On This Day

On This Day in History for July 18

Events in History

  • 390 BC Roman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia - Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leads to subsequent sacking of Rome

RomanRoman Empire

64 Great Fire of Rome begins under the Emperor Nero

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1290 King Edward I orders expulsion of Jews from England, this edict will remain in place for 350 years

King of England Edward I
King of England
Edward I


1323 Pope John XXII proclaims theologian Thomas Aquinas a saint in Avignon

  • 1334 The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone
  • 1536 Pope's authority declared void in England
  • 1572 Willem of Orange recognized as viceroy of Holland/Friesland/Utrecht
  • 1630 Spanish troops occupy Mantua
  • 1656 -20] Battle at Warsaw: Swedish King Charles X Gustav beats John II Casimir and occupies Warsaw

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1696 Tsar Peter I's fleet occupies Azov at mouth of Don River

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1716 Decree orders all Jews expelled from Brussels
  • 1737 Battle at Banja Luka: Turkish army beats Austrians
  • 1743 1st half-page newspaper ad is published (NY Weekly Journal)
  • 1753 Lemuel Haynes, escapes from slave holder in Framingham, Massachusetts
  • 1766 Society of the Dutch Literary forms
  • 1768 Boston Gazette publishes "Liberty Song", America's 1st patriotic song

  • 1814 British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisconsin)
  • 1853 Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine and Montreal
  • 1857 Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French
  • 1861 Battle of Blackburn's Ford, Virginia
  • 1862 Battle of Newburgh, Indiana - captured by Union forces
  • 1863 Battle of Fort Wagner, South Carolina - Second assault

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 US President Abraham Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for military service

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1870 Pope Pius IX and the First Vatican Council officially proclaim the concept of papal infallibility
  • 1872 The Ballot Act introduces the secret ballot in elections in Britain; previously votes made openly
  • 1882 Louisville Tony Mullane is 1st to pitch righty then lefty
  • 1892 First human test of a vaccine against cholera; Ukrainian bacteriologist Waldemar Huffkine risks his life by testing it on himself
  • 1897 Cap Anson is 1st to get 3,000 hits
  • 1907 Florenz Ziegfeld's "Follies of 1907" premieres in NYC
  • 1907 French troops occupy Casablanca
  • 1913 After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk
  • 1914 US army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Gandhi leaves South Africa after successfully leading campaigns of Passive Resistance

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1915 Second Battle of Isonzo begins and ends with over 80,000 casualties
  • 1918 World War I: US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive
  • 1921 Black Sox trial begins in Chicago

  • 1923 British House of Lords accepts new divorce law
  • 1924 KPD points out Rote Frontkampferbund against Nazi

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1925 Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf (original title was the catchy "Four and a Half Years (of Struggle) Against Lies, Stupidity and Cowardice")

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1926 The South Africa author and journalist, Herman Charles Bosman, shoots and kills his stepbrother David Russell during a quarrel
  • 1931 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
  • 1932 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign Ouchy Convention, a customs treaty
  • 1932 US and Canada sign a treaty to develop St Lawrence Seaway
  • 1935 Amsterdam city council accept city growth plan through the year 2000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Spanish Civil War: General Francisco Franco issues manifesto and leads an uprising in the Spanish army stationed in Morocco

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Charles "Lucky" Luciano is sentenced to 30 to 50 years in state prison

Historic DiscoveryOops, Wrong Way!

1938 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland after a 28 hours flight, supposedly left NY flying for California

Learn More
Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan with his "Sunshine", at Baldonnel Aerodrome, Ireland
Learn More

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1940 Democratic Convention nominates FDR for a 3rd term

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1941 SS drowns 40 Jews in Dvina River, Belorussia
  • 1942 Test flight of German Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jet engines for the first time
  • 1943 British assault on Catania, Sicily
  • 1944 7:45 Operation Goodwood: British assault east of Caen
  • 1944 Allies air raid railways at Vaires, Paris
  • 1944 Arne Andersson runs world record 1 mile (4:01.6)
  • 1944 RAF Mosquitos attack Cologne and Berlin
  • 1944 British air raid on German convoy SW of Heligoland
  • 1944 British troops occupy Bourquebus hill range, Normandy
  • 1944 Polish troops under General Anders occupy Ancona Italy
  • 1944 US troop march into St Lo
  • 1947 British seize "Exodus 1947" ship of Jewish immigrants to Palestine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 King George VI signs Indian Independence Act

