On This Day

On This Day in History for June 12

Events in History

  • 28 Roman General Gaius Carrinas' triumphant procession through Rome, awarded for fighting in Gaul

Poll Tax Triggers the Peasants' RevoltPoll Tax Triggers the Peasants' Revolt

1381 Peasants' Revolt: in England, rebels arrive at Blackheath

Read Article
King Richard addresses the peasants. Wat Tyler lies wounded behind him. Illustration from a medieval manuscript.
King Richard addresses the peasants. Wat Tyler lies wounded behind him. Illustration from a medieval manuscript.
Read Article
  • 1418 An insurrection delivers Paris to the Burgundians

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1442 King Alfonso V of Aragon occupies Naples

  • 1523 Frisian rebel leader Jancko Douwama arrested
  • 1534 Turkish admiral Chaireddin "Barbarossa" allows Giulia Gonzaga to kidnap and plunder in Naples
  • 1552 Land guardians of Netherlands attack Verdun
  • 1553 King Edward VI accepts Archbishop Cranmer's "42 Articles"
  • 1560 Battle of Okehazama: Oda Nobunaga defeats Imagawa Yoshimoto.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1651 The newly completed Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi (Fountain of the Four Rivers) by Gian Lorenzo Bernini is unveiled in Rome

Baroque Sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Baroque Sculptor
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
  • 1653 - 13] First Anglo-Dutch War: Battle of the Gabbard/ Battle at North Foreland, English fleet beats the Dutch
  • 1665 New Amsterdam legally becomes an English colony and renamed New York after English Duke of York
  • 1665 England installs a municipal government in New York City
  • 1667 -13] Michiel de Ruyter destroys English fleet
  • 1672 French army under Gen Turenne crosses Rhine at Lobith

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1673 Charles II's brother duke James of York resigns as Lord High Admiral

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1683 Rye house plot against English King Charles II uncovered

English Politician John Trenchard
English Politician
John Trenchard
King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1691 Pope Innocent XII succeeds Alexander VIII
  • 1701 Act of Settlement gives English crown to Sophia, Princess of Hanover
  • 1714 Prussia and Russia sign secret treaty
  • 1772 Marion du Fresne is killed at Tacoury's Cove, Bay of Islands, New Zealand, by local Māori
  • 1775 1st naval battle of Revolution-Unity (US) captures Margaretta (Br)
  • 1776 Virginia adopts Declaration of Rights
  • 1787 US Law passes providing a senator must be at least 30 years old
  • 1792 Captain George Vancouver discovers site of Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1819 Dutch colonial troops driven out of Palembang, Sumatra
  • 1830 Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: 34,000 French soldiers land 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch
  • 1838 Hopkins Observatory, dedicated in Williamstown, Massachusetts
  • 1838 Iowa Territory forms with Burlington as its capital
  • 1840 Meteorite hits Uden, Netherlands
  • 1845 George Abernethy becomes 1st governor of Oregon Country
  • 1849 Gas mask patented by Lewis Haslett (Louisville, Kentucky)
  • 1859 Comstock Silver Lode in Nevada discovered, first major silver discovery in the US
  • 1860 The State Bank of the Russian Empire is established.
  • 1861 Missouri Governor Claiborne Jackson calls for 50,000 volunteers to stop Federates from taking over his state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 General Lee sends Jubal A. Early into Shenandoah Valley

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee

  • 1864 Skirmish at Mcafee's Cross Road, Georgia, about 57 die in battle
  • 1864 The Battle of Trevilian Station, the bloodiest and largest all-cavalry battle of the American Civil War in Louisa County ends with Confederate tactical victory and Union successful retreat
  • 1867 Austro-Hungarian Empire forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 John William Strutt [Lord Raleigh] becomes President of the Royal Society (UK)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate John William Strutt
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
John William Strutt
  • 1881 The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, is crushed by Arctic ice after 21 months of ice-bound drifting
  • 1885 Roof collapse kills 30 at murder trial in France
  • 1889 88 people are killed in the Armagh rail disaster, Ireland.
  • 1892 Netherlands Society for Currency & Coin collecting forms
  • 1897 Possibly the most severe quake in history strikes Assam, India, Shock waves felt over an area size of Europe (low mortality rate given size of earthquake, 1,500 casualties).

