On This Day

On This Day in History for January 8

Events in History

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

871 Battle of Ashdown: Ethelred I of Wessex and his brother Alfred the Great beat invading Danish army

King of the Anglo-Saxons and King of Wessex Alfred the Great
King of the Anglo-Saxons and King of Wessex
Alfred the Great
  • 1198 Lotario di Segni elected Pope Innocentius III
  • 1214 Earl Ferrand of Flanders drops ties with France
  • 1297 Monaco gains its independence.
  • 1558 French troops under Duc de Guise occupy Calais
  • 1598 Jews are expelled from Genoa, Italy

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1610 Simon Marius. a German astronomer, independently discovers the first three moons of Jupiter one day after Galileo

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1656 Oldest surviving commercial newspaper begins (Haarlem, Netherlands)
  • 1675 1st American commercial corporation chartered (NY Fishing Co)
  • 1708 Spanish armada headed by the San Jose and loaded with gold sunk after British squadron attacks off coast of Colombia (rediscovered 2015)
  • 1716 Amsterdam gang leader and thief "Sjako" arrested
  • 1745 Britain, Austria, Netherlands & Saxony sign anti-Prussian Quadruple Alliance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1746 "Bonnie Prince Charlie", Prince Charles Edward Stuart's troops occupy Stirling, Scotland [NS=Jan 19]

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1760 Comet C/1760 A1 (Great comet) approaches within 0.0682 AUs of Earth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1790 1st US President George Washington delivers 1st state of the union address

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1798 11th Amendment ratified, judicial powers construed
  • 1800 Austrians defeat French in Second Battle of Novi
  • 1800 Wild Boy of Aveyron (approx.12) discovered in southern France after possibly 7 years in the wild, later christened Victor of Aveyron
  • 1806 Battle of Blaauwberg: British forces attack French vassal, the Batavian Republic near Cape Town, modern day South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1806 Lewis and Clark find skeleton of 105' blue whale in Oregon

Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition Meriwether Lewis
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
Meriwether Lewis
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
William Clark
  • 1811 Louisiana slave revolt by Charles Deslondes at German Coast
  • 1815 Battle of New Orleans (War of 1812); the war had ended on 24th December 1814 but none of the combatants knew

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1816 Sophie Germain is the first woman to win a prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences for her paper on elasticity

Mathematician Sophie Germain
Sophie Germain
  • 1835 US national debt is $0 for the first and only time in history
  • 1838 Rebellion at Amherstburg, Ontario breaks out
  • 1842 Dutch King Willem II charters Technical College Delft
  • 1848 Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
  • 1853 1st US bronze equestrian statue (of Andrew Jackson) unveiled, Washington
  • 1856 Dr John A Veatch discovers borax, Tuscan Springs, California
  • 1857 Dion Boucicauly's "Poor of NY" premieres in NYC
  • 1863 American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 African American men granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C. despite President Andrew Johnson's veto

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1870 US mint at Carson City, Nevada begins issuing coins

BattleBattle of Interest

1877 Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain (Montana Territory).

Native American War Leader Crazy Horse
Native American War Leader
Crazy Horse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1878 Secret meeting of King Leopold II's agent & Henry Morton Stanley

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1884 Chrome tanning process for leather patented by Augustus Schultz
  • 1889 Dr Herman Hollerith receives 1st US patent for a mechanical tabulating machine
  • 1894 Columbus World's fair in Chicago destroyed by fire
  • 1897 Michael Eagan wins 1st US national amateur handball championship
  • 1901 New South Wales score 918 all out vs South Australia in 560 minutes
  • 1902 1st National Bowling Championship held (Chicago, Illinois)
  • 1902 The United Irish League, a leading force for unification in all Ireland and independence from Britain, holds its convention in Dublin

A Crackdown on Lovers in New YorkA Crackdown on Lovers in New York

1902 New York state assemblyman Francis G. ​Landon gets a bill passed to criminalize men turning around on a street and "looking at a woman in that way"

