On This Day

On This Day in History for July 14

Events in History

  • 982 King Otto II and his Frankish army defeated in pitched battle with Muslim army of al-Qasim at Cape Colonna, Southern Italy
  • 1223 Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II
  • 1420 Battle at Vitkov Zizka's hill (Prague): Taboriets beat Bohemia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1535 Emperor Charles V conquers Tunis

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1581 English Jesuit priest Edmund Campion arrested for sedition in Anglican England (later hung, drawn and quartered)
  • 1698 The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama
  • 1714 Battle of Aland, Russian fleet overpowers larger Swedish naval force
  • 1769 The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California)
  • 1771 Mission San Antonio de Padua founded in California

France Celebrates Bastille DayFrance Celebrates Bastille Day

1789 Bastille Day - the French Revolution begins with the storming of the Bastille Prison in Paris (now celebrated as France's national day)

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French President Emmanuel Macron heads a military parade on Bastille Day in 2018
French President Emmanuel Macron heads a military parade on Bastille Day in 2018
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1790 The Fête de la Fédération, attended by Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, is held across France on the first anniversary of the French Revolution

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1791 The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England

Chemist, Theologian and Author Joseph Priestley
Chemist, Theologian and Author
Joseph Priestley
  • 1798 1st direct US federal tax on states-on dwellings, land and slaves
  • 1798 US Sedition Act prohibits "false, scandalous & malicious" writing against government
  • 1822 Date planned for the slave revolt in Charleston, South Carolina by Denmark Vesey and Peter Poyas (plot already uncovered in June)
  • 1823 Switzerland signs boundaries for fugitives
  • 1845 1st postmasters' provisional stamps issued, NYC
  • 1850 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration by Florida physician John Gorrie
  • 1853 Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1853 US President Franklin Pierce opens World Fair - Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations in New York

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • 1853 New Zealand holds its first general election
  • 1861 General McDowell advances toward Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia with 40,000 troops
  • 1861 Naval Engagement at Wilmington North Carolina - USS Daylight establishes blockade
  • 1863 Battle of Falling Waters, Maryland (Beaver Creek)
  • 1863 Jews of Holstein Germany granted equality
  • 1864 Gold is discovered in Helena, Montana
  • 1865 English mountaineer Edward Whymper leads first expedition to climb the Matterhorn (four die on the descent)
  • 1865 The Chickasaw Nation is the last of the Five Tribes to surrender to the Union following the Confederate defeat
  • 1868 Alvin J. Fellows of New Haven, Connecticut patents the tape measure

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1870 The United States Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension in the amount of $3,000 a year

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
  • 1877 General strike brings US railroad to a standstill
  • 1891 American John T. Smith patents corkboard
  • 1902 The Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta (reconstructed 1912)
  • 1909 Germany chancellor Bernhard von Bulow resigns
  • 1909 Theobold von Bethmann Hollweg nominated Germany Chancellor
  • 1911 46" of rain begins to fall in Baguio, Philippines

InventionHistoric Invention

1914 American engineer Robert Goddard is granted the first patent for liquid-fueled rocket design

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 1916 33.6 cm rainfall at Effingham, South Carolina (state record)
  • 1921 Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti convicted of killing their shoe company's paymaster and sentenced to death, in Dedham Massachusetts
  • 1927 1st commercial airplane flight in Hawaii
  • 1932 Belgian Chamber rules Dutch language for education of Flanders
  • 1933 Germany begins mandatory sterilization of people with hereditary illnesses
  • 1933 All non-Nazi parties are banned in Germany
  • 1933 Hedley Verity bowls out Essex twice in a day, 8-47 & 9-44 for Yorkshire at Leyton
  • 1934 116°F (47°C), Orogrande, New Mexico (state record, broken on June 27, 1994)
  • 1936 1 million demonstrate to support French People's Front government
  • 1936 116°F (47°C), Collegeville, Indiana (state record)

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1938 Benito Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish African manifesto

