On This Day

On This Day in History for July 19

Events in History

  • 64 Circus Maximus in Rome catches fire
  • 532 Start of Dionysian Pascal Cycle
  • 711 Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic
  • 1195 Battle at Alarcos: Almohads led by Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Mansur defeats army of Alfonso VIII of Castile
  • 1380 Thomas of Buckingham's invasion army lands on Calais

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1425 Duke John VI of Brabant pledges Holland/Zealand to Philip the Good

Duke of Burgundy Philip the Good
Duke of Burgundy
Philip the Good
  • 1510 38 Jews are burned at stake in Berlin, Prussia
  • 1524 Peasants' War begins in Germany's Black Forest
  • 1525 Catholic German monarchy form Union of Dessau
  • 1544 Italian War of 1542: The Siege of Boulogne begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1545 King Henry VIII's flagship Mary Rose sinks at Portsmouth; 73 die

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1551 Treaty of Karlsburg: arch duke Ferdinand of Austria recognized as King of Hungary/Transsylvania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1553 15-year-old Lady Jane Grey deposed as England's Queen after 9 days

Queen of England Jane Grey
Queen of England
Jane Grey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1569 Albert Frederick becomes Duke of Prussia

Duke of Prussia Albert Frederick
Duke of Prussia
Albert Frederick
  • 1572 Battle at Saint Ghislain: Spanish army beats The Genlis' mercenaries
  • 1575 Spanish viceroy Gilles of Hierges attacks Oudewater

  • 1590 King Philip II's secretary Antonio Perez escapes jail

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1595 Astronomer Johannes Kepler has an epiphany and develops his theory of the geometrical basis of the universe while teaching in Graz

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler
  • 1599 Jacob van Necks merchant fleet leaves Java
  • 1639 French troops occupy Salses, at Perpignan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1674 Court of Holland bans books of Hobbes, Spinoza and Meyer

Philosopher Thomas Hobbes
Thomas Hobbes
  • 1688 Soldiers killed governor of Aerssen in Paramaribo

USASalem Witch Trials

1692 5 more people are hanged for witchcraft (19 in all) in Salem, Massachusetts

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Dramatic lithograph of the Salem witch trials produced in 1892
Dramatic lithograph of the Salem witch trials produced in 1892
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1702 Swedish troops under King Charles XII occupy Krakow

King of Sweden Charles XII
King of Sweden
Charles XII
  • 1760 The formal request to found the later city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico is filed by its founders
  • 1816 Survivors of French frigate Medusa rescued off Senegal after 17 days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin arrives in Ascension Island

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin

BoatSS Great Britain

1843 The steamship SS Great Britain is launched, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, is the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and the largest vessel afloat in the world

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A painting of the launch of SS Great Britain, by Joseph Walter
A painting of the launch of SS Great Britain, by Joseph Walter
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  • 1845 Fire in NYC destroys 1,000 homes and kills many

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1848 1st US women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls NY, organised by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • 1848 German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg
  • 1850 Airship Elizabeth leaves in storm for Fire Island, crashes (42 die)
  • 1860 1st railroad reaches Kansas
  • 1863 Battle of Buffington's Island (St George Creek), Ohio
  • 1864 Third Battle of Winchester, Virginia (Stephenson's Depot) [->JUL 20]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 US Congress passes 3rd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson

  • 1867 Dutch Red Cross forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 Louis Riel speaks at a meeting of Metis residents about rights, setting in motion the events now referred to as the Red River Rebellion

Politician and Revolutionary Louis Riel
Politician and Revolutionary
Louis Riel
  • 1870 France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins
  • 1875 Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick children, makes trial trip, NYC
  • 1880 San Francisco Public Library starts lending books
  • 1899 National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers forms
  • 1904 Dutch Premier Kuypers disbands 1st Chamber
  • 1907 Under pressure from the Japanese, the Emperor of Korea abdicates in favor of his son, a figurehead
  • 1912 A meteorite of estimated 190kg mass explodes over Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona, causing approximately 16,000 pieces of debris to rain down on the town
  • 1915 Dutch accidents at sea law enforced
  • 1915 The Washington Senators set a MLB record 8 stolen bases in an innings (1st) in 11-4 win v Cleveland
  • 1918 World War I: German armies retreat across Marne River in France
  • 1919 Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall.
  • 1923 WRC-AM in Washington, D.C. begins radio transmissions
  • 1926 2nd French government of Herriot, forms
  • 1928 King Fuad of Egypt seizes power and disbands parliament

