On This Day

On This Day in History for July 8

Events in History

  • 939 The Major Occultation, or Ghaybat el-Kubra of Muhammad al-Mahdi
  • 1099 First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on

When The Bells Rang Out For FreedomWhen The Bells Rang Out For Freedom

1283 War of the Sicilian Vespers: Battle of Malta

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An artist's impression of the start of the War of the Vespers
An artist's impression of the start of the War of the Vespers
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama departs on his first voyage, becoming the 1st European to reach India by sea

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama
  • 1579 Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, was discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1663 King Charles II of England grants a charter to Rhode Island

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1672 William III is appointed stadholder by the States General in the Netherlands

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • 1680 The first confirmed tornado in America kills a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1693 NYC authorizes 1st police uniforms in American colonies
  • 1709 Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes, end of Swedish empire as a major power
  • 1716 Great Northern War: Battle of Dynekilen, a Danish-Norwegian force under Peter Tordenskjold traps and defeats Swedish force

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1731 Theologian Jonathan Edwards preaches his sermon "God Glorified in Man's Dependence" in Boston, later his first published sermon

Christian Preacher and Philosopher Jonathan Edwards
Christian Preacher and Philosopher
Jonathan Edwards
  • 1741 Theologian Jonathan Edwards preaches perhaps the most famous of all American sermons "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" at Enfield, Connecticut, part of the Great Awakening
  • 1758 British and Colonial assault on French forces at Fort Ticonderoga, New York

USAUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 Colonel John Nixon gives the 1st public reading of the Declaration of Independence to an assemblage of citizens in Philadelphia

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Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
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  • 1777 Independent Vermont introduces a new constitution, prohibiting slavery
  • 1778 George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army
  • 1792 France declares war on Prussia
  • 1796 US State Department issues 1st US passport
  • 1797 1st US senator (William Blount of Tennessee) expelled by impeachment
  • 1800 Dr Benjamin Waterhouse gives 1st cowpox vaccination in the US to his son to prevent smallpox
  • 1805 American Bill Richmond knocks out Jack Holmes, Kilburn Wells, England
  • 1816 Frost in Waltham, Massachusetts during "year without a summer"
  • 1822 Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom
  • 1833 Russia and Turkey sign defense treaty

USALiberty Bell

1835 Liberty Bell cracks (again)

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The Liberty Bell on its ornate stand, 1872
The Liberty Bell on its ornate stand, 1872
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 Charles Darwin reaches Saint Helena in HMS Beagle and takes up lodgings near the tomb of Napoleon

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1838 Arabs attack Jewish community of Safed
  • 1849 St Paul's Place in the Bronx named

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1853 Commodore Matthew C. Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay, opening Japan to Western influence and trade

Commodore of the US Navy Matthew C. Perry
Commodore of the US Navy
Matthew C. Perry
  • 1859 King Charles XV/Carl IV accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway
  • 1861 Confederate General Sibley is given command of rebel troops in New Mexico territory

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 US Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act signed by Abraham Lincoln (not enforced)

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1862 Theodore R. Timby is granted a US patent for discharging guns in a revolving turret, using electricity
  • 1864 The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi's planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya. This event is known as Ikedaya Jiken.
  • 1870 US Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
  • 1870 Governor Holden of North Carolina declares Casswell County to be in a state of insurrection
  • 1874 The Mounties (North West Mounted Police) begin their March West from Fort Dufferin
  • 1889 Wall Street Journal begins publishing
  • 1891 61°F, highest temperature for July 1891, in Baltimore and Philadelphia
  • 1892 American Psychological Association organized in Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 1892 St. John's, Newfoundland is devastated in the Great Fire of 1892
  • 1895 Delagoa Bay Railway opens in South Africa

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1896 William Jennings Bryan's "cross of gold" speech at Democratic convention in Chicago

US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan
US Secretary of State
William Jennings Bryan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Charles Tupper resigns as Prime Minister of Canada after losing the June 23rd election, his 69-day term the shortest in Canadian history

6th Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper
6th Prime Minister of Canada
Charles Tupper

BattleBattle of Interest

1898 US battle fleet under Admiral George Dewey occupies Isla Grande at Manila

Admiral George Dewey
George Dewey
  • 1898 The shooting death of crime boss Soapy Smith releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip
  • 1905 Part of Angel Island in San Francisco Bay allocated for Immigration Detention Center
  • 1905 The soldiers of the Russian battleship "Potemkin" who mutinied, surrender to Romanian authorities, who turn ship over to Russian authorities soon after
  • 1907 Florenz Ziegfeld staged 1st `Follies' on NY Theater roof
  • 1908 Uprisings spread throughout Turkey
  • 1911 Nan Aspinwall is 1st woman to make solo transcontinenal trip by horse
  • 1912 G E V Crutchley (Oxford) 99 retired measles v Cambridge
  • 1912 Giants Rube Marquard loses after winning 21 straight

