On This Day

On This Day in History for July 1

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 259

  • 69 Batavian nobleman Gaius Julius Civilis proclaimed emperor of Syria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

69 Roman General Vespasian is first proclaimed Emperor by troops in Egypt, during year of the four emperors

Roman Emperor Vespasian
Roman Emperor

BattleBattle of Interest

70 Roman General Titus and his forces set up battering rams to assault the walls of Jerusalem

Roman Emperor Titus
Roman Emperor
  • 251 The Battle of Abrittus in the Balkans won by the Goths against the Romans. Roman Emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed
  • 649 Pope Martinus I elected to succeed Theodore I
  • 1097 1st Crusaders defeat Sultan Kilidj Arslan of Nicea
  • 1200 In China, sunglasses are invented
  • 1233 Earl Otto II van Gelre grants Arnhem state justice
  • 1252 King Alfonso X 'the Wise', King of Castile & Leon crowned
  • 1253 Battle at Westkapelle-Floris the Guardian beats Gwijde van Dampierre
  • 1347 Engagement of Count Louis of Male to Margaretha, daughter of Jan III
  • 1390 French and Genuese armada sails out against barbarian pirates
  • 1517 1st burning of Protestants at the stake in the Netherlands
  • 1517 Inquisitor Adrian Boeyens (pope Adrianus VI) becomes cardinal
  • 1535 Sir Thomas More goes on trial in England charged with treason
  • 1543 England & Scotland sign peace treaty of Greenwich

  • 1569 Latvian Parliament accepts Union of Lublin, incorporate into Poland
  • 1600 Prince Maurits' army occupies Newport Flanders Netherlands
  • 1674 Spain, France & Netherlands form Triple Alliance
  • 1689 Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu, Japan

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1690 Army of Protestant King William III defeats deposed Roman Catholic King James II in Battle of Boyne in Ireland

King of England William III
King of England
William III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1698 Congregation of Notre Dame of Montreal founded by Marguerite Bourgeoys canonically constituted a community

First Canadian Saint Marguerite Bourgeoys
First Canadian Saint
Marguerite Bourgeoys

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1745 Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlie's frigate Doutelle [OS]

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1747 Battle at Lafeld: France force beats British and Dutch army in Belgium during the Austrian War of Succession

USAUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 1st vote on Declaration of Independence for Britain's North American colonies

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Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
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  • 1782 American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia
  • 1795 John Rutledge becomes 2nd chief justice of US Supreme Court

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1798 Napoleon's fleet reaches Alexandria, Egypt

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1810 Louis Napoleon abdicates as king of the Netherlands
  • 1816 French frigate Medusa wrecked; basis of Géricault's painting "Raft of the Medusa"
  • 1820 1st edition of newspaper "Courrier de la Meuse" published in the Netherlands
  • 1823 9th US Postmaster General: John McLean of Ohio takes office
  • 1823 United Provinces of Central America gain independence from Mexico
  • 1831 Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 US President Andrew Jackson announces to Congress bequest by James Smithson of 100,000 gold sovereigns to found institution in Washington.

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1839 Abdul-Medjid succeeds Mahmud II as Sultan of Turkey

  • 1847 1st US postage stamps go on sale, 5 cent Franklin and 10 cent Washington, NYC
  • 1850 At least 626 ships lie at anchor around San Francisco Bay
  • 1858 1st Canadian coins minted (1, 5, 10 and 20 cent)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1858 The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • 1859 Balloon covers a record 809 miles over St Louis
  • 1861 1st public schoolhouse opens at Washington and Mason St, San Francisco
  • 1861 US War Department decrees that Kansas and Tennessee are to be canvassed for volunteers
  • 1862 Battle at Booneville Mississippi: Confederate superior power driven out
  • 1862 Battle of Malvern Hill [Poindexter's Farm], day 7 of 7 days battles, Union forces repel Confederate attack, Tactical Union victory (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Alexander II of Russia grants Jews right to publish books

Tsar of Russia Alexander II
Tsar of Russia
Alexander II
  • 1862 US Internal Revenue Law imposes 1st federal taxes on inheritance, tobacco and on incomes over $600 (progressive rate)
  • 1862 The Russian State Library is founded in Moscow
  • 1863 -2] Battle at Baltimore: Crump's Crossroads Virginia
  • 1863 Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania; Lee's northward advance halted
  • 1863 Free city delivery of mail begins in 49 US cities; postage 3 cents per oz
  • 1863 Slavery abolished in Suriname and Dutch Antilles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 The Dominion of Canada is formed, comprising the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario & Quebec, with John A. Macdonald serving as the first Prime Minister

