On This Day

On This Day in History for July 22

Events in History

  • 259 Saint Dionysius elected as Pope, succeeding Sixtus II
  • 1099 First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem
  • 1298 English defeat Scots at Battle of Falkirk
  • 1306 King Phillip the Fair, orders expulsion of Jews out of France
  • 1456 Battle at Nandorfehervar (Belgrade): Hungarian army under Janos Hunyadi beats Sultan Murad II
  • 1484 Battle of Lochmaben Fair - a 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas is captured
  • 1489 "Tractate Niddah" a talmudic edition, 1st printed

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1489 Treaty of Frankfurt signed between Maximilian of Austria and King Charles VIII of France

King of France Charles VIII
King of France
Charles VIII
  • 1515 First Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland and Holy Roman Empire - rise of the Habsburgs influence
  • 1535 Christians captured in Tunis in uprising against Admiral Barbarossa
  • 1582 Willem of Orange moves from Antwerp to Delft
  • 1587 2nd English colony forms on Roanoke Island off North Carolina
  • 1632 Foundation laid in Madrid for Buen Retiro Palace for King Philip IV
  • 1648 10,000 Jews of Polannoe murdered in Chmielnick massacre during Khmelnytsky Uprising
  • 1686 City of Albany, NY chartered
  • 1691 Battle at Aghrim: English/Dutch army beats France

  • 1729 Diamonds found in Minas Geras, Brazil
  • 1731 Spain signs Treaty of Vienna
  • 1739 Ottoman Empire defeats Austria at Crocyka (Krotzka) in Serbia and then successfully lays siege to Belgrade
  • 1793 Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada
  • 1796 Cleveland, Ohio, founded by General Moses Cleaveland. Originally called 'Cleaveland', the public adopted the current name after a newspaper editor noticed the name was too long to fit on the page.
  • 1812 Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Smolny Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, Russia is consecrated, originally commissioned by Elizabeth of Russia

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1864 Battle of Atlanta: General Sherman's Union side defeats Confederate troops under General Hood, with 8,449 Confederate and 3,641 US casualties

Union General William Tecumseh Sherman
Union General
William Tecumseh Sherman
Railroad Engineer and Union General Grenville M. Dodge
Railroad Engineer and Union General
Grenville M. Dodge
  • 1893 Katharine Lee Bates writes "America the Beautiful" in Colorado
  • 1898 Crew of Belgium RV Belgica see 1st sunrise in 1600 hrs - 1st expedition to endure Antarctic winter
  • 1901 Serbia reactivates diplomatic relations with Montenegro
  • 1901 British House of Lords, in its role as court, rules trade unions can be sued for actions of its members - in Taff Vale Case
  • 1905 Philadelphia Athletic's Weldon Henley no-hits St Louis Browns, 6-0
  • 1912 In the face of ever-increasing German naval power, the British Admiralty decides to recall British warships from the Mediterranean and base them in the North Sea
  • 1916 A bomb explodes during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco killing 10
  • 1917 British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades
  • 1918 Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah's Wasatch National Park
  • 1919 De Falla & Massine's "Three-cornered Hat" premieres in London
  • 1922 Cards enter 1st place, marks 1st time both St Louis teams are on top
  • 1926 105°F (41°C), Waterbury, Connecticut (state record)

  • 1926 108°F (42°C), Troy, NY (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Wiley Post completes the 1st solo flight round the world, takes 7 days and 19 hours

Aviator Wiley Post
Wiley Post

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents

FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis
  • 1935 Lester Walton appointed US minister to Liberia

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1937 Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections

Revolutionary and President of Ireland Éamon de Valera
Revolutionary and President of Ireland
Éamon de Valera

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 US Senate rejects FDR's proposal to enlarge Supreme Court

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1939 Jane Bolin becomes the 1st African American female judge in New York

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1940 Dutch Prime minister Dirk Jan De Geer meets Adolf Hitler seeking peace talks

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 4th Soviet army forms with 80 tanks
  • 1942 Gasoline rationing using coupons begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp

Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 US forces led by General George S. Patton liberate Palermo, Sicily