InventionHistoric Invention

1913 Alfred Carlton Gilbert's patent for the Erector Set is issued, it becomes one of the most popular toys of all time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 The Germans reply to US President Woodrow Wilson's second Lusitania note by saying that Americans may sail on clearly marked neutral ships, but Germany does not deal with Wilson's other demands

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Warren G. Harding becomes 1st sitting US President to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla)

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1923 Walter Mittelholzer flies Junkers F-13 to Spitsbergen/Oostland
  • 1932 Depression low point of Dow Jones Industrial Average, 41.22
  • 1932 Herbert Sutcliffe scores his 100th 100, Yorkshire v Gloucshire
  • 1933 Public Works Administration becomes effective
  • 1941 All Jews living in Baltic States are obligated to wear a Jewish Star
  • 1943 4th day of battle at Kursk: General Model uses last tank reserve
  • 1943 British air raid sinks U-232

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1943 Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Dutch National Socialist Movement) leader Anton Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1943 US invasion fleet passes Bizerta Tunisia
  • 1944 British troops march into Caen, Normandy
  • 1944 Japanese kamikaze attacks on US lines at Saipan
  • 1947 Demolition begins for UN HQ in NYC
  • 1947 Reports are broadcast that a UFO has crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico
  • 1948 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow
  • 1949 South Africa's Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act commences, prohibiting marriage or a sexual relationship between White people and people of other races [1]
  • 1950 33.4 cm rain fall at York, Nebraska (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 General Douglas MacArthur named commander-in-chief of UN forces in Korea

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1950 Leroy Deans awarded first Order of Purple Heart in Korea
  • 1953 US stops aid to Persia
  • 1954 Military junta selects colonel Armas President of Guatemala
  • 1956 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Irish premier Eamon de Valera arrests Sinn Féin leaders

Revolutionary and President of Ireland Éamon de Valera
Revolutionary and President of Ireland
Éamon de Valera

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1957 First Pugwash Conference, the "Thinkers Lodge" held on nuclear disarmament at Pugwash, Nova Scotia, Canada, founded by Joseph Rotblat and hosted by Cyrus Eaton

Steel Magnate Cyrus Eaton
Steel Magnate
Cyrus Eaton
  • 1961 Fred Trueman takes 5-0 in 24 balls to rip through Aussies
  • 1961 Portuguese steamer "Save" breaks up off Mozambique, 227 die
  • 1963 Reports of Charlie Finley's intention to move KC A's to Oakland
  • 1963 US bans all monetary transactions with Cuba
  • 1966 US airline strike (until Aug 19th)
  • 1966 King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi is deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi
  • 1967 Helen Weston of Detroit rolls a record 4,585 in 24 games
  • 1968 Israeli-Egyptian artillery duel along Suez Canal
  • 1969 US troop withdrawal begins in Vietnam
  • 1969 IBM CICS is made generally available for the 360 mainframe computer
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 During street disturbances, British soldiers shoot dead two Catholic civilians in Free Derry; riots erupt, the Social Democratic and Labour Party withdraw from Stormont in protest
  • 1972 US sells grain to USSR for $750 million
  • 1974 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Israeli premier Yitzhak Rabin visits West Germany

5th Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin
5th Prime Minister of Israel
Yitzhak Rabin

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1975 US President Gerald Ford announced he'll seek Republican presidential nomination

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1975 Quake damages over 2,000 temples in Pagan Burma, 20-foot-high seated Buddha of Thandawgya decapitated
  • 1976 Randy Jones wins NL record 16 games before All Star break
  • 1977 Sabra Starr finishes longest recorded belly dance (100 hrs)

