On This Day

On This Day in History for June 19

Events in History

  • 987 Louis IV, crowned king of France
  • 1179 The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Earl Erling Skakke is killed, and the battle changes the tide of the civil war
  • 1205 Pope Innocent III fires Adolf I as archbishop of Cologne
  • 1269 King Louis IX of France decrees all Jews must wear a yellow badge in public or be fined 10 livres of silver
  • 1286 Rabbenu Mir of Rothenbur imprisoned in fortress of Ensisheim

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1306 The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Robert the Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven

King of Scotland Robert the Bruce
King of Scotland
Robert the Bruce

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1464 French King Louis XI forms postal service

King of France Louis XI
King of France
Louis XI
  • 1502 Emperor Maximilian I and England sign treaty of Antwerp
  • 1572 Garrison under Adrian van Swieten occupy Oudewater
  • 1586 English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island, North Carolina
  • 1588 Spanish Armada heavily destroyed in storm at Coruna
  • 1603 Merga Bien arrested for witchcraft in Fulda, Germany, part of Fulda witch trials. She and about 250 people later burned at the stake.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1610 Samuel de Champlain and his French army defeat the Mohawk people at the Battle of Sorel in New France, present-day Sorel-Tracy, Quebec

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain
  • 1631 Peace of Cherasco: Charles de Gonzaga-Nevers becomes duke of Mantua
  • 1669 Polish parliament selects Litouwer Michael Wisniopwiecki as king

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1741 Russian mathematician Leonhard Euler leaves St. Petersburg for a position at the Berlin Academy, offered to him by Frederick the Great of Prussia

Mathematician Leonhard Euler
Leonhard Euler
King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great

  • 1754 Albany Congress held by seven British colonies & Iroquois indians
  • 1770 General Church of New Jerusalem established
  • 1770 Emanuel Swedenborg reports the completion of the Second Coming of Christ in his work True Christian Religion
  • 1778 Washington's troops finally leave Valley Forge
  • 1790 French Revolution: The National Assembly issues a decree abolishing the titles, orders and other privileges of the French nobility
  • 1807 Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos
  • 1816 Battle of Seven Oaks between North West Company and Hudson's Bay Company, near Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1821 Decisive defeat of the Greek revolutionary society Philikí Etaireía by the Ottomans at Drăgăşani (in Wallachia)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1829 Sir Robert Peel introduces the Metropolitan Police Act 1829 into Parliament to establish a unified police force for London

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • 1835 New Orleans gives US government Jackson Square to be used as a mint
  • 1861 Anaheim Post Office established
  • 1861 Francis Pierpont is elected provisional governor of West Virginia
  • 1862 Slavery outlawed in US territories
  • 1863 Battle at Middleburg Virginia (100+ casualties)
  • 1864 CSS "Alabama" sunk by USS "Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France
  • 1864 Skirmish at Pine Knob, Georgia


1865 Union General Gordon Granger declares slaves are free in Texas, now the date the end of slavery is celebrated across the US as Juneteenth

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The declaration issued in Texas informing citizens that all slaves were free as of June 19, 1865
The declaration issued in Texas informing citizens that all slaves were free as of June 19, 1865
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  • 1868 Major general E R S Canby removes mayor of Columbia, South Carolina
  • 1875 Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio in San Francisco.
  • 1875 The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins

  • 1881 Muhammad Ahmad becomes Mahdi of Sudan
  • 1897 Wee Willie Keeler's 44 game hitting streak ends

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1900 Republican Party nominates President William McKinley for re-election, but chooses a new candidate for Vice-President, Theodore Roosevelt

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1910 1st airship in service "Germany"
  • 1910 Father's Day celebrated for 1st time (Spokane, Washington)
  • 1912 Tennessee University opened as Tennessee A & L State College
  • 1913 Natives Land Act, Act No 27, passed in South Africa: confines Africans to hopelessly overcrowded reserves and deprives them of rights to purchase land outside the native reserves
  • 1917 The British Royal Family, which has had strong German ties since George I, renounces its German names and titles and adopts the name of Windsor
  • 1919 Opposed to dismemberment of Turkey by the Allies, Mustafa Kemal declares his Turkish Nationalist Congress, headquartered in Ankara, independent of Constantinople
  • 1921 Census held in Great Britain
  • 1921 Turks and Christians of Palestine sign a friendship treaty against Jews
  • 1923 Comic Strip "Moon Mullins" debuts
  • 1926 DeFord Bailey is 1st African American to perform on Nashville's "Grand Ole Opry"
  • 1931 1st photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven, Connecticut
  • 1932 Hailstones kill 200 in Hunan Province, China
  • 1933 Austrian government-Dollfuss bans nazi-organizations
  • 1934 Federal Communications Commission (FCC) created
  • 1936 Dutch Premier Colijn denies relation with German call-girl

