On This Day

On This Day in History for July 16

Events in History

  • 463 Start of Lunar Cycle of Hilarius
  • 622 Muslim Era begins - Muhammad begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hijra)
  • 1054 Beginning of the Great Schism between Western and Eastern churches when Roman Cardinal Humbert issues bull of excommunication against Cerularius, Patriarch of Constantinople, on the altar of the Hagia Sophia, Constantinople
  • 1099 Crusaders herd Jews of Jerusalem into a synagogue & set it afire
  • 1212 Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa [Battle of Al-Uqab]: combined Christian army defeats Almohad Muslim force in a turning point for Muslim power on Iberian peninsula
  • 1251 The Virgin Mary gives Simon Stock a Brown Scapular (legend)
  • 1338 The six Electors of the Holy Roman Empire signed the Agreement of Rhense confirming Emperor Louis IV.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1429 Joan of Arc and the French army enter the city of Rheims

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1439 Kissing is banned in England (to stop the Black Death from spreading)

BattleBattle of Interest

1465 Battle at Montlhéry between Louis XI and the League of the Public Weal

King of France Louis XI
King of France
Louis XI

Papal VisitThe Protestant Reformation

1519 Public debate between Martin Luther and theologian Johann Eck at Pleissenburg Castle in Liepzig, during which Luther denies the divine right of the Pope

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1517 copy of Martin Luther's 95 theses, the publication of which began the Protestant Reformation in Europe
1517 copy of Martin Luther's 95 theses, the publication of which began the Protestant Reformation in Europe
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  • 1548 La Paz, Bolivia, is founded
  • 1573 Alva demands submission of Zealand/Holland
  • 1618 Captain John Gilbert patents 1st dredger in Britain

Historic Publication1st European Banknote

1661 1st banknotes in Europe are issued by Bank of Stockholm

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The first European banknote, issued by Stockholms Banco of Sweden
The first European banknote, issued by Stockholms Banco of Sweden
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  • 1683 Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa reach Vienna

  • 1683 Manchu/Chinese Qing Dynasty naval forces under commander Shi Lang defeat the Kingdom of Tungning in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1755 John Adams graduates Harvard

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1769 Father Junipero Serra founds Mission San Diego the 1st mission in California

Missionary Junípero Serra
Junípero Serra

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 French King Louis XVI reinstates Jacques Necker as finance minister following riots at his dismissal

Finance Minister Jacques Necker
Finance Minister
Jacques Necker
King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1790 Congress declares the city of Washington in the District of Columbia, the permanent capital of the United States
  • 1798 US Public Health Service forms & US Marine Hospital authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1801 Pope Pius VII & 1st consul Napoleon sign concord

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
Bishop of Imola and Pope Pius VII
Bishop of Imola and Pope
Pius VII
  • 1809 La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva led by Pedro Domingo Murillo, the 1st independent government in Spanish America

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1819 Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen sets sail to explore Antarctica for Tsar Alexander I

  • 1856 Statue of Laurens Jansz Coster unveiled in Haarlem
  • 1857 Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore
  • 1861 Manassas Campaign [->JUL 22]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 David Farragut is 1st Rear Admiral in US Navy

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • 1863 Utrecht-Swells railway opens
  • 1867 Amstel Hotel, "the dignified old lady" opens in Amsterdam
  • 1867 D.R. Averill of Ohio patents ready-mixed paint
  • 1867 Joseph Monier patents reinforced concrete
  • 1880 Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practise medicine in Canada.
  • 1894 Many negro miners in Alabama killed by striking white miners
  • 1894 Treaty of Aoki-Kimberley signed between Japan & England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1897 The South African Committee, investigating the Jameson Raid releases its report finding that it was conducted almost implicitly through the support and encouragement of Cecil Rhodes and the mining houses in the Transvaal

