On This Day

On This Day in History for July 2

Events in History

  • 311 St Miltiades begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 626 Incident at Xuanwu Gate: in fear of assassination, Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng
  • 706 Remains of Chinese Emperor Gaozong, his wife Empress Wu Zetian and family members interred in Qianling Mausoleum by Emperor Zhongzong, outside Chang'an on Mount Liangshan
  • 963 The imperial army proclaims Nicephorus Phocas to be Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea
  • 1140 Hartbert becomes bishop of Utrecht

BattleBattle of Interest

1214 Battle of La Roche-aux-Moines (Angers), part of King John of England's attempt to reclaim Normandy from France

King of England King John
King of England
King John
  • 1298 Battle on Hasenbuhl (Gollheim) between German kings Adolf and Albrecht I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1505 After an encounter with a violent thunderstorm, Martin Luther declares that he will become a monk

Theologian and Founder of Protestantism Martin Luther
Theologian and Founder of Protestantism
Martin Luther
  • 1555 Turkish naval commander Dragut [Turgut Reis] sacks the Italian city of Paola
  • 1561 Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia, defeats a revolt in Emfraz
  • 1576 Muitende Spanish soldiers conquer Zierik Sea
  • 1578 English explorer Martin Frobisher sights Baffin Island
  • 1582 Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide
  • 1600 Battle at Newport: Earl Mauritius van Nassau beats Spanish Army
  • 1613 The first English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia led by Samuel Argall
  • 1644 Battle of Marston Moor, North Yorkshire: Parliamentary forces under Lords Fairfax and Manchester defeat royalists led by Prince Rupert

  • 1679 Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi in an expedition led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth
  • 1681 Earl of Shaftesbury arrested for high treason
  • 1687 King James II disbands English parliament
  • 1698 English engineer Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine
  • 1776 New Jersey gives the right to vote to all adults who could show a net worth of 50 pounds
  • 1776 Continental Congress resolves "these United Colonies are and of right ought to be Free and Independent States"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 At the Continental Congress, John Dickinson abstains from the votes that declare independence

Founding Father of the United States John Dickinson
Founding Father of the United States
John Dickinson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1787 Marquis de Sade shouts from Bastille that prisoners are being slaughtered

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • 1794 Second Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
  • 1808 Simon Fraser completes his trip down Fraser River, British Columbia, lands at Musqueam
  • 1816 French frigate "La Méduse" runs aground under incompetent leadership of Viscount of Chaumareys, 400 passengers evacuated. 150 men, 1 woman are left on "la Machine," a poorly provisioned raft. 13 days later only 15 survivors remain, inspires Théodore Géricault's painting "The Raft of the Medusa"
  • 1822 Denmark Vesey (aka Telemaque), accused of planning a slave rebellion in South Carolina, dies by hanging at approximately 55
  • 1823 Bahia Independence Day: the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia
  • 1839 Slaves aboard a Spanish schooner La Amistad revolt to secure their freedom while being transported from one Cuban port to another

Historic CommunicationThe Day an Alligator Fell from the Sky

1843 An alligator falls from sky during a thunderstorm in Charleston, South Carolina

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Newspaper cutting fom the Times-Picayune on the day an alligator fell from the sky
Newspaper cutting fom the Times-Picayune on the day an alligator fell from the sky
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  • 1847 Envelope bearing 1st US 10 cent stamps used (still exists today)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 Giuseppe Garibaldi begins hunger strike in Rome

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • 1850 Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
  • 1858 Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
  • 1861 Battle of Hoke's Run, West Virginia - small Union victory

  • 1862 Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges
  • 1863 Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day)
  • 1863 R Morgan's: Burksville, Kentucky to Salineville, Ohio [->JUL 26]
  • 1864 General Early and Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington, D.C.
  • 1864 Statuary Hall in US Capitol forms

A Salute To The Salvation ArmyA Salute To The Salvation Army

1865 One-time Methodist Reform Church minister William Booth and his wife Catherine found the East London Christian Mission, now known as the Salvation Army

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Jean Simmons as a Salvation Army sergeant who falls for Marlon Brando in the 1955 movie, Guys and Dolls
Jean Simmons as a Salvation Army sergeant who falls for Marlon Brando in the 1955 movie, Guys and Dolls
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  • 1867 1st US elevated railroad begins service, NYC
  • 1870 Jules Joseph d'Anethan is elected the tenth Prime Minister of Belgium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 US President James Garfield shot by Charles J. Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker; Garfield dies 79 days later