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1937 Francisco Franco's troops conquer the Bilbao Basques

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1938 "Olympian Flyer" express train crashes in Montana, killing 47

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 German 7th Armoured division under command of Rommel occupies Cherbourg

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Hermann Goering orders seizure of Dutch horses, car, buses and ships

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1941 Romania orders Jewish evacuation of Darabani

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs the Two Ocean Navy Expansion Act

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1941 Soviet anthropologist Michael Gerasimov opens tomb of Timurid Empire founder Timur and allegedly finds the inscription that whoever opens the tomb shall "unleash an invader more terrible than I." Three days later Germany invades Russia.
  • 1943 Race riot in Beaumont Texas
  • 1944 French troops free Elba
  • 1944 Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
  • 1944 Japanese troops conquer Changsha China
  • 1944 World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet

CameraFamous Photo

1944 Five of the "The Magnificent Eleven" photos taken by Robert Capa during the D-Day landings at Omaha Beach, Normandy first published in "Life Magazine"

Photojournalist Robert Capa
Robert Capa
  • 1947 1st plane (F-80) to exceed 600 mph (1004 kph)-Albert Boyd, Muroc, California
  • 1948 Panama and Costa Rica recognize Israel
  • 1953 Albert W Dent elected president of US National Health Council
  • 1954 Tasmanian Devil debuts in "Devil May Hare" by Warner Bros
  • 1959 Senate rejects Ike's appointment of Lewis Strauss for Secetary of Commerce
  • 1960 1st Copa Libertadores Final, Asunción: Luis Cubilla scores 83' equaliser for Peñarol of Uruguay for 1-1 draw against Olimpia (Paraguay); win 2-1 on aggregate after taking 1st-leg 1-0 in Montevideo
  • 1961 Charlie Finley, changes A's manager Joe Gordon (26-33) for Hank Bauer
  • 1961 Kuwait declares independence from UK
  • 1961 US Supreme Court struck down a provision in Maryland's constitution requiring state office holders to believe in God

  • 1963 2 Russian space missions return to Earth
  • 1963 Charter members of Canadian Football Hall of Fame chosen
  • 1963 Greek government of Pipinolis forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Valentina Tereshkova 1st woman in space returns to Earth

1st Woman in Space Valentina Tereshkova
1st Woman in Space
Valentina Tereshkova

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Civil Rights Act of 1964 passes 73-27

US Vice President Hubert Humphrey
US Vice President
Hubert Humphrey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Luther Burbank Home and Gardens, home of the famous horticulturist, is designated a National Historical Landmark in Santa Rosa, California

Horticulturist Luther Burbank
Luther Burbank
  • 1965 Algerian coup under colonel Houari Boumedienne, pres Ben Bella fired
  • 1965 KYW-AM in Cleveland Ohio returns call letters to Philadelphia
  • 1968 50,000 participate in Solidarity Day March of Poor People's Campaign
  • 1969 State troopers ordered to Cairo Ill, to quell racial disturbances
  • 1970 A Nikolayev & V Sevastyanov return after 18 days in Soyuz 9

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1970 Conservatives led by Edward Heath win British parliamentary election

British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath
  • 1970 The Patent Cooperation Treaty is signed
  • 1971 Mayor declares state of emergency in Columbus Georgia due to racial disturbance
  • 1972 -29] Tropical storm Agnes upgraded to a hurricane, makes landfall in Panama City (would kill 128)
  • 1972 Hundreds of thousands of holidaymakers face flight delays and cancellations after pilots threaten to strike over hijack fears
  • 1972 A Catholic civilian is shot dead by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in the Cracked Cup Social Club, Belfast
  • 1972 Secretary of State for Northern Ireland William Whitelaw concedes 'special category' status, or 'political status' for paramilitary prisoners in Northern Ireland
  • 1974 Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) suspends constitution
  • 1976 US Viking 1 goes into Martian orbit after 10-month flight from Earth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Pope Paul VI makes 19th-cen bishop John Neumann 1st US male saint

Pope Paul VI
Paul VI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Garfield, created by Jim Davis, 1st appears as a comic strip