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1900 A report appears in London that all foreigners in Peking, China, have been massacred. Although soon exposed as false, the report helps mobilize support for relief of foreigners
  • 1900 Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria
  • 1901 The Fawcett Commission headed by Millicent Fawcett is established as a result of an outcry against the treatment of Afrikaners in concentration camps during the South African War
  • 1904 Islands of Manu'a group (Samoa) ceded to US by their chiefs
  • 1909 Det & Wash play longest scoreless game in AL history-18 innings
  • 1912 Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patents by B A Fiske
  • 1914 Socialist conference in Brussels (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg)
  • 1920 Gen Amos Fries appointed 1st US army chemical warfare chief

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Encouraged by the British, King Constantine of Greece launches a drive to take Asia Minor from nationalists under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1924 Conference over German recovery payments begins in London
  • 1925 The first parliament in Iraq opened by King Feisal in Baghdad
  • 1926 Jaspar government asks authority to save Belgian franc
  • 1926 National Geographic takes 1st natural-color undersea photos
  • 1927 Augusto Sandino begins 5½ year war against US occupation of Nicaragua
  • 1935 First automatic parking meter in the United States is installed in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • 1936 1st x-ray photo of arterial circulation, Rochester, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Adolf Hitler orders preparations for the invasion of Britain (Operation Sealion)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 NSB'er Woudenberg appointed as NVV-trustee
  • 1941 100°F (38°C) highest temperature ever recorded in Seattle, Washington
  • 1942 French police arrest 13,152 Jews in Paris
  • 1942 Jews transported from Holland to extermination camp

USAManhattan Project

1945 1st test detonation of an atomic bomb, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico as part of the US Manhattan Project

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'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
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  • 1945 Cruiser Indianapolis leaves San Francisco with atom bomb
  • 1946 Attempt made to recall Mayor Lapham (1st time in San Francisco history)
  • 1946 US court martial sentences 46 members of the SS to death (Battle of Bulge crimes) in Dachau
  • 1950 Single day 16 team HR record set at 37 (NL-25, AL-12)
  • 1951 King Leopold III of Belgium abdicates
  • 1951 Len Hutton scores his 100th 100, Yorkshire v Surrey at The Oval
  • 1956 Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes part of Russian SFSR
  • 1956 King Faisal of Iraq begins visit to England
  • 1956 Last Ringling Bros, Barnum & Bailey Circus under a canvas tent

Historic ExpeditionJohn Glenn Orbits Earth

1957 US Marine Major John Glenn sets transcontinental speed record (03:28:08)

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John Glenn, the first American to orbit the Earth, getting into his spacecraft Friendship 7 in 1962
John Glenn, the first American to orbit the Earth, getting into his spacecraft Friendship 7 in 1962
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  • 1960 George Crowe sets record of 12 pinch hit HRs with a runner on
  • 1963 Amazon river carries 190,000 m3/sec of water (record)
  • 1964 Republican convention selects Barry Goldwater as presidential candidate
  • 1965 Mont Blanc Road tunnel between France & Italy opens
  • 1966 Number of banned persons in South Africa totals 936; the individuals are banned under various laws, most prominently the Suppression of Communism and Riotous Assembly Acts
  • 1966 Nigeria becomes the first Anglophone independent state in Africa to become an associate member of European Economic Community
  • 1967 Prison brawl ignites barracks, killing 37 (Jay, Florida)
  • 1967 Monkees perform at Forest Hills NY, Jimi Hendrix is opening act

