On This Day

On This Day in History for July 13

Events in History

  • 574 John III ends his reign as Catholic Pope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1174 William I of Scotland, key rebel in Revolt of 1173-1174, captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England

King of England Henry II of England
King of England
Henry II of England
  • 1522 Hunger appeal by women of Utrecht
  • 1558 Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines
  • 1568 Dean of St. Paul's London, Alexander Nowell perfects a way to bottle beer
  • 1573 Haarlem surrenders after 7 months to Spanish army
  • 1643 Battle at Roundway Down: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
  • 1645 Aleksei Romanov succeeds his father Michael as Tsar of Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1657 Oliver Cromwell constrains English army leader John Lambert

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1700 Treaty of Constantinople establishes peace after Russo-Turkish war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1772 Captain James Cook begins 2nd voyage aboard the Resolution to the South Seas to search for Terra Australis (Southern continent)

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • 1787 Congress establishes Northwest Territory (excludes slavery)
  • 1787 US Ordinance of 1787 passed, establishes first organized US territory
  • 1794 Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
  • 1832 Source of Mississippi River discovered by American geographer Henry Schoolcraft

InventionHistoric Invention

1835 Swedish-American inventor John Ericsson files for a patent for his screw propeller design

Mechanical Inventor John Ericsson
Mechanical Inventor
John Ericsson

  • 1836 US patent #1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1837 Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • 1851 John F Loudon discovers tin on East Indian Island of Billiton
  • 1854 US forces shell and burn San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua
  • 1854 In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon
  • 1861 Battle of Corrick's Ford, Virginia (Carrick's Ford) - Union army takes total control of western Virginia
  • 1862 Battle of Murfreesboro, fought in Rutherford County, Tennessee begins (Forrest's Raid), Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Anti-draft mobs lynch blacks in NYC; about 1,000 die
  • 1863 Battle of Bayou La Fourche, Louisiana
  • 1863 Battle of Tupelo, Mississippi (Harrisburg) [->JUL 15]
  • 1863 Rebellion at Morgan's, Ohio [->JUL 26]
  • 1864 Early retreats from Washington City back to Shenandoah Valley
  • 1865 Horace Greeley, founder and editor of the "New-York Tribune" reputedly advises his readers to "Go west young man"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 P. T. Barnum's museum burns down

Circus Showman and Businessman P. T. Barnum
Circus Showman and Businessman
P. T. Barnum
  • 1868 Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1870 King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1871 World's first championship cat show; Organised by Harrison Weir and held in Crystal Palace, London
  • 1876 29th US Postmaster General: James N Tyner of Indiana takes office
  • 1878 Congress of Berlin ends, redrawing the terms of Treaty of San Stefano to give Russia less influence in old Ottoman Empire
  • 1882 200 die as train derails near Tcherny, Russia

  • 1893 Germany Army Bill is ratified
  • 1898 San Francisco Ferry Building at foot of Market St opens
  • 1911 Great Britain and Japan renew their alliance of 1902 for another four years; the reason Japan joins WWI on the Allies side
  • 1917 Vision of Virgin Mary appears to children of Fatima, Portugal
  • 1919 Race riots in Longview, Gregg County, Texas
  • 1923 American explorer Roy Chapman Andrews discovers the first recognised dinosaur eggs, in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia
  • 1925 French occupation force begins evacuating country
  • 1930 David Sarnoff reports in NY Times "TV would be a theater in every home"
  • 1935 US-Russian commerce treaty takes effect
  • 1936 112°F (44°C), Mio, Michigan (state record)
  • 1936 114°F (46°C), Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin (state record)
  • 1938 Kroller-Muller museum opens in Holland
  • 1941 World War II: Montenegrins start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
  • 1942 5,000 Jews of Rovno Polish Ukraine, executed by Nazis
  • 1942 German occupiers imprison 800 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • 1942 SS shoots 1,500 Jews in Josefov Poland
  • 1943 Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 lost by Germany
  • 1944 Vilnius, Lithuania, liberated


1949 Pope Pius XII excommunicates communist catholics

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1950 René Pleven forms French government

  • 1953 Battle of the Kumsong River begins - last major battle of the Korean war
  • 1954 Dean Stone gets credit for AL win, although he didn't retire a batter, he threw out Shoendienst trying to steal home, AL-11 NL-9
  • 1955 The last execution of a woman in Britain, Ruth Ellis, takes place at Holloway Prison, London

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1955 Industrialist Cyrus Eaton first offers to host a conference on dangers of nuclear weapons in Pugwash, Nova Scotia

