On This Day

On This Day in History for January 9

Events in History

  • 475 Byzantine Emperor Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople.
  • 1296 Earl Floris V signs accord with French King
  • 1317 Phillips V, the Tall, crowned King of France
  • 1349 700 Jews of Basel Switzerland, burned alive in their houses

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1431 Judges' investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1464 1st meeting of States-General of Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1493 1st sight of manatees by Christopher Columbus

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1522 Adriaan F Boeyens elected only Dutch pope (Adrian VI)
  • 1558 Geneva becomes independent from Berne canton, Switzerland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1570 Tsar Ivan the Terrible kills 1,000-2,000 residents of Novgorod

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • 1718 France declares war on Spain
  • 1760 Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat
  • 1768 Philip Astley stages the world's first modern circus in London

USAConstitution of the United States

1788 Connecticut becomes 5th state to ratify the US constitution

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Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
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  • 1792 Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Jassy
  • 1793 1st hot-air balloon flight in the US lifts off in Philadelphia, piloted by Jean Pierre Blanchard
  • 1793 Dutch Prince Willem V establishes 2 brigades Drive Artillery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1799 British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon

British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1806 Admiral Viscount Horatio Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul's Cathedral, London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Famous PhotoFirst Photograph of a Person

1839 Daguerreotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science

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In the bottom left corner a man can be seen having his shoes shined on the Boulevard du Temple in Paris
In the bottom left corner a man can be seen having his shoes shined on the Boulevard du Temple in Paris
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  • 1839 Thomas Henderson measures 1st stellar parallax (Alpha Centauri)
  • 1847 1st San Francisco newspaper published (California Star)
  • 1848 1st commercial bank in San Francisco established
  • 1848 People's uprising in Palermo, Sicily
  • 1854 Astor Library opens in New York City
  • 1855 Clipper "Guiding Star" disappears in Atlantic, 480 dead
  • 1857 7.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon, California
  • 1858 Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide

Battle of InterestBattle of Fort Sumter

1861 A Union merchant ship, the Star of the West, is fired upon as it tries to deliver supplies to Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina

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The Confederate bombardment of Fort Sumter, the first battle of the American Civil War
The Confederate bombardment of Fort Sumter, the first battle of the American Civil War
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  • 1861 Mississippi secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1862 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe arrives at Victoria Docks, London, England aboard the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1863 -Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post, AR (Ft Hindman)
  • 1866 Fisk University opens in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1868 Last convict ship the Hougoumont arrives in Fremantle, ending 80 years of penal transportation to Australia [1]
  • 1878 Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
  • 1879 Cheyenne prisoners led by Dull Knife revolt at Ft Robinson
  • 1879 Kirland Warbler discovered on Andros Island in Bahamas
  • 1880 6' (1.83 metres) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days
  • 1880 The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow
  • 1894 Georges Feydeau's "Un à la Patte" premieres in Paris
  • 1894 New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
  • 1901 New South Wales (918) defeat South Australia (157 & 156) by innings & 605
  • 1903 Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota, established
  • 1908 Frans Schollaert succeeds De Trooz as premier of Belgium
  • 1908 Muir Woods National Monument, California, established

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1909 Ernest Shackleton as part of the British Nimrod Expedition reaches a record farthest South latitude (88°23' south)

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • 1912 US Marines send troops to Honduras
  • 1915 Exposition (now Civic) Auditorium dedicated in San Francisco
  • 1916 The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of Çanakkale, as the last British troops evacuated
  • 1917 World War I: the Battle of Rafa occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
  • 1922 KQV-AM in Pittsburgh PA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 Rotterdam metalworkers strike ends
  • 1923 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro flight, Spain
  • 1923 Swaraj political party founded in India with Chittaranjan Das as president and Motilal Nehru its secretary
  • 1925 German Postal Minister A Hofle resigns due to corruption
  • 1927 Fire in Laurier Palace cinema in Montreal, 78 children died

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Eugene O'Neill's "Marco Millions" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
  • 1929 KDB-AM in Santa Barbara CA begins radio transmissions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Albert Kahn Associates architectural firm become consulting architects for all industrial construction in the Soviet Union

