On This Day

On This Day in History for July 27

Events in History

  • 432 St Celestine I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

BattleBattle of Interest

1214 1st battle of Bouvines - King Philip II of France vs Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV and King John of England; as a result John lost Normandy and his other possessions in France (hence his nickname John "Lackland")

King of England King John
King of England
King John
  • 1230 Treaty of San Germano between Emperor Frederik II & Pope Gregory IX
  • 1280 Sogen Mugaku, founder of Engakuji temple, arrives in Japan from China
  • 1298 Albert (Albrecht) I, son of Rudolf of Habsburg, crowned King of the Germans
  • 1360 Danish King Waldemar IV destroys Visby, Gotland

Historic DiscoveryBlack Death

1377 First example of quarantine in Rugusa (now Dubroknik); city council passes law saying newcomers from plague areas must isolation for 30 days (later 40 days, quaranta in Italian)

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Medieval painting from 1353 showing the citizens of Tournai (today in Belgium) burying victims of the Black Death
Medieval painting from 1353 showing the citizens of Tournai (today in Belgium) burying victims of the Black Death
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1501 Nicolaus Copernicus formally installed as a canon of Frauenberg Cathedral

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1549 1st Christian missionary in Japan, Jesuit priest Francis Xavier reaches Japan but is not permitted to enter any port until 15 August
  • 1563 French army recaptures Le Havre
  • 1566 Tribunal convicts Agnes Waterhouse of witchcraft, and sentences her to be first British woman executed for the crime (Chelmsford, England)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1586 Walter Raleigh brings the 1st tobacco to England from Virginia

Explorer Walter Raleigh
Walter Raleigh

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1641 Prince Frederick Henry captures castle of Gennep

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1643 Oliver Cromwell defeats Royalists at Battle of Gainsborough

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1655 Jews of New Amsterdam petition for a Jewish cemetery
  • 1655 Netherlands and Brandenburg sign military treaty

  • 1661 English Parliament confirms Navigation Act
  • 1663 English Parliament accepts Staple Act
  • 1689 Battle of Killicrankie: Jacobite Scottish Highlanders under Viscount Dundee defeat royalist force under General MacKay
  • 1694 Bank of England granted 12 year charter by Act of Parliament
  • 1713 Russia and Turkey sign peace treaty
  • 1714 Battle at Hango (Hangut): Russians beat Swedish fleet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1714 British Queen Anne dismisses premier Robert Haley

Queen of England Anne Stuart
Queen of England
Anne Stuart
  • 1720 The second important victory of the Russian Navy - the Battle of Grengam
  • 1789 US Congress establishes Department of Foreign Affairs now referred to as the State Department

BattleCoup d'état

1794 Maximilien Robespierre is overthrown in a coup in Paris

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Maximilien Robespierre
  • 1795 Spain and France sign peace treaty
  • 1809 Battle of Talavera: British/Spanish army vs French army
  • 1816 US troops destroy Fort Apalachicola, a Seminole fort, to punish Indians for harboring runaway slaves

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1830 Revolution breaks out in Paris, opposing laws of Charles X

King of France Charles X
King of France
Charles X
  • 1836 The ship the "Duke of York" arrives with the first colonists at Nepean Bay, Kangaroo Island, South Australia
  • 1837 US Mint opens in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 1839 Chartist riots break out in Birmingham, England
  • 1844 Fire destroys US mint at Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 1861 Battle of Mathias Point, Virginia - Rebel forces repel a Federal landing
  • 1861 Battle of St Augustine Springs, New Mexico Territory

  • 1861 Confederate troops occupy Fort Fillmore, New Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Union General George McClellan takes command from McDowell of Potomac Army

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • 1862 Hurricane hits Canton; about 40,000 die
  • 1862 Steamer "Golden Gate" burns and sinks off west coast of Mexico
  • 1864 Battle of Darbytown, Virginia (Deep Bottom, Newmarket Road) (Strawberry Plains)
  • 1865 Welsh settlers arrive at Chubut in Argentina.

