On This Day

On This Day in History for July 12

Events in History

  • 526 St Felix IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 927 King Aethelstan is the first southern English king to gain control of much of the north of Britain when various local kings accept his overlordship at Eamont, Cumbria
  • 1109 Crusaders capture Syria's harbor city of Tripoli

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1191 English King Richard I the Lionheart and Crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1442 King Alfonso V of Aragon becomes King of Naples

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1537 Battle of Albancay: Diego de Almagro defeated by army led by Alonso de Alvarado on behalf of Francisco Pizarro

Conquistador Diego de Almagro
Diego de Almagro
Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro
  • 1542 French troops under Maarten van Rossem occupy Flanders
  • 1549 Kett's uprising occupies Norwich, England
  • 1561 "Trinity Church" (now Saint Basil's Cathedral) is consecrated in Moscow, Russia
  • 1580 Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1627 English fleet under George Villiers lands on the Rhe [NS=June 22]

Courtier and Statesman George Villiers
Courtier and Statesman
George Villiers
  • 1630 New Amsterdam's governor buys Gull Island from Indians for cargo, renames it Oyster Island, later known as Ellis Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1679 Britain's King Charles II ratifies Habeas Corpus Act allowing prisoners right to be imprisoned to be examined by a court

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1690 Battle of Boyne: in Ireland, Protestant King William III defeats English Catholic King James II

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • 1691 Antonio Pignatelli elected as Pope Innocentius XII
  • 1691 Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) Ireland, William III beats James II

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1700 Gelderland accepts Gregorian calendar; yesterday is June 30, 1700

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Read Article
  • 1704 Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes king of part of Poland
  • 1730 Lorenzo Corsini chosen as Pope Clemens XII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1745 Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlie's frigate Doutelle [NS]

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1771 James Cook sails Endeavour back to Downs, England

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • 1774 Citizens of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, pass a symbolic declaration of independence
  • 1774 Cossack leader Emilian Pugachevs army occupies Kazan
  • 1776 Captain James Cook departs with Resolution for 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean
  • 1785 1st manned flight by gas balloon in Netherlands
  • 1790 French Revolution: The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is adopted, putting the Catholic Church in France under the control of the state
  • 1801 Second Battle of Algeciras: British fleet beats French and Spanish (six days after losing the 1st Battle of Algeciras)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1804 Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a pistol duel by Vice President Aaron Burr

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • 1812 US forces led by General Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)
  • 1817 1st flower show held in Dannybrook, County Cork, Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1843 Mormon leader Joseph Smith says God allows polygamy

Religious Leader Joseph Smith
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith
  • 1850 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
  • 1859 Paper bag manufacturing machine patents by William Goodale, Massachusetts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Wild Bill Hickok reputed to have shot and killed David McCanles, possibly his first kill. Hickok later acquitted after found he acted in self defense.

Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok
Folk Hero of the American Old West
Wild Bill Hickok
  • 1862 US Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
  • 1862 Federal troops occupy Helena, Arkansas

  • 1863 In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British
  • 1874 Ontario Agricultural College founded
  • 1878 Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
  • 1879 Agricultural and industrial tariffs are introduced in Germany
  • 1882 1st ocean pier in US completed, Washington, D.C.
  • 1898 Jean-Baptiste Marchand hoists French flag in Fashoda, Sudan
  • 1900 114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)
  • 1901 Striking Canadian salmon fishermen on the Pacific coast, resentful of the non-union Japanese who continue to fish, maroon and imprison 47
  • 1901 In Germany a group of 104 aristocrats present a deceleration against dueling, though the tradition will go on
  • 1902 Australian parliament agrees to female suffrage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Arthur Balfour succeeds Lord Salisbury, who retired as British Prime Minister on 11 July

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • 1905 The British and Japanese renew their alliance (of January 1902) for 10 years and agree to provide mutual support if attacked by other power