Philippine <b>Revolution</b>Philippine Revolution

1898 Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1899 New Richmond Tornado: the eighth deadliest tornado in U.S. history kills 117 peoples and injures around 200
  • 1900 In Germany, the Reichstag pass the second Navy Bill, which calls for doubling the German Navy within 20 years
  • 1901 In Cuba, the constitutional convention - knowing that the USA will not withdraw its troops until does so - adopts the Platt Amendment as part of its constitution
  • 1903 Niagara Falls, Ontario incorporated as a city
  • 1908 Lusitania crosses Atlantic in record 4 days 15 hours (NYC)
  • 1917 US Secret Service extends protection of the President to include his family
  • 1918 1st aerial bombing raid by an American unit, France
  • 1919 Dutch 2nd Chamber accord for equal Christian-public education
  • 1920 Farmer Labor Party organized (Chicago)
  • 1922 German Reich president Friedrich Ebert visits Munich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Harry Houdini frees himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet (12 m) above ground in NYC

Magician and Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician and Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1926 Brazil leaves League of Nations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Al Capone is indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition and perjury

Gangster Al Capone
Al Capone
  • 1933 Financial and Economy World conference opens (66 countries)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Black-McKeller Bill passes causes the break-up of William Boeing's empire into Boeing United Aircraft [Technologies] and United Airlines

Aviation Pioneer William Boeing
Aviation Pioneer
William Boeing
  • 1935 Weapons pact ends 3 year war of Gran Chaco (Bolivia vs Paraguay)
  • 1935 Senator Huey Long of Louisiana speaks continually for 15½ hours in then Senate's longest speech (150,000 words)
  • 1936 1st 50 KW US radio station (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)


1937 After a one-day show trial, eight Soviet generals are sentenced to death and executed by the NKVD

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Anne Frank gets her diary as a birthday present in Amsterdam

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Hitler orders enslavement of Slavic peoples

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 Tornado kills 35 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • 1944 1st V-1 rocket assault on London
  • 1944 British 12th airborne battalion and the 13th & 18th Hussars attack and capture Bréville
  • 1944 Churchill/Marshall/Arnold visit Montgomery's HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • 1944 US troop march into Carentan/Caumont, Normandy
  • 1945 US 7th Marine regiment conquer summit of Kunishi Ridge, Okinawa
  • 1950 2 Air France DC-4s crash near Bahrain, about 100 die
  • 1952 USSR declares peace treaty with Japan invalid
  • 1957 Paul Anderson of US back-lifts a record 2850 kg (6,270 lbs)

  • 1961 Dutch Lockheed Electricity "Sirius" accident at Cairo, kills 20
  • 1962 Laos Prince Souvanna Phouma forms coalition government
  • 1962 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 56,270 m
  • 1963 American civil rights activist Medgar Evers is assassinated by white supremacist Byron De La Beckwith in Jackson, Mississippi

Nelson Mandela Begins 27 Years in JailNelson Mandela Begins 27 Years in Jail

1964 Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life in prison in South Africa

Read Article
Nelson Mandela and Diana, Princess of Wales, share a fun moment in March 1997
Nelson Mandela and Diana, Princess of Wales, share a fun moment in March 1997
Read Article
  • 1965 South Vietnam Gen Nguyen Cao Ky succeeds Phan Huy Quat as premier
  • 1965 Big Bang theory of creation of universe is supported by announcement of discovery of new celestial bodies know as blue galaxies
  • 1967 Race riot in Cincinnati Ohio (300 arrested)
  • 1967 In the case of Loving v. Virginia, United States Supreme Court unanimously strikes down laws against interracial marriages
  • 1967 USSR launches Venera 4 for parachute landing on Venus
  • 1973 Coleraine bombings: six Protestant civilians were killed and 33 wounded by a Provisional Irish Republican Army car bomb in Coleraine, County Londonderry
  • 1975 Billy Williams's 400th career HR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Groundbreaking ceremony for John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1978 David Berkowitz sentenced in NY Supreme Court to 25 yrs to life
  • 1978 US House of Representatives allows live radio coverage
  • 1979 Kevin St Onge throws a playing card a record 185 ft-1 inch; record broken in 1992
  • 1979 Opening ceremony at Cambridge Buddhist Association meditation in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1979 Sandinista occupies parts of Managua
  • 1979 Bryan Allen flew man-powered Gossamer Albatross over English Channel in a human-powered aircraft; flight took 2 hrs, 49 min

