On This Day in History for July 3

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 138

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

324 Battle of Adrianople: Roman Emperor Constantine I defeats his co-emperor Licinius, who flees to Byzantium

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 683 St Leo II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 987 Hugh Capet (Hugh the Great) crowned King of the Franks
  • 1090 Battle at Hagenoorde: German emperor beats earl Egbert II

BattleBattle of Interest

1187 Battle of Horns of Hattin: Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, destroys Jerusalem's crusader army

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
  • 1250 Louis IX of France is captured by Baibars' Mamluk army at the Battle of Fariskur while he is in Egypt conducting the Seventh Crusade; he later has to ransom himself.
  • 1428 Treaty of Delft between Jacoba of Bavaria & Philip the Good of Burgundy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1608 Samuel de Champlain founds city of Quebec

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain
  • 1630 Emperor Ferdinand II opens German Parliament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1661 Portugal gives Tangier & Bombay to English King Charles II

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1720 Sweden & Denmark sign peace treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1754 George Washington surrenders to French, Fort Necessity (7 Years' War)

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1767 Pitcairn Island is discovered by Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on an expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret.
  • 1767 Norway's oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, is founded (first edition published this date).
  • 1775 Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Mass
  • 1778 British forces massacre 360 men, women & children in Wyoming, Pa
  • 1778 Prussia declares war on Austria
  • 1806 Michael Keens exhibits 1st cultivated strawberry
  • 1814 Americans capture Fort Erie, Canada (War of 1812)
  • 1816 French frigate "Medusa" runs aground off Cap Blanc. Gross incompetence kills 150 in calm seas
  • 1819 1st savings bank in US (Bank of Savings in NYC) opens its doors
  • 1839 1st state normal school in US opens, Lexington, Mass, with 3 students
  • 1841 John Couch Adams decides to determine position of an unknown planet by irregularities it causes in the motion of Uranus
  • 1844 The last pair of Great Auks is killed.
  • 1848 Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands)
  • 1849 The French entered Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification.
  • 1852 Congress authorizes US's 2nd mint (San Francisco, California)
  • 1861 Colonel Jackson receives his commission as brigadier general
  • 1861 Pony Express arrives in San Francisco with overland letters from NY
  • 1861 Martinsburg, VA - Confederate forces pull out before US advance
  • 1863 Battle of Donaldsonville, LA
  • 1863 Battle of Gettysburg, largest battle ever fought on the American continent, ends in a major victory for the Union during the US Civil War
  • 1864 Battle of Chattahoochie River, GA [until Jul 9]
  • 1864 Harpers Ferry, WV - Federals evacuate in face of Early's advance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1871 Jesse James robs bank in Corydon, Iowa ($45,000)

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • 1876 Montenegro declares war on Turkey
  • 1883 SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River Scotland; 195 die
  • 1884 Dow Jones publishes its 1st stock index, the Dow Jones Transportation Average
  • 1886 1st NY Tribune printing using 1st commercial linotype machine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 In Germany, Karl Benz drives 1st automobile

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • 1890 Idaho admitted as 43rd US state
  • 1890 King Leopold II gives Congo, previously a private possession, to Belgium
  • 1895 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Black Peter" (BG)
  • 1898 American troops captured deserted Wake Island
  • 1898 Dutch Automobile Club forms (KNAC)
  • 1898 Joshua Slocum completes 1st solo circumnavigation of the globe
  • 1898 US Navy defeats Spanish fleet in Santiago harbor, Cuba
  • 1900 Trying in stem the growing popular resentment, Tsar Nicholas of Russia issues a decree that abolishes the banishment of dissidents and troublemakers to Siberia
  • 1900 The British evacuate Rustenburg and occupy Commando Nek and Silkaatsnek in the Anglo-Boer war
  • 1905 Kuyper government forms in Holland
  • 1907 Pope decree forbids modernization of theology

  • 1908 Indian nationalist Bal Gangadhar Tilak arrested for sedition by the British in wake of Muzzafarpur bombing
  • 1913 Common tern banded in Maine; found dead in 1919 in Africa (1st bird known to have crossed the Atlantic)
  • 1913 Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett's Charge; upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors.
  • 1915 After exploding a bomb in US Senate reception room previous day, Erich Muenter, a German instructor at Cornell University, shoots JP Morgan for representing the British government in war contract negotiations
  • 1916 1st of 3 fatal shark attacks occurred near NJ shore (4 die)
  • 1917 Spontaneous demonstration at Tauride Palace, Petrograd
  • 1918 SDAP'er Suze Groenweg elected 1st woman in Dutch parliament
  • 1920 Java Technical School, Bandung, opens
  • 1920 Royal Air Force holds an air display at Hendon, England