Garfield Cartoonist Jim Davis
Garfield Cartoonist
Jim Davis
  • 1979 Mali's constitution goes into effect
  • 1980 Battle between police and demonstrators in Capetown, 34 killed

Birthdays in History

  • 1301 Prince Morikuni, 9th shōgun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan, born in Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan (d. 1333)
  • 1507 Annibale Caro, Italian writer and poet (Lettere familiare), born in Civitanova Marche, Italy (d. 1566)

Person of interestJames I and VI

1566 James Stuart, King James VI of Scotland (1567-1625) and James I of England and Ireland (1603-25), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1625)

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1606 James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman, born in Hamilton Palace, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1649)
  • 1608 Thomas Fuller, British scholar, preacher and historian (History of the Worthies of Britain), born in Aldwincle, Northamptonshire (d. 1661)

Person of interestBlaise Pascal

1623 Blaise Pascal, French mathematician, physicist and Christian philosopher (Pascal's Law, Pascal's Wager), born in Clermont-Ferrand, France (d. 1662)

Mathematician, Physicist and Philosopher Blaise Pascal
Mathematician, Physicist and Philosopher
Blaise Pascal
  • 1633 Philipp van Limborch, Dutch Remonstrants theologist and vicar, born in Amsterdam (d. 1712)
  • 1741 Reinier Vinkeles, Dutch engraver and art collector, born in Amsterdam (d. 1816)
  • 1749 Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, French revolutionary and President of the National Convention, born in Paris (d. 1796)
  • 1764 John Barrow, 1st Baronet, English statesman and founder of the Royal Geographical Society, born in Ulverston, Lancashire, England (d. 1848)
  • 1764 Jose Gervasio Artigas, Uruguayan revolutionary leader and national hero who is regarded as the father of Uruguayan independence, born in Montevideo (d. 1850)
  • 1771 Joseph Diez Gergonne, French mathematician, born in Nancy, France (d. 1859)
  • 1782 Hugues Felicité Robert de Lamennais, French Catholic priest and writer (L'avenir), born in Saint-Malo, Brittany, France (d. 1854)
  • 1783 Thomas Sully, American portrait painter (Queen Victoria), born in Horncastle, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1872)
  • 1790 John Gibson, British sculptor, born in Conwy, Wales (d. 1866)
  • 1792 Gustav Schwab, German writer, born in Stuttgart (d. 1850)
  • 1811 Henry Prince, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Eastport, Maine (d. 1892)
  • 1814 Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch, Dutch landscape painter, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1903)
  • 1815 Cornelius Krieghoff, Dutch-Canadian painter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1872)
  • 1816 William Henry Webb, American industrialist and philanthropist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1899)
  • 1834 Charles Spurgeon, English preacher and evangelist, born in Kelvedon, Essex, England (d. 1892)
  • 1846 Antonio Abetti, Italian astronomer, born in San Pietro di Gorizia (d. 1928)
  • 1850 David Jayne Hill, American diplomat and author, born in Plainfield, New Jersey (d. 1932)
  • 1856 Elbert Hubbard, American editor, publisher and author (Message to Garcia), born in Bloomington, Illinois (d. 1915)
  • 1858 Dirk Fock, Dutch politician and Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1921-26), born in Wijk bij Duurstede, Netherlands (d. 1941)

Person of interestDouglas Haig

1861 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WWI), nicknamed "Butcher Haig" due to mass casualties under his command during the Battle of the Somme, born in Charlotte Square, Edinburgh (d. 1928)

WWI General Douglas Haig
WWI General
Douglas Haig

Person of interestJose Rizal

1861 José Rizal, Filipino nationalist, author ('Noli Me Tángere', 'El Filibusterismo') and ophthalmologist, born in Calamba City, Laguna, Philippines (d. 1896)

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • 1865 Alfred Hugenberg, German politician and businessman, born in Hanover (d. 1951)
  • 1874 Peder Oluf Pedersen, Danish engineer and physicist, born in Sig, Varde, Denmark (d. 1941)
  • 1880 Jóhann Sigurjónsson, Icelandic writer (Dr Rung), born in Laxamýri, Iceland (d. 1919)
  • 1884 Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes, French Dadaist artist and writer, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1974)
  • 1889 Enrico Celio, Swiss lawyer and President of Switzerland (1943), born in Ambrì, Switzerland (d. 1980)
  • 1893 Adriaan Franciscus Dussenbroek, Dutch doctor and co-founder (Union National Arubano), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1965)