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1940 Due to beanball wars, Spalding advertises batting helmet with earflaps
  • 1940 Lithuania becomes Lithuanian SSR
  • 1941 6,000 Lithuanian Jews are exterminated at Viszalsyan Camp
  • 1941 Cease fire of Joan of Arc (ends combat in Lebanon & Syria)
  • 1941 Jam rationed in Holland
  • 1942 1st transport of Amsterdam Jews to Westerbork
  • 1942 Riots against Jews in Amsterdam
  • 1944 Attempt to liberate prisoners in Amsterdam fails, John Post arrested
  • 1944 US assault on Coutances Cotentin
  • 1945 Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1946 Dr Benjamin Spock's "Common Sense Book of Baby & Child Care" published

Pediatrician Benjamin Spock
Benjamin Spock
  • 1946 Mass murder of Jews in Kielce, Poland
  • 1948 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament in an assassination attempt
  • 1950 RE Wayne awarded 1st Distinguished Flying Cross in Korea
  • 1952 SS United States crosses Atlantic in 84:12 (record westward)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 First US national monument dedicated to a black American, to preserve the boyhood home of agricultural scientist and inventor George Washington Carver in Newton County, Missouri [1]

Agricultural Scientist and Inventor George Washington Carver
Agricultural Scientist and Inventor
George Washington Carver
  • 1954 117°F (47°C), East St Louis, Illinois (state record)
  • 1954 118°F (48°C), Warsaw & Union, Missouri (state record)
  • 1955 2 killed, many dazed when lightning strikes Ascot racecourse, England
  • 1957 Soviet steamer "Eshghbad" sinks in Caspian Sea, drowning 270
  • 1958 General Abdul K Kassem forms a military government in Iraq overthrowing the monarchy

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1958 Pope Pius XII publishes his 39th and last encyclical Meminisse juvat

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1959 USS Long Beach, first nuclear powered cruiser launched at Quincy, Massachusetts
  • 1960 Fire rages through a Guatemala City insane asylum killing 225 and severely injuring 300
  • 1961 Finland's Miettunen government forms
  • 1962 Borehole for Mont Blanc tunnel finished
  • 1962 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1965 Australian Ronald Clarke runs world record 10k (27:39.4)
  • 1965 Israeli Jordanian border fights
  • 1965 US Mariner IV, 1st Mars probe, passes at 6,100 miles (9,800 km)
  • 1966 Richard Speck rapes and kills 8 nurses in a Chicago dormitory
  • 1967 Surveyor 4 launched to Moon; explodes just before landing
  • 1968 Houston Astro Don Wilson strikes out 18, beats Reds 6-1 at Crosley Field in Cincinnati
  • 1969 "Futbol War" between El Salvador and Honduras begins
  • 1969 The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
  • 1969 A 67-year-old Catholic civilian dies after being attacked by RUC officers in Dungiven; many consider this the first death of 'the Troubles'
  • 1972 Jean Westwood is 1st woman chosen to head Democratic National Committee
  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • 1974 Bundy victims Janice Ott and Denise Naslund disappear, Lake Sammamish, Washington
  • 1975 EPCOT Center (Florida) plans announced
  • 1976 USSR banishes dissident Andrei Amalrik to Netherlands

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1976 Democratic Convention in NYC nominates former Georgia governor Jimmy Carter for president and US Senator Walter Mondale, from Minnesota, for vice president

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
42nd Vice President of the United States Walter Mondale
42nd Vice President of the United States
Walter Mondale
  • 1977 North Korea shoots down US helicopter, killing 3
  • 1977 US House establishes permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
  • 1978 Anatoly Scharansky convicted of anti-Soviet agitation
  • 1978 Allen Ginsburg completes "Plutonian Ode" - blocks trainload of fissile material headed for Rockwell's nuclear bomb trigger factory, Colorado
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear Test
  • 1981 Kevin Wade's "Key Exchange," premieres in London
  • 1983 US politicians Dan Crane (Rep-R-Il) and Gerry Studds (Rep-D-Mas) admit to sex with pages
  • 1983 Mario Bros. is first released by Nintendo in Japan as an arcade game about an Italian-American plumber
  • 1984 STS 41-D vehicle moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for remanifest of payloads
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Birthdays in History