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1922 Intergovernmental Conference on Identity Certificates for Russian Refugees, convened by Fridtjof Nansen in Geneva, creates the Nansen passports

Arctic Explorer and Diplomat Fridtjof Nansen
Arctic Explorer and Diplomat
Fridtjof Nansen
  • 1923 Dockers' strike in Hull/Grimsby/Cardiff/Bristol over to London
  • 1929 Dunlop Latex Development Laboratories made foam rubber
  • 1930 US Veterans Administration created
  • 1934 FDIC pays off 1st insured depositors, Fon du Lac Bank, East Peoria IL

BattleBattle of Interest

1938 President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield.

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Ernst Heinkel demonstrates 800 kph (500 mph) rocket plane to Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 ARP-leader/ex-premier Colijn argues cooperation with Germany
  • 1940 British Royal Navy sinks French fleet in Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria, to prevent Germany seizing it.
  • 1940 German occupiers forbid using Dutch royal names
  • 1942 German troops march into Sebastopol, Crimea
  • 1942 Hitler visits Field Marshal Von Bock's headquarters in Ukraine
  • 1943 Liberator bombers sinks U-628
  • 1944 US V-III-E Army corp opens assault on Coutances Cotentin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 James F. Byrnes becomes 49th US Secretary of State, succeeding Edward Stettinius

Politician and US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
Politician and US Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes
  • 1946 1st Dutch government of Beel forms
  • 1946 The Cape Passive Resistance Council is formed at a mass meeting in Cape Town, attended by 1,500 people
  • 1947 252,288 people (record) pass through Grand Central Station, NYC
  • 1947 Soviet Union doesn't participate in Marshall Plan
  • 1948 Kidnapper Caryl Chessman sentenced to death, California; the execution didn't happen until 1960
  • 1950 Casey Stengel asks Joe DiMaggio to play 1st base (handles 13 chances)
  • 1952 Puerto Rico's constitution approved by US Congress
  • 1954 Food rationing ends in Britain
  • 1962 Algerian Revolution against French rule ends (Algeria gains independence on 5th July)
  • 1963 In New Zealand, a National Airways Corporation Dakota DC-3 crashes in the Kaimai Ranges; all 23 passengers and crew are killed in what is still New Zealand’s worst internal civil aviation accident
  • 1965 USSR & Persia sign dam building & economic aid pact
  • 1965 Harold Strachan, member of the Communist Party of South Africa and Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress, is served with a restriction order in terms of the Suppression of Communism Act
  • 1966 Race riots in Omaha Nebraska
  • 1967 "News at 10" premieres on British TV
  • 1968 41°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in July
  • 1968 As part of a series of protests against housing conditions in Derry, the Derry Housing Action Committee (DHAC) hold a sit-down protest on the newly opened second deck of the Craigavon Bridge in the city, Northern Ireland
  • 1970 British aircraft crashes at Barcelona, 112 killed
  • 1970 The British Army imposed a curfew on the Falls Road area of Belfast as they search for weapons; during the operation they come under attack from the Official IRA (OIRA) and republican rioters
  • 1972 Themba Sono is forced to resign as president of South African Student Organisation (SASO)
  • 1972 The Ulster Defence Association and the British Army come into conflict about a 'no-go' area at Ainsworth Avenue, Belfast
  • 1973 Brothers Jim & Gaylord Perry face each other for only time, Tigers beat Indians 5-4, as Gaylord loses
  • 1973 General Walters, serves as acting director of CIA
  • 1974 Soyuz 14 carries 2 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 3
  • 1974 Mike Marshall saves Tommy John's 4-1 win
  • 1976 Adolfo Suarez becomes premier of Spain

Birthdays in History

  • 1423 Louis XI, King of France (1461-83)
  • 1442 Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1500)
  • 1530 Claude Fauchet, French historian (d. 1601)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1567 Samuel de Champlain, French explorer (Lake Champlain), born in Hiers-Brouage or La Rochelle, France (d. 1635)