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Mulberry Street, Lower East Side in the 1900s. In the jostling streets of New York, men had to be careful.
Mulberry Street, Lower East Side in the 1900s. In the jostling streets of New York, men had to be careful.
Read Article
  • 1904 Pope Pius X banned low cut dresses in the presence of churchmen
  • 1906 A landslide in Haverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people.
  • 1912 Chiefs, representatives of people's and church organisations, and other prominent individuals form the African National Congress and declare its aim to bring all Africans together as one people to defend their rights and freedoms
  • 1916 WWI: ANZAC forces withdraw from the Gallipoli Peninsula after Ottoman forces successfully defend access to Constantinople
  • 1917 Austria-Hungarian troops conquer Forlani Italy

USAProhibition is Ratified

1918 Mississippi becomes 1st state to ratify the 18th Amendment to the US Constitution, authorizing the prohibition of alcohol

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The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which established prohibition
The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which established prohibition
Learn More

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 US President Woodrow Wilson outlines his Fourteen Points for peace after the Great War

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1923 Typography strike in Amsterdam
  • 1925 1st all-female US state supreme court appointed, Texas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud becomes King of Nejd and Hejaz; forerunner of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1929 1st telephone connection between Netherlands & West-Indies
  • 1929 "Man with a Movie Camera", Soviet experimental documentary film directed by Dziga Vertov, is released
  • 1932 Ratification of present SF City Charter
  • 1934 Jaap Speyers "Bluejackets" premieres in Amsterdam
  • 1935 Spectrophotometer patented, AC Hardy
  • 1937 -50°F (-45.6°C), San Jacinto, Nevada (state record)
  • 1940 Britain's 1st WW II rationing (bacon, butter & sugar)
  • 1942 British Air Marshal Richard Peirse replaced as Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Bomber Command
  • 1945 "Youth for Christ" organizes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 General George Marshall becomes US Secretary of State

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Queen Wilhelmina signs death sentence against Ans van Dijk for treason

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • 1951 Thought extinct since 1615, a Cahow (the Bermuda petrel) is rediscovered in Bermuda
  • 1952 Jordan adopts constitution
  • 1953 Indians bar night games with Browns (who refuse to share TV receipts)
  • 1953 René Mayer forms French government
  • 1956 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Conrad Aiken
  • 1956 Operation Auca: Five U.S. missionaries are killed by the Huaorani of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them.
  • 1958 Cuban revolutionary forces capture Havana

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Charles de Gaulle inaugurated as president of France's 5th Republic

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1961 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Yvor Winters
  • 1961 The French vote for Algerian independence from French rule in the wake of seven years of guerrilla war
  • 1962 Dutch express train crashes into slow commuter train, 93 die (Neth)
  • 1963 "Mona Lisa", on loan, unveiled in America's National Gallery of Art

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson declares "War on Poverty"

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1965 Senator Everett Dirksen introduces a bill to make marigold the American natonal flower (it does not pass)
  • 1965 Star of India returned to American Museum of Natural History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Georges Pompidou re-appointed French Prime Minister and forms new government

French President Georges Pompidou
French President
Georges Pompidou

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Jacques Cousteau's 1st undersea special on US network TV

Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist Jacques Cousteau
Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist
Jacques Cousteau

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill travels to Dublin to meet with Irish Prime Minister Jack Lynch to continue discussions on matters of joint interest to the two governments

Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill
Northern Ireland Prime Minister
Terence O'Neill
Taoiseach Jack Lynch
Jack Lynch
  • 1971 29 pilot whales beach themselves & die at San Clemente Island, California
  • 1971 Voyageurs National Park, Minn, established
  • 1973 Secret peace talks between US & North Vietnam resumed near Paris
  • 1973 USSR launches Luna 21 for Moon landing
  • 1973 Judge Sirica begins the trial of the Watergate burglars in Washington, D.C.
  • 1974 Gold hits record $126.50 an ounce in London
  • 1974 Silver hits record $3.40 an ounce in New York

