On This Day in History for July 10

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 157


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

48 BC Battle of Dyrrhachium: Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia

Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman
Julius Caesar
  • 552 Origin of Armenian calendar
  • 988 The city of Dublin is founded on the banks of the river Liffey
  • 1040 Lady Godiva rides naked on horseback through Coventry, according to legend, to force her husband, the Earl of Mercia, to lower taxes
  • 1212 The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground
  • 1460 Wars of Roses: Richard of York defeats King Henry VI at Northampton

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1520 King Charles V France and King Henry VIII of England sign Treaty of Calais

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1553 Lady Jane Grey, daughter of the Duke of Suffolk, proclaimed Queen of England, succeeds Edward VI, who proclaimed his half-sisters illegitimate. Reigns for nine days.
  • 1568 Battle on Eems: Dutch Water garrison beats Spanish
  • 1584 Spanish army leader Richebourg conquers Liefkenshoek, Belgium
  • 1598 Spanish theater plays "Moros y Los Cristianos" in Rio Grande
  • 1609 Catholic German monarchy forms Catholic League
  • 1627 English fleet under George Villiers reach La Rochelle [NS=June 20]
  • 1629 1st non-Separatist Congregational Church in US founded (Salem, Massachusetts)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1645 Battle at Langport, Somerset: Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army beats Royalists

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1652 England declares war on The Netherlands - beginning of the 1st Anglo-Dutch war
  • 1690 Battle of Beachy Head - French fleet defeat Anglo-Dutch fleet under Cornelis Evertsen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1739 King George II authorises the Admiralty Board to seek maritime reprisals against Spain (War of Jenkin's Ear)

King of Great Britain and Ireland George II
King of Great Britain and Ireland
George II
  • 1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie flees in disguise to Isle of Skye

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Horatio Gates issues order excluding blacks from Continental Army

Military Leader Horatio Gates
Military Leader
Horatio Gates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1778 American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1780 The Comte de Rochambeau and his French force of 7,000 land at Newport, Rhode Island, to join the American Revolutionary War

Military Leader Comte de Rochambeau
Military Leader
Comte de Rochambeau

InventionScientific Discovery

1796 Carl Friedrich Gauss discovers that every positive integer is representable as a sum of at most three triangular numbers

Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss
  • 1800 The British Indian Government establishes the Fort William College to promote Urdu, Hindi and other vernaculars of sub continent
  • 1806 The Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company
  • 1832 President Jackson vetoed legislation to re-charter 2nd Bank of US
  • 1847 Urbain Le Leverrier and John Couch Adams, co-discoverers of Neptune, meet for 1st time at home of John Herschel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1850 Millard Fillmore sworn in as President of US (replacing Taylor)

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President
Millard Fillmore
  • 1861 Lincoln writes to Kentucky's militia and says Union troops will not enter that state
  • 1862 US begins construction of Central Pacific Railroad
  • 1863 Battle of Charleston, South Carolina (Morris Island) [->SEP 06]
  • 1863 Battle of Jackson, Mississippi - captured by federals [->JUL 16]
  • 1866 Indelible pencil patented by Edson P. Clark, Northampton, Massachusetts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 French poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with pistol

  • 1877 The then villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain
  • 1886 George Goldie gets charter for Royal Niger Company
  • 1890 Wyoming becomes 44th state of US (1st with female suffrage)
  • 1892 1st concrete-paved street built (Bellefountaine, Ohio)
  • 1898 Jean-Baptiste Marchands expedition reaches Fashoda at White Hippo
  • 1905 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Technical Hague court
  • 1908 H Kamerlingh Onnes makes helium liquid (-269°C)
  • 1911 105°F (41°C) at North Bridgton, Maine (state record)
  • 1912 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record 5000m (14:36.6)
  • 1913 Romania declares war on Bulgaria
  • 1913 Greenland Ranch, Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (56.7 °C), officially world's highest recorded temperature
  • 1915 British/South African troops march into German SW-Africa
  • 1917 Emma Goldman imprisoned for obstructing draft
  • 1918 Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
  • 1919 Dutch 1st Chamber approves woman suffrage

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1919 US President Woodrow Wilson personally delivers Treaty of Versailles to Senate

