On This Day

On This Day in History for June 2

Events in History

  • 455 King Gaiseric and the Vandals sack Rome - Rome looted for 14 days
  • 575 Benedict I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 657 St Eugene I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1615 First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France
  • 1619 England and the Netherlands sign treaty about trading in the Indies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1625 Prince Frederick Henry sworn in as viceroy of Holland/Zealand

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1627 English king Charles I establishes Guyana Company

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1633 Prince Frederick Henry conquers fort Rhine at Cologne
  • 1676 Battle at Palermo: French beats Dutch and Spanish fleet
  • 1697 August, Elector of Saxony becomes Catholic
  • 1746 Russia and Austria sign agreements
  • 1763 Pontiac's Rebellion: At what is now Mackinaw City, Michigan, Chippewas capture Fort Michilimackinac by diverting the garrison's attention with a game of lacrosse, then chasing a ball into the fort
  • 1774 Intolerable Acts: Amendment to original Quartering Act enacted, allows governors in colonial America to house British soldiers in uninhabited houses, outhouses, barns, or other buildings if suitable quarters not provided
  • 1780 Anti-Catholic demonstration attacks parliament in London
  • 1797 Surveyor Charles Brodhead achieves the 1st ascent of Giant Mountain (4,626 feet) in Adirondack, New York, the 1st of any Adirondack High Peak [1]
  • 1834 5th national black convention meets (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 P. T. Barnum & his circus begin 1st tour of US

Circus Showman and Businessman P. T. Barnum
Circus Showman and Businessman
P. T. Barnum
  • 1848 The Slavic congress in Prague begins.
  • 1851 1st US alcohol prohibition law enacted (Maine)
  • 1855 The Portland Rum Riot occurs in Portland, Maine
  • 1857 James Gibbs of Virginia, patents the chain-stitch single-thread sewing machine
  • 1858 Donati Comet 1st seen named after its discoverer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Robert E. Lee takes command of Confederate armies of North Virginia during the American Civil War

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1862 Raid at Early's: Maryland towards Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Harriet Tubman leads Union guerrillas into Maryland, freeing slaves

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
  • 1864 Battle of Cold Harbour, Day 2
  • 1865 At Galveston, Kirby-Smith surrenders Trans-Mississippi Dept
  • 1866 Renegade Irish Fenians surrender to US forces
  • 1873 Construction begins on Clay St (San Francisco) for world's 1st cable railroad
  • 1875 James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1875 Alexander Graham Bell makes first sound transmission

  • 1876 Hristo Botev, a Bulgarian poet and national revolutionary, is killed in Stara Planina
  • 1881 Haarlem-Zandvoort Railway opens
  • 1882 Pierre de Brazza festival welcomed in Paris
  • 1883 Chicago's "El" opens to traffic

InventionHistoric Invention

1896 Italian engineer and inventor Guglielmo Marconi applies for the first ever patent for a system of wireless telegraphy in the United Kingdom

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi

  • 1899 Black Americans observed day of fasting in protest against lynchings
  • 1902 2nd statewide initiative & referendum law adopted, in Oregon

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1902 British naval officer David Beatty is appointed captain of the cruiser HMS Juno

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • 1904 Professor Schron finds microbe that causes photosynthesis
  • 1909 Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time
  • 1910 1st roundtrip flight over English Channel (C S Rolls, England)
  • 1910 Pygmies discovered in Dutch New Guinea
  • 1913 1st strike settlement mediated by US Department of Labor - railroad clerks
  • 1913 Demonstrations for general voting right in Netherlands
  • 1914 Glenn Curtiss flies his Langley Aerodrome
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun: German troops, under Lt Rackow, launch attack on Fort Vaux with flamethrowers, forcing French defenders inside. The fort changes hand 16 times during the entire Battle of Verdun.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Canadian ace Billy Bishop undertakes a solo mission behind enemy lines, shooting down three aircraft as they were about to take off and several more on the ground, for which he is awarded the Victoria Cross

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • 1919 Pulitzer prize awarded to Carl Sandburg (Cornhuskers)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920 Pulitzer prize awarded to Eugene O'Neill (Beyond the Horizon)

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
  • 1922 Suffy McInnis (1st base) ends an errorless string of 1,700 chances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 President Calvin Coolidge signs the Indian Citizenship Act (also known as Snyder Act), declaring all Native Americans to be American citizens [1]

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • 1928 Kraft, building on the original 1918 design, rolls out Velveeta cheese
  • 1930 Sarah Dickson becomes 1st woman Presbyterian elder in US, Cincinnati

