On This Day

On This Day in History for July 9

Events in History

  • 455 Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed emperor of the Western Roman Empire
  • 660 Battle of Hwangsanbeol: At Nonsan, China a 50,000 strong Silla force led by general Kim Yu-shin annihilate the army of Baekje and kill their leader general Gyebaek
  • 711 Berbers under Tarik-ibn Ziyad occupy North Spain
  • 1357 Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor assists laying the foundation stone of Charles Bridge in Prague
  • 1371 Pope Gregory XI names Arnold II of Horne as bishop of Utrecht
  • 1386 Battle at Sempach: Swiss beat duke Leopold III of Austria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1401 Turko-Mongol ruler Tamerlane (Timur) destroys Baghdad, killing 20,000

Turkic Conqueror Tamerlane
Turkic Conqueror
  • 1517 Gelderse crowd robber murders population of Asperen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1536 French navigator Jacques Cartier returns to Saint-Malo from Canada

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier
  • 1541 Estevão da Gama departs Massawa, leaving behind 400 matchlock men and 150 slaves under his brother Christovão da Gama, with orders to help the Emperor of Ethiopia defeat Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi who has invaded his Empire
  • 1553 Battle at Sievershausen: Saxons-Brunwick alliance led by Elector Maurice defeat forces of Margrave Albert Alcibiades of Brandenburg-Bayreuth in a bloody battle with 4,000 killed
  • 1572 19 Catholic priests hanged in Gorcum
  • 1609 Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemian protestants freedom of religion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1672 William III inaugurated as viceroy of Holland and Zealand

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • 1686 Germany, Sweden and Spain sign anti-French League of Augsburg

BattleBattle of Interest

1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie's warship Elisabeth battles HMS Lion

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1755 Battle of Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh): French troops beat British
  • 1755 British General Edward Braddock mortally wounded during Battle of Fort Duquesne during French and Indian War
  • 1766 British premier Marquess of Rockingham resigns

USAUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 Declaration of Independence is read to George Washington's troops in New York

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Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
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  • 1780 Denmark declares neutrality, joining First League of Armed Neutrality to protect shipping
  • 1789 French Revolution: the National Assembly renames itself the National Constituent Assembly
  • 1790 Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund - in the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet
  • 1795 James Swan pays off the $2,024,899 US national debt
  • 1800 Mt Vernon Gardens becomes site of 1st summer theater in US

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1807 Second Treaty of Tilsit signed by France, Russia and Prussia

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1810 Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 King Louis XVIII leaves Ghent for France

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord takes office as the first Prime Minister of France

Politician and Diplomat Talleyrand
Politician and Diplomat

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1816 Argentina declares independence from Spain at the Congress of Tucumán

Argentine Politician and Military Leader Manuel Belgrano
Argentine Politician and Military Leader
Manuel Belgrano
  • 1846 Captain John B. Montgomery claims Yerba Buena (San Francisco) for US
  • 1846 The territory of the District of Columbia south of the Potomac River (39 mi² or about 100 km²) is returned to Virginia through an Act of Congress
  • 1852 Fire destroys 1,100 construction sites in Montreal, Canada
  • 1853 Commodore Matthew Perry and four US Navy vessels visit Japan to force them to open up to American trade and end their policy of isolation
  • 1860 Temperature hits 115°F in Fort Scott and 112°F in Topeka, Kansas
  • 1862 General John Hunt Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Kentucky
  • 1863 John Hunt Morgan's cavalry aid into Indiana [->JUL 13]
  • 1863 Union troops enter Port Hudson
  • 1864 Battle of Monocacy, Maryland, confederate forces led by Lieutenant General Jubal Early

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1867 An unsuccessful expedition led by E.D Young sets out to search for Dr David Livingstone (Scottish missionary and explorer)

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1868 1st African American cabinet member in South Carolina, Francis L Cardozo as Secretary of State
  • 1868 Louisiana and South Carolina are the last states to ratify the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution, guaranteeing civil rights
  • 1872 Doughnut cutter patents granted to John Blondel, Thomaston, Maine
  • 1878 American inventor Henry Tibbe patents an improved corncob pipe design