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 Ronald Reagan says he will submit to periodic medical tests

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1981 Only candidate Hassan Gouled Aptidon wins Djibouti Presidential election
  • 1982 750,000 anti-nuclear demonstrators, rally in Central Park NYC
  • 1982 Battle of Mount Longdon Falkland Islands
  • 1982 Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel perform in Rotterdam

Birthdays in History

  • 1107 Emperor Gaozong of Song, 10th emperor of Song dynasty, born in China (d. 1187)
  • 1519 Cosimo I de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and art patron of Florence, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1574)
  • 1577 Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (Guldinus theorem), born in Mels, Switzerland (d. 1643)
  • 1599 Johan Wolfert van Brederode, Dutch governor (Hertogenbosch) and field marshal, born in Heusden, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands (d. 1655)
  • 1659 Yamamoto Tsunetomo, Japanese samurai (d. 1719)
  • 1771 Patrick Gass, sergeant of Lewis and Clark Expedition, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1870)
  • 1775 Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal, born in Halle, Germany (d. 1851)
  • 1777 Robert Clark, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York (1819-21), born in Washington County, New York (d. 1837)
  • 1795 John Marston, U.S. Navy officer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1885)
  • 1798 Samuel Cooper, American General (Confederate Army), born in New Hackensack, Dutchess County, New York (d. 1876)
  • 1802 Harriet Martineau, British controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist, born in Norwich, Norfolk, England (d. 1876)
  • 1806 John A. Roebling, German-American civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), born in Mühlhausen, Germany (d. 1869)
  • 1812 Edmond Hébert, French geologist, born in Villefargau, Yonne, France (d. 1890)
  • 1819 Charles Kingsley [Parson Lot], English vicar and historian (Westward Ho!), born in Holne Vicarage, England (d. 1875)
  • 1821 Henry Moses Judah, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Snow Hill, Maryland (d. 1866)
  • 1825 John Cook, American bugler (Union Army), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1910)
  • 1827 Johanna Spyri, Swiss children's book author (Heidi), born in Hirzel, Switzerland (d. 1901)
  • 1835 George Atzerodt, American conspirator who failed to attempt an assassination of Vice President Andrew Johnson on the night Abraham Lincoln was murdered, born in Dorna, German Confederation (d. 1865)
  • 1851 Oliver Joseph Lodge, English physicist, early radio pioneer, born in Penkhull, England (d. 1940)

Person of interestThomas J. Walsh

1859 Thomas J. Walsh, United States Senator (Montana), born in Two Rivers, Wisconsin (d. 1933)

Lawyer and Politician Thomas J. Walsh
Lawyer and Politician
Thomas J. Walsh
  • 1877 Thomas C. Hart, U.S. admiral and commander (Pacific Fleet), born in Davison, Michigan (d. 1971)
  • 1878 James Oliver Curwood, American journalist and writer (Kazan the wolfdog), born in Owosso, Michigan (d. 1927)
  • 1888 Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1920)
  • 1890 Egon Schiele, Austrian painter and graphic artist, born in Tulln an der Donau, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1918)
  • 1892 Djuna Barnes, American author (Nightwood), born in Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York (d. 1982)
  • 1892 Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1973)
  • 1895 Eugénie Brazier, French chef who was the 1st woman to earn 3 Michelin stars (1933), and the 1st person earn 3 Michelin stars for 2 restaurants, born in La Tranclière, Ain, France (d. 1977)

Person of interestAnthony Eden

1897 Anthony Eden, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1955-57) and Foreign Secretary, born in Rushyford, England (d. 1977)

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
  • 1900 Betsy van Es, Flemish actress (Sonna), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1955)
  • 1902 Hendrik Elias, Flemish historian and Mayor of Ghent (1941-44), born in Machelen, Belgium (d. 1973)
  • 1906 Sandro Penna, Italian poet, born in Perugia, Italy (d. 1977)
  • 1908 Ronald Selby Wright, Scottish Church of Scotland minister, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1995)
  • 1910 Bill Naughton [William John Francis Naughton], English playwright (Alfie), born in Ballyhaunis, Ireland (d. 1992)