Historic ExpeditionApollo 11 Bootprint

1969 Apollo 11 launched, carrying 1st men to land on Moon

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Buzz Aldrin's bootprint, one of the first steps taken on the Moon
Buzz Aldrin's bootprint, one of the first steps taken on the Moon
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  • 1970 Iraq's constitution goes into effect
  • 1970 Reds spoil Pirates debut in Pittsburgh's Three Rivers Stadium, 3-2
  • 1970 9th British Commonwealth Games open in Edinburgh, Scotland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Franco appoints prince Juan Carlos as deputy in Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1971 The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) withdraw from Stormont (North Ireland Parliament) after no inquiry is announced into the shooting dead of Seamus Cusack and Desmond Beattie
  • 1972 Dimitrios Papadopoulos becomes 269th patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1972 Smokey Robinson & Miracles final live performance
  • 1973 During Watergate hearings, Butterfield reveals existence of tapes
  • 1976 Rock duo Loggins & Messina break-up after 6 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Premier/pres al-Bakr of Iraq is succeeded by Saddam Hussein

Iraqi President and Dictator Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President and Dictator
Saddam Hussein
  • 1980 Polish railway workers block railway to Russia

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1980 Ronald Reagan nominated for US President by Republicans in Detroit

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1981 India performs nuclear Test
  • 1981 Shukuni Sasaki spins 72 plates simultaneously

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 George P. Shultz is sworn in as the 60th US Secretary of State

US Secretary of State George P. Shultz
US Secretary of State
George P. Shultz
  • 1982 NASA launches Landsat 4 to thematic map the Earth
  • 1982 Sun Myung Moon sentenced to 18 months for tax fraud
  • 1982 CDC report on AIDS symptoms in three hemophiliacs
  • 1983 Sikorsky S-61 disaster: A helicopter crashes off the Isles of Scilly, causing 20 fatalities in Britain's worst helicopter accident
  • 1985 Bill to abolish Greater London Council receives royal assent
  • 1987 Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1987 Said Aouita runs world record 2000m (4:50.81)

Birthdays in History

  • 1194 Saint Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi and founder of the Order of Poor Ladies (the Poor Clares), born in Assisi, Italy (d. 1253)
  • 1571 Theodoor Galle, Flemish engraver, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1633)
  • 1611 Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria, Queen of Poland, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1644)
  • 1704 John Kay, English inventor (developed the flying shuttle), born in Lancashire, England (d. around 1779)
  • 1714 Marc René, Marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer, born in Angoulême, France (d. 1800)
  • 1715 Charles de Rohan, Prince de Soubise, Marshal of France, born in Paris (d. 1787)
  • 1722 Joseph Wilton, English sculptor (Westminster Abbey), born in London (d. 1803)
  • 1723 Joshua Reynolds, English portrait painter (Simplicity), born in Plympton, Devon, England (d. 1792)
  • 1746 Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (found 1st asteroid-Ceres), born in Ponte in Valtellina, Italy (d. 1826)
  • 1796 Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1875)

Person of interestMary Baker Eddy

1821 Mary Baker Eddy, American founder of the religious movement, Christian Science (Science & Health), born in Bow, New Hampshire (d. 1910)

Christian Science Founder Mary Baker Eddy
Christian Science Founder
Mary Baker Eddy
  • 1823 James Isham Gilbert, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1884)
  • 1829 Robert Brown Potter, American lawyer and Major General (Union Army), born in Schenectady, New York (d. 1887)
  • 1834 Peter Leyten, Bishop of Breda (1885-1914) (d. 1914)
  • 1839 Philippus Jacobus Hoedemaker, Dutch theologist, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1910)
  • 1860 Otto Jespersen, Danish linguist, born in Randers, Denmark (d. 1943)
  • 1862 Ida Bell Wells-Barnett, American journalist and civil rights activist, born in Holly Springs, Mississippi (d. 1931)
  • 1865 George A. Birmingham, Irish clergyman and novelist, born in Belfast (d. 1950)
  • 1870 Lambert McKenna, Irish editor and lexicographer, born in Clontarf, County Dublin, Ireland (d. 1956)

Person of interestRoald Amundsen

1872 Roald Amundsen, Norwegian polar explorer who led the 1st expedition to the South Pole, born in Borge, Østfold, Norway (d. 1928)

