On This Day

On This Day in History for June 10

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1190 Third Crusade: Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa drowns while crossing the Saleph River (modern Turkey) leading an army to Jerusalem

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1194 Major fire at Chartres Cathedral, France, leads to it rebuilt as the high point of French Gothic style
  • 1358 French Jacquerie peasant leader Guillaume Cale captured at the Battle of Mello
  • 1502 Crimean Khan defeats the Great Horde in battle near Worskla, leading to disintegration of the Great Horde
  • 1538 Catholic German monarchy signs League of Neuremberg
  • 1539 Council of Trent: Paul III sends out letters to his bishops, delaying the Council due to war and the difficulty bishops had traveling to Venice.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1540 Thomas Cromwell arrested in Westminster

Lawyer and Statesman Thomas Cromwell
Lawyer and Statesman
Thomas Cromwell
  • 1605 False Dimitri I, an impostor, crowned Russian tsar (rules 1605-1606)
  • 1610 Thomas West, Baron de La Mar, is appointed governor of Virginia
  • 1610 1st Dutch settlers arrive (from NJ), to colonize Manhattan Island
  • 1619 Thirty Years' War: Battle of Záblatí, a turning point in the Bohemian Revolt
  • 1624 Netherlands & France sign anti-Spanish Treaty of Compiègne

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1627 Dutch privateer Piet Heyn attacks Portuguese ships in the Bay of All Saints, Brazil

Dutch Admiral and Privateer Piet Heyn
Dutch Admiral and Privateer
Piet Heyn
  • 1639 1st American log cabin at Fort Christina (Wilmington Delaware)
  • 1648 Moscow's people uprise against regent Boris Morozov
  • 1652 In Boston, John Hull opens the 1st mint in America

  • 1682 Tornado in Connecticut uproots a 3 ft diameter oak tree

USASalem Witch Trials

1692 The first victim of the Salem witch trials, Bridget Bishop, is hanged for witchcraft in the colony of Massachusetts

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Dramatic lithograph of the Salem witch trials produced in 1892
Dramatic lithograph of the Salem witch trials produced in 1892
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  • 1719 Jacobite Rising: Battle of Glen Shiel.
  • 1720 Mrs Clements of England markets first paste-style mustard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1752 Benjamin Franklin tests the lightning conductor with his kite-flying experiment

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1760 NY passes 1st effective law regulating practice of medicine
  • 1761 Puritan version of "Othello" opens in Newport Rhode Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1768 British customs officials seize John Hancock's ship, "The Liberty", on the suspicion that Hancock had illegally unloaded cargo without paying duties a month earlier

Statesman John Hancock
John Hancock
  • 1772 Burning of British revenue cutter Gaspée by Rhode Islanders
  • 1786 A landslide dam on the Dadu River caused by earthquake ten days earlier collapses, killing 100,000 in the Sichuan province of China
  • 1793 1st public zoo opens in Paris
  • 1794 Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Philadelphia forms
  • 1794 France revolutionary regime begins trials
  • 1801 Tripoli declares war on US for refusing tribute
  • 1805 First Barbary War: Yussif Karamanli signs a treaty ending hostilities with the United States
  • 1809 1st US steamboat to a make an ocean voyage leaves NY for Philadelphia
  • 1829 The first Oxford and Cambridge University Boat Race takes place
  • 1838 Myall Creek Massacre in Australia: 28 Aboriginal Australians are murdered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1845 Andrew Jackson's African Grey parrot "Poll" is removed from his funeral for swearing at The Hermitage, Tennessee. Funeral attendee William Menefee Norment recorded: "Before the sermon and while the crowd was gathering, a wicked parrot that was a household pet got excited and commenced swearing so loud and long as to disturb the people and had to be carried from the house”

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1846 Robert Thomson obtains an English patent on a rubber tyre

  • 1847 Chicago Tribune begins publishing
  • 1848 1st telegraph link between NYC & Chicago
  • 1848 Battle at Vicenza: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
  • 1854 Georg F B Reiman proposes that space is curved
  • 1854 The first class of the United States Naval Academy students graduate
  • 1857 Britain passes an act putting Canada on the decimal currency system
  • 1861 Battle of Big Bethel Virginia (Bethel Church, Great Bethal)-Union retreats

