On This Day

On This Day in History for July 26

Events in History

  • 657 Battle of Siffin during the first Muslim civil war between Ali ibn Abi Talib and Muawiyah I beside Euphrates River
  • 811 Battle of Pliska: Bulgarians under Krum beat Byzantines
  • 920 Rout of an alliance of Christian troops from Navarre and Léon against the Muslims at Pamplona
  • 1267 Inquisition forms in Rome under Pope Clement IV
  • 1309 Henry VII is recognized King of the Romans by Pope Clement V

BattleBattle of Interest

1469 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Edgecote Moor - Pitting the forces of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick against those of King Edward IV

King of England Edward IV
King of England
Edward IV
  • 1497 "Edward IV's son" Perkin Warbeck's army lands in Cork
  • 1499 Spanish conquistador Alonso de Ojeda discovers Curacao Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1519 Francisco Pizarro receives royal charter for the west coast of South America

Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro

How 200 Conquistadors Conquered an Empire of 10 MillionHow 200 Conquistadors Conquered an Empire of 10 Million

1533 Francisco Pizarro orders the death of the last Sapa Inca Emperor, Atahualpa

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Battle of Cajamarca and the capture of Atahualpa
Battle of Cajamarca and the capture of Atahualpa
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  • 1576 Muitende Spanish troops conquer Aalst

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1579 Francis Drake leaves San Francisco to cross Pacific Ocean

Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
  • 1588 English Admiral John Hawkins knighted for his actions against the Armada
  • 1609 English mathematician Thomas Harriot is the first person to draw a map of the Moon by looking through a telescope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1656 Dutch painter Rembrandt van Rijn declares he is insolvent

  • 1663 French troops invade papal territory Comtat Venaissin
  • 1678 England and Netherlands signs treaty: sending ultimatum to France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1755 Giacomo Casanova is arrested in Venice for affront to religion and common decency and imprisoned in the Doge's Palace

Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover Giacomo Casanova
Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover
Giacomo Casanova
  • 1757 Battle at Hastenbeck: French army beats Duke of Cumberland

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1758 British battle fleet under general James Wolfe conquers Louisbourg

British Army Officer James Wolfe
British Army Officer
James Wolfe
  • 1759 11,000 British troops drive a token French garrison of 400 out of Fort Ticonderoga, New York
  • 1760 Austrian troops occupy Fort Glatz Silezie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 US Continental Congress creates United States Post Office (U.S.P.O.) in Philadelphia under Benjamin Franklin

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

USAConstitution of the United States

1788 New York becomes 11th state to ratify US constitution

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Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
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  • 1790 US Congress passes the Funding Act of 1790 making the federal government responsible for debts incurred by the states
  • 1803 The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opens in south London
  • 1805 Naples/Calabria struck by Earthquake; about 26,000 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1822 Secret meeting of Simón Bolívar and Jose de San Martin

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar
Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1826 Riots in Vilnius, Lithuania cause the death of many Jews
  • 1832 HMS Beagle anchors in Montevideo
  • 1835 1st sugar cane plantation started in Hawaii
  • 1847 Moses Gerrish Farmer builds 1st miniature train for children to ride
  • 1847 The Liberian Declaration of Independence is signed making Liberia a sovereign nation, independent from the American Colonization Society
  • 1858 Baron Lionel de Rothschild becomes the 1st Jewish person elected to the British Parliament

  • 1863 Battle of Salineville Ohio, John Hunt Morgan and 364 troops surrender
  • 1864 -31] Riot at McCook's to Lovejoy Station, Georgia
  • 1864 -31] Riot at Stoneman's to Macon, Georgia
  • 1864 Battle at Ezra Chapel (Church), Georgia [Hood's Third Sortie]
  • 1865 Patrick Francis Healy is 1st African American awarded PhD (from University of Leuven, Belgium)
  • 1865 The capital of New Zealand moves from Auckland to Wellington
  • 1866 Canoe Club opens in England
  • 1878 In California, poet and American West outlaw calling himself "Black Bart" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box found later with a taunting poem inside.
  • 1881 French marines occupy Tunisian harbor city Sfax
  • 1887 1st Esperanto book published
  • 1891 Henry James' "American" premieres in London
  • 1891 France annexes Tahiti.
  • 1897 37.5 cm rainfall at Jewell, Maryland (state record)
  • 1902 Australia beat England by 3 runs at Old Trafford
  • 1903 1st automobile trip across the United States (San Francisco to New York) completed by Horatio Nelson Jackson and Sewall K. Crocker
  • 1908 United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 First Lord of the Admiralty (British Minister of Navy) Winston Churchill orders British fleet to remain

