On This Day in History for July 30

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 133

  • 579 Benedict I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 657 St Vitalian begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Eugene I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1178 Frederick I (Barbarossa), Holy Roman Emperor, crowned King of Burgundy

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1419 First defenestration of Prague: anti-Catholic Hussites, followers of executed reformer Jan Hus, storm Prague town hall and throw the judge, mayor and several city council members out the windows. They die in the fall or killed by crowd outside.
  • 1537 Resistant of Bomy: French/Dutch cease fire
  • 1601 Spanish garrison of Rhine birch surrenders to Earl Mauritius
  • 1618 Prince Maurits' troops pull into Utrecht
  • 1619 House of Burgesses Virginia forms, 1st elective American governing body

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1646 English parliament sets king Charles I Newcastle Propositions

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1650 Prince Willem II occupies Amsterdam
  • 1653 Johan de Witt sworn in as pension advisor of Holland
  • 1655 Dutch troops occupy Fort Assahudi Seram
  • 1678 English troops land in Flanders
  • 1715 Spanish gold & silver fleet disappears off St Lucie, Florida
  • 1729 City of Baltimore founded
  • 1733 Society of Freemasons opens 1st American lodge in Boston
  • 1739 Caspar Wistar begins glass manufacturing in Allowaystown, NJ
  • 1756 Bartolomeo Rastrelli presents the newly-built Catherine Palace to Empress Elizabeth and her courtiers.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Captain James Cook with Resolution returns to England

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • 1792 500 Marseillaisian men sing France's national anthem for 1st time
  • 1809 British armed force of 39,000 lands in Walcheren
  • 1811 Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, leader of the Mexican insurgency, is executed by the Spanish in Chihuahua, Mexico.
  • 1822 James Varick becomes 1st bishop of Afr Meth Episcopal Zion Church
  • 1824 Gioacchino Rossini becomes manager of Theatre Italian, Paris
  • 1825 Malden Island is discovered.
  • 1826 Java prince Dipo Negoro surprise attacks Dutch colony, 82 killed
  • 1836 First English language newspaper published in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 President Abraham Lincoln issues "eye-for-eye" order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner shot

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1863 Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah.
  • 1864 Battle of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania - burned by Union forces under McCausland
  • 1864 Battle of Petersburg: General Burnsides fails in an attack on Petersburg in the Battle of the Crater
  • 1865 Pope Pius IX visits Suriname
  • 1866 New Orleans's Democratic government orders police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150.
  • 1869 The Charles, considered the world’s first "oil tanker", departs from the United States headed for Europe with a bulk capacity of 7,000 barrels of oil
  • 1870 Staten Island ferry "Westfield" burns, killing 100
  • 1870 The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics
  • 1872 Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy
  • 1878 German anti-semitism begins during the Reichstag election
  • 1889 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Naval Treaty" (BG)
  • 1900 British Parliament passes several progressive social acts: a Mines Act, a Workmen's Compensation Act and a Railway Act
  • 1902 Anti-Jewish rioters attack funeral procession of Rabbi Joseph (NYC)
  • 1905 Dutch Covenant of Worker's union, NVV, forms
  • 1907 Russia and Japan sign an agreement guaranteeing freedom of China while recognizing each other's special interests
  • 1907 The Filipinos elect their first legislature; it will meet on 16 October
  • 1907 Starting today, the French bombard Casablanca and land troops to occupy the Atlantic-coast region of Morocco after attacks on foreigners
  • 1908 Around the World Automobile Race ends in Paris
  • 1909 Wright Brothers deliver 1st military plane to the army
  • 1913 Conclusion of 2nd Balkan War
  • 1914 Austrian-Hungary & Russia proclaim general mobilization
  • 1914 French troops withdraw 10 km from German border
  • 1914 John French appointed British supreme commander

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

  • 1916 German saboteurs blow up a munitions plant on Black Tom Island, NJ
  • 1917 Board of Commissioners of Cleveland Metroparks has its 1st meeting
  • 1921 The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) forms; the party changed its name to the South African Communist Party (SACP) in 1953, after it had been forced underground
  • 1923 New Zealand claims Ross Dependency
  • 1926 Albanian boundaries deduced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 George Eastman shows first amateur color motion pictures to guests at his New York house including Thomas Edison

