On This Day in History for June 17

  • June

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 146

  • 653 St Martin I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 656 Ali ibn Abu Talib elected the 4th Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate
  • 676 Deusdedit III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1091 Floris II de Vette becomes earl of Holland
  • 1119 Charles the Good becomes earl of Flanders
  • 1397 Union of Kalmar established between Denmark, Sweden and Norway

MurderAssassination Attempt

1462 vlad III the Impaler attempts to assassinate Mehmed II (The Night Attack) forcing him to retreat from Wallachia

Wallachian Prince Vlad the Impaler
Wallachian Prince
Vlad the Impaler
  • 1497 Battle of Deptford Bridge - forces under King Henry VII soundly defeat Cornish rebels led by Michael An Gof
  • 1535 English Catholic Cardinal John Fischer state rights
  • 1565 Matsunaga Hisahide assassinates the 13th Ashikaga shogun, Ashikaga Yoshiteru
  • 1579 Anti-English uprising in Ireland

Historic ExpeditionFrancis Drake Lands in California

1579 Sir Francis Drake lands on coast of California at Drakes Bay, names it "New Albion"
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1590 depiction of Francis Drake's landing in what he called New Albion, now northern California
1590 depiction of Francis Drake's landing in what he called New Albion, now northern California
  • 1580 Battle at Hardenberg: Spanish troops beat rebels
  • 1583 Brabant: Duke of Parma beats French mercenaries
  • 1609 Netherlands, England and France sign 12 year Covenant

IndiaTaj Mahal

1631 Mumtaz Mahal dies during childbirth. Her husband, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I, then spends more than 20 years building her tomb, the Taj Mahal
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The Taj Mahal in all its glory, built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan I for his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal
The Taj Mahal in all its glory, built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan I for his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal

  • 1665 Battle of Viciosa (Monte Claros): English & Portuguese army beat Spain
  • 1700 Massachusetts orders priest to leave the colony
  • 1734 French troops occupy Philipsburg at Rhine
  • 1745 American colonials capture Louisburg, Cape Breton Island from French
  • 1773 Cúcuta, Colombia is founded by Juana Rangel de Cuéllar
  • 1775 Battle of Bunker Hill (actually it was Breed's Hill)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1788 After a lengthy stay in Europe, future US President John Adams and his wife Abigail Adams return to Boston

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
2nd First Lady of the United States Abigail Adams
2nd First Lady of the United States
Abigail Adams
  • 1789 French Revolution: During the meeting of the Estates-General, the Third Estate proclaims itself the 'National Assembly'
  • 1815 Stephen Decatur conquers Algerian frigate Mashouda
  • 1824 US Bureau of Indian Affairs established

InventionHistoric Invention

1837 Charles Goodyear obtains his 1st rubber patent

Chemist and Inventor Charles Goodyear
Chemist and Inventor
Charles Goodyear
  • 1839 King of Hawaii Kamehameha III issues Edict of toleration which gives Roman Catholics freedom to worship in the Hawaiian Islands. The Hawaii Catholic Church and the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace is later established
  • 1850 Paddle-wheeler "G P Griffith" burns off Mentor Ohio (206 die)
  • 1855 Heavy French/British bombing of Sebastopol, Crimea: 2,000+ killed
  • 1856 Republican Party opens its 1st national convention in Philadelphia
  • 1861 Battle of Boonville, MI-Brigadier General Lyon defeats Confederate forces
  • 1863 Battle at Middleburg, Virginia
  • 1863 Battle of Aldie, Confederates fail to drive back Union in Virginia
  • 1863 Naval Engagement at Warsaw Sound GA-USS Weehawken vs CSS Atlanta
  • 1863 Travelers Insurance Co of Hartford chartered (1st accident insurer)
  • 1864 -18] Confederate troops pull back out Solves/lost Mt, Georgia
  • 1864 640m long ponton bridge over James River, Virginia finished
  • 1864 General John B Hood replaces General Johnston
  • 1864 Skirmish at Mud Creek/Noyes's (Nose) Creek, Georgia
  • 1876 1st to hit 2 HRs; & score 5 runs in 9 inn NL game (George Hall, A's)