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain
  • 1676 Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal (d. 1747)
  • 1683 Edward Young, English poet (Revenge, Complaint)
  • 1685 Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer (d. 1768)
  • 1687 Arnold Hoogvliet, Dutch poet (Abraham the Patriarch)
  • 1728 Robert Adam, architect/designer (Adelphi Terrace, London)
  • 1731 Samuel Huntington, (Gov-Ct), Continental Congress pres
  • 1738 John Singleton Copley, Mass, finest colonial American artist
  • 1743 Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, queen consort of Sweden (d. 1813)
  • 1793 John Claire, England, poet
  • 1794 Eberhard F Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt)
  • 1796 Nikoli A Poveloi, Russian writer/publisher (Sotsjinenija) [NS]
  • 1828 John Austin Wharton, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1865)
  • 1860 Charlotte Perkins Gilman, American feminist, writer and lecturer for social reform, born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1935)
  • 1866 Albert Gottschalk, Danish painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1870 Richard Bedford Bennett, 11th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1930-35), born in Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick (d. 1947)

11th Prime Minister of Canada Richard Bedford Bennett
11th Prime Minister of Canada
Richard Bedford Bennett
  • 1872 Habib Ullah Chan, emir of Afghanistam (1901-19)
  • 1874 Āpirana Ngata, Māori New Zealand politician and lawyer known for promoting and protecting Māori culture and language. born in Te Araroa, New Zealand (d. 1950)
  • 1875 Ernst F Sauerbruch, German nazi/surgeon
  • 1879 Alfred Korzybski, Polish linguist (d. 1950)
  • 1883 Alfred Korzybski, Polish scientist (Science & Sanity)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1883 Franz Kafka, Czech author (Metamorphosis, Trial, Amerika), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1924)

Writer Franz Kafka
Franz Kafka
  • 1883 Moses Leverock Crossley, US bio-chemist
  • 1886 Raymond A Spruance, US admiral/fleet commander/ambassador
  • 1906 Francis Steegmuller, American biographer (Cocteau)
  • 1906 Gwendolen Rees, zoologist
  • 1907 Arthur Steel, Dutch architect (Group '32)
  • 1908 Thomas Narcejac, Rochefort-sur-Mer France, writer (Vertigo)
  • 1908 M. F. K. Fisher, American writer (d. 1992)
  • 1908 Robert B. Meyner, American politician (d. 1990)
  • 1909 Earl L Butz, US Secretary of Agriculture (1971-76); a real Butz
  • 1909 Lucy Kroll, entertainment agent
  • 1909 Stavros Niachos, Greece, shipping magnate (Those Fabulous Greeks)
  • 1910 Bernard Burrows, British diplomat
  • 1910 Eric Franklin, Indian civil servant
  • 1912 Edward Jones, North Ireland lord justice of appeals
  • 1913 Hugh Stirling MacKenzie, British vice admiral
  • 1913 William Deakin, warden (St Anthony's College Oxford)
  • 1917 Helene Cordet, entertainer/nightclub owner
  • 1918 Lord Mulley, British MP (Labour)
  • 1920 Louise Allbritton, actress (Celia-Stage Door, Got a Secret), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • 1922 Corneille [Cornelis G of Beverloo], Dutch painter (Africa, Antilles)
  • 1922 Francois Reichenbach, French director (La douceur du Village)
  • 1922 Tom Hudson, artist/teacher
  • 1923 Baroness Ryder, of Warsaw & Cavendish, worked for sick & disabled
  • 1923 Emmanuel Bankole Timothy, journalist
  • 1923 William Mills, painter
  • 1924 Geoffrey Sammons, senior partner (Allen & Overy)
  • 1924 S. R. [Sellapan Ramanathan] Nathan, 6th President of Singapore (1999-2011), born in Singapore (d. 2016)
  • 1925 Michael Oliver, cardiologist, born in Borth, Wales (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Joseph M Gaydos, (Rep-D-PA, 1969- )
  • 1926 William Roll, German poltergeist researcher and parapsychologist (The Poltergeist, Unsolved Mysteries), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Ken Russell, England, director (Tommy, Altered States, Gothic)
  • 1927 William McMillan, moderator (Gen Assembly of Church of Scot) [or 1/29]
  • 1928 Evelyn Anthony, English historical writer (Poellenberg Inheritance)
  • 1928 Günter Bruno Fuchs, German writer, poet and artist, born in Berlin (d. 1977)
  • 1928 John Wills, lord-lt of Avon England
  • 1929 Eustace Gibbs, vice marshal (Diplomatic Corps)
  • 1931 Andres Burnier, [Catharina Dessaur], criminologist/author (Jongensuur)
  • 1933 Edward Brandt, American doctor and public health official (d. 2007)
  • 1934 Manfred Bieler, writer
  • 1935 Harrison H "Jack" Schmitt, Santa Rita NM, astronaut (Apollo 17)
  • 1935 John Swan, PM (Bermuda)
  • 1936 Anthony Lester, CEO (Runnymede Trust)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1937 Tom Stoppard, Czech playwright (Rosencrantz & Guildenstern-1968 Tony), born in Zlín, Czechoslovakia