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1914 For the next two days, the foreign ministries and leaders of major states work feverishly to avert war
  • 1914 Irish Volunteers unload a shipment of 1,500 rifles and 45,000 rounds of ammunition arrive from Germany aboard Erskine Childers' yacht the Asgard; British troops fire on jeering crowd on Bachelors Walk, Dublin, killing three citizens
  • 1915 International School for Wijsbegeerte forms

  • 1916 The US Protests the 'Blacklist' issued by the British forbidding trade with some 30 US firms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 J. Edgar Hoover gets job in US Department of Justice

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • 1918 Race riot in Philadelphia (3 whites & 1 black killed)
  • 1926 National Bar Association incorporates
  • 1926 Philippines government asks USA for a plebiscite on independence
  • 1936 The Axis Powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1937 End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1941 1st Dutch Austrians depart Hague
  • 1941 US embargo on oil-export to Japan
  • 1942 RC churches protest, Dutch bishops stand against spread of Judaism
  • 1943 120°F (49°C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record)
  • 1943 Otto Skorzeny's commando group arrives in Rome
  • 1944 Japanese suicide attack on US lines in Guam
  • 1944 Soviet troops arrive in Weichsel
  • 1944 US offensive at St-Lo/2nd Armour div occupies St Gilles
  • 1944 The first German V-2 rocket hits Great Britain (nicknamed "gasometer").

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1945 After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee

Conference of InterestPotsdam Conference

1945 Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the unconditional surrender of Japan during WWII

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Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman and Josef Stalin in the garden of Cecilienhof Palace before meeting for the Potsdam Conference
Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman and Josef Stalin in the garden of Cecilienhof Palace before meeting for the Potsdam Conference
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  • 1945 Japanese government disregards US ultimatum
  • 1945 US cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with atom bomb

  • 1945 Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's Prime Minister after election defeat

JapanNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

1945 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva depart Kirtland Army Air Field to transport the plutonium core for the Fat Man bomb (bombing of Nagasaki) to the island of Tinian where the bomb is assembled

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Mushroom cloud over Nagasaki
Mushroom cloud over Nagasaki
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  • 1946 Aloha Airlines began service from Honolulu International Airport

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 President Truman signs National Security Act (1947), establishing Department of Defense, CIA, National Security Council and Joint Chiefs of Staff

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1947 US President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act which establishes the Central Intelligence Agency
  • 1948 President Harry Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 to desegregate the US armed forces, directing "equality of treatment and opportunity" in the military
  • 1950 KNIL (Royal Dutch East Indies Army) unites
  • 1951 Netherlands ends state of war with Germany
  • 1952 King Farouk I of Egypt abdicates [Black Saturday]
  • 1953 Cuban pirate radio station's 1st transmission at Santiago de Cuba

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Fidel Castro leads a failed attack on the Moncada Barracks, intended to spark a revolution in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • 1953 Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle orders an anti-polygamy law enforcement crackdown on residents of Short Creek, Arizona, which becomes known as the Short Creek Raid
  • 1955 Ted Allen throws a record 72 consecutive horseshoe ringers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser announces plan to nationalize Suez Canal, initiating the "Suez Crisis"

President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser
President of Egypt
Gamal Abdel Nasser
  • 1957 USSR launches 1st intercontinental multistage ballistic missile
  • 1957 Carlos Castillo Armas, Dictator and President of Guatemala, is assassinated by a palace guard with leftist sympathies
  • 1958 Army launches 4th US successful satellite, Explorer IV
  • 1960 Italian government of Fanfani forms
  • 1962 Maria Oeljanov, 1st airship with nuclear missiles, arrives in Cuba
  • 1963 Skopje, Yugoslavia, destroyed by earthquake, kills 1,000+
  • 1963 US Syncom 2, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, launched
  • 1963 The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development votes to admit Japan.
  • 1964 Teamsters President and US union leader Jimmy Hoffa convicted of fraud and conspiracy
  • 1964 Train from Povoa de Varzin, Portugal derails near Oporto, 94 die

Birthdays in History

  • 1030 Stanislaus of Szczepanów, St. Stanislaw, born in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland (d. 1079)
  • 1467 Ferdinand II, King of Naples (1495-96), born in Naples (d. 1496)
  • 1678 Joseph I Habsburg, German king and Roman Catholic emperor (1705-11), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1711)

