On This Day

On This Day in History for July 4

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 201

  • 836 Pactum Sicardi, peace between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples
  • 993 Saint Ulrich of Augsburg is canonized.
  • 1054 Brightest known supernova SN 1054 (creates the Crab Nebula) 1st reported by Chinese astronomers
  • 1120 Jordan II of Capua is anointed as prince after his infant nephew's death

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1187 Battle of Hittin (Tiberias): Saladin defeats Reinoud of Châtillon

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
  • 1301 Battle at Breukelen: Holland vs Lichtenberg
  • 1359 Francesco II Ordelaffi of Forlì surrenders to the Papal commander Gil de Albornoz.
  • 1415 Angelo Correr renounces his claim to the Papacy as Pope Gregory XII
  • 1453 41 Jewish martyrs burned at stake at Breslau

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1534 Christian III is elected King of Denmark and Norway in the town of Rye

King of Denmark and Norway Christian III
King of Denmark and Norway
Christian III

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1610 Battle of Klushino: King Sigismund III's Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth army beats Russia and Sweden

  • 1634 The city of Trois-Rivières is founded in New France, later to become the Canadian province of Quebec
  • 1636 City of Providence, Rhode Island form
  • 1652 Prince of Condé starts blood bath in Paris
  • 1653 English Barebones Parliament goes into session
  • 1672 States of Holland declares "Eternal Edict" void
  • 1693 Battle at Boussu-lez-Walcourt: French-English vs Dutch army

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1708 Battle of Holowczyn: Swedish King Charles XII defeats superior Russian force in surprising vctory

King of Sweden Charles XII
King of Sweden
Charles XII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1754 George Washington gives Fort Necessity to France

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1774 Orangetown Resolutions adopted in the Province of New York, one of many protests against the British Parliament's Coercive Acts

USALiberty Bell

1776 According to popular legend the Liberty Bell rings for the Second Continental Congress

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The Liberty Bell on its ornate stand, 1872
The Liberty Bell on its ornate stand, 1872
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Yippee! It's Independence Day for the U.S.Yippee! It's Independence Day for the U.S.

1776 US Congress proclaims the Declaration of Independence and independence from Great Britain

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Thomas Jefferson presents the Declaration of Independence to John Hancock, president of the Congress. This painting by John Trumbull is kept in the Capitol building in Washington DC.
Thomas Jefferson presents the Declaration of Independence to John Hancock, president of the Congress. This painting by John Trumbull is kept in the Capitol building in Washington DC.
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  • 1779 French fleet occupies Grenada

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1782 William Petty becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain following the death of Charles Watson-Wentworth

British Prime Minister William Petty
British Prime Minister
William Petty
British Prime Minister Charles Watson-Wentworth
British Prime Minister
Charles Watson-Wentworth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1785 James Hutton, geologist, publicly reads an abstract of his theory of uniformitarianism for the first time at the meeting of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

Geologist James Hutton
James Hutton
  • 1789 1st US tariff act signed by President Washington
  • 1796 1st Independence Day celebration is held
  • 1802 1st US Military Academy opens at West Point, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1803 The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people by President Thomas Jefferson

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1810 French troops occupy Amsterdam
  • 1817 Chief Engineer James Geddes begins construction on the Erie Canal, (Rome, New York), one of the first great engineering works in North America

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1819 William Herschel makes last telescopic observation of 1819 comet

Astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel

USAUnited States Declaration of Independence

1826 Past presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams both die on the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, President John Quincy Adams calls "visible and palpable remarks of Divine Favor"

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Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
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  • 1827 Slavery abolished in New York
  • 1828 Construction begins on B & O (Baltimore-Ohio) 1st US passenger RR
  • 1829 Cornerstone laid for 2nd US mint at Chestnut and Juniper St, Philadelphia, the "Grecian Temple"
  • 1829 The first London bus "omnibus", operated by George Shillibeer, begins service between Marylebone Road and Bank Junction
  • 1836 Wisconsin Territory forms
  • 1837 Grand Junction Railway, the world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool
  • 1838 Iowa Territory is organised from Wisconsin Territory, lasting until 1846
  • 1838 Huskar Colliery Mining Disaster in Silkstone England: mining pit floods drown 26 children, leads to 1842 'Mines and Collieries Act' bans women and children working underground
  • 1840 The Cunard Line's 700 ton wooden paddle steamer RMS Britannia departs from Liverpool bound for Halifax, Nova Scotia on the first transatlantic crossing with a scheduled end