Architect of Detroit Albert Kahn
Architect of Detroit
Albert Kahn
  • 1933 Amsterdam confectionery worker go on strike against wage reduction
  • 1936 Semi-automatic rifles adopted by US army
  • 1937 Italian regime bans marriages between Italians & Abyssinians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Maxwell Anderson's "High Tor" premieres in NYC

Playwright and Dramatist Maxwell Anderson
Playwright and Dramatist
Maxwell Anderson
  • 1940 2 German officers make emergency landing in Belgium
  • 1940 J Thurber & E Nugent's "Male Animal" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 6,000 Jews murdered in a pogrom in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1941 Maiden flight by Canada's British-built Avro Lancaster military plane
  • 1942 US Joint Chiefs of Staff created
  • 1943 Japanese government in Java limits sale & use of motorcars

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Elizabeth "Betty" Short, the black dahlia, is last seen alive.

Murder victim Elizabeth Short
Murder victim
Elizabeth Short
  • 1951 "Life After Tomorrow", 1st film to receive an "X" rating, premieres
  • 1952 Belgian Pholien government resigns
  • 1953 Korean ferryboat "Chang Tyong-Ho" sank off Pusan killing 249
  • 1954 -87°F (-66°C), Northice Station, Greenland (Greenland record)
  • 1954 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Louise Bogan & Leonie Adams
  • 1956 Abigail Van Buren's [Pauline Phillips] "Dear Abby" advice column 1st appears in newspapers
  • 1956 Samir el-Rifai forms government in Jordan
  • 1957 Checheno-Ingush ASSR reformed in RSFSR
  • 1957 Dutch Newspaper Society expels communist daily paper "Truth"
  • 1957 Kalmyk Autonomous Region reformed in RSFSR
  • 1957 Karachayevo-Cherkess Autonomous Region reestablished in RSFSR
  • 1959 Dam across Tera River in Northwestern Spain collapses after heavy winter rains, killing 135
  • 1959 Pat O'Connor beats Dick Hutton in St Louis, to become NWA champ
  • 1960 Building of Aswan dam in Egypt, begins
  • 1961 Twins agree on $500,000 payment to AA for Minn/St Paul territory
  • 1962 Mister M (Dr X) beats Verne Gagne in Minn, to become NWA champ
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Mao Zedong writes his poem "Reply to Comrade Kuo Mo-jo"

Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1964 Anti-US rioting broke out in Panama Canal Zone
  • 1966 Polish government denies exit visa to Cardinal Wyszynski revisionism
  • 1967 Georgia legislature seats Rep Julian Bond
  • 1968 1st ABA All-Star Game: East 126 beats West 120 at Indiana
  • 1968 Surveyor 7 space probe soft lands on Moon
  • 1969 First trial flight of Concorde supersonic jetliner, Bristol, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Prime Minister of Northern Ireland Terence O'Neill travels to London to meet Home Secretary James Callaghan and brief him on the growing violence in Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill
Northern Ireland Prime Minister
Terence O'Neill
British Prime Minister James Callaghan
British Prime Minister
James Callaghan
  • 1970 Constitution of Singapore enacted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Billionaire Howard Hughes says Clifford Irving's autobiography is a fake

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • 1972 Retired passenger liner Queen Elizabeth destroyed by fire in Hong Kong harbour

