On This Day

On This Day in History for July 28

Events in History

  • 388 Battle at Aquileja: Emperor Theodosius beats emperor Magnus Maximis
  • 754 Pope Stephen II, [III] makes Pippin de Korte, King of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1148 Second Crusade: Crusaders abandon their siege of Damascus

Queen of France and England and Duchess of Aquitaine Eleanor of Aquitaine
Queen of France and England and Duchess of Aquitaine
Eleanor of Aquitaine
  • 1330 Battle of Velbuzd: Serbian forces defeats Bulgarian army
  • 1434 Navigator Gil Eanes leaves Cape Bojador for Lisbon
  • 1579 Cardinal Granvelle returns to Madrid
  • 1586 Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe on return to England
  • 1609 Admiral George Somers settles in Bermuda
  • 1635 Spanish marshal Piccolomini conquers Schenkenschans
  • 1696 De Croissy succeeds Le Plectia as French minister of Finance
  • 1708 Monarch Amengkurat II [Sunan Mas] of Mataram gives himself up to VOC
  • 1717 Prussian king Frederik Willhelm I gives compulsory education to 5-12 yrs
  • 1741 Captain Vitus Bering discovers Mount St Elias, Alaska

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1742 Maria Theresa of Austria and Prussian King Frederick the Great sign a peace treaty in Berlin

King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1790 Henry James Pye appointed as British Poet Laureate by King George III

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1794 French Revolutionary figure Maximilien Robespierre and 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Maximilien Robespierre
  • 1808 Mahmud II succeeds Mustafa IV as sultan of Turkey
  • 1821 Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 1849 Memmon is first clipper to reach San Francisco, 120 days out of NY
  • 1851 Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph
  • 1858 First use of fingerprints as a means of identification is made by Sir William James Herschel of the Indian Civil Service
  • 1858 French photographer and balloonist Nadar takes the 1st airborne photo, in a balloon, of French village of Petit-Becetre 80 meters in the air
  • 1862 Confederate forces defeated at More's Hill, Missouri
  • 1864 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia

BattleBattle of Interest

1864 Battle of Atlanta, Georgia (Ezra Church) - second sortie US700 CS4642

Railroad Engineer and Union General Grenville M. Dodge
Railroad Engineer and Union General
Grenville M. Dodge
  • 1866 Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 US Secretary of State William H. Seward announces 14th Amendment ratified by states, grants citizenship to ex-slaves

US Secretary of State William H. Seward
US Secretary of State
William H. Seward
  • 1883 Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroy 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 British government led by Lord Salisbury forms

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1893 A petition organised by Kate Sheppard, demanding women's suffrage, is delivered to New Zealand's parliament; signed by over 25,000 women, a 5th of the adult European female population

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Kate Sheppard
  • 1896 City of Miami incorporated
  • 1898 Spanish troops in Ponce, Puerto Rico, surrender
  • 1900 Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
  • 1904 Rafael Reyes becomes dictator of Colombia after losing Panama
  • 1904 Interior Minister of Russia, Vyacheslav Plehve is assassinated; as leader of the most reactionary elements of government, he was hated for his repressive policies
  • 1911 96°F (35.6°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill orders British Grand Fleet to Scapa Flow

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1914 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 Because of virtual anarchy, US Marines go ashore in Haiti on orders from President Woodrow Wilson; this will lead to an occupation that will last until 1934

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Silent Parade organised by James Weldon Johnson of 10,000 African-Americans who march on 5th Ave in NYC to protest against lynching

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • 1919 Vrije Vakbewegings Internationale (VVI) forms in Amsterdam
  • 1926 US & Panamanian pact about safeguard of Panama Canal
  • 1930 114°F (46°C), Greensburg, Kentucky (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Mob hitman Mad Dog Coll allegedly participates in a kidnapping attempt that results in the shooting death of a child, which earns him the nickname "Mad Dog"

Mob Hitman Mad Dog Coll
Mob Hitman
Mad Dog Coll

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 US President Herbert Hoover uses federal troops to evict the Bonus Army (WWI veterans and their families) from their encampment, 4 die