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1877 Béla Schick, Hungarian-American paediatrician (Schick test), born in Balatonboglár, Hungary (d. 1967)
  • 1884 Anna Vyrubova, Russian lady-in-waiting, the best friend and confidante of Tsaritsa Alexandra Fyodorovna, born in Oranienbaum, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • 1888 Frits Zernike, Dutch physicist, invented phase-contrast microscope (Nobel 1953), born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)
  • 1896 Maurits Dekker, Dutch writer (Merkteken), born in Amsterdam (d. 1962)
  • 1896 Trygve Lie, Norwegian politician and 1st Secretary-General of the United Nations (1946-52), born in Oslo (d. 1968)
  • 1896 Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, German human biologist and Nazi physician, born in Wildeck, German Empire (d. 1969)
  • 1899 Eunice Hunton Carter, 1st African American female district attorney (NY), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1970)
  • 1902 Alexander Luria, Russian neuropsychologist (Higher Cortical Functions in Man), born in Kazan, Russian Empire (d. 1977)
  • 1904 Leo Joseph Suenens, Belgian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, born in Ixelles, Belgium (d. 1996)

Person of interestOrville Redenbacher

1907 Orville Redenbacher, American popcorn magnate (Orville Redenbacher's Gourmet Popcorn), born in Brazil, Indiana (d. 1995)

