On This Day in History for June 12

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 137

  • 28 Gaius Carrinas' triumphant procession through Rome
  • 1381 Peasants' Revolt: in England, rebels arrive at Blackheath.
  • 1418 An insurrection delivers Paris to the Burgundians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1442 King Alfonso V of Aragon occupies Naples

  • 1523 Frisian rebel leader Jancko Douwama arrested
  • 1534 Turkish admiral Chaireddin "Barbarossa" allows Giulia Gonzaga to kidnap & plunder Naples
  • 1552 Land guardians of Netherlands attack Verdun
  • 1553 King Edward VI accept archbishop Cranmer's "42 Articles"
  • 1560 Battle of Okehazama: Oda Nobunaga defeats Imagawa Yoshimoto.
  • 1653 - 13] First Anglo-Dutch War: Battle of the Gabbard/ Battle at North Foreland, English fleet beats the Dutch
  • 1665 New Amsterdam legally becomes an English colony and renamed New York after English Duke of York
  • 1665 England installs a municipal government in New York City
  • 1667 -13] Michiel de Ruyter destroys English fleet
  • 1672 French army under Gen Turenne crosses Rhine at Lobith

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1673 Charles II's brother duke James of York resigns as Lord High Admiral

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1683 Rye House plot against English king Charles II uncovered
  • 1691 Pope Innocent XII succeeds Alexander VIII
  • 1701 Act of Settlement gives English crown to Sophia, Princess of Hanover
  • 1714 Prussia & Russia sign secret treaty
  • 1772 Marion du Fresne is killed at Tacoury's Cove, Bay of Islands, New Zealand, by local Māori
  • 1775 1st naval battle of Revolution-Unity (US) captures Margaretta (Br)
  • 1776 Virginia adopts Declaration of Rights
  • 1787 US Law passes providing a senator must be at least 30 years old
  • 1792 Captain George Vancouver discovers site of Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1819 Dutch colonial troops driven out of Palembang, Sumatra
  • 1830 Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: 34,000 French soldiers land 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch
  • 1838 Hopkins Observatory, dedicated in Williamstown, Mass
  • 1838 Iowa Territory forms with Burlington as its capital
  • 1840 Meteorite hits Uden, Netherlands
  • 1845 George Abernethy becomes 1st governor of Oregon Country
  • 1849 Gas mask patented by Lewis Haslett (Louisville Ky)
  • 1859 Comstock Silver Lode in Nevada discovered
  • 1860 The State Bank of the Russian Empire is established.
  • 1861 Missouri Governor Claiborne Jackson calls for 50,000 volunteers to stop Federates from taking over his state
  • 1864 Lee sends Early into Shenandoah Valley
  • 1864 Skirmish at Mcafee's Cross Road Georgia, about 57 dies in battle
  • 1867 Austro-Hungarian Empire forms
  • 1881 The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, is crushed by Arctic ice after 21 months of ice-bound drifting
  • 1885 Roof collapse kills 30 at murder trial in France
  • 1889 88 people are killed in the Armagh rail disaster, Ireland.
  • 1892 Netherlands Society for Currency & Coin collecting forms
  • 1897 Possibly most severe quake in history strikes Assam, India; shock waves felt over an area size of Europe (low mortality rate given size of earthquake, 1,500 casualties)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1899 New Richmond Tornado: the eighth deadliest tornado in U.S. history kills 117 peoples and injures around 200.
  • 1900 In Germany, the Reichstag pass the second Navy Bill, which calls for doubling the German Navy within 20 years
  • 1901 In Cuba, the constitutional convention - knowing that the USA will not withdraw its troops until does so - adopts the Platt Amendment as part of its constitution
  • 1903 Niagara Falls, Ontario incorporated as a city
  • 1907 Yanks commit 11 errors & lose 14-6 to Tigers
  • 1908 Lusitania crosses Atlantic in record 4 days 15 hours (NYC)
  • 1909 "Shine On, Harvest Moon" by Ada Jones & Billy Murray hits #1
  • 1917 US Secret Service extends protection of the President to include his family