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1930 Richard E. Byrd, Laurence McKinley Gould, and their polar expedition team return to the United States following the first exploration of the interior of Antarctica

Aviator and Polar Explorer Richard E. Byrd
Aviator and Polar Explorer
Richard E. Byrd
  • 1936 Spanish premier Casares Quiroga succeeded by Jose Giral
  • 1937 Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
  • 1939 Dr Roy P Scholz is 1st surgeon to use fiberglass sutures

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Adolf Hitler orders Great Britain to surrender

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 Nazi occupiers imprison 231 prominent Dutch citizens in Buchenwald
  • 1941 1st US Army flying school for black cadets dedicated (Tuskegee, Alabama)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 British PM Winston Churchill launches his "V for Victory" campaign

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt appoints the Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943 500 allied air forces raid Rome during WW II
  • 1944 1,200+ 8th US Air Force bombers bomb targets in SW Germany
  • 1944 500 15th US Air Force Liberators/Flying Fortresses bomb Munich vicinity
  • 1944 Allied troops occupy Faubourg de Vaucelles, at Caen
  • 1944 Danish resistance fails in assault on Taarbaek Fort near Copenhagen
  • 1944 Democratic convention opens in Chicago, goes on to nominate President Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1944 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg visits RC church in Berlin-Dahlem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 US general Omar Bradley flies to England

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • 1944 Japanese aircraft carriers Taiho and Shokaku sink in Marianas
  • 1944 NY archbishop Spellman flies to Europe

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1944 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg 1st meets Adolf Eichmann

Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal Adolf Eichmann
Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal
Adolf Eichmann
  • 1945 USS Cod saves 51 sailors from Dutch sub in only sub-to-sub rescue


1947 Prime Minister of shadow Burma government, Bogyoke Aung San and 6 of his cabinet and 2 non-cabinet members assassinated by armed paramilitaries

General and Politician Aung San
General and Politician
Aung San
  • 1948 French government of Schuman resigns
  • 1949 Laos becomes associated state within French Union

  • 1950 French/Vietnamese offensive against Viet Minh

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1950 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Summi maeroris

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1952 Freddie Trueman takes 8-31, India all out 58 at Old Trafford
  • 1952 India all out 82 in 2nd innings after making 52 earlier in the day
  • 1955 Balclutha ties up at Pier 43 & becomes a floating museum
  • 1955 Yarkon Water Project opens to supply water to Negev desert in Israel
  • 1956 US refuse to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam
  • 1957 1st rocket with nuclear warhead fired, Yucca Flat, Nevada
  • 1957 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1960 Italian government of Tambroni resigns
  • 1962 Hungarian communist party expels Rákosi & Gero
  • 1963 NASA civilian Test pilot Joe Walker in X-15 reaches 105 km
  • 1964 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1966 France performs nuclear Test at Fangataufa Island
  • 1966 Governor James Rhodes declares state of emergency in Cleveland (race riot)
  • 1967 1st air conditioned NYC subway car (R-38 on the F line)
  • 1967 Race riots in Durham, North Carolina
  • 1967 US launches Explorer 35 for lunar orbit (800/7400 km)

Historic ExpeditionApollo 11 Bootprint

1969 Apollo 11 goes into Moon orbit

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Buzz Aldrin's bootprint, one of the first steps taken on the Moon
Buzz Aldrin's bootprint, one of the first steps taken on the Moon
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  • 1971 Sudan military coup under maj Hashem al-Atta, Numeiry flees
  • 1974 Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 14 lands back on earth
  • 1975 Apollo and Soyuz linked in orbit for 2 days, separate
  • 1976 Allman Brother's roadie Scooter Herring sentenced to 75 years for providing drugs for the group, based on Gregg Allman's testimony
  • 1976 Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is created.