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1944 Soviets set up Polish Committee of National Liberation
  • 1946 Militant Zionist organisation Irgun bombs the British administrative headquarters for Palestine in southern wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 people of various nationalities injuring 46
  • 1947 -8°F (-13°C), Charlotte Pass, NSW (Australian record)
  • 1950 Frank Worrell completes 261 v England at Trent Bridge
  • 1950 King Leopold returns to Belgium after 6 years in exile
  • 1951 General Francisco Craveiro Lopes appointed President of Portugal
  • 1952 Poland adopts Communist-imposed Constitution
  • 1954 US Virgin Islands adopt constitution (Revised Organic Act)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Richard Nixon becomes the first US Vice President to preside over a cabinet meeting

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island
  • 1959 Natural gas found at Slochteren, Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1960 Cuba nationalizes all US-owned sugar factories
  • 1962 1st US Venus probe, Mariner 1, fails at lift-off
  • 1963 Sarawak achieves independence from British colonial rule

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Edward Heath succeeds Alec Douglas-Home as leader of the British Conservative party

British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath
British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home
  • 1967 1st major appearance by Vanilla Fudge (Village Theater NYC)
  • 1967 Jimi Hendrix quits as opening act of the Monkees' tour
  • 1968 Sir John Newsome recommends public schools should take 50% of their intake from the state school system
  • 1969 USSR launches Sputnik 50 & Molniya 1-12 communications satellite
  • 1971 Sudanese military counter-coup under premier Numeiry
  • 1972 10.84" (27.53 cm) of rainfall, Fort Ripley, Mn (state 24-hr record)
  • 1972 Venera 8 makes soft landing on Venus
  • 1972 2 Catholics are abducted, beaten, and shot dead in a Loyalist area of Belfast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 US House of Representatives votes to restore citizenship to General Robert E. Lee

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1981 Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca sentenced to life imprisonment in a court in Rome, Italy
  • 1982 Academic Text Processing Service forms in Seattle
  • 1983 Angels OF Brian Downing error ends his record streak at 244 games
  • 1983 Dick Smith makes 1st solo helicopter flight around the world
  • 1983 Polish Prime Minister Wojciech Jaruzelski lifts martial law after 19 months
  • 1986 US House of Representatives impeaches Judge Harry E. Claiborne for tax evasion
  • 1987 Said Aouita of Morocco sets 5k record (12:58.39) in Rome
  • 1987 Soyuz TM-3 launched with 3 cosmonauts (1 Syrian)
  • 1987 US began escorting re-flagged Kuwaiti tankers in Persian Gulf
  • 1988 500 US scientists pledge to boycott Pentagon germ-warfare research
  • 1989 Kristin Huxhold, 18, of Missouri, crowned America's Junior Miss

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Jeffrey Dahmer confesses to killing 17 men in 1978

Serial Killer Jeffrey Dahmer
Serial Killer
Jeffrey Dahmer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes prison

Colombian Drug Lord Pablo Escobar
Colombian Drug Lord
Pablo Escobar
  • 1992 Soyuz TM-15 launches
  • 1993 Soyuz TM-17 lands
  • 1994 23rd & last part of Comet Shoemaker-Levy hit Jupiter (since July 16th)
  • 1994 Doc Gooden admitted to Betty Ford Center
  • 1994 Military coup in Gambia: President Dawda Jawara flees
  • 1994 William Sigei runs world record 10k (26:52.53)
  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-70 (Discovery 20), lands
  • 1995 Susan Smith found guilty of drowning her two children in South Carolina
  • 1997 Fire breaks out at Palais de Chaillot in Paris
  • 1997 The second Blue Water Bridge opens between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario
  • 1997 The first shipments of oil produced from Kazakhstan's Tengiz field arrive at terminals on the Black Sea for subsequent export through the Bosphoros Strait
  • 1997 "One Piece", world's best-selling manga and comic series, written and illustrated by Eiichiro Oda first appears serialized in "Weekly Shōnen Jump" in Japan
  • 2002 Israel assassinates Salah Shahade, the Commander-in-Chief of Hamas's military arm, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, along with 14 civilians
  • 2003 Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay's 14-year old son, and a bodyguard
  • 2005 Jean Charles de Menezes is killed by police as the hunt begins for the London Bombers. See 7 July 2005 London bombings and 21 July 2005 London bombings