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1863 Battle of Brice's Crossroads, Miss; Nathan Bedford Forrest w/3500 defeats 8000 Feds

Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest
Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard
Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • 1864 Battle of Kellar's Bridge Kentucky (Licking River)
  • 1869 'Agnes' arrives in New Orleans with 1st ever shipment of frozen beef
  • 1871 Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea
  • 1880 Charlie Jones becomes 1st to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning
  • 1882 Anti-colonization mass society of Alexandria Egypt kills 50 Europeans
  • 1886 Eruption of Tarawera volcano destroys famous pink and white calcium carbonate hot-spring terraces (North Island, New Zealand)
  • 1892 Wilbert Robinson sets record by going 7-for-7 in a 9-inning game

Spain Declares War Against the United StatesSpain Declares War Against the United States

1898 US Marines land in Cuba during Spanish–American War

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Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
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  • 1899 Improved Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks forms in Cincinnati
  • 1900 In China, a relief column of some 2000 men set out from Tientsin to relieve foreigners trapped in Peking
  • 1902 Patent for window envelope granted to H F Callahan
  • 1905 1st forest fire lookout tower placed in operation, Greenville, Maine

  • 1907 France and Japan sign an agreement to maintain the independence and integrity of China, equality for all nations in trading with China, and the status quo in the Far East
  • 1908 1st flying club, Aeronautical Society of NY, opens
  • 1908 The Australian Parliament passes the Invalid and Old Age Pensions Act providing for pensions for British subjects (excluding aborigines) at age 65

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Queen Wilhelmina opens Rembrandt house in Amsterdam

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • 1915 British/French troops conquer German colony of Cameroon
  • 1916 Great Arab Revolt begins against ruling Ottoman turks
  • 1917 60,000 people of Petrograd Russia welcome Prince Kropotkin (banned 41 years) returning after February Russian Revolution
  • 1917 Limburgse mine workers strike
  • 1924 1st political convention broadcast on radio-Republicans at Cleveland
  • 1925 Inaugural service for the United Church of Canada, a union of Presbyterian, Methodist, and Congregationalist churches held in Toronto Arena
  • 1931 Norway occupies East Greenland
  • 1932 1st demonstration of artificial lightning Pittsfield, Massachusetts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 John Dillinger robs his first bank, in New Carlisle, Ohio. He takes $10, 600

Gangster John Dillinger
John Dillinger
FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker flip their car into a ravine. Parker suffers serious third degree burns from the accident which would affect her for the rest of her life.

American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker
Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow
  • 1934 USSR & Romania re-establish diplomatic relations

Please Don’t Drink To My SuccessPlease Don’t Drink To My Success

1935 In Akron, Ohio, Dr. Robert H. Smith (Dr. Bob) from Akron & Bill Wilson from New York City form Alcoholics Anonymous (date of Smith's last drink)

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Today there are Alcoholics Anonymous branches around the world with an estimated membership of over two million
Today there are Alcoholics Anonymous branches around the world with an estimated membership of over two million
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  • 1938 Charlie Barnett makes 98 by lunch v Australia at Trent Bridge
  • 1940 French government moves to Bordeaux
  • 1940 German "Dutch" Q-ship Atlantis sinks Norwegian tanker
  • 1940 German 5th Armoured division occupies Rouen

  • 1940 Italy declares war on France and Great Britain as part of its Axis alliance with Nazi Germany
  • 1940 Norway surrenders to Nazi Germany after 62 days of fighting
  • 1940 Canada declares war on Italy.