Birthdays in History

  • 810 Imam Bukhari, Islamic scholar and compiler of Hadith, born in Bukhara, Khorasan (modern day Iran) (d. 870)
  • 1688 Giuseppe Castiglione, Italian Jesuit brother and missionary to China, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1766)
  • 1744 Heinrich Christian Boie, German author and editor, born in Meldorf, Germany (d. 1806)
  • 1759 Seraphim of Sarov, Russian Orthodox Saint, born in Kursk, Russian Empire (d. 1833) [OS]
  • 1789 John Martin, English painter and engraver, born in Haydon Bridge, Northumberland, England (d. 1854)
  • 1800 Juan José Flores, General and first President of Ecuador (1839-1845), born in Puerto Cabello, Venezuela (d. 1864)

Person of interestSamuel Colt

1814 Samuel Colt, American inventor and industrialist (Colt 6 shot revolver), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1862)

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Samuel Colt
  • 1817 Mary Ann Bickerdyke, American army nurse (union), born in Knox County, Ohio (d. 1901)
  • 1819 Gottfried Keller, German-Swiss poet and novelist, born in Zurich (d. 1890)
  • 1822 Princess Augusta of Cambridge, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and granddaughter of George III, born in Palace of Montbrillant, Hanover (d. 1916)
  • 1823 George Henry Gordon, American lawyer and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Charlestown, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1886)
  • 1827 Mangal Pandey, Indian Sepoy (soldier) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (B.N.I.) regiment of the British East India Company, born in Nagwa, Ballia district, India (d. 1857)
  • 1828 Roger Atkinson Pryor, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Petersburg, Virginia (d. 1919)
  • 1833 John Wesley Turner, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Saratoga, New York (d. 1899)

Person of interestEdgar Degas

1834 Edgar Degas, French impressionist painter, sculptor and artist (The Bellelli Family), born in Paris (d. 1917)

Impressionist Painter Edgar Degas
Impressionist Painter
Edgar Degas
  • 1838 Joel Asaph Allen, American zoologist (Allen's rule) and first curator of birds and mammals at the American Museum of Natural History, born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1921)
  • 1846 Charles Edward Pickering, American astronomer and pioneered American spectroscopist, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1919)
  • 1848 Cornelis Adrianus Pekelharing, Dutch physician, born in Zaandam, Netherlands(d. 1922)
  • 1849 François Victor Alphonse Aulard, French historian, born in Montbron, France (d. 1928)
  • 1849 Ferdinand Brunetière, French writer and critic, born in Toulon, Var, France (d. 1906)
  • 1851 Hendrik Jut, Dutch murderer (Head of Jut), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1878)
  • 1854 Daniel Josephus Jitta, Dutch High Court lawyer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1925)

Person of interestLizzie Borden

1860 Lizzie Borden, American woman acquitted of the murder of her parents (gave her mother forty whacks), born in Fall River, Massachusetts (d. 1927)