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • 1947 US President Harry Truman signs Presidential Succession Act
  • 1947 US begins administering Trust Territory of Pacific Islands
  • 1951 Uruguay accepts its constitution
  • 1955 1st electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially
  • 1955 280 mm rain in Martinstown, Dorset (UK-record)
  • 1956 Erno Gero succeeds Matyas Rákosi as party leader of Hungary
  • 1958 6th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games open in Cardiff, Wales
  • 1960 1st UN troops reach Congo
  • 1960 Premier Kishi of Japan resigns
  • 1961 Commissioner Ford Frick rules Babe Ruth's record of 60 HR in 154-game sched in 1927, must be broken in 1st 154 of 162 games
  • 1963 Failed military coup in Syria
  • 1963 The United Nations Special Committee on Apartheid releases its second interim report pressing for international sanctions against South Africa, particularly the supply of arms, ammunition and petroleum
  • 1964 Race riot in Harlem (NYC); riots spread to Bedford-Stuyvesant (Brooklyn)
  • 1965 Zond 3 launched to fly by Moon, enters solar orbit
  • 1966 Carl Sagan turns 1 billion seconds old
  • 1966 Gemini 10 launches John Young & Michael Collins
  • 1967 Silver hits record $1.87 an ounce in NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 The Intel Corporation is founded in Santa Clara, California

Semiconductor Pioneer and CEO of Intel Andrew Grove
Semiconductor Pioneer and CEO of Intel
Andrew Grove
  • 1970 Arthur Brown arrested for stripping on stage in Palemo Sicily
  • 1970 Ron Hunt gets hit by a pitch for a record 119th time
  • 1972 200,000 attend Mt Pocono rock festival in Penns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Egyptian president Anwar Sadat throws out 20,000 Russian military aides

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1972 Mike Procter 8-73 with hat-trick, plus 51 and 102, Gloucs v Essex
  • 1972 The 100th British soldier to die in the Northern Ireland "troubles" is shot by a sniper in Belfast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Leader of the British Labour Party Harold Wilson holds meeting with representatives of the Irish Republican Army

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • 1974 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 World's tallest structure, 646 metre Polish radio mast, completed
  • 1976 Stockhausens "Sirius" premieres in NYC
  • 1976 Thiokol conducts 2-min firing of space shuttle's SRB at Brigham, Ut
  • 1977 Hugh Leonard's "Da" premieres in London
  • 1977 Vietnam becomes a member of the UN
  • 1978 Egyptian and Israeli officials begin 2 days of talks
  • 1979 Gold hits record $303.85 an ounce in London
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 Failed attack on Iran ex-premier Bakhtiar in Neuilly, France
  • 1980 Federal court voids Selective Service Act as it doesn't include women
  • 1980 Quett Masire installed as President of Botswana
  • 1980 Rohini 1, 1st Indian satellite, launches into orbit
  • 1981 Polish communist party selects ex-party leader Edward Gierek

Birthdays in History

  • 1340 Philip van Artevelde, Flemish leader and wine salesman, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1382)
  • 1501 Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark, born in Brussels (d. 1526)
  • 1504 Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss religious reformer, born in Bremgarten, Switzerland (d. 1575)
  • 1534 Zacharias Ursinus, German theologist (Heidelberger Catechism), born in Breslau, Silesia (d. 1583)
  • 1552 Rudolf II von Habsburg, Emperor of Germany (1576-1612), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1612)
  • 1634 Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1684-91), born in Haarlem, Dutch Republic (d. 1695)

