On This Day

On This Day in History for June 11

Events in History

  • 1184 BC Trojan War: Troy is sacked and burned, according to calculations by Eratosthenes
  • 631 Emperor Taizong of Tang of China, sends envoys to the Xueyantuo bearing gold and silk for the release of Chinese prisoners captured during transition from Sui to Tang from northern frontier; succeeds in freeing 80,000
  • 758 Diplomatic dispute at Tang Chinese capital Chang'an when Abbasid Arabs and Uyghur Turks both arrive to offer tribute. Settlement reached when both enter at same time through two different gates.
  • 1144 Basilica of St Denis is dedicated near Paris, the first fully Gothic church
  • 1231 Harderwijk (Netherlands) becomes a city
  • 1345 Alexios Apokaukos, chief minister of the Byzantine Empire, is lynched by political prisoners
  • 1429 Hundred Years' War: The start of the Battle of Jargeau (France)
  • 1488 Battle of Sauchieburn, rebellion against the Scottish crown results in death of King James III
  • 1517 Sir Thomas Pert reaches Hudson Bay
  • 1572 Spanish co-land guardian Duke of Medinaceli arrives in Lock
  • 1578 England grants Sir Humphrey Gilbert a patent to explore and colonize North America
  • 1594 Philip II recognized the rights and privileges of the local nobles and chieftains in the Philippines, which paves way to the creation of the Principalía (i.e., elite ruling class of native nobility in Spanish Philippines)
  • 1644 Florentine scientist Evangelista Torricelli describes his invention of the mercury barometer in 1643 in a letter to Michelangelo Ricci
  • 1666 -14] Vierdaagse Sea battle (Ruyter-Monk vs Prince Ruprecht)
  • 1676 Battle at Öland: Danish & Dutch fleet under CM Tromp beats Sweden
  • 1685 James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, rebels against Catholic king James II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1690 English king William III departs to Ireland

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • 1699 England, France & Netherlands agree on 2nd Extermination Treaty of Spain
  • 1726 Cardinal Fleury succeeds Duke of Bourbon as French premier

InventionHistoric Invention

1742 Benjamin Franklin invents his Franklin stove

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1770 Captain James Cook discovers Great Barrier Reef off Australia

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • 1774 Jews of Algiers escape attacking Spanish Army

USAUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 Continental Congress creates committee to draft a Declaration of Independence with Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston as members

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Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
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  • 1788 1st British ship built on Pacific coast begun at Nootka Sound, BC
  • 1788 Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska
  • 1793 1st American stove patent is granted to Robert Haeterick
  • 1816 Gas Light Co of Baltimore founded
  • 1825 The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City
  • 1837 The Broad Street Riot occurs in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between English-Americans and Irish-Americans
  • 1864 The Battle of Trevilian Station, the bloodiest and largest all-cavalry battle of the American Civil War, begins in Louisa County, Virginia
  • 1864 300' (90 m) of Meigg's Wharf, in San Francisco, washed away in storm
  • 1864 Battle at Cynthiana Kentucky: General Hobsons unit caught
  • 1864 Battle of Laurel Hill, West Virginia
  • 1864 CSS Alabama, a Confederate screw sloop-of-war, arrives in port at Cherbourg, France
  • 1866 The Agra High Court (now the Allahabad High Court) is established in India
  • 1870 1st-stone Amstel Brewery opens in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1876 Republicans pick Rutherford B. Hayes as US presidential candidate

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1878 DC is given a new government by Congress, 3 commissioners appointed by president (change in 1974)
  • 1891 Puerto Rican flag adopted
  • 1895 Charles Duryea patents a gas-driven automobile
  • 1896 US Assay Office in Deadwood South Dakota authorized

Spain Declares War Against the United StatesSpain Declares War Against the United States

1898 1st US Marines (600) land at Guantanamo, Cuba during the Spanish–American War

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Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
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  • 1898 Emperor De Zong proclaims reforms in Peking
  • 1900 -12] Battle at Diamond Hill: British troops chase General Botha