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • 1869 Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed
  • 1869 US mint at Carson City, Nevada opens
  • 1870 James W. Smith of South Carolina is one of 1st African Americans to attend West Point

  • 1871 The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 Henry Ossian Flipper of Georgia enters West Point Military Academy

Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper
Soldier and Former Slave
Henry Ossian Flipper
  • 1873 Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province
  • 1874 Dutch 1st Chamber accepts law governing child labor in factories
  • 1874 1st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
  • 1874 1st zoo in the United States opens in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1875 Universal Postal Union comes into effect after established in the Bern treaty, to organize international mail services
  • 1877 1st edition of "Amsterdammer" published
  • 1878 Canada joins the Universal Postal Union
  • 1879 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
  • 1879 Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower
  • 1881 1st international telephone conversation, Calais, Maine to St Stephen, New Brunswick
  • 1881 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri opens
  • 1881 General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army's organisation, comes into effect
  • 1883 ANWB forms in Utrecht, the Netherlands
  • 1885 The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 Frederick Douglass named US Minister to Haiti

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • 1889 US mint at Carson City, Nevada reopens
  • 1890 Great Britain and Germany sign Zanzibar-Helgoland Treaty
  • 1890 Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable

  • 1896 Harbor of Ymuiden opens in the Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Wilfrid Laurier sworn in as 1st French speaking Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • 1897 Bronx acquires Hutton Square

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1899 Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels
  • 1899 San Francisco City Hall turned over to city, after 29 years of building
  • 1902 Ranji (230) & Newham (153) add 344 for 7th wkt, Sussex v Essex
  • 1902 US Congress passes the Philippines Government Act, providing that the Philippines be governed by a commission appointed by the President, with consent from the senate; Filipinos are to be treated as citizens of their land, no the USA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Albert Einstein introduces his theory of special relativity

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1907 The Orange River Colony, known as the Orange Free State, is granted self-government by the British
  • 1908 "SOS" (· · · – – – · · ·) distress signal becomes the worldwide standard for help
  • 1910 Union of South Africa becomes a dominion
  • 1911 Proclamation removes "Dei Gratia" (by the Grace of God) from Canadian coins
  • 1911 The German gunboat 'Panther' arrives off Agadir allegedly to protect German interests and nationals in Morocco
  • 1913 Serbia and Greece declare war on Bulgaria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 General J. B. M. Hertzog founds the Free State National Party

South African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog
South African Premier
J. B. M. Hertzog
  • 1915 Australia begins Commonwealth Lighthouse Service
  • 1915 Australian Survey Corps becomes part of Military Forces
  • 1916 British court martial for the Easter uprising
  • 1916 Coca-Cola brings current coke formula to the market
  • 1916 1st of 4 fatal Jersey Shore shark attacks occur at Beach Haven when Charles Vansant (25) bled to death, challenging previous scientific belief that sharks never hurt humans, and sparking popular fear over sharks which persists today

Five Miles of Mud Costs a Million CasualtiesFive Miles of Mud Costs a Million Casualties

1916 First day of the Battle of the Somme: the British Army suffers its worst day, losing 19,240 men (WWI)

Read Article
Over the top: Thousands of British soldiers scrambled out of their trenches and were dead within minutes
Over the top: Thousands of British soldiers scrambled out of their trenches and were dead within minutes
Read Article
  • 1917 257cm-mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory mounted
  • 1917 Race riots in East St Louis, Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed)

Birthdays in History

  • 1381 St. Laurence Justinian [Lorenzo Giustiniani], Italian catholic bishop and 1st Patriarch of Venice, born in Venice, Republic of Venice (d. 1456)

Person of interestChristian II

1481 Christian II, King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, born in Nyborg Castle, Denmark (d. 1559)

King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway Christian II
King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway
Christian II
  • 1506 Louis II, King of Hungary and Bohemia (1516-26), born in Buda, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1526)
  • 1511 Hadrianus Junius [Adriaen de Jonghe], Dutch physician, historian and humanist, born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1575)
  • 1534 Frederick II, King of Denmark and Norway (1559-88), born in Haderslevhus Castle, Haderslev, Denmark (d. 1588)
  • 1560 Charles III de Croÿ, Prince of Chimay and Duke of Aarschot, born in Beaumont, Hainaut (d. 1612)
  • 1574 Joseph Hall, English bishop and writer (Virgidemiarum: Six Books), born in Ashby-de-la-Zouch, England (d. 1656)
  • 1633 Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian, born in Bäretswil, Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1698)