Person of interestRobert Hooke

1635 Robert Hooke, English scientist (Micrographia), born in Isle of Wight, England (d. 1703)

Scientist Robert Hooke
Robert Hooke
  • 1718 Saverio Bettinelli, Italian Jesuit writer, born in Mantua, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1808)
  • 1720 Gilbert White, English naturalist (Natural History and Antiquities of Selborn), born in Selborne, Hampshire (d. 1793)
  • 1796 Feargus O'Connor, Leader of English Chartists, born in County Cork (d. 1855)
  • 1797 Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher, born in Jena, Saxe-Weimar (d. 1879)
  • 1811 William Makepeace Thackeray, British novelist (Vanity Fair), born in Kolkata, India (d. 1863)
  • 1818 Louis Gerhard De Geer, 1st Swedish Prime Minister (1876-80), born in Finspång Castle, Sweden (d. 1896)
  • 1823 Leonard Fulton Ross, American lawyer, probate judge, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Lewistown, Illinois (d. 1901)
  • 1827 Pierre-Lambert Goossens, Belgian archbishop of Mechelen and Cardinal Primate of Belgium, born in Perk, Steenokkerzeel, Belgium (d. 1906)
  • 1837 Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary, born in Karlovo, Rumelia, Bulgaria (d. 1873)
  • 1845 Tristan Corbière, French poet, born in Morlaix, Brittany, France (d. 1875)
  • 1850 Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (Curfew Must Not Ring) and writer, born in Mishawaka, Indiana, Kansas (d. 1939)
  • 1853 Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, Dutch physicist (electromagnetic radiation, Nobel 1902), born in Arnherm, Netherlands (d.1928)
  • 1862 Victor, Prince Napoléon (Napoléon V), French pretender to throne, born in Palais-Royal, Paris (d. 1926)
  • 1862 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1864 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", born in Braunschweig (d. 1947)
  • 1864 Phillip Snowden, British politician, 1st Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, born in Cowling, Yorkshire (d. 1937)
  • 1865 Laurence Housman, English author and playwright (Victoria Regina), born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, England (d. 1959)
  • 1871 Giacomo Balla, Italian painter (Dog at a Rope), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1958)
  • 1882 Manuel Gálvez, Argentine novelist (La maestra normal), born in Paraná, Argentina (d. 1962)
  • 1884 Alberto di Jorio, Italian Cardinal and former head of the Vatican Bank, born in Rome (d. 1979)

Person of interestVidkun Quisling

1887 Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian Minister of Defense and Prime Minister (1942-45), born in Fyresdal, Norway (d. 1945)

Prime Minister of Norway and Nazi Collaborator Vidkun Quisling
Prime Minister of Norway and Nazi Collaborator
Vidkun Quisling
  • 1888 Alexander Rosemeier, Indonesian-Dutch painter, born in Soerakarta, Java (d. 1992)
  • 1888 Sydney Horler, English detective writer (Checkmate), born in Leytonstone, Essex (d. 1954)
  • 1890 Charles Erwin Wilson, American engineer (President and CEO of General Motors) and politician (United States Secretary of Defense 1953-57), born in Minerva, Ohio (d. 1961)
  • 1890 Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (the shortest-serving prime minister in Australia's history-8 days), born in Mitchell, Queensland, Australia (d. 1983)

Person of interestGeorge "Machine Gun" Kelly

1895 George Machine Gun Kelly [Georgio Barnes], American gangster, born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1954)

