On This Day

On This Day in History for June 16

Events in History

  • 632 Origin of Persian [Yezdegird] Era
  • 1487 Battle of Stoke, Nottinghamshire: Henry VII beats John de la Pole & Lord Lovell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1567 Mary, Queen of Scots, imprisoned in Lochleven Castle prison, Scotland

Queen of Scotland Mary, Queen of Scots
Queen of Scotland
Mary, Queen of Scots
  • 1624 Virginia becomes an English crown colony following the bankruptcy of the London Company

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1673 Peace of Vossem: French King Louis XIV and Frederik Willem of Brandenburg

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1745 British fleet occupies Cape Breton on St Lawrence River
  • 1746 Battle at Piacenza: Austria & Sardinia beat Spanish and French army
  • 1755 British capture Fort Beauséjour, expel Acadians
  • 1774 Formation of Harrodsburg, Kentucky

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1779 US General Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, New York, inflicting heavy losses on the British

Military Leader Anthony Wayne
Military Leader
Anthony Wayne
  • 1779 Spain declares war on Great Britain in support of the US, starting the siege of Gibraltar
  • 1784 Holland forbids the wearing of orange clothes
  • 1794 1st stone laid at biggest Dutch grain windmill De Walvisch in Schiedam

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1815 Battle at Ligny: French army under Napoleon beats Prussia

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1815 Battle at Quatre-Bras: allies strike French
  • 1822 Denmark Vesey (aka Telemaque) accused of planning a slave rebellion in South Carolina; tried an convicted, he was executed by hanging

  • 1823 King Willem I opens shipyard at Rotterdam-Antwerp
  • 1832 Battle of Kellogg's Grove, Illinois
  • 1836 London Working Men's Association forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1858 Abraham Lincoln says "A house divided against itself cannot stand" accepting Illinois Republican Party's nomination for the Senate

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1861 Battle of Vienna, Virginia and Secessionville, South Carolina (James Island)
  • 1864 Battle of Lynchburg, Virginia
  • 1864 Skirmish at Golgotha, Georgia
  • 1871 Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of Mystic Shrine founded, NYC
  • 1871 The University Tests Act allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests, except for courses in theology
  • 1873 US President Ulysses Grant decrees a portion of Wallowa Valley, Oregon for Nez-Percé Indians; order rescinded two years later and tribe forcibly re-located to Oklahoma
  • 1879 Gilbert & Sullivan's "HMS Pinafore" debuts at Bowery Theater NYC
  • 1881 Austria-Hungary and Serbia sign military treaty
  • 1882 17" hailstones weighing 1.75 lbs fall in Dubuque Iowa
  • 1883 The Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland, England kills 183 children
  • 1884 1st roller coaster used (Coney Island NY)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1891 John Abbott becomes Canada's third prime minister

3rd Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott
3rd Prime Minister of Canada
John Abbott
  • 1893 German-American F.W. Rueckheim introduces "Cracker Jack" brand snack food consisting of caramel-coated popcorn and peanuts
  • 1896 Temperature hits 127°F at Fort Mojave, California
  • 1897 A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later
  • 1898 China's emperor De Zong (Guang Xu) receives Kang Youwei

  • 1900 In China, a fire is set by Boxers, virtually destroying the Western Quarter and spreading to engulf many Chinese landmarks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 Ford Motors under Henry Ford incorporates

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1903 Pepsi Cola company forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 Roald Amundsen commences the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage by leaving Oslo, Norway

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1903 Reichstag elections with gains for the Social Democratic Party of Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 Bloomsday (date of events in James Joyce's Ulysses)

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce
  • 1904 Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dissolves the Second Duma (parliament) and issues an edict that will increase representation of propertied classes while reducing that of peasants, workers and national minorities

<b>Republican</b> PartyRepublican Party

1908 The Republican Party convenes in Chicago where President Theodore Roosevelt picks William Howard Taft as his successor

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1909 1st US airplane sold commercially, by Glenn Curtiss for $5,000
  • 1911 A 772 gram stony meteorite strikes the earth near Kilbourn, Columbia County, Wisconsin damaging a barn
  • 1913 South African Government pass the segregationist Native Land Act, which restricts purchase or lease of land by native Africans
  • 1915 The foundation of the British Women's Institute
  • 1916 Boston Brave's Tom Hughes 2nd no-hitter beats Pitts, 2-0
  • 1916 Passing of the Military Services Bill introduces conscription in New Zealand
  • 1917 1st All Russian Congress of the Soviets convenes in Petrograd, Russia [OS Jun 3]
  • 1922 Henry Berliner demonstrates his helicopter to US Bureau of Aeronautics
  • 1922 Irish republicans are beaten in a national election; the vote is in favor of the Treaty of London, which leaves the Irish Free State as a dominion within the British Commonwealth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Sun Yat Sen founds Chinese military academy