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Judge John Sirica orders release of Watergate's John W. Dean III, Herbert W. Kalmbach and Jeb Stuart Magruder from prison

US Federal Judge John Sirica
US Federal Judge
John Sirica
  • 1976 Franklin Mint strikes 1st gold coins for Netherlands Antilles
  • 1978 Israeli government votes to 'strengthen' settlements in occupied Sinai

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1978 Harvey Milk becomes the 1st openly gay person elected to public office in California

American Politician Harvey Milk
American Politician
Harvey Milk
  • 1979 512 die as oil tanker Bantry Bay blows up
  • 1979 Argentina & Chile sign Beagle Canal accord
  • 1979 Today Show gets a new theme song
  • 1979 Vietnamese troops overtook Khmer Rouge & occupy Phnom Penh
  • 1981 India all out 63 in one-day international v Australia
  • 1981 Reds become last team to sign a free agent (Larry Biitner)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Isabel Allende begins a letter to her dying grandfather that will become her first novel "The House of the Spirits"

Birthdays in History

  • 1037 Su Shi [Zizhan], Chinese poet, artist and important figure in Song Dynasty politics, born in Meishan, Sichuan, Northern Song Dynasty (d. 1101)
  • 1556 Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai daimyō, born in Echigo Province (d. 1623)
  • 1583 Simon Episcopius, Dutch theologian, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1643)
  • 1587 Johannes Fabricius, Danish astronomer (discovered sunspots), born in East Frisia, Germany (d. 1616)
  • 1589 Ivan Gundulić, Dalmatisch writer (Dubravka), born in Dubrovnik, Republic of Ragusa (d. 1638)
  • 1601 Baltasar Gracián, Spanish writer, born in Belmonte de Calatayud (d. 1658)
  • 1628 François‑Henri de Montmorency, duc de Luxembourg, French general, born in Paris, France (d. 1695)
  • 1632 Samuel von Pufendorf, German jurist, born in Zwönitz, Germany (d. 1694)
  • 1635 Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero, Spanish cardinal archbishop, born in Palma del Río, Spain (d. 1709)
  • 1735 John Carroll, American Roman Catholic archbishop, born in Upper Marlboro, Maryland (d. 1815)
  • 1742 Philip Astley, English 'Father of the Modern Circus', born in Newcastle-under-Lyme, England (d. 1814)
  • 1763 Edmond Charles Genêt, French diplomat, born in Versailles, France (d. 1834)
  • 1767 Abraham de Veer, Dutch governor-general of Suriname (1822-28), born in Curaçao (d. 1838)
  • 1786 Nicholas Biddle, American financier, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1844)
  • 1788 Archduke Rudolph of Austria, Austrian clergyman & noble, born in Florence, Tuscany (d. 1831)
  • 1788 Pavel Kiselyov, Russian general & politician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1874)
  • 1791 Jacob Collamer, American politician (Sen-Vt), born in Troy, New York (d. 1865)

Person of interestGeorge Childress

1804 George Childress, American lawyer & statesman (author of Texas Declaration of Independence), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1841)

Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence George Childress
Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence
George Childress
  • 1805 John Bigler, American politician, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (d. 1871)
  • 1805 Orson Hyde, American religious leader, born in Oxford, Connecticut (d. 1878)
  • 1815 George Webb Morell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Cooperstown, New York (d. 1883)
  • 1815 Lawrence Pike Graham, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Amelia County, Virginia (d. 1905)
  • 1817 John Selden Roane, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1867)
  • 1817 Sir Theophilus Shepstone, South African statesman, born in England, United Kingdom (d. 1893)

Person of interestJames Longstreet

1821 James Longstreet, American Confederate general (1st Corps, ANV), born in Edgefield, South Carolina (d. 1904)

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet

Person of interestAlfred Russel Wallace

1823 Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist, explorer and co-discoverer of evolution through natural selection, born in Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales (d. 1913)