1942 Nazis kill all inhabitants of Lidice, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (now Czech Republic) which had been implicated in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi controller of Bohemia and Moravia, to “teach the Czechs a final lesson of subservience and humility”; over 170 adult men were executed by firing squad on site, women and children were sent to concentration camp gas chambers, and the village was burned down and plowed under

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 FDR becomes 1st US President to visit a foreign country during wartime

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943 FDR signs withholding tax bill into law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Heinrich Himmler ordered the final liquidation of Lodz ghetto in occupied Poland

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1944 Nazi forces carry out a massacre of 642 civilians in the French village Oradour-sur-Glane
  • 1944 World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops
  • 1945 US destroyer William D Porter ("Willie Dee") sunk by kamikaze
  • 1946 Italian Republic established
  • 1946 Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, USNR, ends term as 1st director of CIA. Lieutenant General Hoyt S Vandenberg, USA, becomes 2nd director of CIA
  • 1947 Saab produces its first automobile
  • 1949 Istvan Dobi becomes Hungarian premier
  • 1950 Germany doesn't annex Oder-Neissegrens
  • 1952 US President Harry Truman expresses a desire to nationalize the steel industry
  • 1954 PBS reaches SF: KQED (Channel 9) starts broadcasting
  • 1955 1st separation of virus into component parts reported

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1957 John Diefenbaker (C) elected Prime Minister of Canada

13th Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker
13th Prime Minister of Canada
John Diefenbaker
  • 1959 Rocky Colovito hits 4 consecutive HRs in 1 game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 US Equal Pay Act signed into law by President John F. Kennedy

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1964 Southern filibuster on civil rights bill ends; cloture invoked
  • 1965 Vietnam War: Battle of Dong Xoai begins, a major engagement between the Viet Cong and South Vietnamese forces
  • 1966 Cleveland Indian Sonny Siebert no-hits Washington Senator, 2-0