Steel Magnate Cyrus Eaton
Steel Magnate
Cyrus Eaton
  • 1960 KDBQ-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KYA

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1960 US Democratic convention nominates JFK as presidential candidate

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 500 Indonesian parachutist land on New Guinea
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Indian government announces it will cut last remaining links with South Africa by refusing landing facilities to South African aircraft
  • 1966 A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada founds the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (Hare Krishna movement) in New York City
  • 1967 Race riots break out in Newark, 27 die
  • 1968 French government-Couve de Murville forms
  • 1969 Russia launches unmanned Luna 15 to Moon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 North Ireland loyalist Ian Paisley addresses a crowd at Loughgall, County Antrim, and is reported to have said: "I am anti-Roman Catholic, but God being my judge, I love the poor dupes who are ground down under that system."

First Minister of Northern Ireland Ian Paisley
First Minister of Northern Ireland
Ian Paisley
  • 1970 Building begins of Amsterdam metro
  • 1970 The annual 'Twelfth' parades passes off without serious incident in Northern Ireland
  • 1972 A series of gun-battles and shootings erupt across Belfast between the Provisional Irish Republican Army and British Army soldiers
  • 1973 Bobby Murcer's 3 homers accounted for all RBIs, beating KC 5-0
  • 1973 Hector de Campora resigns as President of Argentina
  • 1974 India's 1st one-day international (v England, Headingley)

  • 1975 8.5" (21.6 cm) of rainfall, Dover, Delaware (state record)
  • 1976 Court martial begins in USSR for Valery Sablin (Hunt for Red Oct)
  • 1977 NYC experiences 25 hr black-out
  • 1978 Albania drops diplomatic relations with People's Republic of China
  • 1978 Alexander Ginzburg sentenced by Soviet court to 8 years
  • 1978 Lee Iacocca fired as president of the Ford Motor Company by chairman Henry Ford II
  • 1978 Russian dissidents Ginsburg, Piatkus and Sjtsjaranki sentenced to work camps
  • 1978 Walter Poenisch completes swim of 207 km from Cuba to Florida
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 Train crash at Aalter Belgium, 5 killed
  • 1982 Iran launches first attack into Iraq
  • 1983 The Transvaal Attorney General announces that Eugène Terre'Blanche, leader of the far-right Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) and three associates will face terrorism charges, South Africa
  • 1984 Jeff Beck quits Rod Stewart's tour after 7 shows
  • 1984 The last sitting of an all-white Parliament in South Africa
  • 1986 Zola Budd and Annette Cowley are banned from the Commonwealth Games, a direct consequence of Britain's refusal to support economic sanctions against the apartheid government of South Africa
  • 1992 The Tripartite Alliance, consisting of the African National Congress, South African Communist Party and Congress of South African Trade Union, outlines a mass action plan for August
  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-70 (Discovery 20), launches
  • 1996 Cigar wins record 16th straight win, (ties Citation in 1940)
  • 1997 Indonesian ferry sinks, killing at least 77

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2008 Brewing company InBev announces deal to buy American brewer Anheuser-Busch for almost $52 billion

Investor and Beer Mogul Jorge Paulo Lemann
Investor and Beer Mogul
Jorge Paulo Lemann
  • 2011 Mumbai is rocked by three bomb blasts during the evening rush hour, killing 26 and injuring 130
  • 2011 19th ESPY Awards: Dirk Nowitzki, Lindsey Vonn win
  • 2012 China's economic growth drops to 7.6%, its lowest level for three years
  • 2012 19-30 people are killed after a train collides with a truck in Malelane, South Africa

Birthdays in History

Person of interestJulius Caesar

100 BC Julius Caesar, Roman military and political leader, born in Rome (d. 44 BC), (or July 12)

Roman Military Commander and Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Statesman
Julius Caesar
  • 1527 John Dee, English alchemist, astrologer and mathematician, born in London, England (d. 1609)
  • 1579 Arthur Dee, English physician, born in Mortlake, London (d. 1651)
  • 1590 Clement X [Emilio Altieri], Italian Pope (1670-76), born in Rome (d. 1676)
  • 1607 Václav [Wenceslaus] Hollar, Bohemian-born etcher, born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1677)
  • 1608 Ferdinand III, King of Hungary & Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor (1637-57), born in Graz, Duchy of Styria (d. 1657)
  • 1745 Robert Calder, British naval officer, born in Kent, England (d. 1818)
  • 1770 Alexander Balashov, Russian general and statesman, born in Moscow (d. 1837)
  • 1773 Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder, German writer (Fantasies about Art), born in Berlin (d. 1798)
  • 1776 Caroline of Baden, Queen of Bavaria, born in Karlsruhe, Margraviate of Baden (d. 1841)
  • 1793 John Clare, English poet (Poems Descriptive of Rural Life and Scenery), born in Peterborough, Northamptonshire, England (d. 1864)
  • 1798 Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia), Tsarina of Russia (d. 1860)
  • 1815 James Alexander Seddon, Secy War (Confederacy), (d. 1880)
  • 1816 Gustav Freytag, writer

