On This Day

On This Day in History for June 18

Events in History

  • 618 Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China, initiating three centuries of the Tang Dynasty's rule over China
  • 860 Rus Vikings attack Constantinople

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1155 Pope Adrian IV crowns Frederick I Barbarossa Roman-German Emperor

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1178 Five monks at Canterbury report something exploding on the moon shortly after sunset (only known observation)
  • 1264 The Parliament of Ireland meets at Castledermot in County Kildare, the first definitively known meeting of this Irish legislature
  • 1316 Peace of Fexhe: prince-bishop Adolf II of Mark and Luikse towns

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1538 Treaty of Nice: ends war between Emperor Charles V & King French I

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1541 Irish parliament selects Henry VIII of England as King of Ireland

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1574 Polish King Hendrik of Anjou secretly leaves Poland
  • 1580 States of Utrecht forbid Catholic worship
  • 1583 Richard Martin of London takes out first life insurance policy, on William Gibbons; premium was £383

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1629 Sea battle at Dungeness: Piet Heyn beats the Dunkirkers, commerce raiders in the service of the Spanish Monarchy

Dutch Admiral and Privateer Piet Heyn
Dutch Admiral and Privateer
Piet Heyn
  • 1639 Treaty of Berwick: Ends the First Bishops' War between England and Scotland
  • 1643 Skirmish at Chalgrove Field: Prince Rupert defeats Parliamentarian armies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682 English Quaker William Penn founds Philadelphia, in the Pennsylvania Colony

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1757 Battle at Kolin Bohemia: Austrian army beats Prussia

  • 1767 Samuel Wallis, an English sea captain, sights Tahiti; considered the first European to reach the island
  • 1778 British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and head for New York
  • 1779 French fleet occupies St Vincent, West Indies
  • 1812 War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain

Battle of InterestBattle of Waterloo

1815 Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher

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'Wellington at Waterloo', by Robert Alexander Hillingford, depicting Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, during the final confrontation against Napoleon
'Wellington at Waterloo', by Robert Alexander Hillingford, depicting Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, during the final confrontation against Napoleon
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  • 1822 Part of US-Canadian boundary determined
  • 1837 Spain gets new Constitution

Famous PhotoFirst Photo of Lightning?

1847 American photographer Thomas Martin Easterly takes the earliest known photograph of lightning using the daguerreotype process in St. Louis, Missouri [1]

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Cabinet card photo of a daguerreotype by Thomas Martin Easterly, showing streaks of lightning
Cabinet card photo of a daguerreotype by Thomas Martin Easterly, showing streaks of lightning
Learn More
  • 1863 After long neglect, Confederates hurriedly fortify Vicksburg

BattleBattle of Interest

1864 Battle of Petersburg: Ulysses S. Grant ends four days of assaults and begins a nine month siege

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1872 Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 Susan B. Anthony fined $100 ($2,200 in 2020 value) for voting for US President in Rochester, New York; she refused to pay and no further action against her was taken

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1879 W. H. Richardson, an African-American inventor, patents the children's carriage (Patent no. 405599)
  • 1887 The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed
  • 1892 Brothers Edward and Robert Jordan plant 1st Macadamia nuts in Oahu, Hawaii
  • 1894 Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate
  • 1898 Steel Pier, 1st amusement pier opens in Atlantic City, New Jersey [1]
  • 1900 Empress Dowager Cixi orders I-Ho-Chuan (Boxers) to kill all foreigners
  • 1900 General Luigi Pelloux resigns as premier of Italy
  • 1908 Japanese immigration to Brazil begins when 781 people arrive in Santos aboard the Kasato-Maru ship

  • 1909 American educator Nannie Helen Burroughs forms National Training School for Women and Girls in Washington D.C

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1912 The Chicago national Republican Convention splits between President Taft and Theodore Roosevelt; after Taft is nominated, Roosevelt and progressive elements of the Party form the Progressive Party (also known as the 'Bull Moose Party')