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 David Beatty and 150 men from HMS Barfleur land as part of a force of 2,400 defending Tientsin from 15,000 Chinese troops plus Boxers

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • 1901 Cook Islands annexed and proclaimed part of New Zealand
  • 1904 German Lt-Gen Lothar von Trotha lands in Swapokmund, SW-Africa
  • 1905 Penns Railroad debuts fastest train in world (NY-Chicago in 18 hrs)
  • 1907 Northants all out for 12 v Gloucestershire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Universal Negro Improvement Association founded by Marcus Garvey

Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey
Black Nationalist
Marcus Garvey
  • 1911 The Greek national assembly adopts a more liberal constitution
  • 1913 Grand Vizir Mahmud Shevket Pasha is assassinated, resulting in continuing Young Turk terrorism until WWI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicates under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens

King of Greece Constantine I
King of Greece
Constantine I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920 Republicans nominate Warren G. Harding for US president

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1921 Brazil adopts women's suffrage
  • 1924 Bene Brak Palestine founded

  • 1924 Koos Vorrink elected President of Arbeiders Jeugd Organisatie (AJC) Socialist Youth Movement

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Charles Lindbergh is awarded the 1st Distinguished Flying Cross

  • 1934 Disarmament conference in Geneva fails
  • 1935 Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States, at Alpine, New Jersey
  • 1936 Presbyterian Church of America founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1936 International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London, England
  • 1937 Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races", directed by Sam Wood, is released in the US
  • 1938 5.0 Earthquake in Belgium kills 2, strongest in 45 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 King and Queen of England taste 1st "hot dogs" at FDR's party

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1940 Italy declares war on Allies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 British Premier Winston Churchill flies to Orleans

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1940 World War II: British forces bomb Genoa and Turin in Italy
  • 1940 World War II: First attack of the Italian Air force on the island of Malta
  • 1941 2nd great raid on Jews of Amsterdam
  • 1941 Vichy-French planes bomb Tel Aviv, killing 20 Jews
  • 1942 German army defeated at El-Alamein, North Africa
  • 1942 US and USSR sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW II
  • 1943 British invades Pantelleria (a tiny island south of Sicily)
  • 1944 15 US aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas
  • 1944 1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in US, Cathedral of St Sava, NYC

  • 1947 WW II sugar rationing finally ends in US (began May 28, 1942)
  • 1949 Emile Zatopek runs world record 10,000m (29:28.2)
  • 1951 Mozambique becomes an oversea province of Portugal
  • 1951 NY Times reports the NYC subway will auction off things found
  • 1955 1st magnesium jet airplane flies
  • 1957 12 die in a train crash in Vroman, Colorado
  • 1958 UN Security council sends observers to Lebanon
  • 1959 Saunders-Roe SR.N1, the first practical hovercraft, performs its first public flight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Postmaster General bans D H Lawrence's book, Lady Chatterley's Lover (overruled by US Court of Appeals in Mar 1960)

  • 1960 House packed with wedding celebrants collapses killing 30 (Pakistan)
  • 1961 Norm Cash becomes 1st Detroit Tiger to hit a ball out of Tiger Stadium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 US President John F. Kennedy accepts an honorary degree from Yale

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 Brothers John and Clarence Anglin and fellow inmate Frank Morris escape from Alcatraz Island prison, the only ones to do so
  • 1963 Gov Wallace tries to prevent blacks registering at University of Alabama
  • 1963 Greek government of Karamanlis resigns
  • 1963 US President JFK says segregation is morally wrong and that it is "time to act"

VietnamVietnamese Monk Burns Himself Alive

1963 Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức immolates himself at a Saigon intersection, creating one of the Vietnam War's most iconic images