Birthdays in History

  • 867 Uda, 59th Emperor of Japan (887-897), born in Kyōto, Japan (d. 931)
  • 1213 Fakhr-al-Din Iraqi, Persian philosopher, born in Hamedan, Iran (d. 1289)
  • 1613 Johann Georg II, Elector of Saxony (1656-80), born in Dresden (d. 1680)
  • 1630 Willem van Bemmel, Dutch painter and etcher, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1708)
  • 1632 Esprit Fléchier, French writer and Bishop of Nîmes, born in Pernes-les-Fontaines, France (d. 1710)
  • 1637 Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary explorer (Chicago), born in Laon, France (d. 1675)
  • 1657 James Cragg the Elder, British politician (d. 1721)
  • 1688 James Francis Edward Stuart "The old Pretender", Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland after the death of his father James II, born in St James's Palace, London, Kingdom of England (d. 1766)
  • 1710 James Short, Scottish mathematician and manufacturer of telescopes, born in Edinburgh (d. 1768)
  • 1713 Princess Caroline Elizabeth of Great Britain, fourth child and third daughter of King George II of Great Britain and his wife Caroline of Ansbach, born in Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover (d. 1757)
  • 1735 John Morgan, American physician-in-chief of Continental Army and co-founder of the Medical College at the University of Pennsylvania, the first medical school in Colonial America, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1789)
  • 1753 William Eustis, 12th Governor of Massachusetts (1823-25), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts Bay, British America (d. 1825)
  • 1782 Amable-Guillaume-Prosper Brugière, French politician and historian, born in Riom, Puy-de-Dôme, France (d. 1866)
  • 1803 Henry Darcy, French hydraulic engineer (Darcy's Law), born in Dijon, France (d. 1858)
  • 1804 Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist, born in Altenburg, Germany (d. 1884)
  • 1808 Friedrich Kaiser, Dutch astronomer (Kaiser compass-card), born in Amsterdam (d. 1872)
  • 1819 Gustave Courbet, French realist painter (Demoiselles the la Seine), born in Ornans, Doubs, Kingdom of France (d. 1877)
  • 1822 John Jacob Astor III, American businessman (Astor Estate holdings), born in New York (d. 1890)
  • 1825 Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier and pioneer of modern skiing, born in Øverbø, Norway (d. 1897)
  • 1825 Princess Hildegard of Bavaria, seventh child and fourth daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, born in Würzburg, Bavaria (d. 1864)
  • 1832 Edwin Arnold, English writer (The Light of Asia), born in Gravesend, Kent (d. 1904)
  • 1832 Nikolaus Otto, German engineer (gas motor, otto motor), born in Holzhausen an der Haide, Nassau (d. 1891)
  • 1834 Hendrik Pierson, Dutch theologist (H Pierson Foundation), born in Amsterdam (d. 1923)
  • 1835 Constant A Serrure, Flemish historian
  • 1835 Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany, born in Florence (d. 1908)
  • 1835 Rebecca Latimer Felton, American writer and politician (first woman to serve as U.S. Senator (Georgia)), born in Decatur, Georgia (d. 1930)
  • 1836 Yamaoka Tesshū, Japanese swordsman and master of kendo, born in Tokyo (d. 1888)
  • 1839 Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, Danish politician (Council President of Denmark), born in Hochberg (now Remseck am Neckar), Württemberg (d. 1912)
  • 1840 Thomas F. Toon, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Columbus County, North Carolina (d. 1902)
  • 1840 Theodor Philipsen, Danish painter, born in Copenhagen (d. 1920)
  • 1844 Albert Neuhuys, Dutch painter of peasant families (Laren School), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1914)
  • 1844 Carl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren und Menschen), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1913)
  • 1859 Jacques Perk, Dutch poet (Iris, Wood Song), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1881)
  • 1861 Joseph Cuypers, Dutch architect (St Bavo, Haarlem), born in Roermond, the Netherlands (d. 1949)
  • 1861 Pierre Duhem, French naturalist, philosopher and historian, born in Paris (d. 1916)
  • 1863 Louis Couperus, Dutch poet and writer (Eline Vere), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • 1865 Frederick Cook, American explorer, claimed to have 1st discovered North Pole, born in Callicoon, New York (d. 1940)
  • 1869 Gustave Vanzype, Belgian literary (La Gazette), born in Brussels (d. 1955)
  • 1880 Margit Kaffka, Hungarian writer (Colors and Years), born in Nagykároly (d. 1918)
  • 1882 Neville Henderson, British diplomat and Ambassador of the United Kingdom to Nazi Germany (1937-39), born in Sedgwick, Sussex, England (d. 1942)
  • 1884 Leone Sextus Tollemache, British Army captain who was incorrectly alleged to have the longest English surname on record (Leone Sextus Denys Oswolf Fraudatifilius Tollemache-Tollemache de Orellana Plantagenet Tollemache-Tollemache), born in Lincolnshire, England (d. 1917)
  • 1886 Emile van Dievoet, Flemish lawyer, born in Sint-Katherina-Lombeek, Belgium (d. 1967)
  • 1888 Leo Weismantel, German writer (Der Reiter der Apocalypse), born in Obersinn, Germany (d. 1964)
  • 1890 Paul J M Lindemans, Flemish agricultural engineer/author
  • 1895 Immanuel Velikovsky, Russian writer (Worlds in Collision), born in Vitebsk, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • 1897 Tatiana Nikolaevna, 2nd daughter of the last Russian Tsar, Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, born in Peterhof Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1899 Raoul Salan, French Army general and leader of OAS; Secret Army Organization (Algeria), born in Roquecourbe, France (d. 1984)
  • 1900 Henri Bruning, Dutch poet and literary, born in Amsterdam (d. 1983)
  • 1907 Fairfield Porter, American painter, born in Winnetka, Illinois (d. 1975)
  • 1908 Brinsley Ford, British art historian and CEO (National Art Collections Fund), born in Petworth, Sussex, England (d. 1999)
  • 1911 Terence Rattigan, British playwright (Winslow Boy, Browning Version), born in London (d. 1977)
  • 1912 Leslie Brown, Bishop (St Edmundsbury & Ipswich)
  • 1912 William Gordon Harris, British civil engineer, born in Liverpool, England (d. 2005)
  • 1912 Jean Lesage, Canadian politician (19th Premier of Quebec), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1980)
  • 1913 Van Carlyle Wilton-Davies, archdeacon Emeritus (Oxford)
  • 1913 Wilbur J. Cohen, American pioneer of social security, worked on the New Deal, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1914 Polly Hill, Dr/anthropologist

Person of interestSaul Bellow

1915 Saul Bellow, Canadian-born American author (Mr Sammler's Planet, Nobel 1976), born in Lachine, Quebec (d. 2005)

Novelist Saul Bellow
Saul Bellow
  • 1917 William Barr, rector (Exeter College, Oxford)
  • 1919 Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian Negotiator and community leader (d. 2007)