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1926 Theodor Lessing laid-off "because he is a Jew" in Hanover

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean, landing at Burry Port, Wales

  • 1930 Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Franklin Institute science museum held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1934 US Highway planning surveys nationwide authorized
  • 1940 German occupiers slaughter cattle, pigs and chickens

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1940 Winston Churchill's "this was their finest hour" speech urging perseverance during Battle of Britain delivered to British House of Commons

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1941 Turkey signs peace treaty with nazi-Germany
  • 1942 Bernard W Robinson, becomes 1st African American ensign in US Navy
  • 1942 Eric Nessler of France stays aloft in a glider for 38h21m
  • 1943 SS Police in Amsterdam sentence 12 resistance fighters to death for the fire-bombing at the census records bureau in March
  • 1944 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw), fascist politician and Nazi propaganda broadcaster, charged with treason in England

Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist William Joyce
Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist
William Joyce
  • 1946 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist calls for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa. A road is named after this date in Panjim
  • 1948 American Library Association adopts Library Bill of Rights
  • 1948 National Security Council authorizes covert operations for 1st time

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1951 Charles de Gaulle wins French parliamentary election

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1951 In South Africa, the Suppression of Communism Act commences
  • 1953 Egypt proclaimed a republic, General Neguib becomes president

  • 1953 USAF C124 Globemaster crashes near Tokyo killing 129 servicemen
  • 1954 Pierre Mendès forms French government
  • 1959 1st telecast transmitted from England to US
  • 1959 Governor of Louisiana Earl K. Long is committed to a state mental hospital; he responds by having the hospital's director fired and replaced with a crony who proceeds to proclaim him perfectly sane
  • 1963 3,000 blacks boycott Boston public school to protest de facto segregation
  • 1964 African Groundnut Council forms in Dakar
  • 1968 Supreme Court bans racial discrimination in sale and rental of housing
  • 1969 A report published by the International Commission of Jurists on the British government's policy in Northern Ireland is critical of both the British government and the Northern Ireland government

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1970 Edward Heath's Conservative Party win the General Election in UK, replacing the Labour Party

British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath
  • 1971 Social Democratic and Labour Party and Nationalist Members of Parliament refuse to attend the state opening of Stormont (North Ireland Parliament)
  • 1972 BEA Trident crashes after takeoff from Heathrow killing 118
  • 1972 3 members of the British Army are killed by an Irish Republican Army (IRA) bomb in a derelict house near Lurgan, County Down

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1973 Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev visits the US and President Nixon

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • 1974 Gaston Thorn forms Luxembourg government
  • 1976 A Joseph William Turner watercolor auctioned for £340,000
  • 1977 Space Shuttle test model "Enterprise" carries a crew aloft for 1st time, it was fixed to a modified Boeing 747
  • 1978 Victor de la Torre wins Peru election
  • 1979 US President Carter and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sign SALT II treaty limiting nuclear weapons
  • 1980 Dutch 2nd Chamber joins oil boycott of South Africa

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1980 Indian "human computer" Shakuntala Devi sets a world record by mentally multiplying two random 13-digit numbers in 28 seconds; She correctly answered that 7,686,369,774,870 × 2,465,099,745,779 = 18,947,668,177,995,426,462,773,730 !

Writer and Mathematician Shakuntala Devi
Writer and Mathematician
Shakuntala Devi

  • 1981 Kimberley Ann Smith, of NC, 17, crowned America's Junior Miss
  • 1981 US Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart retires
  • 1981 Vaccine to prevent hoof & mouth disease announced
  • 1981 The AIDS epidemic is formally recognized by medical professionals in San Francisco, California
  • 1982 Voting Rights Act of 1965 extended by Senate by 85-8 vote

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 7th Shuttle Mission-Challenger 2 launches Sally Ride as 1st US woman in space