Person of interestWallis Simpson

1896 Wallis Simpson [Duchess of Windsor], American divorcee whom British King Edward VIII abdicated his throne to marry, born in Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania (d. 1986)

Duchess of Windsor Wallis Simpson
Duchess of Windsor
Wallis Simpson
  • 1898 James Joseph Sweeney, American Catholic prelate, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1968)
  • 1899 George Călinescu, Romanian literature (Enigma Otilei), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1965)
  • 1903 Hans Litten, German jurist (d. 1938)
  • 1906 Ernst Chain, German-British chemist and bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1945 - for his work on penicillin), born in Berlin, German Empire (d. 1979)
  • 1906 Walter Rauff, German colonel (d. 1984)
  • 1907 Clarence Wiseman, 10th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1985)
  • 1907 George de Mestral, Swiss engineer (invented Velcro), born in Colombier, Switzerland (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Quentin N Burdick, (Sen-D-ND, 1960-91)
  • 1909 Osamu Dazai, Japan, novelist (Tsugaru, No Longer Human)
  • 1910 Frederick Harry Baines, painter
  • 1914 Alan Cranston, American politician (Sen-D-CA, 1969-1993), born in Palo Alto, California (d. 2000)
  • 1914 Morgan Morgan-Giles, British Naval officer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1914 Anthony Bloom, Metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church (d. 2003)
  • 1915 Julius Schwartz, American editor and agent (d. 2004)
  • 1917 Joshua Nkomo, Zimbabwan minister (ZAPUA)
  • 1918 Evelle Jansen Younger, American prosecutor (Charles Manson, Sirhan Sirhan), born in Stamford, Nebraska (d. 1989)
  • 1921 Allan Davis, London mayor (1985-86), born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Herman Berserik, Dutch painter and graphic artist
  • 1921 Howell Heflin, American politician (Sen-D-Alabama, 1979-97), born in Poulan, Georgia (d. 2005)
  • 1924 David Scott, British priest, Chaplain to the Queen (d. 1996)
  • 1924 Wassil Bykau, Belarusian writer, born in Bytschki, Vitebsk Region (d. 2003)
  • 1924 Sybren Polet [Sijbe Minnema], Dutch writer and poet (Mannekino), born in Kampen, Overijssel, Netherlands (d. 2015)
  • 1925 Alfred Nzo, South African General Secretary of the ANC (1969-91), born in Benoni, Transvaal, South Africa (d. 2000)
  • 1927 Luciano Benjamín Menéndez, Argentine general, Commander of the Third Army Corps (1975-79), and convicted human rights violator and murderer, born in San Martín, Buenos Aires (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Raymond Powell, British MP
  • 1930 Bryan Kneale, British sculptor
  • 1933 Viktor Ivanovich Patsayev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 11), born in Aktobe, Kazakhstan (d. 1971)
  • 1934 Terence Clark, British diplomat
  • 1938 Charles Gwathmey, architect (5 Architects)
  • 1938 John Sheil, Northern Irish High Court judge
  • 1939 Peter Duffell, Brits lt-general/minister of Defense
  • 1941 Václav Klaus, Czech politician and former president
  • 1941 Conchita Carpio-Morales, Filipino Supreme Court justice and jurist
  • 1942 Neil Chalmers, director (National History Museum, London)
  • 1942 Robert [Bob] W Kasten Jr, (Sen-R-WI, 1981- )

Person of interestAung San Suu Kyi

1945 Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, leader of the National League for Democracy and human rights activist (1991 Nobel Peace Prize), born in Rangoon, British Burma

Burmese Politician Aung San Suu Kyi
Burmese Politician
Aung San Suu Kyi
  • 1945 Tobias Wolff, American writer (This Boy's Life)
  • 1945 Radovan Karadžić, Serbian-Bosnian politician
  • 1947 James T Walsh, (Rep-R-NY)

Person of interestSalman Rushdie

1947 Salman Rushdie, British-Indian novelist (Midnight's Children, Satanic Verses), born in Mumbai, India

Novelist Salman Rushdie
Salman Rushdie
  • 1951 Ayman al-Zawahiri, Egyptian leader of al-Qaeda, born in Maadi, Cairo
  • 1952 Robert Ainsworth, British MP
  • 1954 Jim Cooper, (Rep-D-TN, 1983- )
  • 1954 Michael O'Brien, British MP
  • 1957 Anna Lindh, Swedish politician (d. 2003)
  • 1959 Kimberley Leston, British journalist (d. 1995)
  • 1959 Anne Hidalgo, French Spanish politician, 1st female Mayor of Paris (2014-), born in San Fernando, Spain
  • 1960 Heike Walpot, German, cosmonaut