Person of interestMilovan Djilas

1911 Milovan Djilas, Yugoslavian politician and writer (The New Class), born in Podbišće, Montenegro (d. 1995)

Politician and Writer Milovan Djilas
Politician and Writer
Milovan Djilas
  • 1913 Jean Victor Allard, Canadian army general, born in Sainte-Monique-de-Nicolet, Quebec (d. 1996)
  • 1915 David Rockefeller, American CEO (Chase Manhattan Bank) and philanthropist, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1915 Christopher Mayhew, British politician (d. 1997)
  • 1916 Irwin Allen, American director (Land of the Giants, Poseidon Adventure), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)
  • 1920 Dave Berg, American cartoonist (The Lighter Side of...), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1920 William Woodward Jr., American businessman and horse breeder (Hanover National Bank), born in Oyster Bay, New York (d. 1955)
  • 1921 H. C. Artmann, Austrian writer, born in Vienna (d. 2000)
  • 1921 Christopher Derrick, British writer, born in Hungerford, Berkshire, England (d. 2007)
  • 1923 Marta Pan, Hungarian-French sculptor (Great spiral), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2008)

Person of interestGeorge H. W. Bush

1924 George H. W. Bush, 41st US President (R, 1989-93) and 43rd US Vice President (R, 1981-89), born in Milton, Massachusetts

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1927 Henry Slesar, American writer and playwright (The Edge of Night), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1928 Michael Wishart, British figurative painter, born in London (d. 1996)

Person of interestAnne Frank

1929 Anne Frank, Dutch Diarist and Jewish victim of the Nazi Holocaust (Diary of Anne Frank), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1945)

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1929 Brigid Brophy, British novelist (Hackenfeller's Ape) and campaigner, born in Ealing, London (d. 1995)
  • 1929 Jameel Jalibi, Pakistani scholar, writer, and Urdu linguist, born in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, British India
  • 1930 Barbara Harris, 1st US Episcopal female bishop, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2020)
  • 1930 Hans Koetsier, Dutch sculptor artist (KLM-Schiphol), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • 1931 Barbara Hillary, American adventurer, 1st black woman to reach the North Pole, born in New York City (d. 2019)
  • 1932 Rona Jaffe, American novelist (Mazes & Monsters), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1933 Eddie Adams, American photographer (photograph of execution of a Viet Cong soldier, Pulitzer Prize 1969), born in New Kensington, Pennsylvania (d. 2004)
  • 1935 Christoph Meckel, German writer, born in Berlin
  • 1936 Bill Zeliff, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New Hampshire (1991-97), born in East Orange, New Jersey
  • 1937 Vladimir Arnold, Russian mathematician (Kolmogorov–Arnold–Moser theorem), born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 2010)
  • 1937 Antal Festetics, Austrian biologist and zoologist, born in Budapest, Hungary
  • 1939 Frank McCloskey, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana (1983-95), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
  • 1941 Lucille Roybal-Allard, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1942 Bert Sakmann, German cell physiologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1991), born in Stuttgart, Germany
  • 1942 Homer Neal, African-American particle physicist, born in Franklin, Kentucky (d. 2018)
  • 1945 Alfred Gell, British social anthropologist (d. 1997)
  • 1946 Harry Glasper, English writer, born in Middlesbrough, England
  • 1946 John Steinbeck IV, American journalist, author and son of John Steinbeck, born in New York City
  • 1948 Barry Bailey, American rocker (Atlanta Rhythm Section), born in Decatur, Georgia
  • 1949 Yuri Baturin, Russian cosmonaut (SK:Soyuz TM-28), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1951 Andranik Margaryan, 14th Prime Minister of Armenia (2000-07), born in Yerevan, Armenia (d. 2007)
  • 1952 Spencer Abraham, American politician, 10th United States Secretary of Energy, born in East Lansing, Michigan
  • 1953 Allan Weiner, American pirate radio station owner, born in Yonkers, New York
  • 1954 Neil Oatley, English engineer, born in Camberwell, London
  • 1958 Fernando "Frank" Caldeiro, Argentine-American astronaut, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1959 Jervis Johnson, Games Designer for Games Workshop, Nottingham, born in London
  • 1961 Jim Goad, American author and publisher (ANSWER Me!), born in Ridley Park, Pennsylvania
  • 1961 Yuri Rozanov, Russian sports broadcaster (NTV Plus, Match TV; TEFI Award 2012), born in Zagorsk, Russia (d. 2021)