1st American Woman in Space Sally Ride
1st American Woman in Space
Sally Ride
  • 1983 IRA's Joseph Doherty arrested in NYC
  • 1986 De Havilland Twin Otter & Bell 206 helicopter collide, kills 25
  • 1986 Heike Friedrich swims female world record 200m freestyle (1:57.55)
  • 1986 Papua New Guinea score 9-455 in 60 overs v Gibraltar, ICC Trophy
  • 1986 US House of Representatives approves Bill to impose stricter sanctions on Apartheid South Africa
  • 1989 Comet Churyunov-Gerasimenko at perihelion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Boris Yeltsin, President of Russia, arrives in US

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • 1991 Mud storm in Antofagasta Chile, kills 80
  • 1993 Tōru Takemitsu's "Archipelago S" premieres in Aldeburgh England
  • 1994 Gay Games open in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 Ted Kaczynski, suspected of being the Unabomber, is indicted on ten criminal counts

Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist Ted Kaczynski
Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist
Ted Kaczynski
  • 2001 Protests occur in Manipur over the extension of the ceasefire between Naga insurgents and the government of India
  • 2006 The first Kazakh space satellite, KazSat is launched
  • 2012 15 people are killed and 40 injured in a suicide attack in Baquba, Iraq
  • 2013 31 people are killed and 60 are injured by two suicide bombings in al-Qahira, Baghdad
  • 2013 27 people are killed and 30 are injured by a suicide bomb in Sher Garh, Pakistan
  • 2013 Russia passes a law banning foreign same-sex couples from adopting children

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 King Juan Carlos I of Spain abdicates the Spanish throne to make way for his son Felipe VI

King of Spain Juan Carlos I
King of Spain
Juan Carlos I
King of Spain Felipe VI
King of Spain
Felipe VI

Birthdays in History

  • 1269 Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar, born in Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire (d. 1298)
  • 1318 Eleanor of Woodstock, English princess, daughter of Edward II, Duchess of Guelders, wife of Reinoud II, born in Woodstock, Oxfordshire (d. 1355)
  • 1466 Ottaviano Petrucci, Italian printer, born in Fossombrone, Italy (d. 1539)
  • 1511 Bartolommeo Ammanati, Italian sculptor and architect, born in Settignano, Italy (d. 1592)
  • 1517 Emperor Ōgimachi, 106th Emperor of Japan (d. 1593)
  • 1552 Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet, born in Savona, Italy (d. 1637)
  • 1581 Thomas Overbury, English poet (A Wife) and essayist, born in Compton Scorpion, Warwickshire, England (d. 1613)
  • 1667 Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshal (d. 1750)
  • 1681 Feofan Prokopovich, Russian Orthodox theologian and Archbishop of Novgorod, born in Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1736)
  • 1716 Joseph-Marie Vien, French court painter, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1809)
  • 1740 Karel van Poucke, Flemish sculptor, born in Diksmuide, West Flanders, Belgium (d. 1809)
  • 1757 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine politician and 1st Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, born in Buenos Aires (d. 1833)
  • 1758 Quint Ondaatje, Dutch jurist and politician, born in Colombo (d. 1818)
  • 1799 William Lassell, British astronomer who discovered satellites of Uranus and Neptune, born in Bolton, England (d. 1880)
  • 1809 Sylvanus William Godon, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1879)
  • 1812 Ivan Goncharov, Russian novelist/travel writer (Oblomov)
  • 1813 Pavel Annenkov, Russian literature historian (Zametsjatelnoje desjatileti), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1887)
  • 1824 Johannes Heykamp, Catholic archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1839 William Henry Seward Jr, American banker and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Auburn, New York (d. 1920)
  • 1845 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1922)
  • 1854 Edward Wyllis Scripps, American publisher who organized 1st major chain of newspapers in the US, born in Rushville, Illinois
  • 1857 Henry Clay Folger, American CEO of Standard Oil and founder of the Folger Shakespeare Library, born in NYC, New York (d. 1930)
  • 1858 Hans Schardt, Swiss geologist
  • 1860 Hugo Loudon, CEO (Royal Dutch Oil [Shell])
  • 1861 José Trindade Coelho, Portuguese writer (Os Meus Amores), born in Mogadouro, Portugal (d. 1908)
  • 1863 George Essex Evans, Australian poet (d. 1909)
  • 1868 Miklos Horthy von Nagybanya, Hungarian admiral/regent (1910-44)
  • 1870 Edouard Le Roy, French philosopher and mathematician
  • 1877 James Montgomery Flagg, American illustrator ("I want you" Uncle Sam), born in Pelham, New York (d. 1960)
  • 1881 Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen, Dutch labor leader
  • 1882 Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgaria premier (1946-49) [or 6/28]