  • 1454 Poliziano, Florentine humanist (d. 1494)
  • 1486 Andrea del Sarto, Italian painter (Recollets), born in Florence (d. 1530)
  • 1602 Jules Mazarin, French cardinal, French 1st Minister (1642-61)
  • 1608 George Goring, Lord Goring, English royalist soldier (d. 1657)
  • 1610 Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1670)
  • 1634 Pasquier Quesnel, French Jansenist theologian (d. 1719)
  • 1671 Jacques D'Allonville, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1732)
  • 1675 Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier who served the Ottoman Empire and converted to Islam (d. 1747)
  • 1676 Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (d. 1763)
  • 1696 William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (d. 1761)
  • 1721 John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
  • 1743 Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet and statesman, born in the Kazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1816)
  • 1756 Thomas Rowlandson, English painter, cartoonist and etcher, born in London, England (d. 1827)
  • 1762 Joseph Lakanal, French Politician and Educator, born in Serres Ariège, France (d. 1845)
  • 1785 Mordecai Manuel Noah, American playwright, writer and journalist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1851)
  • 1794 John Gibson Lockhart [Scorpion], Scottish biographer (Life of Sir Walter Scott), born in Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1854)
  • 1801 Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (d. 1858)
  • 1804 Ludwig von Benedek, Hungarian born Austrian general (battle of Königgrätz), born in Sopron, Kingdom of Hungary Empire (d. 1881)
  • 1816 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)
  • 1818 Nathaniel Lyon, American Brigadier General (Union Army), 1st Union General to die in battle, born in Ashford, Connecticut (d. 1861)
  • 1830 Richard Henry Jackson, Irish-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Kinnegad County, Westmeath, Ireland (d. 1892)
  • 1831 William Dwight, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1888)
  • 1857 Frederick Louis Maytag, American businessman, head of Maytag, born in Elgin, Illinois (d. 1937)
  • 1862 Florence Bascom, American geologist and 1st woman hired by the US Geological Survey, born in Williamstown, Massachusetts (d. 1945)
  • 1862 Gustav Klimt, Austrian Symbolist painter (The Kiss), born in Baumgarten, Austria-Hungary (d. 1918)
  • 1865 Annie Jones, American bearded lady (appeared in P. T. Barnum circus), born in Marion, Virginia (d. 1902)

Person of interestGertrude Bell

1868 Gertrude Bell, British archaeologist (Desert & The Sown), born in Washington Hall, County Durham, England (d. 1926)

Archaeologist and Writer Gertrude Bell
Archaeologist and Writer
Gertrude Bell
  • 1869 Owen Wister, American novelist 'Father of the Western' (The Virginian), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1938)
  • 1874 Abbas Hilmi II, last khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt (1892-1914), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1944)
  • 1874 Andre Debierne, French chemist and physicist (Actinium)
  • 1885 Sisavang Vong, King of Laos (1904-59), born in Luang Phrabang (d. 1959)

Person of interestAnte Pavelić

1889 Ante Pavelić, Croatian leader of Nazi Germany puppet Independent State of Croatia, born in Bradina, Austria-Hungary (d. 1959)

Croatian Fascist Leader Ante Pavelić
Croatian Fascist Leader
Ante Pavelić
  • 1890 Ossip Zadkine [Zadkin], Russian French sculptor (Destroyed City), born in Vitsebsk, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1893 John G. Strijdom, South African politician and nationalist, Prime Minister of South-Africa (1954-58), born in Willowmore, Cape Colony (d. 1958)
  • 1893 Clarence J. Brown, American newspaper publisher and politician (US Rep-R-Ohio 1939-65), born in Blanchester, Ohio (d. 1965)
  • 1895 Frank Raymond Leavis, British literary critic (Culture & Environment)
  • 1896 Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist involved in the Spanish Revolution, born in León, Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1902 Truman J. Hedding, US vice-admiral (WWII) (d. 1995)
  • 1903 Irving Stone, American author (Love is Eternal, Lust for Life)
  • 1904 Richard Clarkson, British aeronautical engineer (Hawker Siddeley - Trident wing), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Tom Carvel, Greek born American ice cream mogul (Carvels), born in Athens, Greece (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Chaim Raphael, English Jewish scholar and novelist, born in Middlesbrough (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Northrop Frye, Canadian literary critic (d. 1991)
  • 1913 Fritz Erler, German socialist politician (SDP), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1967)