Businessman Orville Redenbacher
Orville Redenbacher
  • 1908 Aruna Asaf Ali, Indian independence activist and politician (first Mayor of Delhi), born in Kalka, Punjab, British India (d. 1996)
  • 1908 Maurice Adams, British surgeon and rear admiral
  • 1909 Geoffrey Bryan Bentley, British Canon of Windsor and moral theologian (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Hugh Ford, British mechanic engineer, born in Northampton, England (d. 2010)
  • 1915 Annie Llewelyn-Davies, Baroness Llewelyn-Davies of Hastoe, British Labour Party politician, born in Birkenhead, England (d. 1997)
  • 1915 Edward Miller, British historian and Master (Fitzwilliam College Cambridge), born in Acklington Park, Warkworth, Northumberland (d. 2000)
  • 1916 Harold Locke, archdeacon of Loughborough
  • 1918 George Mueller, NASA Systems Engineer (managed 1969 Moon landing), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2015)
  • 1919 Choi Kyu-hah, President of South Korea, born in Wŏnju, South Korea (d. 2006)
  • 1919 Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal and female camp guard at Ravensbrück and Majdanek concentration camps, born in Vienna, Republic of German-Austria (d. 1999)
  • 1921 Trevor Illtyd Williams, scientific writer, born in Bristol, England (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Bernard W. Rogers, United States Army general who served as the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army and NATO's Supreme Allied Commander, Europe, born in Fairview, Kansas (d. 2008)
  • 1923 Reg Prentice, British government minister, born in Croydon, Surrey (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Chris Argyris, American business theorist and educator, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2013)
  • 1926 Brian Howard, deputy chairman (Marks & Spencer), born in Blackpool, England (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Philip Randle, British biochemist (Randle cycle), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Irwin Rose, American biologist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 2004), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1927 John Freeland, Legal advisor UK foreign office and judge at the European Court of Human Rights, born in London (d. 2014)
  • 1927 Shirley Hughes, English author and illustrator (Dogger), born in West Kirby, England
  • 1928 James Kilfedder, Northern Ireland unionist politician, born in Kinlough, Ireland (d. 1995)
  • 1928 Ray Thornton, American politician (Democratic U.S. Representative for Arkansas), born in Conway, Arkansas (d. 2016)
  • 1928 Robert Sheckley, American sci-fi author (10th Victim, Mindswap), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1928 Anita Brookner, English novelist (Hotel du Lac) and art historian, born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Michael Morland, High court judge
  • 1930 Michael Bilirakis, American politician, Republican U.S. House of Representatives from Florida, born in Tarpon Springs, Florida
  • 1931 Lady Caroline Blackwood, British journalist and writer (The Last of the Duchess), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1932 Richard Thornburgh, 76th United States Attorney General (1988-91) and 41st Governor of Pennsylvania, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2020) [1]
  • 1934 Donald Payne, New Jersey Congressman (1989-2012), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Richard Bryan, American attorney and politician (25th Governor of Nevada), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1939 Marion Pitt, social worker/writer
  • 1939 Mariele Ventre, Italian choir director, born in Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy (d. 1995)
  • 1941 George Young, Baron Young of Cookham, British minister of housing & planning, born in Oxford, England
  • 1941 Hans Wiegel, Dutch commissioner of the queen (Frisia), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 1941 Jan Krajenbrink, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (CDA), born in Oostwold, Netherlands
  • 1942 Frank Field, British Labour politician, born in Edmonton, Middlesex
  • 1943 Stanley Gebler Davies, journalist/drinker
  • 1943 Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban poet and novelist (Pentagonia), born in Aguas Claras, Holguín Province, Cuba (d. 1990)
  • 1945 Diana Warwick, Baroness Warwick of Undercliffe, Labour member of the House of Lords
  • 1946 Barbara Lee, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in El Paso, Texas
  • 1947 Roelof Petrus Meyer, South African under minister of Law & Order etc, born in Port Elizabeth, South Africa
  • 1947 Alexis Herman, American politician (23rd U.S. Secretary of Labor), born in Mobile, Alabama
  • 1947 Assata Shakur, American activist Black Liberation Army) and wanted by FBI, born in Queens, New York
  • 1949 Cyndy Garvey, wife of Steve Garvey, talk show host (AM LA), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1950 Valery Yevgenyevich Maksimenko, Russian colonel and cosmonaut, born in Tyumen, Russia
  • 1950 Pierre Paradis, Quebec politician (Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food), born in Bedford, Quebec
  • 1951 Esther Friesner, American sci-fi author (Witchwood Cradle), born in NYC, New York
  • 1951 Jean-Luc Mongrain, French-Canadian journalist, born in Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada
  • 1952 Robert David Steele, American activist and former CIA officer, born in NYC, New York
  • 1953 Douglas J. Feith, American Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1954 Jeanette Mott Oxford, American activist and politician, born in Eldorado, Illinois
  • 1957 Alan Donnelly, British Labour Party politician, born in Jarrow, England
  • 1957 Alexandra Marinina, Russian writer (Igra Na Chuzhom Pole), born in Lviv, Ukraine
  • 1958 Pierre Roland Renoir, Canadian artist, born in Monaco
  • 1958 Mike Rogers, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama), born in Hammond, Indiana
  • 1966 Mike Horn, South African explorer, 1st to reach North Pole without dog or motorized transport, born in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1968 Larry Sanger, American co-founder of Wikipedia, born in Bellevue, Washington
  • 1973 Tim Ryan, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio), born in Niles, Ohio
  • 1977 Bryan Budd, British soldier (VC recipient), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 2006)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1857 Confederate general Thomas Jackson (33) weds Mary Anna Morrison in Lincoln County

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson

LoveWedding of Interest

1892 Impressionist Painter Claude Monet (51) weds longtime companion Alice Hoschedé

Impressionist Painter Claude Monet
Impressionist Painter
Claude Monet
  • 1994 Anna Nicole Smith (26) weds ½ billionaire J Howard Marshall II (89)

LoveWedding of Interest

2000 Garfield cartoonist Jim Davis (54) weds Jill Davis

Garfield Cartoonist Jim Davis
Garfield Cartoonist
Jim Davis
  • 2016 Survivor winner and cancer survivor Ethan Zohn (42) weds interior designer Lisa Heywood in North Bennington, Vermont

