On This Day

On This Day in History for July 20

Events in History

  • 514 St Hormisdas elected as Pope succeeding Pope Sympowerus
  • 1031 Henry I succeeds father Robert II as King of the Franks (1031-60)
  • 1054 Patriarch of Constantinople Michael Caerularius, as head of a Synod held in Constantinople excommunicates Cardinal Humbert of the Western church (Rome)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1304 Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle - King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold of the war

King of England Edward I
King of England
Edward I
  • 1402 Battle at Ancyra/Angora/Ankara: Timur' beats Sultan Bajezid I's Ottoman forces
  • 1402 Timur, his army and 32 elephants win the Battle of Ankara, during his invasion of Anatolia, capturing the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I
  • 1495 French viceroy of Naples Montpensier surrenders
  • 1498 Emperor Maximilian names Albrecht governor of Netherlands
  • 1553 John Dudley, Lord President of the Council under Edward VI, captured in Cambridge
  • 1609 Emperor Rudolf II grants Silezische protestants freedom of religion
  • 1619 Gerardus Vossius resigns as Dutch regent States college leader
  • 1654 Anglo-Portuguese treaty, Portugal comes under English control
  • 1712 The Riot Act takes effect in Great Britain.
  • 1738 North America: French explorer Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de la Vérendrye reaches the western shore of Lake Michigan
  • 1749 Earl of Chesterfield says "Idleness is only refuge of weak minds"
  • 1773 Scottish settlers arrive at Pictou, Nova Scotia (Canada)
  • 1793 Scottish explorer Alexander Mackenzie completes the first European east-to-west crossing of America north of Mexico
  • 1801 Elisha Brown Jr presses a 1,235 pound cheese ball at his farm

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1808 Napoleon decrees all French Jews adopt family names

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1810 Citizens of Bogotá, New Granada (now Colombia), declare independence from Spain

TrainOpening of Euston Station

1837 Euston railway station opens in London as the terminus of the London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR), the city's 1st intercity railway station

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An early print of Euston station showing the wrought iron roof of 1837. Note the open carriages.
An early print of Euston station showing the wrought iron roof of 1837. Note the open carriages.
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  • 1847 German astronomer Theodor discovers Comet Brorsen-Metcalf
  • 1849 Start of 1st Lancashire-Yorkshire clash at Hyde Park, Sheffield
  • 1855 1st train from Rotterdam to Utrecht in Netherlands

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1858 Gathering of Plombieres - Napoleon III meets Cavour

Emperor of France Napoleon III
Emperor of France
Napoleon III
  • 1861 Confederate states' congress began holding sessions in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1862 Guerrilla campaign in Georgia (Porter's & Poindexter's) [->SEP 20]
  • 1864 Battle at Stephenson's Depot, Virginia: 200 killed or injured
  • 1864 Battle of Peachtree Creek-Atlanta Campaign
  • 1866 Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy
  • 1868 1st use of tax stamps on cigarettes
  • 1871 British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada.
  • 1876 1st US intercollegiate track meet held, Saratoga, NY; Princeton wins
  • 1877 Military shoots on stopped railroad workers in Baltimore, kills 9
  • 1878 1st telephone introduced in Hawaii

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1881 Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull, surrenders to US federal troops

Lakota Sioux Chief Sitting Bull
Lakota Sioux Chief
Sitting Bull
  • 1890 "Gibbons Stamp Monthly" begins publishing
  • 1890 Snow and hail in Calais, Maine
  • 1894 2000 fed troops recalled from Chicago, having ended Pullman strike
  • 1901 Morocco signs an agreement with France fixing Morocco's frontier with Algeria, a French colony
  • 1907 A train wreck on the Pere Marquette Railroad near Salem, Michigan kills thirty and injures seventy more
  • 1910 Former Dutch premier Abraham Kuyper acquitted of corruption
  • 1911 Generals Henry Wilson/Auguste Dubail sign plan for British Expeditionary army in case of war with Germany
  • 1913 Turkish troops take Adrianopel & Erdine from Bulgaria
  • 1914 Armed resistance against British rule begins in Ulster
  • 1917 Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats & Slovenes form Yugoslavia
  • 1917 WW I draft lottery held; #258 is 1st drawn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Congresswoman Alice Mary Robertson becomes the first woman to preside over the floor of US House of Representatives