Birthdays in History

  • 1554 Gregory XV [Alessandro Ludovisi], pope (1621-23)
  • 1571 Karel Bonaventura Buquoy, French soldier (d. 1621)
  • 1624 Empress Meishō (d. 1696)
  • 1658 Nicolas Coustou, French sculptor (Descente de Croix)
  • 1695 John E Loovens, lawyer
  • 1699 Robert J Pothier, French lawyer
  • 1728 Thomas Warton, critic and poet (Pleasures of Melancholy) British Poet Laureate (1785-90), born in Basingstoke (d. 1790)
  • 1745 Caleb Strong, 6th and 10th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1819)
  • 1773 Cassandra Austen, English watercolorist and sister of Jane Austen (d. 1845)
  • 1803 Christopher Gustavus Memminger, Secy Treas (Confederacy) (d. 1888)
  • 1811 Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (d. 1856)
  • 1816 John Palmer Usher, Secretary of the Interior under Lincoln during US Civil War (1863-1865), born in Brookfield, New York (d. 1889)
  • 1819 James Francis, Premier of Victoria (d. 1884)
  • 1822 John Porter Hatch, volunteers Bvt Major General (Union), (d. 1901)
  • 1829 Adolf von Schlagintweit, German explorer (Tarimbekken)
  • 1829 Thomas William Robertson, England, playwright (Caste)
  • 1832 Esquire Maurits A de Savornin Lohman, Dutch governor of Suriname
  • 1832 Félix-Gabriel Marchand, journalist, author and politician, Premier of Quebec (d. 1900)
  • 1848 Princess Frederica of Hanover (d. 1926)
  • 1854 Jennie Jerome, American society beauty and mother of Winston Churchill (d. 1921)
  • 1856 Anton Askerc, Slavic priest/poet (Primoz Trubar)
  • 1856 Lizette Woodworth Reese, American poet (Branch of May, Tears)
  • 1857 Henry B Fuller, American writer (Under the Skylights)
  • 1859 Carrie Chapman Catt, American women's suffrage leader and founder (League of Women Voters), born in Ripon, Wisconsin (d. 1947)
  • 1859 Frederik Pijper, Dutch vicar/church historian (The Monasteries)
  • 1864 Vladimir Steklov, Russian mathematician (d. 1926)
  • 1866 Albert Baertsoen, Flemish painter/etcher
  • 1868 S. P. L. Sørensen, Danish chemist (d. 1939)
  • 1870 Joseph B Strauss, civil engineer/builder (Golden Gate Bridge)
  • 1873 Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Jewish poet, born in Radi, Volhynia, (d. 1934)
  • 1875 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American sculptor and art patron (founder of the Whitney Museum of American Art NYC), born in NYC, New York (d. 1942)
  • 1876 Hans Bethge, German poet, born in Dessau (d. 1946)
  • 1878 John Broadus Watson, Travelers Rest South Carolina, American Psychologist (behaviorism approach)
  • 1881 Giovanni Papini, Italian writer (Il Diavolo)
  • 1881 Lascelles Abercrombie, English poet/critic (Revaluations)
  • 1881 Edouard Beaupré, horse lifter (d. 1904)
  • 1890 Karel Čapek, Czech writer, playwright and critic (R.U.R.); coined the word "robot", born in Malé Svatoňovice, Hungary (d. 1938)
  • 1890 Kurt Tucholsky, German journalist/writer (Panther Tiger & Co)
  • 1891 August Gailit, Estonia, writer (Ekke Moor)
  • 1892 Eva Bowring, American politician (d. 1985)
  • 1894 Henryk Stazewski, Polish abstract painter and graphic artist
  • 1897 Karl Löwith, German philosopher, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1973)
  • 1898 Wally Baker, American supercentenarian
  • 1900 Richard Halliburton, American adventurer (presumed dead 1939), born in Brownsville, Tennessee (d. 1939)
  • 1901 Chic Young, American cartoonist (Blondie), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1973)
  • 1903 Hem Vejakorn, Thai illustrator, born in Bangkok, Thailand (d. 1969)