  • 1898 Herbert Marcuse, German-American communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1979)
  • 1899 Willem Kernkamp, Dutch minister of Colonies (Islam & Woman), born in Edam, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1900 Nathalie Sarraute [Tcherniak], French writer (Childhood, Portrait of a Man Unknown, The Golden Fruits), born in Ivanovo, Russia (d. 1999)
  • 1906 Clifford Odets, American dramatist (1961 Award of Merit-Golden Boy), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1963)
  • 1906 S. I. Hayakawa, U.S. senator from California (1977–83) and educator (Language in Action), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 1992)
  • 1908 Peace Pilgrim [Mildred Lisette Norman], American peace activist, born in Egg Harbor City, New Jersey (d. 1981)
  • 1909 Andrei Gromyko, Soviet politician (President of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), born in Staryya Hramyki, Mogilev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1989) [OS 7/5]
  • 1909 Mohammed Daoud Khan, 1st President of Afghanistan (1973-78) and Prime Minister of Afghanistan (1953-63), born in Kabul, Afghanistan (d. 1978)
  • 1911 Alexander Hyatt King, Mozart scholar, born in Beckenham, England (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Harry Levin, American literary scholar, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Henry Louis Miller, American Rear Admiral (WW II-Pacific), born in Fairbanks, Alaska (d. 1993)
  • 1913 Jan Slot, Dutch mayor (Eethen/Hardenberg/Ede), born in Broek op Langedijk, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • 1914 John G Bearer, writer (Metro, Drunken Canary, Fast Heartbeat)
  • 1914 Jo [Jozef Maria Laurens Theo] Cals, Prime Minister of Netherlands (1965-66) and Minister of Education, Arts and Sciences, born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1971)
  • 1915 Anthony Wakefield Cox, English architect, born in Park Road, Peterborough (d. 1993)
  • 1915 Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter (d. 1945)
  • 1916 Isaäc Arend Diepenhorst, Dutch lawyer and Minister of Education, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • 1916 Kenneth Armitage, English sculptor, born in Leeds, England (d. 2002)

Person of interestNelson Mandela

1918 Nelson Mandela, South African anti-apartheid activist, political prisoner (1962-90) and President of South Africa (1994-99), born in Mvezo, Umtatu, South Africa (d. 2013)

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela

Person of interestJohn Glenn

1921 John Glenn, American astronaut (1st American to orbit the earth) and politician (Senator D-Ohio), born in Cambridge, Ohio (d. 2016)

Astronaut and Politician John Glenn
Astronaut and Politician
John Glenn
  • 1922 Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher of science (paradigm shift), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor, (held more than 600 patents), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Howard A. Roberts, American choral director (Leslie Uggams Show), born in Burlington, New Jersey (d. 2011)
  • 1924 John Cruickshank, French scholar (d. 1995)
  • 1926 Margaret Laurence, Canadian writer (The Stone Angel), born in Neepawa, Manitoba (d. 1987)
  • 1927 Ludwig Harig, German writer, born in Sulzbach (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Simon Vinkenoog, Dutch writer and poet, born in Amsterdam (d. 2009)
  • 1929 Adelaide Tambo, South African anti-apartheid activist, politician and wife of Oliver Tambo, born in Top Location, Vereeniging (d. 2007)
  • 1933 Aad Nuis, Dutch writer and political scientist, born in Sliedrecht, Netherlands (d. 2007)
  • 1933 Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet (Bratsk Station), born in Zima, Siberia (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader (69th Shankaracharya Guru), born in Irulneeki, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu (d. 2018)
  • 1937 Roald Hoffmann, Polish-American chemist (Nobel 1981), born in Złoczów, Poland
  • 1937 Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (Fear & Loathing in Las Vegas), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 2005)
  • 1939 Edward Gramlich, American economics professor (University of Michigan), born in Rochester, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1942 Prince Alexandre of Belgium, Prince of the Belgians and son of Leopold III, born in Stuyvenberg Castle, Laeken, Brussels, Belgium (d. 2009)
  • 1942 Adolf Ogi, President of Switzerland (2000), born in Kandersteg, Switzerland
  • 1945 Danny McCulloch, English rocker (Animals), born in London, England
  • 1946 Tim Lynch, rocker (Flaming Groovies)
  • 1947 Steven W. Mahoney, Canadian politician (Member of the Canadian Parliament for Mississauga West), born in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario
  • 1948 Phil Harris, British rocker (Ace), born in Muswell Hill, London
  • 1948 Hartmut Michel, German chemist (Nobel 1988 - determination of the structure of certain proteins that are essential for photosynthesis), born in Ludwigsburg, Germany
  • 1950 Jack Layton, Canadian politician, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2011)
  • 1951 Elio Di Rupo, Belgian social-democratic politician (50th Prime Minister of Belgium), born in Morlanwelz, Belgium
  • 1953 Peter Greenall, 4th Baron Daresbury, British aristocrat and businessman, born in Marylebone, London
  • 1955 Vitali Viktorovich Savitsky, biologist/politician
  • 1955 Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1958 Margo Vliegenthart, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (PvdA), born in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1963 Martín Torrijos Espino, President of Panama
  • 1964 Wendy Williams, American TV and radio host (The Wendy Williams Show), born in Asbury Park, New Jersey
  • 1969 Elizabeth Gilbert, American author (Eat Pray, Love), born in Waterbury, Connecticut
  • 1974 Alan Morrison, British poet
  • 1977 Alfian bin Sa'at, Singaporean writer, poet and playwright
  • 1979 Rick Baxter, American politician
  • 1994 Ricardo Dela Corte, Italian test tube baby born to oldest (62) mother