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
Assassin Charles J. Guiteau
Charles J. Guiteau
  • 1885 Canada's North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear
  • 1890 US Congress passes Sherman Antitrust Act
  • 1894 Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 First flight LZ-1, of a dirigible airship designed by Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin, at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana

  • 1915 Erich Muenter, an instructor in German at Cornell University, explodes a bomb in the US Senate reception room

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1916 Russian offensive in Armenia
  • 1917 Labor disputes lead to race riot in East St Louis, Illinois - Black neighborhood attacked and burned, 40-200 killed and 6000 left homeless

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Warren G. Harding signs a joint congressional resolution declaring the official end of war with Germany

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1926 US Army Air Corps created; Distinguished Flying Cross authorized, to award "heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight"

  • 1927 Jericho Earthquake in Palestine kills about 500
  • 1928 British parliament reduces the age at women can vote to 21 - the same as men (Representation of the People Act 1928)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 FDR makes 1st presidential nominating conventional acceptance speech

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1934 General Lazaro Cardenas elected president of Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappear flying over the Pacific Ocean en route to Howland Island. Noonan is declared dead the following year, and Earhart is declared the year after (1939)

  • 1940 Dutch PM Colijn publishes "Borders of 2 Worlds" (German victory)
  • 1940 Lake Washington (Seattle) Floating bridge dedicated

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1940 British PM Churchill meets Major General Bernard Montgomery

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1940 Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta
  • 1941 Nazi mass murder in Lvov/Lemberg (7,000 dead)
  • 1943 Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
  • 1943 Lieutenant Charles Hall becomes 1st African American pilot to shoot down a Nazi plane
  • 1944 German Field Marshal Günther von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt
  • 1946 Dutch Beel government forms
  • 1946 Harbor workers end strike at Rotterdam and Amsterdam
  • 1947 Military coup discovered in France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 The State of Vietnam is internationally recognised, governing the southern half of Vietnam, with Bảo Đại as chief of state

Emperor of Vietnam Bảo Đại
Emperor of Vietnam
Bảo Đại
  • 1950 Kinkaku-ji, a Zen Buddihst temple in Kyoto, Japan, burns down
  • 1950 Henri Queuille is elected the seventh Prime Minister of the Fourth French Republic
  • 1951 Island advisor of Curacao installed

  • 1951 Leidse astronomers discover radio signal out of Milky Way system
  • 1952 Princess Beatrice opens miniature city of Madurodam
  • 1956 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • 1957 1st submarine designed to fire guided missiles launched, Grayback

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1957 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Le pelerinage De Lourdes

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Cuba's Minister of Foreign affairs Raúl Castro arrives in Moscow

President of Cuba Raúl Castro
President of Cuba
Raúl Castro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Fidel Castro visits Moscow

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Sam Walton opens his first Walmart store in Rogers, Arkansas

Entrepreneur and Founder of Walmart Sam Walton
Entrepreneur and Founder of Walmart
Sam Walton
  • 1964 Grand jury indicts Byron De La Beckwith in murder of Medger Evers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act into law

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
US Vice President Hubert Humphrey
US Vice President
Hubert Humphrey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Architect Le Corbusier is made Grand Officiers of the Légion d'honneur

Architect and City Planner Le Corbusier
Architect and City Planner
Le Corbusier
  • 1966 1st France nuclear test on Mururoa atoll
  • 1968 An El Al Israeli airliner is hijacked and diverted to Algeria by three armed members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP)
  • 1970 1st Boeing 747 to land in Amsterdam & Brussels
  • 1970 The Prevention of Incitement to Hatred Act (Northern Ireland) is introduced; it proves difficult to secure convictions under its provisions, seldom enforced
  • 1970 Neil Blaney is found not guilty of illegal arms importation to the Irish Republican Army by a Dublin jury
  • 1971 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1972 India and Pakistan sign Simla Agreement peace accord
  • 1972 Two Catholic civilians are shot and killed in Belfast by Loyalist paramilitaries, probably the Ulster Defence Association (UDA)
  • 1973 James R Schlesinger ends term as 9th director of CIA
  • 1973 Nation Black Network begins operation on radio
  • 1974 Fernando Mameda of Portugal sets record for 10,000 m (27:13.81)
  • 1976 Formal reunification of North and South Vietnam