Birthdays in History

  • 1528 Emanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy/governor of Netherland
  • 1545 Don Carlos, son of Spanish King Philip II
  • 1593 Artemisia Gentileschi, Italian baroque painter, born in Rome (d. 1653)
  • 1621 Jean de la Fontaine, French poet (Fables), born in Château-Thierry, Aisne, France (d. 1695)
  • 1760 Christian Kramp, French mathematician (d. 1826)
  • 1766 Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (d. 1842)
  • 1792 Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, queen of Bavaria (d. 1854)
  • 1809 Ljudwit Gaj, Croatian writer/poet (Pjesma iz Zagorja)
  • 1819 Alexander Hays, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Franklin, Pennsylvania (d. 1864)
  • 1819 Francis Leopold McClintock, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1907)
  • 1821 Jozef Lies, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp (d. 1865)
  • 1821 William Harvey Lamb Wallace, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Urbana, Ohio (d. 1862)
  • 1824 Waldimir "Kriz" Krzyzanowski, Polish-American engineer, politician, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland (d. 1887)
  • 1826 Benjamin Henry Grierson, American Major General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1911)
  • 1826 Robert Kingston Scott, American governor of South Carolina (1868-1872) and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania (d. 1900)
  • 1829 Pierre A Vicomte de Ponson du Terrail, French serial writer
  • 1830 Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)
  • 1830 Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna of Altenburg (d. 1911)

Person of interestJohn Pemberton

1831 John Pemberton, American pharmacist (inventor of Coca-Cola), born in Knoxville, Georgia (d. 1888)

Pharmacist and Inventor of Coca-Cola John Pemberton
Pharmacist and Inventor of Coca-Cola
John Pemberton
  • 1836 Joseph Chamberlain, British minister of Commerce/Colonies

Person of interestFerdinand von Zeppelin

1838 Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German general and inventor (rigid dirigibles) who founded the Zeppelin airship company, born in Konstanz, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany (d. 1917)

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin

Person of interestJohn D. Rockefeller

1839 John D. Rockefeller, American industrialist and founder of Standard Oil, born in Richford, New York (d. 1937)

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • 1844 Mary Johnson Lincoln, educator (Boston Cooking School)
  • 1851 Arthur J Evans, English archaeologist (Crete)
  • 1857 Alfred Binet, French child psychologist who invented the first practical IQ test (Binet–Simon test), born in Nice, France (d. 1911)
  • 1867 Kathe Kollwitz, German print maker/sculptor (Bauernkrieg)
  • 1869 William V Moody, American poet (Death of Eve, Faith Healer)
  • 1870 Marie C of Zeggelen, Dutch novelist (Koloniaaltje)
  • 1871 Kornelis ter Laan, 1st Dutch socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • 1877 Elin Pelin [Dimitar Ivanov Stoyanov], Bulgarian writer (The Gerak Family; Earth), of Bailovo, Ottoman Empire (d. 1949)
  • 1882 John Anderson, 1st Viscount Waverley, British civil servant, politician and Chancellor of the Exchequer (1943-45), born in Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1958)
  • 1885 Emil Bloch, German philosopher
  • 1890 Walter Hasenvlever, German writer, born in Aachen (d. 1940)
  • 1891 Elisabeth Zernike, Dutch writer (Poor Part, Bruidstijd)
  • 1891 Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Working Day)
  • 1892 Richard Aldington, writer
  • 1892 Pavel Korin, Russian painter (d. 1967)
  • 1893 Fritz Perls, father of Gestalt therapy
  • 1894 Clemens VI Trefois, Flemish architect/sociologist
  • 1895 Anton G J van de Velde, Flemish writer/director (God & the Worms)
  • 1898 Alec Waugh, English novelist (Island in the Sun); brother of Evelyn, born in London, England (d. 1981)
  • 1899 David Eli Lilienthal, US government organizer (Wisconsin)
  • 1901 Donald Benjamin Harden, archaeologist
  • 1904 Henri Cartan, French mathematician, born in Nancy (d. 2008)
  • 1906 Philip Johnson, Cortalyou architect, born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1907 George W Romney, (Gov-R-Mich)/US Secretary of HUD (1969-73)

Person of interestNelson Rockefeller

1908 Nelson Rockefeller, American politician (Vice President: 1974-1977; Governor of New York (R), 1959-73), born in Bar Harbor, Maine (d. 1979)