Person of interestHoratio Gates

1727 Horatio Gates, British-American soldier (general of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War), born in Maldon, England (d. 1806)

Military Leader Horatio Gates
Military Leader
Horatio Gates

Person of interestGeorge Clinton

1739 George Clinton, American soldier and 4th Vice President (1805-12), born in Little Britain, New York (d. 1812)

US Vice President George Clinton
US Vice President
George Clinton
  • 1794 Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist, born in Husum, Denmark (d. 1865)
  • 1796 George Catlin, American author and painter (American Indian scenes), born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 1872)
  • 1799 Isaac Babbitt, American goldsmith who invented babbitt's metal for bearings, born in Taunton, Massachusetts (d. 1862)
  • 1801 John Drake Sloat, 1st Military Governor of California (Union Navy), born in Sloatsburg, New York (d. 1867)
  • 1802 Winthrop Mackworth Praed, English politician and poet, born in London, England (d. 1839)
  • 1802 Mariano Arista, President of Mexico (1851-53), born in San Luis Potosí, Mexico (d. 1855)
  • 1805 Constantino Brumidi, Greek-Italian-American historical artist (Myrtle Murdock), born in Rome (d. 1880)
  • 1813 Isaac Baumann, Jewish pioneer and trader in Bloemfontein, South Africa, born in Kassel Hesse, Germany (d. 1881)
  • 1820 John Marshall Jones, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • 1829 Auguste Beernaert, 14th Prime Minister of Belgium (1884-94) and Nobel Peace Prize laureate 1909, born in Ostend, Belgium (d. 1912)
  • 1842 Alfred Marshall, English economist (Principles of Economics), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1855 Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist and philosopher, born in Oldenswort, Germany (d. 1936)

Person of interestGeorge Bernard Shaw

1856 George Bernard Shaw, Irish dramatist (Pygmalion, Nobel Prize for Literature 1925), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1950)

  • 1860 Philippe J Bunau-Varilla, French engineer (Colombia-Panama), born in Paris (d. 1940)
  • 1863 Paul Walden, Latvian chemist (Walden inversion, room-temperature ionic liquid, ethylammonium nitrate), born in Rozulas, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1865 Philipp Scheidemann, German politcian (SPD) and Mayor of Kassel, born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1872 George Louis Beer, American historian (authority on British colonies), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1920)

Person of interestCarl Jung

1875 Carl Jung, Swiss Psychiatrist (founded analytic psychology), born in Kesswil, Switzerland (d. 1961)

Psychiatrist Carl Jung
Carl Jung
  • 1875 Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (Campos de Castilla), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1939)
  • 1880 Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Ukrainian politician and statesman, born in Yelisavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1881 Alexander J. Kropholler, Dutch architect and writer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1973)
  • 1885 Andre Maurois [Emile Herzog], French writer (Balzac), born in Elbeuf, France (d. 1967)
  • 1888 Marcel Jouhandeau, French writer, born in Guéret, France (d. 1979)
  • 1890 Daniel J. Callaghan, US Admiral (Medal of Honor), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1942)
  • 1891 Jacques Pirenne, Belgian historian and honorary secretary of King Leopold III of Belgium, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1972)

Person of interestAldous Huxley

1894 Aldous Huxley, English author (Brave New World, Island), born in Godalming, Surrey (d. 1963)

  • 1894 Lodewijk Rogier, Dutch historian (Henric van Veldeken), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1974)
  • 1895 Jane Bunford, Britain's tallest-ever person measuring 2.41 metres (7 ft 11 in) at the time of her death, born in Bartley Green, Northfield, Birmingham (d. 1922)
  • 1897 Paul Gallico, American novelist (The Snow Goose), born in NYC, New York (d. 1976)
  • 1899 Carel C. van Essen, Dutch archaeologist (Italian & Roman art), born in Amsterdam (d. 1963)
  • 1899 Danton Walker, American columnist (Broadway Spotlight), born in Mariette, Georgia (d. 1960)
  • 1906 Irena Iłłakowicz, Polish agent of Intelligence, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1943)

Person of interestSalvador Allende

1908 Salvador Allende, President of Chile (1970-73) and the 1st Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through an open election, born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1973)