  • 1876 Battle of Rosebud/Battle Where Girl Saved Her Brother
  • 1877 Indian Wars: Battle of White Bird Canyon - the Nez Perce defeat the US Cavalry at White Bird Canyon in the Idaho Territory
  • 1880 John Ward, Providence, pitches perfect game vs Buffalo
  • 1882 Tornado kills 130 in Iowa
  • 1885 Statue of Liberty arrives in NYC aboard French ship `Isere'
  • 1894 1st US poliomyelitis epidemic breaks out in Rutland, Vermont
  • 1895 US Ship Canal (W 225th St) in the Bronx completed; cutting Marble Hill off from Manhattan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Polar explorers Fridtjof Nansen and Frederick Jackson meet by chance in Franz Josef Land, the Arctic

Arctic Explorer and Diplomat Fridtjof Nansen
Arctic Explorer and Diplomat
Fridtjof Nansen
  • 1897 William Frank Powell, NJ educator, named minister to Haiti
  • 1898 The United States Navy Hospital Corps is established
  • 1901 The College Board introduces its first standardized test, the forerunner to the SAT
  • 1902 US Congress pass the New Lands Reclamation Act, which establishes a fund from sale of public lands to build irrigation dams for arid Western lands
  • 1911 Belgium government of De Broqueville forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 The League to Enforce Peace is organised at Independence Hall in Philadelphia with William Howard Taft as president; its program anticipates the League of Nations

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1916 1st national congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
  • 1916 US troops under General Pershing march into Mexico
  • 1920 Dutch 2nd Chamber accept Anti-revolution law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Amelia Earhart leaves Newfoundland to become 1st woman (passenger) to fly Atlantic (as a passenger in a plane piloted by Wilmer Stultz)

  • 1932 Oil tanker Cymbeline explodes in Montreal, Canada
  • 1932 Bonus Army: around a thousand World War I veterans amass at the United States Capitol as the U.S. Senate considers a bill that would give them certain benefits
  • 1933 Kansas City Massacre: 1 FBI agent, 4 cops & 1 gangster killed by mob
  • 1938 Japan declares war on China
  • 1939 Last public guillotining in France. Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, is guillotined in Versailles outside the prison Saint-Pierre
  • 1940 France asks Germany for terms of surrender in WW II
  • 1940 General De Gaulle departs Bordeaux for London
  • 1940 Germany occupiers ration bread in Holland
  • 1940 USSR occupies Estonia
  • 1940 World War II: sinking of the RMS Lancastria by the Luftwaffe near Saint-Nazaire, France
  • 1944 -19] French troops under Lattre de Tssigny conquer Elba

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1944 Hitler secretly meets with von Rundstedt in Marjival Soissons

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1944 Iceland declares independence from Denmark
  • 1944 Resistance fighter and poet Col Blake arrives in London
  • 1945 Day of Unity in West Germany (National Day)
  • 1946 SW Bell inaugurates mobile telephone commercial service, St Louis
  • 1947 1st round-the-world civil air service leaves NYC
  • 1947 Earnest Reuter becomes mayor of Berlin
  • 1947 Pan Am Airways chartered as 1st worldwide passenger airline
  • 1948 Joe Cronin pinch hit HRs in both ends of a doubleheader
  • 1950 1st kidney transplant (Chicago)
  • 1950 Egypt, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia & Syria sign security pact
  • 1952 2 mine cave-ins at Charleroi, Belgium
  • 1953 Riots in East Germany for reunification

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 US Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas stays executions of spies Julius & Ethel Rosenberg scheduled for next day their 14th anniversary

Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 CIA exile army lands in Guatemala. Organised by John Foster Dulles and United Fruit Co.