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1933 1st singing telegram delivered (to Rudy Vallee), NYC
  • 1933 Spain recognizes the USSR
  • 1934 118°F (48°C), Orofino, Idaho (state record)
  • 1937 Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
  • 1937 Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
  • 1938 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
  • 1939 5th Dutch government of Colijn falls
  • 1940 Radio Orange begins broadcasting from London
  • 1942 Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Belorussia Ghetto
  • 1942 Zionists partisans ZOB forms in Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 US President FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943 Operation Gomorrah: RAF bombing over Hamburg causes a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Adolf Hitler routes 4 division of South France to Normandy

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1944 US 8th Army corp occupies Coutances France
  • 1945 Japanese premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender
  • 1945 US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die

United NationsUnited Nations Charter

1945 US Senate ratifies United Nations charter 89-2

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Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
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JapanNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

1945 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9

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Mushroom cloud over Nagasaki
Mushroom cloud over Nagasaki
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  • 1945 "Elevator girl" Betty Lou Oliver survives falling 75 stories after fog causes a US bomber plane to crash into the Empire State Building, breaking the cables supporting the elevator she was operating. This remains a world record for the longest survived elevator fall
  • 1947 Iuliu Maniu's Farmers' Party is banned in Romania
  • 1948 I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die
  • 1948 London's Metropolitan Police Flying Squad foils a bullion robbery in the "Battle of London Airport".
  • 1954 Ernest Bloch's 4th string quartet premieres
  • 1955 The Union Mundial pro Interlingua is founded at the first Interlingua congress in Tours, France.
  • 1957 Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, western Kyūshū, Japan, kill 992
  • 1959 United Kingdom starts using postal codes
  • 1959 Hawaii's 1st US election sends 1st Asian-Americans to Congress

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1960 US Republican National convention selects Richard Nixon as candidate

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1962 19 die in a train crash in Steelton, Pennsylvania
  • 1962 Mariner I launched to Mars falls into Atlantic Ocean
  • 1964 England all out 611 in reply to Australia's 8-656 Match a draw
  • 1964 Ranger 7 launched toward the Moon; sends back 4308 TV pictures

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 LBJ sends 50,000 more soldiers to Vietnam (total of 125,000)

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1967 Pirate Radio Station 390 (Radio Invicta) (England) closes down
  • 1971 16 time gold glover Brook Robinson commits 3 errors in 6th inning
  • 1973 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1973 Skylab 3's astronauts (Bean, Garriott & Lousma) launched
  • 1974 69 die when packed bus strikes heavy truck in Belem, Brazil
  • 1976 Tangshan Earthquake, 8.2 in magnitude kills over 240,000 Northern China in the largest loss of life from an earthquake in the 20th century
  • 1976 Eldon Joersz & Geo Morgan set world air speed record of 3,530 kph
  • 1977 1st oil through the TransAlaska Pipeline System reach Valdez, Alaska
  • 1977 Roy Wilkins turn over NAACP leadership to Benjamin Hooks
  • 1978 Price of gold tops $200-an-oz level for 1st time
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 France performs nuclear Test
  • 1980 Peru adopts constitution, Fernando Belaúnde Terry becomes president
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1983 NASA launches Telstar-3A
  • 1985 Alan Garcia sworn in as President of Peru
  • 1986 Bomb attack in East Beirut, 25 killed
  • 1986 NASA releases transcript from doomed Challenger, pilot Michael Smith could be heard saying, "Uh-oh!" as spacecraft disintegrated
  • 1988 IBM announces price hike on older models
  • 1988 Israeli diplomats arrive in Moscow for 1st visit in 21 years
  • 1988 Jordan cancels $1.3 billion development plan in West Bank