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Thích Quảng Đức moments after setting fire to himself in Saigon as an act of protest
Thích Quảng Đức moments after setting fire to himself in Saigon as an act of protest
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  • 1964 Manfred Mann record Do Wah Diddy Diddy Dum Diddy Do
  • 1964 West Germany seeks talks with Czechoslovakia
  • 1966 French and German media mistakenly report death of Roger Daltry
  • 1967 Race riot in Tampa, Florida; National Guard mobilizes
  • 1967 Mexico becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1970 US leaves Wheelus AFB Libya
  • 1971 US & Japan sign accord to return Okinawa to Japan

Birthdays in History

  • 1403 John IV, Duke of Brabant, born in Arras, modern-day France (d. 1427)
  • 1430 Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond and patriarch of the Tudor Dynasty, born in Much Hadham Palace, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1456)
  • 1456 Anne Neville, English queen, wife of Richard III of England, born in Warwick Castle, Warwickshire (d. 1485)
  • 1540 Barnabe Googe, English poet, born in Alvingham, Lincolnshire (d. 1594)

Person of interestBen Jonson

1572 Ben Jonson, English playwright and poet (Volpone, Alchemist), born in London (d. 1637)

Playwright and Poet Ben Jonson
Playwright and Poet
Ben Jonson
  • 1588 George Wither, English writer (Abuses Stript and Whipt), born in Hampshire, England (d. 1667)
  • 1696 Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal, born in Inverugie Castle, Scotland (d. 1758)
  • 1713 Edward Capell, English critic, born in Troston Hall, Suffolk, England (d. 1781)
  • 1719 Franz K von Velbruck, German free mason/prince-bishop of Luik
  • 1723 Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer, 1st saw Halley's comet on return, born in Prohlis, Dresden, Germany (d. 1788)
  • 1741 Joseph Warren, American physician and soldier, born in Roxbury, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1775)
  • 1776 John Constable, English landscape painter (Hay Wain), born in East Bergholt, Suffolk, England (d. 1837)
  • 1807 James F. Schenck, American rear admiral (Mexican–American War), born in Franklin, Ohio (d. 1882)
  • 1808 Charles Henry Poor, U.S. Navy Officer, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1882)
  • 1815 Julia Margaret Cameron, English photographer, born in Calcutta, India (d. 1879)
  • 1816 Robert Huston Milroy, American Major General (Union Army), born in Salem, Indiana (d. 1890)
  • 1822 Samuel Davis Sturgis, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Shippensburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1889)
  • 1823 James Lawson Kemper, Major General (Confederate Army), born in Madison County, Virginia (d. 1895)
  • 1829 Hendrik Gerhard, Founder (Dutch Social-Democratic), born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1886)
  • 1840 Henri Braekeleer, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1888)
  • 1842 Prince Alfred, Liechtenstein noble and politician, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1907)
  • 1842 Carl von Linde, German engineer and chemist who invented mechanical refrigeration, born in Berndorf, Germany (d. 1934)
  • 1846 William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer, born in Washington, Kentucky (d. 1920)
  • 1847 Millicent Fawcett, English leader of women's rights, born in London (d. 1929)
  • 1863 Eduard David, German politician (constitution of Weimar), born in Ediger-Eller, Germany (d. 1930)
  • 1865 J. H. Leopold, Dutch poet (translated Omar Khayyam), born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 1925)
  • 1867 Charles Fabry, French physicist, discoverer of ozone layer in upper atmosphere, born in Marseille, France (d. 1945)
  • 1876 Alfred L. Kroeber, American anthropologist and author (Anthropologist looks at History), born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1960)
  • 1877 Renee Vivien, English-born poet, wrote in French, born in London (d. 1909)

Person of interestJeannette Rankin

1880 Jeannette Rankin, American politician, 1st woman elected to US Congress (R-Montana), women's rights advocate and pacifist, born in Missoula, Montana (d. 1973)

