On This Day

On This Day in History for July 23

Events in History

  • 636 Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from the Byzantine Empire
  • 685 John V begins his reign as Catholic Pope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1148 Crusaders begin siege of Damascus during Second Crusade (abandoned 28 July)

Queen of France and England and Duchess of Aquitaine Eleanor of Aquitaine
Queen of France and England and Duchess of Aquitaine
Eleanor of Aquitaine
  • 1215 Frederick II crowned King of the Romans (King of the Germans) in Aachen
  • 1253 Jews are expelled from Vienne, France by order of Pope Innocent IV
  • 1298 Rindfleisch ("Beef") Persecutions - Jewish community in Wurzburg Germany massacred

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1453 Battle at Gavere: Philip the Good beats Gentse rebellion

Duke of Burgundy Philip the Good
Duke of Burgundy
Philip the Good

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1532 Emperor Charles V and the Schmalkaldic League sign Peace of Nuremberg

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1540 Turkey recognizes Janos Sigismund Zapolyai as vassal king of Hungary
  • 1558 Battle of Grevelingen: Lamoraal, Count of Egmont beat France
  • 1572 William of Orange's troops occupy Roermond on the Spanjaarden
  • 1594 Dutch city Groningen held by Spain surrenders to Dutch and England army led by Maurice of Orange
  • 1599 Italian painter Caravaggio gets his first public commission, the Contarelli Chapel in the church of San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome
  • 1632 Three hundred colonists bound for New France depart from Dieppe, France
  • 1664 4 British ships to drive Dutch out of NY, arrive in Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1726 Benjamin Franklin sails back to Philadelphia

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1745 Charles Edward Stuart, "the Young Pretender", lands at Eriskay Island, Hebrides

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1764 James Otis publishes views on taxation without representation
  • 1793 The Prussians conquer Mainz

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1798 Napoleon Bonaparte captures Alexandria, Egypt

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1803 Republican Robert Emmet leads Irish rebellion against the British Crown in Dublin
  • 1812 Battle of Mogilev: first significant fighting during Napoleon's invasion of Russia results in minor French victory

Historic Invention1st U.S. Typographer

1829 William Austin Burt patents America's first "typographer" (typewriter)

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U.S. patent letter signed by President Andrew Jackson
U.S. patent letter signed by President Andrew Jackson
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  • 1833 Cornerstones are laid for the construction of the Kirtland Temple in Kirtland, Ohio
  • 1834 HMS Beagle anchors in Bay of Valparaiso (Chile)
  • 1840 Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper & Lower Canada
  • 1848 Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
  • 1850 17th Postmaster General: Nathan K. Hall of NY takes office
  • 1851 Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians and US
  • 1852 Private John Brown becomes the 1st interment in the National Cemetery at the Presidio in San Francisco, California
  • 1858 Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament
  • 1863 Alexandra Park opens in North London, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1870 Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France

Emperor of France Napoleon III
Emperor of France
Napoleon III

InventionHistoric Invention

1872 African American inventor Elijah McCoy is granted a patent for lubricators for steam-engines

Inventor Elijah McCoy
Elijah McCoy
  • 1874 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa
  • 1877 1st US municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations

  • 1877 1st telephone and telegraph line in Hawaii completed
  • 1886 American civilian Steve Brodie allegedly survives plunge from Brooklyn Bridge (135-feet)
  • 1888 John Boyd Dunlop applies to patent pneumatic tire
  • 1900 First Pan-African Congress meets in London, organized by Trinidadian Henry Sylvester Williams, makes plea for African self-government
  • 1900 The Canadian government reviews immigration policy, prohibiting criminals and paupers from landing in Canada
  • 1904 Ice cream cone created during St Louis World Fair - the 1st cone reputedly by Charles E. Menches
  • 1906 Pogroms against Jews in Odessa, Russia
  • 1913 Arabs attack Jewish community of Rechovot, Palestine
  • 1914 Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; demanding acceptance within 48 hours making peacekeeping difficult
  • 1917 Cleveland Metropolitan Park District established in Greater Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1920 British East Africa renamed Kenya and becomes a British crown colony
  • 1921 Chinese communist party forms under guidance of Henk Sneevliet
  • 1926 National Railway Company of Belgium forms (NMBS/SNCFB)
  • 1926 French government of Raymond Poincaré forms
  • 1929 The Fascist government in Italy bans the use of foreign words
  • 1930 Earthquake strikes Ariano in Italy, 1,500 killed
  • 1930 Pitts Pie Traynor ends both games with HRs (1st in 9th, 2nd in 13th)
  • 1931 Ashmore & Cartier Islands in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia
  • 1937 Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University)
  • 1942 German troops conquer Rostow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Adolf Hitler's Directive number 45: order for army to advance on Stalingrad

