On This Day

On This Day in History for July 20 (Part 2)

Events in History

  • 1960 The head of the Physics Department at the Israel Institute of Technology, Kurt Sitte, is arrested for espionage
  • 1961 French military forces break the Tunisian siege of Bizerte
  • 1962 France and Tunisia recover diplomatic relations
  • 1963 17 African states & Madagascar sign peace treaty with EC
  • 1963 Verne Gagne beats Crusher Lisowski in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1963 Riots break out at Mt Eden Prison, Auckland, New Zealand
  • 1964 1st surfin' record to go #1-Jan & Dean's "Surf City"
  • 1965 18.18" (46.18 cm) of rainfall, Edgarton, Missouri (state 24-hr record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Pablo Neruda receives 1st Viareggio-Versile prizes

  • 1967 Race riots in Memphis, Tennessee

Historic ExpeditionApollo 11 Bootprint

1969 Apollo 11 lunar module carrying Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin lands on the surface of the Moon; Aldrin and Armstrong walk on the moon seven hours later; Michael Collins remains in orbit in the lunar module

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Buzz Aldrin's bootprint, one of the first steps taken on the Moon
Buzz Aldrin's bootprint, one of the first steps taken on the Moon
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  • 1972 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1973 Jack Brisco beats Harley Race in Houston, to become NWA champ
  • 1973 The US Senate passes the War Powers Act
  • 1974 Heng Yo and Heng Ju, completes 1,000 mile (SF-Seattle) pilgrimage
  • 1974 Turkey invades Cyprus

  • 1975 India expels three reporters from "The Times", "The Daily Telegraph", and "Newsweek" because they refuse to sign a pledge to abide by government censorship
  • 1976 US Viking 1 lands on Mars at Chryse Planitia, 1st Martian landing
  • 1976 Vietnam War: The US military completes its troop withdrawal from Thailand.
  • 1977 Flash flood hits Johnstown, Pennsylvania, kills 80 and causes $350 million damage
  • 1977 The Central Intelligence Agency releases documents under the Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in mind control experiments
  • 1979 44-kg Newfoundland dog pulls 2293-kg load, Bothell, Washington
  • 1981 England set for innings loss v Aust, Botham hits 100 in 87 balls
  • 1982 Hyde Park and Regent's Park bombings: 11 British soldiers and 7 military horses killed in Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb attacks during military ceremonies in London
  • 1983 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1985 Divers find wreck of Spanish galleon Atocha
  • 1985 The government of Aruba passes legislation to secede from the Netherlands Antilles
  • 1987 Don Mattingly ties 1st base fielding record with 22 put-outs
  • 1988 Michael Dukakis selected Democratic presidential nominee
  • 1989 93°F, highest overnight low ever recorded in Phoenix Arizona

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Burma government puts author Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest

Burmese Politician Aung San Suu Kyi
Burmese Politician
Aung San Suu Kyi
  • 1989 Photographer Robert Mapplethorpe's show opens at Washington, D.C.'s Project for the Arts after the Smithsonian Institution's Corcoran Gallery cancels it
  • 1990 Justice William J. Brennan Jr. resigns from the Supreme Court after 36 years
  • 1992 Round World Air Race begins in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Václav Havel resigns as President of Czechoslovakia after Slovakia declares independence

Politician and Author Václav Havel
Politician and Author
Václav Havel
  • 1993 Fire in the press box at Atlanta Fulton County Stadium

  • 1994 Major parts of Comet Shoemaker-Levy hit Jupiter (July 16th-22nd)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Supreme Leader of North-Korea, Kim Il-sung is placed in a public Mausoleum at the Kumsusan Palace of the Sun

North Korean Founder and Dictator Kim Il-sung
North Korean Founder and Dictator
Kim Il-sung
  • 1995 The Regents of the University of California vote to end all affirmative action in the UC system by 1997.
  • 1996 In Spain an ETA bomb at an airport kills 35
  • 1998 Two hundred aid workers from CARE International, Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) and other aid groups leave Afghanistan on orders of the Taliban
  • 1999 Falun Gong is banned in the People's Republic of China, and a large scale crackdown of the practice is launched
  • 2000 In Zimbabwe, Parliament opens its new session and seats opposition members for the first time in a decade
  • 2000 Terrorist Carlos the Jackal sues France in the European Court of Human Rights for allegedly torturing him
  • 2001 The London Stock Exchange goes public.
  • 2001 Italy: The 27th Annual G8 summit opens in Genoa. An Italian protester in Genoa, Carlo Giuliani, is shot by police.
  • 2002 Bartenders doing tricks with fire start a major fire in a night club in Lima, Peru that kills 25 and injures 100
  • 2003 France: Sixteen people are injured after two bombs explode outside a tax office in Nice.
  • 2005 Canada becomes the fourth country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage, after the bill C-38 receives its Royal Assent
  • 2012 21 people are killed and 29 injured in a bus accident in Nayarit, Mexico
  • 2014 Patrick Sawyer arrives in city of Lagos in Nigeria and collapses; he dies of Ebola five days later
  • 2014 The Israeli Defence Force enter Shuja'iyya, a populous neighbourhood of Gaza City, as part of their ground offensive focused on destroying tunnels crossing the Israel border
  • 2015 Suicide bomber kills 30 in Turkish town of Suruc near Syrian border
  • 2015 Hacker group the Impact Team announce they have hacked married dating site Ashley Madison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 Elon Musk tweets he has "verbal government approval" to build 29 minute Hyperloop between New York and Washington, D.C.

Entrepreneur Elon Musk
Entrepreneur
Elon Musk
  • 2017 The last fighting occurs in the Iraqi city of Mosul as the city is liberated from ISIS militants
  • 2017 China announces a plan against “foreign garbage” banning 24 categories of plastic and recyclable waste from 2018
  • 2018 Australian businessman James Packer announces he has quit 22 directorships due to mental health issues
  • 2020 Announcement that a COVID-19 vaccine developed by the University of Oxford (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) is able to trigger immune response and antibodies
  • 2020 United Kingdom suspends extradition treaty with Hong Kong in wake of new Chinese security laws for the territory
  • 2020 Scientists find evidence of volcanoes on Venus, showing the planet is not as dormant as previously thought (Nature Geoscience)

Birthdays in History

  • 1976 Erica Hill, American news anchor
  • 1981 Thorsten Engelmann, German rower
  • 1991 Scout Larue Willis, daughter of Bruce Willis & Demi Moore
  • 1999 Princess Alexandra of Hanover, daughter of Princess Caroline of Monaco

Weddings in History


Divorces in History


Deaths in History