1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin
1st Woman Elected to Congress
Jeannette Rankin
  • 1886 David Barnard Steinman, American civil engineer and bridge designer (Hudson, Triborough), born in NYC, New York (d. 1960)
  • 1888 Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist (Sacco and Vanzetti Trial), born in Villafalletto, Italy (d. 1927)
  • 1892 Edward Shanks, British poet and critic, born in London, England (d. 1953)
  • 1894 Dai Vernon [David Frederick Wingfield Verner], Canadian magician, The Professor (d. 1992)
  • 1895 Nikolai Bulganin, Premier of USSR (1955-58), born in Gorky, Russia (d. 1975
  • 1897 Bruno Frei [Benedikt Freistadt], Austrian Marxist journalist, born in Bratislava (d. 1988)
  • 1899 Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese novelist (Thousand Cranes) and Nobel laureate (1968), born in Osaka (d. 1972)
  • 1900 Lawrence E. Spivak, American news panelist (Meet the Press), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1994)
  • 1903 Ernie Nevers, American College, Pro Football Hall of Fame fullback, coach (Stanford, Chicago Cardinals), born in Willow River, Minnesota (d. 1976)
  • 1904 Daphne Fielding, British socialite and writer, born in Westminster, London (d. 1997)
  • 1905 Richard Loeb, American murderer of Bobby Franks along with Nathan Leopold, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1936)
  • 1907 Anton Hildebrand, Dutch children's book writer (Man in the Moon), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1907 Paul Mellon, American philanthropist (Washington National Gallery of Art), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1999)
  • 1908 Clifford Leofric Purdy Bishop, Anglican pastor and bishop, born in Cley next the Sea, Suffolk, England (d. 1994)

Person of interestJacques Cousteau

1910 Jacques Cousteau, French oceanic explorer (Calypso), born in Saint-André-de-Cubzac, Gironde, France (d. 1997)

Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist Jacques Cousteau
Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist
Jacques Cousteau
  • 1912 William Baziotes, American painter (abstract expressionist), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1963)
  • 1912 Mary Lavin, Irish author (Tales from Bective Bridge), born in East Walpole, Massachusetts (d. 1996)
  • 1913 John Elliott Terry, British film financier (National Film Finance Corp) (d. 1995)
  • 1914 Hendrikus Berkhof, Dutch theologist (Church & Emperor), born in Appeltern, Gelderland, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • 1914 Jack Mann, British fighter pilot and hostage, kidnapped by Islamists in Lebanon in May 1989, born in Northampton, England (d. 1995)
  • 1915 David Kindersley, British stone letter-carver and typeface designer, born in Codicote, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Nicholas Metropolis, Greek-American mathematician, physicist and computer scientist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1999)
  • 1917 James Bostock, English wood engraver and artist, born in Hanley, Staffordshire, England (d. 2006)
  • 1917 Joseph B Wirthlin, American businessmen, religious leader, member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (LDS Church), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2008)
  • 1920 Bir Bikram Shah Deva Mahendra, King of Nepal (1955-72), born in Narayanhity Royal Palace, Kathmandu, Kingdom of Nepal (d. 1972)
  • 1920 Irving Howe, American writer and critic (World of Our Fathers), born in NYC, New York (d. 1993)
  • 1921 Beatrice "Fiet" van Ommeren-Samson, Suriname writer, born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 2012)
  • 1921 Michael Meyer, English novelist and translator, born in London (d. 2000)
  • 1922 Erving Goffman, American sociologist (presentation of self in everyday life), born in Mannville, Alberta, Canada (d. 1982)
  • 1923 Gerard Vaughan, British psychiatrist and politician (Conservative), born in Portuguese East Africa (d. 2000)
  • 1925 William Styron, American novelist (Confess of Nat Turner, Sophie's Choice), born in Newport News, Virginia (d. 2006)
  • 1926 John Aspinall, English zoo owner (Howletts; Port Lympne), and gambling club host, born in Delhi, British India (d. 2000)
  • 1927 Marcus Fox, British Conservative Party MP and chairman (1922 Committee), born in Batley, West Riding of Yorkshire, England (d. 2002)
  • 1928 Queen Fabiola of Belgium, Spanish Queen of Belgium, born in Zurbano Palace, Madrid, Spain (d. 2014)
  • 1928 Gerard van Leijenhorst, Dutch undersecretary of the Interior (CDA), born in Ede, Netherlands (d. 2001)
  • 1930 Anatoli Voronov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz 12a backup), born in Orenburg Oblast, Russia (d. 1993)
  • 1930 Charles Rangel, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York (1971-2017), born in NYC, New York
  • 1931 Kenneth Cameron, Baron Cameron of Lochbroom, Scottish judge, born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1932 Athol Fugard, South African anti-apartheid writer (Blood Knot), born in Middelburg, South Africa
  • 1932 Timothy Sainsbury, British politician and businessman
  • 1934 Henrik [Henri Marie Jean André de Laborde de Monpezat], Prince Consort of Denmark, born in Talence, Gironde, France (d. 2018)
  • 1934 Lady Annabel Goldsmith, English socialite, born in Westminster, London
  • 1936 Bryan Ingham, English artist, born in Preston, Lancashire (d. 1997)
  • 1937 J. Robin Warren, Australian pathologist (Nobel 2005), born in Adelaide, Australia
  • 1939 Barry Porter, British lawyer and Conservative Party politician (d. 1996)
  • 1940 Michael Wilkes, British commander (UK Field Army), born in Steep, Hampshire (d. 2013)