Person of interestSimone de Beauvoir

1908 Simone de Beauvoir, French author & feminist (The Mandarins, The Second Sex), born in Paris, France (d. 1986)

  • 1911 Richard Selwyn Francis Schiling, British professor of occupational health, born in Kessingland, Suffolk (d. 1997)
  • 1911 Stafford WIlliam Somerfield, British newspaper editor, born in Barnstaple, Somerfield (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Ralph Tubbs, British architect, born in Hadley Wood, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Peter John Norton, British navy officer, born in Germiston, South Africa (d. 2004)
  • 1916 Alain Bernardin, French impresario (Crazy Horse Saloon), born in Dijon, France (d. 1994)
  • 1916 Peter Twinn, English World War II code-breaker, born in Streatham, London (d. 2004)
  • 1920 Chan Canasta, Polish-British magician, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar & medical researcher, born in New Delhi, India (d. 1998)
  • 1922 Har Gobind Khorana, Indian-American biochemist (Nobel 1968), born in Raipur, Punjab, British India (d. 2011)
  • 1922 Ahmed Sékou Touré, first President of Guinea (1958-84), born in Faranah, Guinea (d. 1984)
  • 1925 Abdelhamid ben Hadouga, Algerian writer, born in Mansoura, Algeria (d. 1996)
  • 1926 Jean-Pierre Côté, Canadian politician, Lieutenant governor of Quebec (d. 2002)
  • 1928 Fernand J St Germain, American politician (Rep-D-RI, 1961- ), born in Blackstone, Massachusetts (d. 2014)
  • 1928 Judith Krantz, Jewish-American novelist (Scruples, Princess Daisy, Dazzle), born in NYC, New York
  • 1929 Heiner Muller, German dramatist, born in Eppendorf, Germany (d. 1995)
  • 1929 Brian Friel, Irish dramatist "Irish Chekhov" (Dancing at Lughnasa), born in Omagh, County Tyrone (d. 2015)
  • 1929 Dorothea Puente, American serial killer, born in Redlands, California (d. 2011)
  • 1931 Algis Budrys, Lithuanian-American sci-fi author (Man of Earth), born in Kaliningrad, Russia (d. 2008)
  • 1933 Robert Garcia, American politician hit by Wedtech scandal (Rep-D-NY, 1978-83), born on Roosevelt Island, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1933 Sonia Garmers, Curaçao writer (Dear Queen), born in Curaçao
  • 1933 Wilbur Smith, Zambian novelist (War Cry, River God), born in Kabwe, Zambia
  • 1935 Earl G. Graves, Sr., American businessman & publisher, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1935 Brian Harradine, Australian politician, born in Quorn, Australia (d. 2014)
  • 1936 Anne Rivers Siddons, American writer, born in Fairburn, Georgia
  • 1937 Klaus Schlesinger, German writer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2001)
  • 1938 Aad Kosto, Dutch Labour Party politician who had his house blown up in a failed assassination attempt, born in Oegstgeest, Netherlands
  • 1940 Ruth Dreifuss, Swiss politician, born in St. Gallen, Switzerland
  • 1941 Gilles Vaillancourt, Canadian politician, born in Laval-des-Rapides, Quebec
  • 1942 Lee Kun-hee, Korean business magnate & chairman of Samsung Group, born in Uiryeong County, South Korea
  • 1943 Robert Drewe, Australian author, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1943 Elmer MacFadyen, Canadian politician, born in Charlottetown, Canada (d. 2007)
  • 1944 Ian Hornak, American artist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2002)
  • 1947 Ronnie Landfield, American abstract painter, born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1948 Paul King, English rocker (Blue Oyster Cult), born in Dagenham, Essex
  • 1950 Alec Jeffreys, British geneticist (developed techniques for DNA fingerprinting), born in Oxford, England
  • 1952 Eva Leonie "Eveline" Herfkens, Dutch civil servant, diplomat, and politician (PvdA), born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1952 Hugh Bayley, British politician, born in Maidenhead, United Kingdom
  • 1953 Morris Gleitzman, British-Australian children's author, born in Sleaford, United Kingdom
  • 1955 Michiko Kakutani, American literary critic, born in New Haven, Connecticut
  • 1956 Mike Walczewski, American public address announcer
  • 1958 Mehmet Ali Ağca, Turkish attempted assassin of Pope John Paul II, born in Hekimhan, Turkey
  • 1958 Stephen Neale, British philosopher, born in England
  • 1959 Rigoberta Menchú, K'iche' political activist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1992), born in Chimel, Guatemala
  • 1963 Michael Everson, Irish-American expert in writing systems and Unicode, born in Norristown, Pennsylvania
  • 1971 MF Doom [Daniel Dumile], American hip hop artist, born in London, United Kingdom [1]
  • 1971 Hal Niedzviecki, Canadian novelist & cultural critic, born in Brockville, Canada
  • 1971 Yusuke Naora, Japanese game art director, born in Shimane Prefecture, Japan
  • 1975 Kimberley Ann Scott [Kim Mathers], Former wife of Eminem, born in Warren, Michigan
  • 1977 Beth Troutman, American production assistant, born in Concord, North Carolina

Person of interestKate Middleton

1982 Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge [Kate Middleton], English wife of Crown Prince William, born in Reading, Berksire