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • 1924 South Africa all out 30 v England in 48 minutes, Gilligan 6-7

  • 1925 The most famous Young Pioneer camp of the USSR, Artek, is established
  • 1925 The Union Government rejects a round-table conference with India on the grounds that it will constitute interference in South African affairs
  • 1930 Sovnarkom establishes decree time in the USSR
  • 1931 Austrian government of Ender falls
  • 1932 Germany forbids SA/SS-gang fights

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1932 US President Herbert Hoover and Vice President Charles Curtis renominated by Republican Convention

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1933 US National Industrial Recovery Act becomes law (later struck down)
  • 1933 US Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) created

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens the Waal bridge

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Pope Pius XI receives Anton Mussert (Dutch Nazi collaborator)

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • 1940 Communist government installed in Lithuania
  • 1940 General De Gaulle arrives in Bordeaux
  • 1941 1st US federally owned airport opened Washington, D.C.
  • 1943 Race riot in Beaumont Texas (2 die)

ExecutionGeorge Stinney is Executed

1944 George Stinney, a 14-year-old African-American boy, is wrongfully executed for the murder of two white girls, becoming the youngest person ever executed in 20th-century America

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The mug shot of 14-year-old African American boy George Stinney who was the youngest American to be executed
The mug shot of 14-year-old African American boy George Stinney who was the youngest American to be executed
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  • 1944 Iceland adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 King George VI visits General Montgomery's HQ in Normandy

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • 1944 US bombs Kyushu Japan
  • 1947 1st network news-Dumont's "News from Washington"
  • 1947 Pravda denounces Marshall Plan

  • 1949 Gas turbine-electric locomotive demonstrated at Erie, Pennsylvania
  • 1952 Soviet Fighters shoot Swedish Catalina reconnaissance flight down
  • 1954 Dutch military conscription shortened from 20 to 18 months

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1954 Ngô Đình Diệm elected Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam (South Vietnam)

President of South Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm
President of South Vietnam
Ngô Đình Diệm

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Pope Pius XII ex-communicates Argentine President Juan Perón

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1957 French offensive in Algeria
  • 1958 Government troops land on North-Celebes Indonesia
  • 1959 South African Apartheid government efforts to remove Black people from Cato Manor close to the Durban city center to newly established black township Kwa Mashu, on outskirts met with violent resistance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 President Eisenhower cancels trip to Japan

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1961 Dave Garroway is fired as Today Show host
  • 1961 Discoverer 25 launched
  • 1962 2 US army officers killed in Saigon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Soviet space mission Vostok 6 is launched with Valentina Tereshkova onboard, who becomes the 1st woman in space

1st Woman in Space Valentina Tereshkova
1st Woman in Space
Valentina Tereshkova

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Levi Eshkol replaces David Ben-Gurion as Israeli Prime Minister

1st Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion
1st Prime Minister of Israel
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1964 Quake strikes Niigata, Japan
  • 1966 20th Tony Awards: Marat/Sade & Man of La Mancha win
  • 1969 US Supreme Court rules suspension of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr from House of Representatives violated Article I of the Constitution by citing reasons beyond the exclusive list of qualifications in the article [1]
  • 1970 Kenneth A Gibson elected 1st black mayor of Newark, NJ
  • 1970 Race riots in Miami Florida
  • 1971 Racial disturbance in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1972 The largest single-site hydro-electric power project in Canada starts at Churchill Falls, Labrador
  • 1975 Italy's Communist party PCI, wins
  • 1975 Randy Farland finds a 14-leaf clover near Sioux Falls, SD
  • 1975 Supreme Court rules uniform minimum legal fees are a violation

Birthdays in History

  • 1139 Emperor Konoe of Japan (d. 1155)
  • 1332 Isabella de Coucy, English princess (d. 1382)
  • 1514 John Cheke, English classical scholar (d. 1557)
  • 1583 Axel Gustafson Oxenstierna, Swedish earl/chancellor/regent
  • 1606 Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (d. 1675)
  • 1613 John Cleveland, English poet (d. 1658)
  • 1633 Jean de Thévenot, French traveler and scientist (d. 1667)
  • 1644 Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of Scotland, England and Ireland and Duchess of Orléans (d. 1670)
  • 1713 Meshech Weare, Governor of New Hampshire (d. 1786)