Businessman and US Vice President Nelson Rockefeller
Businessman and US Vice President
Nelson Rockefeller
  • 1909 Petar Segedin, Croatian novelist (Holy Devil)
  • 1910 Govan AM Mbeki, South African leader (ANC/SACP)
  • 1914 Jyoti Basu, Indian politician
  • 1919 Walter Scheel, German politician, West German Foreign Minister and President, born in Solingen (d. 2016)
  • 1920 Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group) (d. 1995)
  • 1926 Elizabeth Kubler-Ross, Swiss-American author and psychiatrist (On Death and Dying), born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 2004)
  • 1926 John Dingell, American politician (D-Michigan, 1955-2015), born in Colorado Springs, Colorado (d. 2019)
  • 1927 Maurice Hayes, Irish politician
  • 1928 Carol Henry, choreographer (Garry Moore Show), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1929 Shirley Ann Grau, author (Keepers of the House)
  • 1930 Valeri Aleksandrovich Yazdovsky, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1933 Antonio Lamer, French Canadian lawyer and chief justice
  • 1934 Ed Lumley, Canadian corporate executive and former politician
  • 1935 Vitali Ivanovich Sevastiyanov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 9, 18B)
  • 1938 Marian Ackerman, women's rights advocacy administrator
  • 1942 Phil Gramm, (Sen-R Texas, 1985- )
  • 1943 Faye Wattleton, sociologist/pres (Planned Parenthood), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • 1945 Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss politician
  • 1947 Luis Fernando Figari, Peruvian founder of Sodalitium Christianae Vitae
  • 1947 Jenny Diski, English writer (Stranger on a Train), born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1949 Wolfgang Puck, Austrian-born celebrity chef, born in Sankt Veit an der Glan, Austria
  • 1952 Anna Quindlen, American columnist
  • 1952 Marianne Williamson, American writer (Return to Love), spiritual leader, human rights and peace activist, born in Houston, Texas
  • 1958 Tzipi Livni, Israeli politician, born in Tel Aviv
  • 1958 Andreas Carlgren, Swedish politician
  • 1964 Maryalice Demler, TV journalist and anchor, Miss New York (1991), born in North Tonawanda, New York
  • 1968 Akio Suyama, Japanese seiyu
  • 1973 Vijay Shekhar Sharma, Indian founder and CEO of mobile payments company Paytm, born in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh
  • 1992 Taylor Maine Pearl Brooks, daughter of country singer Garth Brooks and Sandy Mahl, born inn Nashville, Tennessee

Weddings in History

  • 1290 Princess Margaret (15), daughter of Edward I of England marries John II of Brabant at Westminster Abbey
  • 1551 Willem of Orange weds countess Anna van Egmond & Buren

LoveWedding of Interest

1800 Prime Minister of UK George Canning (30) weds heiress Joan Scott

British Prime Minister George Canning
British Prime Minister
George Canning

LoveWedding of Interest

1830 Magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin (24) weds Josèphe Cecile

LoveWedding of Interest

1835 Mathematician Ada Lovelace [Ada Byron] (19) weds Earl of Lovelace, William King (30)

Mathematician and Computer Programmer Ada Lovelace
Mathematician and Computer Programmer
Ada Lovelace

LoveWedding of Interest

1891 Future US President Warren G. Harding (25) weds publisher Florence DeWolfe (30) in Marion, Ohio

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1972 English prince Richard marries Birgitte of Deurs (Henriksen)

Deaths in History

  • 810 Pepin, son of Charlemagne, King of Italy, dies (birth date unknown)
  • 975 Edgar, King of England (959-75), dies
  • 1115 Peter the Hermit, French priest, led the People's Crusade, dies at about 64
  • 1153 Eugene III [Bernardo], Italian Pope (1145-53), dies
  • 1253 Thibaud IV, poet/count of Champagne/King of Navarra, dies
  • 1496 Benedetto Bonfiglio, Italian painter, dies
  • 1531 Tilman Riemenschneider, German sculptor, dies at 71