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1920 Tris Speaker is stopped at 11 consecutive hits by Tom Zachary

  • 1923 2-pound hailstones kill 23 and many cattle in Rostov, Russia
  • 1923 All non-fascist parties dissolved in Italy
  • 1924 Denmark takes Greenland as Norway ends claim
  • 1924 Railroad worker strike ends in Amsterdam
  • 1925 Jury selection takes place in US John T Scopes evolution trial
  • 1925 USSR's official news agency TASS forms
  • 1925 Meher Baba begins his silence of 44 years. His followers still observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration.
  • 1926 Lake Denmark, New Jersey arsenal explodes, kills 21, $75m damage
  • 1928 Senator Milt Gaston hurls record tying 14-hit shutout
  • 1929 US issues newer, smaller-sized paper currency
  • 1932 Jack Burnett gets 9 hits, Eddie Rommel relieves in 2nd 18-17 victory in 18 as his A's beats Indians in longest relief job
  • 1933 1st police radio system operated, Eastchester Township, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 1st sitting US President to visit South America, FDR in Colombia

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1934 Carl Hubbell strikes out Ruth, Gehrig & Foxx in All star game
  • 1936 109°F (43°C) Cumberland & Frederick, Maryland (state record)
  • 1936 110°F (43°C) at Runyon, New Jersey (state record)
  • 1936 111°F (44°C) Phoenixville, Pennsylvania (state record)
  • 1936 112°F (44°C) at Martinsburg, West Virginia (state record)
  • 1936 New Straits Convention allows Turkish rearmament of Dardanelles
  • 1938 "Yankee Clipper" completes 1st passenger flight over Atlantic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Howard Hughes flies around the world in 91 hours

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • 1940 Battle of Britain begins as Nazi forces attack shipping convoys in the English Channel
  • 1941 Jedwabne Pogrom: massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne, Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Himmler orders sterilization of all Jewish woman in Ravensbruck Camp

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1942 Netherland's government in exile (London) recognizes Soviet Union
  • 1943 6th day of battle at Kursk
  • 1943 US, British and Canadian forces invade Sicily in WW II (Operation Husky)
  • 1944 German submarine U-821 sunk by RAF

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 "Father of Medicare" Tommy Douglas becomes the 7th Premier of Saskatchewan

Father of Medicare Tommy Douglas
Father of Medicare
Tommy Douglas
  • 1945 Admiral Marc Mitscher named chief of US Navy staff
  • 1946 Belgian government of Acker resigns
  • 1947 200 die when train derails and falls into a river in Canton, China
  • 1947 Cleveland Indian Don Black no-hits Philadelphia A's, 3-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor General of Pakistan by then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Clement Attlee

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • 1948 Lydda Airfield captured by Israeli army
  • 1949 1st practical rectangular TV tube announced in Toledo, Ohio
  • 1951 Armistice talks to end Korean conflict began at Kaesong
  • 1953 Pravda reports arrest of Beria [affiliate of imperialist]
  • 1956 650,000 US steel workers go on strike
  • 1956 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1956 Solomon Kalushi Mahlangu, Mamelodi, east of Pretoria, South Africa, a soldier of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), the armed wing of the ANC
  • 1958 1st parking meters installed in England (625 installed)
  • 1958 Ex-king Norodom Sihanoek appointed premier of Cambodia
  • 1960 Belgium sends troops to Congo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Martin Luther King Jr. arrested during demonstration in Georgia

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1962 Telstar, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, launched
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1964 Jesus Alou is 1st Giant in 40 years to get 6 hits in a game
  • 1964 Moïse Tshombé, leader of the Confederation of Tribal Associations of Katanga, becomes Prime Minister of the Congo

Birthdays in History

  • 1419 Emperor Go-Hanazono, 102nd Emperor of Japan (d. 1471)
  • 1452 King James III of Scotland (1460-88), born in Stirling or St Andrews Castles (d. 1488)

Person of interestJohn Calvin

1509 John Calvin [Jehan Cauvin], Protestant religious reformer and theologian (Calvinism), born in Picardy, France (d. 1564)