Person of interestGerald Ford

1913 Gerald Ford [Leslie King], 38th US President (R: 1974-77) and 41st US Vice President (R: 1973-74), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 2006)

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1916 Natalia Ginzburg, Italian author (Family dictionary)

Person of interestBen Enwonwu

1917 Ben Enwonwu, Nigerian painter (Portrait of Tutu), born in Onitsha, Nigeria (d. 1994)

Artist Ben Enwonwu
Ben Enwonwu
  • 1918 Jay Forrester, Engineer, invented random-access magnetic core memory, born near Anselmo, Nebraska (d. 2016)
  • 1921 Geoffrey Wilkinson, English chemist (1973 Nobel Prize - organometallic compounds), born in Todmorden, England (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Leon Garfield, English children's author (Devil-in-the-Fog), born in Brighton, England (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Sixto Durán Ballén, Ecuadorian politician, President of Ecuador (1992-96), born in Boston, America (d. 2016)
  • 1922 Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (d. 2007)
  • 1922 Elfriede Rinkel, Nazi concentration camp guard (d. 2018)
  • 1923 Frances Lear, American Woman's magazine publisher (Lears), born in Larchmont, New York (1995)
  • 1928 Elizabeth Jane Lloyd, English artist and teacher, born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • 1931 Donald Eugene Webb, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • 1933 Robert Bourassa, Canadian politician, Prime Minister of Quebec province (1970-76, 85-93), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1996)
  • 1934 Leo Koury, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Pittburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1991)
  • 1936 Robert F. Overmyer, American USMC Colonel, and NASA astronaut (STS-5; STS-51-B), born in Lorain, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • 1937 Yoshirō Mori, Japanese politician, Prime Minister of Japan (2000-01), born in Nomi, Japan
  • 1938 Jerry Rubin, American activist (Chicago 7), stockbroker, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1994)
  • 1939 George E. Slusser, American scholar, writer and Sci-Fic critic, born in San Francisco, California (d. 2014)
  • 1939 Ljubisa Beara, Bosnian general convicted of overseeing Srebrenica Massacre, born in Sarajevo (d. 2017)
  • 1940 Susan Howatch, English author, born in Leatherhead, England
  • 1941 Tatyana Kuznetsova, Soviet cosmonaut (youngest person selected for space training at 20 but never flew), born in Moscow, Soviet Union (d. 2018)
  • 1941 Maulana Karenga, American author and activist, born in Parsonburg, Maryland
  • 1941 Andreas Khol, Austrian politician, born in Bergen auf Rügen, Germany
  • 1942 Javier Solana, Spanish European Union foreign policy chief
  • 1946 Maureen O'Connor, American politician, first female Mayor of San Diego, born in San Diego, California
  • 1947 Claudia Kennedy, U.S. Army officer (first female three star general in US army), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1949 Niel Barnard, South African head of South Africa secret service (NIS), born in Otjiwarongo, South-West Africa
  • 1950 Bruce Oldfield, British fashion designer
  • 1951 Esther Dyson, computer publisher (Release 1.0), born in Zurich, Switzerland
  • 1952 Joel Silver, American producer (Warriors, Xanadu, Die Hard), born in South Orange, New Jersey
  • 1952 Franklin Graham, American evangelist, son of Billy Graham, born in Asheville, North Carolina
  • 1955 L. Brent Bozell, American author and activist
  • 1958 Anne Hegerty, English TV quiz show host (The Chaser), born in London, England
  • 1959 Susana Martinez, American politician (Governor of New Mexico) 1st female Hispanic US governor, born in El Paso, Texas
  • 1960 Anna Bligh, Australian politician, 1st woman Premier of Queensland (2007-12), born in Warwick, Australia
  • 1963 Phil Rosenthal, American newspaper columnist (Chicago Tribune), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1966 Brian Selznick, American author and illustrator (The Invention of Hugo Cabret), born in East Brunswick Township, New Jersey
  • 1967 Patrick J. Kennedy, American politician (Rep-D-Rhode Island 1995-2011), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1973 Adam Quinn, American bagpipe player (Lucid Druid)
  • 1977 Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, born in Solna, Sweden
  • 1982 Dmitry Chaplin, Russian dancer and choreographer (So You Think You Can Dance finalist), born in Rostov-on-Don, Russia