US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
US Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Golda Meir begins her term as Israel's foreign minister

4th Prime Minister of Israel Golda Meir
4th Prime Minister of Israel
Golda Meir
  • 1957 Tuskegee boycott begins (Blacks boycotted city stores)
  • 1958 Radio Moscow reports execution of Hungarian ex-premier Imre Nagy
  • 1958 The Wooden Roller Coaster at Playland, which is in the Pacific National Exhibition, Vancouver, Canada opened, and is still open to this day

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1958 "Things Fall Apart" by Nigerian writer Chinua Achebe published by Heinemann - considered most widely read book in African literature

Novelist and Poet Chinua Achebe
Novelist and Poet
Chinua Achebe

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1959 Eamon de Valera elected President of Ireland

President of Ireland Éamon de Valera
President of Ireland
Éamon de Valera
  • 1962 Lou Brock is 2nd to HR into Polo Grounds right-center field bleachers
  • 1963 British House of Commons debates Profumo-Christine Keeler affair
  • 1963 Supreme Court rules against Bible reading/prayer in public schools
  • 1965 11.08" (28.14 cm) of rainfall, Holly, Colorado (state 24-hour record)
  • 1965 1st bombing by B-52 (50 km north of Saigon)
  • 1965 Kinks arrive in NYC beginning their 1st US tour
  • 1966 Peter Green joins John Mayall's Bluebreakers
  • 1967 China becomes world's 4th thermonuclear (H-bomb) power
  • 1967 Longest doubleheader 9:15 (Tigers & Athletics)

Birthdays in History


Person of interestEdward I

1239 Edward I, King of England (1272-1307) who subdued Wales, warred against Scotland and expelled Jews from England, born in London [or 18 June]

King of England Edward I
King of England
Edward I
  • 1603 Joseph of Cupertino, Italian saint, born in Copertino, Apulia, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1663)
  • 1604 Johan Maurits, Prince of Nassau-Siegen (Maurits House), born in Dillenburg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1679)
  • 1682 Charles XII, King of Sweden (1697-1718), born in Tre Kronor, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1718)
  • 1691 Giovanni Paolo Pannini, Italian painter and architect, born in Piacenza, Duchy of Parma, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1765)
  • 1693 Johann Georg Walch, German theologian, born in Meiningen, Germany (d. 1775)
  • 1714 César-François Cassini de Thury, French astronomer (geodesic labor), born in Thury-sous-Clermont, Oise, France (d. 1784)
  • 1718 George Howard, British field marshal (d. 1796)
  • 1742 William Hooper, American attorney and signer of U.S. Declaration of Independence, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1790)
  • 1756 Pierre-Joseph Cambon, French member of Committee of Salut Public, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1820)
  • 1808 Everhardus Johannes Potgieter, Dutch writer and publisher (The Guide), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1875)
  • 1808 Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian poet (Creation, Humanity, and Messiah) and author, born in Kristiansand, Norway (d. 1845)
  • 1810 Ferdinand Freiligrath, German poet and translator, born in Detmold, Principality of Lippe (d. 1876)
  • 1811 Jón Sigurðsson, Icelandic independence fighter and Icelandic historian, born in Hrafnseyri, Arnarfjörður, Iceland (d. 1879)
  • 1817 Thomas Maley Harris, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Wood County, West Virginia (d. 1906)
  • 1818 Sophie of Württemberg, Queen of Netherlands as wife of William III, born in Ludwigsburg Palace, Stuttgart, Württemberg (d. 1877)
  • 1823 John Henry Hobart Ward, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1903)
  • 1828 Johan Karel Jakob De Jonge, Dutch historian, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1880)
  • 1830 Richard Montgomery Gano, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Bourbon County, Kentucky (d. 1913)
  • 1832 William Crookes, English chemist and physicist (Crookes-pipe, thallium), born in London (d. 1919)
  • 1837 Strong Vincent, American army officer (died famously at Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg), born in Waterford, Pennsylvania (d.1863)
  • 1839 Fr. Arthur Tooth SSC, Anglican Clergyman prosecuted for ritualist activities, born in Cranbrook, Kent (d. 1931)
  • 1845 Hendrik Peter Staal, Dutch reformed officer and politician, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1920)
  • 1858 Eben Sumner Draper, American businessman and politician (44th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Hopedale, Massachusetts (d. 1914)
  • 1861 Omar Bundy, U.S. Army general (Spanish–American War in Cuba), born in New Castle, Indiana (d. 1940)
  • 1863 Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Oranienbaum, Russian Empire (d. 1934)
  • 1867 John Robert Gregg, Irish-American inventor of a shorthand system Gregg Shorthand, born in Rockcorry, Ireland (d. 1948)
  • 1867 Henry Lawson, Australian writer and poet (n the Days When the World Was Wide and Other Verses), born in Grenfell, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1922)
  • 1870 George Cormack, American cereal inventor (Wheaties), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota