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1893 Daniel Williams repairs the torn pericardium of a knife wound patient, James Cornish, without penicillin or blood transfusion

Heart Surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart Surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • 1900 The Commonwealth of Australia is established by the British House of Commons
  • 1908 CHU (Christian Historic Union) Dutch political party forms
  • 1910 Walter Brookins, flying a Wright biplane over Atlantic City, New Jersey, becomes 1st to fly an airplane to an altitude of 1 mile (actually reaching 6,175 feet or 1.169 miles) [1]
  • 1914 1st US duplicate auction bridge championship held, Lake Placid, NY
  • 1915 Germany surrenders South West Africa to Union of South Africa
  • 1916 1st cargo submarine to cross Atlantic arrives in US from Germany

Historic CommunicationHMS Vanguard Disaster

1917 British battleship HMS Vanguard explodes at Scapa Flow (the result of an internal explosion of faulty cordite), killing 804

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HMS Vanguard in 1909
HMS Vanguard in 1909
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  • 1918 101 killed and 171 injured in worst US train wreck, Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1918 US Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal (not to be confused with other countries' decorations of the same name)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Chiang Kai-shek appointed to national-revolutionary supreme commander in China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1926 Coup under General Sinel de Cordes in Portugal
  • 1927 William T Francis named US minister to Liberia
  • 1932 The state of São Paulo revolts against the Brazilian federal government, starting the Constitutionalist Revolution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 SS-Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler takes command of German Concentration Camps

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1940 German Evangelist Church protests against euthanasia pogroms
  • 1941 Dutch-American Physicist Abraham Pais is awarded his Ph.D. in Holland five days before a Nazi deadline banning Jews from receiving degrees
  • 1943 5th day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Verchopenje
  • 1943 British air raid sinks U-435
  • 1944 In World War II, US troops secure Saipan as Japan falls
  • 1944 U-740 sunk by depth charges from a British Liberator aircraft

HeartEngagement of Interest

1947 Engagement of Britain's Princess Elizabeth and Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten

Duke of Edinburgh Prince Philip
Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Philip

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Spain votes for Franco monarchy

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1950 13.15" (33.40 cm) of rainfall, York, Nebraska (state 24-hour record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 US President Harry Truman asks Congress to formally end state of war with Germany

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1953 1st helicopter passenger service (NYC)
  • 1955 E. Frederic Morrow is the first African American executive on US White House staff
  • 1955 Strike in Belgium for 5 day work week

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 The Russell-Einstein Manifesto is released by Bertrand Russell in London on the need to avoid nuclear war

Philosopher Bertrand Russell
Bertrand Russell
Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1957 Discovery of element 102 (Nobelium) announced
  • 1958 Giant splash caused by fall of 90 million tons of rock & ice into Lituya Bay, Alaska washes 1,800 feet up the mountain
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Andy Warhol's first West Coast gallery exhibition in the Ferus Gallery of Los Angeles

Pop Artist Andy Warhol
Pop Artist
Andy Warhol
  • 1963 Crusher Lisowski beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1965 John Edrich completes 310* v NZ in 532 minutes, 52 fours 5 sixes
  • 1965 Senators Frank Howard ties record with 7 strikeouts in DH
  • 1968 15.68" (39.83 cm) of rainfall, Columbus, Mississippi (state 24-hour record)
  • 1970 In Atlanta, Chief-No-ka-homa is joined by cousin Chief Round-the-Horn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Henry Kissinger visits the People's Republic of China to negotiate a detente between the US and China

US Secretary of State and Political Scientist Henry Kissinger
US Secretary of State and Political Scientist
Henry Kissinger
  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Kwame Nkrumah, re-buried in Nkroful, Ghana

First President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah
  • 1972 Springhill Massacre: British snipers shoot dead five Catholic civilians and wounded two others in Springhill, Belfast
  • 1972 The ceasefire between the Provisional IRA and the British Army comes to an end
  • 1973 9th Maccabiah games opens in Tel Aviv, Israel