Person of interestAdam Smith

1723 Adam Smith, Scottish economist (Wealth of Nations) and moral philosopher (date of baptism), born in Kirkaldy, Fife, Scotland (d. 1790)

Economist and Philosopher Adam Smith
Economist and Philosopher
Adam Smith
  • 1738 Mary Katharine Goddard, American printer and publisher (d. 1816)
  • 1754 Salawat Yulayev, Bashkir national hero, poet (d. 1800)
  • 1792 Sir Thomas Mitchell, Australian explorer (d. 1855)
  • 1792 John Linnell, English artist (d. 1882)
  • 1801 Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1868)
  • 1806 Edward Davy, English physician, chemist, and inventor (d. 1885)
  • 1813 Otto Jahn, German archaeologist (d. 1869)
  • 1820 Athanase Coquerel, French Protestant preacher (d. 1875)
  • 1826 Constantin von Ettingshausen, Austrian geologist and botanist (d. 1897)

Person of interestGeronimo

1829 Geronimo, Apache leader and resistance fighter, born in No-doyohn Canon, Mexico (d. 1909)

Apache Leader Geronimo
Apache Leader
  • 1834 Wesley Merritt, American Major General (Union Army), 1st American Military Governor of the Philippines, born in NYC, New York (d. 1910)
  • 1837 Eli Long, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1903)
  • 1838 Cushman Davis, American politician (d. 1900)
  • 1840 Ernst Otto Schlick, German engineer (d. 1913)
  • 1842 David Herold, American pharmacist's assistant who was part of the conspiracy to assassinate Abraham Lincoln, born in Maryland (d. 1865)
  • 1858 Gustav V, king of Sweden (1907-50)
  • 1861 Scato Gocko de Vries, Dutch paleographer/librarian

Person of interestArthur Meighen

1874 Arthur Meighen, 9th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1920-21, 1926), born in Anderson, Ontario (d. 1960)

9th Prime Minister of Canada Arthur Meighen
9th Prime Minister of Canada
Arthur Meighen
  • 1879 Fritz Schulz, German law historian (Classical Novel Law)
  • 1879 Theo[dorus J] Thijssen, Dutch writer (Kees the boy)

Person of interestMohammad Mosaddegh

1882 Mohammad Mosaddegh, Prime Minister of Iran (1951-53) who was overthrown in a coup d'état aided by the CIA and the British SIS, born in Tehran, Persia (d. 1967)

Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh
Prime Minister of Iran
Mohammad Mosaddegh
  • 1888 Bobby Clark, vaudevillan (World's funniest circus clown)
  • 1888 Peter Stoner, American mathematician and astronomer (d. 1980)
  • 1896 Jean-Pierre Peugeot III, French auto manufacturer (Peugeot) (d. 1966)
  • 1896 Murray Leinster [William Fitzgerald Jenkins], American science-fiction author (Time Tunnel; Land of the Giants), born in Norfolk, Virginia (d. 1975)
  • 1897 Georg Wittig, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)
  • 1899 Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (Doubleday)
  • 1900 Jan van Tilburg, governor Suriname (PVDA, 1955-62)
  • 1902 Barbara McClintock, American cytogeneticist (Jumping Genes, Nobel 1983)
  • 1902 Kornelis Posthumus, Dutch chemist
  • 1902 George Gaylord Simpson, American paleontologist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1984)
  • 1904 Gerard Holt, Dutch architect
  • 1907 John Hadfield, author/publisher (Love on a Branch Line)
  • 1909 Archie Fairley Carr, biologist (d. 1987)
  • 1910 Lord Richardson, president (General Medical Council)
  • 1910 Richard Maling Barrer, chemist

Person of interestEnoch Powell

1912 Enoch Powell, British Conservative MP and shadow cabinet member infamous for his "Rivers of Blood" speech, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1998)