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France

Jewish Artillery Officer Alfred Dreyfus
Jewish Artillery Officer
Alfred Dreyfus
  • 1909 16th Amendment was passed by congress (power to tax incomes)
  • 1912 1st foreign feature film exhibited in US - "Queen Elizabeth" in NYC
  • 1913 150,000 Ulstermen gather and resolve to resist Irish Home Rule by force of arms; since the British Liberals have promised the Irish nationalists Home Rule, civil war appears imminent
  • 1916 3rd and 4th of 4 fatal Jersey Shore shark attacks occurs at Matawan Creek when epileptic Lester Stilwell (11) is dragged into a creek and Watson Fisher (24), believing Silwell had a seizure, is bitten while retrieving the body and subsequently bleeds to death
  • 1916 Joseph Dunn (14) is attacked by a shark, suffering non-fatal wounds in New Jersey, the final episode in a spate of shark attacks along the Jersey coast where 4 people died over 12 days
  • 1917 The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona
  • 1918 Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
  • 1920 Lithuania and USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent republic
  • 1926 Guomindangleger draws against warlord Wu Peifu
  • 1933 Congress passes 1st minimum wage law (33 cents per hour)
  • 1934 US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned
  • 1935 Belgium recognizes Soviet Union
  • 1937 -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto, California
  • 1940 Frederick McKinley Jones receives a patent for an air conditioning unit for trucks, helping to change long-haul carriage of food and blood
  • 1943 Battle of Kolombangara (Second Battle of Gulf of Kula)
  • 1943 National Committee Freies Deutschland forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1943 Soviet offensive at Orel
  • 1943 World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • 1944 Theresienstadt Family camp disbands, with 4,000 people gased
  • 1944 US government recognizes authority of General De Gaulle
  • 1948 1st jets to fly across Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)
  • 1949 Dutch KLM Constellation crashes near Bombay, 45 die
  • 1950 Hague Council of Annulment convicts German war criminals W Lages, FH Van de Funten and F Fischer to death
  • 1951 Mob tries to keep black family from moving into all-white Cicero, Illinois
  • 1952 East German SED decides to form German DR army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 President Eisenhower put forward a plan for an interstate highway system

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1954 ANC President Albert Luthuli banned by South African Minister of Justice from attending public gatherings and confined to the magisterial district of Lower Tugela, Natal
  • 1955 Christian Democratic Party forms in Argentina
  • 1957 1st President to fly in helicopter-Dwight Eisenhower
  • 1957 US Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1960 Congo, Chad and Central African Republic declare independence
  • 1960 USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
  • 1960 Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • 1962 1st time 2 manned crafts in space (USSR)
  • 1966 10.51" (26.70 cm) of rainfall, Sandusky Ohio (state record)
  • 1966 Start of 3 day race riot in Chicago, looting brings out National Guardsmen
  • 1966 US Treasury announces it will buy mutilated silver coins at silver bullion price at Philadelphia and Denver mints
  • 1967 Race riot in Newark, New Jersey, 26 killed, 1,500 injured & over 1,000 arrested
  • 1967 Greek regime deprives 480 Greeks of their citizenship
  • 1968 Couve de Murville forms government in France
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 As the 'marching season' reaches its height there is serious rioting in Derry, Belfast and Dungiven; many families in Belfast are forced to move from their homes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Thor Heyerdahl crosses the Atlantic ocean on the raft Ra II, arrives in Barbados from Morocco after 57 days

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • 1970 Tanzania signs contract with China for building Tanzam-railway
  • 1971 Juan Corona, indicted for 25 murders
  • 1972 Democrats nominated George McGovern for US president in Miami, Florida
  • 1972 Twelve years after the banning of the ANC and Pan Africanist Congress, a new political movement, the Black People Convention is formed after a three day long conference in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
  • 1973 A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States
  • 1974 John Ehrlichman convicted of violating Daniel Ellsberg's rights

Birthdays in History

  • 1394 Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shōgun (1429-41) (d. 1441)
  • 1644 Arnold Moonen, Dutch vicar and linguist (David's holy saint graduals), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1711)
  • 1651 Margaret Theresa of Spain, daughter of Philip IV, wife and niece of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (the child in Velázquez Las Meninas, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1673)
  • 1730 Josiah Wedgwood, English pottery designer and manufacturer (Wedgwood), born in Burslem, Staffordshire, England (d. 1795)
  • 1803 Peter Chanel, French priest and saint, born in Montrevel-en-Bresse, Ain, France (d. 1841)
  • 1807 Silas Casey, American Major General (Union Army), born in East Greenwich, Rhode Island (d. 1882)
  • 1813 Claude Bernard, French physiologist involved in the founding of modern physiology (blind experiments), born in Saint-Julien, Rhône (d. 1878)