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • 1935 1st Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution
  • 1938 Gen Metaxas names himself premier of Greece
  • 1941 German occupiers forbid SDAP, VDB, ARP, RKSP, CHU & SGP in Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 FDR signs bill creating women's Navy auxiliary agency (WAVES)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 German SS kills 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • 1942 German occupiers set night curfew on Jews in Netherlands
  • 1943 US 45th Infantry division occupies San Stefano
  • 1944 Heavy battles at Tessy-sur-Vire & Villebaudon Normandy
  • 1944 US 30th division reaches suburbs of St-Lo Normandy
  • 1945 Philippines Sea: US cruiser Indianapolis torpedoed/sinks, 880 die
  • 1946 1st rocket attains 100 mi (167 km) altitude, White Sands, NM
  • 1949 British warship HMS Amethyst escapes down Yangtze River, having been refused a safe passage by Chinese Communists after 3-month standoff
  • 1952 Ford Frick sets waiver rule to bar inter-league deals until all clubs in same league get right to bid
  • 1954 5th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games open in Vancouver, Canada
  • 1956 US motto "In God We Trust" authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 British spy Kim Philby found in Moscow

  • 1964 US naval fire on Hon Ngu/Hon Mo, North Vietnam
  • 1965 Charles Ives' "From the Steeples & the Mountains" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 LBJ signs Medicare bill, which goes into effect in 1966

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1966 US airplanes bombs demilitarized zone in Vietnam
  • 1967 Clifford Ann Creed/Margie Masters wins Yankee Ladies' Team Golf Champ
  • 1967 Race riot in Milwaukee (4 killed)
  • 1968 Wash Senator Ron Hansen makes 1st unassisted triple-play in 41 years
  • 1970 -Aug 5] Hurricane Celia, kills 31 in Cuba, Florida & Texas
  • 1970 Riots hit Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1971 Japanese Boeing 727 collides with an F-86 fighter killing 162
  • 1971 US Apollo 15 (Scott & Irwin) lands on Mare Imbrium on the Moon
  • 1974 House Judiciary Committee votes on 3rd & last charge of "high crimes & misdemeanors" to impeach President Nixon in the Watergate cover-up
  • 1975 Simon Gray's "Otherwise Engaged" premieres in London
  • 1975 US Teamsters President Jimmy Hoffa disappears in suburban Detroit; Hoffa was legally declared dead in 1982
  • 1975 Murtala Mohammed overthrows General Gowon to become Nigerian Head of State
  • 1976 Giulio Andreotti sworn in as premier of Italy for the 2nd time
  • 1976 4 Protestant civilians were shot dead at a pub off Milltown Road, Belfast; the attack was claimed by the Republican Action Force
  • 1980 Vanuatu (New Hebrides) gains independence from Britain & France
  • 1981 Belgian Senate accept laws against racism
  • 1981 Simon Gray's "Quartermaine's Terms" premieres in London
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • 1983 Official speed record for a piston-driven aircraft, 832 kph, California
  • 1984 Alvenus tanker at Cameron La, spills 2.8 million gallons of oil
  • 1984 Holly Roffey aged 11 days is the youngest ever to receive a heart transplant
  • 1985 Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-I mission
  • 1985 Valerie Lowrance, of Texas, 18, crowned America's Junior Miss

Birthdays in History

  • 1511 Giorgio Vasari, Italian painter/art historian (Vasari's Lives)
  • 1549 Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1609)
  • 1641 Regnier de Graaf, Dutch physician and anatomist (d. 1673)
  • 1763 Samuel Rogers, English poet (Italy, a poem)
  • 1809 Charles Chiniquy, Quebec-born excommunicated Catholic priest (d. 1899)
  • 1815 Thomas Jackson Rodman, American Brevet Brigadier General (Union Army), inventor of the rodman gun and perforated-cake gunpowder, born in Salem, Indiana (d. 1871)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1818 Emily Brontë, English novelist (Wuthering Heights), born in Thornton, West Yorkshire (d. 1848)

  • 1818 John Heemskerk Azn, Dutch minister of Internal minister (1866..88)
  • 1825 Chaim Aronson, inventor and academic (d. 1893)
  • 1831 Helene P Blavatsky, founder (Theosophist Cooperation)
  • 1837 Elon John Farnsworth, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Green Oak, Michigan (d. 1863)
  • 1838 Eugen Richter, German parliament member (Liberal)
  • 1855 James Edward Kelly, American sculptor "Sculptor of American History"
  • 1856 Richard B Haldane, British viscount/lord-chancellor (Life of A Smith)
  • 1857 Thorstein Veblen, American economist (Theory of the Leisure Class-1899)
  • 1859 Henry Simpson Lunn, English humanitarian (d. 1939)
  • 1859 Henry Louis Smith, American physicist who made the first X-ray photograph, born in Greensboro, North Carolina