British Politician Enoch Powell
British Politician
Enoch Powell
  • 1912 John Peel, British politician (C), (d. 2004)
  • 1915 Joseph Kagan, Lithuanian-British businessman, and inventor (Gannex raincoats), born in Kaunas, Russsian Empire (now Lithuania) (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Mariano Rumor, premier Italy
  • 1915 John Tukey, American statistician (d. 2000)
  • 1917 Katharine Graham, American newspaper publisher (Washington Post), born in NYC, New York
  • 1917 Aurelio Lampredi, Italian mechanical engineer (Ferrari; d. 1989)
  • 1917 Irving Penn, American photographer
  • 1919 Lord Aberdare, committee chairman (House of Lords)
  • 1920 John Howard Griffin, American photographer, journalist and author (Black Like Me), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1980)
  • 1920 Raymond U. Lemieux, Canadian scientist (d. 2002)
  • 1920 José López Portillo, President of Mexico (d. 2004)
  • 1921 Lord Perry of Walton, SDP/vice chancellor (Open University England)
  • 1924 Sayed Idries Shah, thinker

Person of interestEfraín Ríos Montt

1926 Efraín Ríos Montt, Guatemalan general and dictator convicted of genocide and crimes against humanity, born in Huehuetenango, Guatemala (d. 2018)

Dictator and President of Guatemala Efraín Ríos Montt
Dictator and President of Guatemala
Efraín Ríos Montt
  • 1927 Robert Matthews, master (Clare College Cambridge England)
  • 1928 Harold Hanham, vice chancellor (Lancaster University)
  • 1929 Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, 5th Emir of Kuwait (2006-2020), Commander of the Kuwait Military Forces, born in Kuwait City, Kuwait (d. 2020)
  • 1930 David Konstant, bishop (Leeds)
  • 1931 Courtney Alexandre Henriques Laws, community leader
  • 1931 Robert Freeman Smith, American politician (Rep-R-Oregon), born in Portland, Oregon
  • 1932 Ralph Robins, CEO (Rolls-Royce)
  • 1933 Joachim Nowotny, writer
  • 1934 Lord Patrick Beresforord, blood-stock agent
  • 1934 William Forsyth Sharpe, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1934 Elvira Vinogradova, Russian TV persona
  • 1935 Jim Dine, pop artist (St John the Divine), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1936 August Willemsen, Dutch poet/translator
  • 1937 August Busch III, CEO (Anheuser-Busch, St Louis Cards)
  • 1937 Erich Segal, author (Love Story, Oliver's Story), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1937 Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Tsar of Bulgaria
  • 1938 Joyce Carol Oates, NY, novelist (Garden of Earthly Delights)
  • 1938 Torgny Lindgren, Swedish writer
  • 1940 Hans Dorrestijn, Dutch cabaret performer
  • 1940 Neil Goldschmidt, Governor of Oregon
  • 1941 Mumtaz Hamid Rao, Pakistani journalist, born in Sialkot, Pakistan (d. 2011)
  • 1942 Giacomo Agostini, Italian world motorcycle race champion, born in Lovere, Italy
  • 1942 Alan "Howling Laud" Hope, British politician and leader of the Official Monster Raving Loony Party (OMRLP), born in Mytchett, Surrey
  • 1944 Joan Barbara Grigor, artist
  • 1944 Takamiyama [Jesse Kuhaulua], Hawaii, 1st non-Japanese sumo champion
  • 1945 Lucienne Robillard, Canadian politician
  • 1946 Neil MacGregor, director (British National Gallery)
  • 1946 Jodi Rell, American politician, governor of Connecticut
  • 1947 -minu [Hans-Peter Hammel], Swiss columnist and writer, born in Basel, Switzerland
  • 1951 Michel Viso, French cosmonaut
  • 1952 George Papandreou, Greek politician and Prime Minister of Greece (2009-11), born in St Paul, Minnesota
  • 1954 Jeffrey S Ashby, astronaut (sk: STS 85), born in Dallas, Texas
  • 1955 Simon Bailey, priest, 1st British priest to say he had AIDS, born in Halifax, West Yorkshire (d. 1995)
  • 1965 Andrea M. Ghez, American astronomer (2020 Nobel Prize for Physics for work on black holes), born in New York City
  • 1971 Daliah Wachs "Dr. Daliah", Los Angeles Ca., radio host
  • 1972 Ann Shoket, American magazine editor
  • 1974 Paul Lee, British sculptural artist
  • 1980 Brad Gushue, Canadian curler
  • 1993 Alice Ann Newman, daughter of Gretchen & Randy

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1928 New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey (26) weds stage actress Frances Eileen Hutt

Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey

LoveWedding of Interest

1956 British Poet and Poet Laureate Ted Hughes marries American writer and poet (The Bell Jar) Sylvia Plath at St George the Martyr Holborn, London.