Person of interestHenry David Thoreau

1817 Henry David Thoreau, American naturalist and pacifist (Walden Pond), born in Concord, Massachusetts (d. 1862)

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau
  • 1821 Daniel Harvey Hill, Confederate General (American Civil War), born in York District, South Carolina (d. 1889)
  • 1824 Eugène Boudin, French painter (beach scenes), born in Honfleur, France (d. 1898)
  • 1828 N.G. [Nikolay Gavrilovich] Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (What Is to Be Done?), born in Saratov, Russia (d. 1889)
  • 1840 Abraham Goldfaden, Russian-born Jewish poet and playwright (Shulamis), born in Starokostiantyniv, Russian Empire (d. 1908)
  • 1849 William Osler, Canadian physician and author (circulatory system), born in Bond Head, Province of Canada (1919)
  • 1850 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist, born in Stendal, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 1912)

Person of interestHipólito Yrigoyen

1852 Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina (1916-22, 1928-30), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1933)

Argentine President Hipólito Yrigoyen
Argentine President
Hipólito Yrigoyen

Person of interestGeorge Eastman

1854 George Eastman, American inventor (Kodak camera, founder of the Eastman Kodak Company), born in Waterville, New York (d. 1932)

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • 1863 Albert Calmette, French physician, bacteriologist and immunologist (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin), born in Nice, France (d. 1933)
  • 1863 Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (optics), born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1906)
  • 1864 George Washington Carver, African-American agricultural scientist (studied the peanut), born in Diamond Grove, Missouri [or Jan 10] (d. 1934)
  • 1868 Stefan George, German lyric poet (Algabal), born in Büdesheim, Germany (d. 1933)
  • 1870 Louis II [Louis Honoré Charles Antoine Grimaldi], Prince of Monaco, born in Baden-Baden, Germany (d. 1949)

Person of interestEmil Hácha

1872 Emil Hácha, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1938-9, State President of Bohemia and Moravia, 1939-1945), born in Trhové Sviny, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)

President of Czechoslovakia Emil Hácha
President of Czechoslovakia
Emil Hácha
  • 1876 Max Jacob, French poet and writer, born in Quimper, Brittany, France (d. 1944)
  • 1879 Han Yong-woon, Korean Buddhist reformer and poet, born in Yucheon, Hongseong, South Korea (d. 1944)
  • 1881 Ludwig Rubiner, German poet and essayist, born in Berlin (d. 1920)
  • 1884 Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (Reclining Nude), born in Livorno, Tuscany, Italy (d. 1920)
  • 1892 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer (The Street of Crocodiles), born in Drohobych, Austrian Galicia (d. 1942)
  • 1895 R. Buckminster Fuller, American architect and inventor (geodesic dome), born in Milton, Massachusetts (d. 1983)
  • 1900 Fjodor Godunov-Tcherdynchev, Russian poet (Life of Tchernyshevsky)
  • 1902 Günther Anders, German Jewish philosopher, born in Breslau, German Empire (d. 1992)

Person of interestPablo Neruda

1904 Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet (Residence on Earth-Nobel 1971), born in Parral, Chile (d. 1973)

  • 1905 Prince John of the United Kingdom, youngest son of English King George V, born in York Cottage, Sandringham (d. 1919)
  • 1908 Ernest Burnelle, Belgian politician (Communist Party of Belgium (PCB)), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1968)
  • 1909 Seymour Berry, 2nd Viscount Camrose, British Conservative Lower house leader (1941-45), born in Surrey, England (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Fritz Leonhardt, German structural engineer, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1999)
  • 1911 Johanna Moosdorf, German writer (Next Door), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 2000)
  • 1912 Brodrick Haldane, Scottish photographer, born in Edinburgh (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Willis Lamb, American physicist (Nobel 1955), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2008)
  • 1915 Michael Fenton Haddon, mining engineer (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Andrew Wyeth, American realist painter (Christina's World), born in Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania (d. 2009)
  • 1920 Honoré Desmond Sharrer, American artist (Tribute to the American Working People), born in West Point, New York (d. 2009)