Birthdays in History

  • 419 Valentinian III, Roman emperor (425-55), born in Ravenna (d. 455)
  • 1029 Al-Mustanṣir, 8th Fāṭimid Caliph of Cairo, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1094)

Person of interestArthur II

1262 Arthur II, Duke of Brittany (1305-12), born in Château de l’Isle, La Roche-Bernard, Brittany (d. 1312)

Duke of Brittany Arthur II
Duke of Brittany
Arthur II
  • 1363 Maria, Queen of Sicily and Duchess of Athens & Neopatria, born in Catania, Kingdom of Sicily (d. 1401)
  • 1489 Thomas Cranmer, England reformer, Archbishop of Canterbury (1533-55), martyr, born in Aslockton, England (d. 1556)
  • 1492 Elizabeth Tudor, English princess, second daughter and fourth child of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York, born in Richmond Palace, Surrey, England (d. 1495)
  • 1644 Abraham a Santa Clara [Johann Ulrich Megerle], German Augustinian friar and preacher, born in Kreenheinstetten, Germany (d. 1709)
  • 1647 Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, English Tory statesman, born in London (d. 1730)
  • 1652 Guillielmus "Willem" Kerricx, Flemish sculptor (Rozenkrans), born in Dendermonde, East Flanders (d. 1719)
  • 1665 Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian, born in St Mabon, Cornwall, England (d. 1726)
  • 1667 Pietro Ottoboni, Italian cardinal and grandnephew of Pope Alexander VIII, born in Venice (d. 1740)
  • 1698 Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena & Reggio, born in Modena (d. 1780)
  • 1724 Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German poet (Der Messias), born in Quedlinburg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1803)
  • 1756 Christian Gottfried Körner, German lawyer, born in Leipzig (d. 1831)
  • 1810 Robert Toombs, American lawyer and 1st Confederate States Secretary of State, born in Washington, Georgia (d. 1885)
  • 1819 Thomas Anderson, Scottish chemist (discovered pyridine), born in Leith, Scotland (d. 1874)
  • 1820 George Law Curry, American newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1878)

Person of interestCharles Tupper

1821 Charles Tupper, 6th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 69-day term), born in Amherst, Nova Scotia (d. 1915)

6th Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper
6th Prime Minister of Canada
Charles Tupper
  • 1822 Douglas Strutt Galton, English engineer (rails/trains), born in Hadzor House, Worcestershire, England (d. 1899)
  • 1830 John Bordenave Villepigue, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1862)
  • 1834 Hendrick Peter Godfried Quack, Dutch lawyer, economist and historian, born in Zetten, Netherlands (d. 1917)
  • 1836 Henry Eugene Davies, American writer, public official, lawyer, and Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1847 Marcel Bertrand, French geologist and mine engineer (tectonic geology), born in Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1849 Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, Queen of Bavaria, born in Brno, Austrian Empire (d. 1919)
  • 1862 William Henry Bragg, English physicist (Nobel 1915-analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays), born in Westward, Cumberland, England (d. 1942)
  • 1865 Lily Braun, German feminist and socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen), born in Halberstadt, Saxony, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1916)
  • 1876 Wilhelm Cuno, German Reich's chancellor (1922-23) and businessman, born in Suhl, German Empire (d. 1933)

Person of interestHermann Hesse

1877 Hermann Hesse, German-Swiss novelist and poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel 1946), born in Calw, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1962)

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse
  • 1881 Royal H. Weller, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1929)
  • 1884 Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist, born in Aschaffenburg, Bavaria (d. 1931)
  • 1887 Marcel Tabuteau, French-American oboist (Philadelphia Orch 1915-54), born in Compiègne, Oise, France (d. 1966)
  • 1888 Selman Waksman, Ukrainian-American microbiologist (Nobel 1951-ingenious, systematic and successful studies of the soil microbes that led to the discovery of streptomycin), born in Nova Pryluka, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1973)
  • 1890 Earl Roy Curry, American religious thinker and Kirtland Temple overseer, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1980)
  • 1893 Ralph Hancock, Welsh garden designer (Rockefeller Center), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1950)
  • 1896 Lydia Mei, Estonian artist who specialized in watercolors and still lifes, born in Hiiumaa, Estonia (d. 1965)