Person of interestHenry Hill

1943 Henry Hill Jr., American mobster and FBI informant (inspired Goodfellas), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2012)

Mobster and FBI informant Henry Hill
Mobster and FBI informant
Henry Hill
  • 1944 Alan Horworth, British politician (L), first Conservative to change to Labour party, born in London
  • 1944 Barrie Stevens, English-Dutch choreographer (Personals, Young Again), born in London
  • 1944 James "Ox" van Hoften, American astronaut (STS 11, STS 20), born in Fresno, California

Person of interestRobert Munsch

1945 Robert Munsch, Canadian children's author (The Paper Bag Princess, Love You Forever), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Children's Author Robert Munsch
Children's Author
Robert Munsch
  • 1947 Henry Cisneros, first Hispanic to serve as mayor of a major U.S. city (San Antonio), later Secretary of Housing and Urban Development in the Clinton Administration
  • 1947 Laloo Prasad Yadav, Indian politician (Minister of Railways, 2004-09), born in Gopalganj, Bihar, India
  • 1948 Anthony Nelson, British Labour politician, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1949 George Willig, American stuntman (The Human Fly, Spiderman) who climbed the World Trade Center in 1977, born in Queens, New York City
  • 1949 Benjamin Vasserman, Estonian graphic artist, born in Sovetsky, Kirov Oblast, Russia
  • 1951 Mark D. Siljander, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan (1981-87), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1951 Yasumasa Morimura, Japanese appropriation artist, born in Osaka, Japan
  • 1955 Tony Allcock, English bowls player (World Singles Champion (1986-87, 2002), born in Leicestershire

Person of interestRay Nagin

1956 [Clarence] Ray Nagin, American politician (Mayor of New Orleans, 2002-2010), born in New Orleans, Louisiana

Mayor of New Orleans Ray Nagin
Mayor of New Orleans
Ray Nagin
  • 1965 Manuel Uribe Garza, Mexican man who suffered from morbid obesity (peak weight of 600 kg), born in Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico (d. 2014)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1509 King Henry VIII (17) of England marries first wife Catherine of Aragon (23), widow of his brother Arthur

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
Spanish Princess, Queen of England Catherine of Aragon
Spanish Princess, Queen of England
Catherine of Aragon

LoveWedding of Interest

2011 Recording artist Lily Allen (26) weds Sam Cooper (32) at St. James The Great church in Gloucestershire, England

Recording Artist & Fashion Designer Lily Allen
Recording Artist & Fashion Designer
Lily Allen