  • 1918 1st aerial bombing raid by an American unit, France
  • 1919 Dutch 2nd Chamber accord for equal Christian-public education
  • 1920 Farmer Labor Party organized (Chicago)
  • 1922 German Reich president Friedrich Ebert visits Munich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Harry Houdini frees himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet (12 m) above ground in NYC

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1926 Brazil leaves League of Nations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Al Capone is indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition & perjury

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone
  • 1933 Financial & Economy World conference opens (66 countries)
  • 1934 Black-McKeller Bill passes causes Bill Boeing empire to break up into Boeing United Aircraft [Technologies] & United Airlines
  • 1935 Weapons pact ends 3 year war of Gran Chaco (Bolivia vs Paraguay)
  • 1935 Senator Huey Long of Louisiana spoke continually for 15½ hours in Senate's longest speech on record (150,000 words)
  • 1936 1st 50 KW US radio station (Pittsburgh Pa)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 USSR executes 8 army leaders as Stalin's purge continues

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Anne Frank gets her diary as a birthday present in Amsterdam

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Hitler orders enslavement of Slavic peoples

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 Tornado kills 35 in Oklahoma City
  • 1944 1st V-1 rocket assault on London
  • 1944 British 12th airborne batallion and the 13th & 18th Hussars attack and capture Bréville
  • 1944 Churchill/Marshall/Arnold visit Montgomery's HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • 1944 US troop march into Carentan/Caumont, Normandy
  • 1945 US 7th Marine regiment conquer summit of Kunishi Ridge, Okinawa
  • 1948 "William Tell Overture" by Spike Jones peaks at #6
  • 1950 2 Air France DC-4s crash near Bahrain, about 100 die
  • 1952 USSR declares peace treaty with Japan invalid
  • 1952 2nd Berlin International Film Festival: "One Summer of Happiness" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • 1954 Bill Haley's "Rock Around the Clock" is originally released
  • 1957 Paul Anderson of US back-lifts a record 2850 kg (6,270 lbs)
  • 1961 Dutch Lockheed Electricity "Sirius" accident at Cairo, kills 20
  • 1962 Laos Prince Souvanna Phouma forms coalition government
  • 1962 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 56,270 m

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life in prison in South Africa

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

1965 Sonny & Cher make their 1st TV appearance in "American Bandstand"

Goddess of Pop  Cher
Goddess of Pop
Cher
  • 1965 South Vietnam Gen Nguyen Cao Ky succeeds Phan Huy Quat as premier
  • 1965 Big Bang theory of creation of universe is supported by announcement of discovery of new celestial bodies know as blue galaxies
  • 1966 Dave Clark Five sets record as they appear for 12th time on Ed Sullivan Show
  • 1967 Race riot in Cincinnati Ohio (300 arrested)
  • 1967 US Supreme Court unanimously ends laws against interracial marriages
  • 1967 USSR launches Venera 4 for parachute landing on Venus
  • 1972 John Lennon's political "Sometime in NYC" released including "Woman is the Nigger of the World" "Attica State" & "Luck of the Irish"
  • 1973 Yanks trade wife swapper Mike Kekich for Lowell Palmer
  • 1973 Coleraine bombings: six Protestant civilians were killed and 33 wounded by a Provisional Irish Republican Army car bomb in Coleraine, County Londonderry
  • 1975 Billy Williams's 400th career HR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Groundbreaking ceremony for John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1978 David Berkowitz sentenced in NY Supreme Court to 25 yrs to life
  • 1978 US House of Representatives allows live radio coverage
  • 1979 Kevin St Onge throws a playing card a record 185'
  • 1979 Opening ceremony at Cambridge Buddhist Association meditation in Boston
  • 1979 Sanista occupies parts of Managua
  • 1979 Bryan Allen flew man-powered Gossamer Albatross over English Channel in a human-powered aircraft; flight took 2 hrs, 49 min