Person of interestPrince Philip

1921 Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh and consort of Great Britain's Elizabeth II, born in Mon Repos, Corfu, Greece (d. 2021)

Duke of Edinburgh Prince Philip
Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Philip
  • 1922 Rose Mofford, American politician, 1st female Governor of Arizona (1988-1991), born in Globe, Arizona (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Robert Maxwell [Jan Hoch], Czech, billionaire/CEO (NY Daily News)
  • 1925 Nat Hentoff, columnist/novelist (Village Voice, The Cold Society)
  • 1926 Willem Oltmans, Dutch journalist (Outlawed, Free as a Bird)
  • 1927 Lin Yang-kang, Chinese politician
  • 1927 Eugene Parker, American solar astrophysicist (Parker Space Probe named after him)
  • 1928 Asher Wallfish, journalist
  • 1928 Maurice Sendak, American author and illustrator (Where The Wild Things Are), born in NYC, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1929 James "Jim" McDivitt, American Brigadier General and astronaut (Gemini 4, Apollo 9), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1929 Ian McCahon Sinclair, Australian politician
  • 1929 Edward O Wilson, American sociobiologist, world’s leading authority on ants, born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • 1932 J Bennett Johnston, (Sen-D-LA, 1972- )
  • 1933 F. Lee Bailey, American criminal defense attorney (Sam Shepard; Boston Strangler; Patty Hearst; OJ Simpson), born in Waltham, Massachusetts (d. 2021)
  • 1933 Georgi Atanasov, Bulgarian Prime Minister
  • 1934 Paul Gibson, British high court judge
  • 1935 Tom Pendry, MP (Labour)
  • 1935 Elio Fiorucci, Italian fashion designer, born in Milan (d. 2015)
  • 1936 Graham Carleton Greene, British literary agent
  • 1937 Richard Foreman, American theatrical director (Daily Life), born in NYC, New York
  • 1942 Preston Manning, Canadian politician
  • 1943 Simon Jenkins, British author and newspaper editor (Evening Standard, The Times), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1944 Rick Price, rocker (Move)
  • 1946 Mensje F van Keulen-van der Steen, Dutch writer (Bleeker's Summer)
  • 1949 John Sentamu, Archbishop of York
  • 1953 John Edwards, American politician and lawyer
  • 1956 Georg Borwin, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  • 1957 Lindsay Hoyle, British politician
  • 1957 Hidetsugu Aneha, Japanese architect
  • 1959 Eliot Spitzer, American politician (Governor of New York 2007-8), born in the Bronx, New York
  • 1959 Carlo Ancelotti, A.C. Milan coach
  • 1962 Akie Abe (née Matsuzaki), First Lady of Japan, 2006-07 and 2012-20, born in Tokyo
  • 1968 Jimmy Shea, American skeleton racer
  • 1969 Kate Snow, American TV journalist
  • 1971 Piyush "Bobby" Jindal, American politician (US Representative for Louisiana (R), 2005-08; Governor of Louisiana, 2008-16), born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • 1972 Radmila Šekerinska, Macedonian politician
  • 1976 Hadi Saei Bonehkohal, Persian taekwondoka
  • 1976 Esther Ouwehand, Dutch politician, parliamentarian for the Party for the Animals
  • 1981 Prince Hashim bin Al Hussein, of Jordan
  • 1982 Princess Madeleine of Sweden

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1967 Margrethe II of Denmark (27) weds Prince Henrik of Denmark (32) at the Naval Church of Copenhagen in Denmark

Queen of Denmark Margrethe II
Queen of Denmark
Margrethe II
  • 1993 Abdullah II of Jordan (31) weds Rania Al-Yassin (22) in Amman, Jordan

Deaths in History

Person of interestAlexander the Great

323 BC Alexander the Great, Macedonian king, dies from either fever or excessive wine at 32, (or the 11th June)

Macedonian King and Conqueror of Persia Alexander the Great
Macedonian King and Conqueror of Persia
Alexander the Great
  • 1075 Ernest of Austria (b. 1027)