Birthdays in History

  • 1165 Ibn al-'Arabi, Muslim mystic and philosopher (The Meccan Revelations), born in Murcia, Spain (d. 1240)
  • 1347 Margherita of Durazzo, queen of Naples (d. 1412)
  • 1456 Jacopo Sannazaro, Italian poet (Arcadia), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1530)
  • 1514 Maximilian of Burgundy, viceroy of Holland
  • 1609 Judith Leyster, Dutch painter, born in Haarlem, the Netherlands, baptism date (d. 1660)
  • 1659 Charles Ancillon, French Huguenot pastor (d. 1715)
  • 1745 Peter Ludwig von der Pahlen, Baltic German courtier and military governor of St Petersburg, born in Palmse, Estonia (d. 1826)
  • 1746 Thomas Heyward, signed US Declaration of Independence, born in St. Luke's Parish, South Carolina (d. 1809)
  • 1750 Fabre d'Églantine French dramatist and politician, creator of the French Republican calendar (d. 1794)
  • 1778 Charles Stewart, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1869)
  • 1804 Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man is what he eats)
  • 1809 Ormsby McKnight Mitchel, American astronomer and Union Major General, born in Union County, Kentucky (d. 1862)
  • 1815 Stefan Dunjov, Banat Bulgarian military figure (d. 1889)
  • 1825 William Duncan Smith, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1862)
  • 1833 James Henry Lane, Brigadier General during Civil War (Confederate), born in Mathews Court House, Virginia (d. 1907)
  • 1844 Gerard Manley Hopkins, English poet (Windhover), born in Stratford, London (d. 1889)
  • 1857 Ballington Booth, British-born American officer in The Salvation Army and co-founder of Volunteers of America, born in Brighouse, England (d. 1940)
  • 1860 Elias M. Ammons, governor of Colorado, born in Macon County, North Carolina (d. 1925)
  • 1860 Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia, born in Peterhof Palace, Empire of Russia (d. 1922)
  • 1863 Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski, Russian general (d. 1919)

Person of interestBeatrix Potter

1866 Beatrix Potter, English children's author and illustrator (The Tale of Peter Rabbit), born in London (d. 1943)

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • 1867 Charles Dillon Perrine, American-born astronomer working in Argentina, born in Steubenville, Ohio (d. 1951)
  • 1868 George Morren, Flemish painter and sculptor, born in Antwerp (d. 1941)
  • 1868 Thomas P. Krag, Norwegian author and novelist (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran), born in Kragerø, Norway (d. 1913)
  • 1870 Henri Jaspar, 27th Prime Minister of Belgium (1927-31), born in Schaerbeek, Belgium (d. 1939)
  • 1872 Albert Sarraut, French Radical politician, Prime Minister of France (1933 and 36), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1962)
  • 1874 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher and educator (Essay on Man), born in Silesia, Prussia (d. 1945)

Person of interestLucy Burns

1879 Lucy Burns, American suffragist (National Woman's Party) and women's rights advocate, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1966)

Suffragist Lucy Burns
Lucy Burns

Person of interestMarcel Duchamp

1887 Marcel Duchamp, French sculptor and painter (Nude Descending a Staircase), born in Blainville-Crevon, France (d. 1968)

Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
  • 1898 Charles William Mayo, American surgeon (Mayo Clinic), born in Rochester, Minnesota (d. 1968)

Person of interestKarl Popper

1902 Karl Popper, Austro-British philosopher (Logic of Forschung), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1994)

Philosopher and Professor Karl Popper
Philosopher and Professor
Karl Popper
  • 1902 Kenneth F. Fearing, American poet (Dead Reckoning), born in Oak Park, Illinois (d. 1961)
  • 1904 Selwyn Lloyd, British politician involved in Suez crisis, born in West Kirby, England (d. 1978)
  • 1907 Earl Tupper, American-born Costa Rican inventor and businessman (Tupperware), born in Berlin, New Hampshire (d. 1983)
  • 1909 Malcolm Lowry, English novelist (Under the Volcano), born in New Brighton, England (d. 1957)
  • 1910 Bill Goodwin, announcer (Jolson Story, Burns & Allen), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1910 Clive Caldwell, Australian fighter pilot who shot down 28.5 aircraft during WWII, born in Lewisham, Australia (d. 1994)
  • 1915 Charles Hard Townes, American Physicist and inventor (Nobel Prize 1964 for mazer-lazer principle), born in Greenville, South Carolina (d. 2015)
  • 1922 Jacques Piccard, Swiss undersea explorer (bathyscaph Trieste)
  • 1923 Kent L Lee, US vice-admiral (WW II-Marianas/Palau)
  • 1923 Mary Jane Odell, American politician and journalist, Iowa Secretary of State, born in Algona, Iowa (d. 2010)
  • 1923 Michio Watanabe, Japanese politician, Deputy Prime Minister, born in Ōtawara, Japan (d. 1995)
  • 1924 Peter James Frederick Green, CEO (LLoyd's of London)
  • 1925 Bruce Matthews, Australian newspaper executive who worked for Rupert Murdoch, born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 1996) [1]
  • 1925 Baruch Samuel Blumberg, American scientist, (1976 Nobel laureate for Physiology or Medicine for work on Hepatitis B), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2011)
  • 1927 John Ashbery, American poet (Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror), born in Rochester, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1928 Anne Braden, American civil rights activist, journalist, and educator, born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 2006)