2nd Woman Elected to Congress and Educator Alice Mary Robertson
2nd Woman Elected to Congress and Educator
Alice Mary Robertson
  • 1922 French and British Togoland make separate mandates within the League of Nations
  • 1924 Federation Internationale des Echecs (FIDE) forms in Paris
  • 1924 Tehran, Persia comes under martial law after the American vice consul, Robert Imbrie, is killed by a religious mob enraged by rumors he had poisoned a fountain and killed several people
  • 1925 Beirut sultan Pasja al-Atrasj calls Druzen for holy war against France
  • 1925 Italian-Serbian/Croatian/Slav treaty about Dalmatie
  • 1926 A convention of the Methodist Church votes to allow women to become priests.
  • 1928 The government of Hungary issues a decree ordering Gypsies to end their nomadic ways, settle permanently in one place, subject themselves to the same laws and taxes as other Hungarians
  • 1930 106°F (41°C), Washington, D.C. (district record)
  • 1932 In Washington, D.C., police fire tear gas on World War I veterans part of the Bonus Expeditionary Force who attempt to march to the White House

BattleCoup d'état

1932 Franz von Papen launches a coup against the Prussian government

Diplomat and Chancellor Franz von Papen
Diplomat and Chancellor
Franz von Papen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Vatican state secretary Pacelli (Pius XII) signs accord with Adolf Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1933 In London, 500,000 march against anti-Semitism
  • 1933 Germany: Two-hundred Jewish merchants are arrested in Nuremberg and paraded through the streets
  • 1934 118°F (48°C), Keokuk, Iowa (state record)
  • 1935 Switzerland: A Royal Dutch Airlines plane en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen
  • 1940 Germany occupiers forbid Dutch Communist Party (CPN) in Netherlands
  • 1940 Nazi collaborator Rost of Tonningen appointed director of Marxist
  • 1942 1st detachment of Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, begin basic training
  • 1942 Legion of Merit Medal authorized by US congress

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 US Joint Chiefs of Staff question Admiral Chester Nimitz over the landing on Gilbert Island

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz
  • 1944 British and Canadian troops occupy Hill 67/Ifs/Bras/Frenouville, Normandy
  • 1944 Canadian Cameron Highlanders conquer St Andre
  • 1944 Death March of 1,200 Jews from Lipcani Moldavia begins
  • 1944 Fieldmarshal von Kluge consults with German commandant at Caen
  • 1944 Flying Fortresses of US 8th Air Force attack Leipzig/Dessau

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 General Eisenhower visits Montgomery's headquarter in Normandy

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944 Heavy storm hampers British offensive at Caen
  • 1944 Japanese aircraft carrier Hijo sunk by US air attack
  • 1944 Liberators of US 8th Air Force attack Gotha Russelsheim/Eisenach

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1944 US President FDR nominated for an unprecedented 4th term at Democratic convention

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1944 US 15th Air Force attacks Friedrichshaven Memmingen
  • 1944 US 9th Air Force bombs railroad at Chaulnes Sable-sur-Sarthe/Dreux
  • 1944 US invades Japanese-occupied Guam
  • 1944 Violent battles in Verrieres-hill (Normandy)
  • 1944 Fifty are hurt in rioting in front of the presidential palace in Mexico City
  • 1944 Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt led by German army officer Claus Von Stauffenberg
  • 1947 1st political action of Netherlands Army on Java and Sumatra

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1948 Syngman Rhee elected the 1st President of South Korea