Birthdays in History

  • 1210 Joan of England, Queen consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1238)
  • 1478 Philip I, (the Handsome), 1st Habsburg King of Spain (1504-06)
  • 1510 Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence (d. 1537)
  • 1535 Katarina Stenbock, wife of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1621)
  • 1559 Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (d. 1619)
  • 1596 Michael I, first Russian Tsar of the House of Romanov (1613-45), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1645)
  • 1621 Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st earl of Shaftesbury/minister (1660-73)
  • 1647 Margaretha Mary Alacoque, French Roman Catholic saint and mystic, born in L'Hautecour, France (d. 1690)
  • 1711 Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Russian physicist (d. 1753)
  • 1713 Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect (d. 1780)
  • 1722 Jean-Noel/Joannes Natalis Paquot, Belgian priest/historian
  • 1733 Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer (d. 1790)
  • 1755 Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (d. 1839)
  • 1763 James Geddes, American Engineer (Erie Canal), born in Carlisle Pennsylvania (d. 1838)
  • 1784 Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (star parallax, Bessel Function)
  • 1804 Victor Schoelcher, French writer (abolitionism), born in Paris (d. 1893)
  • 1807 Karolina Pawlowa, Russian writer (A Double Life), born in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire (d. 1893)
  • 1820 Louis Powell Harvey, American politician, Governor of Wisconsin, born in East Haddam, Connecticut (d. 1862)
  • 1822 Hamilton Prioleau Bee, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1897)
  • 1822 John George Walker, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Jefferson City, Missouri (d. 1893)
  • 1830 William Sooy Smith, American civil engineer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Tarlton, Ohio (d. 1916)
  • 1834 Daniel McCook Jr, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Carrollton, Ohio (d. 1864)
  • 1844 William Archibald Spooner, English Oxford Don and reverend and inventor (spoonerisms), born in London, England (d. 1930)
  • 1848 Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1914)

Person of interestEmma Lazarus

1849 Emma Lazarus, Americn poet ("New Colossus" - on the base of Statue of Liberty), born in NYC, New York

  • 1872 David D Salas, Antillian writer (Josefina)
  • 1878 Lucien Febvre, French historian (Un destin: Martin Luther)
  • 1878 Janusz Korczak [Henryk Goldszmit], Polish-Jewish educator and pedagogue (ran an orphanage in the Warsaw Ghetto), born in Warsaw, Congress Poland (or in 1879, d. 1942)
  • 1882 Edward Hopper, American painter (Nighthawks, House by the Railroad), born in Upper Nyack, New York (d. 1967)
  • 1887 Gustav Hertz, German quantum physicist (Nobel 1925)
  • 1888 Kirk Bryan, American geologist (d. 1950)

Person of interestRose Fitzgerald Kennedy

1890 Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, American matriarch, mother of JFK, RFK & Ted, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1995)

Kennedy Family Matriarch Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
Kennedy Family Matriarch
Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
  • 1892 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian chancellor (1930s)/war criminal
  • 1894 Oskar Maria Graf, German writer, born in Berg, Bavaria (d. 1967)
  • 1895 James Arthur Calata, African National Congress (ANC) leader and Anglican clergyman, born in Debe Nek, King Williamstown, South Africa (d. 1983)

Person of interestAlexander Calder

1898 Alexander Calder, American sculptor (mobiles, stabiles), born in Lawnton, Pennsylvania (d. 1976)

  • 1898 Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (d. 1943)
  • 1908 Amy Vanderbilt, American authority on etiquette (Complete Book of Etiquette, Complete Cook Book), born in NYC, New York
  • 1910 Edith Abbo, daughter of Mien Wenneker/Dutch Prince Henry
  • 1915 Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, Pakistani politician, diplomat and author. (d. 2000)
  • 1916 Hipolito Ocalia, Curacao landscape painter, born in Curaçao (d. 1984)
  • 1917 H. Boyd Woodruff, American microbiologist whose research led to antibiotics, born in Bridgeton, New Jersey (d. 2017)
  • 1918 Pim [Albrecht W] Lyre, Dutch lawyer/son of prince Henry
  • 1920 Hugh Dundas, fighter pilot/businessman
  • 1920 Malcolm Hughes, British artist, born in Manchester, England (d. 1997)
  • 1921 William Roth, American politician (Sen-R-Delaware, 1971-2001), born in Great Falls, Montana (d. 2003)

Person of interestBob Dole

1923 Bob Dole, American politician (Senate Republican leader, 1985-96, Presidential candidate in 1996), born in Russell, Kansas