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1922 British naval officer Louis Mountbatten (22) weds Lord Mount Temple's daughter Edwina Cynthia Annette Ashley (20) at St. Margaret's in Westminster, London

Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten
Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India
Lord Mountbatten

LoveWedding of Interest

1938 Physicist and Nobel laureate John Bardeen (30) weds Jane Maxwell

Physicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
John Bardeen
  • 1992 Helen Windsor, daughter of British Duke and Duchess of Kent weds art dealer Timothy Taylor at Windsor Castle

LoveWedding of Interest

1998 Nelson Mandela marries 3rd wife Graça Machel on his 80th birthday

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela

Deaths in History

  • 640 Arnulf, bishop of Metz (614-640)/politician, dies at about 58
  • 715 Muhammad bin Qasim (b. 695)
  • 1100 Godfried IV van Bouillon, count of Antwerp, dies
  • 1374 Francesco Petrarch, Italian poet (Italia Mia), dies at 69
  • 1488 Alvise Cadamosto, Italian explorer (b. 1432)
  • 1544 René van Chalon, viceroy of Holland, dies in battle at 25
  • 1566 Bartolomé de las Casas, Spanish friar and social historian, dies at 81
  • 1608 Joachim III Frederik, ruler (Brandenburg), dies at 61
  • 1610 Caravaggio [Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio], Italian painter, (Saint Francis of Assisi in Ecstasy), dies at 38
  • 1639 Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, German prince and general (b. 1604)
  • 1642 Willem earl of Nassau-Siegen, gov of Ft Emmerik/Heusden, dies
  • 1650 Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer and physicist, dies at 74
  • 1695 Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1684-91), dies at 61
  • 1698 Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian, dies at 65
  • 1721 Jean-Antoine Watteau, French Rococo painter (fêtes galantes), dies at 36
  • 1730 François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi, French soldier (b. 1644)
  • 1792 John Paul Jones, U.S. first well-known naval hero ("I have not yet begun to fight"), dies at 45
  • 1814 Matthew Flinders, English navigator and cartographer who was 1st to circumnavigate Australia, dies from kidney disease at 40 [1]