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • 1824 [William] Wilkie Collins, English writer (Woman in White), born in London (d. 1889)
  • 1824 Francisco González Bocanegra, Mexican poet, born in San Luis Potosi, Mexico (d. 1861)
  • 1830 Gouverneur Kemble Warren, American civil engineer and Major General (Union Army), born in Cold Spring, New York (d. 1882)
  • 1836 Fanny Jackson Coppin, African-American educator & missionary, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1913)
  • 1836 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch/British painter/husband of Laura Epps
  • 1843 Frederick Abberline, British police investigator (d. 1929)
  • 1843 John H. Moffitt, American politician (d. 1926)
  • 1852 James Milton Carroll, American pastor and author (d. 1931)
  • 1860 Nancy Jones, US African American missionary in Africa
  • 1862 Frank Nelson Doubleday, publisher/founder (Doubleday & Co)
  • 1864 Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (d. 1892)
  • 1866 William G. Conley, American politician (d. 1940)
  • 1867 Emily Green Balch, American sociologist/feminist/pacifist (Nobel 1946)
  • 1868 Frank Watson Dyson, English astronomer, proved Einstein right about light bent by gravity, born in Measham, England (d. 1939)
  • 1870 Miguel Primo de Rivera Orbaneja, dictator of Spain (1923-30)
  • 1871 James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, Irish unionist politician and the first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (1921-1940), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1940)
  • 1873 Iuliu Maniu, Romanian politician (d. 1953)
  • 1873 Elena of Montenegro, queen of Italy (d. 1956)
  • 1881 Henrik Shipstead, American politician (d. 1960)
  • 1883 Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (d. 1941)
  • 1883 Patrick J. Hurley, United States Secretary of War (d. 1963)
  • 1885 John Curtin, Victoria, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1941-45), born in Creswick, Colony of Victoria (d. 1945)
  • 1885 A. J. Muste, Dutch pacifist and activist (d. 1967)
  • 1886 Noble Drew Ali [Timothy Drew], prophet (Moorish Science Temple), born in North Carolina
  • 1888 Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (d. 1972)
  • 1890 Sandor Rado, Hungarian/US psycho analyst
  • 1891 Bronislava Nijinska, ballet choreographer
  • 1891 Walter Bothe, German subatomic particle physicist (Nobel 1954)
  • 1891 Storm Jameson, English writer (d. 1986)
  • 1894 St Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr (d. 1941)
  • 1896 Manuel Rojas Sepulveda, Chile, writer (Men of the South)
  • 1896 Arthur Ford, American psychic (d. 1971)
  • 1897 Dennis Wheatley, British author (d. 1977)
  • 1899 S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike, 4th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (1956-59), born in Colombo, British Ceylon (d. 1959)
  • 1901 Edmond Vandercammen, French-Belgian painter and poet (Grand Combat), born in Ohain, Belgium (d. 1980)
  • 1902 Carl R[ansom] Rogers, American psychologist (Client-Centered Therapy)

Person of interestGeorgy Malenkov

1902 Georgy Malenkov, Soviet leader who was briefly leader of the Soviet Union after Stalin's death (1953-55), born in Orenburg, Russian Empire (d. 1988)