Person of interestFrederick Barbarossa

1190 Frederick Barbarossa, King of Germany (1152-90) and Holy Roman Emperor (1155-90), drowns at 67 or 68

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1190 Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, dies at 67
  • 1247 Rodrigo Jimenez de Rada, archbishop Toledo/advisor Alfonso VIII, dies
  • 1424 Duke Ernest of Austria (b. 1377)
  • 1552 Alexander Barclay, English poet
  • 1560 Mary of Guise [Mary of Lorraine], pro-French Queen of Scots (1538-42) and Regent of Scotland (1554-60), dies of dropsy at 44
  • 1580 Luis Vaz de Camoes, Portugal's national poet (Os Lusiados), dies
  • 1584 Francis of Valois, Duke of Anjou, French crown prince, suitor to English Queen Elizabeth I, dies at 29
  • 1588 Valentin Weigel, German mystic, dies
  • 1607 John Popham, English politician
  • 1654 Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor and architect, dies at 58
  • 1680 Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna, Swedish statesman (b. 1635)
  • 1692 Bridget Bishop, 1st person to be hanged in the Salem witch trials at 60
  • 1698 Gerrit Berckheyde, Dutch painter, dies at 59
  • 1727 George Ludwig, German monarch of Hannover, King of England, dies at 67
  • 1735 Thomas Hearne, English antiquarian (b. 1678)
  • 1776 Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier, dies at 53
  • 1791 Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral, dies at 70
  • 1831 Hans Karl von Diebitsch, Russian field marshal (b. 1785)
  • 1834 Antonius van Gils, RC theologist (against Relief), dies at 75
  • 1836 André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (b. 1775)
  • 1839 Nathaniel Pryor, American soldier and sergeant of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, dies
  • 1849 Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly, dies at 64
  • 1868 Michael Obrenovic, ruler of Serbia (1839-42,1860-68), murdered at 44
  • 1896 Amelia Dyer, English murderer of 300 infants, hanged at Newgate Prison, London (b. 1829)
  • 1898 Tuone Udaina, last speaker of the Dalmatian language.
  • 1901 Robert Williams Buchanan, British dramatist (b. 1841)
  • 1902 Auguste Schmidt, German teacher and feminist, dies at 68
  • 1902 Jacint Verdaguer, Catalan poet (b. 1845)
  • 1903 Luigi Cremona, Italian mathematician (grafostatica), dies at 72
  • 1906 Richard John Seddon, longest serving Prime Minister of New Zealand, dies at 61
  • 1909 Edward Everett Hale, American clergyman and author (Man without a Country), dies at 87
  • 1912 Anton Aškerc, Slovenian poet (b. 1856)
  • 1923 Pierre Loti [Julien Viaud], French sea officer/writer, dies
  • 1924 Giacomo Matteotti, Italian Socialist Party leader, assassinated by fascists at 39

Person of interestAntoni Gaudi

1926 Antoni Gaudí, Catalan-Spanish architect (Sagrada Família, Casa Milà, Casa Batlló), dies after being hit by a tram at 73

Architect Antoni Gaudi
Antoni Gaudi
  • 1930 Adolf Harnack, German theologian (b. 1851)
8th Prime Minister of Canada Robert Borden
8th Prime Minister of Canada
Robert Borden

Person of interestMarcus Garvey

1941 Marcus Garvey, Jamaican-born black nationalist who began the back-to-Africa movement among US African Americans, dies at 52

Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey
Black Nationalist
Marcus Garvey
  • 1942 Jean François van Royen, Sect-Gen of Concentration Camp Amersfoort, dies at 63
  • 1942 Stanley Lupino, English comic (Cheer Up, Over She Goes), dies at 48
  • 1944 French Duwaer, Dutch printer/resistance fighter, executed
  • 1944 Gerrit Jan van der Veen [Wolffensperger], Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 41 (b. 1902)
  • 1944 Johan Limpers, Dutch sculptor and resistance fighter, executed at 28
  • 1944 Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist and mathematician, dies at 33
  • 1947 Alexander Bethune, Canadian politician (b. 1852)
  • 1949 Sigrid Undset, Norwegian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1882)
  • 1958 Angelina Weld Grimke, American journalist, teacher and playwright (Harlem Renaissance), dies at 78
  • 1959 Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (b. 1883)
  • 1971 Virginia Eames, entertainer, dies of heart attack at 82
  • 1973 William M. Inge, American playwright (Come Back Little Sheba), dies at 60
  • 1974 Henry WFA, English duke of Gloucester, baron Culloden, dies at 74
  • 1986 Merle Miller, American biographer (b. 1919)
  • 1988 Louis L'Amour, American western writer (Bowdrie), dies of cancer at 80
  • 1991 Vercors [Jean Bruller], French writer (Silence of Mer), dies
  • 1992 Otto Frans Antoine Hubert van Nispen, Dutch mayor (Pannerden), dies at 85
  • 1992 Zak Hernández, American soldier (b. 1973)
  • 1993 Alice Reinhart, entertainer, dies at 83
  • 1994 Edward Kienholz, US sculptor (Back seat of a '38 Dodge), dies at 66
  • 1994 Mary Maxwell Gates, American businesswoman, philanthropist and mother of Bill Gates, dies of breast cancer at 64
  • 1994 Edward Keinholz, American artist and sculptor, dies at 66
  • 1995 Masaya Hanai, Japanese businessman, dies at 82
  • 1995 Ernest Flatt, American choreographer (The Carol Burnett Show), dies at 76
  • 1996 Hugh Burnton Mitchell, US senator, dies at 89
  • 1996 Marie-Louise von Motesiczky, Austrian painter, dies at 89
  • 1996 Norman Lambert, British restaurateur, dies at 63 (b. 1933)
  • 1996 Uno Chiyo, Japanese writer (Confessions of Love), dies at 98
  • 1998 Hammond Innes, English author (b. 1914)

Person of interestHafez al-Assad

2000 Hafez al-Assad, General and President of Syria (1971-2000), dies of a heart attack at 69

General and President of Syria Hafez al-Assad
General and President of Syria
Hafez al-Assad
  • 2001 Princess Leila Pahlavi of Iran, youngest daughter of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, dies at 31
  • 2001 Mike Mentzer, American bodybuilder (b. 1951)

Person of interestJohn Gotti

2002 John Gotti, American mafia gangster and head of the Gambino family, dies of throat cancer at 61

Gangster John Gotti
John Gotti
  • 2002 Benjamin Ward, 1st African American NYC Police Commissioner, dies at 75
  • 2003 Donald Regan, Chief of Staff and U.S. Treasury Secretary (b. 1918)
  • 2003 Bernard Williams, English moral philosopher, dies at 73
  • 2003 Dr Phil Williams, Welsh politician and scientist (b. 1939)
  • 2003 Sylvius Gerald Marie Rozendal, Premier of Netherlands Antilles, dies at 74
  • 2005 Curtis Pitts, American aircraft designer (b. 1915)
  • 2005 J. James Exon, American Democratic politician (33rd Governor of Nebraska), dies at 83
  • 2007 Charley Harper, American modernist artist, dies of pneumonia at 84
  • 2008 Chinghiz Aitmatov, Soviet-Kyrgyz author and best-known figure in Kyrgyzstan's literature (Jamila), dies of pneumonia at 79
  • 2008 Dieuwke de Graaff-Nauta, Dutch politician (State Secretary for the Interior 1986-94), dies at 78
  • 2009 Norma Shaw, English lawn bowler (World Outdoor C'ship gold 1981; Indoor C'ship gold 1997), dies at 72
  • 2010 Metropolitan Basil Schott, Archbishop of the Byzantine Catholic Archeparchy of Pittsburgh (b. 1939)
  • 2011 Brian Lenihan, Jnr, Irish politician and minister dies of cancer at 52
  • 2011 Jeanne Bice, American entrepreneur (Quacker Factory clothes), dies of cancer at 71
  • 2013 Barbara Vucanovich, American politician, dies at 91
  • 2016 Margaret Heldt, American hairdresser who created the Beehive, dies at 98
  • 2017 Samuel V. Wilson, American ex-director of the Defense Intelligence Agency and former Army lieutenant general, dies of lung cancer at 93
  • 2019 Lee Hee-ho, Korean activist and first lady for her husband President Kim Dae-jung, dies at 96