Person of interestJames Weldon Johnson

1871 James Weldon Johnson, American civil rights activist, leader of the NAACP and Harlem Renaissance poet, born in Jacksonville, Florida (d. 1938)

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • 1871 Nicolae Iorga, Romanian writer, literature historian and Prime Minister of Romania, born in Botoșani, Kingdom of Romania (d. 1940)
  • 1875 Philipp Abraham Kohnstamm, Dutch philosopher and physicist, born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1951)
  • 1878 Albert Thomas, French socialist politician (Minister of Armament WW1), born in Champigny-sur-Marne (d. 1932)
  • 1880 Carl Van Vechten, American writer and photographer (Red, Nigger Heaven), born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa (d. 1964)
  • 1882 Adolf Friedrich VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Neustrelitz, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1884 Christine Bakker-van Bosse, Dutch feminist and pacifist, born in Batavia (d. 1973)
  • 1888 Heinz Guderian, German general during WWII, born in Kulm, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1954)
  • 1898 M. C. Escher, Dutch graphic artist and lithograph carver (Praedestinatie), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1972)
  • 1898 Carl Hermann, German physicist, born in Wesermünde, Germany (d. 1961)

Person of interestMartin Bormann

1900 Martin Bormann, German Nazi leader (Hitler's secretary, chief of the Party Chancellery), born in Wegeleben, Germany (d. 1945)