Person of interestNathan Bedford Forrest

1821 Nathan Bedford Forrest, American slave trader, Confederate lieutenant general and KKK Grand Wizard, born in Chapel Hill, Tennessee (d. 1877)

Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest
Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard
Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • 1826 Stanislao Cannizzaro, Italian chemist (Reaction of Cannizzaro)
  • 1841 Otto Wagner, Austrian architect (d. 1918)
  • 1858 Stewart Culin, American ethnographer (d. 1929)
  • 1859 Sydney Webb, England, writer/husband of Beatrice Potter
  • 1863 Emma Mary Wooley, educator (Mary Anna Wells)
  • 1864 John Jacob Astor IV, American businessman and soldier (richest passenger aboard the Titanic), born in Rhinebeck, New York (d. 1912)
  • 1872 Alfons van de Perre, Flemish physician/MP
  • 1884 Francis B Young, British physician/writer (White Ladies)
  • 1889 Louise of Mountbatten, Queen of Sweden (d. 1965)
  • 1894 Isaak Babel, Russian writer (Konarmija, Marija) [OS Jun 30]
  • 1896 Mordecai Ardon, Israeli painter (d. 1992)
  • 1898 Martin David, German/Neth law historian
  • 1898 Julius Schreck, member of the Nazi party (d. 1936)
  • 1900 JH Scheps, Dutch 2nd-Member of parliament (social democratic)
  • 1901 Tillie Ehrlich Lewin, leading industrialist (tomato queen)
  • 1903 Kenneth Clark, English art historian (Civilisation), born in London, England (d. 1983)
  • 1905 Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (d. 1990)
  • 1909 Souphanouvong, President of Laos (1975-87), born in Louangphrabang, Laos (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Walter Landor [Landauer], German-British industrial and brand designer, and consumer researcher, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, Danish shipping magnate, born in Hellerup Denmark, (d. 2012)
  • 1920 Hans Blumenberg, philosopher
  • 1921 Friedrich Peter, Austrian poltitician (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Anker Jørgensen, Danish politician, Prime Minister of Denmark (1972-3, 75-82), born in Copenhagen (d. 2016)
  • 1925 Hilary Grover Barratt Brown, conservationist
  • 1927 Karl I Pelgrom, Dutch sculptor
  • 1927 Simone Veil, President European parliament (France)
  • 1928 Tommaso Buscetta, Sicilian mafioso and pentito (d. 2000)
  • 1932 Hubert Reeves, Canadian astrophysicist
  • 1933 David Storey, British novelist and playwright (This Sporting Life), born in Wakefield (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Aleksei Stanislavovich Yeliseyev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 8, 10)

Person of interestWole Soyinka

1934 Wole Soyinka, Nigerian playwright and poet (Road, Kongi's Harvest-Nobel 1986), born in Abeokuta, near Ibadan, Nigeria

Playwright Wole Soyinka
Wole Soyinka
  • 1935 Jack F Kemp, (Rep-R-NY)/right-wing/US Secretary of Housing (1989-93)
  • 1940 Paul Prudhomme, cajun chef (K-Paul), born in Opelousas. Louisiana (d. 2015)
  • 1942 Rod Chandler, (Rep-R-WA, 1983- )