Wife of Prince William Kate Middleton
Wife of Prince William
Kate Middleton

Weddings in History

  • 1428 Pope Martinus V declares Jacqueline, Countess of Haintaut's marriage to Humphrey Duke of Gloucester invalid
  • 1988 English earl of St Andrews marries Sylvana Tomaselli

Deaths in History

  • 1150 Emperor Xizong of Jin was murdered by Prince Hailing of Jin in a Coup d'état.
  • 1282 Abû 'Uthmân Sa'îd Hakam al Qurashi, ruler of Minorca (b. 1204)
  • 1283 Wen Tianxiang, Prime Minister of China and scholar-general in the last years of the Southern Song Dynasty, executed at 46
  • 1499 Johan Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg (1486-99), dies at 43
  • 1514 Anna, Duchess of Brittany, queen of Charles VIII of France (b. 1477)
  • 1543 Guillaume du Bellay, French diplomat and general (b. 1491)
  • 1562 Amago Haruhisa, Japanese samurai and warlord, dies at 46
  • 1571 Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon, French naval officer (b. 1510)
  • 1598 Jasper Heywood, English translator (b. 1553)
  • 1653 John Haynes, 5th Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, dies at 58
  • 1677 Aernout "Aert" van der Neer, cartoonist/landscape painter, dies at 73
  • 1757 Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters (b. 1657)
  • 1757 Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician, dies at 68
  • 1766 Thomas Birch, British historian (b. 1705)
  • 1798 Pedro Pablo Abarca d Bolea earl of Aranda, Spanish officer, dies at 79
  • 1799 Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian scientist (b. 1718)
  • 1800 Jean Étienne Championnet, French general (b. 1762)
  • 1805 Noble Wimberly Jones, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • 1828 Pieter 't Hoen, Dutch journalist and patriot (Neder-Rhijn), dies at 83
  • 1843 William Hedley, British industrial engineer (b. 1773)
  • 1848 Caroline Herschel, German-born pioneering female astronomer (comet 35P/Herschel-Rigolle), dies at 97
  • 1849 Jan Kops, Dutch agriculturist/vicar, dies at 83
  • 1853 Juan Nicasio Gallego, Spanish poet and interpreter (El dos de Mayo), dies at 75
  • 1858 Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas commits suicide at 59

Person of interestNapoleon III

1873 Napoleon III, Emperor of France (1852-70), dies at 64

Emperor of France Napoleon III
Emperor of France
Napoleon III
  • 1876 Samuel Gridley Howe, United States physician, abolitionist, and an advocate of education for the blind, dies at 74
  • 1877 Alexander Brullov, Russia painter (b. 1799)

Person of interestVictor Emmanuel II

1878 Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia (1849-61) and Italy (1861-78), dies at 57

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
  • 1879 Don Joaquin BF Espartero, fieldmarshall/viceroy of Navarra, dies at 86
  • 1893 Mohara, Arab ivory/slave trader, dies in battle & is eaten
  • 1895 Aaron Lufkin Dennison, American watch manufacturer (b. 1812)
  • 1901 Richard Copley Christie, English scholar (b. 1830)
  • 1902 Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns, Belgian lawyer/Interior minister, dies at 66
  • 1907 Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, Queen of Hanover, dies at 88
  • 1908 Abraham Goldfaden, Russian-born Jewish poet and playwright (Shulamis), dies at 67
  • 1908 Wilhelm Busch, German poet, dies at 75
  • 1911 Edvard Rusjan, Slovene flight pioneer (b. 1886)
  • 1918 Émile Reynaud, French scientist (b. 1844)

Person of interestKatherine Mansfield

1923 Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand short story writer (The Garden Party), dies of tuberculosis at 34