Person of interestÉdouard Daladier

1884 Edouard Daladier, 72nd Prime Minister of France (1933, 1934 and 1938-40) and PM at the start of World War II, born in Carpentras, Vaucluse, France (d. 1970)

Prime Minister of France Édouard Daladier
Prime Minister of France
Édouard Daladier

Person of interestGeorge Mallory

1886 George Mallory, English mountain climber ("because it is there"), born in Mobberley, England (d. 1924)

Mountain Climber George Mallory
Mountain Climber
George Mallory
  • 1886 Alexander Wetmore, American ornithologist (d. 1978)
  • 1889 Paul Joostens, Flemish painter
  • 1891 Hans Ruin, Finnish Swedish-language historian
  • 1895 Manuela Fernández-Fojaco, Spanish supercentenarian (d. 2009)
  • 1896 Philip Barry, American dramatist (Philadelphia Story)
  • 1899 James Ralph Darling, English Australian teacher and head of the Australian Broadcasting Commission, born in Tonbridge, England (d. 1995)

Person of interestAnastasia Nikolaevna

1901 Anastasia Nikolaevna, youngest daughter of the last Russian Tsar, Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, born in Peterhof Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)

Grand Duchess of Russia Anastasia Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess of Russia
Anastasia Nikolaevna
  • 1903 Raymond Radiguet, French journalist/writer (Le diable ouch corps)
  • 1907 Froelich Rainey, American anthropologist and quiz moderator (What in the World), born in Black River Falls, Wisconsin (d. 1992)
  • 1908 Bud Collyer, American TV emcee (Beat the Clock, To Tell the Truth), born in NYC, New York
  • 1908 Stanley Knowles, Canadian politician (d. 1997)
  • 1913 Sylvia Porter, financial writer (Sylvia Porter's Money Book)
  • 1915 Red Adair, American oilman (fought oil fires in Kuwait), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2004)
  • 1917 Arthur Tremblay, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • 1918 Bert Schierbeek, Dutch writer and poet (Cross Roads), born in Glanerbrug, Overijssel (d. 1996)
  • 1919 TedLeadbitter, British politician (Labour), born in Easington, England (d. 1996)
  • 1919 Edwin Clarke, British neurologist, medical historian,and museum keeper, born in Felling-on-Tyne, England (d. 1996)
  • 1919 Jerome Karle, American chemist (Nobel 1985) and Manhattan Project member, born in New York (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Aster Berkhof [Louis Van de Bergh], Flemish writer (Furious Christ), born in Rijkevorsel, Belgium (d. 2020)
  • 1922 Donald Keene, American Japanese translator and critic, born in NYC, New York
  • 1924 Liesbeth den Uyl-van Vessem, Dutch feminist and wife of Prime Minister Joop den Uyl, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1990)
  • 1925 Rex Collings, English publisher (Rex Collings), (d. 1996)
  • 1926 Patricia Hutchinson, British ambassador (Uruguay)
  • 1926 Tom Wicker, American columnist (covered assassination of JFK for NY Times) and author, born in Hamlet, North Carolina (d. 2011)
  • 1927 John Phillipps Kenyon, English historian, born in Sheffield, England (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Michael Blakemore, British theater director (Country Life)
  • 1928 David T. Lykken, American behavioral geneticist, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2006)
  • 1929 James Bishop, English editor (deputy editor of The Times), born in London, England (d. 2017)
  • 1929 Jürgen Habermas, German sociologist and philosopher (Frankfurter Schule), born in Düsseldorf
  • 1931 Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Brazilian politician and sociologist, President of Brazil (1995 - 2002), born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 1932 Dudley R. Herschbach, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932 Geoffrey Hill, English poet, born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire (d. 2016)
  • 1934 Brian Kenny, British Army officer, deputy supreme allied commander (Europe), born in Aldershot, England (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Carl de Winter, sect-gen (Federation of British Artists)
  • 1934 Mitsuteru Yokoyama, Japanese manga artist (d. 2004)
  • 1935 Hugh McColl, American banker, born in Bennettsville, South Carolina
  • 1936 Ian Spurling, Australian born ballet designer (The Royal Ballet), born in South Australia (d. 1996)
  • 1936 Ronald Venetian, President of Suriname (1991-96, 2000-2010), born in Paramaribo, Suriname
  • 1937 Gail Godwin, American author (Perfectionists, Odd Woman)
  • 1937 Jay Rockefeller, American politician (Sen-D-West Virginia 1985-2015), born in New York City
  • 1937 Vitaly Mikhailovich Zholobov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 21)
  • 1938 Joop Worrell, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • 1938 Kevin Murray, Australian rules footballer
  • 1940 Bob Duncan, prison warden (Gartree Prison in UK)