Birthdays in History

  • 1107 Emperor Gaozong of China (d. 1187)
  • 1519 Cosimo I de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and art patron of Florence (d. 1574)
  • 1577 Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (d. 1643)
  • 1599 Jan W van Brederode, governor (Hertogenbosch)/fieldmarshal
  • 1659 Yamamoto Tsunetomo, Japanese samurai (d. 1719)
  • 1771 Patrick Gass, Falling Springs PA, sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition
  • 1775 Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal (d. 1851)
  • 1777 Robert Clark, American politician (d. 1837)
  • 1795 John Marston Jr, Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1885)
  • 1798 Samuel Cooper, Sect of War/General (Confederate Army), (d. 1876)
  • 1802 Harriet Martineau, controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist (d. 1876)
  • 1806 John A. Roebling, German-American civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge) born in Mühlhausen, Germany (d. 1869)
  • 1812 Edmond Hébert, French geologist (d. 1890)
  • 1819 Charles Kingsley [Parson Lot], English vicar and historian (Westward Ho!)
  • 1821 Henry Moses Judah, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Snow Hill, Maryland (d. 1866)
  • 1825 John Cook, American bugler (Union Army), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1910)
  • 1827 Johanna Spyri, Hirzel Switzerland, Swiss children's author (Heidi) (d. 1901)
  • 1851 Oliver Joseph Lodge, England, early radio pioneer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1859 Thomas J. Walsh, United States Senator (Montana), born in Two Rivers, Wisconsin

Lawyer and Politician Thomas J. Walsh
Lawyer and Politician
Thomas J. Walsh
  • 1877 Thomas C Hart, US admiral (Asiatic fleet)
  • 1878 James O Curwood, American journalist/writer (Kazan the wolfdog)
  • 1888 Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician (d. 1920)
  • 1890 Egon Schiele, Austrian painter/graphic artist
  • 1892 Djuna Barnes, American author (d. 1982)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1897 Anthony Eden, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1955-57) and Foreign Secretary, born in Rushyford, England (d. 1977)

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
  • 1902 Hendrik J Elias, Flemish historian/(mayor-Ghent)
  • 1906 Sandro Penna, Italian poet (d. 1977)
  • 1908 Ronald Selby Wright, Scottish Church of Scotland minister, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Marina Semenova, Russian ballerina
  • 1910 Bill Naughton, English playwright (d. 1992)
  • 1911 Milovan Djilas, Yugoslavia, writer/politician (New Class)
  • 1912 Mary Lavin MacDonald Scott, author
  • 1912 Jameel Jalibi, Pakistani scholar, writer, and Urdu linguist
  • 1913 Jean Victor Allard, Canadian army general (d. 1996)
  • 1915 David Rockefeller, American CEO (Chase Manhattan Bank) and philanthropist, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1915 Christopher Mayhew, British politician (d. 1997)
  • 1916 Irwin Allen, American director (Land of the Giants, Poseidon Adventure), born in NYC, New York
  • 1920 Dave Berg, American cartoonist (d. 2002)
  • 1921 H. C. Artmann, Austrian writer, born in Vienna (d. 2000)
  • 1921 Christopher Derrick, British writer (d. 2007)
  • 1923 Marta Pan, Hungarian/French sculptor (Great spiral)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1924 George H. W. Bush, 41st US President (R, 1989-93) and 43rd US Vice President (R, 1981-89), born in Milton, Massachusetts

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1927 Henry Slesar, headwriter (Edge of Night), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1928 Michael Wishart, artist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1929 Anne Frank, Dutch diarist and Jewish victim of the Nazi Holocaust (Diary of Anne Frank), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1945)