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1820 British PM Robert Peel (32) weds Sir John Floyd's daughter Julia at St George's, Hanover Square in London

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel

LoveWedding of Interest

1930 1st Filipino President Emilio Aguinaldo (61) weds second wife Maria Agoncillo (51) at Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo

LoveWedding of Interest

1956 30th Prime Minister of Cambodia Pol Pot (31) marries Khieu Ponnary

Dictator and Revolutionary Pol Pot
Dictator and Revolutionary
Pol Pot

Deaths in History

  • 664 Deusdedit of Canterbury, Archbishop of Canterbury (655-664), 1st Anglo Saxon Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 937 Arnulf 'the Bad', Duke of Bavaria (fought back Hungarian invaders)
  • 1223 King Philip II of France (1180-1223) dies at 57
  • 1298 Jacob de Voragine, Italian bishop and writer (Golden Legend), dies
  • 1575 Richard Taverner, English Bible translator (Taverner's Bible), dies at 70
  • 1614 Camillus de Lellis, Italian Roman Catholic saint (founder of the Ministers of the Sick), dies at 64
  • 1671 Méric Casaubon, French-English classical scholar (1st to translate Marcus Aurelius into English), dies at 71
  • 1711 Johan Willem Friso, Prince of Orange and monarch of Nassau-Dietz, drowns at 23
  • 1723 Claude Fleury, French priest and historian, dies at 82
  • 1742 Richard Bentley, English classical scholar who started the 1st written examinations in the West at Cambridge, dies at 80
  • 1744 Immanuel J. Pyra, German poet (Temple of True Poetry), dies at 28
  • 1762 Cornelis Hop, Amsterdams regent and diplomat, dies at 77
  • 1766 František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect and builder, dies at 91
  • 1770 David 't Kindt, Flemish architect (Mammelokker, Ghent), dies at 71
  • 1774 James O'Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley and Kilmaine, British field marshal (b. 1682)
  • 1779 George Ross, American judge and signer of the US Declaration of Independence, dies at 49
  • 1780 Charles Batteux, French philosopher, dies at 67
  • 1789 Jacques de Flesselles, French provost, shot and killed in the early days of the French Revolution at 58
  • 1789 Bernard-René de Launay, French governor of the Bastille prison, murdered during the storming of the Bastille (b.1740)
  • 1790 Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal, dies at 73
  • 1793 Jacques Cathelineau, French royalist, dies in battle at 44
  • 1812 Christian G. Heyne, German scholar and archaeologist, dies at 82
  • 1816 Francisco de Miranda, Venezuela freedom fighter, dies at 66
  • 1817 Madame de Staël [Anne Louise Germaine de Staël-Holstein], French-Swiss author (De l’Allemagne), dies at 51
  • 1827 Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (optics), dies at 39
  • 1830 Anthony van Haersolte, Dutch politician and member of Executing Regime, dies at 73
  • 1834 Edmond Charles Genêt, French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution (b. 1763)
  • 1850 August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
  • 1876 Thomas Hazlehurst, English Methodist chapel builder, dies at 60

Person of interestBilly the Kid

1881 Billy the Kid [William H Bonney], American frontier outlaw, shot by sheriff Pat Garrett and dies of gunshot wounds at 21

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • 1887 Alfred Krupp, German steel merchant and largest arms manufacturer of his day, dies at 75
  • 1897 John Franklin Farnsworth, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 77
  • 1902 Mark Antokolski, Russian French sculptor, dies at 58