Poet Ted Hughes
Ted Hughes
Author and Poet Sylvia Plath
Author and Poet
Sylvia Plath

LoveWedding of Interest

1973 Talk show host Jerry Springer (29) weds Micki Velton

Talk Show Host Jerry Springer
Talk Show Host
Jerry Springer

Deaths in History

  • 956 Hugo the Great, Duke of the Franks and Count of Paris, dies at about 58
  • 1246 Lutgardis/Ludgardis, Flemish mystic/saint, dies at about 64
  • 1361 John Tauler, German mystic (Gottesfreunde) dies at about 61
  • 1397 Philip of Artois, Count of Eu, French soldier (b. 1358)
  • 1468 Jean Le Fevre, Burgundian chronicler (b. ca. 1395)
  • 1492 Jan Coppenhole, Flemish rebel leader, beheaded
  • 1575 Hadrianus Junius [Adriaen de Jonghe], Dutch physician, historian and humanist, dies at 63
  • 1620 Carlo Saraceni [Carlo Veniziano], Italian painter (Judith), dies
  • 1622 Alexander Seton, 1st Earl of Dunfermline, Chancellor of Scotland (b. 1555)
  • 1623 Christian, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Wolfenbüttel, German Protestant military leader (b. 1599)
  • 1626 Christian the Younger, German Protestant military leader during the Thirty Years' War, dies at 26
  • 1644 John of Saint Thomas [Juan Poinset], Portuguese theologist, dies at 54
  • 1671 Stenka Razin, Cossack rebel leader, tortured & executed in Moscow
  • 1707 Marie d'Orleans-Longueville, Duchess de Nemours, sovereign princess of Neuchâtel and writer (b. 1625)

Person of interestJohn Churchill

1722 John Churchill, 1st duke of Marlborough, English general strategist, dies at 72

  • 1742 Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, Queen consort of Spain, dies at 32
  • 1749 Johann Baptista Ruffini, Italian trader (b. 1672)
  • 1752 Giulio Alberoni, Spanish-Italian minister and cardinal, dies at 88
  • 1752 Joseph Butler, English philosopher, dies at 60
  • 1777 Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset, French poet and dramatist (b. 1709)
  • 1779 Sir Francis Bernard, Governor of New Jersey and Massachusetts (b. 1712)
  • 1792 Benjamin Tupper, Continental Army officer, and pioneer to the Ohio Country (b. 1738)
  • 1793 Louis A count d'Affry, general/French ambassador in Netherland, dies
  • 1812 Franz Pforr, German painter and cartoonist (Lukasbund), dies at 23
  • 1815 Frederik Willem, Duke of Brunswick (1813-15), dies in battle at 43
  • 1824 Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, Third Consul of France (b. 1739)
  • 1850 William Lawson explorer of New South Wales, Australia (b. 1774)
  • 1855 John Gorrie, American scientist and inventor (cold-air process of refrigeration), dies at 51
  • 1858 John Snow, English epidemiologist, 'Father of modern epidemiology' studied cholera, dies of a stroke at 45
  • 1866 Joseph Méry French poet (b. 1798)
  • 1869 Charles Sturt, English explorer (Australia), dies at 74
  • 1872 Norman MacLeod, Scottish clergyman (b. 1812)
  • 1878 Crawford Williamson Long, American surgeon and pioneer (use of ether as an anesthetic in surgery), dies at 62
  • 1881 Marie Laveau, American Voodoo practitioner, dies at 79
  • 1881 Sir Josiah Mason, English manufacturer (b. 1795)
  • 1885 Wilhelm Camphausen, German painter (b. 1818)
  • 1892 Victor Tesch, Belgian lawyer/min of Justice, dies at 80
  • 1901 Herman Grimm, German writer, poet and historian, dies at 75
  • 1902 Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (algebraic logic), dies at 60
  • 1925 Chittaranjan Das, Indian lawyer, politician and activist (founded Swaraj Party), dies at 55
  • 1928 Mark Keppel, Superintendent of Los Angeles County Schools from 1902-1928, dies at 61
  • 1929 Bramwell Booth, 2nd General of The Salvation Army, dies at 73
  • 1929 Vernon Louis Parrington, American author (Romantic Revolution, Pulitzer 1928), dies at 57
  • 1930 Ezra Fitch, Abercrombie & Fitch founder (b. 1866)
  • 1930 Elmer Ambrose Sperry, American entrepreneur and inventor (gyrocompass), dies at 69
  • 1932 Frederik W Van Oaths, psychiatrist/writer (Blades of Grass), dies
  • 1932 Frederik Willem van Eeden, Dutch utopian writer (Walden), dies at 72
  • 1936 Leib Malach, Yiddish writer, dies
  • 1940 DuBose Heyward, American novelist (Porgy, Star Spangled Virgin), dies
  • 1941 Lodo of Hamel, 1st Dutch secret affiliate, dies
  • 1944 George Stinney, African-American boy wrongfully convicted of murder, is executed by electric chair at 14
  • 1944 Marc Bloch, French historian (executed) (b. 1886)
  • 1944 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray, Bengali chemist (founder of Bengal Chemicals And Pharmaceuticals), dies at 82
  • 1945 Aris Velouchiotis, Greek guerrilla resistance leader (b. 1905)
  • 1946 Ludwig Winder, writer, dies
  • 1947 Jean-Francois Capart, Belgian egyptologist (Memphis), dies at 86
  • 1952 Andrew Lawson, Scottish-American geologist, first to map the entire San Andreas Fault (b. 1861)
  • 1953 Margaret Bondfield, English politician and 1st British female cabinet minister (Labour), dies at 80
  • 1955 Ozias Leduc, Canadian painter, dies at 90
  • 1958 Imre Nagy, Prime Minister of Hungary (1953-56), dies at 62
  • 1961 Marcel Junod, Swiss physician (b. 1904)
  • 1969 Harold RLG 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, British field marshal, dies at 78
  • 1969 Jan Hanlo, Dutch poet (Oote oote boe), dies at 57
  • 1970 Elsa Triolet [Ella Kagan], Russian-French writer and Resistance fighter, dies at 73
  • 1971 Lord Reith, British broadcast executive (b. 1889)
  • 1971 Garfield Wood, American inventor, motorboat builder and racer (world water speed record x 5; first to travel over 100 mph on water), dies at 90
  • 1976 Francis E Meloy Jr, US ambassador to Lebanon, kidnapped & killed
  • 1976 Victor Dalby Lord, fictional character on "One Life to Live", dies at 59