Playwright Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
  • 1939 Jay Tarses, actor/writer (Open All Night, Duck Factory), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1940 Heather Steel, British judge
  • 1940 Lamar Alexander, American politician
  • 1941 Adoor Gopalakrishnan, cinematographer (Kathapurushan, Mathulikal)
  • 1941 Gloria Allred, American feminist and civil rights attorney, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1941 Wylie Walker Vale, Endocrinologist who discovered the stress hormone, born in Houston, Texas
  • 1943 Geraldo Rivera, [Gerry Rivers], American news personality (20/20, Geraldo), born in NYC, New York
  • 1943 Norman Thagard, American scientist and astronaut (STS 7, 51-B, 30, 42, 71, Mir), born in Marianna, Florida
  • 1945 Michael Martin, British politician, Speaker of the House of Commons (2000-09)
  • 1946 Michael Shea, American sci-fi author (Fat Face, Polyphemus), (d. 2014)
  • 1948 Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist
  • 1950 James Hahn, American politician and incumbent judge on the Los Angeles County Superior Court, born in Los Angeles, California

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1951 Jean-Claude Duvalier [Baby Doc], Deposed Haitian president-for-life (1971-86), born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti (d. 2014)

President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier
President of Haiti
Jean-Claude Duvalier
  • 1953 Alynne Beth Amkraut, entertainer, born in Amityville, New York
  • 1955 Sanma Akashiya, Japanese television performer
  • 1956 Montel Williams, TV talk show host (Montel)
  • 1956 Don Vito, American Viva La Bam castmember
  • 1957 Faye Resnick, author (Nicole Brown Simpson-Private Diary)
  • 1958 Matthew Fraser, Canadian-British journalist
  • 1958 Siân Lloyd, Welsh weather presenter
  • 1963 Tracey Emin, Croydon England, English artist
  • 1964 Joanne Harris, British author

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1971 Julian Assange, Australian founder of Wikileaks, born in Townsville, Queensland

Wikileaks founder Julian Assange
Wikileaks founder
Julian Assange
  • 1976 Wanderlei Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist

Weddings in History

  • 1468 Charles the Stout, Duke of Burgundy marries Princess Margaret of York

HeartWedding of Interest

1951 Author Maya Angelou (23) weds Thomas J. Angelos

Author, Poet and Activist Maya Angelou
Author, Poet and Activist
Maya Angelou
  • 1960 Vernon Presley (father of Elvis) weds Dee Alliot

HeartWedding of Interest

1992 Gary Dell'Abate (Howard Stern Show) marries Mary

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern
  • 1992 Mass Senator Ted Kennedy marries Victoria Reggie (38)
  • 1993 Prince Alois of Liechtenstein weds Duchess Sophie of Bavaria

Divorces in History

  • 1929 American Playwright Eugene O'Neill divorces second wife novelist Agnes Boulton after 11 years of marriage