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 World War II: Operation Edelweiss (a German plan to gain control over the Caucasus) begins
  • 1943 Battle of Koersk, USSR ends in Nazi defeat (6,000 tanks)
  • 1943 US 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini (Sicily)
  • 1944 Conference of Bretton Woods signed; IMF operations begin
  • 1944 Soviet Army marches into Lublin, Poland
  • 1944 US forces invade Japanese-held Tinian in WW II
  • 1944 US troops occupy Pisa, Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Marshal Philippe Pétain, leader of the French Vichy collaborationist regime during World War II goes on trial

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Menachem Begin's Zionist militant group Irgun bombs the King David Hotel, the then British administrative headquarters for Palestine

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 1947 1st (US Navy) air squadron of jets, Quonset Point, Rhode Island
  • 1948 Progressive party convention nominates Henry Wallace for President
  • 1952 General Neguib seizes power, Monarchy overthrown in Egypt (National Day)
  • 1955 English speed ace Donald Campbell drives Bluebird K7 to new water speed record at Ullswater in English Lakes District; first boat past 200 mph: 202.32 mph (325.60 km/h)
  • 1956 Bell X-2 rocket plane sets world aircraft speed record of 3,050 kph
  • 1956 The Loi Cadre is passed by the French Republic in order to order French overseas territory affairs
  • 1958 1st 4 women named to peerage in House of Lords (UK)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 US Vice President Richard Nixon begins visit to the USSR

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1962 The International Agreement on the Neutrality of Laos is signed
  • 1964 Egyptian munition ship "Star of Alexandria" explodes at dockside in Bone, Algeria. 100 die, 160 injured, $20 million damage

  • 1966 Cavern Club in Liverpool reopens
  • 1966 Napoleon XIV releases "They're Coming to Take Me Away, Ha! Ha!"
  • 1967 -27] 43 die in race riot in Detroit (2,000 injured, 442 fires)
  • 1967 Pirate Radio Swinging Scotland closes down for financial reasons
  • 1967 First successful liver transplant, on 19 month old Julie Rodriguez by Dr Starzl at the University of Colorado
  • 1968 Fred Blasie wins 5th wrestling world championship belt
  • 1968 PLO's 1st hijacking of an El Al plane
  • 1968 Race riot in Cleveland, 11 including 3 police officers killed
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1970 Qaboos bin Said al Said becomes Sultan of Oman after overthrowing his father, Sa'id ibn Taimur
  • 1970 A ban on parades and public processions until January 1971 is announced by the Stormont government (North Ireland Parliament)
  • 1971 The British Army carry out early morning raids across Northern Ireland and arrest 48 people
  • 1972 1st Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) is launched
  • 1973 Ozark AL Flight 809 knocked out of air by lightning landing in St Louis, killing 38
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 US President Richard Nixon refuses to release Watergate tapes of conversations in the White House relevant to the Watergate investigation
  • 1974 Greek military dictatorship collapses
  • 1975 Alan Ayckbourn's "Absent Friends" premieres in London
  • 1976 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 Washington jury convicts 12 Hanafi Muslims on hostage charges
  • 1978 Israeli government rejects Sadat's call for return of 2 Sinai areas
  • 1978 Franklin Bradshaw is murdered in Salt Lake City by his grandson Marc Schreuder at the instigation of his mother Frances Schreuder

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 River of No Return Wilderness Area designated by Jimmy Carter