Acquitted Murderer Lizzie Borden
Acquitted Murderer
Lizzie Borden
  • 1865 Charles Horace Mayo, American surgeon and co-founder (Mayo Clinic), born in Rochester, Minnesota (d. 1939)
  • 1876 Joseph Fielding Smith Jr., 10th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1972)
  • 1878 Robert Herman Woltjer, Dutch Minister of Education, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • 1881 Friedrich Dessauer, German physicist (radiologist), born in Aschaffenburg, Germany (d. 1963)
  • 1888 Eugène Jungers, Belgian Governor of Rwanda Urundi, born in Messancy, Belgium (d. 1958)
  • 1893 Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (Ode to Revolution), born in Baghdati, Soviet Georgia (d. 1930) [OS=7/7]
  • 1894 Joris van Severen, Flemish politician and founder of the Alliance of Dietsche National Solidarists, born in Wakken, Belgium (d. 1940)
  • 1894 Khawaja Nazimuddin, 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan and President of Pakistan Muslim League, born in Dacca, Bengal, British India (d. 1964)
  • 1894 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin, Russian mathematician, born in Kondrovo, Kaluga Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1959)
  • 1895 Xu Beihong, Chinese painter, born in Yixing, China (d. 1953)
  • 1896 A. J. Cronin, Scottish writer (Citadel, Shining Victory), born in Cardross (d. 1981)
  • 1899 Paul de Groot, Dutch communist politician (CPN) and editor (The Truth), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1986)
  • 1900 Arno Breker, German architect and sculptor (Third Reich), born in Elberfeld, German Empire (d. 1991)
  • 1900 Roscoe [Charles Barnet] Harvey, British soldier, born in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo (d. 1996)
  • 1900 Marc Turfkruijer, Flemish movie journalist and writer (d. 1990)
  • 1905 Edgar Snow, American author and journalist (Red star over China), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1972)
  • 1906 Wim van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF Trucks), born in Griendtsveen, Limburg, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • 1912 Norman Carr, British conservationist working in Central and Southern Africa, born in Chinde, Portuguese East Africa (d. 1997)
  • 1916 James D. Ramage, American Naval Aviator in World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cold War, born in Waterloo, Iowa (d. 2012)
  • 1917 Robert Aitken, Zen co-founder (Diamond Sangha), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2010)
  • 1917 William Scranton, American Republican Party politician and diplomat, born in Madison, Connecticut (d. 2013)
  • 1919 Robert Pinget, French novelist (The Interrogation) and playwright, born in Geneva (d. 1997)
  • 1921 Rosalyn Yalow, American medical physicist (Nobel 1977), born in NYC, New York (d. 2011)
  • 1922 George McGovern, American politician and Presidential candidate (D-1972), born in Avon, South Dakota (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Rachel Robinson, American social activist and humanitarian (The Jackie Robinson Foundation), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1922 Harold Camping, American evangelist and founder of Family Radio, born in Boulder, Colorado (d. 2013)
  • 1923 William A. Rusher, American lawyer and columnist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • 1924 Stanley K. Hathaway, American politician (27th Governor of Wyoming), born in Osceola, Nebraska (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Max Sordam, Suriname warden and writer (Dictionary Sranantongo)
  • 1927 Jan Myrdal, Swedish writer and journalist (Albania Defiant), born in Bromma, Stockholm
  • 1928 John Bratby, English painter and writer (Breakdown), born in Wimbledon, London (d. 1992)
  • 1934 Francisco Sá Carneiro, 109th Prime Minister of Portugal, born in Porto, Portugal (d. 1980)
  • 1936 Connie Kurtz, American Gay Rights advocate, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1937 Larry Boxx, founder (Land B Computer Serv)
  • 1938 Jayant Narlikar, Indian astrophysicist (Hoyle–Narlikar theory), born in Maharashtra, India
  • 1938 Nicholas Bethell, 4th Baron Bethell, British historian, born in London (d. 2007)
  • 1941 Jennifer Dunn, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Washington), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2007)
  • 1941 Jerry Huckaby, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana), born in Hodge, Jackson Parish Louisiana
  • 1941 Neelie Kroes, Dutch politician (VVD) and Minister of Traffic, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 1943 Roy D. Bridges Jr, American pilot and astronaut (STS 51-F, 61-F), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1945 Edwin Schlossberg, American designer, author and husband of Carolyn Kennedy, born in NYC, New York
  • 1950 Per-Kristian Foss, Norwegian Minister of Finance, born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1952 Howard Donald Saunders, Danbury Ct, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1952 Robert A. Ficano, American politician and Sheriff of Wayne County, Michigan, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1952 John Griesheimer, American Republican politician, born in Saint Clair, Missouri
  • 1953 Howard Schultz, American businessman, CEO of Starbucks, born in New York City
  • 1954 Srđa Trifković, Serbian-American journalist and foreign affairs editor (Chronicles), born in Belgrade, Serbia
  • 1960 Atom Egoyan, Canadian director (Adjuster, Next of Kin), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1963 Marla Duncan, Miss Northern California fitness (1990), born in Fairfield, California
  • 1963 Garth Nix, Australian author (Keys to the Kingdom), born in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 1964 André A. Jackson, founder African Diamond Producers Association
  • 1970 Nicola Sturgeon, Scottish politician, First Minister of Scotland (2014-), born in Irvine, Scotland
  • 1980 Bender [Alexander Buchanan], Canadian underground hip hop artist (Flight Distance, King of the Dot), born in Ottawa, Canada (d. 2018)
  • 1984 Holly Roffey, English youngest heart transplant (d. 1984)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1770 Founding Father of the United States John Dickinson (37) weds land and estate owner Mary Norris (30) in a civil ceremony

Founding Father of the United States John Dickinson
Founding Father of the United States
John Dickinson

LoveWedding of Interest

1928 Physicist Enrico Fermi (26) weds writer Laura Capon in Rome, Italy

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi
  • 1932 "Rebecca" author Daphne Du Maurier (25) weds commander of the I Airborne Corps Lt. Gen. Frederick Browning (35)
  • 1986 Caroline Kennedy (28) weds Edwin Schlossberg (41) at the Church of Our Lady of Victory in Centerville, Massachusetts