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1948 US Communist Party chairman William Forster arrested
  • 1949 Israel's 19 month war of independence ends
  • 1949 Vasil Kolarov elected Premier of Bulgaria
  • 1951 King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem
  • 1953 USSR/Israel recover diplomatic relations
  • 1953 The United Nations Economic and Social Council votes to make UNICEF a permanent agency
  • 1954 West German secret service head Otto John defects to East Germany (DDR)
  • 1956 France recognizes Tunisian independence
  • 1956 Great Britain refuses to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam
  • 1956 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island
  • 1956 Confirmation of the first detection of the neutrino by Clyde Cowan, Frederick Reines, F. B. Harrison, H. W. Kruse, and A. D. McGuire published in "Science" (Cowan–Reines neutrino experiment)
  • 1958 King Hussein of Jordan breaks off diplomatic relations with UAR
  • 1960 1st submerged submarine to fire Polaris missile (George Washington)
  • 1960 USSR recovers 2 dogs; 1st living organisms to return from space

Birthdays in History

Person of interestAlexander the Great

356 BC Alexander the Great, Macedonian king and military leader, born in Pella, Macedonia (modern Greece) (d. 323 BC)

Macedonian King and Conqueror of Persia Alexander the Great
Macedonian King and Conqueror of Persia
Alexander the Great
  • 1304 Francesco Petrarch, Italian poet (Italia Mia), born in Arezzo, Tuscany (d. 1374)
  • 1513 Gaspar Schetz, Dutch treasurer-general, born in Antwerp (d. 1580)
  • 1519 Pope Innocent IX [Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti], 230th Catholic pope (1591), born in Bologna, Papal States (d. 1591)
  • 1537 Arnaud d'Ossat, French diplomat and writer, born in Larroque-Magnoac, France (d. 1604)
  • 1659 Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter, born in Perpignan, France (d. 1743)
  • 1663 Pierre Drevet, French engraver, born in Loire-sur-Rhône, Lyon (d. 1738)
  • 1709 James Harris, English philosopher, born in Salisbury, Wiltshire (d. 1780)
  • 1754 Antoine Destutt de Tracy, French Enlightenment philosopher, born in Paris (d. 1836)
  • 1757 Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician, born in Georgia (d. 1811)
  • 1766 Thomas Bruce, 7th earl of Elgin & Kincardine, British diplomat, born in Broomhall, Fife, Scotland (d. 1841)
  • 1774 Auguste Marmont, French marshal, born in Châtillon-sur-Seine, France (d. 1852)
  • 1785 Mahmud II, Sultan of Turkey (1808-39), born in Topkapı Palace, Istanbul, Turkey (d. 1839)
  • 1797 Paweł Edmund Strzelecki, Polish explorer and geologist, born in Glausche, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1873)
  • 1804 Richard Owen, English zoologist (Dinosauria), born in Lancaster, England (d. 1892)
  • 1806 John Sterling, Scottish writer, born in Isle of Bute, United Kingdom (d. 1844)
  • 1811 James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin & Kincardine and Governor (Jamaica), born in London (d. 1863)
  • 1816 William Bowman, English anatomist, born in Nantwich, Cheshire (d. 1892)

Person of interestGregor Mendel

1822 Gregor Mendel, Austrian monk and geneticist (discoverer of laws of heredity), born in Heinzendorf, Austria (d. 1884)