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter

Birthdays in History

  • 645 Yazid I [Yazīd ibn Mu‘āwiya Lanatullah], second Umayyad caliph (680–683) (d. 683)
  • 1301 Otto, Duke of Austria and Styria, born in Vienna (d. 1339)
  • 1339 Louis I, Duke of Anjou and King of Naples (Battle at Poitiers), born in Château de Vincennes, France (d. 1384)
  • 1401 Francesco Sforza, Italian condottiero and Duke of Milan (1401–1466), born in San Miniato, Tuscany (d. 1466)
  • 1503 Anna of Bohemia and Hungary, Queen of the Romans, born in Buda, Hungary (d. 1547)
  • 1649 Clement XI [Giovanni F Albani], Italian pope (ruled 1700-21), born in Urbino, Papal States (d. 1721)
  • 1659 Antonius Schultingh [Schultingius], Dutch lawyer, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1734)
  • 1705 Francis Blomefield, English topographer (History of Norfolk), born in Fersfield, Norfolk (d. 1752)
  • 1773 Thomas Brisbane, British soldier, administrator and astronomer, born in Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1860)
  • 1775 Étienne-Louis Malus, French physicist (Polarization of light), born in Paris (d. 1812)
  • 1777 Philipp Otto Runge, German Romantic painter, born in Wolgast, West Pomerania (d. 1810)
  • 1822 Darius Nash Couch, American businessman, naturalist, and Major General (Union Army), born in (d. 1897)
  • 1823 Coventry Patmore, English poet and critic (The Angel in the House), born in Essex, England (d. 1896)
  • 1824 Gabriel C. Wharton, American civil engineer and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Culpeper County, Virginia (d. 1906)
  • 1827 Pieter Caland, Dutch hydraulic engineer (New Waterway), born in Zierikzee, Zeeland, Netherlands (d. 1902)
  • 1828 Jonathan Hutchinson, English surgeon and scientist, born in Selby, Yorkshire, England (d. 1913)
  • 1834 James Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop of Baltimore, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1921)
  • 1841 Edmund John Armstrong, Irish poet, born in Dublin (d. 1865)
  • 1856 Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Indian early nationalist leader, born in Ratnagiri, British India (d. 1920)
  • 1861 Alexander Willem Frederik Idenburg, Dutch politician of the Anti Revolutionary Party and Governor-General of Dutch Indies (1909-16), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • 1864 Apolinario Mabini, Filipino political theoretician and 1st Prime Minister of the Philippines, born in Tanauan, Batangas, Philippines (d. 1903)
  • 1865 Friedrich Aereboe, German landlord and agricultural economist, born in Horn, Hamburg (d. 1942)
  • 1865 Max Heindel, Danish-American Christian occultist, astrologer and mystic, born in Aarhus, Denmark (d. 1919)
  • 1883 Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, British field marshal, born in Bragnieres-de-Bigorre, France (d. 1963)
  • 1886 Arthur Whitten Brown, British aviator (first nonstop airplane crossing of the Atlantic with John W. Alcock), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1948)
  • 1886 Jan Poortenaar, Dutch painter, etcher and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1958)
  • 1886 Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo, Spanish writer (Englishmen, Frenchmen, Spaniards) and diplomat, born in La Coruña, Spain (d.
  • 1886 Walter H. Schottky, German physicist (Thermodynamik), born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1976)
  • 1888 Gluyas Williams, American cartoonist (Fellows Citizen), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1982)
  • 1888 Milan Stojadinović, Serbian-Yugoslav political figure and 12th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (1935-39), born in Čačak, Kingdom of Serbia (d. 1961)
  • 1891 Maurus H. Hulsman, Dutch priest and editor (Amigoe di Curacao)

Person of interestHaile Selassie

1892 Haile Selassie [Ras Tafari Makonnen], Emperor of Ethiopia (1930-74), born in Ejersa Goro, Ethiopian Empire (d. 1975)