Marxist and President of Chile Salvador Allende
Marxist and President of Chile
Salvador Allende
  • 1909 Peter Thorneycroft, British politician, born in Dunston, Staffordshire (d. 1994)
  • 1919 James Lovelock, British scientist and environmentalist, born in Letchworth, Hertfordshire
  • 1919 Kenneth Snowman, British jeweller and antiquarian, born in Hampstead, London (d. 2002)
  • 1922 Frank Price, CEO (British Waterways Board), born in Birmingham (d. 2017)
  • 1923 Peter Carey, British civil servant and permanent secretary (DTI), born in Portsmouth (d. 2011)
  • 1923 Jan Berenstain [Janice Marian Grant], American author (The Berenstain Bears), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • 1924 Elias Motsoaledi, South African freedom fighter and anti-apartheid activist, born in Phokoane, Sekhukhuneland, Northern Transvaal (d. 1994)
  • 1924 John Kilgour, British physician and director of prison medical services (Home Office), born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 2008)
  • 1925 Jerzy Einhorn, Polish-Swedish doctor, researcher and politician, born in Częstochowa, Poland (d. 2000)
  • 1926 Ana María Matute, Spanish author (Fiesta al noroeste), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2014)
  • 1928 Elliott Erwitt [Elio Romano], French-American photographer (Gimme Shelter), born in Paris, France
  • 1928 Ibn-e-Safi, Pakistani fiction writer and Urdu poet, born in Allahabad, India (d. 1980)
  • 1928 Peter Lougheed, Canadian politician (10th Premier of Alberta), born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Marc Lalonde, French Canadian politician (30th Minister of Finance), born in Île Perrot, Quebec
  • 1930 Sarah A. Oppenheim-Barnes, Baroness Oppenheim-Barnes, British Conservative politician, born in Dublin
  • 1937 Boris Cyrulnik, French doctor, born in Bordeaux, France
  • 1938 Keith Peters, Welsh physician, born in Baglan, Glamorgan

Person of interestJohn Howard

1939 John Howard, 25th Prime Minister of Australia (1996-2007), born in Earlwood, New South Wales, Australia

25th Australian Prime Minister John Howard
25th Australian Prime Minister
John Howard
  • 1939 Wopko Jensma, South African poet and graphic designer, born in South Africa
  • 1940 Brian Mawhinney, British Conservative Party politician, born in Belfast, United Kingdom
  • 1940 Mary Jo Kopechne, American political campaign specialist and Ted Kennedy's car passenger, born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 1969)
  • 1942 Vladimír Mečiar, 1st and 3rd Prime Minister of Slovakia, born in Zvolen, Slovakia
  • 1944 Rimantas Stankevičius, Lithuanian cosmonaut, born in Marijampolė, Lithuania (d. 1990)
  • 1946 Anne Wright, British academic and Vice-Chancellor (Sunderland University)
  • 1947 Pauline Clare, Britain's first female Chief Constable (Lancashire)
  • 1949 William M Shepherd, American Navy SEAL and NASA astronaut (STS 27, 41, 52), born in Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • 1950 Paul McHale Jr., American politcian (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
  • 1951 William S. McArthur Jr., American astronaut (STS 58, 74, sk: 92), born in Laurinburg, North Carolina
  • 1952 Scott David Cook, CEO (Intuit-Quicken), born in Glendale, California
  • 1954 Lawrence Watt-Evans, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Sword of Bheleu), born in Arlington, Massachusetts
  • 1955 Asif Ali Zardari, Pakistani politician, President of Pakistan (2008-13), born in Karachi, Pakistan
  • 1959 Rick Bragg, American journalist and writer, born in Piedmont, Alabama
  • 1962 Galina Chistyakova, Russian jumper (world record 1988), born in Izmail, Ukraine
  • 1964 Anne Provoost, Belgian author (In the Shadow of the Ark), born in Poperinge, Belgium
  • 1964 Ralf Metzenmacher, German painter and designer, born in Aachen, Germany
  • 1967 Tim Schafer, American computer game designer, born in Sonoma, California
  • 1973 Lenka Kotková [Šarounová], Czech astronomer and discoverer of minor planets, born in Dobřichovice, Czechoslovakia

Person of interestJacinda Ardern

1980 Jacinda Ardern, Prime Minister of New Zealand (2017-present), born in Hamilton, New Zealand

New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern
New Zealand Prime Minister
Jacinda Ardern

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1797 US President John Quincy Adams (29) weds Louisa Johnson (22) at All Hallows Barking parish in London

