On This Day

On This Day in History for July 31 (Part 2)

Events in History

  • 1983 Dutch July average temperature is 20.1°C; warmest July since 1852
  • 1984 Venz commandos terminate hijacking of an aircraft, 2 killed
  • 1987 Battle between Iranian pilgrims and Saudi-Arabian troops, 402 killed
  • 1987 Rockwell International awarded contract to build a 5th shuttle
  • 1987 A rare, class F-4 tornado rips through Edmonton, Alberta, killing 27 people and causing $330 million in damage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Last Playboy Club closes in Lansing, Michigan

Playboy Founder & Businessman Hugh Hefner
Playboy Founder & Businessman
Hugh Hefner
  • 1988 32 people are killed and 1,674 injured when a bridge at the Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal collapses in Butterworth, Malaysia
  • 1989 Twins trade AL Cy Young Award winner Frank Viola to Mets
  • 1990 Bosnia-Hercegovina declares independence
  • 1991 Russia and US sign long range nuclear weapons reduction pact
  • 1991 Senate votes to allow women to fly combat aircraft
  • 1991 The Medininkai Massacre in Lithuania. Soviet OMON attacks Lithuanian customs post in Medininkai, killing 7 officers and severely wounding one other
  • 1992 Thai Airbus crashes into mountain at Kathmandu, 113 die
  • 1993 Inkatha-arm forces killed 49 ANC-followers in Johannesburg
  • 1993 Prince Ronald "Ronnie" Mutebi crowned king of Uganda
  • 1994 102.7°F (39.3°C) in Pleschen, East-Germany

  • 1994 Arcen Limburg averages 71.6°F (22.0°C) in July: record
  • 1994 Netherlands' warmest July since 1783 - average 21.4°C
  • 1994 Sergei Bubka ploe vaults his 35th world record (6.14 m)
  • 1994 Stockholm averages 21.5°C; the warmest July since 1855
  • 1994 UN votes 12-0 (2 abstentions) to authorize use of force against Haiti
  • 1999 Discovery Program: Lunar Prospector - NASA intentionally crashes the spacecraft into the Moon, thus ending its mission to detect frozen water on the moon's surface
  • 2002 Polaroid Corporation is purchased by One Equity Partners, continuing to operate under the Polaroid Corporation name

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2006 Fidel Castro temporarily hands over power to brother Raúl Castro. This leads to a celebration in Little Havana (La Pequeña Habana in Spanish), Miami, Florida, where many Cuban Americans participated.

President of Cuba Raúl Castro
President of Cuba
Raúl Castro
  • 2007 Operation Banner, the presence of the British Army in Northern Ireland, and longest-running British Army operation ever, comes to an end
  • 2012 Two car bombs kill 21 people in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2012 A second power grid failure in India in two days leaves 670 million people without power
  • 2014 The US agree to resupply arms to Israel - including rocket launchers, mortar rounds, grenades - despite condemnation of civilian casualties in Gaza
  • 2014 Israel and Hamas agree to a 72-hour humanitarian cease-fire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 It is announced that creative director Alexander Wang will leave Balenciaga

Fashion Designer Alexander Wang
Fashion Designer
Alexander Wang

Book releaseHistoric Publication

2016 “Harry Potter and the Cursed Child", a play by Jack Thorne with contributions by J. K. Rowling is published worldwide at midnight

Novelist J. K. Rowling
Novelist
J. K. Rowling
  • 2016 Yuriko Koike is the first woman to be elected Tokyo Governor
  • 2017 Anthony Scaramucci removed as White House Communications Director after less than 2 weeks
  • 2018 Facebook discloses and removes Russian-linked network of sites attempting to interfere in American politics
  • 2018 Aeroméxico flight 2431 crash lands in Durango, Mexico, all 103 on board survive
  • 2019 US Federal Reserve cuts interest rates for the first time since 2008 by 0.25%

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019 Russian President Vladimir Putin orders Russian army to help put out huge wildfires in Siberia covering three million hectares (7.4 million acres) after 700,000 people sign petition

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019 American officials announce Osama bin Laden's son, Hamza bin Laden and potential successor has been killed in US air strikes in Pakistan

Islamic Militant and Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant and Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 2019 Kelly Craft confirmed by US Senate as US ambassador to the UN [1]
  • 2020 Eurozone economic activity falls 11.9% for April-June with Spain the worst at -18.5%, its deepest in modern times
  • 2020 Mexico overtakes the UK to have the world's third highest death toll from COVID-19 with 46,688 fatalities
  • 2020 Apple wildfire starts near Beaumont, California, forcing the evacuation of nearly 8,000 people over the next few days

Birthdays in History


Weddings in History


Deaths in History