Person of interestJacqueline Kennedy Onassis

1929 Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, American First Lady (1961-63), born in Southampton, New York (d. 1994)

  • 1929 Remco [Wouter] Campert, Dutch writer, poet, son of Jan Campert
  • 1930 Jean Roba, Belgian comics author (Boule et Bill), born in Schaerbeek, Belgium (d. 2006)
  • 1932 Natalie Babbitt, American children's writer (Tuck Everlasting), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 2016)
  • 1934 Norman D Shumway, American politician (Rep-R-California, 1979-91), born in Phoeniz, Arizona
  • 1938 Robert Hughes, Australian art critic and writer (Barcelona), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2012)

Person of interestAlberto Fujimori

1938 Alberto Fujimori, President of Peru (1990-2000), born in Lima, Peru

President of Peru Alberto Fujimori
President of Peru
Alberto Fujimori

Person of interestJim Davis

1945 Jim Davis, American cartoonist and creator of the comic strips "Garfield" and "U.S. Acres", born in Marion, Indiana

Garfield Cartoonist Jim Davis
Garfield Cartoonist
Jim Davis
  • 1946 Douglas H Bosco, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1983-91), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1946 Fahmida Riaz, Pakistani writer and feminist, born in Meerut, India
  • 1947 Alexei Sergeyevich Borodai, Russian colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1948 Sergei Bodrov, Russian director (Katala, Somebody to Love), born in Khabarovsk, Russia
  • 1950 Shahyar Ghanbari, Iranian poet
  • 1951 Anthony A. Williams, American politician, Mayor of the District of Columbia (1999-2007), born in Los Angeles County, California
  • 1951 Santiago Calatrava, Spanish architect (Milwaukee Art Museum), born in Valencia, Spain
  • 1952 Maha Vajiralongkorn [Bodindradebayavarangkun], King of Thailand (2016 - Present), born in Bangkok, Thailand
  • 1952 Yoshitaka Amano, Japanese artist (Final Fantasy), born in Shizuoka city, Japan

Person of interestHugo Chávez

1954 Hugo Chávez, President of Venezuela (1998-2013), born in Sabaneta, Barinas State, Venezuela (d. 2013)

President of Venezuela Hugo Chávez
President of Venezuela
Hugo Chávez
  • 1954 Gerd Faltings, German mathematician, born in Buer, Gelsenkirchen, Germany
  • 1960 Yōichi Takahashi, Japanese mangaka of Captain Tsubasa and Hungry Heart Wild Striker
  • 1960 Jonathan Gold, American food critic who was the first in his field to win a Pulitzer Prize, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2018)
  • 1961 Scott E Parazynski, American astronaut (STS 66, 86, sk:95), born in Little Rock, Arkansas
  • 1966 Liz Cheney, American politician (Rep-R-WY 2017-), daughter of Dick Cheney, born in Madison, Wisconsin
  • 1969 Alexis Arquette, American transgender performer (Last Exit to Brooklyn), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2016)

Person of interestAbu Bakr al-Baghdadi

1971 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, Leader of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), born in Samarra, Iraq (d. 2019)

Leader of Islamic State Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Leader of Islamic State
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi

Person of interestAlexis Tsipras

1974 Alexis Tsipras, Greek politician (Greek President 2015), born in Athens, Greece

Prime Minister of Greece Alexis Tsipras
Prime Minister of Greece
Alexis Tsipras
  • 1976 Huma Abedin, American political staffer to Hillary Clinton, born in Kalamazoo, Michigan

Person of interestJuan Guaidó

1983 Juan Guaidó, Venezuelan politician recognized by 54 countries as the President of Venezuela but disputed with Nicolás Maduro, born in La Guaira, Vargas

Venezuelan Politician Juan Guaidó
Venezuelan Politician
Juan Guaidó

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1540 English King Henry VIII (49) marries Catherine Howard (16 or 17), his 5th wife