Person of interestJordan Peterson

1962 Jordan Peterson, Canadian psychologist and author (12 Rules for Life), born in Edmonton, Alberta

Psychologist and Author Jordan Peterson
Psychologist and Author
Jordan Peterson
  • 1963 Warwick Capper, Australian rules footballer, born in Victoria, Australia
  • 1972 Bounty Killer [Rodney Basil Price], Jamaican deejay, born in Trench Town, Kingston, Jamaica
  • 1973 Darryl White, Australian rules footballer (Brisbane Bears), born in Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Australia
  • 1985 Blake Ross, American software developer (co-creator of the Mozilla Firefox internet browser), born in Miami, Florida

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1733 King of Prussia Frederick the Great (21) weds duchess Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern (18) at Schloss Salzdahlum in Wolfenbüttel, Germany

King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great

LoveWedding of Interest

1927 Inventor and electrical engineer Guglielmo Marconi (53) weds Maria Cristina Bezzi-Scali

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi

LoveWedding of Interest

1949 Religious leader Jim Jones (18) weds nurse Marceline Baldwin

Founder of the Peoples Temple Cult Jim Jones
Founder of the Peoples Temple Cult
Jim Jones
  • 1971 Tricia Nixon & Edward F Cox marry at White House

LoveWedding of Interest

1994 Astronaut Neil Armstrong (63) marries second wife Carol Held Knight

Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong

Deaths in History

  • 816 Leo III, Italian Pope (795-816), dies
  • 918 Ethelfleda, Lady of the Mercians
  • 1020 Lyfing, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1036 Tedald, Bishop of Arezzo (1023-1031)
  • 1231 Antonius van Padua [Fernando M de Bulhom], Port minister, dies at 35
  • 1418 Bernard VII, Count of Armagnac, Constable of France (b. 1360)
  • 1435 John FitzAlan, 14th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (b. 1408)
  • 1490 Adriaan Vilain II of Rassegem, peace of Tours, murdered at about 39
  • 1560 Imagawa Yoshimoto, Japanese daimyo (b. 1519)
  • 1560 Ii Naomori, Japanese warrior (b. 1506)
  • 1565 Adrianus Turnebus, French classical scholar (b. 1512)
  • 1567 Richard Rich, 1st Baron Rich, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1490)
  • 1647 Thomas Farnaby, English grammarian
  • 1675 Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy (1638-75), dies at 40
  • 1687 Jurriaen van Streeck, Dutch still life painter, buried
  • 1758 Augustus William, Prince of Prussia, dies from a brain tumor at 35
  • 1759 William Collins, English poet (Ode to Simplicity), dies at 37
  • 1760 Antoine Court, French minister and itinerant preacher in the Reformed church who restored Protestantism to France, dies at 69
  • 1772 Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, French explorer (made important discoveries in the south Indian Ocean, in Tasmania and in New Zealand), killed by local Maori in New Zealand at 48 (b. 1724)
  • 1778 Philip Livingston, American businessman and politician (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • 1788 Johann A Cramer, prime minister/poet, dies at 65
  • 1789 Jean E Liotard [Turk], Swiss painter (Maria-Theresia), dies
  • 1816 Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (b. 1757)
  • 1818 Egwale Seyon, Emperor of Ethiopia
  • 1842 Thomas Arnold, English educator and historian (History of Rome), dies at 46
  • 1850 Jean Victor de Constant Rebecque, Swiss-Dutch army leader, dies at 77
  • 1853 Johannes Cornelis de Jonge, Dutch historian and archivist, dies at 60
  • 1858 Cornelis Smit, Dutch ship builder, dies at 74
  • 1878 Hendrik Jut, Dutch murderer (Head of Jut), dies at 26
  • 1878 William Cullen Bryant, American poet (Thanatopsis), dies at 83
  • 1883 John Randolph Tucker, American naval officer (Confederate Navy), dies at 71
  • 1888 Carel Vosmaer, art historian/poet/editor (Neth Spectator), dies at 62
  • 1904 Camille de Renesse, Belgian nobleman and entrepreneur, dies at 67
  • 1912 Frederic Passy, French economist/pacifist (Nobel 1901), dies
  • 1922 Wolfgang Kapp, German politician (Kapp putsch 1920), dies at 63
  • 1928 Salvador Díaz Mirón, Mexican poet (Los Cien Mejores Poemas), dies at 74
  • 1932 René de Clerq, Flemish poet/writer (Book of Love), dies
  • 1932 ThTheo Heemskerk, Dutch lawyer and chairman of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister), dies at 79
  • 1936 Isidore Weiss, French checker player (world champion x 7), dies at 69
  • 1936 Karl Kraus, Austrian satirical writer, dies at 62
  • 1936 M. R. James, English scholar and author (Ghost Stories of an Antiquary), dies at 73
  • 1937 Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1893)