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1974 Pierre Trudeau's Liberal Party wins Canadian parliamentary election

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • 1975 The National Assembly of Senegal passes a law that paves way for a (albeit highly restricted) multi-party system
  • 1976 England all out for 71 v WI at Old Trafford, Holding 14 5-7-17-5
  • 1976 Houston Astro Larry Dierker no-hits Montreal Expos, 6-0
  • 1976 Uganda asks UN to condemn Israeli hostage rescue raid on Entebbe
  • 1978 American Nazi Party holds a rally at Marquette Park, Chicago
  • 1978 Nearly 100,000 demonstrators march on Washington, D.C. for ERA
  • 1979 Dr Walter Massey named director of Argonne National Laboratory

USAVoyager 2 Spacecraft

1979 Voyager 2 flies past Jupiter

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NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft launched atop its Titan/Centaur-7 launch vehicle
NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft launched atop its Titan/Centaur-7 launch vehicle
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  • 1979 A car bomb destroys a Renault owned by famed "Nazi hunters" Serge and Beate Klarsfeld at their home in France. A note purportedly from ODESSA claims responsibility.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 7 die in a stampede to see Pope John Paul II in Brazil

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 Dutch war criminal Pieter Menten sentenced to 10 years

War Criminal Pieter Menten
War Criminal
Pieter Menten

Birthdays in History

  • 1511 Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg, Queen of Denmark and Norway, born in Lauenburg Castle, Germany (d. 1571)
  • 1513 John van Hembyze, Flemish Calvinist, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1584)
  • 1577 Thomas West, 3rd & 12th Baron De La Warr, English Jamestown colonist and Governor of Virginia, born in Wherwell, Hampshire, England (d. 1618)

Person of interestFerdinand II

1578 Ferdinand II, King of Bohemia & Hungary and German Emperor (1619-37), born in Graz, Austria (d. 1637)

Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II
  • 1589 John of Saint Thomas [Juan Poinset], Portuguese theologist, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1644)
  • 1654 Emperor Reigen, 112th Emperor of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1732)
  • 1689 Alexis Piron, French dramatist (La Métromanie), born in Dijon, France (d. 1773)
  • 1721 Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet (Die Mädcheninsel), born in Worms, Germany (d. 1781)
  • 1753 William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, Governor of Newfoundland, born in England (d. 1825)
  • 1764 Ann Radcliffe, English Gothic novelist (The Mysteries of Udolpho, The Romance of the Forest), born in London (d. 1823)
  • 1766 Johanna Schopenhauer, German writer and mother of Arthur Schopenhauer, born in Gdańsk, Royal Prussia, Crown of the Kingdom of Poland (d. 1838)
  • 1766 Jacob Perkins, American inventor (father of the refrigerator), born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1849)
  • 1775 Matthew Lewis, English novelist (The Monk), born in London (d. 1818)
  • 1777 Henry Hallam, British lawyer and historian (d. 1859)
  • 1786 Sophie Hélène Béatrix, Princess of France, daughter of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette, born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1787)
  • 1800 Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German pathologist, born in Fürth, Bavaria (d. 1885)
  • 1802 Thomas Davenport, American inventor (invented 1st commercial electric motor), born in Williamstown, Vermont (d. 1851)
  • 1808 Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier, born in Mason County, Kentucky (d. 1887)