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1845 Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau
  • 1845 Texas Congress votes for annexation to US

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1855 In Brooklyn, New York, the first edition of Walt Whitman's book of poems, "Leaves of Grass" is published

Poet and Nurse Walt Whitman
Poet and Nurse
Walt Whitman
  • 1861 In a special session of 27th Congress Lincoln requests 400,000 troops
  • 1861 Skirmish at Harper's Ferry, West Virginia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice Liddell on a family boat trip on the river Isis (Thames) in Oxford

Author and Mathematician Lewis Carroll
Author and Mathematician
Lewis Carroll
  • 1862 R Morgan's: Tomkinsville, KY to Somerset, KY [->JUL 28]
  • 1863 Boise, Idaho founded (now capital of Idaho)
  • 1863 Failed Confederate assault on Helena Arkansas (640 casualties)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 General Lee's army withdraws from Gettysburg

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1863 Skirmish at Smithburg, TN
  • 1863 Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Union forces
  • 1865 First edition of "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" by Lewis Carroll is published
  • 1866 Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying half of Portland, Maine, US
  • 1868 Battle at Ueno, Japan: last Tokugawa armies defeated
  • 1868 Maori leader Te Kooti and 300 of his followers captured the schooner Rifleman in the Chatham Islands and sail for New Zealand; landing at Whareongaonga six days later
  • 1873 Aquarium opens in Woodward Gardens, San Francisco
  • 1874 Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed
  • 1875 White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg
  • 1876 1st public exhibition of electric light in San Francisco
  • 1876 Batholdi visits Bedloe Island, future home of his Statue of Liberty
  • 1879 Africaner Union forms by Rev SJ du Toit at Cape colony
  • 1879 Battle at Ulundi: Lord Chelmsford beats Zulu King Cetshwayo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Booker T. Washington establishes Tuskegee Institute (Alabama)

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • 1882 Telegraph Hill Observatory opens in San Francisco
  • 1883 Buffalo Bill Cody presents 1st wild west show, North Platte, Nebraska
  • 1884 1st US bullfight held (Dodge City Ks)
The Statue of Liberty, New York
The Statue of Liberty, New York
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  • 1886 1st scheduled transcontinental passenger train reaches Port Moody, British Columbia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1887 Future founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, begins his studies at Sindh Madressatul Islam University in Karachi

Founder of Pakistan Mohammed Ali Jinnah
Founder of Pakistan
Mohammed Ali Jinnah
  • 1888 1st organized rodeo competition held, Prescott, Arizona
  • 1889 Washington state constitutional convention holds 1st meeting
  • 1892 James Keir Hardie chosen 1st socialist in British Lower house
  • 1892 Western Samoa changes the International Date Line, so that year there were 367 days in this country, with two occurrences of Monday, July 4
  • 1894 Elwood Haynes successfully tests one of 1st US autos at 6 MPH
  • 1894 Republic of Hawaii proclaimed, Sanford B Dole as president
  • 1895 Katherine Lee Bates publishes "America the Beautiful"
  • 1898 French liner "La Bourgogne" collides with bark Cromartyshire, 560 die
  • 1898 US flag hoisted over Wake Island (Spanish–American War)
  • 1900 Williams Jennings Bryan nominated as Democratic Party presidential candidate, USA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 William Howard Taft, former Federal judge, is installed as first governor-general of the Philippines and declares amnesty for all insurgents who take an oath of allegiance

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Civil government is established in the Philippines by a proclamation from US President Theodore Roosevelt, who offers a general amnesty to insurgents