Historic CommunicationLanding of the Atlantic Cable

1866 transatlantic telegraph cable successfully in second attempt comes ashore at Heart's Content, Newfoundland laid out by Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Great Eastern steamship (1,686 miles long)

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Landing of the Atlantic Cable of 1866, Heart's Content, Newfoundland
Landing of the Atlantic Cable of 1866, Heart's Content, Newfoundland
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  • 1880 Alexander P. Ashbourne patents a process for refining coconut oil
  • 1880 Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson is wounded, breaks out
  • 1884 The East Cleveland Street Railway Company begins the first U.S. commercial electric streetcar line in Cleveland, Ohio, on the Bentley-Knight system
  • 1888 Philip Pratt unveils 1st American electric tricycle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh shoots himself in Auvers-sur-Oise, dies of injuries 2 days later

  • 1891 Titus van Wyck succeeds M de Savornin Lohman as governor of Suriname
  • 1897 14.75" (37.5 cm) of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hr record)
  • 1897 Dutch government of Pierson/Goeman Borgesius resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 Orville Wright tests 1st US Army airplane, flying 1h12m40s

  • 1909 British ship SS Waratah is last seen en-route from Durban to Cape Town; 211 on board are missing and no trace of the ship ever found
  • 1914 Felix Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo with the Filipino government.
  • 1917 World War I: Allied troops reach the Yser Canal in the prelude to the Battle of Passchendaele
  • 1918 Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY

  • 1919 Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured)
  • 1920 Radio compass used for 1st time for aircraft navigation
  • 1921 2nd government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Frederick Banting and Charles Best isolate insulin at the University of Toronto

  • 1922 International Geographical Union forms in Brussels
  • 1928 AVRO, General Vereniging Radio Omroep, forms
  • 1929 Dike of Wieringermeerpolder finished
  • 1931 Chilean president Carlos Ibáñez forced out
  • 1931 Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebraska and South Dakota destroyed thousands of acres of crops
  • 1932 Paul Gorgoulov, assassin of French president Doumer, sentenced to death
  • 1934 French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms
  • 1935 Floods at Yangtzee Jiang and Hoangh, kill 200,000
  • 1937 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: GB 4 title streak ends as American Frank Parker beats Charles Hare 6-2, 6-4, 6-2 for an unbeatable 3-1 lead; ends 4-1
  • 1941 103°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in July
  • 1941 German army enters Ukraine
  • 1941 Japanese forces land in Indo-China
  • 1943 772 British bombers attack Hamburg
  • 1944 1st British jet fighter used in combat (Gloster Meteor)
  • 1944 Soviet Army frees Majdanek concentration camp
  • 1944 US troops occupy le Mesnil-Herman/Hill 183 Normandy

  • 1945 US Communist Party forms
  • 1948 Australia set 404 to win v England at Headingley
  • 1948 Otto Skorzeny escapes anti-nazi camp at Darmstadt
  • 1949 1st jet-propelled airline (De Havilland Comet) flies
  • 1950 US President Harry Truman promises aid to Taiwan

Agreement of InterestKorean War Ends

1953 North Korea and the United Nations sign armistice to stop fighting and divide Korea at the 38th parallel

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Signing of the armistice which ended the active fighting phase of the Korean War
Signing of the armistice which ended the active fighting phase of the Korean War
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  • 1953 Vatican disallows priest holiday work in factory
  • 1954 Armistice divides Vietnam into two countries
  • 1955 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation since WWII
  • 1955 Israeli passenger plane shot down above Bulgaria, 58 die
  • 1959 Abbas Ali Baig scores 112 for India v England on debut

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1960 US Vice-president Richard Nixon nominated for presidential candidate at Republican convention in Chicago

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1962 Mariner 2 launched to Venus; flyby mission

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Martin Luther King Jr. jailed in Albany, Georgia

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear Test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Fritz Von Erich beats Verne Gagne in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1963 General Amin al-Hafez becomes President of Syria
  • 1965 Pierre Harmel forms Belgium government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 President Lyndon B. Johnson signs a bill requiring cigarette makers to print health warnings on all cigarette packages about the effects of smoking

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1967 Arabs Federation premier Hoesein Al Bayoomi resigns
  • 1967 LBJ sets up commission to study cause of urban violence
  • 1967 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 Race Riot in Gary Indiana
  • 1970 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll

Birthdays in History

Person of interestLudovico Sforza

1452 Ludovico Sforza [il Moro], Italian duke of Milan (1494-1508) who commissioned The Last Supper, born in Vigevano (Modern day Lombardy), Italy (d. 1508)