Person of interestBoris Johnson

1964 Boris Johnson, British Conservative politician, (Prime Minister, 2019-present; Mayor of London, 2008-2016), born in NYC, New York

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson
British Prime Minister
Boris Johnson
  • 1965 Luc Donckerwolke, Belgian car designer
  • 1966 Joichi Ito, Japanese entrepreneur
  • 1967 Bjørn Dæhlie, Norwegian skier
  • 1968 Alastair Lynch, Australian rules footballer
  • 1969 Thomas Breitling, American entrepreneur
  • 1970 Rahul Gandhi, Indian politician
  • 1978 Garfield the Cat, animated character "Big fat hairy deal"
  • 1979 John Ford, American software engineer
  • 2008 Maddie Aldridge, daughter of Jamie Lynn Spears

Weddings in History

  • 1369 Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy marries Margaret 111 Countess of Flanders

LoveWedding of Interest

1843 Philosopher Karl Marx (25) weds Jenny von Westphalen in Germany

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1850 Swedish/Norwegian crown prince Charles weds Dutch princess Wilhelmina

LoveWedding of Interest

1886 US President William Taft (28) weds Helen Herron (25) in Cincinnati, Ohio

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1976 King Charles XVI Gustaf of Sweden marries Silvia Renate Sommerlath in Stockholm Cathedral, 1st Swedish reigning monarch to marry since 1797
  • 1993 Mandy Smith (Bill Wyman's ex-wife) weds Pat van den Hauwe

LoveWedding of Interest

1999 Earl of Wessex Prince Edward (35) weds Sophie Rhys-Jones (34) at St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle

Earl of Wessex Prince Edward
Earl of Wessex
Prince Edward
  • 2010 Crown Princess Victoria heir apparent of HM Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden, weds Daniel Westling at Stockholm Cathedral

Deaths in History

  • 1113 Odo/Odardus van Kamerijk, French writer/bishop of Kamerijk, dies
  • 1312 Piers Gaveston, Earl of Cornwall and favourite of Edward II of England beheaded at 27 or 28
  • 1542 Leo Jud[ae], Swiss pastor/church reformer
  • 1545 Abraomas Kulvietis Lithuanian reformer (b. 1509)
  • 1554 Sixt[us] Birck [Xystus Betulius], German writer (Judith), dies at 53
  • 1584 François, Duke of Anjou (b. 1555)
  • 1608 Alberico Gentili, Italian jurist (b. 1551)
  • 1650 Matthäus Merian, Swiss engraver (b. 1593)
  • 1652 Louis de Geer, Neth/Swedish industrialist/millionaire, dies at 64
  • 1747 Nader Shah, Iranian ruler (1736-47) and founder of Afsharid Dynasty of Persia, murdered at 58
  • 1768 Benjamin Tasker, Governor of Maryland (b. 1690)

Person of interestNathanael Greene

1786 Nathanael Greene, American Military Leader (major general during the American Revolutionary War), dies at 43

US General Nathanael Greene
US General
Nathanael Greene
  • 1787 Sophie Hélène Béatrix, Princess of France, daughter of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette, dies aged 11 months 10 days
  • 1794 Richard H Lee, US farmer (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • 1805 Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée, French painter (b. 1724)
  • 1811 Samuel Chase, American judge (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 70

Person of interestJoseph Banks

1820 Joseph Banks, English natural historian (Cook/Australia), dies

Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • 1837 Aleksander Bestuzhev-Marlinsky, Russian author, dies in battle at 39
  • 1840 John Cockerill, English-Belgian industrialist (founded iron, steel, and manufacturing company - John Cockerill & Company), dies at 50
  • 1844 Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist, dies at 72
  • 1857 Alexander Twilight, American politician and minister, first African American to graduate and hold political office, dies at 61
  • 1864 George Lincoln Prescott, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies of injuries at 35