Person of interestEmil Hácha

1945 Emil Hácha, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1938-9, State President of Bohemia and Moravia, 1939-1945), dies in prison in mysterious circumstances at 72

President of Czechoslovakia Emil Hácha
President of Czechoslovakia
Emil Hácha
  • 1946 Count Hisaichi Terauchi, Japanese fieldmarshal, dies
  • 1952 Michael von Faulhaber, Cardinal/archbishop of Munich, dies at 83
  • 1958 Marinus van Meel, Dutch aviator and aircraft manufacturer, dies at 77
  • 1963 Andrew Browne, Irish/British admiral (Cape Matapan, WW II), dies at 80
  • 1963 Medgar Evers, American civil rights activist, NAACP official, shot in Jackson, Mississippi at 37
  • 1969 Alexander Deyneka, Ukrainian painter (b. 1899)
  • 1972 Edmund Wilson, American writer (To the Finland station), dies at 79
  • 1972 Saul David Alinsky, radical writer (John L Lewis), dies at 63
  • 1975 Alfred Kurella, German author and functionary of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany in East Germany, dies at 80
  • 1976 Nguyễn Ngọc Thơ, Prime Minister of South Vietnam, dies at 68
  • 1978 Guo Moruo, Chinese scholar and writer, dies at 85
  • 1980 Billy Butlin, Founder of the brand of holiday venues known as Butlins (b. 1899)
  • 1982 Karl von Frisch, Austrian ethologist and bee expert (Nobel 1973), dies at 95
  • 1982 Sgt Ian McKay VC, Platoon Sergeant 4 Platoon, B Company, 3rd Battalion, the Parachute Regiment (British Army) (Falklands War) (b. 1953)
  • 1985 Edmund Perry, 17 and newly graduated from N.H. prep. high school, shot and killed in Manhattan by NYPD undercover officer Lee Vanhouten, who claimed Perry tried to rob him
  • 1986 Antoon Breyne, Belgian journalist, dies at 76
  • 1986 Tony Desimone, combo leader (Ernie in Kovacsland), dies at 66

Person of interestTerence O'Neill

1990 Terence O'Neill, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (Ulster Unionist Party: 1963-69), dies of cancer at 75

Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill
Northern Ireland Prime Minister
Terence O'Neill
  • 1992 Edward Fleming, Danish director (Lille Spejl), dies
  • 1992 Renie Irene Brouillet Conley, American costume designer (Cleopatra), dies at 90
  • 1994 Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Russian-American rabbi (head of Lubavitcher Jews), dies at 92
  • 1994 Nicole Brown Simpson, German-American ex-wife of O.J. Simpson, murdered at 35
  • 1994 Otto Roesch, paleontologist, dies at 93
  • 1994 Ron Goldman, waiter, murdered with wife of O.J. Simpson at 27
  • 1996 MacKenzie John, pipe major, dies at 83
  • 1998 Leo Buscaglia, American psychologist known as "Dr Love" (Love), dies of a heart attack at 74
  • 2000 P. L. Deshpande, Indian Marathi writer, dies at 80
  • 2002 Bill Blass, American fashion designer, dies at 79
  • 2006 Kenneth Roy Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman and art collector (b. 1923)
  • 2007 Colin Fletcher, Welsh author and pioneering backpacker (Walking Through Time), dies of complications from an old head injury at 85
  • 2010 Egon Ronay, Hungarian food critic, dies at 94

Person of interestHenry Hill

2012 Henry Hill Jr., American mobster and FBI informant, dies from a heart condition at 69

Mobster and FBI informant Henry Hill
Mobster and FBI informant
Henry Hill
  • 2016 George V. Voinovich, US politician (R), Senator and Governor of Ohio, dies at 79
  • 2020 William S. Sessions, American director of FBI (1987-93), dies at 90