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 German Chancellor Franz von Papen forms his "Cabinet of the Barons"

Diplomat and Chancellor Franz von Papen
Diplomat and Chancellor
Franz von Papen
  • 1932 Fisherman George W. Perry catches the world record largemouth bass, weighing in at 22 pounds, 4 ounces, at Lake Montgomery, Georgia

  • 1933 WNJ-AM in Newark NJ goes off the air
  • 1936 General Anastasio Somoza García takes over as dictator of Nicaragua

Victory in BattleMiracle of Dunkirk

1940 Heavy German bombing on Dunkirk beach

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British troops await evacuation at Dunkirk
British troops await evacuation at Dunkirk
Learn More
  • 1943 99th Pursuit Squadron flies 1st combat mission (over Italy)
  • 1943 German assault on Sebastopol, Crimea, begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Generals Dwight D. Eisenhower and Bernard Montgomery dine in Portsmouth, England

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944 Herzogenbusch concentration camp near Vught, Netherlands, is disbanded by Allied forces, one of two SS-run camps outside Germany
  • 1946 Italian plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy (National Day)
  • 1947 Hungarian premier Ferenc Nagy resigns

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1951 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Evangelii praecones

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1952 650,000 metal workers go on strike in US
  • 1952 Maurice Olley of General Motors begins designing the Corvette

CrownRoyal Coronation

1953 Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster Abbey, London, England

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1954 John Costello (Cons) becomes premier of Ireland
  • 1955 The USSR and Yugoslavia sign the Belgrade declaration and thus normalize relations between both countries, discontinued since 1948.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Yugoslav president Tito visits Moscow

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 US TV interviews Nikita Khrushchev

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Allen Ginsberg writes his poem "Lysergic Acid", San Francisco

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 1965 2nd of 2 cyclones in less than a month kills 35,000 (Ganges River, India)
  • 1966 US Surveyor 1 lands in Oceanus Procellarum; 1st lunar soft-landing

  • 1967 Race riots in Roxbury suburb of Boston
  • 1968 Canadians must get government permission to export silver
  • 1969 Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne slices US destroyer USS Frank E Evans in half, killing 74 (South Vietnam)
  • 1972 Two British soldiers die in an IRA land mine attack near Rosslea, County Fermanagh
  • 1974 Mali adopts constitution
  • 1974 Malta's constitution goes into effect
  • 1975 First recorded snowfall in London in June
  • 1975 James A Healy, 1st black Roman Catholic bishop, consecrated (Maine)
  • 1975 VP Rockefeller finds no pattern of illegal activities at CIA
  • 1976 East Timor People's Assembly accepts annexation by Indonesia
  • 1977 New Jersey allows casino gambling in Atlantic City

BeatificationPapal Visit

1979 John Paul II becomes 1st pope to visit a Communist country (Poland)

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1979 NASA launches space vehicle S-198

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley signs first homosexual rights bill

American Politician Tom Bradley
American Politician
Tom Bradley
  • 1983 Toilet catches fire on Air Canada's DC-9, 23 die at Cincinnati
  • 1984 Flight readiness firing of Discovery's main engines
  • 1985 39th Tony Awards: Biloxi Blues and Big River win
  • 1985 Andreas Papandreou's PASOK-party wins election in Greece
  • 1985 RJ Reynolds Company proposed a merger with Nabisco
  • 1986 NYC transit system issues a new brass with steel bullseye token
  • 1986 Regular TV coverage of US Senate sessions begins
  • 1988 61st National Spell Bee: Rageshree Ramachandran wins spelling elegiacal
  • 1988 Consumer Reports calls for a ban on the Suzuki Samurai automobile
  • 1989 14 year old Scott Isaacs spells spoliator to win 1989 Spelling Bee

Birthdays in History

  • 926 Murakami, Emperor of Japan (d. 967)
  • 1504 George/Joris van Egmont, bishop of Utrecht
  • 1535 Leo XI [Alessandro O de' Medici], Italian Pope (1605)
  • 1624 Jan III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96)
  • 1719 Michel-Jean Sedaine, French dramatist (Le Philosophe sans le savoir), born in Paris (d. 1797)

Person of interestMarquis de Sade

1740 Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine). The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name., born in Paris, France (d/ 1814)