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • 1893 Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist (Menninger Clinic), born in Topeka, Kansas (d. 1990)
  • 1898 Jacob Marschak, Ukrainian-American economist (econometrics), born in Kiev, Russia (d. 1977)
  • 1899 Gustav Heinemann, President of West Germany (1969-74), born in Schwelm, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1976)
  • 1906 Wolfgang Gentner, German nuclear physicist, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1980)
  • 1906 Chandra Sekhar Azad, Indian revolutionary (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army), born in Bhavra, Central India Agency, British India (d. 1931)
  • 1906 Vladimir Prelog, Croatian-Swiss organic chemist (Nobel 1975), born in Sarajevo, Austria-Hungary (d. 1998)
  • 1907 Elspeth Huxley, English author (The Flame Trees of Thika and The Mottled Lizard), born in London (d. 1997)
  • 1913 Michael Foot, British politician (L) and writer, Leader of the Opposition (1980-83), born in Plymouth, Devon (d. 2010)
  • 1914 Alastair Down, Scottish CEO (Burmah Oil), born in Kirkcaldy, Fife (d. 2004)
  • 1916 Ronald Ridout, English school textbook author (English Today), born in Farnham, Surrey (d. 1994)
  • 1917 Charles Kerruish, Manx politician and President of Tyndwald Isle of Man, born in Isle of Man (d. 2003)
  • 1917 John Stokes, British MP (C), born in Sandy, Bedfordshire (d. 2003)
  • 1920 Marcel Maeyer, Belgian sculptor and graphic artist, born in Sint-Niklaas, Belgium (d. 1993)
  • 1921 Harry Hookway, English first Chief Executive of the British Library (1973-84), born in London, England (d. 2014)
  • 1921 Peter Twiss, British test pilot (breaking the World Air Speed Record and being the first person to exceed 1,000 mph in flight), born in Lindfield, Sussex (d. 2011)
  • 1922 Moses Rosen, Chief Rabbi of Romania (1948-94), born in Moineşti, Bacău, Romania (d. 1994)
  • 1923 Cyril M. Kornbluth, American sci-fi writer (Space Merchants), born in NYC, New York (d. 1958)
  • 1924 Betsy Haworth, Church of England deaconess and minister, born in Leigh, Lancashire (d. 2007)
  • 1926 Ludvik Vaculik, Czech writer (Two Thousand Words), born in Brumo, Zlín Region (d. 2015)
  • 1927 Al McCandless, American Republican politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Brawley, California (d. 2017)
  • 1927 Elliot McKay See Jr., American engineer and NASA astronaut, born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1966)
  • 1928 Hubert Selby Jr., American author (Last Exit to Brooklyn), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2004)
  • 1928 Vera Rubin, American astronomer who discovered dark matter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Andrew Rutherford, Scottish scholar and Vice-Chancellor of the University of London (1994-97), born in Helmsdale, Sutherland, Scotland (d. 1998)
  • 1931 Jan Torell, Swedish director (New Land, Emigrants), born in Limhamm, Sweden
  • 1931 Richard Searby, Australian lawyer and deputy-chairman (News Corp Ltd-Australia)
  • 1931 Te Atairangikaahu, Māori Queen for 40 years (1966-2006), born in Waahi Marae, Huntly, New Zealand (d. 2006)
  • 1931 Arata Isozaki, Japanese architect (Art Tower Mito, Pritzler Prize 2019), born in Oito, Japan
  • 1933 Richard Rogers, English architect (European Court of Human Rights building), born in Florence, Italy
  • 1934 Nicholas Barrington, British high commissioner (Pakistan) and author (A passage to Nuristan: exploring the mysterious Afghan hinterland)
  • 1935 Hein Heinsen, Danish artist, born in Grindsted, Denmark

Person of interestAnthony Kennedy

1936 Anthony Kennedy, 106th US Supreme Court justice (1988-2018), born in Sacramento, California

106th US Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy
106th US Supreme Court Justice
Anthony Kennedy
  • 1938 Charles Harrelson, American organized crime figure, born in Lovelady, Texas (d. 2007)
  • 1941 Sergio Mattarella, Italian politician and President of Italy (2015-), born in Palermo, Italy
  • 1942 Myra Hindley, English murderess (murdered 5 small children with Ian Brady), born in Manchester, England (d. 2002)
  • 1942 Sallyanne Atkinson, Australian politician (Lord Mayor of Brisbane 1985-91), born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1943 Randall Forsberg, American nuclear freeze advocate, born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 2007)
  • 1944 Judith Bosch, Dutch radio and TV-hostess (Tweekamp, Zeskamp), born in Leiden, Netherlands
  • 1947 Spencer Christian, American TV weatherman (Good Morning America), born in Newport News, Virginia
  • 1948 John Cushnahan, Northern Irish politician, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • 1950 Alex Kozinski, Romanian-American Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, born in Bucharest, Romania