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

LoveWedding of Interest

1683 Anne Stuart, later the British Queen Anne, marries Prince George of Denmark at the Chapel Royal

Queen of England Anne Stuart
Queen of England
Anne Stuart

LoveWedding of Interest

1727 Philosopher Jonathan Edwards (23) weds Sarah Pierpont

Christian Preacher and Philosopher Jonathan Edwards
Christian Preacher and Philosopher
Jonathan Edwards

LoveWedding of Interest

1847 Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (32) weds noblewoman Johanna von Puttkamer (23) in Kolczyglowy, Poland

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck

LoveWedding of Interest

1906 Future dictator of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin (27) weds Ekaterina Svanidze (21) at St. David's Church in Tiflis (now Tbilisi, Georgia)

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

LoveWedding of Interest

1983 Russian president Vladimir Putin (30) weds flight attendant Lyudmila Shkrebneva (25)

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin
  • 1997 Two-time Grammy Award winner Sheena Easton (38) weds documentary director Timothy Delarm (35) in Las Vegas

Deaths in History

  • 450 Theodosius II, the Younger, Eastern Roman emperor (408-450), dies after a riding accident at 49
  • 1057 Victor II [Gebhard], Pope (1055-57), dies
  • 1101 Su Tung-p'o, Chinese poet, essayist, painter and calligrapher, dies at 64
  • 1128 William Clito, Count of Flanders (1127-28), dies at 25
  • 1230 Duke Leopold VI of Austria (b. 1176)
  • 1285 Queen Keran of Armenia, consort of Leo III of Armenia
  • 1330 Michael Shishman of Bulgaria [Michael III], Tsar of Bulgaria (1323-30), dies in the Battle of Velbuzd
  • 1527 Rodrigo de Bastidas, Spanish conquistador (founded city of Santa Marta), murdered by some of his men

BattleThomas Cromwell

1540 Thomas Cromwell, English chief minister for King Henry VIII, executed for treason and heresy at 54 or 55

Lawyer and Statesman Thomas Cromwell
Lawyer and Statesman
Thomas Cromwell
  • 1631 Guillén de Castro y Bellvis, Spanish dramatist (b. 1569)
  • 1655 Cyrano de Bergerac, French dramatist/novelist, dies at 36 in Paris
  • 1655 Suzuki Shosan, Samurai/monk/propagator of Zen Buddhism, dies at 76
  • 1667 Abraham Cowley, English poet (Mistress/Sex libri plantarum), dies
  • 1675 Bulstrode Whitelocke, English lawyer (b. 1605)
  • 1685 Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington, English statesman (b. 1618)
  • 1711 Gerard Lairesse, Dutch painter, buried at 69
  • 1718 Etienne Baluze, French scholar (b. 1630)
  • 1723 Mariana Alcoforado, Portuguese nun, dies at 63
  • 1746 John Peter Zenger, German born journalist and printer working in New York, involved in 1st amendment fight, dies at 48
  • 1762 George Dodington, 1st Baron Melcombe, English politician (b. 1691)
  • 1794 Georges Couthon, French politician, beheaded at 39

BattleMaximilien Robespierre

1794 Maximilien Robespierre, French revolutionary (President of the National Convention, Member of Committee of Public Safety), executed by guillotine at 36