Monk/Geneticist Gregor Mendel
Gregor Mendel
  • 1824 Alexander Schimmelfennig, Prussian-American political revolutionary and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Bromberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1865)
  • 1836 Thomas Allbutt, English physiologist (Diseases of the Heart), born in Dewsbury, Yorkshire (d. 1925)
  • 1838 Augustin Daly, American playwright and theatrical manager, born in Plymouth, North Carolina (d. 1899)
  • 1838 George Otto Trevelyan, British statesman and biographer (d. 1928)
  • 1847 Max Liebermann, German impressionist painter
  • 1849 Robert Anderson Van Wyck, Mayor of New York City (d. 1918)
  • 1852 Theo Heemskerk, Dutch lawyer and chairman of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister), born in Amsterdam (d. 1932)
  • 1853 Geo[rge] Poggenbeek, Dutch water colors painter
  • 1858 Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (d. 1925)
  • 1860 Johannes Walter, German geologist (Denudation of the Wilderness)
  • 1864 Erik Karlfeldt, Swedish poet (Nobel 1918-refused; 1931-posthumous)
  • 1868 Miron Cristea, 1st Patriarch of All Romania (d. 1939)
  • 1870 Vladimir D Nabokov, Russian jurist/minister of Justice (1918-19)
  • 1873 Alberto Santos-Dumont, Brazilian aviator (d. 1932)
  • 1876 Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician (d. 1944)
  • 1877 Percy Dean, British naval lieutenant and politician who received the Victoria Cross for saving men during the raid of Zeebrugge, born in Blackburn, Lancashire, England (d. 1939)
  • 1880 Hermann earl Keyserling, German philosopher/writer
  • 1881 Leon de Smet, Flemish painter
  • 1885 Gustave Charlier, Belgian literature historian/critic
  • 1887 Willem H Drucker, Dutch lawyer
  • 1890 George II, King of Greece (1922-1924, and 1935-1947), born in Tatoi, Greece (d. 1947)
  • 1893 Alexander, King of Greece (1917-20), born at Tatoi Palace, Greece (d. 1920)
  • 1893 Richard Billinger, Austria poet/writer (From Where I Came)
  • 1895 László Moholy-Nagy, Hungarian painter, photographer, and sculptor (d. 1946)
  • 1897 Tadeusz Reichstein, Swiss chemist (Nobel 1950)
  • 1900 Gottfried von Haberler, Austrian economist
  • 1900 Maurice Gilliams, Flemish writer/poet/essayist (Maria's Life)
  • 1901 Vehbi Koc, indistrialist/philanthropist
  • 1902 Dilys Powell, English writer (Descent from Parnassus)
  • 1903 Jef van de Wiele, Belgian politician
  • 1905 Molly Mary Nesta Keane, writer

Person of interestMad Dog Coll

1908 [Vincent] Mad Dog Coll, Irish-American mob hitman, born in Gweedore, Ireland (d. 1932)

Mob Hitman Mad Dog Coll
Mob Hitman
Mad Dog Coll
  • 1909 Jean Focas, Greco-French astronomer (d. 1969)
  • 1910 Cicely Veronica Wedgwood, British historian (William the Silent)
  • 1912 Frederick Ferrari, crazy Gang Member
  • 1912 John Dacie, hematologist
  • 1912 Thijmen Kuijt, resistance fighter/co-found newspaper (The Typhoon)
  • 1912 George Johnston, Australian journalist and novelist (d. 1970)

Person of interestEdmund Hillary

1919 Edmund Hillary, Explorer and Mountaineer (1st to scale Mt Everest with Tenzing Norgay), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 2008)

Mountaineer and Explorer Edmund Hillary
Mountaineer and Explorer
Edmund Hillary
  • 1920 Elliot L Richardson, Attorney General (1973)/Sec of Defense (1973)
  • 1920 Jack Harman, British general
  • 1920 Jeffrey Petersen, British diplomat
  • 1922 Alan Stephenson Boyd, American politician
  • 1923 Stanisław Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (d. 2005)
  • 1924 Hans Lodeizen [Johannes A Frederik], Dutch poet (Inner Self)
  • 1924 Thomas Berger, American novelist (Vital Parts, Little Big Man), born in Cincinnati, Ohio, (d. 2014)
  • 1925 Jacques Delors, French economist/chairman European Committee (1985-95)
  • 1925 Frantz Fanon, West Indian psychiatrist and philosopher (The Wretched of the Earth), born in Martinique, France (d. 1961)
  • 1927 Anthony Cavendish, British MI 6 agent/banker
  • 1927 Lyudmila Alexeyeva, Russian 'Grandmother of Russian Human Rights', born in Crimea, Russia (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Jan Meyers, (Rep-R-Kansas, 1985- )
  • 1928 Pavel Kohout, Czech and Austrian writer (Poor Murderer) and dissident, born in Prague
  • 1928 Charles David Ganao, Djambala, French Equatorial Africa, Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo (1996-1997), (d. 2012)
  • 1930 Yuri Petrovich Artyukin, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 14)