Soviet Leader Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Leader
Georgy Malenkov
  • 1904 Peter Arno, American cartoonist (New Yorker), born in NYC, New York
  • 1904 Karl Brandt, Alsacian Nazi war criminal (d. 1948)
  • 1905 Carl Gustav Hempel, German writer & philosopher, born in Oranienburg, Germany (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Jan A H J S Bruins Slot, Dutch founder illegal Trouw/MP (ARP)
  • 1909 Evelyn Wood, American educator (d. 1995)
  • 1917 Peter Taylor, American novelist, born in Trenton, Tennessee (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Herta Bothe, Nazi concentration camp guard, born in Teterow, Germany
  • 1923 Joseph Weizenbaum, German-American computer scientist & professor, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2008)
  • 1924 Kim Dae Jung, 8th President of South Korea (1998-2003) and 2000 Nobel Peace Prize 2000 laureate, born in Hauido, South Korea (d. 2009)
  • 1925 James Saunders, English playwright (Ark), born in Islington, London (d. 2004)
  • 1925 Helmuth Hubener, German activist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1942)
  • 1927 Charles Tomlinson, British poet & translator, born in Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Gaston Miron, Quebec poet & editor, born in Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, Canada (d. 1996)
  • 1933 Jean-Marie Straub, French director (Chronicle of Anna Magdalena Bach), born in Metz, France
  • 1934 Piet Dankert, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Stiens, Netherlands (d. 2003)
  • 1934 Alexandra Ripley, American writer, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 2004)
  • 1935 Jesse Garon Presley, American stillborn twin brother of Elvis Presley, born in Tupelo, Mississippi (d. 1935)
  • 1936 Ferdinand Hartzenberg, South African Minister of Education (1979-82), born in Lichtenburg, South Africa
  • 1936 Robert May, Baron May of Oxford, Australian-born British scientist, born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1941 Boris Vallejo, Peruvian illustrator, born in Lima, Peru

Person of interestStephen Hawking

1942 Stephen Hawking, English physicist (Black Holes & Baby Universes), born in Oxford, England (d. 2018)

Physicist Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking
  • 1942 Vyacheslav Dmitriyevich Zudov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 23), born in Bor, Russia
  • 1942 Junichiro Koizumi, Japanese politician (Prime Minister, 2001–06), born in Yokosuka, Japan
  • 1944 Terry Brooks, American fantasy fiction author (Sword of Shannara), born in Sterling, Illinois
  • 1946 Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, Mexican drug lord (Guadalajara Cartel), born in Culiacán, Mexico
  • 1947 Don Bendell, American author & former Green Beret, born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1947 Samuel Schmid, Swiss politician, born in Rüti bei Büren, Switzerland
  • 1951 Kenny Anthony, Saint Lucian politician, born in Laborie, Saint Lucia
  • 1961 Kazuki Takahashi, Japanese creator of Yu-Gi-Oh, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1964 Marc Quinn, English artist (Alison Lapper Pregnant), born in London, England
  • 1979 Sequoyah, chimpanzee (son of Washoe)

Person of interestKim Jong-un

1983 Kim Jong-un, Supreme Leader of North Korea (2011-), born in Pyongyang, North Korea

Supreme Leader and Dictator of North Korea Kim Jong-un
Supreme Leader and Dictator of North Korea
Kim Jong-un

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1811 US Vice President John C. Calhoun (28) weds Floride Bonneau (19)

US Vice President John C. Calhoun
US Vice President
John C. Calhoun
  • 1930 Belgium Princess Marie-Jose marries Italian's crown prince Umberto
  • 2017 "Dancing with the stars" pro Louis Van Amstel (44) weds health coach Joshua Lancaster in Utah

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1499 Louis XII of France after papal divorce marries Anne, Duchess of Brittany to keep duchy for the crown

King of France Louis XII
King of France
Louis XII

Deaths in History

  • 482 Severinus, German monastery founder/saint, dies
  • 1100 Antipope Clement III, Italian archbishop, dies at about 71
  • 1107 Edgar of Scotland (b. 1074)
  • 1198 Pope Celestine III [Giacinto Bobo], Italian pope and friend of Peter Abélard, reigned 1191-98, dies at about 91

Person of interestMarco Polo

1324 Marco Polo, Venetian explorer (The Travels of Marco Polo), dies at 69

Explorer Marco Polo
Marco Polo
  • 1336 Giotto di Bondone, Italian Proto-Renaissance painter (Scrovegni Chapel), dies at about 71
  • 1456 St. Laurence Justinian [Lorenzo Giustiniani], Italian catholic bishop and 1st Patriarch of Venice, dies at 74
  • 1464 Thomas Ebendorfer, Austrian historian (b. 1385)
  • 1557 Albert the Warlike, Prince of Bayreuth, dies at 34
  • 1570 Philibert de l'Orme, French royal architect (Château de Chenonceau), dies at about 55
  • 1598 Johan Georg, Elector of Brandenburg (1571-91), dies at 72