Person of interestThabo Mbeki

1942 Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa (1999-2008), 1st vice-president (1994-99) and economist, born in Mbewuleni, Eastern Cape

President of South Africa Thabo Mbeki
President of South Africa
Thabo Mbeki
  • 1946 Russell Ash, British author ('the human Google'), born in Surrey, England
  • 1946 Fabio Capello, Italian football coach
  • 1949 William Randolph Hearst III, American publisher and editor
  • 1949 Chris Van Allsburg, American author and illustrator
  • 1949 Lech Kaczyński, Polish president (2005-10), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1949 Jaroslaw Kaczynski, Polish lawyer and politician (head of Law and Justice party), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1952 Idriss Déby, Chadian politician & military officer (President of Chad, 1990–2021), born in Berdoba, Chad (d. 2021)
  • 1962 Jan[ice] Merrill, track star (US record long distance holder 1979)
  • 1964 Uday Hussein, Iraqi leader (d. 2003)
  • 1969 Christopher Largen, American author, born in Fort Worth, Texas (d. 2012)
  • 1976 Witte Wartena, Dutch artist
  • 1981 Teresa Cormack, New Zealand child murder victim (d. 1987)
  • 1981 Ella (Jiahua) Chen, member of the Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E
  • 2006 Countess Zaria of Orange-Nassau, Jonkvrouwe van Amsberg

Weddings in History

  • 1839 Dutch prince Willem Alexander (later William III) weds cousin Princess Sophia

LoveWedding of Interest

1858 Norwegian modernist playwright "The Doll's House" Henrik Ibsen (30) marries Suzannah Thoresen (21) in Oslo

Playwright Henrik Ibsen
Henrik Ibsen
  • 1989 John Wayne Bobitt marries Lorena L Gallo

LoveWedding of Interest

2005 Politician Jerry Brown (67) weds businesswoman Anne Gust (47) in Oakland, California

Governor of California Jerry Brown
Governor of California
Jerry Brown
  • 2016 Daughter of the Prince Michel de Ligne, Princess Alix de Ligne of Belgium (31) weds Earl Guillaume de Dampierre (31) at St Peter's Church in Belgium

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1971 Aviator Howard Hughes divorces 2nd wife Jean Peters after 14 years of marriage

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes

Deaths in History

  • 741 Leo III de Isaurier, Byzantine Emperor (717-41), dies
  • 1234 Emperor Chūkyō, 85th emperor of Japan, dies at 15
  • 1291 Alfonso III, King of Aragon (1285-91), dies
  • 1464 Rogier van der Weyden, Flemish painter, dies at 65
  • 1580 Juliana van Stolberg, Engraver of Nassau, dies
  • 1588 Anna van Nassau, daughter of William the Silent and his second wife, Anna of Saxony and wife of William Louis, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies at 24
  • 1588 Robert Crowley, English printer and poet