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1929 Brigid Brophy, novelist/campaigner
  • 1930 Barbara Harris, 1st US Episcopal female bishop
  • 1930 Hans Koetsier, Dutch sculptor (KLM-Schiphol)
  • 1930 Donald Byrne, American chess player (d. 1976)
  • 1932 Rona Jaffe, novelist (Mazes & Monsters)
  • 1933 Eddie Adams, American photographer, won Pulitzer Prize (d. 2004)
  • 1934 John A. Alonzo, American cinematographer (d. 2001)
  • 1935 Christoph Meckel, writer
  • 1936 Bill Zeliff, (Rep-R-NH)
  • 1937 Vladimir Arnold, Russian mathematician
  • 1937 Antal Festetics, Austrian biologist
  • 1939 Francis X McCloskey, (Rep-D-Indiana, 1983- )
  • 1939 GAI Schuijt, Dutch jurist (information law)
  • 1941 Lucille Roybal-Allard, (Rep-D-California)
  • 1942 Bert Sakmann, German physiologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1945 Alfred Antony Francis Gell, social anthropologist
  • 1946 Harry Glasper, English writer
  • 1946 John Steinbeck IV, American journalist, author and son of John Steinbeck, born in New York City
  • 1948 Barry Bailey, Doraville Ga, rocker (Atlanta Rhythm Section)
  • 1949 Yuri Michaylovich Baturin, Russian cosmonaut (SK:Soyuz TM-28)
  • 1951 Andranik Margaryan, 14th Prime Minister of Armenia (d. 2007)
  • 1952 Seigfried Brietzke, German DR, coxless rower (Oly-gold-1972, 76, 80)
  • 1952 Spencer Abraham, Secretary of Energy under George W. Bush
  • 1953 Allan Weiner, American pirate radio station owner, born in Yonkers, New York
  • 1954 Neil Oatley, English engineer
  • 1958 Fernando "Frank" Caldeiro, astronaut, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1959 Jervis Johnson, Games Designer for Games Workshop, Nottingham
  • 1961 Jim Goad, American author
  • 1963 Warwick Capper, Australian rules footballer
  • 1971 Mark Henry, Silsbee TX, 238+lbs (108+kg) weightlift (Oly-14th-92, 96)
  • 1972 Bounty Killer, Jamaican deejay
  • 1973 Darryl White, Australian rules footballer
  • 1980 Tamika D Mallory, American activist and founder of Mallory Consulting, born in NYC, New York
  • 1985 Blake Ross, American software developer

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1733 King of Prussia Frederick the Great (21) weds duchess Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern (18) at Schloss Salzdahlum in Wolfenbüttel, Germany

King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great

HeartWedding of Interest

1927 Inventor and electrical engineer Guglielmo Marconi (53) weds Maria Cristina Bezzi-Scali

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi

HeartWedding of Interest

1949 Religious leader Jim Jones (18) weds nurse Marceline Baldwin

Founder of the Peoples Temple cult Jim Jones
Founder of the Peoples Temple cult
Jim Jones
  • 1971 Tricia Nixon & Edward F Cox marry at White House