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1903 Pacific Cable (San Francisco, Hawaii, Guam, Philippines) opens, President Theodore Roosevelt sends a message
  • 1906 Great Britain, France, and Italy declare independence of Ethiopia (Abyssinia), but all lay claim to their own 'spheres of influence' in that land
  • 1910 The US Congress pass the Mann-Elkins Act, an important piece of railroad reform legislation
  • 1910 In a mutual defense agreements, Japan and Russia delineate their spheres of interest in Manchuria
  • 1911 105°F (41°C) at Vernon, Vermont (state record)
  • 1911 106°F (41°C) at Nashua, New Hampshire (state record)
  • 1912 Detroit Tiger George Mullen no-hits St Louis Browns, 7-0

RussiaRed October

1917 Troops of the Russian Provisional Government open fire on protesters in Petrograd during the 'July Days' of unrest

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Protesters scatter in Petrograd shortly after Russian government troops opened fire
Protesters scatter in Petrograd shortly after Russian government troops opened fire
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  • 1918 Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Washington

TurkeyEnd of the Ottoman Empire

1918 Ottoman Sultan Mehmed VI ascends to the throne

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The last Ottoman sultan, Mehmed VI, departs his palace in Istanbul after the abolition of the monarchy
The last Ottoman sultan, Mehmed VI, departs his palace in Istanbul after the abolition of the monarchy
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  • 1919 ADGB (Allgemeine Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund) party forms
  • 1920 The provisional government of Siberia's Maritime Province agrees to hand over parts of the strategic oil- and coal-rich Sakhalin Islands to Japan
  • 1925 44 die when Dreyfus Hotel in Boston collapses
  • 1926 NSDAP-party forms in Weimar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Sukarno and friends form the pro-Indonesian independence party, the PNI (Perserikatan Nasional Indonesia) in Batavia, Dutch East Indies

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1927 First flight of the Lockheed Vega.

Birthdays in History

  • 1330 Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shogun (2nd shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate) (d. 1367)
  • 1546 Murad III, Sultan of Turkey (1574-95), born in Manisa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1595)
  • 1610 Cornelis Evertsen the Elder, Dutch-Swiss vice-admiral, born in Flushing, Netherlands (d. 1666)
  • 1610 Paul Scarron, French writer (Virgile Travesti), born in Paris (d. 1660)
  • 1669 Alexander von Papenhoven, Flemish religious sculptor, born in Antwerp (d. 1759)
  • 1715 Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet and novelist (Fables & Tales), born in Hainchen, Germany (d. 1769)
  • 1753 Jean-Pierre Blanchard, French ballonist (1st balloon flights in England and U.S.), born in Les Andelys, France (d. 1809)
  • 1756 William Rush, American sculptor (Spirit of the Schuylkill), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1833)
  • 1790 George Everest, Welsh surveyor and namesake of Mt. Everest, born in Gwernvale, Brecknockshire, Wales (d. 1866)
  • 1799 Oscar I, King of Sweden and Norway (1844-59), born in Paris (d. 1859)
  • 1804 Désiré de Haerne, Belgian Catholic priest and Congressional leader, born in Ypres, Belgium (d. 1890)

Person of interestNathaniel Hawthorne

1804 Nathaniel Hawthorne, American author (House of 7 Gables, The Scarlet Letter), born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1864)

Person of interestGiuseppe Garibaldi

1807 Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian general and nationalist (Risorgimento) who helped unify Italy, born in Nice, First French Empire (d. 1882)

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • 1816 Hiram Walker, American entrepreneur and founder of the Hiram Walker and Sons Ltd. distillery, born in East Douglas, Massachusetts (d. 1899)
  • 1819 Reuben Fenton, American merchant and politician (22nd Governor of New York), born in Carroll, New York (d. 1885)
  • 1826 Green Clay Smith, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Richmond, Kentucky (d. 1895)
  • 1828 J. Johnston Pettigrew, American lawyer and Confederate General in the American Civil War, born in Tyrrell County, North Carolina (d. 1863)
  • 1828 Wilhelm Ahlwardt, German orientalist, born in Greifswald, Germany (d. 1909)
  • 1841 Edward Gailliard, Flemish linguist and archaeologist, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1922)
  • 1842 Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austrian sociologist and general, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1904)
  • 1845 Thomas John Barnardo, British social worker, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1905)