Person of interestPiet Heyn

1629 Piet Heyn, Dutch privateer who captured a Spanish silver fleet and admiral who became a folk hero, shot by cannonball during a skirmish with privateers at 51

Dutch Admiral and Privateer Piet Heyn
Dutch Admiral and Privateer
Piet Heyn
  • 1667 Louise Henriette, daughter of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, dies at 39
  • 1669 Abraham Crijnssen, Swiss admiral, conquered Suriname, dies

Person of interestJeanne Mance

1673 Jeanne Mance, French Canadian settler and founder of the first hospital in North America (Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal), dies at 66

Nurse and Settler of New France Jeanne Mance
Nurse and Settler of New France
Jeanne Mance
  • 1704 Thomas "Tom" Brown, English translator and writer of satire (Amusements Serious and Comical, calculated for the Meridian of London), dies at 41
  • 1742 John Aislabie, English politician (Chancellor of the Exchequer), dies at 71
  • 1749 Ambrose Philips, English poet (b. 1674)
  • 1772 Gerard van Swieten, Dutch-Austrian physician (Austrian Empress Maria Theresa's personal physician), dies at 72
  • 1772 Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher, dies at 65
  • 1788 Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader, dies at 74
  • 1794 James Murray, British military officer and administrator (b. 1721)
  • 1815 Thomas Picton, British general (killed in battle) (b. 1758)
  • 1815 Guillaume Philibert Duhesme, French general (b. 1766)
  • 1817 Joannes Siberg, Dutch Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1801-05), dies
  • 1824 Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1790-1801), dies at 55
  • 1835 William Cobbett, English journalist and author, dies at 72
  • 1853 Branko Radicevic, Serbian poet (1st Serbian Uprising), dies
  • 1858 Lakshmi Bai, Indian Queen of the princely state of Jhansi in North India and leader of the Indian Mutiny (1857-58), dies at 23
  • 1866 Jacob Abels, Dutch painter, dies at 62
  • 1871 George Grote, British historian (History of Greece), dies at 76
  • 1880 John Sutter, German-Swiss-American colonist who established Sutter's Fort in what is now Sacramento and where gold was first discovered in California, dies at 77
  • 1884 Juan Bautista Alberdi, Argentine political theorist and writer (Crime of War), dies at 74
  • 1886 Joannes Paredis, Belgian Bishop of Roermond, dies at 90
  • 1902 Samuel Butler, English author (Erewhom, Way of All Flesh), dies at 66
  • 1915 Eufemio Zapata, brother to Mexican revolutionist Emiliano Zapata, killed by Sidronio Comancho
  • 1916 Helmuth von Moltke, German chief general of staff, dies at 67
  • 1916 Max Immelmann, German pilot (1st flying ace of WWI), shot down over Northern France at 25
  • 1921 Eduardo Acevedo Díaz, Uruguayan writer (Nativa, Lanza y Sable), dies at 70
  • 1921 Herman Baccaert, Flemish philological/writer (Kantkennis), dies at 37
  • 1922 John Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer (studied the Milky Way), dies at 71
  • 1925 Robert M. La Follette, American lawyer and presidential candidate (Progressive), dies at 70
  • 1926 Olga Constantinovna of Russia, Queen consort of the Hellenes as the wife of King George I, dies at 74

Person of interestRoald Amundsen

1928 Roald Amundsen, Norwegian polar explorer who led the 1st expedition to the South Pole, dies in a plane crash while flying on a rescue mission in the Arctic at 55