Person of interestPierre Berton

1920 Pierre Berton, Canadian author (War of 1812), born in Whitehorse, Yukon (d. 2004)

  • 1922 Clark MacGregor, American Republican politician (involved in Watergate), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2003)
  • 1922 Mark Hatfield, American politician (29th Governor of Oregon), born in Dallas, Oregon (d. 2011)
  • 1923 James E. Gunn, American sci-fi author (The Listeners, Station in Space, Immortal), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • 1925 Roger Smith, CEO (General Motors), born in Colombus, Ohio (d. 2007)
  • 1927 Gualberto T. Hernandez, Minister for Health and Environmental Hygiene of the Netherlands Antilles, born in Curaçao
  • 1928 Elias James Corey, American organic chemist (Nobel 1990), born in Methuen, Massachusetts
  • 1928 Hayden White, American "literary criticism" historian (Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe), born in Martin, Tennessee (d. 2018)
  • 1931 J. Bob Traxler, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan), born in Kawkawlin, Michigan
  • 1932 Harold William Woolhouse, British botanist, born in Sheffield (d. 1996)
  • 1933 Donald E. Westlake, American author (The Hunter), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2008)
  • 1935 Barrie Wilson, British religious scholar (How Jesus Became Christian) (d. 1995)
  • 1937 Mickey Edwards, American Republican congressman (Chairman of the House Republican Policy Committee), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1937 Lionel Jospin, Prime Minister of France (1997-2002), born in Meudon, Hauts-de-Seine, France
  • 1938 Eiko Ishioka, Costume Designer (Academy Award, Bram Stoker’s Dracula), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2012)
  • 1944 Bill McCollum Jr., American lawyer and politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Florida), born in Brooksville, Florida
  • 1947 Richard C. McCarty, American professor of psychology, born in Portsmouth, Virginia
  • 1948 Richard Simmons, American exercise guru (CHiPs, Deal-a-Meal), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1948 Ben Burtt Jr., American sound designer, born in Jamesville, New York
  • 1952 Voja Antonić, Serbian inventor and writer, born in Šabac, Serbia
  • 1957 Rick Douglas Husband, Amarillo Texas, USAF mjr/astronaut
  • 1959 Rolonda Watts, talk show hostess (Rolanda)
  • 1970 Juba Kalamka, American artist/activist

Person of interestMalala Yousafzai

1997 Malala Yousafzai, Pakistani activist for female education and the youngest-ever Nobel Prize recipient, born in Mingora, North-West Frontier Province

Human Rights Activist Malala Yousafzai
Human Rights Activist
Malala Yousafzai

Weddings in History

  • 1472 Richard Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester and later King of England, marries Anne Neville, daughter of the Earl of Warwick, in Westminster Abbey.

LoveWedding of Interest

1543 England's King Henry VIII weds Catherine Parr (6th & last wife)

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

LoveWedding of Interest

1980 US Senator Elizabeth Warren (31) weds law professor Bruce Mann

US Senator Elizabeth Warren
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren
  • 2007 World's tallest man who measures 7'9" Bao Xishun (56) weds Xia Shujian (28) in a traditional Mongolian ceremony at the tomb of Kublai Khan in Beijing, China

Deaths in History

  • 783 Bertrada of Laon, Frankish queen sometimes referred to as "Bertha Broadfoot", and mother of Charlemange the Great, dies
  • 1073 Johannes Gualbertus, Italian monk/saint, dies
  • 1429 Jean de Gerson, French theologian (Theologica mystic), dies at 65
  • 1441 Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shōgun (1429-41), assassinated in evening play by the Akamatsu family at 48
  • 1450 Jack Cade is slain in a revolt against English King Henry VI

Person of interestErasmus

1536 Desiderius Erasmus, humanist/priest (Novum instrumentum omne), dies at 69

Humanist and Theologian Erasmus
Humanist and Theologian
  • 1545 Maria Manuela van Portugal, niece of Spanish King Philip II, dies
  • 1575 Renée of France, duchess of Ferrara and daughter of French King Louis XII, dies at 63
  • 1584 Steven Borough, English explorer, dies at 58
  • 1633 Simon Besler, German composer, dies at 49
  • 1640 Henry Casimir I, count of Nassau-Dietz, dies
  • 1664 Stefano della Bella, Italian printmaker (b. 1610)
  • 1682 Jean Picard, French astronomer, dies at 61
  • 1693 John Ashby, English admiral
  • 1712 Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland (1658-59), dies at 85
  • 1749 Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois, Governor of New France

Person of interestAlexander Hamilton

1804 Alexander Hamilton, US Founding Father and 1st Secretary of the Treasury (1789-95), killed by Vice President Aaron Burr in pistol duel near Weehawken at 49

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton

Person of interestWilliam Howe

1814 William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe, British Military Leader (commander of British forces in the American Revolutionary War), dies at 84