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1863 Henry Ford, American industrialist and auto maker (Ford Model T), born in Dearborn Township, Michigan (d. 1947)

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1868 Alfred Weber, German economist/sociologist
  • 1872 Clémentine, Princess of Belgium, wife of Prince Napoleon Bonaparte V, born in Royal Castle of Laeken, Brussels (d. 1955)
  • 1880 Robert Rutherford McCormick, American editor/publisher (Chicago Tribune)
  • 1881 Smedley Butler, American Marine general (d. 1940)
  • 1882 Leo van Puyfielde, Flemish art historian
  • 1887 Felix A Vening Meinesz, Dutch geophysicist (gravity)
  • 1888 Raden Sutomo, Indonesian freedom fighter
  • 1893 Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani Mother of the Nation (d. 1967)
  • 1897 Jacques de Kadt, Dutch politician/writer (Fascism is War!)
  • 1898 Henry Moore, English artist and sculptor (known for Three Piece Sculpture: Vertebrae), born in Castleford (d. 1986)
  • 1899 Henricus Moorman, Dutch vice-admiral (KVP)
  • 1904 Salvador Novo, Mexican writer (d. 1974)
  • 1909 Cyril Northcote Parkinson, English historian (Pursuit of Progress)
  • 1910 Edgar de Evia, American photographer (d. 2003)
  • 1914 Lord Killanin, Irish IOC president (d. 1999)
  • 1916 Robert van Spaendonk, Dutch resistance fighter
  • 1919 Berniece Baker Miracle, half-sister of Marilyn Monroe
  • 1921 Jacques Vander Schueren, Belgian minister of Economic Affairs
  • 1922 Henry W. Bloch, American co-founder of H&R Block
  • 1923 Dipa Nusantara Aidit, Indonesian communist/leader of PKI (1951-65)
  • 1923 John Richard Brinsley Norton, landowner
  • 1924 William Gass, Fargo ND, novelist/philosopher (Omensetter's Luck)
  • 1926 Peter T Thwaites, British Brigadier General and playwright (Love or money) (d. 1991)
  • 1929 Sid Kroft, Athens Greece, puppeteer (Barbara Mandrell Show)
  • 1930 Thomas Sowell, author/activist
  • 1936 John Burton-Hall, Dorset England, captain (QE2)
  • 1936 Infanta Pilar of Spain
  • 1938 Hervé de Charette, French politician
  • 1939 Eleanor Smeal, leader (National Organization for Women)
  • 1940 Clive Sinclair, British computer inventor (ZX Spectrum)
  • 1940 Patricia Schroeder, (Rep-D-Colorado, 1973- )
  • 1940 Pat Schroeder, American politician
  • 1941 Count Desmond, [Edward Benjamin], Binghamton NY, sword swallower
  • 1943 Henri-François Gautrin, Quebec politician
  • 1945 Patrick Modiano, French novelist
  • 1947 Jonathan Mann, AIDS activist (d. 1998)
  • 1953 Aleksandr Nikolayevich Balandin, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-9)
  • 1956 Anita Hill, professor of law, Clarence Thomas' nemesis
  • 1956 Soraida Martinez, American Painter, Creator of Verdadism.
  • 1962 Andy Green, UK, 1st to break sound barrier on land
  • 1962 Vladimir Nikolayevich Dezhurov, Rus lt-colonel/cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-21)
  • 1962 Jay Feaster, American National Hockey League executive
  • 1971 Sagi Kalev, Bodybuilder
  • 1975 Graham Nicholls, English artist
  • 2002 Prince Hridayendra of Nepal, Nepalese royal

Weddings in History

  • 1988 James Ogilvy (under Engl princess Alexandra) marries Julia Rawlinson

Deaths in History

  • 578 Jacob Baradaeus, Bishop of Edessa
  • 579 Benedict I, Italian Pope (575-79), dies
  • 1516 Johan V Nassau, earl of Nassau-Vianden/Dietz, dies
  • 1528 Jacopo d'antonio Negreti Palma, Italian painter, dies at about 48
  • 1540 Robert Barnes, English churchman (martyred) (b. 1495)
  • 1540 Thomas Abel, English priest (martyred)
  • 1550 Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton, English politician (b. 1505)
  • 1566 Guillaume Rondelet, French Naturalist famous for his study of marine animals, dies at 58
  • 1652 John Cloppenburg, vicar/theologist, dies at 68
  • 1652 Charles Amédée de Savoie, 6th Duc de Nemours, French soldier (b. 1624)
  • 1680 Thomas Butler, Earl of Ossory, Irish naval commander (b. 1634)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1683 Maria Theresa of Spain, queen of Louis XIV of France, dies at 44