Person of interestMarina Popovich

1931 Marina Popovich, Soviet Air Force colonel, engineer and test pilot (102 world records), born in Leonenki, Smolensk Oblast, USSR, birth date uncertain (d. 2017)

  • 1932 Otto Schily, German politician
  • 1933 Cormac McCarthy, American author
  • 1934 Ralph C RInzler, folklorist (Greenbriar Boys)
  • 1934 Uwe Johnson, German writer
  • 1935 Lord Peter Palumbo, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • 1936 Barbara A Mikulski, (Rep-D-MD, 1977-86/Sen-D-MD, 1986- )
  • 1938 Jo Ann Campbell, American pop singer ("I'm The Girl From Wolverton Mountain"; "Mother, Please!"), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1939 Judy Chicago [Judith Cohen], American artist (Dinner Party), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1939 Jeanne Bice, American entrepreneur (Quacker Factory clothes), born in Fond Du Lac, Wisconsin (d. 2011)
  • 1940 Tony Oliva, ball player, batting champ (AL Rookie of Year 1964)
  • 1941 Vladimir Afanasiyevich Lyakhov, cosmonaut (Soyuz 32/34, T-9, TM-6)
  • 1942 Ron Bowden, Australian politician
  • 1944 Wim Van Drimmelen, Dutch sect Science Council of Government policy
  • 1945 Larry E Craig, (Rep-R-Idaho, 1981- )
  • 1945 Paul Valéry [Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry], French author, philosopher and poet (La Jeune Parque), born in Sète, Hérault (d. 1945)
  • 1947 Gerd Binnig, Frankfurt, physicist (tunneling microscope-Nobel 1986)
  • 1948 Richard H Lehman, (Rep-D-CA, 1983- )
  • 1953 Thomas Friedman, American journalist
  • 1956 Jim Prentice, Canadian politician, Premier of Alberta (2014-15), born in South Porcupine, Ontario (d. 2016)
  • 1960 Katie Rabbet, Prince Andrew's former girlfriend, born in London, England
  • 1964 Terri Irwin, American naturalist; widow of Steve Irwin

Person of interestEnrique Peña Nieto

1966 Enrique Peña Nieto, President of Mexico (2012-18), born in Atlacomulco, State of Mexico, Mexico

President of Mexico Enrique Peña Nieto
President of Mexico
Enrique Peña Nieto
  • 1971 DJ Screw, American hiphop DJ (d. 2000)
  • 1972 Erik Ullenhag, Swedish jurist and politician
  • 1973 Haakon Magnus, Crown Prince of Norway
  • 1974 Kevin Meadows, gay rights activist

Weddings in History

  • 1608 Reynier van Oldenbarnevelt marries Anna Weytzen in Delft

LoveWedding of Interest

1872 Inventor Karl Benz (27) weds Bertha Ringer

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • 1991 Kirk Cameron marries Growing Pains co-star Chelsea Noble in upstate NY
  • 2013 "Modern Family" actor Jesse Tyler Ferguson (37) weds lawyer Justin Mikita in NYC, New York

Divorces in History

  • 1993 Joe Petruzzi files for divorce from Annabella Sciorra (Jungle Fever)