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams

LoveWedding of Interest

1849 Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott (28) weds Mary Bethune at bride's parents home

3rd Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott
3rd Prime Minister of Canada
John Abbott

LoveWedding of Interest

1895 Physicist and chemist Maria Skłodowska (27) weds physicist Pierre Curie (36) in Sceaux, France

Physicist Marie Curie
Marie Curie

LoveWedding of Interest

1942 Science fiction author Isaac Asimov (22) weds Gertrude Blugerman in Brooklyn, New York

Author and Biochemistry Professor Isaac Asimov
Author and Biochemistry Professor
Isaac Asimov
  • 2013 Goo Goo Dolls frontman John Rzeznik (47) weds Melina Gallo at Calamigos Ranch in Malibu, California
  • 2014 Actress Piper Perabo (37) weds director Stephen Kay in NYC, New York

Deaths in History

  • 796 Offa, king of Mercia (75.-796)
  • 811 Nicephorus I, Byzantine Emperor (802-11), dies in battle
  • 1342 Charles I Robert van Anjou, King of Hungary (1307-42), dies
  • 1380 Emperor Komyo of Japan (b. 1322)
  • 1471 Pope Paul II [Pietro Barbo], Italian Pope (1464-71), dies at 54

Person of interestAtahualpa

1533 Atahualpa, last Sapa Inca Emperor, garroted by order of Francisco Pizarro at about 52

Last Inca Emperor Atahualpa
Last Inca Emperor
  • 1592 Armand de Gontaut, baron de Biron, French soldier (b. 1524)
  • 1611 Horio Yoshiharu, Japanese warlord (b. 1542)
  • 1615 Alonso Pérez de Guzmán, 7th Duke of Medina Sidonia, Spanish Armada commander, dies at 64
  • 1630 Charles Emanuel I, the Great, Duke of Savoy (Peace of Lyon), dies
  • 1680 John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, poet/courtier, dies

Person of interestElena Cornaro Piscopia

1684 Elena Cornaro Piscopia, Italian mathematician and the 1st woman to receive an academic degree from a university, dies of tuberculosis at 38

Philosopher and Mathematician Elena Cornaro Piscopia
Philosopher and Mathematician
Elena Cornaro Piscopia
  • 1712 Thomas Osborne, English PM (1690-94), dies at 80
  • 1723 Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman
  • 1728 John Friend, physician/politician, dies
  • 1834 Jonathan Jennings, American politician (Governor of Indiana, 1816–1822; Congressman for Indiana, 1822–1831), dies at 50

Person of interestSam Houston

1863 Sam Houston, 1st President of Republic of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44) who helped bring Texas into the United States as a constituent state, dies at 70

Texan Revolutionary Sam Houston
Texan Revolutionary
Sam Houston
  • 1867 King Otto of Greece (b. 1815)
  • 1881 George Borrow, writer, dies
  • 1910 Philippus Jacobus Hoedemaker, Dutch theologist, dies at 71
  • 1915 James Murray, Scottish lexicographer and philologist (Oxford English Dictionary), dies at 78
  • 1916 Sally Louisa Tompkins, American nurse and philanthrophist, only commissioned woman in US Confederate Army, dies at 82
  • 1918 Eduard "Mick" Mannock, British WW I flying ace (Victoria Cross), dies at 31
  • 1919 Sir Edward Poynter, British painter (b. 1836)

Person of interestWilliam Jennings Bryan

1925 William Jennings Bryan, American orator and statesman known as "The Great Commoner", dies at 65

US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan
US Secretary of State
William Jennings Bryan
  • 1925 Gottlob Frege, German mathematician and logician (Begriffsschrift), dies at 76
  • 1934 Winsor McCay, American cartoonist (Little Nemo), dies at 63
  • 1937 Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), German-born war photojournalist, dies covering Spanish Civil War aged 26
  • 1941 Benjamin Whorf, anthropologist, dies
  • 1941 Marx Dormoy, French socialist, killed by a time bomb
  • 1941 Benjamin Lee Whorf, American linguist (the relation of language to thinking and cognition), dies at 44
  • 1941 Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (Lebesgue integration), dies at 66
  • 1942 Titus Brandsma [Anno Sjoerd], Dutch Roman Catholic priest and philosopher (Dachau), dies
  • 1942 Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (The Seven Madmen), dies at 42
  • 1944 Rezā Shāh Pahlavi [Rezā Khan], Shah of Iran (1925-41), dies of a heart ailment at 66
  • 1946 Morris Hirshfield, Polish/American painter, dies