Person of interestGottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

1646 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German mathematician and philosopher (differential and integral calculus), born in Leipzig, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1716)

Philosopher and Mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Philosopher and Mathematician
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
  • 1723 Pedro Rodríguez de Campomanes y Pérez, 1st Count of Campomanes, Spanish economist and literary, born in Tineo, Asturias, Kingdom of Spain (d. 1803)

Person of interestComte de Rochambeau

1725 Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, Comte de Rochambeau, French Military Leader (commander of the French Expeditionary Force that assisted the Thirteen Colonies), born in Vendôme, France (d. 1807)

Military Leader Comte de Rochambeau
Military Leader
Comte de Rochambeau
  • 1742 Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German physicist and writer (types of Lichtenberg), born in Ober-Ramstadt, Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1799)
  • 1780 Carl von Clausewitz, Prussian general and strategist, born in Burg bei Magdeburg, Prussia (d. 1831)
  • 1788 Jean-Victor Poncelet, French mathematician and engineer who was one of the founders of modern projective geometry, born in Metz, France (d. 1867)
  • 1802 Gideon Welles, 24th U.S. secretary of the navy under presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, born in Glastonbury, Connecticut (d. 1878)
  • 1804 George Sand [Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dudevant], French novelist (Valentine, Le Figaro), born in Paris, France (d. 1876)
  • 1807 Thomas Green Clemson, American politician and founder of Clemson University, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1888)
  • 1812 Willem J d'Ablaing van Giessenburg, Dutch genealogist and heraldicus
  • 1818 Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian physician who discovered the cause of puerperal (childbed) fever and introduced antisepsis into medical practice, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1865)
  • 1833 Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert, Bvt Major General (Union Army), born in Georgetown, Delaware (d. 1880)
  • 1834 Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1908)
  • 1840 Robert Stawell Ball, Irish mathematician and astronomer (Ball Screw), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1913)
  • 1844 Verney Lovett Cameron, English explorer (Tanganyika), born in Radipole, Dorset, England (d. 1894)
  • 1863 William Grant Stairs, Canadian-British explorer and adventurer who had a leading role in two of the most controversial expeditions in the history of the colonisation of Africa, born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1892)
  • 1869 William Strunk Jr., American grammarian and author (The Elements of Style), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1946)
  • 1872 Louis Blériot, French aviator and 1st man to fly an airplane across English Channel, born in Cambrai, France (d. 1936)
  • 1879 Leon Jouhaux, French socialist and co-founder UN's ILO (Nobel 1951), born in Paris (d. 1954)
  • 1881 Piet[er] L. Kramer, Influential Dutch architect (Amsterdam School), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1961)
  • 1883 Arthur Borton, English soldier and recipient of the Victoria Cross, born in Cheveney, Kent (d. 1933)
  • 1892 James M. Cain, American novelist (Postman Always Rings Twice), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1977)
  • 1893 Walter Francis White, American civil rights activist who led the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1955)
  • 1899 Henry "Indiana" Jones Jr, fictional character "Indiana Jones"
  • 1899 Konstantinos Tsatsos, Greek politician and 2nd President of Greece (1975-1980), born in Athens, Greece (d. 1987)
  • 1901 Sylvia Mary Paget Chancellor, English philanthropist (Prisoners' Wives Service), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1902 José Luis Sert, Spanish-American architect and urban developer, born in Barcelona (d. 1983)

Person of interestAmy Johnson

1903 Amy Johnson, British pilot, first female pilot to fly alone Britain to Australia, born in Kingston upon Hull, England (d. 1941)

Aviator Amy Johnson
Amy Johnson
  • 1904 Mary Calderone, American physician and founder (planned parenthood), born in NYC, New York (d. 1998)

Person of interestEstée Lauder

1906 Estée Lauder [Josephine Esther Mentzer], American entrepreneur (Estée Lauder cosmetics), born in Corona, Queens, New York City (d. 2004)