Deaths in History

  • 1183 Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England (b. 1155)
  • 1216 Henry of Flanders, Emperor of the Latin Empire
  • 1249 Adelheid van Schaarbeek, Flemish mystic/saint, dies
  • 1479 Johannes a San Facundo, Spanish Augustine saint, dies
  • 1488 James III, King of Scots (1460-88), killed in battle or assassinated soon after at Milltown near Bannockburn at 36
  • 1557 John III, King of Portugal and the Algarves (1521-57), dies at 55
  • 1560 Marie Guise, Queen consort of Scotland upon her marriage to King James V of Scotland in 1538, dies at 44
  • 1665 Kenelm Digby, English philosopher and diplomat, dies at 61
  • 1666 Cornelis Evertsen the Elder, Dutch-Swiss vice-admiral, dies in battle at 55
  • 1674 Susanna van Baerle, Dutch poet/wife of Geeraert Burns, dies at 52
  • 1695 André Félibien, French architect (b. 1619)
  • 1698 Balthasar Bekker, Frisian theologist (Enchanted World), dies at 64
  • 1712 Louis Joseph, duc de Vendôme, Marshal of France (b. 1654)

Person of interestGeorge I

1727 George I, King of England (1714-27), dies of a stroke at 67

King George I
George I
  • 1766 Elisabeth Farnese, Princess of Parma and Queen of Spain (1714-24), dies at 73
  • 1796 Samuel Whitbread, English brewer and Member of Parliament, dies at 75
  • 1796 Nathaniel Gorham, American politician (6th President of the Confederation Congress), dies at 58
  • 1811 Charles Frederick, liberal ruler of Baden, dies at 82
  • 1825 Daniel D. Tompkins, American politician, 6th US Vice President (1817-25), dies at 50
  • 1828 Dugald Stewart, Scottish philosopher and mathematician (Scottish common sense), dies at 74
  • 1847 John Franklin, English rear admiral and explorer (Arctic), dies at 61
  • 1852 Karl Briullov, Russian painter, dies at 52
  • 1856 Friedrich H von der Hagen, German germanist, dies at 76
  • 1858 Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, Austrian statesman (b. 1773)
  • 1879 Willem, (crown)prince of Orange, dies of bronchitis or murder at 39
  • 1882 Louis Désiré Maigret, French Catholic prelate, dies at 77
  • 1886 Antonio C G Crespo, Brazilian/Portuguese poet, dies at 40
  • 1903 King Alexander I and Queen Draga of Serbia are assassinated by a group of army officers as part of a coup
  • 1903 Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician, dies at 65
  • 1906 Heinrich Hart, German writer (Das Lied der Menschheit), dies at 50
  • 1907 John Tyler Morgan, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 82
  • 1908 Georg Adler, Polish state economist, dies at 45
  • 1911 James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist, dies at 96
  • 1912 Leon Dierx, French poet (Amants), dies at 74
  • 1913 Machmud Shevket Pasha, Turks grand vizier, murdered
  • 1914 Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1848)
  • 1924 Alexander de Savornin Lohman, Dutch minister and party leader (CHU), dies at 87
  • 1929 Gyula Andrássy, Jr., Hungarian politician (Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary (1918-20)), dies at 68
  • 1930 Henry Clay Folger, American CEO of Standard Oil and founder of the Folger Shakespeare Library, dies at 72
  • 1934 Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (b. 1896)
  • 1936 Robert E. Howard, American pulp fiction author (Conan the Barbarian), commits suicide aged 30
  • 1936 Julius Nieuwland, Belgian-American chemist (inventor of neoprene), dies at 58
  • 1937 R. J. (Reginald Joseph) Mitchell, British aircraft designer (b. 1895)
  • 1941 Daniel Carter Beard, American author, social reformer and founder of the Boy Scouts of America, dies at 91
  • 1947 David I. Walsh, 46th Governor of Massachusetts, dies at 74
  • 1949 Koci Xoxe, Albanian vice-premier, executed
  • 1949 Oton Zupanic, Slavs poet (Zimzelen pod snegom), dies at 71
  • 1955 Jacques Lemaigre-Dubreuil, French industrialist, murdered
  • 1956 Corrado Alvaro, Italian writer (Poesie grigio-verdi), dies at 61
  • 1963 Thích Quảng Đức, Buddhist monk, immolates himself on a street in Saigon at the age of 65-66
  • 1964 Frank D. Smith, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame administrator (Beaches/Greater Toronto Hockey League), dies at 70
  • 1965 José Mendes Cabeçadas, 95th Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th President of Portugal (b. 1883)
  • 1965 Vernon Johns, American civil rights activist, dies at 73
  • 1969 John L. Lewis, American labour leader, formed Congress of Industrial Organizations, dies at 89
  • 1970 Aleksander Kerensky, Minister-Chairman of the Russian Provisional Government (1917), dies at 89
  • 1970 Frank Laubach, Benton Pa, taught reading through phonetics, dies
  • 1970 William 'Billy Batts' Devino, American crime figure (b. 1921)
  • 1974 Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (b. 1898)
  • 1974 Eurico Gaspar Dutra, President of Brazil (b. 1883)
  • 1981 Eppo Doeve, Dutch cartoonist and painter, dies at 73
  • 1984 Enrico Berlinguer, Italian National Secreatary of Italian Communist Party (PCI), dies at 62
  • 1985 Karen Ann Quinlan, comatose patient, dies in Morris Plains NJ at 31
  • 1986 Chesley Bonestell, American-born engineer, architect, and artist (b. 1888)
  • 1988 Giuseppe Saragat, 5th President of Italy (1964-71), dies at 89
  • 1992 Marjorie Newell Robb, oldest living survivor of Titanic, dies at 103
  • 1992 Marlene Hazlett, entertainer, dies of cancer
  • 1993 Muriel C. Bradbrook, English writer (Rise of Common Player), dies at 84
  • 1994 Kitty Muggeridge, British author and translator, dies at 90
  • 1995 Luigi Innocenti, designer, dies at 71
  • 1996 Kevin Meadows, gay rights activist, dies at 21
  • 1997 Thalassa Cruso, English-American gardening expert (The Mike Douglas Show, The Tonight Show), dies of Alzheimer's at 88
  • 1998 Catherine Cookson, English novelist (Bannaman Legacy), dies at 91