Nazi leader Martin Bormann
Nazi leader
Martin Bormann
  • 1903 Mikhail Svetlov, Russian poet and writer, born in Yekaterinoslav, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • 1903 Ruth Wakefield, American inventor (created the Toll House Cookie, the first chocolate chip cookie), born in East Walpole, Massachusetts (d. 1977)
  • 1904 Coenraad van Emde Boas, Dutch sexologist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • 1906 Thomas Cowling, British mathematician and astronomer, born in Walthamstow, Essex (d. 1990)
  • 1907 Charles Eames, American designer and architect, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1978)
  • 1908 Jacob "Jimmy" Herman Huizinga, journalist/Writer
  • 1908 Enrique Peralta Azurdia, Colonel and military President of Guatemala (1963-66), born in Guatemala City (d. 1997)
  • 1909 Elmer L. Andersen, 30th Governor of Minnesota (1961-63), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2004)
  • 1910 Diana Mitford, English biographer, famous beauty, wife of Oswald Mosley and one of the Mitford sisters, born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1911 Viktor Nekrasov, Ukrainian architect and author (Vokopach Stalingrada), born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1987)
  • 1912 Wessel Couzijn, Dutch sculptor and cartoonist (Auschwitz-monument), born in Amsterdam (d. 1984)
  • 1913 Felix Hartlaub, German historian and writer, born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1945)
  • 1914 John Hersey, American author (Hiroshima, Bell for Adano, Wall), born in Tientsin, China (d. 1993)
  • 1915 Karl Targownik, Hungarian psychiatrist and Holocaust survivor, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Victor Dalby Lord, fictional character on "One Life to Live"
  • 1918 Maldwyn Thomas, Welsh businessman and Liberal Party politician (d. 2002)
  • 1918 Ajahn Chah, Thai Buddhist meditation master, born in Ubon, Thailand (d. 1992)
  • 1919 Kingman Brewster, American educator and president of Yale University, born in Longmeadow, Massachusetts (d. 1988)
  • 1919 Max Dendermonde [Hendrik Hazelhoff], Dutch literary, born in Winschoten, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • 1920 François Jacob, French biologist and bacteriologist (Nobel 1965), born in Nancy, France (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Patrick Duffy, British politician (L), born in Wigan, Lancashire
  • 1920 Jacob H. Gilbert, American politician (US Representative 1960-1971), born in The Bronx, NYC, New York (d. 1981)
  • 1924 Gotthold Gloger, German writer and painter, born in Königsberg, East Prussia, Germany (d. 2001)
  • 1924 Henk Hoekstra, Dutch politician (Dutch Communist Party), born in Amsterdam (d. 2009)
  • 1926 Alan Walters, British political economist (Chief Economic Adviser to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher), born in Leicester, England (d. 2009)
  • 1927 Austin Murphy, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in North Charleroi, Pennsylvania
  • 1927 Lucio Fulci, Italian director "Godfather of Gore", born in Rome (d. 1996)
  • 1929 Michael L. Strang, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Colorado), born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania (d. 2014)
  • 1931 John Baldessari, American artist, born in National City, California
  • 1932 John Murtha, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in New Martinsville, West Virginia (d. 2010)
  • 1933 Harry Browne, American free-market libertarian writer, politician, and investment analyst (d. 2006)
  • 1933 Anthony Bevilacqua, Roman Catholic Cardinal (Philadelphia), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1938 Peter Michael, English electronic manufacturer (UEI, Paintbox)
  • 1939 Donald Anderson, British Labour Party politician, born in Swansea, Wales
  • 1939 Hanna Johansen, Swiss writer, born in Bremen, Germany
  • 1940 Tony Marlow, British Conservative Party politician, born in Greenwich, London

Person of interestGeorge Akerlof

1940 George Akerlof, American economist (The Market for Lemons) and 2001 Nobel laureate, born in New Haven, Connecticut

Economist George Akerlof
Economist
George Akerlof
  • 1942 Mohamed ElBaradei, Egyptian Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize 2005, born in Cairo, Egypt

Person of interestNewt Gingrich

1943 Newt Gingrich, American politician (Rep-R-GA, 1979-99) and Speaker of the House (1995-97), born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

US Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich
US Speaker of the House
Newt Gingrich
  • 1943 Burt Rutan, American aerospace engineer, born in Estacada, Oregon
  • 1944 Chris Spedding, English rocker (Sharks), born in Staveley, Derbyshire, England
  • 1945 Tommy Franks, American general, born in Wynnewood, Oklahoma
  • 1945 Ken Livingstone, English politician (Mayor of London 2000-08), born in London
  • 1946 Marcy Kaptur, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio), born in Toledo, Ohio
  • 1946 Peter Rosei, Austrian writer (Wer war Edgar Allan?), born in Vienna
  • 1955 Gail Jones, Australian author (Dreams of Speaking), born in Harvey, Western Australia
  • 1958 Sam Hamad, Syrian-born Canadian politician, born in Damascus, Syria
  • 1966 Tory Burch, American fashion designer (Tory Burch LLC), born in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania
  • 1971 Mildred Fox, Irish Independent politician
  • 1977 Bernardo Federico Tomas, Prince of Netherlands

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

1835 Soldier and politician Jefferson Davis (27) weds Sarah Knox Taylor (21) in Louisville, Kentucky

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis

LoveWedding of Interest

1853 Prime Minister of Canada Alexander Mackenzie (31) weds second wife Jane Sym

2nd Prime Minister of Canada Alexander Mackenzie
2nd Prime Minister of Canada
Alexander Mackenzie

LoveWedding of Interest

1872 Jurist Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr (31) weds childhood friend Fanny Bowditch Dixwell

LoveWedding of Interest

1923 Chemist Linus Pauling (22) weds Ava Helen Miller

Chemist & Peace Activist Linus Pauling
Chemist & Peace Activist
Linus Pauling
  • 1933 Vernon Presley marries Gladys Love Smith

