Person of interestMário Soares

2017 Mário Soares, 17th President of Portugal (1986-96) and Prime Minister (1976-78 and 1983-85), dies after falling into a coma at 92

President of Portugal Mário Soares
President of Portugal
Mário Soares