US Senator and Presidential Candidate Bob Dole
US Senator and Presidential Candidate
Bob Dole
  • 1926 Peter Michael Grayson, British showman, born in Manchester (d. 1996)
  • 1931 Charles Huxtable, General commander (English ground armies)
  • 1932 Oscar de la Renta, Domincan American fashion designer (Coty Hall of Fame-1973), born in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (d. 2014)
  • 1932 William Wilkinson, English conservationist and businessman, born in Warminster, England (d. 1996)
  • 1932 Tom Robbins, American author (Even Cowgirls Get the Blues), born in Blowing Rock, North Carolina
  • 1933 Chuck Cassey, American choral director (Jimmy Dean Show), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1940 Judith Walzer Leavitt, American college professor
  • 1943 Yoran Ben Ami, Israel, producer/president (Triumph Pictures)
  • 1943 Kay Bailey Hutchison, American politician (U.S. Senator from Texas, 1993-2013; NATO Ambassador, 2017-2021), born in Galveston, Texas
  • 1946 Paul Schrader, director (Blue Collar) and writer (Taxi Driver), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • 1947 Curt Weldon, American politician (Rep-R-Pennsylvania 1987-2007), born in Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania
  • 1947 Gilles Duceppe, Canadian politician
  • 1948 S. E. Hinton, American author
  • 1949 Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Ruler of Dubai and Prime Minister of UAE
  • 1964 Don Van Natta, Jr., American journalist
  • 1967 Lauren Booth, British journalist
  • 1972 Seth Fisher, American comic book artist and penciller (d.2006)
  • 1973 Ronald Ray Howard, American murderer (d. 2005)
  • 1978 Martyn Lee, English radio presenter
  • 1989 Caroline Giuliani, daughter of NY mayor Rudy Giuliani, born in NYC, New York
  • 2002 Prince Felix of Denmark, born in Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 2013 Prince George of Cambridge, son of Prince William and Catherine, Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, England (3rd in line to the English throne), born in London, England

Weddings in History

  • 1515 Anna of Bohemia (12) marries Karel van Ferdinand of Austria
  • 1515 Louis of Hungary (9) marries Maria of Bohemia & succession to Hungarian throne

LoveWedding of Interest

1972 Business magnate Richard Branson (22) weds Kristen Tomassi

Business Magnate Richard Branson
Business Magnate
Richard Branson
  • 1982 Biggest mass wedding, Rev Sun Myung Moon weds 2,200 couples in NYC

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1940 Jacqueline Kennedy's parents John Vernou "Black Jack" Bouvier III and Janet (Norton Lee) divorce

Deaths in History

  • 1035 Robert I "the Magnificent", Duke of Normandy (1027-35), father of William the Conqueror, dies at 35
  • 1362 Louis of Durazzo, Italian soldier (b. 1324)
  • 1387 French Ackerman, Ghent rebel/leader of Reisers, murdered at about 57
  • 1461 Charles VII, King of France (1422-61), dies at 58
  • 1477 Adolf van Egmond, duke of Gelre/earl of Zutphen, dies in battle at 39
  • 1497 Francesco Botticini, Italian painter, dies at about 52
  • 1499 Neithart Fox [Jonker Fox], German passage leader, slain in battle
  • 1525 Richard Wingfield, English diplomat
  • 1619 Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (b. 1559)
  • 1633 Trijntje Keever, presumed to have been the tallest woman ever (b.1616)
  • 1645 Gaspar de Guzman, premier of Spain (1621-43), dies at 58
  • 1676 Clement X [Emilio Altieri], Italian Pope (1670-76), dies at 86
  • 1726 Hugh Drysdale, British Colonial Governor of Virginia
  • 1734 Peter King, 1st Baron King, Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1789 Joseph-François Foulon, French politician, dies at 74

Person of interestMarie Francois Xavier Bichat

1802 Marie François Xavier bichat, French anatomist and physiologist (tissue theory), dies at 30 after falling downstairs at the Hotel-Dieu and acquiring a fever