Person of interestElias Howe

1819 Elias Howe, American inventor (invented sewing machine), born in Spencer, Massachusetts (d. 1867)

Inventor Elias Howe
Elias Howe
  • 1825 Jules Oppert, French-German Assyriologist (decodes characters), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1828 Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman and last surviving cardinal of Pius IX, born in Bene Vagienna, Italy (d. 1913)
  • 1831 Johan Philip van der Kellen, Dutch stamp cutter, lithographer and writer, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1906)
  • 1836 Camille de Renesse, Belgian nobleman and entrepreneur, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1904)
  • 1848 Robert I, Duke of Parma, last ruling Duke of Parma, born in Florence, Tuscany (d. 1907)
  • 1856 Daniel Guggenheim, American mining magnate and philanthropist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1930)
  • 1857 Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden (1907-18), born in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden (d. 1928)
  • 1858 Franz Boas, German-American anthropologist and linguist (Mind of Primitive Man), born in Minden, Westphalia, Prussia (d. 1942)
  • 1879 Friedrich Adler, Austrian socialist politician, revolutionary and murderer of premier Storgkh, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1960)
  • 1879 Carlos Chagas, Brazilian sanitary physician, born in Oliveira, Minas Gerais, Empire of Brazil (d. 1934)
  • 1887 Samuel Eliot Morison, American historian (Admiral of the Ocean Sea), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1976)
  • 1889 Léo Dandurand, American-Canadian hockey executive, born in Bourbonnais, Illinois (d. 1964)
  • 1894 Pyotr Kapitsa, Russian physicist (Nobel Prize 1978), born in Kronshtadt, Russian Empire (d. 1984)
  • 1898 Gerard Walschap, Flemish writer (Mary, Revolt in Congo), born in Londerzeel, Belgium (d. 1989)
  • 1901 Barbara Cartland, English romance author (Camfield #69), born in Edgbaston, Birmingham, England (d. 2000)
  • 1902 Gerhard Pohl, German writer (Crazy Ferdinand), born in Trachenberg, Silesia (d. 1966)
  • 1905 Myles Horton, American educator and Civil Rights Movement teacher, born in Savannah, Tennessee (d. 1990)
  • 1906 Beene Dubbelboer, Dutch writer (Secret Resistance), born in Tweede Exloërmond, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • 1908 Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher, born in Hyderabad, India (d. 1973)
  • 1911 Simon Fraser [Shimi], Lord Lovat, Scottish 25th head of clan Fraser and cattle breeder, born in Inverness, Scotland (d. 1995)
  • 1911 Mervyn Peake, British writer and illustrator (Gormenghast books), born in Lushan District, Jiangxi, China (d. 1968)
  • 1911 John Archibald Wheeler, American physicist (first American involved in the theoretical development of the atomic bomb), born in Jacksonville, Florida (d. 2008)
  • 1914 Willi Stoph, German politician (Prime Minister of German Democratic Republic 1964-73), born in Schöneberg, Berlin, Germany (d. 1999)

Person of interestEdward Heath

1916 Edward Heath, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1970-74), born in Broadstairs, England (d. 2005)

British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath
  • 1918 Rowley Israel Arenstein, South African attorney and communist
  • 1919 Peggy Braithwaite, lighthouse-keeper, born on Piel Island (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Jacob J. Hage, Dutch farmer and WW II resistance fighter
  • 1922 Hassan II [Mawlāy al-Ḥasan Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf], King of Morocco (1961-99), born in Rabat, Morocco (d. 1999)
  • 1925 Peter Ludwig, German businessman and art collector, born in Koblenz, Germany (d. 1996)
  • 1925 Tom Luken, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 2018)
  • 1926 Ben Roy Mottelson, American-Danish physicist (Nobel 1975), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1926 Murphy Anderson, American comic artist (DC Comics), born in Asheville, North Carolina (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Mathilde Krim, American medical researcher and founding chairman of amfAR (Foundation for AIDS Research), born in Como, Italy (d. 2018)
  • 1932 Donald Rumsfeld, American politician (US Congress, 1963-69; Nixon Whitehouse, 1969-74; Secretary of Defense, 1975-77 & 2001-06), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2021)
  • 1933 Oliver Sacks, English Neurologist and author (Awakenings), born in London (d. 2015)

Person of interestMichael Graves

1934 Michael Graves, American postmodernist architect, born in Indianapolis, Indiana

Architect Michael Graves
Michael Graves
  • 1935 Wim [Willem Frederik] Duisenberg, Dutch Minister of Finance (PvdA), born in Heerenveen, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • 1936 June Jordan, Caribbean-American playwright and poet (His Own Where), born in Harlem, New York (d. 2002)