Person of interestWernher von Braun

1977 Wernher von Braun, rocket scientist (V1/V2), dies at 65 of smoking

Rocket Scientist Wernher von Braun
Rocket Scientist
Wernher von Braun
  • 1979 Liselotte Welskopf-Heinrich, writer, dies at 77
  • 1979 Ignatius Kutu Acheamphong, Ghanaian dictator (b. 1931)
  • 1981 Humphrey Keervelt, director (Suriname Planning Bureau), murdered
  • 1981 John S Knight, American journalist and publisher (Knight Newspapers), dies at 86
  • 1981 Jule Gregory Charney, American meteorologist, dies at 64
  • 1983 James Arthur Calata, African National Congress (ANC) leader and Anglican clergyman, dies at 87
  • 1990 Thomas Cowling, British mathematician and astronomer, dies at 83
  • 1994 Terence de Vere White, Irish novelist (An Affair with the Moon), dies at 82
  • 1996 David Mourao-Ferreira, poet/politician, dies at 69
  • 1997 Dal Stivens, Australian author (b. 1911)
  • 2000 Empress Kōjun of Japan (b. 1903)
  • 2003 Pierre Bourgault, French Canadian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2003 Georg Henrik von Wright, Finnish-Swedish philosopher (b. 1916)
  • 2004 Thanom Kittikachorn, Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1912)
  • 2005 Enrique Laguerre, Puerto Rican writer (La Llamarada), dies at 99
  • 2007 Grand Ayatollah Fazel Lankarani, Iranian cleric (b. 1931)
  • 2008 Mario Rigoni Stern, Italian writer, World War II veteran and Nazi concentration camp survivor (b. 1921)
  • 2010 Marc Bazin, Haitian politician (b. 1932)
  • 2010 Ronald Neame, British director (1st Monday in Oct, Poseidon Adventure), dies at 99
  • 2015 Charles Correa, Indian architect (McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT), dies at 84

Person of interestHelmut Kohl

2017 Helmut Kohl, German chancellor (West Germany, 1982-90, unified Germany, 1990-98), dies at 87

German Chancellor Helmut Kohl
German Chancellor
Helmut Kohl
  • 2020 Charles Webb, American writer (The Graduate), dies at 81