Person of interestAlec Douglas-Home

1903 Alec Douglas-Home, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1963-64), born in London (d. 1995)

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home
  • 1903 Olav V, King of Norway (1957-91), born in Appleton House, Sandringham, Norfolk (d. 1991)
  • 1904 Gerarda Rueter, Dutch sculptor, born in Amsterdam (d. 1993)
  • 1906 Hans Bethe, German-American quantum physicist (Nobel 1967), born in Strassburg, Germany (d. 2005)
  • 1907 Eppo Doeve, Dutch cartoonist and painter, born in Bandung, Indonesia (d. 1981)
  • 1908 Jean Sinclair, South African campaigner, founder member and first president of the Black Sash in 1955, born in Germiston, South Africa (d. 1996)

Person of interestThurgood Marshall

1908 Thurgood Marshall, 1st African American Supreme Court justice (1967-91), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1993)

First Black Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
First Black Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall
  • 1909 Hermann Bengtson, German historian (Greeks Ancient Times), born in Ratzeburg, Germany (d. 1989)
  • 1910 H. G. Adler, German writer (The Journey), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1988)
  • 1911 Diego Fabbri, Italian playwright and leader (Vatican movie bureau), born in Forli, Italy (d. 1980)
  • 1914 Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist and electrical engineer, born in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil (d. 1990)
  • 1915 Bert Decorte, Flemish poet, born in Retie, Flanders, Belgium (d. 2009)
  • 1916 Barry Gray [Bernard Yaroslaw], American radio personality and interviewer (started call-in radio), born in Red Lion, New Jersey (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Hans-Ulrich Rudel, German Combat pilot and highest-decorated German soldier of WWII, born in Konradswaldau, German Empire (d. 1982)
  • 1917 Pierre H. Dubois, Dutch literary and critic, born in Amsterdam (d. 1999)
  • 1918 WiBo [Willem Boost], Dutch cartoonist, born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • 1919 Jean Craighead George, American writer (Julie of the Wolves), born in Washington, D.C. (2012)
  • 1920 Eliseo Diego, Cuban poet, born in Havana, Cuba (d. 1994)
  • 1922 Pierre Cardin, Italian-French fashion designer, born in San Biagio di Callalta, Italy (d. 2020)
  • 1923 Wislawa Szymborska, Prowent, Polish poet referred to as the 'Mozart of Poetry' (Nobel 1996), (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Patrice Lumumba, Congolese revolutionary, 1st prime minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, born in Onalua, Belgian Congo (d. 1961)
  • 1925 Medgar Evers, American civil rights activist and NAACP official who was assassinated, born in Decatur, Mississippi (d. 1963)
  • 1926 Octavian Paler, Romanian writer, journalist, (d. 2007)

Person of interestImelda Marcos

1929 Imelda Marcos, Filipino politician and First Lady of the Philippines (1965-86) who famously collected over 1,000 pairs of shoes, born in Manila, Philippines

First Lady and Politician Imelda Marcos
First Lady and Politician
Imelda Marcos
  • 1930 Carlos Menem, Argentine politician, President of Argentina (1989-99), born in Anillaco, Argentina (d. 2021)
  • 1932 Dave Thomas, American businessman who founded Wendy's Restaurants, born in Atlantic City, New Jersey (d. 2002)
  • 1933 Kalim Siddiqui, islamic campaigner
  • 1935 Dick Dolman, economist/Dutch politician 2nd Chamber
  • 1935 Ed Bullins, playwright, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1936 Omar Suleiman, Qena, Egypt, army general and intelligence officer, (d. 2012)
  • 1939 John H. Sununu, US Secretary of State (R, 1989-91), Governor of New Hampshire (1983-89), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1939 M[ichael] A[nthony] Foster, American sci-fi author (Gameplayers of Zan)
  • 1939 Michael N Castle, (Rep-R-Delaware)
  • 1939 Valeri Vasilyevich Illarianov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1939 Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek politician and poet
  • 1940 Ken Clarke [Kenneth Harry Clarke], British Conservative politician, born in Nottinghamshire, England
  • 1942 Georgi Ivanov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut (Soyuz 33)
  • 1942 Vicente Fox, Former Mexican president
  • 1946 Richard Axel, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1947 Luci Baines Johnson Nugent Turpin, daughter of President LBJ
  • 1951 Michele Santoro, Italian TV journalist
  • 1951 Sylvia Rivera, American gay liberation and transgender activist and drag queen, born in NYC, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1952 Linda M Godwin, Cape Girardeau Mo, PhD/astronaut (STS 37, 59, 76)
  • 1955 Kevin Michael Grace, Canadian journalist
  • 1958 Thomas Bickerton, American Methodist bishop
  • 1959 Wendy B Lawrence, astronaut (STS 67, 86, sk:91), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1964 Charles Robinson, American wrestling referee
  • 1969 Matthew Cox, American convicted felon
  • 1971 Evelyn Lau, Canadian author
  • 1972 Darren Shan, Irish children's author
  • 1978 Jüri Ratas, Estonian politician
  • 1981 Alex Koroknay-Palicz, American youth rights activist