Person of interestDavid Hockney

1937 David Hockney, English artist (Pop Art), born in Bradford, England

  • 1941 James Scott, director (Strike it Rich)
  • 1941 Scotty Baesler, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Kentucky), born in Lexington, Kentucky
  • 1942 Hermann Burger, Swiss poet and writer, born in Menziken, Switzerland (d. 1989)
  • 1942 Paul B. Henry, American professor of political science and politician from the U.S. state of Michigan, born in Chicago, Illinois (d.1993)
  • 1943 John H. Casper, USAF and astronaut (STS 36, 54, 62, 77), born in Greenville, South Carolina
  • 1944 Glen Cook, American sci-fi author (Shadowline, Star's End), born in NYC, New York
  • 1945 Dean Koontz, American sci-fi author (Star Quest, Beastchild), born in Everett, Pennsylvania
  • 1945 Lewis F. Payne Jr., American politician (Rep-D-Virginia), born in Amherst, Virginia
  • 1945 Root Boy Slim [Foster MacKenzie III], American entertainer, born in Asheville, North Carolina (d. 1993)
  • 1946 Joe Micelli, American rocker, born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • 1948 Hassan Wirajuda, Indonesian politician (15th Foreign Minister of Indonesia), born in Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia

Person of interestViktor Yanukovych

1950 Viktor Yanukovych, Ukrainian politician (President of Ukraine from 2010 until overthrow in 2014 revolution), born in Yenakiyevo, Ukraine

President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych
President of Ukraine
Viktor Yanukovych
  • 1953 Dave Camp, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan), born in Midland, Michigan
  • 1953 Irina D Latysheva, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1953 Thomas Ligotti, American author (Songs of a Dead Dreamer), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1955 Sergei Krichevsky, Ukrainian cosmonaut, born in Primorya, Russia
  • 1957 Tim Kring, American writer and producer, born in El Dorado County, California
  • 1959 Clive Stafford Smith, British human-rights lawyer, born in Cambridge
  • 1960 Christopher J "Gus" Loria, Major USMC/astronaut, born in Newton, Massachusetts
  • 1960 Wanda Vazquez, Puerto Rico attorney and Governor of Puerto Rio (2019-), born in San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • 1965 Jason Rhoades, American installation artist (d. 2006)
  • 1967 Gunnar Axén, Swedish politician
  • 1968 Lars Gyllenhaal, Swedish author
  • 1970 Masami Tsuda, Japanese manga author
  • 1971 Marc Andreessen, American software developer
  • 1974 Sian Berry, British politician (Green Part), born in Cheltenham, England
  • 1982 Ashly DelGrosso, American ballroom dancer
  • 1982 Alecko Eskandarian, Armenian-American footballer
  • 1986 Dominic Cervi, American footballer

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1735 Author, poet, critic and lexicographer and writer of the first English dictionary Dr. Samuel Johnson (25) marries the widow Elizabeth "Tetty" Porter, 21 years his senior

Scholar and Lexicographer Samuel Johnson
Scholar and Lexicographer
Samuel Johnson

LoveWedding of Interest

1842 American writer "The Scarlett Letter" Nathaniel Hawthorne (38) marries painter and illustrator Sophia Peabody (33) in the Peabody's home, Boston

  • 1988 "Facts of Life," Lisa Whelchel weds Steve Cauble
  • 1999 Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark (33) weds architect and yachtsman Carlos Morales Quintana (28) at St. Sophia Cathedral in London, England

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1540 English King Henry VIII annuls his 6 month marriage to his 4th wife Anne of Cleves, on the grounds of non-consummation and her pre-contract to Francis of Lorraine

Queen of England Anne of Cleves
Queen of England
Anne of Cleves
King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