Person of interestEva Perón

1952 Eva Perón [Evita], Argentine First Lady (1946-52) actress, suffragette, unionist and humanitarian who was inspiration for A.L. Webber's musical "Evita", dies of cancer at 33

First Lady of Argentina Eva Perón
First Lady of Argentina
Eva Perón
  • 1953 Nikolaos Plastiras, Greece premier (1945-50, 51-2), dies
  • 1954 Hans Lodeizen [Johan Frederik], poet (Travel to Congo), dies at 26
  • 1954 Ruth Bryan Owen, American politician (first woman appointed as a U.S. ambassador, Denmark 1933-36), dies at 68
  • 1957 Carlos Castillo Armas, Dictator and President of Guatemala (1954-57), assassinated by a palace guard with leftist sympathies at 42
  • 1959 Manuel Altolaguirre, Spanish poet and publisher (Amor), dies at 54
  • 1960 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (b. 1879)
  • 1960 Cedric Gibbons, American art director (b. 1893)
  • 1970 Robert Taschereau, French Canadian lawyer and Chief Justice of Canada (b. 1896)
  • 1971 Diane Arbus [Nemerov], American photographer (Vogue, Harper's Bazaar), commits suicide at 48 [1]
  • 1974 Arthur K Watson, US businessman (IBM), dies at 55
  • 1980 Ibn-e-Safi, Pakistani fiction writer and Urdu poet, dies at 52

Person of interestGeorge Gallup

1984 George Gallup, American survey sampling pioneer and inventor of the Gallup poll, dies of a heart attack at 82

Inventor of the Gallup Poll George Gallup
Inventor of the Gallup Poll
George Gallup

Person of interestEd Gein

1984 Ed Gein, American serial killer who was the inspiration for the films "Psycho" and "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre", dies of lung cancer at 77

Murderer and Body Snatcher Ed Gein
Murderer and Body Snatcher
Ed Gein
  • 1986 Averell Harriman, statesman, dies in Yorktown Heights, NY at 94
  • 1987 Jim Bishop, American journalist and author (The Day Lincoln was Shot), dies at 79
  • 1988 Fazlur Rahman, Pakistani modernist scholar, dies at 68
  • 1992 Ron Webber, dies of cancer at 60
  • 1993 Matthew B Ridgway, US Army Chief of Staff (1953-55), dies at 98
  • 1994 Marino Iandioro, canned tomato pioneer, dies at 64
  • 1994 Thomas Davis, US movie editor/son of MGM-chief Frank D, dies at 26
  • 1995 George Romney, politician, dead Heart attack, dies at 88
  • 1995 Raymond Mailloux, Quebec politician (b. 1918)
  • 1996 Arthur McDonald, Royal Air Force officer and radar pioneer, dies at 93
  • 2000 John Tukey, American statistician (b. 1915)
  • 2001 Rex Barber, American WWII aviator (b. 1917)
  • 2001 Peter von Zahn, German journalist (b. 1913)
  • 2002 Jutta Hecker, German writer, dies at 97
  • 2005 Alexander Golitzen, American art director (b. 1908)
  • 2005 Jack Hirshleifer, American economist (b. 1925)
  • 2007 Lars Forssell, Swedish writer, member of the Swedish Academy (b. 1928)
  • 2009 Marcey Jacobson, American photographer (b. 1911)
  • 2009 Merce Cunningham, American choreographer (Acrobat in Every Soul is a Circus), dies at 90
  • 2010 Sivakant Tiwari, senior legal officer of the Singapore Legal Service (b. 1945)
  • 2011 Margaret Olley, Australian artist (b.1923)
  • 2012 Franz West, Austrian artist, dies at 65
  • 2013 Rolf Haufs, German writer, dies at 77
  • 2015 Bobbi Kristina Brown, daughter of Whitney Houston and Bobby Brown, dies in a coma at 22
  • 2015 Wolfgang Gönnenwein, German choral director and educator, and artistic director (Ludwigsburger Schlossfestspiele, 1972-2004), dies at 82
  • 2016 Forrest E. Mars Jr., American Candy Manufacturer (Mars, Inc.), dies at 84
  • 2016 Miss Cleo [Youree Dell Harris], American psychic (Psychic Readers Network), dies of colon cancer at 53
  • 2018 Simegnew Bekele, Ethiopian dam engineer (Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam), murdered at 53