BattleDiego de Almagro

1538 Diego de Almagro, Spanish conquistador of Chile and Peru, executed at Las Salinas at about 63

Conquistador Diego de Almagro
Diego de Almagro
  • 1623 Gregory XV [Alessandro Ludovisi], bishop of Bologna/Pope, dies at 69
  • 1656 Alexander van der Capellen, mister of Aartsbergen, dies at about 64
  • 1679 Samuel J Columbus, Swedish poet (Odae Sveticae), dies
  • 1689 Edward Wooster, English Connecticut pioneer (b. 1622)
  • 1695 Christiaan Huygens, Dutch mathematician, astronomer (discovered Saturn's rings) and scientist (dynamics), dies at 66
  • 1716 Robert South, English churchman (b. 1634)
  • 1721 Elihu Yale, English merchant and philanthropist (benefactor of Yale University), dies at 72
  • 1726 John Ker, Scottish spy (b. 1673)
  • 1784 Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (b. 1735)
  • 1788 Armand de Vignerot du Plessis, French marshal and statesman, 3rd Duke of Richilieu, dies at 92
  • 1822 Percy Bysshe Shelley, English romantic poet (Adonais; Prometheus Unbound), drowns at 29
  • 1826 Luther Martin, American statesman (b. 1748)
  • 1850 Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774)
  • 1855 William Parry, English Arctic explorer (Parry Channel), dies at 64
  • 1859 Oscar I, King of Sweden and Norway (1844-59), dies at 60
  • 1863 Francis Kenrick, Irish-American Archbishop of Baltimore (1851-63), dies at 65
  • 1870 John D Zocher Jr, architect (Soestdijk Palace), dies at 79
  • 1895 Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (b. 1821)
  • 1898 Soapy Smith, American con artist (b. 1860)
  • 1909 Gaston AA marquis de Gallifet, Fren min of War (1899-1900), dies at 79
  • 1911 Ira Erastus Davenport, American magician, claimed to be a spirit medium, dies at 51
  • 1913 Louis Hémon, French novelist (Maria Chapdelaine), dies at 32
  • 1917 Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (b. 1877)
  • 1930 Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (1906-12), dies at 74
  • 1933 Anthony Hope, British author (b. 1863)
  • 1934 Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer, dies at 1934
  • 1939 [Henry] Havelock Ellis, English sexologist (Man & Woman), dies at 80
  • 1941 Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (b. 1874)
  • 1943 Harry Oakes, Canadian ruler of Bahamas, murdered
  • 1943 Jean Moulin, French hero of the Résistance during World War II, executed at 44
  • 1943 Guillermo Valencia, Colombian poet, translator and statesman, dies at 69
  • 1949 Antun Sa'ada, Syrian rightwing politician, executed in Lebanon
  • 1950 Othmar Spann, Austrian economist and sociologist (Wahre State), dies at 71
  • 1956 Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart, dutch min of Justice (Nobel 54), dies
  • 1956 Giovanni Papini, Italian author/poet (Un Uomo Finito), dies at 75
  • 1957 Grace Goodhue Coolidge, American First Lady (1923-29), dies at 78
  • 1957 William Adlington Cadbury, English chocolate maker, dies at 89
  • 1959 Dale Buisand & Chester Ovnand killed in Viet Cong attack, becoming the second and third Americans killed in the Vietnam War
  • 1962 Georges Bataille, French writer and philosopher (b. 1897)

Person of interestFatima Jinnah

1967 Fatima Jinnah, Mother of Pakistan, sister and close adviser of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, dies officially of a heart failure at 73 but rumors of foul play by the military junta persist

Mother of Pakistan Fatima Jinnah
Mother of Pakistan
Fatima Jinnah
  • 1969 Charmian Clift, Australian writer and essayist, dies at 45
  • 1977 Rie Cramer, Dutch writer and illustrator, dies at 89
  • 1979 Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1906)
  • 1979 Robert B. Woodward, American organic chemist (Nobel 1965), dies at 62
  • 1982 Virginia Hall [Goillot], American spy with British Special Operations during WWII (1940-1966), dies at 76
  • 1984 Brassaï [Gyula Halász], Hungarian-French artist, dies at 84
  • 1985 Gardner Cowles Jr, US publisher (Look Magazine), dies at 82
  • 1985 Simon Kuznets, American economist (Nobel 1971), dies at 84
  • 1987 Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (Versos humanos), dies at 90
  • 1987 Lionel Chevrier, Canadian politician (Canadian Member of Parliament), dies at 84

Person of interestKim Il-sung

1994 Kim Il-sung, Founder, dictator and Supreme Leader of North-Korea (1948-94), dies of a heart attack at 82

North Korean Founder and Dictator Kim Il-sung
North Korean Founder and Dictator
Kim Il-sung
  • 1994 Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American entrepreneur and explorer (b. 1927)
  • 1995 Elizabeth Adams, madam, dies at 65
  • 1996 Amschel Rothschild, British banker (executive chairman of Rothschild Asset Management of the Rothschild banking family of England), dies at 41
  • 1996 Ernest Armstrong, British politician (L) and teacher, dies at 81
  • 1996 Thomas Mitchell, architect and engineer, dies at 90
  • 1999 Pete Conrad, American astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 2000 FM-2030 [Fereidoun M. Esfandiary], Iranian-American author and transhumanist (Are You a Transhuman?), dies at 69
  • 2004 Paula Danziger, American author (b. 1944)
  • 2007 Chandra Shekhar, Indian politician, 8th Prime Minister of India (1990-91), dies at 80
  • 2011 Mary Fenech Adami, First Lady of Malta (b. 1933)

Person of interestBetty Ford

2011 Betty Ford, First Lady of the United States (1974-77) and founder of the Betty Ford Center clinic, dies at 93

US First Lady Betty Ford
US First Lady
Betty Ford
  • 2015 James Tate, American poet (Pulitzer Prize 1992), dies at 71
  • 2016 Abdul Sattar Edhi, Pakistani philanthropist (Edhi Foundation), dies at 88
  • 2016 William H. McNeill, Canadian-born historian (Rise of the West), dies at 98