Deaths in History

  • 1228 Stephen Langton, English Cardinal and scholar, Archbishop of Canterbury (1207-1228), negotiated the Magna Carta, thought to have divided Bible into chapters (b. c. 1150)
  • 1386 Leopold III, Duke of Austria (1365-68), dies at 34
  • 1441 Jan van Eyck, Flemish painter (The Ghent Altarpiece), dies
  • 1553 Maurice, Elector of Saxony (1547-53), dies of his wounds from the Battle of Sievershausen at 32 [some sources place death as July 11th]
  • 1639 Entonius Walaeus, Dutch Calvinist theologist, dies at 65
  • 1654 Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans, Bohemia and Hungary, dies of smallpox at 20
  • 1677 Angelus Silesius [Johann Scheffer], German mystic, poet and court physician, dies at 52
  • 1696 Waclaw Potocki, Polish poet (Wojna Chocimska), dies
  • 1704 Yan Ruoqu, Chinese scholar of Qing dynasty, dies at 67
  • 1706 Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville, French Canadian sailor and explorer and adventurer (explored Hudson Bay and Louisiana), dies in Havana at 44
  • 1737 Gian Gastone de' Medici, last Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany (1723-37), dies at 66
  • 1742 John Oldmixon, English historian (b. 1673)
  • 1746 Philip V, King of Spain (1700-24, 1724-46), dies at 62
  • 1756 Pieter Langendijk, Dutch painter, etcher and playwright (Wiskunstenaars), dies at 72
  • 1766 Jonathan Mayhew, American Congregational minister, dies at 45
  • 1795 Henry Seymour Conway, British general and statesman (b. 1721)
  • 1797 Edmund Burke, British statesman, philosopher and author (A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful, Reflections on the Revolution in France), dies at 68
  • 1805 Georg Panzer, German vicar and librarian, dies at 76
  • 1828 Gilbert Stuart, American portrait painter (unfinished portrait of George Washington), dies at 72
  • 1843 Washington Allston, American painter (pioneer of America's Romantic movement of landscape painting) and author, dies at 63
  • 1850 Bab [Shirazi, Sayyid Ali Muhammad], Persian founder of Babism, executed by firing squad on orders of the Persian government at 30

Person of interestZachary Taylor

1850 Zachary Taylor, 12th US President (1849-50) and major general in the Mexican–American War, dies in the White House of an unknown digestive ailment at 65 after reportedly consuming copious amounts of raw fruit and iced milk

12th US President and General Zachary Taylor
12th US President and General
Zachary Taylor
  • 1852 Thompson McKennan, American politician who served as the 2nd United States Secretary of the Interior, dies at 58
  • 1855 FitzRoy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan, British Army officer (commander of the British forces during the Crimean War), dies of dysentery in Crimea at 66

Person of interestAmedeo Avogadro

1856 Amedeo Avogadro, Italian scientist who contributed to molecular theory, including what is known as Avogadro's law (6.022 x 10 ^ 23), dies at 79

Scientist Amedeo Avogadro
Amedeo Avogadro
  • 1856 James Strang, American Mormon splinter group leader, dies of his wounds three weeks after being attacked by disaffected members at 43
  • 1875 Francis Preston Blair Jr, famed St Louis lawyer, dies at 54
  • 1880 Paul Broca, French brain surgeon and anthropologist (located speech center), dies at 56
  • 1882 Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero (b. 1848)
  • 1893 George Christopher Cato, Natal pioneer and first mayor of Durban South Africa, dies at 79
  • 1903 Alphonse François Renard, Belgian geologist, dies at 60
  • 1909 Kasimir Felix Badeni, Premier of Polish/Austria (1895-97), dies at 62
  • 1923 William R. Day, American diplomat and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, dies at 74

Person of interestKing C. Gillette

1932 King C. Gillette, American businessman and inventor of inexpensive and disposable safety razor blades, dies at 77

Businessman and Inventor King C. Gillette
Businessman and Inventor
King C. Gillette
  • 1937 Oliver Law, first African-American commander of U.S. troops (b. 1899)
  • 1938 Benjamin N. Cardozo, American lawyer and jurist, dies at 68
  • 1943 Clifford Whittingham Beers, American mental hygiene pioneer, dies at 67
  • 1947 Lucjan Żeligowski, Polish general (b. 1865)
Nazi Physician Eugen Fischer
Nazi Physician
Eugen Fischer
  • 1968 Allyn Edwards, host (One Minute Please, Mr Citizen), dies at 53
  • 1968 Vardis Fisher, American writer (Passion Spin the Plot), dies at 73
  • 1969 Gertrude Dixon, compiler of Shunryu Suzuki's Zen Mind, dies
  • 1974 Sonia Gaskell, Russian-Dutch choreographer (Diaghilev), dies at 70