Weddings in History

  • 1939 Syndicated columnist Ann Landers (21) weds business executive Julius Lederer
  • 1952 Zulu-leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi marries Irene Mzila

LoveWedding of Interest

1955 Desmond Tutu marries Leah Nomalizo Shinxani

Anglican Archbishop and Activist Desmond Tutu
Anglican Archbishop and Activist
Desmond Tutu
  • 1959 Belgian Albert, Prince of Liège marries Dona Paola, Princess Ruffo di Calabria in Brussels
  • 2011 Charlene Princess of Monaco (33) weds Prince Albert II of Monaco (53) at the Church of St Devote of Monaco
  • 2013 Actor John Barrowman (46) weds longtime boyfriend Scott Gill in California

Deaths in History

  • 862 St. Swithun, Bishop of Winchester (his medieval shrine famed for its healing powers) (b. 789)
  • 936 Henry I the Vogelaar, German king (919-36), Duke of Saxon 912-36, dies
  • 1298 Adolf, German Count of Nassau, King of the Roman (1292-98), dies in the battle of Göllheim at about 43
  • 1504 Stephen III (Stefan the Great), ruler of Moldavia (1457-1504), dies

Person of interestNostradamus

1566 Nostradamus [Michel de Nostre-Dam], French astrologist and prophet (Les Propheties), dies at 62

Astrologer/Prophet Nostradamus
  • 1582 Akechi Mitsuhide, Japanese samurai, killed fleeing the battle of Yamazaki (b. 1528)
  • 1619 Olivier de Serres, French farming pioneer (silkworms), dies
  • 1621 Thomas Harriot, English astronomer (1st person to draw map of the Moon with a telescope), dies at 61 or 62
  • 1644 William Gascoigne, English astronomer and mathematician (introduced telescopic sights), is killed in the Battle of Marston Moor at 24
  • 1656 François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander, dies at 44
  • 1674 Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1614)
  • 1684 John Rogers, president of Harvard University (b. 1630)
  • 1700 Lambert Doomer, Dutch painter and cartoonist, dies at about 77

Person of interestSpencer Compton

1743 Spencer Compton 1st Earl of Wilmington, Prime Minister of Great Britain (Whig: 1742-43) statesman who served in government from 1715 until his death, dies at about 70

British Prime Minister Spencer Compton
British Prime Minister
Spencer Compton
  • 1746 Thomas Baker, English antiquarian, dies at 89
  • 1778 Jean-Jacques Rousseau, French philosopher, eminent political theorist, and writer whose influential works inspired French Revolution leaders and Romantic academics (Confession), dies of cerebral bleeding from a stroke at 66
  • 1778 Bathsheba Spooner, American first woman executed after US Independence for arranging husband's murder, hanged while pregnant at 32
  • 1798 John Fitch, American inventor and clockmaker (1st US steamboat service), dies of an opium overdose at 55
  • 1822 Denmark Vesey, American carpenter and ex-slave who planned an unsuccessful slave revolt in Charleston, South Carolina, hanged with 5 others at Blake's Landing, Charleston, South Carolina at about 55
  • 1833 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine politician and 1st Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, dies at 76
  • 1843 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, originator of homeopathy, dies at 88