Person of interestNajib Razak

1953 Najib Razak, Malaysian politician (Prime Minister of Malaysia, 2009-2018), born in Kuala Lipis, Malaya

Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak
Prime Minister of Malaysia
Najib Razak
  • 1964 Ed Forchion, American marijuana activist (NJWeedman), born in Camden, New Jersey
  • 1969 Raphael Warnock, American pastor and politician, born in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1970 Thea Dorn, German writer of crime fiction, born in Offenbach am Main, Hesse, Germany

Person of interestMonica Lewinsky

1973 Monica Lewinsky, American White House intern (improper relationship with Bill Clinton), born in San Francisco, California

White House Intern Monica Lewinsky
White House Intern
Monica Lewinsky

Weddings in History

  • 1986 Britain's Prince Andrew (26) weds Sarah Ferguson (26) at Westminster Abbey in London, England

Deaths in History

  • 945 Richarius, bishop of Luik (922-45), dies
  • 1227 Qiu Chuji, Chinese Taoist (b. 1148)
  • 1373 Birgitta van Sweden, Swedish saint, dies
  • 1403 Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester, English rebel (executed) (b. 1343)
  • 1531 Louis de Brézé, seigneur d'Anet, Marshal of Normandy and husband of Diane de Poitiers
  • 1568 Don Carlos, son of Spanish King Philip II, dies at about 23
  • 1581 Georges Lalaing, viceroy of Friesland, dies
  • 1584 John Day, English protestant printer (Book of Martyrs) (b. 1522)
  • 1645 Michael I, first Russian Tsar of the House of Romanov (1613-45), dies at 49
  • 1690 Richard Gibson, English painter of portrait miniatures and a court dwarf, dies at around 75
  • 1692 Gilles Ménage, French scholar, dies at 78
  • 1727 Simon Harcourt, 1st Viscount Harcourt, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain
  • 1764 Gilbert Tennent, Irish-born religious leader (b. 1703)
  • 1773 George Edwards, English naturalist and ornithologist (father of British ornithology), dies at 79
  • 1781 John Joachim Zubly, Swiss-American Continental Congressman, dies at 56

Person of interestRoger Sherman

1793 Roger Sherman, American lawyer and Founding Father of the United States (Declaration of Independence), dies of typhoid fever at 72

Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman
Founding Father of the United States
Roger Sherman
  • 1800 John Rutledge, American 2nd Chief Justice of the United States, dies at 60
  • 1803 Arthur Wolfe, Irish 1st viscount Kilwarden, Chief Justice of Ireland, murdered during Irish Rebellion at 64
  • 1816 Elizabeth Hamilton, British author (Cats: A Celebration), dies at 68
  • 1844 Christian Gobrecht, 4th US chief engraver (1840-44), dies in office
  • 1853 Andries Pretorius, Boer leader (Pretoria named after him), dies at 54
  • 1859 Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, French poet (Bouquets et prières), dies at 73
  • 1875 Isaac Singer, American inventor (1st practical home sewing machine), dies at 63
  • 1878 Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, Bohemian physician (b. 1804)

Person of interestUlysses S. Grant

1885 Ulysses S. Grant, 18th US President (1869-77) and Union general, dies of esophageal cancer in Mount McGregor NY at 63