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Maximilien Robespierre
  • 1811 Heinrich J von Collin, Austria dramatist/poet (Coriolan), dies
  • 1818 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (b. 1746)
  • 1835 Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French marshal (b. 1768)
  • 1842 Clemens Brentano, German poet and author (The Story of the Just Casper and Fair Annie), dies at 63
  • 1844 Joseph Bonaparte, older brother of Napoleon I and King of Naples and Spain, dies at 76
  • 1849 Charles Albert, King of Sardinia (1831-49), dies at 50
  • 1863 James Deshler, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 30
  • 1864 Samuel Benton, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at about 44
  • 1869 Carl Gustav Carus, German psychologist, philosopher and painter, dies at 80
  • 1869 Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Czech anatomist (b. 1787)
  • 1872 Friedrich Kaiser, Dutch astronomer (Kaiser-Compass), dies at 64
  • 1878 George Law Curry, American newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon, dies at 58
  • 1895 Jan Kappeyne van de Coppello, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1877-79), dies at 72
  • 1895 Edward Beecher, American theologian, dies at 91
  • 1899 Antonio Guzmán Blanco, Military leader, diplomat and politician, President of Venezuela (1870-77, 1879-84, 1886-87), dies at 70
  • 1904 Vyacheslav von Plehve, Russian Minister of the Interior, killed by Jewish revolutionaries after a bomb is thrown at his carriage, dies at 58
  • 1907 James Henry Lane, US Brigadier General during Civil War (Confederate) and professor, dies at 74
  • 1915 Vilbrun Guillaume Sam, Haitian rebellion leader, President of Haiti (1915), lynched by a mob at 56
  • 1930 Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish physician (Nobel Prize 1911), dies at 68
  • 1937 Joseph Lee, American Father of Playgrounds movement, dies at 88
  • 1939 William James Mayo, American surgeon and co-founder (Mayo Clinic in Minnesota), dies at 78
  • 1942 Flinders Petrie, English Egyptologist (Merneptah Stele, measured the pyramids), dies at 89
  • 1957 Edith Abbott, American social worker and educator (University of Chicago Social Sciences), dies at 80
  • 1960 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola), dies at 60
  • 1965 Edogawa Ranpo, Japanese author (boy detectives club books), dies at 70
  • 1967 Karl W. Richter, American Air Force pilot during Vietnam War (youngest to shoot down a MiG), shot down at 24
  • 1968 Charles William Mayo, American surgeon (Mayo Clinic), dies in a car accident at 70
  • 1968 Otto Hahn, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1944, radiothorium/actinium), dies at 89
  • 1969 Ramón Grau, Cuban politician, 6th and 10th President of Cuba, dies at 87
  • 1971 Charles E. Pont, American artist, dies at 73
  • 1972 Charu Majumdar, Indian revolutionary leader, dies in custody at 53
  • 1976 Jacob Soetendorp, Dutch rabbi, dies at 62
  • 1981 Fr. Stanley Rother, American Roman Catholic priest, martyr and missionary to Guatemala, murdered at 46
  • 1986 Charles Aubroeck, Belgian painter and sculptor (Iron Tower), dies at 91
  • 1987 James Burnham, philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism), dies at 81
  • 1990 Armando Frid, of Argentina (Born May 24, 1866 Guin rec), dies at 124
  • 1990 Bruno Kreisky, Austrian politician (Chancellor, 1970-83; Foreign Minister, 1959-66), dies at 79
  • 1994 Bernard Delfont, Rus/British impresario (Thorn EMI), dies at 84
  • 1994 Colin Turnbull, anthropologist, dies at 69
  • 1994 Selwyn Powell, art Editor, dies at 82
  • 1996 Mickey Fenn, docker/socialist, dies at 58
  • 1996 Roger Tory Peterson, American ornithologist and writer (How to Know Birds), dies at 87
  • 1997 Seni Pramoj, Prime Minister of Thailand (1945-46, 75, 76), dies
  • 1998 Lenny McLean, English bareknuckle fighter (b. 1949)
  • 1998 Zbigniew Herbert, Polish poet and writer, dies at 73
  • 1999 Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist and 1989 Nobel laureate for his contributions to econometrics, dies at 87
  • 2000 Abraham Pais, Dutch-born American physicist and historian (b. 1918)
  • 2003 Lady Valerie Goulding, Irish politician and activist (b. 1918)

Person of interestFrancis Crick

2004 Francis Crick, English molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (1962), dies of colon cancer at 88

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
  • 2004 Tiziano Terzani, Italian journalist (b. 1938)
  • 2005 Ronald MacDonald, British major-general (WWII), dies at 93
  • 2006 David Gemmell, British writer (b. 1948)
  • 2007 Jim LeRoy, Airshow pilot (b. 1961)
  • 2009 Reverend Ike [Frederick J. Eikerenkoetter II], American televangelist (Joy of Living), dies at 74
  • 2010 Ivy Bean, English internet celebrity (b. 1905)
  • 2011 Abdul Fatah Younis, Former Libyan Interior Minister, assassinated for pro-Gadaffi ties (b. 1944)
  • 2013 William Scranton, American Republican Party politician and diplomat, dies from a cerebral hemorrhage at 96
  • 2014 Margot Adler, American journalist, dies from endometrial cancer at 68
  • 2015 James Jude, American thoracic surgeon (developed CPR), dies at 87
  • 2016 Mahasweta Devi, Indian Bengali writer and activist, dies at 90
  • 2020 Gisele Halimi, Tunisian-French lawyer, feminist and author, dies at 93