Deaths in History

  • 833 Ansegis [Ansegius], French abbot of Fontenelle and writer, dies at about 63
  • 985 Antipope Boniface VII (974, 984–985)
  • 1031 Robert II of France [the Pious, the Wise], King of the Franks (996-1031), dies during a civil war at 59
  • 1156 Emperor Toba of Japan (b. 1103)
  • 1160 Peter Lombard, French theologian
  • 1201 Agnes of France, queen of France, dies [or 7/18]
  • 1320 King Oshin of Armenia (b. 1282)
  • 1322 Frederik II van Sierck, bishop of Utrecht (1317-22), dies
  • 1351 Margaretha Ebner, German visionary (b. 1291)
  • 1387 Robert IV of Artois, Count of Eu (poisoned) (b. 1356)
  • 1398 Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, heir to the throne of England, dies at 24
  • 1453 Enguerrand de Monstrelet, French chronicler
  • 1454 Johan II, King of Castile, dies at 49
  • 1524 Claude of France, Duchess of Brittany and wife of Francis I of France, dies at 24
  • 1573 Lancelot of Brederode, water beggar, beheaded
  • 1597 Franciscus Raphelengius [French of Ravelingen], Neth publisher, dies
  • 1607 Paulus Merula, Dutch lawyer and historian (Historia Belgica), dies at 48
  • 1609 Federico Zuccari, Italian Mannerist painter, dies at about 69
  • 1616 Hugh O'Neill, 3rd Earl of Tyrone, Irish soldier
  • 1636 John Oldham, trader in Mass, murdered by indians
  • 1704 Peregrine White, First English child born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, dies at 83
  • 1766 Isabelle Farnese, queen of Spain, dies
  • 1816 Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (b. 1743)
  • 1819 John Playfair, Scottish geologist/mathematician, dies
  • 1824 Joan Melchior Kemper, Dutch lawyer (designed civil code law book), dies at 48
  • 1833 Ninian Edwards, American politician (Governor of Illinois Territory, 1809–1813; U.S. Senator from Illinois, 1818–1824; Governor of Illinois 1826–1830), dies of cholera at 58
  • 1859 Hans E Schack, Danish politician/writer (Fantasy), dies
  • 1866 Faa di Bruno, Italian captain (Er d'italia, Lissa), commits suicide
  • 1866 Berhard Riemann, German mathematician (zeta-function), dies at 39
  • 1881 Thomas Fermor-Hesketh, English 1st baron of Hesketh, dies
  • 1888 Henri Braekeleer, Flemish painter, dies at 48
  • 1897 Jean Ingelow, English poet (b. 1820)
  • 1897 Philip Dale Roddey, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 71
  • 1901 William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (b. 1840)

Person of interestLeo XIII

1903 Leo XIII [Vincenzo G Pecci], 256th Pope (1878-1903), dies at 93

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
  • 1912 Andrew Lang, Scottish poet, novelist, literary critic, and anthropologist (Andrew Lang's Fairy Books), dies at 68
  • 1922 Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (Markov Chain), dies at 66
  • 1923 Pancho Villa [José Doroteo Arango Arámbula], Mexican revolutionary general and guerrilla leader,, murdered at 55
  • 1926 Felix Dzerzhinsky [Iron Felix, Bloody Felix], Soviet statesman, established and developed Soviet secret police (Cheka, forerunner to the KGB), dies at 48
  • 1927 Ferdinand I VAM, King of Romania (1914-27), dies at 61
  • 1928 Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet, dies at 31
  • 1932 René Bazin, French novelist (b. 1853)
  • 1936 Jose Sanjurjo, Spanish general (Morocco) and high director, dies at 64

Person of interestGuglielmo Marconi

1937 Guglielmo Marconi, Italian inventor and electrical engineer who pioneered work on long distance radio transmission (Nobel 1909), dies of a heart attack at 63