Anatomist and Physiologist Marie Francois Xavier Bichat
Anatomist and Physiologist
Marie Francois Xavier Bichat
  • 1813 George Shaw, English botanist and zoologist, dies at 61
  • 1826 Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (found 1st asteroid-Ceres), dies at 80
  • 1832 Napoleon II of France (b. 1811), son of Napoleon I dies of tuberculosis
  • 1852 Auguste Marmont, French marshal, dies at 77
  • 1861 Barnard Elliot Bee, US Confederate brigadier general, dies at 37
  • 1864 James Birdseye Mcpherson, US Union gen-major, dies in battle at 35
  • 1864 William H. T. Walker, American Major General (Confederate Army), killed in action at 47 during the Atlanta Campaign
  • 1869 John A. Roebling, German-American civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), (b. 1806)
  • 1902 Mieczysław Halka-Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal, dies at 79
  • 1903 Cassius Marcellus Clay, American emancipationist (b. 1810)
  • 1908 William Randal Cremer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1828)
  • 1909 D v Liliencron, writer, dies at 65
  • 1915 Sir Sandford Fleming, Scottish-Canadian engineer and inventor (b. 1827)
  • 1916 James Whitcomb Riley, American author and poet (b. 1849)
  • 1918 Indra Lal Roy, Indian World War I flying ace, dies at 19
  • 1920 William Kissam Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1849)
  • 1922 Jokichi Takamine, Japanese-American biochemist who isolated adrenalin (epinephrine), which causes the body to respond to emergencies, the first pure hormone isolated from natural sources, dies at 67
  • 1922 John Motley Morehead III, American chemist (commercial production of calcium carbide, important for welding), dies at 67
  • 1929 Édouard Empain, Belgian railway builder (Heliopolis), dies at 76
  • 1932 Florenz Ziegfeld Jr., American theatre producer (Ziegfeld Follies), dies at 65
  • 1932 Roosje Vos, Dutch trade union leader, dies at 71
  • 1932 Roses Fox, Trade union leader, dies at 71
  • 1932 Errico Malatesta, Italian anarchist (b. 1853)
  • 1932 Reginald Fessenden, Canadian inventor and radio pioneer (b. 1866)

Person of interestJohn Dillinger

1934 John Dillinger, Notorious American bank robber, shot dead at 31 by federal agents at the Biograph Theater in Chicago

Gangster John Dillinger
John Dillinger

Person of interestMackenzie King

1950 Mackenzie King, 10th Prime Minister of Canada (1921-30, and 1935-48), dies of pneumonia at 75

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
  • 1952 August Balthazar, Belgian politician, dies at 58
  • 1958 Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russian author and satirist, dies at 62
  • 1967 Carl Sandburg, poet (Abraham Lincoln: Prairie Years), dies at 89
  • 1968 Giovannino Guareschi, Italian author (Don Camillo, Peppone, dies at 60
  • 1970 George Johnston, Australian journalist and novelist (b. 1912)
  • 1974 Wayne L Morse, (Sen-D-Oregon), dies at 73
  • 1979 Soschtschenko, writer, dies at 83
  • 1980 Fred Kaps [Abram PA Bongers], magician (world champ 1955), dies at 54
  • 1988 Duane Jones, dies of cardiopulmonary arrest at 51
  • 1989 Martti Talvela, Finnish bass (b. 1935)
  • 1990 George Wood, dies of diabetes complications at 56
  • 1992 Souleiman Franjieh, president Lebanon (1970-76), dies
  • 1996 Courtney Alexandre Henriques Laws, community leader, dies at 65
  • 1996 Leon Shenandoah, native American leader, dies at 81
  • 1996 Peter Ludwig, German businessman and art collector, dies at 71
  • 2000 Carmen Martín Gaite, Spanish author, dies at 74
  • 2001 Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (History of the Greeks), dies at 92
  • 2003 Qusay Hussein, son of Saddam Hussein (b. 1966)
  • 2003 Uday Hussein, son of Saddam Hussein (b. 1964)
  • 2004 George Kidd, Canadian diplomat (b. 1917)
  • 2005 Jean Charles de Menezes, Brazilian electrician killed by Scotland Yard (b. 1978)
  • 2006 José Antonio Delgado, Venezuelan mountain climber (b. 1965)
  • 2006 James E. West, mayor of Spokane, Washington (b. 1950)
  • 2009 Richard M. Givan Supreme court chief justice (b. 1921)
  • 2012 George A. Miller, American psychologist, dies at 92
  • 2016 Thomas Sutherland, American hostage (Lebanon) and academic, dies at 85
  • 2019 Li Peng, Chinese leader, Premier of China (1987-98), dies at 90
  • 2020 Charles Evers, American civil rights leader (1st Black mayor in Mississippi since Reconstruction), dies at 97