Person of interestJames Anthony Bailey

1847 James Anthony Bailey, American circus ringmaster and showman (Barnum & Bailey), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1906)

Circus Showman and Businessman James Anthony Bailey
Circus Showman and Businessman
James Anthony Bailey
  • 1854 Victor Babeş, Romanian physician and bacteriologist, born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1867 Stephen Mather, American industrialist and conservationist (organized US National Park Service), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1930)
  • 1868 Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American astronomer (period-luminosity relation), born in Lancaster, Massachusetts (d. 1921)
  • 1870 Pieter van der Lijn, Dutch geologist (Dutch boulders), born in Graft, Netherlands (d. 1964)

Person of interestCalvin Coolidge

1872 Calvin Coolidge [Silent Cal], 30th US President (R) (1923-29), born in Plymouth Notch, Vermont (d. 1933)

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • 1875 Giovanni & Giacomo Tocci, Italian Siamese twins, born in Locana (probable date),
  • 1881 Ulysses S. Grant III, American soldier and planner, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1968)

Person of interestRube Goldberg

1883 Rube Goldberg, American cartoonist who made the easy outrageously difficult (Pulitzer Prize 1948), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1970)

Cartoonist Rube Goldberg
Rube Goldberg
  • 1884 Alexander Byvanck, Dutch art historian and archaeologist, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1970)
  • 1895 Massimo Campigli, Italian painter and illustrator, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1971)
  • 1896 Mao Dun [Shen Dehong], Chinese writer (Midnight), born in Tongxiang, China (d. 1981)
  • 1898 Pilar Barbosa, Puerto Rican historian and political activist, born in Bayamon, Puerto Rico (d. 1997)
  • 1898 Gulzarilal Nanda, Indian politician and economist, temporary Prime Minister of India (1964, 1966), born in Sialkot, British India (d. 1998)

Person of interestMeyer Lansky

1902 Meyer Lansky, Polish-born American mobster known as the "Mob's Accountant", born in Grodno, Russian Empire (d. 1983)

Mobster Meyer Lansky
Meyer Lansky
  • 1904 Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-American yiddish writer (Yentl, Nobel Prize for Literature 1978), born in Leoncin, Russian Empire (d. 1991)
  • 1905 Lionel Trilling, American literary critic and author (1969 Poses Award, The Liberal Imagination), born in NYC, New York (d. 1975)
  • 1905 Irving Johnson, American sail training pioneer and adventurer, born in Hadley, Massachusetts (d. 1991)
  • 1906 Vincent Joseph Schaefer, American chemist and meteorologist (cloud seeding), born in Schenectady, New York (d. 1993)
  • 1908 Aurelio Peccei, Italian industrialist and chairman (Club of Rome), born in Turin, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1984)
  • 1909 Lynette Roberts, British poet, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Madeleine Barot, French activist and theologian, born in Châteauroux, France (d. 1995)
  • 1910 Francis D. Foley, US Rear Admiral (WW II, Guadalcanal), born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1999)
  • 1911 Mitch Miller, American oboist and recording producer (Sing Along with Mitch), born in Rochester, New York (d. 2010)
  • 1914 Nuccio Bertone, Italian automobile designer, born in Turin, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1997)
  • 1915 Christine Lavant, Austrian poet and writer (Das Kind), born in Lavant Valley, Carinthia, Austria (d. 1973)
  • 1916 Tokyo Rose [Iva Toguri D'Aquino], American-born Japanese propagandist (WWII), born in Los Angeles (d. 2006)
  • 1916 Fernand Leduc, Canadian abstract expressionist painter (Les Automatistes), and teacher, born in Viauville, Montreal, Quebec (d. 2014)
  • 1917 Manolete [Manuel Laureano Rodríguez Sánchez], Spanish bullfighter, born in Córdoba, Andalucia, Spain (d. 1947)
  • 1918 Abigail Van Buren [Pauline Phillips], American columnist and radio show host known for "Dear Abby" advice column, twin sister of fellow advice columnist Ann Landers (Eppie Lederer), born in Sioux City, Iowa (d. 2013)
  • 1918 Ann Landers [Eppie Lederer], American advice columnist "Ask Ann Landers," twin sister of fellow advice columnist "Dear Abby" (Abigail Van Buren), born in Sioux City, Iowa (d. 2002)
  • 1918 Buster Davis, American choral director (Garry Moore Show), born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania (d. 1987)
  • 1918 Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV, King of Tonga (1965-2006), born in Royal Palace, Nuku'alofa, Tonga (d. 2006)
  • 1920 Leona Helmsley, American real estate billionaire convicted of federal income tax evasion, born in Marbletown, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Gérard Debreu, French-American economist (Nobel 1983), born in Calais, France (d. 2004)
  • 1923 Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1982-84), born in Winterthur, Switzerland (d. 2013)