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • 1758 Cornelis R T Krayenhoff, Dutch fortress engineer/cartographer
  • 1759 Jan Ekels, the Young, Dutch painter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1793)
  • 1773 John Randolph [of Roanoke], American planter, Congressman (Virginia) and Minister to Russia, born in Cawsons, Virginia (d. 1833)
  • 1774 William Lawson, English born explorer of New South Wales, Australia, born in Finchley, England (d. 1850)
  • 1802 Adrian van der Hoop Jr, Dutch poet/critic
  • 1815 Philip Kearny, American Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1862)
  • 1821 Ion Bratianu, (Lib), premier of Romania (1876-88)
  • 1823 Gédéon Ouimet, French Canadian politician (d. 1905)
  • 1824 Samuel Wilks, British Physician and founding father of clinical science, born in London, England
  • 1831 Benjamin Hardin Helm, Brigadier General (Conf)/Lincoln's brother-in-law
  • 1835 Pius X [Giuseppe Sarto], 257th Roman Catholic pope (1903-14)
  • 1838 Grand Duchess Alexandra Petrovna (d. 1900)
  • 1840 Thomas Hardy, poet and novelist (Far from the Madding Crowd), born in Higher Bockhampton, Dorset (d. 1928)
  • 1842 Constantly AM Cap, Flemish poet/etcher
  • 1849 Paul-Albert Besnard, French painter and graphic artist (La femme), born in Paris, France (d. 1909)
  • 1857 Karl Adolph Gjellerup, poet (Poutnici Svetem, Nobel 1917), born in Roholte, Denmark (d. 1919)
  • 1879 Adolf Herckenrath, Flemish playwright/poet (Avondvlam)
  • 1883 Bokke R S Pollema, Dutch Frisian journalist/author (Lock of Hair)
  • 1891 Thurman Arnold, American attorney and jurist (d. 1969)
  • 1899 Tan Malaka, Indonesian philosopher and founder (Indonesian Communist), born in Limapuluh Koto, Dutch East Indies (d. 1949)
  • 1907 Dorothy West, American journalist/author (Living is Easy)
  • 1911 Xiao Hong, Chinese writer (The Field of Life and Death), born in Hulan County, Heilongjiang Province (d. 1942)
  • 1913 Barbara Pym, romantic author (Very Private Eye), (d. 1980)
  • 1915 Lester del Rey, American sci-fi author (Moon Trilogy, Marooned on Mars)
  • 1915 Walter Tetley, American animation voice (Sherman-Bullwinkle Show), born in NYC, New York
  • 1915 Alexandru Nicolschi, Russian communist (d. 1992)
  • 1915 Florence Holway, Massachusetts, 75 year old rape victim and activist, (d. 2012)
  • 1918 Robert Manry, American copy editor of the Cleveland newspaper editor who sailed the Atlantic (Tinkerbelle), born in Landour, India (d. 1971)
  • 1918 Ruth Atkinson, American cartoonist (d. 1997)
  • 1919 Nat Mayer Shapiro, American painter (d. 2005)
  • 1920 Michael James O'Hehir, commentator/journalist
  • 1920 Marcel Reich-Ranicki, Polish-born cr
  • 1920 Frank G. Clement, Governor of Tennessee (d. 1969)
  • 1921 Alexander Salkind, producer (Superman)
  • 1923 Lloyd Shapley, Mathematician (2012 Nobel Prize Game Theory), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2016)
  • 1924 June Callwood, Canadian journalist and activist (d. 2007)
  • 1927 Phillip Burton, historian (Vanishing Eagles)
  • 1928 John Anthony Bowden Cuddon, writer/teacher
  • 1929 Norton Juster, American architect and children's author (The Phantom Tollbooth; The Dot and The Line), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2021) [1] [2]
  • 1930 Charles Pete Conrad Jr, USN/astro (Gem 5 11, Ap 12, Skylab 2), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1932 Yaroslav Kirillovich Golovyanov, cosmonaut
  • 1935 Carol Shields, American-Canadian novelist (The Stone Diaries) and short story writer, born in Oak Park, Illinois (d. 2003)
  • 1935 Dimitri Kitsikis, Greek turkologist
  • 1938 Frits Wols [Eugene W Wong Loi Sing], Suriname, Secretary-General (UNESCO)
  • 1940 Constantine II, deposed King of Greece (1964-73)
  • 1941 Oda Mayumi, resident artist (Green Gulch Zen Center), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1943 John Lilipaly, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (PvdA)
  • 1943 Maarten B Engwirda, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (D66)
  • 1946 Peter Sutcliffe, English murderer of 13 women "The Yorkshire Ripper", born in Bingley, England (d. 2020)
  • 1949 Heather Couper, British astronomer and presenter (The Sky at Night), born in Wallesey, England (d. 2020)
  • 1951 Gilbert Baker, American gay activist who designed the rainbow flag, born in Chanute, Kansas (d. 2017)
  • 1952 Gary Bettman, American National Hockey League commissioner
  • 1955 Chantal Hochuli, Swiss-born socialite
  • 1956 Mark L Polansky, pilot/astronaut, born in Paterson, New Jersey
  • 1956 Malcolm Garrett, English graphic designer
  • 1957 Mark Lawrenson, English Football Pundit
  • 1965 Jim Knipfel, American autobiographer and journalist (Slackjaw, Quitting the Nairobi Trio), born in Grand Forks, North Dakota
  • 1968 Beetlejuice, member of Howard Stern's Wack
  • 1971 Kateřina Jacques, Czech politician
  • 1973 Kevin Feige, American producer, President of Marvel Studios (2007-), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1974 Matt Serra, American mixed martial ar
  • 1976 Queen 'Masenate Mohato Seeiso, Queen consort of Lesotho
  • 1976 Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira, Brazilian mixed martial artist
  • 1989 Freddy Adu, Ghanaian-American footballer