LoveWedding of Interest

1950 US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy (24) weds Ethel Kennedy (22) at St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church in Greenwich, Connecticut

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
US Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy
Bobby Kennedy's Wife Ethel Kennedy
Bobby Kennedy's Wife
Ethel Kennedy

LoveWedding of Interest

1977 Senator Joe Biden of Delaware (34) weds Jill Jacobs (26) at the Chapel at the United Nations in New York City

47th Vice President of the United States Joe Biden
47th Vice President of the United States
Joe Biden

LoveWedding of Interest

2006 Producer Dick Wolf (59) weds fashion publicist Noelle Lippman

Crime Drama TV Producer Dick Wolf
Crime Drama TV Producer
Dick Wolf

Deaths in History

  • 656 Osman ibn Affan, 3rd kalief of Islam (644-56) murdered
  • 676 Adeodatus/Deusdedit II, Italian Pope (672-76), dies
  • 1091 Dirk V, count of Holland (1061-91), dies
  • 1119 Boudouin VII with the Axe, earl of Flanders (1111-19), dies
  • 1463 Princess Catherine of Portugal, Portuguese princess of King Edward of Portugal and his wife Eleanor of Aragon and writer, dies at 26
  • 1501 Jan I Olbracht, King of Poland, dies
  • 1565 Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Japanese shogun (b. 1536)
  • 1631 Mumtaz Mahal, Empress consort of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal as her mausoleum and symbol of his undying love, dies during childbirth of her 14th child at 38
  • 1678 Giacomo Torelli, Italian stage designer, engineer and architect dies at 69
  • 1694 Philip Howard, English Roman Catholic Cardinal, dies at 64
  • 1696 John [Jan] III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96), Victor at Battle Vienna over Turks (1683) dies at 66
  • 1719 Joseph Addison, English essayist and poet (co-founder of The Spectator), dies at 47
  • 1734 Duke of Berwick, French general strategist, dies in battle
  • 1734 Claude-Louis-Hector de Villars, Marshal of France, dies at 81
  • 1740 Sir William Wyndham, English politician (b. 1687)
  • 1762 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, French writer (b. 1674)
  • 1775 Major John Pitcairn, British marine (killed in battle) (b. 1722)
  • 1775 Joseph Warren, American physician and soldier, dies at 34
  • 1797 Aga Mohammed Khan, cruel ruler of Persia, castrated & killed
  • 1813 Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, English sailor and politician, dies at 86
  • 1815 Hammida, Algerian admiral, dies in battle
  • 1821 Martín Miguel de Güemes Argentine military leader (b. 1785)
  • 1839 Lord William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, British soldier and statesman (Governor-General of India, 1828-1835), dies at 64
  • 1858 Rani Lakshmibai, queen of Jhansi in North India, one of the leading figures of the Indian rebellion of 1857 (b. 1828)
  • 1862 Charles Canning, English 1st viceroy of British-Indies, dies at 49
  • 1863 Isham W Garrott, US attorney/Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle
  • 1866 Lewis Cass, American military officer and politician (U.S. Senator-Michigan), dies at 83
  • 1876 Harriet Scott, American ex-slave, who with husband Dred Scott unsuccessfully sued for their freedom
  • 1885 Gen Edwin H K Freiherr von Manteuffel, mayor (Elzas-Lothar'n), dies
  • 1897 Sebastian Kneipp, Bavarian priest and naturopathist (known for "Kneipp Cure" form of hydrotherapy), dies at 76
  • 1898 Edward Burne-Jones, English Pre-Raphaelite painter and designer, dies at 64
  • 1906 William Dale, international legal consultant, dies
  • 1918 Derek Barber, CEO (Countryside Commission), dies
  • 1928 Ramon de Basterra, Spanish writer and diplomat (Virulo, mocedades), dies at 39
  • 1939 Eugene Weldman, the last person to be publicly guillotined in France, dies at 31. When asked if he had remorse for his victims he had killed, he replied, “Remorse, what for? I didn’t even know them”
  • 1940 Arthur Harden, English biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), dies at 74
  • 1942 Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian politician who was the 12th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec and 5th Chief Justice of Canada, dies at 88