Person of interestNeil Simon

1927 Neil Simon, American playwright (The Odd Couple, Plaza Suite, Biloxi Blues), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2018)

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon
  • 1928 Patrick Tilley, British sci-fi author (1st Family, Blood River)
  • 1928 Paul de Wispelaere, Flemish writer and critic, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 2016)
  • 1928 Sylvius Gerald Marie Rozendal, Premier of Netherlands Antilles, born in Willemstad, Curacao (d. 2003)
  • 1930 Yury Tyukalov, Soviet rower (Olympic 1952,56 Gold), born in Leningrad, Russia (d. 2018)
  • 1935 Paul Scoon, Grenadian politician (2nd Governor-General of Grenada (1978-92)), born in Gouyave, British Windward Islands (d. 2013)
  • 1937 Thomas Nagel, American philosopher and University Professor of Philosophy and Law Emeritus at New York University, born in Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
  • 1937 Sonja [Haraldsen], Queen consort of Norway (since 1991), born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1941 Brian Willson, American peace activist, born in New York
  • 1941 Sergio Oliva, American body builder (The Myth, IFBB Mr. Olympia, 1967-9), born in Havana, Cuba (d. 2012)
  • 1942 Michael, English Prince of Kent and paternal first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II, born in Coppins, Iver, Buckinghamshire, England
  • 1942 Stefan Meller, Polish diplomat and 9th Minister of Foreign Affairs (2005-06), born in Lyon, France (d. 2008)
  • 1946 Michael Milken, American financier and partner (Intl Capital Access Group), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1946 Ron Kovic, American anti-war activist and writer (Born on the Fourth of July), born in Ladysmith, Wisconsin
  • 1950 David Jensen, Canadian-British radio DJ, born in Victoria, British Columbia
  • 1951 Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, American Democratic politician and Lieutenant Governor of Maryland (1995-2003), born in Greenwich, Connecticut
  • 1952 Álvaro Uribe Vélez, Colombian politician (31st President of Colombia), born in Medellín, Colombia
  • 1957 Princess Chulabhorn of Thailand, the youngest daughter of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit, born in Amphorn Sathan Residential Hall Dusit Palace, Bangkok
  • 1961 Richard Allen Garriott, English-American computer game designer (Origin), born in Austin, Texas
  • 1965 Jo Whiley, English radio DJ, born in Northampton, United Kingdom
  • 1971 Koko, sign-language gorilla, born in San Francisco Zoo (San Francisco, California)
  • 1998 Malia Obama, American daughter of Barack and Michelle Obama, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 2003 Alessia di Matteo, Italian medical figure (1st person to survive the transplantion of eight organs in a single operation), born in Genoa, Italy (d. 2005)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1925 American writer ("Gone with the Wind") Margaret Mitchell (24) marries 2nd husband John Marsh (29)

LoveWedding of Interest

1931 Irish writer (Ulysses) James Joyce and Nora Barnacle finally marry in London registry office after meeting in 1904.

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce
  • 1973 British Army officer Andrew Parker Bowles (33) weds Camilla Rosemary Shand (26) at Guards Chapel in Birdcage Walk in London, England

LoveWedding of Interest

2008 Journalist and Diplomat Samantha Power (37) weds law professor Cass Sunstein (53) at Church of Mary Immaculate in County Kerry, Ireland

Journalist and Diplomat Samantha Power
Journalist and Diplomat
Samantha Power
  • 2010 "Survivor: Thailand" star Tanya Vance weds Joseph Luczaj in Maui, Hawaii