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1888 Williams Carter Wickham, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 67
  • 1904 John Simon, British pathologist, public health officer, and 1st Chief Medical Officer (1855-76), dies at 87
  • 1905 Jean-Jacques Henner, French painter, dies at 76
  • 1909 Ernest F. Cambier, Belgian colonial pioneer (1st Congo railway), dies at 65
  • 1916 William Ramsay, Scottish chemist who discovered noble gases (Nobel 1904), dies at 63
  • 1920 Conrad Kohrs, German-born cattle rancher in Montana, dies at 84
  • 1923 Charles Dupuy, French statesman, 3 times Prime Minister of France (1893, 1894-95, 1898-99), dies at 71
  • 1924 Frank Frost Abbott, American classical scholar, dies at 64
  • 1927 Saad Zaghlul, Egyptian parliament chairman, dies at 74
  • 1930 Glenn Curtiss, American aviation pioneer and airplane builder, dies at 52
  • 1942 Nikola Vaptsarov, Bulgarian poet, communist and revolutionary, executed by firing squad at 32
  • 1942 Adam Adam Czerniaków, Polish engineer and head of Warsaw Jewish Ghetto Council, dies by suicide at beginning of clearing of the Ghetto at 61
  • 1942 Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer who invented devices for radio broadcasting, dies at 72
  • 1943 Emanuel Querido, Dutch author and publisher (N.V. Em. Querido Uitgeversmaatschappij), murdered in the Nazi extermination camp at Sobibor at 71
  • 1944 Max Nettlau, German anarchist and historian, dies at 79
  • 1944 Helmuth James von Moltke, German earl (July 20th plotter), executed by the Nazis for treason at 37
  • 1946 James Maxton, Scottish politician, Leader of the Independent Labour Party, dies at 61

Person of interestPhilippe Pétain

1951 Philippe Pétain, French marshal and Chief of the French State (1940-44), dies at 95

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • 1955 Cordell Hull, American Secretary of State (1933-44) who established United Nations (Nobel Peace Prize 1945), dies at 83
  • 1957 Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Italian Prince and writer (The Leopard), dies at 61
  • 1964 Jan de Vries, Dutch scholar of Germanic linguistics and Germanic mythology, dies at 74
  • 1968 Henry Hallett Dale, physiologist (1938 Noble Prize for Medicine or Physiology for work on acetylcholine), dies at 93
  • 1969 Dell Floyd, American editor, author and playwright (Little Accident), dies at 82
  • 1973 Eddie Rickenbacker, American aviator "Ace of Aces" (WWI), dies at 82
  • 1979 Joseph Kessel, French journalist and novelist (b. 1898)
  • 1980 Sarto Fournier, Mayor of Montreal (b. 1908)
  • 1980 Mollie Steimer, American political prisoner and anarchist agitator, dies at 82
  • 1982 Betty Parsons, American artist and art dealer, dies at 82
  • 1989 Donald Barthelme, American author (b. 1931)
  • 1990 Kenjiro Takayanagi, Japanese development of television (b. 1899)
  • 1994 Aad Ivens, Dutch checkers player, dies at 80
  • 1994 Henry William Collins, English artist, dies at 84
  • 1995 Bob Rundick, American poet and DJ, dies at 52
  • 1996 Jessica "Decca" Mitford, English author, activist and one of the Mitford sisters, dies at 78
  • 1996 John Corner, scientist, dies at 80
  • 1999 Hassan II [Mawlāy al-Ḥasan Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf], King of Morocco (1961-99), dies of natural causes at 70
  • 2001 Eudora Welty, American novelist (Optimist's Daughter-Pulitzer 1973), dies at 92
  • 2002 William Luther Pierce, American author and activist, dies at 68
  • 2002 Chaim Potok, American novelist and rabbi (b. 1929)
  • 2003 James E. Davis, New York City councilman (murdered) (b. 1962)
  • 2006 Jean-Paul Desbiens, Quebec writer and journalist (b. 1927)
  • 2007 Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan (b. 1914)
  • 2007 George Tabori, Hungarian writer, dies at 93
  • 2007 Benjamin Libet, American scientist (human consciousness), dies at 91
  • 2008 Kurt Furgler, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1924)
  • 2011 John Shalikashvili, Polish-American general (NATO), dies at 75
  • 2011 Nguyễn Cao Kỳ, Premier of South Vietnam (1965-67), dies at 80

Person of interestSally Ride

2012 Sally Ride, American astronaut and 1st American woman in space, dies of pancreatic cancer at 61

1st American Woman in Space Sally Ride
1st American Woman in Space
Sally Ride
  • 2014 Dora Bryan [Broadhurst], English actress (Taste of Honey), dies at 91
  • 2016 Thorbjorn Falldin, Swedish politician, Prime Minister (1976-78, 79-82) and sheep farmer, dies at 90
  • 2020 Benjamin Mkapa, Tanzanian politician, President of Tanzania (1995-2005), dies at 81