Person of interestGalileo Galilei

1642 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer who has been called the father of science, dies at 77

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1707 John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair, Scottish politician (b. 1648)
  • 1711 Philips van Almonde, Zealand lt admiral, dies at 66
  • 1775 John Baskerville, English printer/type designer, dies at 68
  • 1790 John Stinstra, Dutch baptist vicar, dies at 81
  • 1794 Justus Möser, German statesman and writer, dies at 73
  • 1796 Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, French revolutionary and President of the National Convention, dies at 46
  • 1808 Messenger, horse that sired many great trotters, dies
  • 1811 Friedrich Nicolai, writer, dies
  • 1811 Samuel Story, Dutch rear admiral (Battle of Kamperduin), dies at 58
  • 1815 Edward Pakenham, Engl general (Battle of New Orleans), dies in battle

Person of interestEli Whitney

1825 Eli Whitney, American inventor (Cotton Gin), dies of prostate cancer at 59

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • 1842 Viscount Pierre Cambronne, French General during the wars of the Revolution and the Napoleonic Era, dies at 71
  • 1854 William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician, dies at 85
  • 1859 Antoine GB Schayes, Belgian historian/archaeologist, dies at 50
  • 1865 Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general and statesman, dies at 85
  • 1874 Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian, dies at 59

Person of interestEmperor Norton

1880 Emperor Norton [Joshua Abraham Norton], British born self proclaimed "Norton I, Emperor of the United States", dies at 60

Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton
Emperor of the USA
Emperor Norton
  • 1892 John Heykamp, old-catholic archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 67
  • 1894 Pierre-Joseph van Beneden, paleont (life of tapeworms), dies at 84
  • 1896 William Rainey Marshall, Governor of Minnesota (b. 1825)
  • 1896 Paul Verlaine, French poet (b. 1844)
  • 1901 John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, dies during the Second Boer War at 27
  • 1907 Theodoor Verstraete, Flemish painter/etcher, dies at 57
  • 1916 Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (b. 1884)
  • 1918 Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (b. 1827)
  • 1919 Peter Altenberg, writer, dies at 59
  • 1922 Charles R Young, colonel, dies at 58, in Lagos Nigeria
  • 1932 Eurosia Fabris, Italian Catholic (model of holiness in the daily life of a Catholic family), dies at 65
  • 1934 Alexandre Stavisky, French swindler, dies
  • 1934 Andrei Bely [Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev], Russian writer (Petersburg), dies at 53
  • 1938 Johnny Gruelle, American cartoonist, creator of Raggedy Ann and Andy (b. 1880)
  • 1938 Christian Rohlfs, German painter and artist, dies at 88

Person of interestRobert Baden-Powell

1941 Robert Baden-Powell, British founder of the Boy Scout movement, dies at 83

Founder of Scouts Robert Baden-Powell
Founder of Scouts
Robert Baden-Powell
  • 1942 Joseph Franklin Rutherford, American religious publisher (b. 1869)
  • 1943 Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (The Last Enemy), dies in a crash during a night training at 23
  • 1944 William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1878)
  • 1945 Jac[obus] P. Thijsse, Dutch biologist and educator (Omgang met planten), dies at 79
  • 1945 Karl Krafft, Swiss astrologer who was manipulated by the Nazi regime (b. 1900)