Weddings in History

  • 1129 Fulco V's son Godfried marries King Henry I's daughter Mathildis

LoveWedding of Interest

1886 U.S. President Grover Cleveland (49) weds Frances Folsom (21), 1st presidential marriage to be held at the White House

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland

LoveWedding of Interest

1919 Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein (40) weds his cousin Elsa Lowenthal (43)

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 2012 Vice President Joe Biden's daughter Ashley Biden (30) weds Dr. Howard David Krein at St. Joseph on the Brandywine in Wilmington, Delaware

Deaths in History

  • 657 Eugene I, Italian Pope (654-7), dies
  • 910 Richilde of Provence, Queen of Western Francia
  • 1418 Katherine of Lancaster, wife of Henry III of Castile
  • 1564 Gellius Faber [Jelle Smit], Fries theologist, dies
  • 1567 Shane O'Neill, Irish chieftain
  • 1572 Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, executed at 36
  • 1575 Pieter Aertsen [Long Worm], painter, dies at about 65
  • 1581 James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, regent of Scotland
  • 1597 Diederik Sonoy, German/Neth governor of Northern quarter, dies at 67
  • 1632 Ernst Casimir, count of Nassau-Dietz/mayor of Friesland, dies at 58
  • 1639 Floris II van Pallandt, Dutch earl of Culemborg and politician, dies at 62
  • 1678 Pieter the Great, regent/diplomat, dies at 63
  • 1678 Pieter de Groot, Dutch regent and diplomat (First Stadtholderless Period of the Dutch Republic), dies at 63
  • 1693 John Wildman, English soldier and politician
  • 1701 Madeleine de Scudéry, French novelist (Artamène ou le grand Cyrus), dies at 93
  • 1716 Ogata Korin, Japanese painter
  • 1754 Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (b. 1680)
  • 1761 Jonas Alströmer, Swedish industrialist (b. 1685)
  • 1785 Jean Paul de Gua de Malves, French mathematician (b. 1713)
  • 1802 Pemulwuy [Bembilwuyam] Indigenous Australian (Bidjigal) who resisted colonization, shot to death, his head later sent to Joseph Banks (b. c. 1750) [1]
  • 1812 John W de Winter, Dutch vice-adm, dies at battle at Kamperduin at 51
  • 1833 Simon Byrne, Irish bare-knuckle prize fighter (b. 1806)
  • 1839 Wijnand Nuijen, Dutch romantic painter and lithographer (Wrecked), dies at 26
  • 1864 George Pierce Doles, US businessman/Confed brigadier general, dies at 34
  • 1865 Johannes Elias Feisser, Dutch theologist and founder of 1st Dutch baptist church, dies at 59
  • 1865 Ner Alexander Middleswarth, American politician, dies at 81
  • 1875 Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (b. 1806)
  • 1881 Émile Littré, French lexicographer (b. 1801)