BattleMaximilian I

1867 Maximilian I of the Mexican Empire is executed by firing squad in Querétaro, Querétaro at 34

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I
  • 1902 John Dalberg baron van Acton, English historian “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely”, dies at 69
  • 1921 Ramon Lopez Velarde, Mexican poet (La Sangre Devota), dies at 33
  • 1922 Johannes C Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer, dies at 71
  • 1932 Solomon Tshkisho Platje, South African writer, dies
  • 1937 J. M. [James Matthew] Barrie, Scottish novelist and playwright (Peter Pan), dies at 77
  • 1939 Grace Abbott, social worker (US Children Bureau), dies at 60
  • 1944 Han Yong-woon, Korean Buddhist reformer and poet, at 65
  • 1947 Willem H Fly, typographer/co-founder (SDAP), dies at 84
  • 1949 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Indian-Pakistani Prominent Muslim philosopher, dies at 64
  • 1951 Angelos Sikelianos, Greek poet (b. 1884)

BattleEthel Rosenberg

1953 Ethel Rosenberg, 1st US civilian executed (in 5 tries) at Sing Sing, NY, for espionage at 37

Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg

BattleJulius Rosenberg

1953 Julius Rosenberg, 1st US civilian executed at Sing Sing, NY for espionage at 35

Alleged Soviet Spy Julius Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Julius Rosenberg
  • 1956 Lulu [Luise] Strauss und Torney, German poet/writer, dies at 82

Person of interestThomas J. Watson

1956 Thomas J. Watson, Sr., American businessman (Chairman and CEO of IBM, 1914-1956), dies at 87

Businessman Thomas J. Watson
Thomas J. Watson
  • 1957 Karl Plagge, German officer and Nazi Party member who during World War II used his position as a staff officer in the German Army to employ and protect some 1,240 Jews, dies at 59
  • 1962 Frank Borzage, American director (7th Heaven, Strange Cargo), dies at 69
  • 1965 James Collip, Canadian biochemist and physiologist (insulin), dies at 72
  • 1968 James Joseph Sweeney, American Catholic prelate, dies at 70

Person of interestSam Giancana

1975 Sam Giancana, American gangster, dies of multiple gunshot wounds at 67

Gangster Sam Giancana
Sam Giancana
  • 1977 Ali Shariati, Iranian sociologist (b. 1933)
  • 1979 Paul Popenoe, American eugenicist (b. 1888)
  • 1984 Lee Krasner, American abistract expressionist painter, dies at 75
  • 1986 Murray P Haydon, artificial heart recipient, dies in Louisville at 59
  • 1987 Teresa Cormack, New Zealand murder victim (b. 1981)
  • 1988 Fernand Seguin, Canadian biologist (b. 1922)
  • 1988 Gladys Spellman, American. Congresswoman (b. 1918)
  • 1989 Hy Gardner, newspaper columnist, dies at 80
  • 1989 Isidore Feinstein Stone, author (I F Stone's Weekly), dies at 81

Person of interestWilliam Golding

1993 William Golding, English author (Lord of the Flies, Nobel Prize for Literature 1983), dies at 81

Nobel Laureate and Novelist William Golding
Nobel Laureate and Novelist
William Golding
  • 1993 James Benton Parsons, American judge, 1st African American federal judge, dies at 81
  • 1994 Christopher Clarkson, British test pilot, dies at 92
  • 1994 Jocelyn Hambro, British financier (Hambros Bank), dies at 75
  • 1994 Ronald Batty, bookseller, dies at 82
  • 1995 Richard Bernard Pape, POW escaper/writer, dies at 79
  • 1995 Peter Townsend, RAF officer (b. 1914)
  • 1996 G. David Schine, American businessman, dies at 70
  • 1996 Harold William Woolhouse, British botanist, dies at 63
  • 1996 Henry Ralph Carr, soldier, dies at 82
  • 2000 Noboru Takeshita, Japanese PM (1987-89), dies at 76
  • 2007 Ze'ev Schiff, Israeli journalist and military correspondent for Haaretz, dies at 74
  • 2008 Barun Sengupta, Bengali journalist (b. 1934)
  • 2009 Tomoji Tanabe, Japanese supercentenarian, dies of old age at 113
  • 2010 Anthony Quinton, British philosopher (b. 1925)
  • 2010 Angela Rumbold, British politician (C), dies at 78
  • 2013 Gyula Horn, Hungarian Prime Minister (1994-8), dies at 80
  • 2013 Glyn England, British electrical engineer and CEO (CEGB, Windcluster Ltd), dies at 92
  • 2017 Brian Kenny, British Army officer, deputy supreme allied commander (Europe), dies at 83
  • 2020 Carlos Ruiz Zafón, Spanish writer (Shadow of the Wind), dies of cancer at 55