Queen of Louis XIV Maria Theresa of Spain
Queen of Louis XIV
Maria Theresa of Spain
  • 1691 Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer and scholar (b. 1639)
  • 1712 Abraham Elsevier, publisher, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1718 William Penn, English Philosopher, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania (No cross, no crown), dies at 73

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1741 Wierich PL count von Daun, gov-gen of Austria & Netherlands, dies
  • 1771 Thomas Gray, English poet, dies at 54
  • 1796 Nicolas the Pigage, French classical architect, dies
  • 1832 Jean-A-C Chaptal, French chemist/Internal minister, dies
  • 1849 Jacob Perkins, American Inventor, dies at 83
  • 1863 George Crockett Strong, US Union gen-mjr, dies of injuries at 29
  • 1865 George Wright, US Union brigadier general, dies at 61
  • 1875 George Pickett, American Confederate general (b. 1825)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1898 Otto von Bismarck, German "Iron" chancellor, dies at 83

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1900 Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (b. 1844)
  • 1903 Servas Daems, [Peeter Klein], Flem writer (Wheelbarrows), dies at 65
  • 1912 Mutsuhito, 122nd emperor of Japan (1867-1912), dies at 60
  • 1914 Jean Jaurès, leading socialist, assassinated in Paris
  • 1916 Albert Neisser, German physician who discovered the bacterias that cause gonorrhea and leprosy, dies of septicemia at 61
  • 1918 Chaim Soloveitchik, Rabbi of Brisk, talmudic scholar, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1918 Joyce Kilmer, American poet, dies at 31

  • 1927 Robert Marquies de Flers, French writer (Monsieur Bretonneau), dies
  • 1930 Joan Gamper, Swiss-Catalan businessman and founder of FC Barcelona (b. 1877)
  • 1947 Joseph Cook, 6th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1860)
  • 1965 Junichiro Tanizaki, Japanese writer (Key), dies at 79
  • 1967 Alfried Krupp, German industrialist, dies at 59
  • 1970 Louis Lomax, African-American author and journalist, dies in a car accident 47
  • 1971 Kenneth Slessor, Australian poet (b. 1901)
  • 1976 Emil Solomon "Solly" Sachs, South African socialist, dies in London
  • 1977 Jorgen Ponto, West German banker, murdered
  • 1983 Howard Deitz, MGM executive, dies at 86 of Parkinson's disease
  • 1985 Julia Hall Bowman Robinson, American mathematician (b. 1919)
  • 1989 Lane Frost, American bull rider, dies from injuries sustained by being gored by a bull at 25
  • 1990 Ian Gow, British Conservative parliament leader, murdered
  • 1990 Karl Weber, dies of heart failure at 74
  • 1991 Leonardus S van Egerat, travel expert, dies at 68
  • 1992 Joe Shuster, co creator (Superman), dies at 78
  • 1993 Edward B A M Raczynski, Polish pres-in-exile (1979-86), dies at 97
  • 1993 John Castrios, 1st murder in Washington NH in 200 years, killed at 45
  • 1994 Enid Balint-Edmonds, British psychoanalyst, dies at 90
  • 1994 Henry Mackie, designer of the Belfast Calorimeter, dies at 73
  • 1995 Charles James Dunn, japanese scholar, dies at 80
  • 1995 Harry Shorto, linguist, dies at 75
  • 1996 Alan Cheales, dominican priest, dies at 83

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1997 Bảo Đại, last Emperor of Vietnam (1926-45) and Chief of State of South Vietnam (1949-55), dies at 85

Emperor of Vietnam Bảo Đại
Emperor of Vietnam
Bảo Đại
  • 2005 John Garang, Vice President of Sudan (b. 1945)
  • 2005 Anthony Walker, English hate crime murder victim (b. 1987)
  • 2006 Anthony Galla-Rini, American accordionist (b. 1904)
  • 2006 Murray Bookchin, American libertarian socialist (b. 1921)
  • 2007 Teoctist, Ex-Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church (b. 1915)
  • 2008 Anne Armstrong U.S. ambassador to Britain and first female counsel to the President, dies at 80
  • 2009 Peter Zadek, German theatre director (b. 1926)
  • 2012 Maeve Binchy [Snell], Irish novelist (Light a Penny Candle), dies at 72