Deaths in History

  • 276 Mark Annius Florianus, emperor of Rome (276), murdered
  • 599 Monulphus, bishop of Tongeren-Maastricht (St Servaaskerk), dies
  • 1139 Walram II, duke of Limburg/Neth-Lutherans, dies
  • 1216 Innocent III [Lotario de' Conti di Segni], Italian Pope (1198-1216), dies at 54 or 55
  • 1324 Emperor Go-Uda, 91st Emperor of Japan, dies at 56
  • 1342 King Charles I of Hungary
  • 1482 John van Schaffelaar, Gelders knight, dies
  • 1546 Anne Askew, English Protestant (burned at the stake) (b. 1521)

Person of interestAnne of Cleves

1557 Anne of Cleves, Queen of England (1539-40), 4th wife of Henry VIII, dies at 41

Queen of England Anne of Cleves
Queen of England
Anne of Cleves
  • 1590 Bartholomaeus of Braga [Fernandez], Dominican theologian and Archbishop Emeritus of Braga, dies at 76

Person of interestThomas Kyd

1594 Thomas Kyd, English dramatist (The Spanish Tragedy), dies at 35

Dramatist and Playwright Thomas Kyd
Dramatist and Playwright
Thomas Kyd
  • 1647 Masaniello [Tommaso Aniello], Italian fisherman and leader of the 1647 Naples revolt against the rule of Habsburg Spain, assassinated by a group of grain merchants at 27
  • 1664 Andreas Gryphius, German lyric poet and dramatist, dies at 47
  • 1686 John Pearson, English theologian (b. 1612)
  • 1691 Francois Michel le Tellier, French statesman (Marquis de Louvois), dies at 82
  • 1730 Elijiah Fenton, poet, dies
  • 1736 Thomas Yalden, poet/fable writer, dies
  • 1747 Giuseppe Maria Crespi, painter/etcher, dies
  • 1764 Ivan VI, Emperor of Russia (1740-41), murdered at 23
  • 1770 Francis Cotes, English painter (b. 1726)
  • 1782 Louise Ulrike, queen of Sweden and wife of Adolf Frederik, dies at 61
  • 1796 George Howard, British field marshal, dies at 78
  • 1831 Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (b. 1763)
  • 1843 Hubert Matthijs Adriaan Jan van Asch van Wijck, Dutch lawyer and politician, dies at 68
  • 1857 Pierre-Jean de Baranger, poet, dies
  • 1864 Victor Girardey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 27
  • 1871 Tad Lincoln, youngest son of U.S. president Abraham Lincoln, dies at 18
  • 1879 Edward Deas Thomson, Australian politician (b. 1800)

Person of interestMary Todd Lincoln

1882 Mary Todd Lincoln, American wife of Abraham Lincoln and US First Lady (1861-65), dies of a stroke at 63

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
  • 1886 Ned Buntline [Edward Zane Carroll Judson], author, dies
  • 1887 Nicaise de Keyser, Flemish painter (Battle at Woeringen), dies at 73
  • 1889 Michele Amari, Italian historian/minister of Education, dies at 83
  • 1890 Gottfried Keller, German-Swiss novelist and poet, dies at 70
  • 1896 Edmond-Louis-Antoine Huot de Goncourt, novelist, dies at 74
  • 1896 William Hamilton Gibson, illustrator/author/novelist, dies
  • 1897 Levin Goldschmidt, German business law expert, dies at 1897
  • 1905 Bryan Morel Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 69

Person of interestEllen G. White

1915 ellen white, American co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, dies at 87

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White
  • 1916 Victor Horsley, English physician and neuroscientist, dies while serving in Iraq in WWI at 59
  • 1918 José de Diego, Puerto Rican patriot and advocate for Puerto Rico's independence from Spain and the U.S., dies at 52
  • 1923 Louis Couperus, Dutch poet and writer (Books of Small Soles), dies at 60
  • 1931 Alice Pike Barney, American painter, dies at 74
  • 1934 Alaska P. Davidson, America's first female FBI agent, dies at 66
  • 1939 Beatrice Erskine Lane Suzuki, Zen student, dies
  • 1944 Johannes Post, Dutch farmer and resistance fighter (passage fight), executed at 37
  • 1947 Horatio Mbelle, South African interpreter, community leader and politician, dies in Pretoria at 77
  • 1949 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian philosopher, playwright and poet, dies at 83
  • 1953 Hilaire Belloc, Anglo-French author (Path to Rome), dies at 82
  • 1955 Jean de Merode [Marie-Louise Courtenay], Belgian princess, dies at 81
  • 1960 John P. Marquand, American writer (The Late George Apley), dies at 66