Protestant Reformer and Theologian John Calvin
Protestant Reformer and Theologian
John Calvin
  • 1517 Odet de Coligny, Cardinal of Châtillon and count of Beauvais, born in Châtillon-Coligny, France (d. 1571)
  • 1592 Pierre d'Hozier, French genealogist, born in Marseille, France (d. 1660)
  • 1614 Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, English royalist statesman, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1686)
  • 1625 Jean Herauld Gourville, French adventurer, born in La Rochefoucauld, France (d. 1703)
  • 1638 David Teniers III, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1685)
  • 1666 John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian, born in Königsberg (d. 1711)
  • 1682 Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg, German Lutheran missionary to India, born in Pulsnitz, Saxony (d. 1719)
  • 1682 Roger Cotes, English mathematician (Newton–Cotes formulas), born in Burbage, Leicestershire, England (d. 1716)
  • 1711 Princess Amelia Sophia of Great Britain, second daughter of King George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach, born in Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover (d. 1783)

Person of interestWilliam Blackstone

1723 William Blackstone, English jurist (Blackstone's Commentaries), born in London, England (d. 1780)

  • 1736 Maria, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, born in St James's, Westminster, Middlesex (d. 1807)
  • 1792 George Mifflin Dallas, American politician (11th Vice President of the United States) and United States Minister to Russia, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1864)
  • 1797 Piet [Petrus Lafras] Uys, South African pioneer (Great Pull), born in Potberg, Swellendam, South Africa (d. 1838)
  • 1804 Emma Smith, Inaugural President of the Women's Relief Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Harmony Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1879)
  • 1808 Solomon Northup, American abolitionist and author (12 Years a Slave), born Minerva, New York (or 10 Jul 1807) (d. 1863)
  • 1809 Friedrich August Quenstedt, German geologist and paleontologist, born in Eisleben, Saxony (d. 1889)
  • 1818 John Stuart Williams, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Mount Sterling, Kentucky (d. 1898)
  • 1820 Andrew Porter, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania (d. 1872)
  • 1821 Christopher Columbus Augur, American Major General (Union Army), born in Kendall, New York (d. 1898)
  • 1824 Rudolf von Bennigsen, German lawyer and politician, born in Lüneburg, Hanover (d. 1902)

Person of interestCamille Pissarro

1830 Camille Pissarro, Danish Antillean and French painter (Impressionism), born in Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas, Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands) (d. 1903)

  • 1832 Alvan Graham Clark, American telescope maker and astronomer (Sirius B), born in Fall River, Massachusetts (d. 1897)
  • 1833 Lucius E. Polk, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Salisbury, North Carolina (d. 1892)
  • 1834 James Abbott McNeill Whistler, American-British painter (Whistler's Mother), born in Lowell, Massachusetts (d. 1903)
  • 1839 Adolphus Busch, German-born American brewer (Anheuser-Busch), born in Mainz, Hesse, Germany (d. 1913)
  • 1852 Alfred von Kiderlen-Wächter, German foreign minister, born in Stuttgart, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1912)

Person of interestNikola Tesla

1856 Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist, electrical engineer and inventor, developed alternating current and the Tesla Coil, born in Smiljan, Austrian Empire (now Croatia) (d. 1943)

Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Nikola Tesla
Electrical and Mechanical Engineer
Nikola Tesla
  • 1865 Johannes "Pa" van der Steur, Dutch missionary and philanthropist (Steurtjes), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1867 Maximilian, Prince of Baden, German chancellor (Oct-Nov 1918), born in Baden-Baden, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1870 Maurice Lugeon, Swiss geologist (nappism), born in Poissy, France (d. 1953)
  • 1871 Marcel Proust, French intellectual and novelist (Remembrance of Things Past), born in Paris, France (d. 1922)
  • 1874 Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor, born in Verkhniye Karakovichi, Russia (d. 1971)
  • 1875 Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator (Bethune-Cookman College) and civil rights leader, born in Maysville, South Carolina (d. 1955)
  • 1879 Harry Nicholls Holmes, American chemist (crystallized vitamin A), born in Fayetteville, Pennsylvania (d. 1958)
  • 1883 Johann Blaskowitz, German general (surrendered at Wageningen), born in Peterswalde, Germany (d. 1948)
  • 1886 John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, British soldier, Field Marshal during WW II, born in London, England (d. 1946)
  • 1888 Giorgio De Chirico, Italian painter (founded the scuola metafisica art movement), born in Volos, Greece (d. 1978)
  • 1888 Toyohiko Kagawa, Japanese Christian-social reformer (Grain of Wheat), born in Kōbe, Japan (d. 1960)
  • 1895 Maarten Pleun Vrij, Dutch lawyer and criminologist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • 1895 Nahum Goldmann, Israeli-Zionist leader (Zionist World Organization), born in Wisznewo, Lithuania (d. 1982)
  • 1896 Thérèse Casgrain, French Canadian politician and senator, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1981)
  • 1897 Lloyd Goodrich, American Arts Museum director, born in Nutley, New Jersey (d. 1987)
  • 1897 Karl Plagge, German officer and Nazi Party member who during World War II used his position as a staff officer in the German Army to employ and protect some 1,240 Jews, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1957)
  • 1897 Jack "Legs" Diamond, American gangster and bootlegger, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1931)
  • 1900 Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk, priest and wonder-worker, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1979)
  • 1902 Günther Weisenborn, German writer and German Resistance fighter, born in Velbert (d. 1969)
  • 1902 Kurt Alder, German chemist (Nobel 1950), born in Königshütte, Upper Silesia (d.1958)
  • 1903 John Wyndham, American sci-fi author (Day of the Triffids), born in Dorridge, Warwickshire, England (d. 1969)
  • 1905 Wolfram Sievers, Nazi physician, born in Hildesheim, Germany (d. 1948)
  • 1909 Donald William Sinclair, co–proprietor of the Gleneagles Hotel and the inspiration for the character Basil Fawlty in Fawlty Towers (d. 1981)
  • 1911 Djuanda Kartawidjaja, 11th and final Prime Minister of Indonesia, born in Tasikmalaya, West Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 1963)
  • 1912 Francis Showering, English brewer, born in Shepton Mallet, Somerset, England (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Salvador Espriu, Spanish poet, born in Santa Coloma de Farners, Spain (d. 1985)
  • 1914 Joe Shuster, Canadian-American cartoonist (co-creator of Superman), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1992)
  • 1917 Reg Smythe, English cartoonist (Andy Capp), born in Hartlepool, County Durham, England (d. 1998)
  • 1920 Owen Chamberlain, American physicist (antiproton, Nobel-1959), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2006)
  • 1921 Harvey Ball, American inventor and designer of a popular smiley graphic picture, born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Earl Hamner Jr., American creator and narrator of TV show "The Waltons", born in Schuyler, Virginia (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Jean Kerr, Irish-American novelist (Please Don't Eat the Daisies), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
  • 1923 G. A. Kulkarni, Indian (Marathi) writer (RamalKhuna), born in Examba, Karnataka (d. 1987)
  • 1923 John Bradley, United States Navy corpsman, one of six who raised flag on top of Mt. Suribachi (see Iwo Jima), born in Antigo, Wisconsin (d. 1994)
  • 1927 David Dinkins, American politician (1st African American Mayor-D- 1990-93), born in NYC, New York
  • 1927 Grigory Barenblatt, Russian mathematician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Moshe Greenberg, American-Israeli Bible scholar, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2010)
  • 1928 Bernard Buffet, French painter (Expressionism), born in Paris (d. 1999)
  • 1929 Winnie Ewing, Scottish lawyer and politician (President of the Scottish National Party), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1931 Alice Munro, Canadian author (Dance of the Happy Shades) and Nobel laureate 2013, born in Wingham, Ontario, Canada
  • 1931 Del Insko, harness racer (toothpick in mouth, 1969 money leader), born in Amboy, Minnesota
  • 1931 Julian May, American sci-fi author (Golden Torc, Magnificat), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Jürgen Becker, German writer, born in Cologne, Germany
  • 1934 Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer, born in Tulsa, Oklahoma (d. 2012)
  • 1936 Barbara B. Kennelly, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1938 Paul Andreu, French architect, born in Gironde, France
  • 1939 Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, Turkish politician, journalist, and educator, born in Zile, Tokat, Turkey (d. 1999)
  • 1940 Dawie [David Jacobus] de Villiers, South African minister of energy, born in Burgersdorp, Cape Province
  • 1940 Tom Farmer, Scottish entrepreneur, born in Leith, Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1941 Pyotr Ilyich Klimuk, Polish cosmonaut (Soyuz 13, 18B, 30), born in Komarovka, Belarus
  • 1941 David G. Hartwell, American editor and anthologist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 2016)
  • 1944 Beaky, rocker (Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich)
  • 1947 John Trevor Key, British photographer (d. 1995)
  • 1950 Prokopis Pavlopoulos, 7th President of Greece, born in Kalamata, Greece
  • 1952 Peter van Heemst, Dutch politician (Labour Party), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 1956 Tom McClintock, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in White Plains, New York
  • 1957 Cindy Sheehan, American anti-war and political activist, born in Inglewood, California
  • 1965 Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark
  • 1976 Brendon Lade, Australian rules footballer
  • 1977 Schapelle Corby, Australian convicted drug smuggler
  • 1977 Vivek Murthy, Vice-Admiral and 19th US Surgeon General (2014-17), born in Hudderfield, UK