Duke of Milan Ludovico Sforza
Duke of Milan
Ludovico Sforza
  • 1518 Elizabeth Talbot, Countess of Shrewsbury and builder of country houses, born in Derbyshire, England (d. 1608)
  • 1612 Murad IV, Sultan of Turkey (1623-40) who conquered Baghdad, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1640)
  • 1625 Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich, English soldier, admiral and patron to Samuel Pepys, born in Barnwell (d. 1672)
  • 1667 Jean Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1748)
  • 1733 Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer, born in Cockfield, County Durham, England (d. 1779)
  • 1740 Jeanne Baré, French explorer, born in Loire Valley, France (d. 1803)
  • 1752 Samuel Smith, American politician, Senator and Representative from Maryland, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (d. 1839)
  • 1768 Charlotte Corday, French revolutionary who murdered Jean-Paul Marat in a bath, born in Saint-Saturnin, France (d. 1793)
  • 1773 Jakob Aall, Norwegian journalist and statesman, born in Porsgrunn, Norway (d. 1844)
  • 1777 Thomas Campbell, Scottish poet (Hohenlinden, Battle of the Baltic), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1844)
  • 1784 Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1839)
  • 1801 George Biddell Airy, English mathematician and 7th Astronomer Royal, born in Alnwick, Northumberland, England (d. 1892)
  • 1812 Thomas Lanier Clingman, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Huntsville, North Carolina (d. 1897)
  • 1820 John Franklin Farnsworth, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Eaton, Canada (d. 1897)
  • 1833 Thomas George Bonney, English geologist, born in Rugeley, United Kingdom (d. 1923)
  • 1835 Giosuè Carducci, Italian writer and Nobel Prize Laureate 1906 regarded as the official national poet of modern Italy, born in Pietrasanta, Italy (d. 1907)
  • 1840 Ranald Slidell Mackenzie, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Westchester County, New York (d. 1889)
  • 1848 Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist, born in Buda, Hungary (d. 1919)
  • 1848 Friedrich Ernst Dorn, German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium, born in Guttstadt, Province of Prussia (now Warmia in Poland) (d. 1916)
  • 1849 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law), born in Manchester (d. 1898)
  • 1857 E. A. Wallis Budge, English orientalist and museum curator (British Museum), born in Bodmin, Cornwall, England (d. 1934)
  • 1857 José Celso Barbosa, Puerto Rican physician, sociologist and political leader, born in Bayamón, Puerto Rico (d. 1921)
  • 1870 Hilaire Belloc, Anglo-French author (Path to Rome), born in La Celle-Saint-Cloud, Seine-et-Oise, France (d. 1953)
  • 1870 Henry Lincoln "Linc" Johnson, American attorney and politician, remembered as one of the most prominent early 20th century African-American Republicans, born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1925)
  • 1879 Francesco Gaeta, Italian poet (Il Libro Della Giovinezza), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1927)