Deaths in History

  • 907 Luitpold, Margrave of Bavaria
  • 943 Taejo of Goryeo, ruler of Korea (b. 877)
  • 965 Pope Benedict V, Italian Roman Catholic Pope (b. unknown)
  • 973 Ulrich of Augsburg, German bishop (b. 890)
  • 1187 Reinoud van Châtillon, French prince of Antioch, dies
  • 1301 Willem II Berthout van Mechelen, bishop of Utrecht, dies in battle
  • 1307 Rudolf III, Duke of Austria/King of Bohemia dies
  • 1336 Elisabeth van Portugal, queen of Portugal/saint, dies at about 65
  • 1498 Filips van Burgundy, admiral-general of Netherlands, dies
  • 1541 Pedro de Alvarado, Spanish occupier, dies at about 56
  • 1546 Hayreddin Barbarossa, Admiral of the Ottoman Navy (b. 1478)
  • 1578 Charles de Berlaymont, baron of Hierges, gov/viceroy of Names, dies
  • 1627 Thomas Middleton, English playwright (A Game at Chess), dies at 47
  • 1648 Antoine Daniel, French Jesuit missionary and martyr, dies at 47
  • 1672 Govert D Camphuysen, (court)painter, dies at about 48
  • 1742 Luigi Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician and monk, dies at 70
  • 1754 Philippe Néricault Destouches, French dramatist and author, dies at 74
  • 1761 Samuel Richardson, English novelist (Pamela), dies at 71
  • 1768 Willem van Hairs, Fries nobleman and poet (Suicide), dies at 58
  • 1780 Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine, Imperial Army field marshal, dies at 67
  • 1787 Charles de Rohan, Prince de Soubise, Marshal of France, dies at 71
  • 1789 Cláudio Manuel da Costa, Brazilian poet, dies at 59
  • 1821 Richard Cosway, English portrait painter, dies at 78

Person of interestJohn Adams

1826 John Adams, 2nd US President (1797-1801), dies at 90

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams

Person of interestThomas Jefferson

1826 Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States(1801-09), dies at 83

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe

Person of interestKarl Ferdinand von Graefe

1840 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery dies at 53

  • 1848 Francois Rene de Chateaubriand, French novelist (Atala), dies at 79
  • 1850 William Kirby, English entomologist and original member of the Linnean Society and a Fellow of the Royal Society, dies at 90
  • 1854 Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German jurist, dies at 72
  • 1856 Istvan Ferenczi, Hungarian sculptor, dies at 64
  • 1857 William L. Marcy, American statesman, dies at 70
  • 1863 Paul Joseph Revere, American grandson of Paul Revere, Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 30
  • 1881 Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish statesman (b. 1806)
  • 1888 Theodor Storm, German judge and author (Immensee, Der Schimmelreiter), dies at 70
  • 1891 Hannibal Hamlin, American attorney and 15th Vice President of U.S. (1861-65), dies at 81
  • 1901 John Fiske [Edmund Fisk Green], American historian and philosopher, dies at 59
  • 1901 Julian Scott, American artist and Civil War Medal of Honor recipient, dies at 55
  • 1902 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, dies while meditating at 39
  • 1905 Élisée Reclus, French anarchist (b. 1830)
  • 1910 Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (discovered canals of Mars), dies at 75
  • 1910 Melville Fuller, American 8th Chief Justice of the United States, dies at 77
  • 1916 Alan Seeger, American war poet (b. 1888)
  • 1917 Johan H C Kern, Dutch linguist (Sanskreet), dies at 84
  • 1922 Lothar von Richthofen, German pilot, dies at 27
  • 1923 Florimond Fonteyne, Flemish priest/politician (Volkseeuw), dies at 67
  • 1926 Pier Giorgio Frassati, Italian Saint (b. 1901)
  • 1931 Emanuele F duke of Aosta, Italian WW I-general/fascist, dies at 62
  • 1931 Hussein ibn-Ali, sjarif Mecca/king/kalief of Hedzjaz (1917-24), dies
  • 1934 Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Jewish poet, dies at 61