Person of interestErnő Rubik

1944 Ernő Rubik, Hungarian inventor (Rubik's cube), born in Budapest, Hungary

Inventor Ernő Rubik
Ernő Rubik
  • 1945 Jean-Pierre E Plooij, Dutch writer (Duvelsmoer)
  • 1948 Linda Ann Simon, airline capt
  • 1948 Robert Underwood, (Rep-D-Guam)
  • 1948 Ronald K Machtley, (Rep-R-Rhode Island)
  • 1950 George D "Pinky" Nelson, Iowa, PhD/astro (STS 41C, STS 61-C, STS-26)
  • 1950 Ma Ying-jeou, President of the Republic of China, former mayor of Taipei, former chairman of the Kuomintang (KMT)
  • 1951 Rob Bishop, American politician
  • 1953 Milica "Mila" Mulroney (née Pivnički), wife of former Canadian prime minister Brian Mulroney, born in Sarajevo, PR Bosnia-Herzegovina, FPR Yugoslavia.
  • 1957 Phil Margera, father of Bam Margera
  • 1960 Ian Hislop, British writer, satirist and editor of Private Eye, born in Swansea, Wales
  • 1961 Tim Watson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1967 Benny Benassi, Italian disc jockey
  • 1967 Dean Barnett, American Conservative blogger, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2008)
  • 1969 Oleg Serebrian, Moldovan politician and political scientist
  • 1974 Jean Zhang, Miss Suriname 1993
  • 1993 Nathan Law, Hong Kong activist (Umbrella Movement), born in Shenzhen, China

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1914 British poet and novelist D. H. Lawrence (28) weds Frieda Weekley (34) after obtaining Frieda's divorce from her 1st husband

Deaths in History

  • 574 John III, Italian Pope (561-74), dies
  • 939 Leo VII, Italian Pope (936-39), dies
  • 1024 Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor (1014-24) and King of Germany (1002-24), dies at 51
  • 1105 Rashi [Rabbi Shlomo Yitzaki], Jewish intellectual, dies
  • 1205 Hubert Walter, Archbishop of Canterbury and Justicier of England
  • 1309 Jan I van Nassau, bishop of Utrecht, dies
  • 1357 Bartolus de Saxoferrato Italian jurist (b. 1313)
  • 1380 Bertrand du Guesclin, French King of Granada, dies at about 60
  • 1399 Peter Parler, German architect (b. 1330)
  • 1402 Jianwen, 2nd Emperor of the Ming Empire (1398-1402), dies at 24
  • 1551 John Wallop, English soldier and diplomat (b. 1490)
  • 1621 Albert VII, Archduke of Austria and cardinal-archbishop of Toledo, dies at 61
  • 1626 Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman, dies at 62
  • 1628 Robert Shirley, English adventurer (b. 1581)
  • 1629 Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Danish physician, theologian, writer on anatomy, dies at 44
  • 1683 Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex, English statesman (b. 1631)
  • 1693 Hendrik Trajectinus, Count of Solms, Dutch lieutenant-general (b. 1636)
  • 1705 Titus Oates, English Protestant conspirator, dies at 55
  • 1755 Edward Braddock, British General, dies of his wounds from the Battle of Fort Duquesne (near present day Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania), during French & Indian War at 60
  • 1760 Conrad Weiser, Pennsylvania's ambassador to the Native Americans, dies at 63
  • 1761 Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (b. 1712)

Person of interestJames Bradley

1762 James Bradley, English astronomer, 3rd Royal, discovered Earth's nutation motion, dies at 69

Astronomer James Bradley
James Bradley
  • 1777 Guillaume Coustou Jr, French sculptor (Apollo/Mars/Venus), dies at 61
  • 1785 Stephen Hopkins, American politician who signed the US Declaration of Independence, dies at 78
  • 1789 Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist, dies at 73

MurderJean-Paul Marat

1793 Jean-Paul Marat, French journalist and revolutionary (Friend of the People periodical), is murdered by Charlotte Corday in a bath at 50

Revolutionary and Journalist Jean-Paul Marat
Revolutionary and Journalist
Jean-Paul Marat
  • 1807 Henry Benedict Stuart, Jacobite claimant to the throne of England (b. 1725)
  • 1854 José María Vargas, Venezuelan doctor, botanist and 2nd President of Venezuela (1835-36), dies at 68
  • 1859 Rufus Choate, American lawyer (Hall of Fame), dies at 59
  • 1860 John Ackersdijk, Dutch state house builder, dies at 69
  • 1861 Robert Selden Garnett, US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 41
  • 1863 John S. Bowen, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 32
  • 1877 Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler, German bishop of Mainz, dies at 65
  • 1882 Johnny Ringo, American Gunfighter (b. 1850)
  • 1889 Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (b. 1830)
  • 1890 John C. Frémont, American army officer, explorer of the American West and presidential candidate, dies at 77
  • 1896 August Kekule von Stradonitz, German chemist who discovered structure of benzene ring, dies at 66
  • 1922 Martin Dies, American politician (b. 1870)
  • 1924 Alfred Marshall, English economist (Principles of Economics), dies at 81
  • 1925 Gerben Postma [Ids], Fries writer (Lytse Fryske Spraekleare), dies
  • 1927 James E K Aggrey, Ghana/US theologist, dies