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen

Person of interestMaxim Gorky

1936 Maxim Gorky [Alexei M Peshkov], Russian writer (Mother), dies at 68

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1937 Gaston Doumergue, 60th Prime Minister of France (1913-14 and 1934) and 1st protestant French President (1924-31), dies at 73
  • 1942 Adolf Opalka, Czech resistance fighter, shot down
  • 1942 John Kubris, Czech resistance fighter, killed Heydrich, dies at 28
  • 1945 Harold C. Roberts, American commandant 22nd regiment marines (3 Navy Crosses), dies in battle during Okinawa campaign at 46
  • 1945 Simon Bolivar Buckner, American Lieutenant General of 10th Army, dies in action during Battle of Okinawa at 58
  • 1945 Florence Bascom, American geologist and 1st woman hired by the US Geological Survey, dies at 82
  • 1947 Shigematsu Sakaibara, Japanese admiral, hanged for war crimes at 48
  • 1954 Albert Patterson, American politician and attorney, asassinated in Phenix City, Alabama, shortly after his designation as the Democratic candidate for Alabama Attorney General, at 60
  • 1971 Paul Karrer, Swiss organic chemist (Nobel 1937), dies at 82
  • 1973 Willem Vogt, Dutch radio pioneer/founder AVRO, dies at 84

Person of interestGeorgy Zhukov

1974 Georgy Zhukov, Russian deputy commander-in-chief of the Red Army during WWII (Battles of Stalingrad, Kursk and Berlin) and Minister of Defense, dies at 77

Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Georgy Zhukov
  • 1974 Júlio César de Mello e Souza, Brazilian writer (The Man Who Counted), dies at 79
  • 1975 Faisal Ibn Mussed Abdul Aziz, Saudi prince, beheaded in Riyadh shopping center parking lot for killing his uncle the king
  • 1978 Walter C. Alvarez, American physician (b. 1884)
  • 1982 Djuna Barnes, American author (Nightwood), dies at 80
  • 1982 Roberto Calvi, Italian banker and director (Banco Ambrosiano), hangs himself at 62
  • 1982 John Cheever, American writer (Wapshot Chronicle, Pulitzer), dies at 70
  • 1984 Alan Berg, American radio talk show host, dies after being shot by White Nationalists at 50
  • 1985 Paul Colin, French poster designer, dies at 92
  • 1986 Frances Scott Fitzgerald, Daughter of F. Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda Sayre. (b. 1921)
  • 1987 Bruce Marshall, Scottish writer, dies at 87
  • 1989 I. F. Stone, American journalist (b. 1907)
  • 1992 Peter Allen, entertainer (Legs Diamond), dies of aids at 48
  • 1992 Mordecai Ardon, one of Israel's greatest painters (b. 1896)
  • 1994 Jack Harkness, British rose grower (R. Harkness & Co. Ltd), dies at 75
  • 1995 Charles Martin, cartoonist, dies at 85
  • 1997 Lev Kopelev, Russian writer and dissident (b. 1912)
  • 2005 Manuel Sadosky, Argentine mathematician (b. 1914)
  • 2005 J.J. Pickle, American politician (Rep-D-Texas, 1963-95), dies at 91
  • 2008 Tasha Tudor, American illustrator and children's books author (Pumpkin Moonshine, Corgiville Fair), dies at 92

Person of interestJosé Saramago

2010 José Saramago, Portuguese writer and Nobel laureate, dies of leukemia at 87

Novelist José Saramago
José Saramago
  • 2011 Frederick Chiluba, 2nd President of Zambia (1991-2001), dies at 68
  • 2011 Yelena Bonner, Soviet dissident and wife of Andre Sakharov, dies of heart failure at 88 [1]
  • 2015 Ralph J Roberts, American businessman and founder of Comcast, dies of natural causes at 95
  • 2016 Paul Cox, Dutch-born Australian director (Lonely Hearts), dies at 76
  • 2017 Hope Ryden, American wildlife activist and photographer, dies at 87
  • 2017 Lord Joffe [Joel Goodman Joffe], South African-born British lawyer (instructing solicitor for Nelson Mandela’s defence team) and businessman, dies at 85