Cosmetics Company Founder Estée Lauder
Cosmetics Company Founder
Estée Lauder
  • 1908 Paul Hardy, Belgian writer (Best of Painted Furniture)
  • 1909 Juan Carlos Onetti, Uruguayan novelist (La vida breve), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1994)
  • 1909 Madge Evans, American TV panelist (Masquerade Party), born in NYC, New York (d. 1981)
  • 1911 Sergey Sokolov, Soviet marshal and Minister of Defence of the Soviet Union (1984-87), born in Yevpatoria, Russian Empire (d. 2012)
  • 1912 Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr, Iraqi fieldmarshal and President of Iraq (1968-79), born in Tikrit, Ottoman Empire (d. 1982)
  • 1912 David Brower, American environmentalist and president (Sierra Club), born in Berkeley, California (d. 2000)
  • 1912 Sally Kirkland, American fashion editor (Vogue magazine) and manager (Lord & Taylor), born in El Reno, Canadian County, Oklahoma (d. 1989)
  • 1913 Jo Sinclair [Ruth Seid], American writer (Wasteland), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Jean Stafford, American writer (Pulitzer Prize 1970-The Collected Stories of Jean Stafford), born in Covina, California (d. 1979)
  • 1915 Joseph Ransohoff, American neurosurgeon and pioneer in the modern neurosurgery, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 2001)
  • 1921 Seretse Khama, 1st President of Botswana (1966-80), born in Serowe, Botswana (d. 1980)
  • 1926 Robert Fogel, American economic historian (Nobel Prize 1993), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1926 Carl Hahn, German automotive executive (Volkswagen Group), born in Chemnitz, Saxony, Germany
  • 1927 Chandra Shekhar, Indian politician, 8th Prime Minister of India (1990-91), born in Ibrahimpatti, British India (d. 2007)
  • 1929 Gerald Edelman, American biochemist (Nobel 1972), born in Ozone Park, New York (d. 2014)
  • 1930 Andreas JAI Bruggeman, Dutch mayor (Schipluiden/Leiderdorp)
  • 1930 Margaret A. Brewer, American soldier and first female General officer in US Marine Corps, born in Durand, Michigan (d. 2013)
  • 1931 Leslie Caron, French-American actress (Gigi, Father Goose), born in Boulogne-Biliancourt, Seine
  • 1932 Ze'ev Schiff, Israeli journalist and military correspondent for Haaretz, born in Lille, France (d. 2007)
  • 1937 Ebrahim Ismail Ebrahim, South African ANCer and Umkhonto we Sizwe-leader, born in Durban, South Africa
  • 1939 Charles Floyd Hatcher, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia), born in Doerun, Georgia
  • 1941 Alfred G. Gilman, American scientist (1994 Nobel laureate for G-protein discoveries), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2015)
  • 1941 Myron Scholes, Canadian-American financial economist (Nobel 1997), born in Timmins, Ontario
  • 1942 William Carney, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1948 Wang Qishan, Chinese Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, born in Qingdao, Shandong
  • 1950 David Duke, American white nationalist politician and K.K.K. member, born in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • 1953 Henry Percy, 11th duke of Northumberland and godchild of Elizabeth II (d. 1995)
  • 1954 Chip Hanauer, American hydroplane racer (world champion 1982), born in Seattle, Washington

Person of interestLi Keqiang

1955 Li Keqiang, Chinese Premier of the State Council and China's head of government, born in Dingyuan County, Anhui Province

Premier of China Li Keqiang
Premier of China
Li Keqiang
  • 1957 Grant Dalton, New Zealand sailor (Whitbread Round the World, American's Cup), born in Auckland, New Zealand

Person of interestDiana Spencer

1961 Diana Spencer, English Princess of Wales, born in Sandringham, England (d. 1997)

Princess of Wales Diana Spencer
Princess of Wales
Diana Spencer
  • 1961 Kalpana Chawla, American astronaut (STS 87) and the first woman of Indian descent to go to space, born in Karnal, East Punjab, India (d. 2003)
  • 1963 Edward Tsang Lu, American physicist and NASA astronaut (STS 84), born in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1977 Jessica Meir, American NASA astronaut and marine biologist, born in Caribou, Maine
  • 1979 Forrest Griffin, American mixed martial artist, born in Columbus, Ohio
  • 1981 Tadhg Kennelly, Irish-born Australian Rules footballer, (County Kerry 2009, Sydney Swans 2005 championships), born in Listowel, Ireland

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1900 Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand (36) weds countess Sophie Chotek (32) in Reichstadt, Bohemia