Person of interestHans Fischer

1881 Hans Fischer, German organic chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1930), born in Hoechst, Germany (d. 1945)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • 1882 Geoffrey de Havilland, British aircraft designer, born in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1965)
  • 1886 Ernst May, German architect and city planner (New Frankfurt), born in Frankfurt am Main (d. 1970)
  • 1894 Gerald F. Bogan, U.S. Navy aviator and vice admiral who served in World War I & II, born in Mackinac Island, Michigan (d. 1973)
  • 1896 Henri Longchambon, French politician, born in Clermont-Ferrand, Puy-de-Dôme, France (d. 1969)
  • 1898 Queen Mother Moore, African-American civil rights activist and humanitarian, born in New Iberia, Louisiana (d. 1997)
  • 1900 Charles Vidor, Hungarian director (Rhapsody, Gilda, Cover Girl), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1959)
  • 1903 Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek politician and 1st President of Greece, born in Kalamata, Kingdom of Greece (d. 2002)
  • 1904 Kenneth Bainbridge, American physicist (measurements of mass differences between nuclear isotopes), born in Cooperstown, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Herbert Jasper, Canadian physiologist and neurologist, born in La Grande, Oregon (d. 1999)
  • 1906 Jerzy Giedroyc, Polish writer and political activist, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 2000)
  • 1907 Denis Rickett, British civil servant and private secretary to Clement Attlee, born in Hawthorns, Overton Road, Sutton, Surrey (d. 1997)
  • 1908 Hugh Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Putney, British MP of Arts (Labour), born in Enfield, Middlesex (d. 2004)
  • 1910 Julien Gracq [Louis Poirier], French writer (Andre Breton), born in Saint-Florent-le-Vieil, Maine-et-Loire, France (d. 2007)
  • 1911 Wilfrid Oulton, British Royal Air Force officer, born in Monks Coppenhall, Cheshire (d. 1997)
  • 1911 Rayner Heppenstall, English novelist (The Blaze of Noon), born in Lockwood, Huddersfield, Yorkshire (d. 1981)
  • 1912 Hilde Domin [Hilde Palm], German writer and poet, born in Cologne (d. 2006)
  • 1913 Eva Jones, German poet and novelist (Taboo), born in Berlin (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Mary Green, headmistress (Kidbrooke School), born in Wellingborough, Northamptonshire (d. 2004)
  • 1913 Vittorio Sereni, Italian poet (Diario d'Algeria), born in Luino, Italy (d. 1983)
  • 1913 George L. Street III, American Navy Submariner and Medal of Honor recipient, born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 2000)
  • 1916 Amha Selassie, Crown prince of Ethiopia and son of emperor Haile Selassi, born in Harar, Ethiopian Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1917 John Cunningham, British Royal Air Force night fighter ace (WW II), born in Croydon, Surrey, England (d. 2002)
  • 1917 Robert Cowans, executive director (British Aerospace)
  • 1917 Isabelle Kelley, American social worker credited with instigating the US Federal Food Stamp Program, born in Ellington, Connecticut (d. 1997)
  • 1920 James Munn, Scottish educationalist and commissioner (British University) (d. 2009)
  • 1923 Masutatsu Oyama, Founder of Japanese Kyokushin Karate, born in Gimje, Jeollabuk-do, Japanese Korea (d. 1994)
  • 1926 Peter Coker, English painter, born in London (d. 2004)
  • 1927 Sat Mahajan, Indian politician (Rural Development Minister), born in Nurpur, Kangra District (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Allen Breed, American inventor of the first automotive airbag sensor, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1999)
  • 1927 Gisele Halimi, Tunisian-French lawyer, feminist and author, born in Tunis, French Tunisia (d. 2020)
  • 1929 Jack Higgins [Harry Patterson], British novelist (The Eagle Has Landed), born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England
  • 1930 Ronald Dearing, British civil servant and chairman (British Post Office), born in Kingston upon Hull, England
  • 1930 Shirley Williams, British politician (Social Democratic Party), born in London
  • 1931 Khieu Samphan, Cambodian communist politician, born in Rumduol, Svay Rieng, French Protectorate of Cambodia
  • 1932 Beverly Byron, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1932 Curnick Muzuvukile Ndlovu, South Africian worker's union leader, and African National Congress Leader, born in Matatiele, South Africa (d. 2002)
  • 1932 Robert Cowan, CEO (Highlands & Islands Enterprises), born in Edinburgh (d.1993)
  • 1933 Ted Whitten, Australian rules footballer, born in Footscray, Australia (d. 1995)
  • 1934 John Pardoe, British businessman and CEO (Sight & Sound Education) and Liberal Party politician
  • 1936 J. Robert Hooper, American politician, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2008)
  • 1937 Anna Dawson, British comedienne (Violet-Keeping Up Appearances), born in Bolton, Lancashire
  • 1937 Robert Gibb, British zoo and theme park creator (Flamingo Land; Pleasure Island), born in England
  • 1938 Gary Gygax, American role-playing games creator (Dungeons & Dragons) and fantasy author, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • 1939 James McGee, British pathologist and professor (Morbid Anatomy at Oxford), born in Mossend, Lanarkshire, Scotland
  • 1946 Toktar Ongarbajewitch Aubakirov, Kazakhstan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-13)
  • 1947 Wayne Dowdy, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Mississippi), born in Fitzgerald, Georgia
  • 1953 Wim van de Camp, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (CDA), born in Oss, Netherlands
  • 1954 G. S. Bali, Indian politician, born in Kangra, India
  • 1955 Cat Bauer, American novelist (Harley, Like a Person), born in Greenville, South Carolina
  • 1957 Hansi Muller, German footballer, born in Stuttgart
  • 1960 Reinaldo de Carvalho, carnival King (d. 1995)
  • 1961 Daniel C. Burbank, American astronaut, born in Manchester, Connecticut
  • 1976 Demis Hassabis, British Artificial Intelligence researcher, computer game designer, and neuroscientist, born in London, England
  • 1977 Foo Swee Chin, Singaporean comic book artist (A Lost Stock of Children), born in Singapore
  • 1979 Marielle Franco, Brazilian politician and human rights activist, born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 2018)
  • 1986 Ryan Griffen, Australian rules footballer, born in Goolwa, South Australia
  • 1994 Princess Mafalda-Ceceilia of Bulgaria