Person of interestRobert Peel

1850 Robert "Bobbie" Peel, British PM/founder London Police, dies at 62

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • 1857 Carlo Pisacane, Italian patriot (b. 1818)
  • 1861 Petrus Augustus de Génestet, Dutch vicar and poet, dies at 31
  • 1863 Stephen Hinsdale Weed, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle at 28
  • 1914 Joseph Chamberlain, British statesman, minister to Germany, dies at 78
  • 1915 José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori, President of Mexico (1877-1911), dies at 84
  • 1918 Mehmed V Resjad, Sultan of Turkey (1909-18), dies at 73
  • 1919 Anna Howard Shaw, American suffragette, dies at 72
  • 1920 William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer, dies at 74
  • 1926 Emile Coué, French pharmacist (recovery by auto suggestion), dies
  • 1931 Stephen Babcock, American agricultural chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying), dies at 87
  • 1932 Manuel II, last King of Portugal (1908-10), dies at 43
  • 1937 Fred L Noonan, US navigator, disappeared over Pacific Ocean
  • 1939 Alfred R Zimmerman, mayor of Rotterdam (1906-22), dies
  • 1940 Ben Turpin, American comic (Saps at Sea, His New Job), dies at 65
  • 1943 Caroline Yale, American educator who revolutionized the teaching of hearing-impaired students, dies at 84
  • 1946 Anthony Overton, publisher/cosmetics manufacturer/banker, dies at 81
  • 1949 Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgaria premier (1946-49), dies at 67
  • 1951 Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, German Nazi surgeon, dies at 75
  • 1955 Edward Lawson, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, dies at 82

Person of interestErnest Hemingway

1961 Ernest Hemingway, American author and Nobel laureate (The Old Man and the Sea), dies from suicide at 61

  • 1963 Seth Barnes Nicholson, American astronomer who discovered four satellites of Jupiter, dies at 71
  • 1966 Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (The Beetle), dies at 67
  • 1968 Francis Brennan, US cardinal of Philadelphia, dies at 74
  • 1970 Jessie Street, Australian suffragette and aboriginal rights fighter, dies at 81
  • 1972 Joseph Fielding Smith Jr., 10th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), dies at 95
  • 1973 Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal, dies at 81

Person of interestVladimir Nabokov

1977 Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-American novelist (Lolita, Ada), dies at 78

  • 1978 Aris Alexandrou, Greek novelist, poet and translator (b. 1922)
  • 1984 Paul Dozois, Quebec politician (b. 1908)
  • 1987 Karl Linnas, accused Nazi, dies of heart failure in Russia
  • 1987 Michael Bennett, American theater director and choreographer (Chorus Line), dies of AIDS at 44
  • 1990 Muntu Myeza, South African anti-apartheid activist and General Secretary of SASO, dies in automobile accident at 39
  • 1992 Borisav Pekic, Serbian writer/politician, dies
  • 1993 Sir Edward Dunlop, Australian war hero (b. 1907)
  • 1994 Maung Maung, premier of Burma (1988), dies at 69
  • 1994 Ralph C Rinzler, folklorist (Greenbriar Boys), dies at 59
  • 1995 George Seldes, American investigative journalist, dies at 104
  • 1995 Gervase Jackson-Stops, British architectural adviser to the National Trust, dies at 48
  • 1996 Hugh Davson, physiologist/writer, dies at 86

Person of interestMario Puzo

1999 Mario Puzo, American author, dies at 78

Novelist Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
  • 2003 Reinhard Baumgart, German writer and director, dies at 73
  • 2003 Julia Montgomery Walsh, American businesswoman and stockbroker, dies at 80
  • 2004 John Cullen Murphy, American comic strip artist, dies at 85
  • 2004 Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, Portuguese poet and children's author (The Sea Girl), dies at 84
  • 2004 Mochtar Lubis, Indonesian writer and editor (Twilight in Jakarta), dies at 82
  • 2010 Beryl Bainbridge, Author (b. 1932)
  • 2011 Itamar Franco, 33rd President of Brazil (1992-94), dies at 81
  • 2013 Arlan Stangeland, American politician, dies at 83

Person of interestDouglas Engelbart

2013 Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist (computer mouse, Engelbart's Law), dies at 88

Computer Scientist Douglas Engelbart
Computer Scientist
Douglas Engelbart
  • 2013 Sef Imkamp, Dutch politician, dies at 88
  • 2013 Anthony Llewellyn, Welsh-American scientist and NASA astronaut, dies at 80
  • 2013 Fawzia Fuad, Egyptian princess who became Queen of Iran as the first wife of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, dies at 91

Person of interestElie Wiesel

2016 Elie Wiesel, Jewish Auschwitz survivor and author (Night), Nobel Prize winner 1986, dies at 87

Author Elie Wiesel
Elie Wiesel
  • 2016 Michael Cimino, American director (The Deer Hunter), dies at 77
  • 2016 Michel Rocard, French politician, Prime Minister of France (1988-91), dies at 85
  • 2016 Patrick Manning, Trinidad and Tobago politician, Prime Minister (1991-95, 2001-10), dies at 69
  • 2019 Lee Iacocca, American automotive executive (CEO of Chrysler Corp), dies at 94