Person of interestGiuseppe Garibaldi

1882 Guiseppi Garibaldi, Italian general and nationalist (Risorgimento) who helped unify Italy, dies at 74

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • 1896 Gerhard Rohlfs, German explorer and ambassador in Abyssinia, dies at 65
  • 1900 Samori Ture, Muslim leader of the Wassoulou Empire (1878-98), dies in captivity at 69 or 70
  • 1901 James A Herne [J Aherne], US playwright (Margaret Fleming), dies
  • 1901 George Leslie Mackay, Canadian missionary (b. 1844)
  • 1908 Redvers Buller, English general and recipient of the Victoria Cross, dies at 68
  • 1913 Alfred Austin, English poet laureate of England (Garden), dies at 78
  • 1921 Phoebe Ann Coffin Hanaford, 1st female ordained minister in New England, dies at 92
  • 1927 Eduard Cuypers, Dutch architect (De Hooge Vuursche), dies at 67

Person of interestTimothy Thomas Fortune

1928 Timothy Thomas Fortune, American orator, civil rights leader, writer and publisher (New York Age), dies at 71

Orator, Writer and Civil Rights Leader Timothy Thomas Fortune
Orator, Writer and Civil Rights Leader
Timothy Thomas Fortune
  • 1940 Willem Roelofs, Dutch painter and cartoonist, dies at 66
  • 1948 Viktor Brack, German Nazi physician and war criminal, dies at 43
  • 1948 Karl Brandt, German physician of Adolf Hitler, hanged for war crimes at 44
  • 1948 Karl Gebhardt, Nazi doctor (b. 1897)
  • 1948 Waldemar Hoven, German physician (b. 1903)
  • 1948 Wolfram Sievers, Nazi physician, dies at 42
  • 1950 Stanislas Bizot, French draughts champion (1925), dies at 70
  • 1951 Alain [Emile-Auguste Chartier], French philosopher, dies at 83
  • 1951 John Erskine, American poet and writer (Private Life of Helen of Troy), dies at 71
  • 1961 George S. Kaufman, American playwright (This is Show Business), dies at 72
  • 1962 Fran Saleški Finžgar, Slovene folk writer (Our Blood, Service Girls), dies at 91
  • 1962 Vita Sackville-West, English novelist, poet (The Land) and gardener (Sissinghurst), dies at 70
  • 1967 Benno Ohnesorg, German student (b. 1940)
  • 1971 Charles de Keukeleire, Belgian director (Evil Eye), dies at 66
  • 1974 Arnold Lunn, British skier (created the modern Alpine slalom race), dies at 86
  • 1975 Eisaku Sato, premier of Japan (1964-71 Nobel 1974), dies at 74
  • 1976 Bartoes [Albertus J Wijstma], cabaret performer, dies at 73
  • 1976 Juan José Torres, former President of Bolivia, assassinated in the frame of Operation Condor
  • 1982 Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani politician (b. 1904)
  • 1988 Horace Hildreth, American politician (Gov-Maine, 1945-49) and U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan (1953-57), dies at 85
  • 1990 Robert Noyce, American inventor (co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957 and Intel Corporation in 1968), dies at 62
  • 1990 Shriram Sharma, Indian spiritual leader and founder of "All World Gayatri Pariwar", dies at 78
  • 1993 French JFM of Thiel, Dutch 2nd chamber chairman (1963-72), dies at 86
  • 1993 Norton Simon, American industrialist (Hunts Foods, Norton Simon Museum), dies at 86
  • 1994 David Stove, Australian philosopher (b. 1927)
  • 1996 Leon Garield, writer, dies at 74
  • 1996 Peter Bird, ocean rower, dies at 49
  • 1996 Amos Tversky, Israeli psychologist (b. 1937)
  • 2000 Svyatoslav Fyodorov, Russian ophthalmologist (b. 1927)
  • 2000 Gerald Whitrow, British mathematician (b. 1912)
  • 2001 Imogene Coca, American comedienne (Your Show of Shows, Grindl), dies at 92
  • 2001 Frank Stagg, American Baptist Theologian (b. 1911)
  • 2004 Loyd Sigmon, American amateur ("ham") radio broadcaster, dies at 95
  • 2005 Samir Kassir, Lebanese journalist and teacher (b. 1950)
  • 2005 Melita Norwood, British spy (b. 1912)
  • 2007 Huang Ju, Chinese Vice-Premier
  • 2009 David Eddings, American fantasy writer. (b. 1931)
  • 2013 John Gilbert, British politician and Minister (Labour), dies at 86
  • 2015 Irwin Rose, American biologist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 2004), dies at 88
  • 2018 Malcolm Morley, English-American painter, dies at 86
  • 2018 Paul D. Boyer, American biochemist and Nobel Prize Laureate for research on the "enzymatic mechanism underlying the biosynthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)" (1997), dies at 99