Person of interestAlbert Kesselring

1960 Albert Kesselring, German general during World War II (Commander-in-Chief South and West), dies of a heart attack at 74

German General Albert Kesselring
German General
Albert Kesselring
  • 1962 Jan Romein, Dutch historian (Breaking of Two Ages), dies at 68
  • 1971 H T Tsiang, dies at 65
  • 1973 Nine van de Schaaf, Dutch author (Fries dorpsleven), dies at 91
  • 1976 Carmelo Soria, Spanish diplomat assassinated in 1976 by the Chilean DINA
  • 1979 James F Mcintyre, archbishop of Los Angeles, dies at 93
  • 1980 Robert Brackman, American artist, dies at 81
  • 1982 Leendert Braat, sculptor/writer (White World), dies
  • 1982 C. R. Swart, South African politician (1st State President of South Africa 1961-67), dies at 88
  • 1985 Heinrich Böll, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
  • 1990 Robert Blackburn, Irish educationist (International Baccalaureate Organisation), dies at 62
  • 1991 Cornelis Z Forster [Da Kuneisi], Suriname granman/gaanman, dies
  • 1991 Frank Rizzo, (Mayor-D-Philadelphia, 1972-80), dies of a heart attack at 70
  • 1991 Robert Motherwell, American painter (Elegies to Spanish Rep), dies at 76
  • 1992 Patrick Meaney, British businessman and CEO (Rank Organization), dies at 67
  • 1994 M Vink, surgeon (1st Dutch kidney transplant), dies at 78
  • 1994 Julian Schwinger, American physicist (1965 Nobel Prize in Physics for quantum electrodynamics), dies at 76
  • 1995 Eleanore "May" Sarton, Belgian-American writer (Land of Silence), dies at 83
  • 1995 Mordechai Gur, Israeli general, commits suicide at 65
  • 1995 Peter Francis de Sautoy, publisher, dies at 83
  • 1995 Stephen Spender, English poet and critic (Vienna, Edge of Darkness), dies at 86
  • 1996 Adolf von Thadden, German politician, (b. 1921)
  • 1997 Dora Maar, French photographer, painter and poet, lover of Picasso, dies at 89
  • 1998 John Henrik Clarke, American historian and scholar (b. 1915)
  • 1999 Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, wife of John F. Kennedy, Jr. (b. 1966)

Person of interestJohn F. Kennedy Jr.

1999 John F. Kennedy Jr, American magazine publisher (George), lawyer and son of JFK, dies in a plane crash at 38

Publisher and Lawyer John F. Kennedy Jr.
Publisher and Lawyer
John F. Kennedy Jr.
  • 2001 Maurice De Bevere, Belgian cartoonist (b. 1923)
  • 2002 John Cocke, American computer scientist (b. 1925)
  • 2003 Carol Shields, American-Canadian novelist (The Stone Diaries) and short story writer, dies at 68
  • 2004 George Busbee, Governor of Georgia (b. 1927)
  • 2005 Pietro Consagra, Italian sculptor (b. 1920)
  • 2005 Prince Gu of Korea (b. 1931)
  • 2006 Winthrop Paul Rockefeller, Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas (b. 1948)
  • 2013 Barun De, Indian historian, dies at 80
  • 2019 John Paul Stevens, American lawyer and 103rd Supreme Court Justice (1975-2010), dies from complications of a stroke at 99