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand

LoveWedding of Interest

1902 British admiral John Jellicoe (42) weds Gwendoline Cayzer at Holy Trinity in London

British Admiral of the Fleet John Jellicoe
British Admiral of the Fleet
John Jellicoe

LoveWedding of Interest

1916 Dwight Eisenhower marries Mary `Mamie' Geneva Doud in Denver, Colorado

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1982 Over 2000 Unification Church couples marry at NYC Madison Square Garden
  • 1995 Crown Prince of Greece and the oldest son of the deposed King Constantine of Greece, Pavlos (28) weds Robert W. Miller's daughter Marie-Chantal Miller (26) at London's Cathedral of Saint Sophia
  • 1995 Princess Stephanie of Monaco (30) weds her bodyguard Daniel Ducruet (31) in a civil ceremony in Monaco

Deaths in History

  • 251 Decius, Roman Emperor (249-251), 1st Roman Emperor to be killed by a foreign enemy, dies in the Battle of Abritus at about 50 (b. 201)
  • 251 Herennius Etruscus, joint Roman Emperor with his father Decius, dies fighting in the Battle of Abritus (b. ca. 227)
  • 868 Ali al-Hadi, 10th Shia Imam, dies at 39
  • 1109 Alfonso VI, King of Castile and Leon (conquered Toledo) (b. c. 1040)
  • 1277 Baibars, Mameluk sultan of Egypt (b. 1223)
  • 1378 Jan I V van Arkel, bishop of Utrecht/Luik, dies
  • 1523 Hendrik Voes, Flemish priest and church reformer, burned at stake
  • 1523 John of Esschen, Flemish priest and church reformer, burned at stake
  • 1589 Christophe Plantin, French/Belgian book publisher, dies
  • 1614 Isaac Casaubon, French-born classical scholar (b. 1559)
  • 1622 William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle, English peer and politician who helped stop the Gunpowder Plot, dies at around 47
  • 1627 Nathaniel Bacon, English painter, dies at 41
  • 1681 Oliver Plunkett, Catholic Archbishop of Armagh and last Catholic martyr (later beatified) to die in England, hanged, drawn and quartered for treason at Tyburn at 55
  • 1708 Emperor Tekle Haymanot I of Ethiopia (b. 1706)
  • 1723 Willem van de Pose, Governor of Cape Colony (1699-1797), dies at about 59
  • 1736 Ahmed III, 23rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1703-30), dies at 62
  • 1774 Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English corrupt politician (Chiswick), dies at 68
  • 1776 Francis Salvador, 1st Jew to die in American Revolutionary War

Person of interestCharles Watson-Wentworth

1782 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquis of Rockingham, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1765-66, 1782), dies in an influenza epidemic at 52

British Prime Minister Charles Watson-Wentworth
British Prime Minister
Charles Watson-Wentworth
  • 1819 Jemima Wilkinson [Publick Universal Friend], American preacher, founded Universal Friends sect, dies at 66
  • 1839 Mahmud II, Sultan of Turkey (1808-39), dies at 53
  • 1847 George F Kersting, German painter, dies at 61

Person of interestCharles Goodyear

1860 Charles Goodyear, American chemist and manufacturing engineer who invented the vulcanization process for rubber, dies at 59

Chemist and Inventor Charles Goodyear
Chemist and Inventor
Charles Goodyear
  • 1863 John Fulton Reynolds, Union general-major, dies in battle at 42
  • 1876 Mikhail Bakunin, Russian revolutionary anarchist, dies at 62
  • 1877 William Henry Davenport, American stage magician, claimed to be a spirit medium, dies at 36
  • 1885 Hermann von Fehling, German chemist (Fehling's reagens), dies at 73
  • 1894 Julius van Zuylen van Nyevelt, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs, dies at 77
  • 1894 Allan Pinkerton, American private detective and founder of Chicago detective agency, dies at 64

Person of interestHarriet Beecher Stowe

1896 Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (Uncle Tom's Cabin), dies at 85

Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • 1925 Jan P Veth, Dutch painter/lithographer/art historian, dies at 61
  • 1929 Henry Johnson, American soldier of 369th regiment (aka Harlem Hell Fighters), 1st US WWI soldier to receive the Croix de guerre after fighting a German raid in hand-to-hand combat to rescue a fellow soldier (posthumous Medal of Honour, 2015), dies of myocarditis at 36