HeartWedding of Interest

1994 Astronaut Neil Armstrong marries 2nd wife Carol Held Knight

Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong

Deaths in History

  • 816 Leo III, Italian Pope (795-816), dies
  • 918 Ethelfleda, Lady of the Mercians
  • 1020 Lyfing, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1036 Tedald, Bishop of Arezzo (1023-1031)
  • 1231 Antonius van Padua, [Fernando M de Bulhom], Port minister, dies at 35
  • 1418 Bernard VII, Count of Armagnac, Constable of France (b. 1360)
  • 1435 John FitzAlan, 14th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (b. 1408)
  • 1490 Adriaan Vilain II of Rassegem, peace of Tours, murdered at about 39
  • 1560 Imagawa Yoshimoto, Japanese daimyo (b. 1519)
  • 1560 Ii Naomori, Japanese warrior (b. 1506)
  • 1565 Adrianus Turnebus, French classical scholar (b. 1512)
  • 1567 Richard Rich, 1st Baron Rich, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1490)
  • 1647 Thomas Farnaby, English grammarian
  • 1675 Charles Emanuel II, Duke of Savoy (1638-75), dies at 40
  • 1687 Jurriaen van Streeck, Dutch still life painter, buried
  • 1758 Augustus William, Prince of Prussia (b. 1722)
  • 1759 William Collins, English poet (Ode to Simplicity), dies at 37
  • 1772 Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, French explorer (b. 1724)
  • 1778 Philip Livingston, American businessman and politician (signed Declaration of Independance), dies at 62
  • 1788 Johann A Cramer, prime minister/poet, dies at 65
  • 1789 Jean E Liotard, [Turk], Swiss painter (Maria-Theresia), dies
  • 1816 Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (b. 1757)
  • 1818 Egwale Seyon, Emperor of Ethiopia
  • 1850 Jean V Constant de Rebecque, Swiss/Dutch army leader, dies at 77
  • 1853 John C de Jonge, Dutch historian/archivist, dies at 60
  • 1858 Cornelis Smit, Dutch ship builder/ship owner, dies at 74
  • 1878 Hendrik J Jut, Dutch murderer [Head of Jut], dies at 26
  • 1878 William Cullen Bryant, American poet, dies at 83
  • 1888 Carel Vosmaer, art historian/poet/editor (Neth Spectator), dies at 62
  • 1904 Camille de Renesse, Belgian Count (b. 1836)
  • 1912 Frederic Passy, French economist/pacifist (Nobel 1901), dies
  • 1922 Wolfgang Kapp, German politician (Kapp putsch 1920), dies at 63
  • 1928 Salvador Diaz Miron, Mexicans poet, dies
  • 1932 René de Clerq, Flemish poet/writer (Book of Love), dies
  • 1932 Theodorus Heemskerk, lawyer/Dutch sec of state (1866..88), dies at 79
  • 1936 Isidore Weiss, French world checker champion, dies
  • 1936 Karl Kraus, Austrian satirical writer, dies at 62
  • 1937 Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1893)
  • 1946 Count Hisaichi Terauchi, Japanese fieldmarshal, dies
  • 1952 Michael von Faulhaber, Cardinal/archbishop of Munich, dies at 83
  • 1963 Andrew Browne, Irish/British admiral (Cape Matapan, WW II), dies at 80
  • 1963 Medgar Evers, NAACP official, shot in Jackson Miss at 37
  • 1969 Alexander Deyneka, Ukrainian painter (b. 1899)
  • 1972 Edmund Wilson, American writer (To the Finland station), dies at 79
  • 1972 Saul David Alinsky, radical writer (John L Lewis), dies at 63
  • 1978 Guo Moruo, Chinese writer (b. 1892)
  • 1980 Billy Butlin, Founder of the brand of holiday venues known as Butlins (b. 1899)
  • 1982 Karl von Frisch, Austrian zoologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
  • 1982 Sgt Ian McKay VC, Platoon Sergeant 4 Platoon, B Company, 3rd Battalion, the Parachute Regiment (British Army) (Falklands War) (b. 1953)
  • 1985 Edmund Perry, 17 and newly graduated from N.H. prep. high school, shot and killed in Manhattan by NYPD undercover officer Lee Vanhouten, who claimed Perry tried to rob him
  • 1986 Antoon Breyne, Belgian journalist, dies at 76
  • 1986 Tony Desimone, combo leader (Ernie in Kovacsland), dies at 66
  • 1990 Terence O'Neil, lord/PM of Ulster (1963-69), dies
  • 1992 Edward Fleming, Danish director (Lille Spejl), dies
  • 1994 Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Lubavitcher leader (1950-94), dies at 92
  • 1994 Nicole Brown Simpson, German-American ex-wife of O.J. Simpson, murdered at 35
  • 1994 Otto Roesch, paleontologist, dies at 93
  • 1994 Ron Goldman, waiter, murdered with wife of O.J. Simpson at 27
  • 1996 MacKenzie John, pipe major, dies at 83
  • 2000 P.L.Deshpande, Marathi writer (b. 1919)
  • 2002 Bill Blass, American fashion designer, dies at 79
  • 2006 Kenneth Roy Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman and art collector (b. 1923)
  • 2010 Egon Ronay, Hungarian food critic, dies at 94

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2012 Henry Hill Jr., American mobster and FBI informant, dies from a heart condition at 69

Mobster and FBI informant Henry Hill
Mobster and FBI informant
Henry Hill
  • 2016 George V. Voinovich, US politician (R), Senator and Governor of Ohio, dies at 79