Deaths in History

  • 514 Symmachus, Italian Pope (498-514), dies
  • 931 Uda, 59th Emperor of Japan (887-897), dies at 64
  • 1054 Bernold[us] Benno/Bernulphus, bishop of Utrecht (1027-54)/saint, dies
  • 1234 Floris IV, Count of Holland, killed in tournament
  • 1346 Dirk IV, mister of Valkenburg (1332-46), dies in battle
  • 1374 Francesco Petrarca [Petracco], Italian mountaineer/poet, dies at 69
  • 1415 Philippa of Lancaster, Queen of Portugal as wife of King John I (1387-1415), dies at 55
  • 1534 Willem van Enkenvoirt, cardinal/bishop of Utrecht, dies at about 70
  • 1543 Lady Mary Boleyn, mistress of King Henry VIII of England
  • 1545 George Carew, English admiral, drowns
  • 1545 Roger Grenville, English captain of Mary Rose, drowns
  • 1627 Dirck R "Didericus" Camphuysen, poet/printer/vicar, dies at about 41
  • 1631 Cesare Cremonini, Italian philosopher (b. 1550)
  • 1687 Laura Martinozzi, Duchess of Modena (b. 1637)
  • 1688 Cornelis van Aerssen, Dutch governor of Suriname (1683-88), murdered at 50
  • 1740 Francois van Aerssen, Dutch vice-admiral (Suriname, Algeria), dies at 71
  • 1742 John-Baptist Xavery, Flemish sculptor, dies at 45
  • 1742 William Somervile, English poet (b. 1675)
  • 1810 Luise, queen of Prussia/wife of Frederik Willem III, dies at 34

BattleAgustín de Iturbide

1824 Agustín de Iturbide [crowned Agustin I], Mexican army general, politician and the 1st emperor of Mexico is executed by firing squad at 40

1st Emperor of Mexico Agustín de Iturbide
1st Emperor of Mexico
Agustín de Iturbide
  • 1850 Giovanni Ossoli, Italian marquis/revolutionary, drowned
  • 1850 Margaret Fuller [Ossoli], American feminist, activist and journalist (Women in the Nineteenth Century), dies in a shipwreck at 40
  • 1852 Anne François Mellinet, French-Belgian general (Antwerp), dies at 83
  • 1857 Stefano Franscini, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1796)
  • 1868 Soji Okita, Japanese samurai, 1st Captain of the Shinsengumi (b. 1842 or 1844)
  • 1873 Samuel Wilberforce, English bishop and one of the greatest public speakers of his day (remembered for his opposition to Darwin's theory of evolution), dies at 67
  • 1881 Isaac Baumann, Jewish pioneer and trader in Bloemfontein, South Africa, dies at 67
  • 1882 Ivan Gagarin, Russian Jesuit and founding editor of Études, dies at 67
  • 1888 Yamaoka Tesshū, Japanese swordsman and master of kendo, dies at 52
  • 1893 James T. Holtzclaw, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 59
  • 1895 Charles T Stork, great industrialist (cotton mach factory), dies at 73
  • 1895 Henri Ernest Baillon, French botanist (History of Plants), dies at 67
  • 1896 Abraham H. Cannon, American Mormon apostle (b. 1859)
  • 1906 Ferdinand Brunetière, French writer and critic, dies at 57
  • 1907 Hector H Malot, French lawyer/author (Alone in the World), dies at 77
  • 1913 Clímaco Calderón, President of Colombia for one day in 1882, dies at 60
  • 1914 Alexander Conze, German archaeologist, dies at 82
  • 1918 Joost van Vollenhoven, Neth, gov-gen (French West-Africa), dies
  • 1922 Cornelis Adrianus Pekelharing, Dutch physician, dies on 74th birthday
  • 1930 Robert Stout, Prime Minister of New Zealand (1884-87), dies at 85
  • 1939 Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (Curfew Must Not Ring) and writer, dies at 89
  • 1940 Samuel H Chang, US newspaper magnate, murdered in Shanghai
  • 1944 Carl Bock, Danish Gestapo agent, liquidated
  • 1944 Harry CA Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania), dies at 87

Person of interestAung San

1947 Aung San, Burmese general and nationalist politician, assassinated by armed paramilitaries along with 6 members of his cabinet at 32

General and Politician Aung San
General and Politician
Aung San
  • 1947 U Razak, Burmese politician (b. 1898)
  • 1949 Frank Murphy, American politician and 56th United States Attorney General, dies at 59
  • 1953 Maurice J. Tobin, 56th Governor of Massachusetts, dies at 52
  • 1955 Koos [Jacobus Jan] Vorrink, Dutch politician and socialist (SDAP/AJC/PvdA), dies at 64
  • 1957 Curzio Malaparte [Kurt E Suckert], Italian author (Kaputt), dies at 59
  • 1958 Robert Earl Hughes, American man who became heaviest known human (485 kg), dies at 32