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1898 Russian revolutionary Vladimir Ilyich Lenin marries fellow revolutionary Nadezhda "Nadya" Krupskaya in Shushenskoye.

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin

HeartWedding of Interest

1919 Author Aldous Huxley (25) weds epidemiologist Maria Nys in Bellem, Belgium

HeartWedding of Interest

1926 Cuban president Fulgencio Batista (25) weds Elisa Godínez y Gómez (25)

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista

HeartWedding of Interest

1994 Fred Norris (from the Howard Stern Show) marries Allison Furman

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern

Divorces in History

  • 1975 Cher files for divorce from Gregg Allman, 10 days after their marriage

Deaths in History


Person of interestHadrian

138 Hadrian, Roman emperor (117-138), dies at 62

Roman Emperor Hadrian
Roman Emperor
Hadrian
  • 518 Anastasius I Dikoros, [Dyrrhachium/Durazzo], Byzantine emperor, dies
  • 649 Li Shimin, Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China (626-49), dies at 51
  • 983 Benedict IV, Italian Pope (974-83), dies
  • 1086 Knut IV, the Saint, king of Denmark (1080-86), murdered

Person of interestEl Cid

1099 El Cid [Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar], Castilian nobleman and military leader and general strategist, dies at about 59

Spanish National Hero El Cid
Spanish National Hero
El Cid
  • 1103 Erik I Ejegod, the good hearted, King of Denmark (1095-1103), dies
  • 1290 King Ladislaus IV of Hungary (b. 1262)
  • 1460 Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English military leader (b. 1402)
  • 1480 King René I of Naples (b. 1410) last heir of house of Anjou
  • 1535 Jacob Van Campen, Reconstruction bishop, beheaded

Person of interestHenry II

1559 Henry II, King of France (1547-59), dies

King of France Henry II
King of France
Henry II
  • 1573 Willem van Bronkhorst, Brattenburg/Stein/army leader, dies
  • 1584 William I "the Silent" [William of Orange], Earl of Nassau, assassinated at 51 in his home in Delft, Holland, by Balthasar Gérard
  • 1590 Archduke Charles II of Austria (b. 1540)
  • 1621 Karel Bonaventura Buquoy, French soldier (b. 1571)
  • 1653 Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (b. 1600)
  • 1680 Louis Moréri, French encyclopedist (b. 1643)
  • 1683 François-Eudes de Mézeray, French historian (b. 1610)
  • 1686 Ercole Ferrata, Italian sculptor/restauranteur, dies at 76
  • 1686 John Fell, English churchman (b. 1625)
  • 1690 Jan van Brakel, Dutch vice admiral (Chatham), dies in battle at 48
  • 1692 Bridget Bishop, 1st person to be hanged in Salem witch trials Massachusetts USA
  • 1762 Johann F Gronovius, physician/botany, dies at 76
  • 1776 Richard Peters, English-born clergyman (b. 1704)
  • 1806 George Stubbs, British animal painter (Horse Frightened by Lion), dies at 81
  • 1838 Willem earl van Hogendorp, Dutch colonial governor, dies at about 43

Person of interestLouis-Jacques Daguerre

1851 Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (daguerreotype), dies at 63

Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre
  • 1863 Clement Clarke Moore, American Professor and writer ('Twas the Night Before Xmas), dies at 83
  • 1863 Paul Jones Semmes, American businessman and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 48
  • 1875 Henry L. Benning, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 61
  • 1881 Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect (b. 1812)
  • 1889 Julia Gardiner Tyler, 2nd wife of President John Tyler (1841-45), dies at 69
  • 1902 Albert, King of Saxony (1873-1902), dies at 74
  • 1908 Eliza Laurillard, Dutch vicar, poet and writer, dies at 78
  • 1910 Johann G Galle, German discoverer of Neptune by telescope, dies
  • 1915 Hendrik W Mesdag, painter (Panorama Mesdag), dies
  • 1920 Eugénie de Montijo, Emperor of France (1853-71), dies at 94
  • 1920 John A "Jacky" Kilverston, adm/designer (dreadnought), dies at 79
  • 1920 Jackie Fisher, British admiral (b. 1841)
  • 1924 Johannes B van Heutsz, gov-gen of Dutch Indies (1904-09), dies at 73
  • 1927 Kevin O'Higgins, Irish Free State VP, assassinated
  • 1937 Johan[nes] B Schepers, Fries writer (Braga), dies at 71
  • 1954 Calogero Vizzini, Sicilian mafioso (b. 1877)
  • 1955 Henry W Methorst, Dutch director (Central Bureau of Statistic), dies
  • 1957 Sholem Asch, Polish-Jewish novelist and playwright (East River, Three Cities), dies at 77
  • 1965 Jacques Audiberti, French poet (Le cavalier seul), dies at 66
  • 1971 Harry M O'Connor, dies of pneumonia at 98
  • 1971 Mohamed Madbouh, Moroccan general/putschist, shot to death
  • 1975 Achiel H van Acker, Belgian premier (1945-46, 1954-58), dies at 77
  • 1981 Ken Rex McElroy, American resident of Skidmore, Missouri known as "the town bully", murdered at 47 in an unsolved killing in front of a crowd of 30-46 in Skidmore's main street
  • 1982 Gustav MR von Koenigswald, German/Dutch paleontologist, dies at 79
  • 1985 Fernando Pereira, military activist, murdered
  • 1990 Hans Faverey, poet, dies
  • 1990 Irene Champlin, dies after long illness at 59
  • 1991 Gerome Ragal, author (Hair), dies of cancer at 48
  • 1992 Albert Pierrepoint, last and longest serving British executioner (est. 433-608 executed), dies at 87
  • 1993 Masugi Ibuse, Japanese author (Kuroi ame (Black rain)), dies at 95
  • 1993 Ruth Krauss, author (Carrot Seed), dies at 91
  • 1994 Earl Strum, referee (NBA), dies of brain cancer at 66
  • 1995 Hugh Dundas, fighter pilot/businessman, dies at 74
  • 1996 Eladio Rusconi, writer/publisher/businessman, dies at 79
  • 2000 Vakkom Majeed, Indian Freedom fighter, Travancore-Cochin Legislative member (b. 1909)
  • 2002 Jean-Pierre Côté, French Canadian politician and Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (b. 1926)
  • 2003 Winston Graham, English writer (b. 1908)
  • 2003 Hartley Shawcross, British prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials (b. 1902)
  • 2003 Bishnu Maden, Nepalese politician
  • 2005 A. J. Quinnell [Philip Nicholson], English writer (Man on Fire), dies at 65
  • 2005 Freda Wright-Sorce, American radio performer (b. 1955)
  • 2005 Jimmy Franklin and Bobby Younkin, airshow performers
  • 2006 Shamil Basayev, Chechen rebel (b. 1965)
  • 2007 Abdul Rashid Ghazi, radical Pakistani cleric (b. 1951)
  • 2007 Doug Marlette, American cartoonist (b. 1949)
  • 2007 Zheng Xiaoyu, director of the State Food and Drug Administration of the People's Republic of China (b. 1944)
  • 2008 Hiroaki Aoki, founder of Benihana (b. 1938)
  • 2017 Betty Dukes, American Walmart employee who fought against gender discrimination (2001 Betty Dukes v. Walmart lawsuit) dies at 67
  • 2018 Cliff Downey, Canadian politician (MP, 1968–1972), dies at 89