Person of interestEarl Warren

1974 Earl Warren, Governor of California and 14th US Supreme Court Chief Justice (1953-69), dies at 83

Jurist and Governor of California Earl Warren
Jurist and Governor of California
Earl Warren
  • 1974 Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes, French Dadaist artist and writer, dies at 90
  • 1977 Loren C Eiseley, US anthropologist/writer (Animal Secrets), dies at 69

Person of interestAlice Paul

1977 Alice Paul, American suffragist (National Woman's Party), dies at 92

Suffragist Alice Paul
Alice Paul
  • 1977 Loren Eiseley, American anthropologist and natural science writer (The Unexpected Universe), dies at 69
  • 1978 Abdul Razak al-Naif, premier of Iraq, murdered
  • 1979 Cornelia Otis Skinner, dies at 78
  • 1981 Wilhelm H C Tenhaeff, para-psychologist, dies at 87
  • 1983 Keith Wickenden, British Politician (b. 1932)
  • 1985 Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1896)
  • 1985 Jimmy Kinnon, Scottish founder of Narcotics Anonymous (b. 1911)
  • 1986 Karl-Heinz Beckurts, West german Siemens manager, murdered
  • 1986 Le Duan, Vietnamese politician, dies at 78
  • 1988 Anthony Holland, AIDS sufferer committed suicide at 60
  • 1988 Barbara Woodhouse, dog trainer, dies at 78 of a stroke
  • 1990 Brigitte D'Ortschy, German author, trnslator and Zen teacher Sanbo Kyodan line, dies in Japan at 69
  • 1993 Jaap Meijer, Dutch historian and rabbi in Paramaribo, dies at 80
  • 1995 Jacques Molicard, translator and navigator, dies at 62
  • 1995 James Cameron Tudor, politician, dies at 66
  • 1995 John Eric Tieman, production Manager (The Guardian), dies at 67
  • 1995 Fenton Morley, British parish priest who chaired the Church of England Morley Commission, dies at 83
  • 1996 Douglas G Chapman, biomathematical statistician, dies at 76
  • 1996 Melvin Belli, American lawyer known as "The King of Torts" and "Melvin Bellicose", dies at 88
  • 1996 Peter Martini, British journalist, dies at 31
  • 1996 Susan Cowdy, British ornithologist, dies at 81
  • 1999 Robert de Cotret, Canadian politician (b. 1944)
  • 2002 Laurence Janifer, American writer (b. 1933)
  • 2002 Kenneth Snowman, British jeweller and antiquarian, dies at 82
  • 2004 Chuck Cadman, Canadian politician (b. 1948)
  • 2004 Paul Klebnikov, American journalist (b. 1963)
  • 2005 Rafiq Zakaria, Indian politician and Islamic religious cleric, dies at 86
  • 2008 Séamus Brennan, Irish Fianna Fáil politician and Minister, dies of cancer at 60
  • 2010 Jessica Anderson, Australian novelist (Tirra Lirra By The River; The Impersonators), dies following a stroke at 93
  • 2010 Vonetta McGee, American actress, dies from cardiac arrest at 65
  • 2012 Terepai Maoate, Prime Minister of the Cook Islands, dies from prostate cancer at 78
  • 2012 Eugênio de Araújo Sales, Brazilian Roman Catholic cardinal, dies at 91
  • 2016 Robert Nye, British novelist and poet (Falstaff), dies at 77
  • 2018 Lord Carrington [Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington], British conservative politician, former British Foreign Secretary (1979-82) and NATO Secretary General (1984-8), dies at 99

Person of interestRoss Perot

2019 Ross Perot, American businessman (Electronic Data Systems, Perot Systems), billionaire and presidential candidate (1992, 1996), dies of leukemia at 89

Entrepreneur and Presidential Candidate Ross Perot
Entrepreneur and Presidential Candidate
Ross Perot