Person of interestJane Austen

1817 Jane Austen, English novelist (Pride and Prejudice), dies at 41

Novelist Jane Austen
Jane Austen
  • 1833 Joseph Comb, missionary to Moluccas, dies at 63
  • 1854 Abbas Hilmi I, viceroy of Egypt, dies at about 41
  • 1863 William Dorsey Pender, US Confederate Major General, dies of injuries at 29
  • 1872 Benito Juarez, Cuban justice/general (battle of Acapulco), dies at 66
  • 1884 Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist (b. 1829)
  • 1892 Thomas Cook, British founder and CEO of Thomas Cook & Son travel agency (Cook Travel Bureau), dies at 83
  • 1894 Leconte de Lisle, French poet and writer, dies at 75
  • 1899 Horatio Alger, American clergyman and author (Disagreeable Woman, Ragged Dick), dies at 67
  • 1916 Benjamin C. Truman, American journalist and author
  • 1918 Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna (b. 1864)
  • 1925 Louis Nazaire Bégin, Roman Catholic cardinal and Archbishop of Quebec (b. 1840)
  • 1931 Oskar Minkowski, German Biologist (pancreas and diabetes), dies at 73
  • 1937 Julian Bell, British poet (b. 1908)
  • 1938 Vladimir M Kirshon, Russian playwright, executed at 35
  • 1938 Marie, last Queen of Romania as the wife of King Ferdinand I (1914-27), dies at 62
  • 1944 George A Hartland, English MP (Norwich 1931-35), dies at 60
  • 1944 Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet (Centaurs' Booty), dies at 74
  • 1948 Herman Gummerus, Finnish historian and politician (b. 1877)
  • 1950 Carl Clinton Van Doren, US literary (The Nation), dies at 64
  • 1952 Paul Saintenoy, Belgian architect (b. 1862)
  • 1953 Lucy Booth, Daughter of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1868)
  • 1956 Willem Kernkamp, Dutch minister of Colonies (Islam & Woman), dies at 57
  • 1967 Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco, Brazilian military leader and 26th President of Brazil (1964-67), dies at 66
  • 1968 Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist (Nobel 1938), dies at 76
  • 1970 Lucien H d'Azambuja, Fren astronomer (chromosphere of Sun), dies at 86
  • 1976 Sally Salminen, Finnish writer (Katrina), dies at 70
  • 1981 Wilhelm HC Tenhaeff, Dutch para-psychologist, dies at 87
  • 1982 Roman Jakobson, Russian-American linguist and Slavic scholar (Fundamentals of Language), dies at 85
  • 1985 Shahnawaz Bhutto, son of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
  • 1987 Gilberto Freye, Brazilian sociologist/writer, dies at 87
  • 1990 Georges Dargaud, French publisher (Astérix, Tintin), dies at 79
  • 1990 Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist (Menninger Clinic), dies at 96 of cancer
  • 1990 Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (b. 1897)
  • 1991 André Cools, Belgian Minister of Budget, murdered at 63
  • 1992 Jan Pelleboer, Dutch meteorologist, dies
  • 1992 Mollie Parnis, American fashion designer (Mamie Eisenhower), dies in her 90s (she had long refused to disclose her exact age)
  • 1992 Rudolf Ising, cartoonist (Looney Tunes, Merrie Melodies), dies at 88
  • 1992 Viktor Louis, Russian journalist, dies
  • 1993 John Beck, US producer (Harvey, Singing Nun), dies at 83
  • 1993 Robert Davis, dies of emphysema at 76
  • 1993 Sergei Y Vozovikov, Russian major/cosmonaut, dies in accident at 35
  • 1993 Vladimir Pavlovich Barmin, Chief designer of Soviet launch pads, dies
  • 1994 Gottfried Reinhardt [Goldmann], German/American director, dies at 83
  • 1996 Hans Fellner, bookseller, dies at 71
  • 1997 Eugene M. Shoemaker, American planetary scientist and geologist (Shoemaker-Levy comet), dies at 69
  • 2000 José Ángel Valente, Spanish poet (A modo the esperanza), dies at 71
  • 2001 James Hatfield, American author (b. 1958)
  • 2001 Fabio Taglioni, Italian automotive engineer (b. 1920)
  • 2002 Victor Emery, British theoretical physicist (b. 1933)
  • 2004 Paul Foot, British journalist (b. 1937)
  • 2004 Émile Peynaud, French oenologist, dies at 92

Person of interestWilliam Westmoreland

2005 William Westmoreland, US general during the Vietnam War, dies at 91

  • 2005 Bill Hicke, Canadian NHL right wing (3-time NHL All Star), dies of cancer at 67
  • 2007 Charles Jauncey, Baron Jauncey of Tullichettle, Scottish judge and advocate, dies after a stroke at 82
  • 2007 Kenji Miyamoto, Japanese politician (b. 1908)
  • 2009 Henry Allingham, British supercentenarian and World War I veteran, dies at 113
  • 2016 Billy Name [William Linich Jr], photographer (Andy Warhol's factory), dies at 76