Person of interestKate Sheppard

1934 Kate Sheppard, New Zealand suffragette and the most prominent member of New Zealand's women's suffrage movement, dies at 87

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Kate Sheppard
  • 1936 Jose Calvo Sotelo, Spanish minister of Finance, murdered at 43
  • 1937 Emmett Dalton, American outlaw, member of the Dalton Gang in the American Old West, dies at 66
  • 1943 Kurt Huber, German philosopher and resistance fighter, beheaded at 50

Person of interestAlfred Stieglitz

1946 Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer/art dealer (Camera Work), dies at 82

Photographer Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
  • 1954 Irving Pichel, dies at 63

Person of interestFrida Kahlo

1954 Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter who explored questions of identity, postcolonialism, gender and race in Mexican society, dies of a pulmonary embolism at 47

Painter Frida Kahlo
Frida Kahlo
  • 1954 Grantland Rice, American sportswriter (New York Herald Tribune 1914-30, Colliers 1925-37), dies from a stroke at 73
  • 1955 Beulah Ecton Woodard, African-American sculptor, dies at 59
  • 1955 Ruth Ellis, last English woman (murderess), executed by hanging
  • 1960 Anna Blaman, Dutch writer (Life & Death), dies at 55
  • 1960 Joy Gresham, American writer (b. 1915)
  • 1960 Joy Davidman, American poet, writer and wife of C. S. Lewis, dies at 45
  • 1965 Photis Kontoglou, Greek writer, painter and iconographer, dies at 69
  • 1966 Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, dies at 82
  • 1967 Cornelis A Eman, chairman (State of Aruba Peoples Party), dies at 51
  • 1969 Madiba Thembekile, Nelson Mandela's son, dies in a car accident at 24

Person of interestLeslie Groves

1970 Leslie Groves, American army engineer who directed the Manhattan Project and construction of the Pentagon, dies of a heart attack at 73

US Army Engineer and WWII General Leslie Groves
US Army Engineer and WWII General
Leslie Groves
  • 1974 Patrick Blackett, British physicist (Nobel 1948 - nuclear reaction), dies at 76
  • 1976 Frederick Hawksworth, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (b. 1884)
  • 1976 Joachim Peiper, German military leader (SS, by assassination; b. 1915)
  • 1979 Corine Griffith, dies at 84
  • 1980 Seretse Khama, 1st President of Botswana (1966-80), dies of pancreatic cancer at 59
  • 1982 Michael Blankfort, American writer, producer and director, dies at 74
  • 1983 Gabrielle Roy, French Canadian author (Tin Flute), dies at 73
  • 1987 Patience Collier, dies
  • 1988 Huub Bals, Dutch film promotor, dies at 51
  • 1988 Samuel L Mendel, oldest US war veteran, dies at 104
  • 1989 Abdul Rahman Qassemlu, Iran Kurds leader, murdered
  • 1989 Arnaldo Ochoa Sanchez, Cubans general, executed
  • 1990 Lois Moran Young, dies of cancer at 81
  • 1991 Cor Ria Leeman, Flemish (youth)writer, dies
  • 1993 Edwin "Rick" Bakker, author (Rick's Report/AIDS Diary), dies at 31
  • 1994 Bob Payton, American pizza magnate (The Chicago Pizza Pie Factory), dies at 50
  • 1995 Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group)
  • 1996 Walter Hassan, British automotive engineer, dies at 91
  • 1997 Miguel Ángel Blanco, Spanish politician (b. 1968)
  • 2002 Yousuf Karsh, Turkish-born Armenian photographer (b. 1908)
  • 2008 Bronisław Geremek, Polish social historian and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2014 Thomas Berger, American novelist, dies at 89
  • 2014 Nadine Gordimer, South African author & Nobel laureate, dies at 90
  • 2016 Bernardo Provenzano, Mafia Boss (Cosa Nostra), dies in a prison hospital at 83

Person of interestLiu Xiaobo

2017 Liu Xiaobo, Chinese writer and human rights activist, dies from liver cancer at 61

Writer and Human Rights Activist Liu Xiaobo
Writer and Human Rights Activist
Liu Xiaobo
  • 2018 Nancy Barbato Sinatra, first wife and life-long friend of Frank Sinatra, dies at 101
  • 2020 [Zindziswa] Zindzi Mandela, South African politician and poet, dies at 59