Person of interestSyngman Rhee

1965 Syngman Rhee, 1st President of South Korea (1948-60), dies at 90

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1969 Mary Jo Kopechne, American political campaign specialist and Ted Kennedy's car passenger, drowns at 28
  • 1969 Pavel I Apostolov, Russian military bandmaster, dies
  • 1972 Sally Benson, American writer (Meet Me In St. Louis), dies at 74
  • 1972 Hezekiah M. Washburn, American Presbyterian Congo missionary, dies at 88
  • 1973 Vasily Dmitriyevich Shcheglov, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 33
  • 1976 Sal Tas, Dutch journalist, dies at 70

Person of interestNoel Wien

1977 Noel Wien, American aviation pioneer (Wien Air Alaska), dies at 78

Aviation Pioneer Noel Wien
Aviation Pioneer
Noel Wien
  • 1984 Geert Lubberhuizen, Dutch publisher (Busy Bee), dies at 68
  • 1985 Janusz A. Zajdel, Polish sci-fi author (The Whole Truth about Planet Xi), dies at 47
  • 1986 Alfredo Binda, Italian road cyclist (first to win Giro d'Italia x 5; World Road Race C'ship 1927, 30, 32), dies at 83
  • 1989 Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish president (b. 1913)
  • 1992 Bert Brugman, Dutch puppeteer (Dutch marionette theater), dies
  • 1992 Heinz Galinski, President (Central council for Jews in Germany), dies at 79
  • 1992 Paolo Borsellino, Italian anti-mafia judge, murdered by mafia
  • 1993 Elmar Klos, Czech director (Shop on Main Street), dies at 83
  • 1994 Frederik "Frits" van der More, archaeologist/art historian, dies at 87
  • 1994 Gottfried Reinhardt, theatre Producer, dies at 81
  • 1994 Nathan Susskind, Slovak/US linguist (Yiddish), dies at 87
  • 1994 Nick Banton, founder of Body Positive, dies at 37
  • 1995 Michael Andrews, painter, dies at 66
  • 1996 David Nicolson, British businessman and politician (Chairman of BTR Industries-1969), dies at 73
  • 1996 Lawrence Jenco, American Roman Catholic priest who was held hostage in Beirut, Lebanon, dies at 61
  • 1996 Mervyn Hugh Cowie, wildlife conservationist, dies at 87
  • 1996 Owen Tudor Williams, civil engineer, dies at 79
  • 1996 Pran Nath Chhuttani, Indian physician and teacher, dies at 81
  • 2002 Alan Lomax, American folksong collector (b. 1915)
  • 2003 Bill Bright, American evangelist (b. 1921)
  • 2003 Pierre Graber, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1970–1978), dies at 94
  • 2004 Reverend Francis Marzen, American Catholic prelate (b. 1924)
  • 2004 Zenko Suzuki, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1911)
  • 2005 John Tyndall, British politician (b. 1934)
  • 2005 Edward Bunker, American writer (b. 1933)
  • 2005 Alain Bombard, French Biologist, Physician, and Politician who made a solitary journey across the Atlantic ocean without provisions, dies at 80
  • 2007 Roberto Fontanarrosa, Argentine cartoonist (b. 1944)
  • 2007 A. K. Faezul Huq, Lawyer, politician, and freelance journalist (b. 1945)
  • 2008 Dercy Gonçalves, Brazilian comedienne (b. 1907)
  • 2009 Frank McCourt, Irish-American author. (b. 1930)
  • 2010 David Warren, Australian scientist and inventor (Flight Data Recorder; Cockpit Voice Recorder - "the black box"), dies at 85
  • 2012 Omar Suleiman, Egyptian general and intelligence officer, dies from a heart attack at 76
  • 2014 James Garner, American actor (Rockford Files, Bret Maverick), dies of acute myocardial infarction at 86
  • 2014 Skye McCole Bartusiak, American actress, dies at 21
  • 2015 Sybren Polet [Sijbe Minnema], Dutch writer and poet (Mannekino), dies at 91
  • 2016 Betsy Bloomingdale, American socialite and fashion leader, dies at 93
  • 2019 César Pelli, Argentine American architect (Petronas Towers), dies at 92