Weddings in History

  • 1365 Isabella of England marries Enguerrand of Coucy at Windsor

LoveWedding of Interest

1857 Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I (25) weds princess Charlotte of Belgium (17) in Brussels

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I

LoveWedding of Interest

1927 British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery (39) weds Elizabeth Carver in Chiswick, England

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1981 British television: On Coronation Street, Ken Barlow marries Deirdre Langton, proving to be a national event with massive viewer numbers

Deaths in History

  • 82 St Joseph of Arimathea, dies
  • 432 Celestine I, Italian Pope (422-32), dies
  • 916 Kliment/Clemens van Ohrid, Bulgaria bishop of Ohrid/saint, dies
  • 1101 Conrad II, King of Germany and Italy (b. 1074)
  • 1128 Willem van Normandia, earl of Flanders, dies in battle
  • 1214 Eustaes van Machelen, Flemish knight, dies in battle
  • 1214 Stefan van Longchamp, French knight, dies in battle
  • 1227 Otto II van Lippe, bishop of Utrecht (1216-27), dies
  • 1233 Ferrand of Portugal, earl of Flanders, dies at 45
  • 1276 King James I of Aragon (b. 1208)
  • 1365 Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria (1358-65), dies at 25
  • 1498 Vespasiano da' Bisticci, Italian book seller/writer, dies at about 77
  • 1638 Johan VIII de Jongere, count of Nassau-Siegen, dies in battle at 54
  • 1656 Salomo Glassius, German theologian (b. 1593)
  • 1675 Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Marshal of France, dies at 63
  • 1689 John Graham, of Claverhouse, 1st viscount Dundee/soldier, fatally wounded at the Battle of Killiecrankie at 41
  • 1759 Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, French mathematician and astronomer (Système de la nature), dies at 60
  • 1770 Robert Dinwiddie, British colonial governor of Virginia (b. 1693)
  • 1811 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, father of Mexican independence, executed at 58
  • 1833 Bartolommea Capitanio, Italian monastery founder/saint, dies at 26
  • 1833 William Bainbridge, American naval officer, dies at 59
  • 1841 Mikhail Lermontov, Russian poet and writer (Demon & other poems), dies at 26

Person of interestJohn Dalton

1844 John Dalton, English physicist and chemist who developed the atomic theory of matter and researched colour blindness, dies at 77

Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist John Dalton
Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist
John Dalton
  • 1863 William Lowndes Yancey, American Confederate leader (b. 1813)
  • 1864 Margaret E Breckinridge, US nurse/daughter of VP John, dies
  • 1864 John Putnam Chapin, American politician (10th Mayor of Chicago (1846-47), dies at 54
  • 1876 Walter Channing, American physician who was the first to use anesthesia during childbirth, dies at 90
  • 1883 Montgomery Blair, American lawyer (Dred Scott v. Sandford), dies at 70
  • 1905 Robert Bullock, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 76
  • 1907 Edward Pettus, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 86
  • 1916 Charles Fryatt, British capt of SS Brussels, executed by Germans, dies
  • 1917 Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss surgeon, Thyroid specialist (Nobel 1909), dies at 75
  • 1929 Raoul Pictet, Swiss physicist who invented liquid nitrogen and was a pioneer of cryogenics, dies at 83
  • 1931 Auguste-Henri Forel, Swiss entomologist (b. 1848)
  • 1933 James E. Talmage, English religious leader (LDS Church apostle), dies at 70
  • 1934 Louis HG Lyautey, French minister of Defense (1916-17), dies at 79
  • 1941 Alfred Henry O'Keeffe, New Zealand artist, dies at 83
  • 1942 William Matthew Finders Petrie, Egyptologist, dies
  • 1946 Gertrude Stein, US/Fren author/poet (Ida, Tender Buttons), dies at 72
  • 1958 Claire Chennault, American military leader, dies at 64
  • 1962 Edward Godfrey Richard Aldington, novelist/biographer, dies
  • 1962 Richard Adlington, writer, dies at 70
  • 1962 James H. "Dutch" Kindelberger, American aerospace pioneer (b. 1895)
  • 1962 Conrad Elvehjem, American biochemist and nutrition scientist (discovered niacin), dies at 61
  • 1963 Garrett Morgan, American inventor (gas mask and traffic signal), dies at 86
  • 1965 Henri Daniel-Rops, French writer and historian (b. 1901)
  • 1968 Anton van Duinkerken [Willem J M A Asselbergs], literary, dies
  • 1970 António de Oliveira Salazar, Dictator of Portugal (1932-68) who founded and controlled the Estado Novo (New State), dies from a cerebral hemorrhage at 81
  • 1972 Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi, Austrian-Japanese politician, dies at 77
  • 1976 Ray Brennan, retired US Air Force captain, American Legion bookkeeper and the 1st American to die of "Legionnaire's Disease", dies of an apparent heart attack at 61
  • 1977 Jacob Marschak, Ukrainian-American economist (econometrics), dies at 79

Person of interestMohammad Reza Pahlavi

1980 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, last Shah of Iran (Persia) (1941-79), dies in Cairo of splenomegaly at 60

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • 1984 Oswald Jacoby, US contract bridge champion, dies at 81
  • 1984 Guillermo Díaz-Plaja, Spanish literary and poet (Lorca), dies at 75
  • 1988 Frank Zamboni, American inventor (b. 1901)
  • 1990 Kim Thomas-Friedland, news anchor (FNN), dies at 32
  • 1990 Salim Ali, Indian Ornithologist (Birdman of India), dies at 90
  • 1992 Max Dupain, Australian photographer ("Sunbaker"), dies at 81
  • 1994 H Minderop, founder/chairman (TROS-radio/TV), dies
  • 1994 Rosa Chacel, Spanish author, dies at 96
  • 1994 Kevin Carter, a South African photojournalist and Pulitzer Prize winner & member of the Bang-Bang Club, suicide at 33
  • 1995 Charles Hugh Shirley, publisher, dies at 56
  • 1996 Ivan V. Lalić, Serbian poet, dies at 65
  • 1996 Jane Beverly Drew, English modernist architect, dies at 85
  • 1996 Peter James Frederick Green, CEO (LLoyd's of London), dies at 71
  • 1999 Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician, physicist, philosopher, and mountaineer, dies at 86
  • 2003 Vance Hartke, American politician (b. 1919)
  • 2005 Swami Shantanand, Mahasamadhi Day, Indian Saint, Philosopher (b. 1934)
  • 2005 Al Held, American painter and sculptor (hard edge-style), dies at 76
  • 2006 Maryann Mahaffey, American politician (b. 1925)
  • 2007 Roland Gaucher, French journalist, dies at 88
  • 2008 Isaac Saba Raffoul, Mexican Businessman (b. 1923)
  • 2008 Julius B. Richmond, 12th US Surgeon General (1977-81) created Head Start program, dies at 91
  • 2011 Bejaratana Rajasuda, Princess of Thailand (b. 1925)
  • 2011 Richard Rutt, English bishop of Leicester, dies at 85
  • 2011 Ágota Kristóf, Hungarian writer (The Notebook), dies at 75
  • 2013 Lindy Boggs [Marie Corinne Morrison Claiborne Boggs], American political administrator, dies from natural causes at 97
  • 2015 A. P. J. [Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen] Abdul Kalam, Indian scientist and politician, 11th President of India (2002-07), dies at 83
  • 2016 James Alan MacPherson, American writer, 1st black writer to win Pulitzer Prize, dies at 72
  • 2018 Vladimir Voinovich, Russian writer and dissident (Moscow 2042), dies of a heart attack at 85