Person of interestAlice Mary Robertson

1931 Alice Mary Robertson, American educator, social worker and 2nd woman in US Congress, dies at 77

2nd Woman Elected to Congress and Educator Alice Mary Robertson
2nd Woman Elected to Congress and Educator
Alice Mary Robertson
  • 1939 Louis Davids [Simon David], cabaret performer/chorus performer, dies
  • 1943 Auguste Reitsma, Dutch resistance fighter (census director), executed
  • 1943 C Bakker, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • 1943 C L Barentsen, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • 1943 Coos Hartogh, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • 1943 Cor Roos, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • 1943 Henri Halberstadt, Dutch resistance fighter (census dir), executed
  • 1943 Johan Brouwer, hispanist/writer/Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1943 Koen Limperg, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • 1943 Sam Bloemgarten, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • 1943 Willem Arondeus, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • 1943 Willem Brouwer, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • 1949 Louis Davids [Simon David], cabaret artist, dies at 65
  • 1950 Eliel Saarinen, Finish-American architect (Chicago Tribune building), dies at 76
  • 1953 Azzedine Bey, Tunisian heir to the throne, murdered
  • 1953 Jacob D du Toit [Totius], South African poet/theologist, dies
  • 1958 Apie [Adrian P] Prince, Dutch writer (I Go Me Own Way), dies
  • 1958 Harry Nicholls Holmes, American chemist (crystallized vitamin A), dies at 78
  • 1961 Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (Die Nacht), dies at 67
  • 1963 Camille Chautemps, premier France, dies
  • 1966 Pauline Boty, English artist, dies of cancer at 29

Person of interestJuan Perón

1974 Juan Perón, Argentine military officer and President of Argentina (1946-55, 73-74), dies of a heart attack at 78

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • 1976 Anneliese Michel, German woman said to be possessed by demons (b. 1952)
  • 1978 Kurt Student, German Luftwaffe general (b. 1890)
  • 1980 Charles P. Snow, English novelist (Death Under Sail, Strangers and Brothers) and physical chemist, dies at 74
  • 1981 Carlos de Oliveira, Portuguese writer (b. 1921)
  • 1983 R. Buckminster Fuller, American architect and inventor (geodesic dome), dies at 87
  • 1984 Moshé Feldenkrais, Ukrainian-Israeli engineer and physicist (founder of the Feldenkrais method), dies at 80
  • 1985 Pauli Murray, African American poet and civil rights activist, dies at 74
  • 1990 Jurriaan Schrofer, graphic designer, dies
  • 1991 Joost Baljeu, painter/founder-editor Structure, dies
  • 1992 Francisco Mendes, Guinea-Bissauan politician (b. 1933)
  • 1994 Johanna Ader-Appels, resistance fighter/author, dies
  • 1995 Ronald Farrow, radio producer and priest, dies at 49
  • 1995 Wolfman Jack [Robert Weston Smith], American disk jockey (Midnight Special), dies from a heart attack at 57
  • 1996 Michael Fraser, British Conservative Party political administrator, dies at 80
  • 1996 William T. Cahill, American politician, 46th Governor of New Jersey (1970-74), dies at 84
  • 1997 Joshua Hassan, first Chief Minister of Gibraltar (1964-69, 72-87), dies at 81
  • 1999 Forrest Mars Sr., American candy magnate (Mars, Inc.) dies at 95
  • 2000 Sarah Payne, British murder victim (b. 1992)
  • 2001 Nicolay G. Basov, Soviet physicist who specialized in quantum electronics (laser, maser) and 1964 Nobel laureate, dies at 78
  • 2004 Peter Barnes, English writer (b. 1931)
  • 2009 Onni Palaste, Finnish writer (b. 1917)
  • 2009 Marwa El-Sherbini, Egyptian housewife (b. 1977 or 1976)
  • 2013 William Gray III, American politician, dies from natural causes at 71
  • 2013 William H. Gray III, American politician (Rep-D-PA, 1978-1991), dies at 71
  • 2014 Walter Dean Myers, African-American author, dies at 76
  • 2014 Jean Garon, Quebec economist and politician, dies at 76
  • 2015 Sir Nicholas Winton, English Humanitarian ('British Schindler' - saved 600 children from Nazis), dies at 106
  • 2015 Lawrence Herkimer, American "Grandfather of Cheerleading" (founded National Cheerleading Association, patented the pom-pom), dies at 89
  • 2017 Norman Dorsen, American lawyer, human rights advocate and president of the American Civil Liberties Union, dies of complications from a stroke at 86