Person of interestMarie Curie

1934 Marie Curie, Polish-French scientist who discovered radium and the 1st woman to win a Nobel Prize (1903, 1911), dies at 66

Physicist Marie Curie
Marie Curie
  • 1938 Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democrat, dies at 56
  • 1941 Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (b. 1881)
  • 1943 Władysław Sikorski, Polish World War II general and Prime Minister of Poland in exile (1939-43), killed in a plane crash at 62
  • 1946 Othenio Able, Austrian artist, fossil creator and founder of paleobiology, dies at 71
  • 1946 Gerda Steinhoff, Nazi concentration camp overseer (b. 1922)
  • 1948 Monteiro Lobato, Brazilian writer (b. 1882)
  • 1958 Adolf Herckenrath, Flemish playwright/poet (Avondvlam), dies at 79
  • 1963 Bernard Freyberg, Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1889)
  • 1966 Dorothy Aldis, American children's writer, dies at 70
  • 1970 Barnett Newman, American abstract expressionist painter (Black Fire I), dies at 65
  • 1971 Thomas C. Hart, U.S. admiral and commander (Pacific Fleet), dies at 94
  • 1971 August Derleth, American writer (Judge Peck Mysteries) and editor, dies of a heart attack at 62
  • 1974 Mohammed SA al-Hoesseini, Mufti of Jerusalem/pres Com Palestine, dies
  • 1974 Francis Bull, Norwegian writer (Norsk literature historian), dies at 86
  • 1975 Georgette Heyer, English novelist (Friday's Child), dies at 71
  • 1976 Antoni Słonimski, Polish poet (b. 1895)
  • 1976 Yonatan Netanyahu, Israel commander killed freeing Israeli hostages during Operation Entebbe in Uganda, at 30 years
  • 1977 Gersh Budker, Russian physicist (b. 1918)
  • 1980 Maurice Grevisse, Belgian grammarian (b. 1895)
  • 1982 Sylvestre A Guzman Fernandez, pres Dominican Rep, commits suicide
  • 1982 Terry Higgins, early British AIDS death (b. 1945)
  • 1985 John de Quay, Dutch premier (1959-63), dies at 83
  • 1986 Oscar Zariski, Russian mathematician (algebraic geometry), dies at 87
  • 1991 Victor Chang, Australian physician (b. 1936)
  • 1993 Felix White, choreographer (Black Vibrations Theatre), dies at 65
  • 1994 Arthur Berry, English artist and playwright, dies at 69
  • 1994 Juan Gil-Albert, Spanish poet and writer, dies at 90
  • 1994 Rupert Davies, English methodist scholar, dies at 84
  • 1994 Tawfik Ziad, Palestinian communist/Israeli MP/mayor of Nazareth, dies
  • 1995 Jacques Berque, French Islamic scholar, dies at 85
  • 1996 Leo Avery, abbot of Quarr, dies at 58
  • 1997 Amado Carrillo Fuentes, Mexican drug lord (Juárez Cartel), dies at 40
  • 1999 Leo Garel, American artist and cartoonist (b.1917)
  • 2000 Gustaw Herling-Grudzinski, Polish writer (b. 1919)
  • 2002 Benjamin O. Davis Jr., American general (b. 1912)
  • 2002 Mansoor Hekmat, Iranian politician (b. 1951)
  • 2002 Winnifred Quick, American Titanic survivor (b. 1904)
  • 2004 Frank Robinson (Xylophone Man), an eccentric street entertainer in Nottingham, England (b. 1932)
  • 2008 Charles Wheeler, British journalist (b. 1923)
  • 2008 Jesse Helms, American politician (b. 1921)
  • 2008 Thomas M. Disch, American sci-fi author (b. 1940)
  • 2009 Allen Klein, American record label executive (b. 1931)
  • 2009 Jean-Baptiste Tati Loutard, Congolese politician (b.1938)
  • 2010 Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah, Iraqi-born Lebanese Shiite Muslim cleric and Hezbollah mentor (b. 1935)
  • 2011 Otto von Habsburg, last crown prince of Austria-Hungary and MEP (1979-1999), dies at 98