Military Leader William Howe
Military Leader
William Howe
  • 1844 Charles-Louis Panckoucke, French publisher, dies at 63
  • 1845 Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian poet (Creation, Humanity, and Messiah) and author, dies at 37
  • 1849 Dolley Madison, 4th First Lady Of The United States (b. 1768)
  • 1850 Robert Stevenson, Scottish civil engineer (Bell Rock Lighthouse, Scotland), dies at 78
  • 1874 Fritz Reuter, German novelist, dies at 63
  • 1892 Cyrus West Field, American financier noted for success of 1st transatlantic cable, dies at 72
  • 1898 Paul Voulet, French captain/mass murderer in Senegal, dies
  • 1899 Esquire Mauritius A de Savornin Lohman, Governor of Suriname, dies at 67
  • 1902 Pieter Caland, Dutch hydraulic engineer (New Waterway), dies at 74
  • 1910 Charles Stewart Rolls, British auto manufacturer (Rolls-Royce Ltd), dies at 32
  • 1916 Aritius S Talma, Dutch minister of Agriculture, dies at 52
  • 1917 François Fournier, Swiss-French postage stamp forger, dies at 71
  • 1918 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer, dies at 54
  • 1918 William McComb, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 89

Person of interestGertrude Bell

1926 Gertrude Bell, British archaeologist (Desert & The Sown), dies at 57

Archaeologist and Writer Gertrude Bell
Archaeologist and Writer
Gertrude Bell
  • 1929 Robert Henri, American painter (The Eight) and leader of Ashcan school of painting, dies at 63
  • 1933 Willem H Drucker, lawyer, dies at 45
  • 1934 Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American industrialist and inventor (outboard marine engine), dies at 57

Person of interestAlfred Dreyfus

1935 Alfred Dreyfus, French Jewish artillery officer (Dreyfus Affair), dies at 75

Jewish Artillery Officer Alfred Dreyfus
Jewish Artillery Officer
Alfred Dreyfus
  • 1945 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • 1945 Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, German field marshal (German Air Force-WW II), dies at 49
  • 1946 Ray Stannard Baker, American journalist (Puliter Prize 1940), dies at 76
  • 1949 Douglas Hyde, first President of Ireland (b. 1860)
  • 1950 Elsie de Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (b. 1865)
  • 1956 Maurice Lippens, Belgian governor of Congo (1921-23), dies at 80
  • 1961 Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (b. 1879)
  • 1966 D T Suzuki, Zen Buddhism scholar, dies in Tokyo Japan at 96
  • 1980 John W Davis, President (WV State college), dies at 92
  • 1981 Ben Seijes, historian (WWII), dies at 73
  • 1988 Joshua Logan, Broadway producer (South Pacific), dies at 79 of palsy
  • 1988 Raymond W Goldsmith, US economist, dies at 83
  • 1990 Richard R Briggs, dies after short illness at 71
  • 1993 Dan Eldon, British-Kenyan photojournalist, killed in Somalia while working for Reuters at 22
  • 1994 David Malcolm Lewis, English historian, expert in Greek Epigraphy, dies at 56
  • 1994 James Bysse Joll, British historian, dies at 76
  • 1996 (Andrew) Rodger Waterson, Scottish zoologist, specializing in malacology (mollusks) and entomology (insects), dies at 84
  • 1996 John Boon, English publisher (MiIls and Boon), dies at 79
  • 1998 Serge Lemoyne, French Canadian artist (b. 1941)
  • 2000 Charles Merritt, Canadian Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross during World War II, dies at 98

Person of interestEdward Lee Howard

2002 Edward Lee Howard, CIA Case Officer and alleged Soviet spy, dies at 50 after breaking his neck during a fall

Alleged Soviet Spy Edward Lee Howard
Alleged Soviet Spy
Edward Lee Howard
  • 2004 Jean Ruth Adams, American entomologist (insect pathogens and viruses), dies at 75 or 76
  • 2004 Betty Oliphant, co-founder of National Ballet of Canada (b. 1918)
  • 2005 John King, Baron King of Wartnaby, British businessman and CEO of British Airways after its privatization, dies at 87
  • 2007 Stan Zemanek, Australian radio personality (b.1947)
  • 2007 Mr. Butch, Iconic Boston street figure (b. 1951)
  • 2008 Tony Snow, former speechwriter for Presidents George H. W. Bush and press secretary for George W. Bush (b. 1955)
  • 2009 Simon Vinkenoog, Dutch writer and poet, dies at 80
  • 2010 Harvey Pekar, American comic book writer (American Splendor), dies at 70
  • 2010 James P. Hogan, British sci-fi author (Giants' Star), dies at 69
  • 2013 Amar Bose, American entrepreneur and academic (M.I.T., Bose Corporation), dies at 83
  • 2017 Scharlette Holdman, American death penalty mitigation specialist, dies at 70
  • 2018 Tom Gallagher, American diplomat, gay activist, and 1st Foreign Service officer to publicly come out in 1976, dies at 77