Person of interestMaxwell Perkins

1947 Maxwell Perkins, American editor and publisher for Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald and Thomas Wolfe, dies at 62

  • 1952 Jack Parsons, American rocket scientist and Thelemite occultist, dies at 37
  • 1956 Paul Rostock, German doctor (b. 1892)
  • 1957 D Richardson, writer, dies at 84
  • 1957 Dorothy M. Richardson, English novelist (Pilgrimage), dies at 84
  • 1959 Abdul Mouse, Indonesian nationalist foreman/author, dies at about 68
  • 1960 Pierre Reverdy, French poet (Nord-Sud), dies at 70
  • 1963 John Cowper Powys, British writer and critic (Wood & Stone, Wolf Solent), dies at 90
  • 1963 Alain F B Alanbrooke, 1st viscount of Brookeborough, dies at 79
  • 1965 Arnold Meijer, Dutch leader of fascist Dutch National & Black Front, dies at 60

Person of interestTarsila do Amaral

1973 Tarsila do Amaral, Brazilian modernist artist, dies at 86

  • 1981 Richard O'Connor, British general (b. 1889)
  • 1981 Zerna Sharp, American writer and educator (Dick and Jane) (b. 1889)
  • 1981 Yitzhak Zuckerman [Itzhak Zuckerman], Jewish resistance hero in World War II and one of the few survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, dies at 65
  • 1983 Eelco N van Kleffens, Dutch min of Foreign affairs 1939-46, dies at 88
  • 1985 Piet De Somer, Belgian rector of University of Louvain, dies at 67
  • 1986 Jozef Keuleers, Belgian worker's union leader, dies at 75
  • 1989 Stanley David Griggs, American astronaut (STS 51-D), dies in plane crash at 59 (b. 1939)
  • 1990 Dick Elffers, graphic artist, dies
  • 1990 Palmira Henry, fashion designer, dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 44
  • 1992 Frederick Exley, novelist (Fan's Note), dies at 63
  • 1993 Angus Suttie, English potter, dies of AIDS at 46
  • 1993 French of Nouhuys, civil servant in Indonesia, dies at 88
  • 1995 Claire Sterling, journalist, dies at 75
  • 1996 Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher of science (paradigm shift), dies at 73
  • 2000 Ismail Mahomed, South African and Namibian Chief Justice, 1st permanent black judge on South African Supreme Court, dies at 68
  • 2001 Donald J. Cram, American biochemist (development and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity - Nobel 1987), dies at 82
  • 2002 J. Carter Brown, American art director (Washington National Gallery), dies at 67
  • 2005 Sam Loeb, comic book writer (b. 1988)
  • 2007 Gianfranco Ferrè, Italian fashion designer (b. 1944)
  • 2008 Tsutomu Miyazaki, Japanese serial killer (b. 1962)
  • 2009 Darrell Powers, American World War II veteran of the United States 101st Airborne Division. (b. 1923)
  • 2009 Ralf Dahrendorf, German-born sociologist and politician (b. 1929)
  • 2010 K. S. Rajah, Singaporean jurist (b. 1930)

Person of interestRodney King

2012 Rodney King, African American motorist beaten by LA cop, dies at 47

Victim of Police Violence Rodney King
Victim of Police Violence
Rodney King
  • 2014 Patsy Byrne, English actress, dies at 80
  • 2015 Suleyman Demirel, Turkish leader, President (1993-2000) and Prime Minister, dies at 90
  • 2019 Gloria Vanderbilt, American fashion designer, artist, heiress and socialite, dies at 95
  • 2019 Mohamed Morsi, Egyptian politician, President of Egypt (2012-13), leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, dies at 67