Deaths in History

  • 683 Leo II, Pope (681-83), dies
  • 1090 Egbert II van Brunswick, Fries count, dies in battle
  • 1570 Antonio Paleario, Italian humanist, executed by inquisition at 67
  • 1642 Maria de' Medici, French queen-mother, dies at about 69
  • 1672 Francis Willughby, English biologist (b. 1635)
  • 1704 Sophia Alekseyevna, regent of Russia (b. 1657)
  • 1749 William Jones, Welsh mathematician (b. 1675)
  • 1778 Anna Maria Pertl Mozart, mother of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (b. 1720)
  • 1795 Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, French historian (b. 1714)
  • 1795 Antonio de Ulloa, Spanish general and governor of Louisiana (b. 1716)
  • 1858 Alexander Andreyevich Ivanov, Russian painter (b. 1806)
  • 1862 William Barksdale, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 40
  • 1863 Alonzo Hersford Cushing, US Union lt, dies in battle at about 22
  • 1863 Lewis Addison Armistead, Confederate brigadier general Gettysburg/dies in battle at 46
  • 1863 Little Crow, [Ta-oya-te-duta], Santee Sioux indian chief, dies
  • 1863 Richard Brooke Garnett, US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 45
  • 1863 Samuel Kosciuzko Zook, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 40
  • 1863 Richard B. Garnett, Confederate Brigadier General, killed during Pickett's Charge, Battle of Gettysburg at 45
  • 1863 George Hull Ward, American general (b. 1826)
  • 1863 Elon John Farnsworth, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 25
  • 1890 Gilman Marston, American Brigadier General (Union Army) and politician (R-NH), dies at 78
  • 1904 Theodor Herzl, Austrian journalist/Zionist, dies
  • 1904 Edouard Beaupré, Canadian giant and strongman (b. 1881)
  • 1908 Joel Chandler Harris, American writer, created Uncle Remus, dies at 59
  • 1910 Julius Slabbe, Belgian writer, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1916 henrietta (Hetty) Green, (Witch of Wall Street), dies at 81

The Witch of Wall Street Hetty Green
The Witch of Wall Street
Hetty Green
  • 1918 Sultan Mehmed V of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1844)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1933 Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina (1916-22, 1928-30), dies at 80

Argentine President Hipólito Yrigoyen
Argentine President
Hipólito Yrigoyen
  • 1934 Henry WAE, Prince of Netherlands/father of Queen Juliana, dies
  • 1935 André Citroën, French automobile pioneer (b. 1878)
  • 1942 Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, French general (b. 1856)
  • 1948 Adrien H Gerhard, Dutch SDAP-politician, dies at 90
  • 1954 Siegfried Handloser, German physician (b. 1895)
  • 1965 Trigger, horse (Roy Rogers), dies at 25
  • 1966 Cornelis "Kees" Boeke, theorist, dies at 81
  • 1970 Frances Parkinson Keyes, American novelist (Dinner at Antoine's), dies at 84
  • 1974 John C Ransom, US poet (World's Body), dies
  • 1977 Mohammed al-Zahaby, Egyptian minister, murdered
  • 1983 John Fleming (Jack) Brock, scientist, physician and a professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Cape Town, 78
  • 1984 Raoul Salan, French general/OAS leader (Algeria), dies at 85
  • 1989 Andrei Gromyko, Soviet diplomat, dies just short of his 80th birthday
  • 1990 Ludi Claire Hugo, entertainer, dies at 70
  • 1990 Maurice Girodias, French publisher, dies at 71
  • 1992 Arline Bletcher, entertainer, dies of natural causes at 99
  • 1992 Marc Tannenbaum, rabbi (only Jew to attend Vatican II), dies at 66
  • 1994 Felix Kelly, New Zealand-born British artist, dies at 80
  • 1994 Harry Ebbeling, PC-corrector, dies at 54
  • 1994 Pieter Hennipman, Dutch economist, dies at 85
  • 1995 Bert Hardy, English photographer (Picture Post), dies at 82
  • 1995 Gil Wolman, situationist, dies at 65
  • 1998 Danielle Bunten Berry, American software developer (b. 1949)
  • 2001 Mordecai Richler, Canadian author (b. 1931)
  • 2003 Gaetano Alibrandi, Papal diplomat (b. 1914)
  • 2004 Andrian Nikolayev, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1929)
  • 2005 Gaylord Nelson, American politician (b. 1916)
  • 2006 Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist (b. 1941)
  • 2007 Alice Timander, Swedish dentist (b. 1915)
  • 2009 John A. Keel, American Fortean, television scriptwriter, author of The Mothman Prophecies (b. 1930)
  • 2015 Boyd K. Packer, LDS church apostle, dies at 90
  • 2017 Spencer Johnson, American author (Who Moved My Cheese?), dies of pancreatic cancer at 78