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • 1939 Joseph Mendes da Costa, sculptor, dies
  • 1940 Y G Van de Peat, Dutch director of employment, commits suicide
  • 1941 Lew Fields, American vaudeville performer (b. 1867)
  • 1942 Patric Cobb, British sea officer, dies in battle
  • 1944 Arthur J Treadwell, English mayor of Stoke Newington, dies at about 71
  • 1944 Brandt, col/German staff chief, dies in bombing
  • 1944 Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg, count/German antifascist colonel, dies
  • 1944 Friedrich Olbricht, German general (July 20th plotter), executed
  • 1944 Korten, chef gen of Germany Luftwaffe, dies in bomb explosion
  • 1944 Ludwig Beck, German general (July 20th plot), dies at 64
  • 1944 Mertz, German colonel (July 20th plotter), executed
  • 1944 Rudolf Schmundt, German general /Hitler's Army adjunct, dies from wounds in attempt to assassinate Hitler at 48
  • 1944 Werner von Haeffen, German lieutenant (July 20th plotter), executed
  • 1945 Paul Valéry [Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry], French author, philosopher and poet (La Jeune Parque), dies at 73
  • 1951 Abdullah Ibn Hussein, Jordan's King (1946-51), killed in Jerusalem
  • 1951 Mustafa Shuqri Ashu, tailor/murderer of king Abdullah, shot to death
  • 1951 Wilhelm, the last Crown Prince of the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, dies at 69
  • 1953 Dumarsaid Estime, President of Haiti (b. 1900)
  • 1953 Jan Struther, British author (b. 1901)
  • 1954 Blair Moody, American journalist (US Senator (D)-Michigan, 1951-52), dies at 52
  • 1956 James Alexander Calder, Canadian politician, dies at 87
  • 1959 William D. Leahy, American admiral and chief of staff during WWII, dies at 84
  • 1962 Andre Renard, Belgium worker's union leader (MSU), dies at 51
  • 1962 George MacAulay Trevelyan, English royal historian, dies at 86
  • 1964 Anna Vyrubova, Russian lady-in-waiting, the best friend and confidante of Tsaritsa Alexandra Fyodorovna, dies at 80
  • 1970 Iain Macleod, Conservative Party Politician and Chancellor of Exchequer at time of his death (b. 1913)
  • 1973 Robert Smithson, American land artist (b. 1938)
  • 1976 Samuel Mutendi, founder of the Zimbabwean Zion Christian Church, dies
  • 1982 Okot p'Bitek, Ugandan poet (b. 1931)
  • 1984 Jim Fixx, American jogger and writer (Jim Fixx on Running), dies at 52
  • 1985 Bruno de Finetti, Italian probabilist statistician and actuary, dies at 79
  • 1989 Marie-Madeleine Fourcade, commander (French resistance), dies
  • 1990 Herbert Jenkins, Atlanta's longest serving police chief (b. 1907)
  • 1993 Vince Foster, American lawyer and Deputy White House Counsel commits suicide aged 48
  • 1994 Paul Delvaux, Belgian surrealist painter, dies at 96
  • 1994 Reginald Hall, English endocrinologist, dies at 83
  • 1995 Helmut Gernsheim, German photographer, collector and historian, dies at 82
  • 1995 Ernest Mandel, Belgian philosopher and economist (Marxist), dies at 72
  • 1996 Colin Campbell Mitchell, soldier, dies at 70
  • 1996 Peter Malcolm Gordon Raleigh, journalist, dies at 77
  • 2000 Gregory Hill (also known as Malaclypse the Younger,) American writer (Principia Discordia), dies at 59
  • 2001 Carlo Giuliani, Italian anarchist (b. 1978)
  • 2003 Nicolas Freeling, English writer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 Adi Lady Lala Mara, Fiji chieftainess, wife of Kamisese Mara (b. 1931)
  • 2005 Finn Gustavsen, Norwegian politician (b. 1926)
  • 2006 Ted Grant, British Trotskyist (b. 1913)
  • 2011 Lucian Freud, German-British artist (Benefits Supervisor Sleeping, Boy With a Rat), dies at 88
  • 2015 Elio Fiorucci, Italian fashion designer, dies at 80