Person of interestPaul Kruger

1904 Paul Kruger, 3rd President of South African Republic (1883-1900) and face of Boer resistance during the Second Boer War, dies of pneumonia at 78

3rd President of the South African Republic Paul Kruger
3rd President of the South African Republic
Paul Kruger
  • 1907 William Henry Perkin, English chemist and inventor (b. 1838)
  • 1918 Quentin Roosevelt, youngest son of United States President Theodore Roosevelt, killed in aerial combat over France on Bastille Day at 20
  • 1939 Alphonse Mucha, Czech Nouveau painter and artist, dies at 78
  • 1950 Āpirana Ngata, Māori New Zealand politician and lawyer known for promoting and protecting Māori culture and language, dies at 76
  • 1953 Richard von Mises, Austrian scientist and mathematician (probability theory), dies at 70
  • 1954 Jacinto Benavente y Martinez, Spanish playwright, dies at 87
  • 1958 'Abd al-Ilah, crown prince of Iraq, assassinated at Baghdad during the revolution at 44
  • 1958 Faisal II, King of Iraq (1939-58), son of Ghasi I, assassinated during the revolution at Baghdad at 23
  • 1958 Franciscus J. Feron, vicaris-general of Roermond, dies at 62
  • 1959 Grock [Adrien Wettach], Swiss clown and circus director, dies at 79

Person of interestAdlai Stevenson II

1965 Adlai Stevenson II, American politician (US Ambassador to UN, 1961-65; Governor of Illinois, 1949-53; Democratic presidential candidate, 1952 & 1956), dies at 65

US Governor and Presidential Candidate Adlai Stevenson II
US Governor and Presidential Candidate
Adlai Stevenson II
  • 1966 Julie Manet, French painter (b. 1878)
  • 1967 Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (b. 1880)
  • 1968 Westbrook Van Voorhis, American announcer (March of Time), dies at 64
  • 1968 Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (Kara-Bugaz), dies at 76
  • 1974 Henri Smajda, Tunisian French publisher (Combat), commits suicide at 77
  • 1974 Carl Spaatz, American World War II general and 1st Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force, dies at 83
  • 1980 Felix Berezin, Russian physicist and mathematician (Berezin integral), dies at 49
  • 1983 Arnout Colnot, Dutch painter and graphic artist, dies at 96
  • 1984 Ernest Tidyman, American writer (b. 1928)
  • 1986 Raymond Loewy, French-American industrial designer, dies at 92
  • 1989 Frank Bell, British educator and founder of The Bell Educational Trust Limited, dies at 72
  • 1994 Robert Jungk, Austrian journalist and philosopher (Nuclear State), dies at 81
  • 1995 Michael Naylor, English insurance broker (Endsleigh Insurance), dies at 59
  • 1996 Kenneth Bainbridge, American physicist (measurements of mass differences between nuclear isotopes), dies at 91
  • 1996 Kim Besly, British Peace activist (Greenham Common), dies at 69
  • 1998 Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (b. 1909)
  • 1998 Robert A. W. Lowndes, American sci-fi author (Puzzle Planet), dies at 81
  • 2000 William Roscoe Estep, American Baptist historian (b. 1920)
  • 2000 René Ríos Boettiger, Chilean cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 2002 Joaquín Balaguer, President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1906)
  • 2003 Éva Janikovszky, Hungarian novelist (b. 1926)
  • 2003 François-Albert Angers, French Canadian economist (b. 1909)

Person of interestCicely Saunders

2005 Cicely Saunders, English Nurse, physician and writer who founded the first modern hospice, dies of cancer at 87

Nurse and Social Worker Cicely Saunders
Nurse and Social Worker
Cicely Saunders
  • 2005 Dorothy Bolden, American civil and women's rights activist, and founder of the National Domestic Worker's Union of America, dies at 81
  • 2009 Phyllis Gotlieb, Canadian sci-fi novelist (Sunburst), dies at 83
  • 2010 Mădălina Manole, Romanian pop recording artist (b. 1967)
  • 2012 Sixten Jernberg, Swedish skier, dies at 83
  • 2017 Maryam Mirzakhani, Iranian mathematician, dies of breast cancer at 40