Person of interestTimothy McVeigh

2001 Timothy McVeigh, American Oklahoma City bomber and terrorist, executed for bombing Oklahoma City at 33

Oklahoma City Bomber and Terrorist Timothy McVeigh
Oklahoma City Bomber and Terrorist
Timothy McVeigh
  • 2004 Egon von Fürstenberg, Swiss fashion designer, dies at 57
  • 2004 Xenophon Zolotas, Greek politician (b. 1904)
  • 2005 VVasco Gonçalves, Portuguese army officer and 103rd Prime Minister of Portugal (1974-75), dies at 84
  • 2006 Bruce Shand, father of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall (b. 1917)
  • 2006 Michael Bartosh, computer expert and author (b. 1977)
  • 2006 George Washington, American boxing trainer (Riddick Bowe and Mark Breland), dies of heart failure at 79
  • 2007 Imre Friedmann, American scientist (b. 1921)
  • 2008 Võ Văn Kiệt, former prime minister of Vietnam (b. 1922)
  • 2010 Zenani Mandela, Nelson Mandela's great granddaughter (b. 1997)
  • 2012 Norman F Lent, American republican Congressman, dies from cancer at 81
  • 2013 Robert Fogel, American economic historian (Nobel Prize 1993), dies at 86
  • 2014 Ruby Dee, American actress (A Raisin in the Sun, American Gangster), dies at 91
  • 2019 Martin Feldstein, American economist (1977 John Bates Clark Medal), chief economic adviser to President Reagan, dies at 79