Short story writer Katherine Mansfield
Short story writer
Katherine Mansfield
  • 1927 Houston Stewart Chamberlain, British-German philosopher (wrote works about political philosophy and natural science), dies at 71
  • 1929 Heiner Muller, writer, dies
  • 1930 Edward W Buck, Dutch/US editor (Ladies Home Journal), dies at 66
  • 1931 Claude Anet [Jean Schopfer], French writer (La fille perdue), dies at 62
  • 1941 Ko Boezeman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies
  • 1943 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain), dies at 53
  • 1945 Jüri Uluots, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1890)
  • 1946 Countee Cullen, African American poet of the Harlem Renaissance (Black Christ, One Way to Heaven), dies at 42
  • 1947 Karl Mannheim, German sociologist (Diagnosis of Our Time), dies at 53
  • 1947 Lambertus Zijl, Dutch sculptor (Merchant Exchange-Amsterdam), dies at 80
  • 1958 Paul Fechter, German writer (Der Zauberer Gottes), dies at 77
  • 1958 Willis Rodney Whitney, American Chemist, founder of the General Electric research laboratory, and pioneer of industrial scientific research, dies at 89
  • 1960 Elsie J. Oxenham, British children's author (Abbey Series), dies at 79
  • 1961 Emily Greene Balch, American writer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1867)
  • 1964 Halide Edib Adevar/Salih, Turkish feminist (Handan), dies at about 80

Person of interestAlbert Stevens

1966 Albert Stevens, an American patient in secret medical trials who survived the highest known radiation dose in a human, dies of heart disease at 79

Human Medical Subject Albert Stevens
Human Medical Subject
Albert Stevens
  • 1972 Ted Shawn, US dancer, dies at 80
  • 1975 Pyotr Sergeyevich Novikov, Russian mathematician (group theory), dies at 73
  • 1979 Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian engineer and architect (Nuove Struttura), dies at 87
  • 1984 Wolfgang Staudte, German director (Ciske de Rat), dies at 77
  • 1985 Robert Mayer, German-born businessman and philanthropist, dies at 105
  • 1990 Sir Edward McTiernan, Australian jurist, lawyer and politician (b. 1892)
  • 1992 Bill Naughton [William John Francis Naughton], English playwright (Alfie), dies at 81
  • 1993 Felix Grucci, fireworks expert, dies of Alzheimer's disease at 87
  • 1993 Sir Paul Hasluck, Governor-General of Australia (b. 1905)
  • 1995 Souphanouvong, President of Laos (1975-87), dies at 85
  • 1996 Kurt Schmucker, German RFA minister of Economy (1963-66), dies
  • 1996 Michael Lynn Synar, politician, dies at 45
  • 1997 Edward Osobka-Morawski, prime minister of Poland (1945-47), dies
  • 1997 Junaidu ibn Buhari, scholar, dies at 90
  • 1998 Kenichi Fukui, Japanese Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1981) dies at 79
  • 2000 Nigel Tranter, Scottish historian and author (b. 1909)
  • 2000 Arnold Hall, British aeronautical engineer, dies at 84
  • 2001 Maurice Prather, American photographer (b. 1926)
  • 2001 Paul Vanden Boeynants, Prime Minister of Belgium (1966-68, 1978-79), dies at 81
  • 2004 Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher (b. 1909)
  • 2008 William Quinn, Irish Republican Army soldier (b. 1950)
  • 2008 Mehran Ghassemi, Iranian journalist (b. 1977)
  • 2008 John Harvey-Jones, English businessman and chairman of ICI (1982-87), dies at 83
  • 2009 T. Llew Jones, Welsh author (b. 1915)
  • 2012 Malam Bacai Sanhá, President of Guinea-Bissau, dies of diabetes at 64
  • 2012 William Roll, German poltergeist researcher and parapsychologist (The Poltergeist, Unsolved Mysteries), dies at 85
  • 2013 James M. Buchanan, American economist (Nobel Memorial 1986), dies at 93
  • 2014 Dale T. Mortensen, American economist and Nobel laureate, dies at 74
  • 2017 Zygmunt Bauman, Polish-born sociologist (Modernity and the Holocaust), dies at 91
  • 2017 Warren Allen Smith, American gay rights activist and writer, dies at 95
  • 2018 Odvar Nordli, 21st Prime Minister of Norway (Labour: 1976-81), dies at 90
  • 2019 Joseph Howze, American Roman Catholic bishop, 1st African American Bishop to be appointed in 20th century, dies at 95
  • 2020 Roscoe Nance, American sportswriter (USA Today; Mississippi’s first African American sportswriter at mainstream newspaper), dies at 71
  • 2021 Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov, Russian physicist, dies at 101