Person of interestDion Fortune

1946 Dion Fortune, British occultist and author dies at 55

Occultist and Author Dion Fortune
Occultist and Author
Dion Fortune
  • 1947 Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general during the Second Polish Republic, dies at 61
  • 1948 Kurt Schwitters, German-British dada-artist and poet (collages), dies at 60
  • 1950 Joseph A Schumpeter, Aus/US economist/Minister of Finance, dies at 66
  • 1950 Joseph Issac Shneerson, Jewish Lubavitch Chabal leader, dies
  • 1952 Antonia Maury, discoverer (supergiant, giant & dwarf stars), dies
  • 1952 Joseph Arendt, Belgian worker's union leader, dies at 66
  • 1953 Admiral Sir Hugh Binney, British naval commander and Governor of Tasmania (b. 1883)
  • 1956 Jim Elliot, American Christian missionary, dies at 28
  • 1958 Mary Colter, American architect and designer (Fred Harvey Company, Santa Fe Railroad), dies at 88
  • 1963 Stark Young, American writer (So Red the Rose), dies at 81
  • 1963 Kay [Katherine Linn] Sage, American artist and poet commits suicide aged 64
  • 1964 Arnoldus JC Krafft, theologist (Atlas of Netherlands Antilles), dies at 71
  • 1964 Julius Raab, Austrian Chancellor (1953-61), dies at 72
  • 1970 Georges Guibourg, French performer (b. 1891)

Person of interestKenneth Patchen

1972 Kenneth Patchen, American writer (See You in the Morning), dies at 60

Poet and Novelist Kenneth Patchen
Poet and Novelist
Kenneth Patchen
  • 1975 Louis J H C A de Bourbon, Dutch writer/poet (Gypsy Blood), dies at 66

Person of interestZhou Enlai

1976 Zhou Enlai, Premier of the People's Republic of China, dies of bladder cancer at 77

Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai
Premier of the People's Republic of China
Zhou Enlai
  • 1976 Robert Forgan, British fascist (b. 1891)
  • 1978 Walter Keirnan, TV panelist (I've Got a Secret), dies at 75
  • 1980 Oscar Ewing, US government official (Everybody's Business), dies at 90
  • 1980 John Mauchly, American physicist (b. 1907)
  • 1981 Matthew Beard, entertainer, dies
  • 1983 Tom McCall, Governor of Oregon (b. 1913)
  • 1983 Gerhard Barkhorn, German fighter pilot (b. 1919)
  • 1986 Yaroslav Seifert, Czech poet (Nobel 1984), dies at 84
  • 1988 Frank Pace Jr, US Secretary of Army (1950-53), dies at 76
  • 1992 Abderrahim Bouabid, Moroccan politician (Socialist Union of Popular Forces) and an opponent of French Imperialism and King Hassan II, dies at 69
  • 1993 Asif Nawaz, Pakistani general, dies
  • 1993 Hakija Turajlic, Bosnian vice-premier, murdered
  • 1994 Lady Caithness, wife of British undersecretary, commits suicide
  • 1994 Sri Chandrashekhara Saraswathi, guru of Kanchi, dies at 99
  • 1995 Carlos Monzon [El Macho], Argentine medium weight boxing champ (1970-77), dies at 52
  • 1995 Joyce McCartan, Irish peace campaigner, dies at 68
21st President of France François Mitterrand
21st President of France
François Mitterrand
  • 1996 Kurt Schmucker, member (Union of Christian Democrats), dies
  • 1997 Melvin Calvin, scientist, dies at 85
  • 1997 Phyllis Hartnoll, writer/editor, dies at 90
  • 1998 Walter Diemer, inventor (bubble gum 1928), dies of heart failure at 93
  • 2002 Alexander Prochorow, Nobel Prize in Physics laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2002 Dave Thomas, American businessman who founded Wendy's Restaurants, dies at 69
  • 2004 John A. Gambling, American radio talk-show host (b. 1930)
  • 2005 Michel Thomas, Polish linguist (b. 1914)
  • 2006 Tony Banks, British politician (Labour), dies after a stroke at 63
  • 2007 Jane Bolin, first African American female judge, dies at 98
  • 2007 Francis Cockfield, British politician (b. 1916)
  • 2007 David Ervine, Northern Irish politician (b. 1953)
  • 2009 Richard John Neuhaus, Canadian-American Christian writer and editor (b. 1936)
  • 2011 John Roll, United States Federal Judge (b.1947)
  • 2011 Vang Pao, charismatic Laotian general who commanded a secret army of his mountain people in a long, losing campaign against Communist insurgents, dies at 81